Census Profile, 2016 Census
Brampton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brampton, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Brampton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Brampton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 593,638 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 523,906 r ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.3 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 173,428 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 168,011 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,228.7 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 266.36 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 593,640 293,535 300,105 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 120,245 62,305 57,940 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 37,520 19,485 18,040 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 41,680 21,520 20,160 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 41,040 21,300 19,740 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 407,125 200,510 206,620 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 42,820 22,450 20,370 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 42,800 22,380 20,420 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 40,200 19,870 20,330 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 43,095 20,195 22,900 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 44,275 20,550 23,720 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 43,780 20,885 22,895 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 42,865 20,965 21,900 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 42,095 21,135 20,965 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 35,815 17,910 17,905 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 29,380 14,165 15,215 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 66,270 30,720 35,550 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 24,895 11,855 13,035 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 17,095 8,300 8,795 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 11,370 5,300 6,065 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 7,065 3,140 3,925 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 5,840 2,120 3,720 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 3,825 1,530 2,290 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,575 485 1,090 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 360 80 285 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 75 15 60 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.3 21.2 19.3 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.6 68.3 68.8 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 11.2 10.5 11.8 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.0 0.7 1.2 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 36.5 35.8 37.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 35.8 34.9 36.7 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 168,010 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 87,550 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 17,535 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 62,905 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 23,035 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 20,670 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 11,235 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,945 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 168,010 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 20,820 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 34,495 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 31,210 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 39,420 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 42,060 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 590,945 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 3.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 473,395 231,230 242,165 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 281,360 140,610 140,750 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 262,150 131,025 131,125 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 19,210 9,590 9,630 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 192,035 90,620 101,420 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 139,855 74,635 65,220 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 11,990 4,600 7,390 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 19,960 7,420 12,535 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 20,230 3,960 16,270 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 164,525 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 56,460 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 39,955 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 47,710 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,395 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 164,525 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 135,955 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 126,360 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,600 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 28,565 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 23,475 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 5,090 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,960 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 41,360 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 94,600 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 31,035 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 44,440 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 19,125 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 28,565 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 15,100 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 8,920 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 4,545 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 59,490 27,955 31,535 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 168,010 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 123,170 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 25,755 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 97,415 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 19,475 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 25,365 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 20,820 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,545 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 591,670 292,690 298,975 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 532,650 268,950 263,690 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 500 215 280 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 30,200 13,075 17,120 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 28,325 10,445 17,880 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 591,670 292,690 298,980 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 554,455 278,140 276,315 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 4,935 2,285 2,650 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 4,350 2,010 2,335 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 27,935 10,260 17,680 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,105 3,290 3,820 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 591,670 292,690 298,980 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 560,895 277,335 283,565 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 289,355 143,270 146,080 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 284,920 141,210 143,710 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 4,430 2,060 2,375 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 271,545 134,065 137,480 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 25 10 10 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 5 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 271,520 134,055 137,465 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,195 4,155 4,045 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 640 300 335 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 55 25 25 1,445 720 730
Somali 580 270 305 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 7,475 3,815 3,665 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 265 140 125 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 4,205 2,170 2,035 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,890 945 940 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 335 155 175 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 35 25 20 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 25 20 10 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 455 230 220 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 115 50 70 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 70 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 80 30 45 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,845 2,295 2,550 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 215 90 120 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 4,615 2,195 2,415 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 11,885 5,085 6,800 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 40 20 20 595 260 330
Cebuano 415 190 230 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 10 0 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 100 45 55 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 500 210 295 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 190 80 110 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 160 80 80 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 35 15 20 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,345 4,400 5,945 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 30 10 15 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 760 380 380 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 435 225 210 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 315 150 165 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 17,170 8,435 8,740 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 360 175 185 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 2,635 1,310 1,320 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 12,695 6,195 6,500 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 1,445 740 705 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 214,370 107,020 107,350 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 265 130 135 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 200 100 100 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 8,665 4,125 4,540 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 80 45 30 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 45 30 15 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 35 20 15 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 8,590 4,080 4,505 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 175 95 80 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 145 80 65 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,090 540 545 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 235 115 115 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 315 150 160 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 4,595 2,170 2,425 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 675 295 385 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 500 250 250 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 65 30 35 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 200 90 110 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 160 75 85 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 425 185 240 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 30 10 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10 450 210 240
Welsh 5 5 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 2,550 1,105 1,445 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 25 10 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 90 40 50 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 915 370 545 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 35 10 25 1,240 630 620
German 1,425 655 770 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 10 940 405 540
Swedish 30 15 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 5 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 745 370 380 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 172,600 87,030 85,565 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 168,560 84,980 83,580 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 2,615 1,300 1,315 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 16,750 8,370 8,380 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 14,070 6,945 7,125 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 50 25 25 345 170 175
Konkani 270 125 145 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 675 340 340 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 1,090 540 545 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 65 35 35 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110,715 56,165 54,545 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 540 270 270 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,530 750 775 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 20,200 10,115 10,085 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 3,790 1,935 1,855 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 105 65 40 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 670 330 340 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 3,015 1,540 1,475 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 245 115 130 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 29,310 14,140 15,170 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 5 0 285 150 135
Italian 6,975 3,530 3,445 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 10,590 5,140 5,450 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 590 265 330 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 11,140 5,205 5,930 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 420 200 215
Japanese 135 50 85 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 395 185 215 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 5,190 2,450 2,735 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 2,670 1,265 1,405 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 195 80 115 1,140 475 670
Ewe 55 25 30 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 115 45 65 600 275 325
Ganda 55 25 25 760 360 400
Igbo 345 175 170 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 35 20 15 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 10 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 20 1,330 545 785
Shona 70 35 35 1,455 660 790
Swahili 305 140 165 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 10 5 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 855 420 435 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 410 195 220 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 110 60 55 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 30 15 15 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 40 45 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,505 3,010 3,495 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 6,330 2,920 3,420 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 3,290 1,520 1,770 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 155 75 90 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 2,335 1,070 1,265 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 300 140 160 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 30 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 80 100 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 175 95 80 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 85 45 40 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 10 5 5 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 20 10 10 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 560 250 310 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 485 230 260 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 70 20 55 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 25 10 15
Turkic languages 470 250 220 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 440 240 200 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 10 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 760 355 400 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 55 25 35 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 55 30 25 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 650 305 340 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 30,770 15,360 15,415 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,165 515 650 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 28,550 14,380 14,170 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 405 170 240 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 650 295 355 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 591,670 292,690 298,975 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 512,270 252,805 259,460 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 347,640 171,585 176,055 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 345,390 170,530 174,865 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 2,255 1,055 1,195 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 164,630 81,220 83,405 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 5 5 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 164,610 81,215 83,400 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,000 1,970 2,030 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 260 120 130 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 20 10 10 805 380 425
Somali 240 115 125 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 3,705 1,830 1,870 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 95 45 45 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 2,060 1,020 1,035 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,120 545 570 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 165 80 80 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 10 5 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 5 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 100 50 55 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 50 25 25 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,240 1,535 1,705 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 65 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 3,100 1,470 1,630 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 4,725 2,195 2,530 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 165 80 85 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 5 5 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 910 385 530
Ilocano 175 80 90 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 50 25 25 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30 25 445 200 250
Pangasinan 10 0 5 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,240 1,955 2,280 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 5 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 420 215 210 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 270 140 130 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 150 75 80 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 11,005 5,350 5,650 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 180 90 90 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 1,395 690 705 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 8,535 4,115 4,420 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 875 440 425 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 133,770 66,450 67,320 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 110 50 55 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 85 40 45 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 3,980 1,940 2,040 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 5 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 5 0 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 3,965 1,935 2,030 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 0 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 90 45 45 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 85 40 40 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 375 190 190 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 90 45 45 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 110 50 60 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 2,340 1,140 1,200 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 395 195 200 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 225 110 115 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 60 25 35 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 125 55 65 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 0 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 205 85 120 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 5 0 755 365 390
Danish 5 5 0 280 135 150
Dutch 65 20 40 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 5 90 45 45
German 125 60 70 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 200 85 110 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 116,945 58,445 58,500 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 114,550 57,260 57,285 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 1,630 785 845 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 10,695 5,240 5,455 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 7,355 3,575 3,780 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 10 5 5 65 30 35
Konkani 55 25 30 540 260 280
Marathi 350 185 165 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 720 370 355 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 25 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 79,705 40,160 39,545 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 285 145 145 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 745 360 380 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 12,950 6,390 6,565 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 2,290 1,135 1,155 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 45 25 20 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 415 210 210 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 1,825 905 920 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 45 60 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 12,255 5,805 6,450 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 1,795 835 965 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 4,350 2,090 2,255 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 220 110 115 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 5,875 2,770 3,105 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 65 35 35 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 245 115 130 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 5 5 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 1,860 850 1,010 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 1,145 515 630 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 35 15 25 305 120 180
Ewe 10 0 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 30 15 15 175 80 100
Ganda 25 15 10 195 85 110
Igbo 90 50 45 540 265 275
Lingala 5 0 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 30 20 15 455 210 245
Swahili 60 25 35 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 0 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 315 140 175 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 175 100 70 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 55 30 25 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 75 50 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,275 1,995 2,280 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 4,200 1,955 2,245 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 2,130 975 1,150 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 70 30 35 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,710 810 900 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 65 75 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 45 55 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 45 35 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 55 35 25 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 5 5 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 10 5 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 260 120 145 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 235 105 125 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 25 10 15 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 280 150 135 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 265 145 125 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 5 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 235 115 120 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 10 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 10 5 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 215 105 110 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 465 245 225
Multiple responses 79,400 39,885 39,515 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,275 575 705 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 76,670 38,655 38,015 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 195 90 105 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 1,255 570 685 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 591,670 292,690 298,980 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 445,160 219,095 226,065 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 68,235 35,345 32,890 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 3,520 1,495 2,020 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 72,140 35,435 36,705 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 15 5 10 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 72,125 35,430 36,700 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 315 145 170 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 1,720 930 800 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 555 240 320 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 470,765 230,070 240,695 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 440,925 215,975 224,955 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,092 33,632 25,411 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 440,980 215,980 224,995 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,086 30,850 24,120 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 383,575 195,185 188,390 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,961 35,025 25,105 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,280 141,155 182,125 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,217 863 4,117 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 343,015 178,030 164,980 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,399 35,851 27,615 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 470,770 230,010 240,755 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 441,165 215,930 225,240 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,647 42,731 32,774 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 441,240 215,940 225,300 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,380 36,093 28,821 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 383,730 195,130 188,605 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,154 43,768 32,346 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 322,605 140,435 182,165 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,100 4,887 7,034 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 343,010 177,985 165,025 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,983 43,980 33,592 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 470,765 230,010 240,755 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 161,100 91,995 69,105 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,741 52,949 44,507 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,518 59,617 50,061 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.2 92.6 82.6 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 80.6 84.7 75.4 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.8 7.4 17.4 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 470,765 230,075 240,690 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 29,835 14,095 15,740 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 440,925 215,980 224,955 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 93.7 93.9 93.5 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 80,940 35,630 45,310 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 83,545 35,795 47,750 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 60,650 27,335 33,315 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 51,510 24,085 27,425 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 44,575 21,120 23,455 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 33,955 17,965 15,995 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 24,840 14,460 10,380 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 18,030 11,250 6,780 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 12,970 8,265 4,705 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 10,010 6,010 4,005 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 19,900 14,065 5,840 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 15,310 10,610 4,700 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 4,590 3,455 1,135 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 470,770 230,070 240,695 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 29,790 14,085 15,700 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 440,980 215,980 224,995 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 93.7 93.9 93.5 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 81,640 35,870 45,770 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 87,195 37,655 49,545 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 70,265 31,885 38,375 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 60,935 28,855 32,080 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 50,480 25,705 24,775 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 33,910 19,585 14,325 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 21,890 13,660 8,230 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 14,705 8,975 5,725 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 19,965 13,790 6,175 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 8,220 5,265 2,950 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 4,375 3,105 1,270 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 7,370 5,420 1,950 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 470,765 230,070 240,690 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 127,755 52,035 75,715 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 343,015 178,035 164,975 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 72.9 77.4 68.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 40,180 18,440 21,740 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 29,815 12,785 17,030 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 51,830 25,290 26,540 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 43,035 20,900 22,135 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 40,180 19,160 21,025 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 35,910 17,600 18,310 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 28,250 15,695 12,555 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 20,810 12,775 8,035 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 15,705 10,120 5,590 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 37,290 25,275 12,015 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 11,460 7,455 4,010 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 9,025 5,480 3,545 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 16,810 12,340 4,470 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 168,010 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,290 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,156 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 20,820 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,735 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,871 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 147,190 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,516 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,547 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 168,010 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 98,855 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 85,038 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 20,855 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,524 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,254 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 147,160 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,846 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,243 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 168,010 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,445 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,150 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,955 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,015 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,670 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,010 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,725 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,335 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,800 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,050 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,550 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,920 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,560 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,140 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,625 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 69,070 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,870 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 17,280 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,635 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,285 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 168,010 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,520 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,155 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,995 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,130 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,040 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,435 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,410 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,275 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,030 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,355 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,590 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,220 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,070 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,055 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,610 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,110 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,515 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,060 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,535 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 145,820 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,283 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,739 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 25,015 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,608 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,730 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 93,055 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,500 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,498 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.5 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 22,630 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,047 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,552 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 145,730 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,835 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,470 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 25,120 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,336 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,906 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 92,960 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,352 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,479 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 22,500 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,849 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,036 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 36,205 19,405 16,795 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,941 34,749 30,886 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,056 31,550 28,496 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 36,135 19,560 16,575 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,865 42,186 39,307 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,558 35,297 33,686 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 590,950 292,350 298,600 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 308,210 150,740 157,475 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 42,680 21,245 21,435 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 58,100 27,970 30,130 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 66,905 32,420 34,480 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 70,305 34,490 35,810 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 70,220 34,605 35,610 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 282,740 141,610 141,125 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 68,310 33,885 34,430 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 65,575 32,580 32,995 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 60,805 30,490 30,315 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 54,730 27,620 27,115 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 33,315 17,040 16,275 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 590,950 292,350 298,600 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 145,185 75,230 69,960 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 45,390 23,520 21,870 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 381,250 186,915 194,330 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 64,515 30,205 34,310 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 66,960 32,415 34,545 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 23,395 12,195 11,200 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 7,885 4,125 3,760 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 37,915 17,920 19,995 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 5,650 2,305 3,345 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.3 11.1 11.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 16.2 16.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.4 17.5 17.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.6 10.3 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 8.8 7.6 9.7 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 52,685 26,065 26,615 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 16,890 8,820 8,075 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 5,810 3,050 2,760 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 32,175 15,860 16,310 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 3,620 1,385 2,235 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.9 8.9 8.9 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 11.6 11.7 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 12.8 13.0 12.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.4 8.5 8.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 5.6 4.6 6.5 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 590,945 292,350 298,595 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 562,640 281,825 280,815 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 562,260 281,685 280,580 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 30,535 13,205 17,330 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 341,190 168,870 172,315 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 55 25 30 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 45 20 25 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 15 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 10 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 341,140 168,850 172,285 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,305 5,735 5,565 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 15 10 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 20 10 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 955 425 535 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 70 25 45 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 890 400 485 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 10,265 5,275 4,990 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 605 285 320 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 7,300 3,825 3,475 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,265 1,130 1,135 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 385 175 210 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 90 50 45 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 95 55 40 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 550 265 285 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 230 105 125 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 190 95 90 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 170 65 105 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,210 2,850 3,360 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 240 75 165 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 5,965 2,780 3,185 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 0 25 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 15,005 6,440 8,560 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 45 20 20 755 340 425
Cebuano 660 290 370 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 10 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 130 45 85 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 720 255 460 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 485 225 260 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 185 75 110 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 40 20 20 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,180 6,100 8,085 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 2,450 1,120 1,335 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 70 40 30 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 1,015 490 525 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,370 590 785 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 22,995 11,425 11,570 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 765 375 395 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 3,360 1,700 1,655 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 17,580 8,720 8,860 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 2,190 1,130 1,055 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 40 35 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 268,395 134,505 133,890 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 375 180 200 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 365 170 195 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 10,140 4,890 5,245 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 120 50 70 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 45 15 30 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 75 35 35 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 10,035 4,840 5,195 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 20 10 15 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 300 155 150 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 145 75 70 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,460 735 725 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 260 135 125 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 440 195 245 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 5,210 2,540 2,675 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,240 595 645 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 645 340 305 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 45 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 230 95 140 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 100 140 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 645 265 380 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 40 20 20 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 20 0 15 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 3,730 1,740 1,990 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 120 50 70 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 120 75 45 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 1,045 430 615 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 35 10 25 1,655 820 835
German 2,365 1,145 1,220 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 50 30 20 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 70 35 25 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 15 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 995 510 490 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 214,065 108,340 105,725 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 210,255 106,470 103,785 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 3,215 1,585 1,630 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 21,885 10,975 10,910 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 67,515 33,875 33,645 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 145 70 75 600 300 300
Konkani 545 260 285 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 1,410 730 685 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 1,260 650 620 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 80 45 40 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 141,995 72,660 69,340 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 765 370 395 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,410 1,225 1,190 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 32,075 16,185 15,890 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 4,365 2,140 2,225 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 130 75 50 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 970 490 475 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 3,550 1,730 1,815 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 635 305 330 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 39,975 19,325 20,650 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 10,125 5,175 4,950 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 13,940 6,800 7,145 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 760 350 410 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 16,385 7,600 8,785 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 360 155 200 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 380 140 235 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 9,730 4,665 5,065 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 4,075 1,910 2,165 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 20 10 15 385 195 185
Edo 415 190 225 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 60 30 35 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 35 20 700 320 375
Ga 310 175 140 1,340 645 695
Ganda 70 30 40 1,225 550 675
Igbo 615 320 295 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 285 125 160 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 45 70 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 110 45 70 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 1,085 555 530 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 40 25 15 730 355 375
Yoruba 2,155 1,040 1,110 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 810 420 395 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 15 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 515 265 255 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 220 100 125 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 295 160 130 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,085 3,855 4,230 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 7,860 3,720 4,135 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 4,330 2,035 2,300 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 180 75 100 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 3,695 1,720 1,980 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 385 210 175 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 45 60 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 105 115 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 235 135 105 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 65 30 35 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 60 35 25 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 65 45 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 800 410 390 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 715 365 355 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 160 85 75 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 695 365 330 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 670 360 315 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 10 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 940 445 500 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 60 20 40 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 65 35 30 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 815 385 430 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 385 220 165 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 590,950 292,350 298,600 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 508,835 252,265 256,565 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 136,500 70,815 65,685 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 372,330 181,455 190,880 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 82,115 40,080 42,030 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 590,950 292,350 298,600 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 272,365 137,915 134,450 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 308,790 149,070 159,725 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 49,655 23,480 26,175 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 41,145 20,155 20,990 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 77,800 37,590 40,210 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 100,280 48,550 51,735 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 53,115 25,660 27,445 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 47,165 22,885 24,280 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 39,915 19,295 20,620 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,790 5,365 4,425 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 308,790 149,070 159,725 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 24,250 12,585 11,665 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 46,360 23,365 22,995 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 77,995 33,925 44,070 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 121,350 61,675 59,680 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 38,840 17,520 21,320 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 308,795 149,070 159,720 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 61,640 27,580 34,055 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 390 125 265 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,050 475 580 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,425 720 705 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 13,855 6,460 7,395 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 285 180 105 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 23,215 9,905 13,315 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 510 205 310 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 610 255 360 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 7,695 3,475 4,220 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,990 1,420 1,570 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 9,605 4,375 5,235 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 35,160 17,005 18,155 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 445 245 200 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 765 340 420 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 345 125 215 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 1,280 665 620 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 560 285 270 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 410 175 235 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 420 200 215 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 4,945 2,650 2,295 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 805 330 470 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 3,615 1,715 1,900 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 8,450 4,270 4,180 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 635 305 330 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 375 140 240 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 365 205 160 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 405 165 235 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,675 3,870 4,805 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 2,670 1,315 1,355 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 16,065 7,830 8,230 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 65 35 30 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 935 445 490 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 510 255 250 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 1,515 760 755 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 105 55 50 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 3,990 1,955 2,040 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 545 245 295 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 485 240 245 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 7,915 3,840 4,075 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 195,235 96,335 98,900 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 2,480 1,160 1,320 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 1,770 870 905 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,900 1,310 1,590 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 870 420 445 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 123,660 61,730 61,935 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 595 345 250 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 3,355 1,760 1,595 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 130 45 85 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 285 120 165 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 705 370 335 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 19,255 9,750 9,505 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 14,530 6,345 8,185 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 12,005 5,965 6,040 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 270 135 140 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 220 85 135 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 4,975 2,355 2,625 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 7,230 3,585 3,645 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 695 310 385 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 39,915 19,295 20,620 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 4,945 2,445 2,500 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 75 25 50 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 160 60 105 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 105 45 60 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 90 55 35 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 2,025 1,060 965 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 110 45 60 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 675 350 325 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 35 15 20 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 1,675 790 885 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 915 445 480 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 40 15 25 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 40 25 15 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 10 880 400 480