Census Profile, 2016 Census
Halton, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Halton, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Halton, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Halton, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 548,435 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 501,674 r ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.3 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 198,164 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 192,977 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 568.9 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 964.05 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 548,435 266,350 282,085 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 107,215 54,955 52,260 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 30,600 15,665 14,935 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 37,970 19,425 18,550 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 38,640 19,870 18,775 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 359,410 175,205 184,205 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 36,440 18,625 17,815 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 31,910 16,620 15,290 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 26,185 13,025 13,165 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 30,420 14,000 16,420 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 37,930 17,475 20,460 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 43,580 20,915 22,660 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 44,370 21,640 22,730 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 43,045 21,150 21,895 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 36,820 18,125 18,695 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 28,700 13,630 15,070 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 81,810 36,190 45,620 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 25,465 11,735 13,725 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 19,665 9,120 10,545 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 14,640 6,655 7,985 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 10,795 4,630 6,165 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 11,245 4,050 7,190 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 7,110 2,820 4,290 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 3,310 1,045 2,265 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 720 175 550 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 100 15 85 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.5 20.6 18.5 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 65.5 65.8 65.3 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.9 13.6 16.2 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.5 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.4 38.4 40.4 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.5 39.6 41.3 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 192,980 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 112,875 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,890 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 58,135 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,140 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 33,815 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,565 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,395 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 215 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 75 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 192,980 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 37,660 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 57,970 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 34,005 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 41,485 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 21,855 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 540,980 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 441,220 211,395 229,825 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 276,820 138,070 138,750 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 249,100 124,250 124,850 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 27,720 13,820 13,905 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 164,395 73,325 91,070 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 109,315 57,430 51,890 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 11,205 4,435 6,770 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 21,825 7,145 14,685 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 22,050 4,320 17,725 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 156,535 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 63,340 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 35,150 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 42,205 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 15,850 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 156,535 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 135,605 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 121,760 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 13,845 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,930 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 16,655 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 4,280 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,605 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 51,365 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 84,245 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 28,320 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 40,485 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 15,445 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,930 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 11,975 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 6,830 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 2,125 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 56,975 23,225 33,745 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 192,975 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 146,465 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 47,170 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 99,295 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,890 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 41,625 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 37,660 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,960 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 544,020 264,660 279,360 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 484,060 239,545 244,515 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 380 160 220 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 52,665 22,295 30,370 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 6,920 2,660 4,260 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 544,025 264,660 279,365 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 524,050 256,185 267,865 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 9,155 4,040 5,110 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 4,040 1,845 2,195 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 6,780 2,590 4,190 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,170 4,965 6,205 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 1.9 2.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 544,020 264,660 279,360 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 528,785 257,245 271,540 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 394,090 193,360 200,725 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 385,160 189,415 195,750 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 8,930 3,945 4,980 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 134,695 63,885 70,810 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 20 5 15 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 5 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 10 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 10 0 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 5 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,675 63,875 70,800 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,005 5,560 5,445 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 25 15 10 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 120 50 65 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 25 5 15 1,445 720 730
Somali 95 50 55 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 10,850 5,490 5,360 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 70 30 35 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 9,875 5,040 4,830 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 130 150 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 50 70 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 5 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 95 55 45 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 285 120 165 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 45 25 25 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,380 595 780 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,335 580 755 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 6,125 2,370 3,755 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 215 80 130 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 5 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 55 25 30 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 200 90 110 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 280 115 165 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 40 55 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 10 5 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,200 1,980 3,215 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 170 85 80 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 105 55 50 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 2,495 1,235 1,255 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 115 60 55 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 575 285 295 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 1,370 675 700 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 410 210 205 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 90,635 43,450 47,185 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 635 310 325 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 300 150 150 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 24,880 11,495 13,385 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 545 225 320 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 190 75 115 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 360 150 210 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 24,340 11,270 13,065 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 15 10 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 265 125 140 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 530 260 270 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 4,035 1,990 2,045 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 615 265 350 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 700 335 365 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 8,785 3,990 4,795 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 3,485 1,540 1,945 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 2,695 1,295 1,400 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 275 125 150 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 700 320 375 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 385 165 215 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 1,815 815 995 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 65 30 35 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 450 210 240
Welsh 35 20 15 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 7,480 3,390 4,090 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 340 155 185 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 310 145 160 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 2,250 1,060 1,185 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 30 15 10 1,240 630 620
German 4,230 1,875 2,355 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 20 10 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 65 30 35 940 405 540
Swedish 145 65 80 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 20 40 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 25 10 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,425 710 720 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 29,120 14,420 14,705 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 25,490 12,625 12,865 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 855 435 420 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 2,040 985 1,055 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 2,680 1,310 1,370 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 50 20 30 345 170 175
Konkani 130 65 75 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 205 100 110 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 120 50 70 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 30 20 15 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,585 3,265 3,320 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 275 140 135 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 480 230 250 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 12,035 6,015 6,020 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 3,500 1,720 1,780 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 90 45 40 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 580 275 305 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 2,835 1,395 1,430 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 130 75 60 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 26,730 12,940 13,785 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 7,060 3,645 3,420 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 7,335 3,580 3,755 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 2,200 1,035 1,165 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 10,095 4,670 5,425 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 420 200 215
Japanese 410 130 280 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 3,505 1,615 1,890 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 795 365 430 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 220 95 130 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 15 5 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 15 5 10 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 15 5 10 600 275 325
Ganda 10 10 5 760 360 400
Igbo 55 25 30 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 10 0 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 65 30 30 1,455 660 790
Swahili 80 35 45 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 170 90 85 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 15 20 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 200 100 100 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 140 70 70 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 30 30 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,675 6,800 7,875 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 14,590 6,760 7,825 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 3,365 1,530 1,835 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 85 30 50 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 10,335 4,805 5,525 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 315 145 170 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 195 95 100 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 140 150 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 85 40 45 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 35 20 20 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 30 15 15 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 215 80 135 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 70 30 40 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 145 50 100 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,040 535 510 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 40 20 20 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 950 480 470 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 25 15 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 0 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,955 915 1,035 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 160 80 85 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 245 100 150 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,540 735 810 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 15,235 7,415 7,820 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,595 740 855 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 12,690 6,250 6,440 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 430 195 235 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 525 235 290 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 544,020 264,665 279,360 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 512,385 249,415 262,970 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 451,570 220,380 231,190 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 448,015 218,720 229,295 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 3,555 1,660 1,895 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 60,815 29,035 31,785 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,815 29,035 31,785 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,170 2,515 2,655 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 5 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 45 15 30 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 5 805 380 425
Somali 40 15 30 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 5,115 2,495 2,620 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 30 10 15 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 4,745 2,330 2,415 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 115 50 65 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 60 25 35 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 40 20 20 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 55 25 25 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 20 10 10 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 660 300 365 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 655 295 360 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 2,350 1,030 1,325 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 5 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 70 30 40 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 910 385 530
Ilocano 65 25 35 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 90 40 50 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 10 15 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,065 895 1,165 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 65 30 35 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 1,180 560 615 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 40 20 20 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 240 115 120 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 690 325 370 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 215 100 105 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 37,555 18,000 19,550 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 225 120 110 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 120 55 65 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 10,245 4,910 5,335 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 140 65 70 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 35 15 20 860 350 515
Lithuanian 100 50 50 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 10,105 4,840 5,265 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 120 60 60 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 290 150 140 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 1,280 605 675 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 165 80 85 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 285 130 155 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 3,675 1,755 1,915 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 2,190 1,035 1,155 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 1,230 605 630 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 95 45 50 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 235 115 115 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 30 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 465 225 240 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 355 160 190
Celtic languages 15 10 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 5 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 895 425 470 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 130 55 70 755 365 390
Danish 20 5 10 280 135 150
Dutch 175 85 90 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 515 240 275 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 10 5 5 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 0 5 70 30 40
Swedish 40 25 20 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 310 145 165 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 15,205 7,355 7,855 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 13,180 6,405 6,775 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 475 235 240 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 960 440 520 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 1,105 530 575 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 0 5 65 30 35
Konkani 30 15 15 540 260 280
Marathi 80 40 40 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 65 35 35 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,565 1,740 1,825 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 105 50 55 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 190 90 100 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 6,595 3,230 3,365 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 1,970 920 1,050 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 45 25 25 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 345 160 180 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 1,580 730 850 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 10,540 4,990 5,550 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 1,150 495 650 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 2,435 1,160 1,275 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 985 460 525 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 5,955 2,870 3,085 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 110 50 60
Japanese 130 60 65 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 2,340 1,100 1,245 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 150 55 95 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 60 15 40 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 5 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 5 0 540 265 275
Lingala 5 5 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 20 10 5 455 210 245
Swahili 10 5 10 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 0 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 25 5 15 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 285 140 145 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 185 90 95 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 50 50 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,820 4,695 5,120 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 9,785 4,680 5,105 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,635 785 845 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 15 5 10 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 7,725 3,690 4,035 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 110 55 55 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 125 65 65 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 90 90 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 20 20 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 15 10 10 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 10 5 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 95 40 50 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 20 10 15 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 70 30 35 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 530 270 260 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 500 250 250 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 15 10 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 475 230 245 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 20 10 10 790 290 500
Finnish 45 30 20 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 415 195 215 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 31,635 15,245 16,390 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,255 575 675 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 29,460 14,260 15,200 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 110 45 70 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 810 365 440 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 544,025 264,660 279,360 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 457,960 224,140 233,820 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 32,050 15,695 16,355 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 6,745 2,850 3,895 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 45,645 21,240 24,410 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 10 5 5 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 45,630 21,235 24,400 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 350 155 195 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 565 275 290 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 695 305 390 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 433,845 208,575 225,270 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 414,995 199,625 215,375 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,577 52,979 35,067 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 415,105 199,645 215,460 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,779 45,755 31,629 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 388,030 190,215 197,810 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,212 52,274 32,748 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 278,820 118,770 160,050 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,716 899 3,878 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 327,610 167,275 160,335 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,556 52,445 35,370 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 433,845 208,570 225,275 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 415,130 199,760 215,370 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,762 82,349 48,449 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 415,265 199,795 215,465 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,228 61,595 39,687 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 388,265 190,275 197,985 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,579 82,799 47,069 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 278,800 119,045 159,755 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,495 5,841 6,982 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 327,605 166,985 160,630 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 63,534 79,267 47,179 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 433,845 208,570 225,275 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 167,465 94,250 73,210 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 68,481 76,851 59,762 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 90,417 106,100 70,227 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.3 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.4 80.4 72.8 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.7 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 433,845 208,575 225,275 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 18,850 8,945 9,900 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 414,995 199,625 215,370 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.7 95.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 60,625 24,840 35,780 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 55,380 21,525 33,855 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 44,190 17,490 26,705 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 37,575 15,700 21,875 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 35,955 15,710 20,245 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 31,205 14,580 16,630 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 26,850 13,485 13,365 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 22,000 11,805 10,195 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 19,210 10,450 8,755 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 17,375 9,305 8,075 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 64,620 44,735 19,885 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 37,770 24,690 13,085 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 26,855 20,050 6,800 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 433,845 208,575 225,270 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 18,740 8,925 9,815 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 415,105 199,645 215,460 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 62,650 25,340 37,310 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 58,025 22,625 35,400 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 51,210 20,500 30,710 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 45,955 19,645 26,310 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 43,660 20,095 23,570 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 35,835 18,115 17,720 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 28,645 15,580 13,065 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 24,875 13,680 11,190 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 64,245 44,065 20,180 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 17,520 10,635 6,885 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 11,170 7,390 3,775 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 35,555 26,040 9,520 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 433,845 208,570 225,270 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 106,235 41,300 64,940 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 327,610 167,275 160,335 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 75.5 80.2 71.2 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 43,435 21,150 22,280 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 24,760 10,705 14,060 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 35,860 15,540 20,315 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 27,595 11,840 15,755 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 25,355 10,685 14,675 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 25,075 10,960 14,115 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 23,105 10,905 12,200 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 20,500 10,500 10,005 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 17,430 9,500 7,930 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 84,490 55,495 29,000 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 15,950 8,800 7,150 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 15,100 8,040 7,055 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 53,445 38,650 14,795 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 192,975 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 103,009 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,183 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 37,660 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,351 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,688 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 155,315 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,408 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,204 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 192,980 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 139,315 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 108,085 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 37,720 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 67,110 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,741 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 155,255 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 156,858 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,532 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 192,975 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,095 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,240 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,255 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,365 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,480 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,295 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,835 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,265 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,430 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,310 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 11,225 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,230 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,905 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,765 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,695 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 99,580 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,360 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,035 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 25,620 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 31,570 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 192,975 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,350 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,295 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,340 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,540 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,035 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,895 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,745 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,365 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,695 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,835 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,030 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,780 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,875 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,410 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,390 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 80,400 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,580 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,595 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 36,230 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 152,760 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,370 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,086 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 46,115 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,760 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,501 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 84,425 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,502 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,554 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 19,255 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 71,677 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,258 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 152,665 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 156,969 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,480 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 46,385 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,751 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,279 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 84,325 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 183,977 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,355 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 19,105 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 89,060 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,296 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 47,400 19,920 27,480 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 43,669 48,387 40,822 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,292 41,747 36,168 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 47,480 19,965 27,510 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 61,514 72,452 53,575 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,694 54,946 44,156 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 540,975 263,490 277,485 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 175,895 82,040 93,855 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 30,550 14,465 16,085 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 30,465 13,485 16,975 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 34,080 15,475 18,605 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 37,605 17,850 19,760 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 43,190 20,770 22,420 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 365,080 181,450 183,635 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 49,605 24,165 25,445 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 56,615 27,720 28,895 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 66,750 33,065 33,685 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 82,425 41,175 41,250 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 109,685 55,325 54,355 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 540,980 263,490 277,490 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 129,300 66,175 63,130 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 37,615 19,280 18,335 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 335,195 162,670 172,525 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 76,480 34,645 41,840 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 44,485 20,350 24,140 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 13,530 6,935 6,595 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 3,460 1,745 1,715 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 25,390 11,510 13,880 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 5,565 1,905 3,665 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.2 7.7 8.7 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.4 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 9.2 9.1 9.4 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 7.6 7.1 8.0 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 7.3 5.5 8.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 32,140 15,010 17,135 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 9,225 4,725 4,500 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 2,285 1,155 1,135 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 19,880 9,260 10,625 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 3,030 1,025 2,010 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.9 5.7 6.2 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 7.1 7.1 7.1 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 6.1 6.0 6.2 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 5.9 5.7 6.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 4.0 3.0 4.8 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 540,975 263,490 277,490 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 534,110 260,835 273,275 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 533,690 260,665 273,025 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 52,710 22,060 30,650 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 171,550 81,395 90,160 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 35 10 25 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 35 10 25 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 10 25 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 35 10 25 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 171,515 81,380 90,135 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,255 7,785 7,470 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 45 15 25 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 120 50 65 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 10 10 10 355 200 160
Oromo 20 10 15 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 90 40 50 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 15,105 7,730 7,375 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 105 45 55 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 13,680 7,045 6,635 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 330 150 185 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 225 120 100 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 590 295 290 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 420 210 215 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 50 30 25 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,665 730 935 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 35 35 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 1,600 695 910 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 7,695 3,000 4,700 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 315 120 190 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 20 10 15 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 55 25 35 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 250 90 155 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 365 160 205 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 30 40 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 15 10 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,175 2,785 4,395 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 600 250 350 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 35 10 20 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 340 140 200 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 230 95 125 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 3,785 1,920 1,865 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 275 140 135 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 990 485 510 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 2,140 1,110 1,030 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 620 305 310 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 118,260 56,580 61,675 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 775 400 375 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 350 190 160 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 29,145 13,730 15,415 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 665 270 395 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 205 95 110 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 460 175 285 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 28,600 13,510 15,095 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 70 40 25 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 445 225 225 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 640 335 310 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 5,820 2,935 2,885 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 900 385 520 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 1,005 510 490 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 10,305 4,595 5,710 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 4,775 2,205 2,565 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 3,440 1,690 1,745 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 280 140 140 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 795 350 450 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 450 210 245 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 2,650 1,225 1,430 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 220 100 115 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 65 25 35 1,480 720 765
Welsh 50 30 20 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 105 45 55 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 11,190 5,140 6,045 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 1,000 460 545 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 345 145 200 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 2,650 1,220 1,430 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 50 25 25 1,655 820 835
German 7,130 3,330 3,800 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 20 10 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 105 35 70 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 270 130 145 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 15 35 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 30 10 20 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,165 1,040 1,130 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 39,505 19,455 20,045 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 35,350 17,420 17,930 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 1,205 595 610 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 2,880 1,330 1,545 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 9,790 4,725 5,070 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 90 50 40 600 300 300
Konkani 260 120 135 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 390 215 170 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 55 15 35 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 55 20 30 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10,730 5,445 5,285 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 585 310 275 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 725 355 370 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 17,340 8,700 8,640 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 4,490 2,210 2,280 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 165 90 70 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 890 425 470 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 3,690 1,810 1,885 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 37,495 17,725 19,765 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 25 10 15 515 275 240
Italian 10,870 5,350 5,525 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 9,515 4,570 4,945 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 2,680 1,275 1,405 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 15,995 7,240 8,750 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 1,355 745 605
Japanese 900 435 460 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 4,095 1,915 2,180 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 2,080 960 1,125 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 470 205 265 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 25 0 20 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 35 20 15 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 60 35 20 1,340 645 695
Ganda 45 20 25 1,225 550 675
Igbo 145 75 75 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 125 60 70 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 30 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 50 30 25 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 410 190 225 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 15 10 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 460 215 250 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 360 170 190 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 50 30 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 15 15 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 850 340 505 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 585 205 380 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 285 145 145 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,685 7,780 8,905 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 16,575 7,725 8,850 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 4,685 2,180 2,505 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 75 30 45 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 12,235 5,625 6,605 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 15 10 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 390 180 215 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 300 140 155 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 375 170 205 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 135 65 70 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 65 30 30 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 50 15 25 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 255 110 150 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 100 45 50 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 170 70 100 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 1,430 735 695 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 90 45 50 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,270 635 635 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 30 20 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 15 10 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 30 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,270 1,060 1,210 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 215 120 95 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 305 130 175 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,755 820 940 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 540,975 263,490 277,490 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 502,490 245,760 256,730 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 122,000 62,150 59,850 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 380,495 183,610 196,880 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 38,485 17,730 20,755 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 540,980 263,490 277,485 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 375,815 185,430 190,385 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 160,165 75,805 84,355 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 48,245 22,860 25,385 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 18,710 8,880 9,830 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 29,940 14,165 15,770 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 42,790 20,210 22,580 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 22,635 10,875 11,765 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 20,155 9,330 10,815 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 20,485 9,695 10,790 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 5,000 2,255 2,750 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 160,165 75,810 84,360 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 18,970 9,330 9,640 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 31,250 15,830 15,420 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 31,895 13,715 18,180 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 65,735 31,145 34,585 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 12,315 5,780 6,530 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 160,165 75,805 84,360 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 21,720 9,775 11,950 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 870 375 495 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 2,265 1,045 1,225 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 420 220 205 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,300 580 715 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 60 30 30 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 2,940 1,245 1,700 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 1,125 480 645 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 925 395 530 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,805 830 970 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,320 2,345 2,980 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 4,685 2,230 2,460 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 61,255 29,190 32,060 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,070 555 510 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 2,490 1,295 1,190 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 625 290 335 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 3,095 1,380 1,720 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 730 385 335 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 875 400 475 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,240 525 710 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 3,785 2,035 1,750 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 2,020 1,005 1,020 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 6,685 2,920 3,765 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 4,680 2,315 2,365 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 2,295 1,045 1,250 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 1,600 740 855 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,235 590 645 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 1,245 555 690 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 21,300 10,255 11,050 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 6,295 2,895 3,395 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 11,070 5,625 5,445 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 105 50 60 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 4,190 2,255 1,935 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 120 70 45 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 770 360 410 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 125 55 70 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 890 455 435 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 100 45 55 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 1,955 935 1,025 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 2,820 1,405 1,415 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 65,445 30,885 34,555 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 1,240 605 640 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 680 330 345 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 9,235 4,160 5,080 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,600 765 830 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 13,685 6,560 7,120 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,800 930 870 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 2,485 1,255 1,230 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 305 70 235 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 3,180 1,475 1,710 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 1,000 525 475 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 11,200 5,665 5,535 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 7,255 3,000 4,260 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 1,695 855 845 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 640 340 305 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 540 215 330 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,450 630 815 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 7,445 3,510 3,935 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 680 335 340 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 20,480 9,695 10,785 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 2,975 1,430 1,545 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 230 115 120 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 305 130 175 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 90 55 35 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 10 10 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 115 80 35 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 285 115 170 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 985 460 525 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 350 180 170 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 615 305 315 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 2,680 1,245 1,435 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 115 55 60 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 80 45 40 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 165 95 70 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 20 15 10 880 400