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Census Profile, 2016 Census
Burlington, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Burlington, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Burlington, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Burlington, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 183,314  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 175,779  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 72,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 71,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 987.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 185.66  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 183,315 87,955 95,360 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 30,670 15,815 14,855 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 9,275 4,750 4,525 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 10,475 5,420 5,060 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 10,915 5,640 5,270 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 117,330 56,865 60,465 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 10,730 5,500 5,230 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 10,175 5,270 4,905 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 9,305 4,605 4,700 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 10,610 4,985 5,625 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 11,795 5,605 6,185 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 13,005 6,235 6,775 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 13,495 6,510 6,980 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 14,350 6,875 7,475 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 13,095 6,310 6,785 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 10,770 4,980 5,795 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 35,320 15,275 20,040 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 10,225 4,620 5,600 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 8,250 3,740 4,515 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 6,460 2,860 3,600 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 4,960 2,095 2,865 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 5,425 1,960 3,460 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 3,400 1,365 2,035 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,615 495 1,120 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 355 95 260 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 50 5 45 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 18.0 15.6 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 64.0 64.7 63.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 19.3 17.4 21.0 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.0 2.2 3.6 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.3 40.9 43.6 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 43.3 41.8 44.6 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 71,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 36,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 22,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 13,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 71,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 17,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 24,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 11,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 12,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 180,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 152,650 72,145 80,510 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 92,680 46,200 46,480 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 81,430 40,610 40,820 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 11,250 5,585 5,660 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 59,970 25,945 34,025 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 36,730 19,280 17,460 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 4,425 1,770 2,655 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 9,305 2,985 6,315 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 9,505 1,910 7,595 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 53,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 25,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 11,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 12,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 53,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 45,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 39,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 6,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 45,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 20,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 24,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 9,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 11,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,080 9,675 14,405 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 71,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 50,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 19,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 31,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 17,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 181,150 87,270 93,880 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 163,410 79,905 83,510 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 95 40 55 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 16,150 6,740 9,410 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 1,495 585 910 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 181,150 87,270 93,885 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 175,885 85,025 90,860 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,970 1,280 1,685 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 835 400 440 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 1,455 565 890 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,385 1,480 1,905 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 181,150 87,265 93,885 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 177,790 85,665 92,125 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 145,580 70,615 74,960 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 142,605 69,345 73,265 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 2,970 1,270 1,695 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 32,210 15,045 17,165 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,205 15,040 17,160 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,475 1,290 1,190 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 10 5 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 30 10 20 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 10 0 5 1,445 720 730
Somali 20 10 10 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 2,435 1,270 1,160 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 20 10 10 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 2,205 1,160 1,045 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 25 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 30 15 10 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 60 25 40 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 5 0 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 370 150 215 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 350 145 205 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,535 575 960 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 55 25 30 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 85 40 45 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 40 10 25 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 15 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,290 470 815 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 25 15 10 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 425 210 215 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 35 15 20 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 150 75 70 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 185 90 100 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 55 30 30 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 22,465 10,600 11,860 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 155 75 85 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 80 45 40 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 6,890 3,110 3,780 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 200 80 120 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 75 30 45 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 125 55 75 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 6,690 3,030 3,660 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 95 50 45 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 115 55 65 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 875 440 440 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 250 105 145 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 150 70 80 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 2,365 1,055 1,310 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 860 365 495 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 905 435 470 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 100 45 55 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 200 85 120 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 70 75 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 600 245 355 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 25 10 15 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 15 5 10 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 3,075 1,345 1,725 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 85 35 40 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 115 55 65 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 1,080 480 595 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 15 10 5 1,240 630 620
German 1,645 710 935 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 15 10 10 210 100 110
Norwegian 20 10 15 940 405 540
Swedish 50 25 30 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 5 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 410 200 205 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 5,135 2,570 2,565 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 4,180 2,105 2,075 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 165 90 75 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 515 260 260 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 515 265 245 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 0 345 170 175
Konkani 15 10 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 40 15 20 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 45 20 25 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,795 885 915 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 40 25 15 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 55 60 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 915 480 435 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 915 445 465 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 20 10 10 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 115 55 65 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 770 380 390 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 6,695 3,240 3,460 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 0 5 285 150 135
Italian 1,845 960 885 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 1,545 770 775 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 620 285 335 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,680 1,220 1,460 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 420 200 215
Japanese 135 50 85 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 795 345 450 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 225 95 125 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 60 25 35 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 15 5 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 30 10 15 1,455 660 790
Swahili 30 15 15 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 5 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 25 10 15 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 35 20 15 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 20 10 10 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,520 1,135 1,385 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 2,490 1,120 1,370 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 765 335 425 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 10 5 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,555 700 850 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 35 35 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 35 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 20 10 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 85 25 60 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 35 10 25 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 55 20 35 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 310 160 150 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 290 145 135 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 790 365 425 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 80 40 45 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 85 25 55 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 625 295 325 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 3,360 1,605 1,755 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 475 225 245 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 2,680 1,290 1,385 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 95 45 50 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 115 45 70 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 181,150 87,270 93,880 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 174,210 84,035 90,175 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 161,350 77,920 83,430 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 160,345 77,455 82,890 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,000 465 540 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 12,865 6,115 6,750 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,860 6,115 6,750 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,205 605 600 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 5 0 5 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,190 605 590 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 10 5 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 1,115 570 545 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 10 5 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 10 5 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 155 65 90 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 155 65 85 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 630 275 360 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 15 10 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 35 15 20 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 10 0 10 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 555 235 320 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 5 0 0 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 200 95 105 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 15 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 65 30 30 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 85 40 45 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 35 15 20 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 8,110 3,880 4,230 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 55 30 25 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 45 20 20 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 2,440 1,150 1,290 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 40 20 25 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 0 10 860 350 515
Lithuanian 30 15 15 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 2,395 1,130 1,265 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 60 35 25 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 70 40 35 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 225 105 125 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 60 30 35 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 40 15 25 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 850 390 460 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 495 240 255 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 345 175 175 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 65 30 40 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 110 50 60 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 5 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 275 125 150 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 30 15 20 755 365 390
Danish 10 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 50 20 25 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 5 0 90 45 45
German 165 75 95 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 10 5 5 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 105 50 50 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 2,785 1,370 1,415 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 2,210 1,095 1,115 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 100 50 45 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 255 115 140 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 225 115 105 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 5 0 540 260 280
Marathi 10 5 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 30 15 15 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,045 505 540 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 10 0 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 510 260 245 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 545 260 285 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 5 5 0 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 80 40 40 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 465 220 245 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 2,410 1,130 1,280 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 205 90 110 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 445 210 235 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 255 120 135 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,510 710 800 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 35 15 20 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 525 230 290 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 45 15 25 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 10 5 5 455 210 245
Swahili 5 5 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 0 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 60 30 25 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 25 15 10 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 20 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,515 710 805 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,505 705 800 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 365 170 195 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,070 500 570 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 15 25 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 10 5 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 50 25 25 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 10 5 5 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 40 20 20 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 145 75 70 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 140 75 65 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 180 85 95 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 15 5 10 790 290 500
Finnish 15 10 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 150 70 75 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 6,940 3,235 3,705 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 350 145 205 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 6,405 3,000 3,405 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 25 10 15 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 160 75 80 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 181,150 87,270 93,880 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 161,185 78,025 83,165 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 6,870 3,325 3,540 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 2,090 870 1,225 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 10,660 4,900 5,770 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 0 0 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 10,665 4,895 5,765 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 65 30 35 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 120 60 60 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 155 60 95 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 149,495 71,145 78,345 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 144,535 68,775 75,760 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,551 52,428 35,614 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 144,580 68,780 75,795 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,699 45,264 32,021 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 135,930 65,665 70,265 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,959 50,414 32,034 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,000 41,745 56,260 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,168 1,668 5,240 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 111,895 56,780 55,115 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,896 49,910 34,803 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 149,495 71,145 78,350 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 144,630 68,820 75,815 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,898 75,934 47,249 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 144,695 68,840 75,860 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,259 58,506 38,961 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 136,020 65,660 70,355 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,465 75,201 44,779 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 98,120 41,895 56,225 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,331 6,868 7,676 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 111,895 56,655 55,240 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 58,974 72,279 45,328 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 149,495 71,145 78,350 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 56,940 31,440 25,505 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,047 74,549 57,775 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 84,835 99,235 67,083 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.8 94.5 87.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 77.6 69.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.2 5.5 12.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 149,495 71,145 78,350 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 4,960 2,370 2,590 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 144,535 68,770 75,760 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.7 96.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,190 7,470 10,720 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 19,435 7,390 12,050 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 16,545 6,295 10,245 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 14,450 6,045 8,405 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 13,450 5,830 7,620 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 11,560 5,470 6,090 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 9,765 4,835 4,930 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 7,865 4,220 3,645 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 6,665 3,670 3,000 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 6,030 3,215 2,815 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 20,580 14,340 6,245 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 12,665 8,395 4,270 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 7,915 5,940 1,980 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 149,495 71,145 78,350 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 4,920 2,365 2,550 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 144,580 68,785 75,795 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.7 96.7 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,020 7,640 11,380 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 20,345 7,775 12,580 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 19,300 7,475 11,825 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 17,600 7,500 10,100 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 16,140 7,465 8,680 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 12,965 6,525 6,445 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 10,155 5,540 4,615 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 8,525 4,740 3,785 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 20,525 14,135 6,390 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 5,990 3,665 2,325 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 3,755 2,505 1,255 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 10,775 7,965 2,820 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 149,495 71,145 78,350 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 37,595 14,365 23,235 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 111,895 56,780 55,115 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 74.8 79.8 70.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,515 7,900 7,610 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 8,340 3,580 4,760 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 12,315 5,300 7,015 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 9,770 4,085 5,680 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 9,075 3,755 5,320 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 8,780 3,805 4,975 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 8,075 3,820 4,250 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 7,015 3,530 3,490 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 5,995 3,280 2,715 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 27,020 17,725 9,295 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 5,280 2,950 2,330 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 5,125 2,680 2,450 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 16,615 12,095 4,515 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 71,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,588  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 17,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 53,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,096  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 71,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 123,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 97,836  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 17,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 60,516  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,766  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 53,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,042  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 71,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 33,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 8,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 9,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 71,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 25,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 10,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 52,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 112,739  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,141  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 24,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,376  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,938  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,564  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 52,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,456  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 126,812  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,284  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 24,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 177,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 138,476  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 82,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,546  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,185 8,615 12,570 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,928 50,468 41,967 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,168 42,884 37,027 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,190 8,680 12,515 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 57,406 64,461 52,513 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,468 51,045 43,293 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 180,125 86,940 93,185 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 59,345 26,945 32,400 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 8,910 4,155 4,755 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 10,070 4,205 5,865 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 11,865 5,265 6,605 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 13,380 6,235 7,145 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 15,130 7,090 8,035 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 120,780 59,995 60,785 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 17,420 8,440 8,985 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 19,660 9,495 10,165 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 22,820 11,265 11,555 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 27,530 13,810 13,715 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 33,350 16,985 16,365 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 180,125 86,945 93,180 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 37,090 19,115 17,975 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 11,245 5,765 5,485 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 110,415 53,310 57,105 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 32,620 14,520 18,105 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,220 5,830 7,395 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,460 1,810 1,645 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 950 495 460 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 7,465 3,275 4,190 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,295 740 1,560 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.3 6.7 7.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 9.3 9.5 9.2 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 8.4 8.6 8.4 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 6.8 6.1 7.3 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 7.0 5.1 8.6 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,330 4,710 5,620 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 2,605 1,370 1,235 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 705 370 340 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 6,335 2,900 3,435 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,395 445 950 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.4 6.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 7.0 7.2 6.9 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 6.3 6.4 6.2 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 5.7 5.4 6.0 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 4.3 3.1 5.2 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 180,125 86,945 93,185 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 178,635 86,380 92,250 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 178,540 86,345 92,195 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 16,140 6,805 9,340 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 40,950 19,195 21,750 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,950 19,195 21,750 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,185 1,570 1,615 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 30 15 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 10 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 20 10 15 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 10 10 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 10 0 10 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 3,150 1,550 1,600 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 30 20 10 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 2,750 1,375 1,375 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 0 35 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 15 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 265 135 135 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 85 30 50 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 455 200 255 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 15 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 420 185 240 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,940 770 1,170 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 80 35 50 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 15 10 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 100 35 70 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 55 20 35 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,830 740 1,090 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 140 75 65 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 65 30 35 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 700 350 345 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 80 40 40 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 310 155 155 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 300 150 155 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 60 35 20 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 29,195 13,840 15,360 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 195 100 95 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 65 40 25 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 8,355 3,880 4,470 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 290 110 175 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 90 40 50 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 200 75 125 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 8,100 3,785 4,315 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 195 100 95 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 75 40 40 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,485 750 730 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 325 155 175 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 200 100 95 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 2,920 1,275 1,645 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,180 565 615 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 1,055 555 500 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 290 115 170 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 85 90 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 870 365 515 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 65 25 40 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 20 15 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 4,395 2,025 2,375 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 275 120 155 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 125 55 75 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 1,230 575 650 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 30 10 15 1,655 820 835
German 2,685 1,235 1,455 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 15 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 30 0 30 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 110 70 40 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 605 335 270 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 6,705 3,335 3,375 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 5,640 2,790 2,850 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 180 80 100 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 755 355 400 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,055 1,025 1,035 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 20 10 10 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 85 50 35 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 0 0 0 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,565 1,295 1,270 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 75 20 50 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 80 80 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,465 765 695 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,090 570 525 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 75 45 25 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 55 30 25 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 995 515 490 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 9,685 4,500 5,190 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 0 10 515 275 240
Italian 2,865 1,385 1,480 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 2,040 940 1,095 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 720 345 380 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 4,455 2,030 2,425 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 220 100 120 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 910 395 515 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 485 215 270 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 110 45 65 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 15 0 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 15 0 15 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 30 15 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 40 25 20 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 20 15 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 105 30 75 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 10 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 30 15 20 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 155 75 75 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 225 105 120 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 140 45 95 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 65 25 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,960 1,345 1,620 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 2,930 1,325 1,605 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 990 420 575 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 10 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,990 890 1,095 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 45 40 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 20 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 45 65 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 20 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 15 10 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 125 50 75 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 40 20 15 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 100 35 60 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 425 225 205 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 380 195 185 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 10 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 10 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,060 510 550 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 125 70 55 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 140 55 80 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 800 390 410 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 180,125 86,945 93,185 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 171,120 82,930 88,190 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 35,920 18,565 17,355 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 135,200 64,365 70,840 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,010 4,015 4,995 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 180,125 86,945 93,180 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 136,680 66,820 69,860 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 42,465 19,640 22,830 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 17,180 7,895 9,280 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 4,965 2,340 2,625 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 6,830 3,040 3,790 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 9,365 4,465 4,900 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 4,725 2,320 2,410 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 4,640 2,145 2,495 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,130 1,900 2,235 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 980 485 495 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 42,470 19,635 22,830 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 5,130 2,415 2,710 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 8,295 4,035 4,260 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 9,285 3,945 5,340 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 16,715 7,855 8,855 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 3,050 1,390 1,655 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 42,465 19,640 22,830 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 5,885 2,620 3,260 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 220 95 125 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 780 410 375 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 110 55 50 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 365 145 210 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 15 10 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 675 305 370 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 265 105 160 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 160 60 100 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 535 235 295 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,570 640 925 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,195 555 645 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 20,820 9,730 11,085 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 310 160 150 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 720 395 325 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 225 115 110 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 1,215 480 735 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 240 145 95 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 390 195 195 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 500 210 285 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 980 555 425 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 995 500 495 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 1,805 790 1,015 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 960 475 485 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 670 280 390 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 375 170 205 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 425 190 230 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 315 140 175 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,775 4,050 4,725 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,925 875 1,050 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 2,550 1,270 1,280 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 40 20 20 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 815 435 385 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 35 25 10 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 240 115 125 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 30 20 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 65 35 30 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 25 0 20 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 565 245 320 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 735 370 365 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 12,995 5,910 7,085 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 185 95 95 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 75 35 45 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,665 730 935 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 290 120 165 108,030 50,945