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Census Profile, 2016 Census
Milton, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Milton, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Milton, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Milton, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 110,128  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 84,362  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 30.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 35,537  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 34,257  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 303.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 363.22  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 110,125 54,510 55,615 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 28,405 14,630 13,775 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 9,315 4,790 4,525 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 10,505 5,455 5,050 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 8,585 4,380 4,205 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 71,580 35,195 36,385 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,375 3,295 3,080 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 5,095 2,695 2,400 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 5,745 2,690 3,050 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 8,735 3,880 4,855 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 10,980 5,105 5,880 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 10,490 5,305 5,190 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 8,185 4,295 3,890 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 6,515 3,320 3,200 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 5,125 2,580 2,545 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 4,335 2,030 2,300 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 10,145 4,690 5,455 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 4,005 1,900 2,105 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 2,570 1,240 1,335 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 1,600 795 805 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 985 425 560 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 980 330 650 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 595 230 370 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 310 85 220 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 60 10 50 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 10 5 10 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 25.8 26.8 24.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 65.0 64.6 65.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 9.2 8.6 9.8 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 0.9 0.6 1.2 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 34.3 33.7 34.9 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 35.3 35.1 35.6 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 34,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 20,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 7,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 34,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 4,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 8,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 8,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 108,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 81,725 39,885 41,840 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 55,750 27,870 27,880 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 50,270 25,140 25,130 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 5,485 2,735 2,750 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 25,970 12,015 13,960 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 18,060 9,595 8,465 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 1,895 730 1,165 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 3,215 1,145 2,070 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 2,800 545 2,255 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 10,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 9,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 27,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 24,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 2,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 8,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 18,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 8,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 8,210 3,570 4,635 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 34,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 27,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 20,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 5,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 4,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 109,380 54,060 55,320 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 98,830 49,730 49,095 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 115 55 65 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 8,745 3,680 5,065 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 1,695 595 1,100 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 109,380 54,055 55,325 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 105,205 52,340 52,865 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,595 710 885 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 930 430 495 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 1,655 575 1,080 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,055 925 1,130 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 109,380 54,060 55,320 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 104,310 51,530 52,785 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 69,370 34,595 34,770 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 67,880 33,925 33,955 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,485 670 820 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 34,940 16,935 18,005 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 34,935 16,935 18,000 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,220 1,620 1,600 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 35 15 15 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 5 1,445 720 730
Somali 30 15 15 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 3,185 1,600 1,585 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 20 10 10 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 2,915 1,470 1,445 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 100 50 50 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 15 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 15 10 5 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 75 35 40 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 25 15 10 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 480 215 260 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 10 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 460 210 250 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,075 880 1,195 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 70 30 45 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 20 5 10 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 35 15 20 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 115 45 60 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 15 25 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,780 755 1,030 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 80 40 35 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 55 35 25 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,235 620 615 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 45 25 25 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 250 125 125 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 700 350 350 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 230 120 115 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 24,820 12,145 12,670 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 150 70 80 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 30 15 15 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 4,235 2,010 2,225 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 50 25 25 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 15 5 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 30 15 10 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 4,185 1,985 2,200 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 60 25 35 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 85 45 40 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 590 310 285 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 75 30 40 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 110 50 60 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 2,055 955 1,100 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 490 215 275 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 340 160 175 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 10 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 65 30 35 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 250 125 125 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 10 10 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 5 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 815 385 430 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 30 15 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 45 20 25 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 240 125 115 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 460 205 255 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 15 5 5 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 5 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 235 110 120 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 13,655 6,795 6,865 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 12,745 6,335 6,410 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 360 180 175 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 795 385 410 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 910 440 465 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 15 10 10 345 170 175
Konkani 40 15 20 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 80 40 45 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 60 30 30 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,055 1,020 1,035 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 135 65 65 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 55 60 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 8,180 4,085 4,095 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 875 440 440 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 25 20 10 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 175 85 85 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 675 335 340 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 5,690 2,755 2,935 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 1,195 630 570 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 1,510 740 770 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 380 180 205 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,605 1,205 1,400 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 50 15 35 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 365 180 185 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 250 125 130 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 70 35 35 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 0 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 10 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 5 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 10 5 10 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 0 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 20 15 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 30 15 15 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 55 30 25 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 105 50 50 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 85 40 45 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,805 820 990 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,795 805 985 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 555 245 305 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 5 5 5 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,115 505 610 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 20 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 15 10 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 20 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 10 5 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 20 0 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 170 85 85 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 145 70 75 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 10 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 225 120 115 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 10 5 5 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 35 15 15 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 185 95 95 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 5,065 2,525 2,540 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 345 155 185 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,470 2,260 2,210 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 105 40 60 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 155 75 80 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 109,380 54,060 55,320 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 98,780 48,770 50,015 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 82,150 40,755 41,395 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 81,450 40,425 41,030 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 695 330 365 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 16,630 8,015 8,620 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,635 8,015 8,615 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,585 765 820 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 5 5 5 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,575 760 815 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 5 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 1,475 720 755 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 25 25 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 10 5 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 15 10 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 5 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 250 110 140 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 245 110 135 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 750 335 415 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 5 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 15 5 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 5 5 5 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 45 25 25 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 665 295 370 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 40 20 25 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 635 305 325 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 15 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 110 55 60 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 395 190 210 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 105 55 55 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 11,705 5,670 6,035 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 60 30 30 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 10 5 5 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,755 860 900 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 5 5 0 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 5 5 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,750 855 895 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 15 5 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 40 15 20 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 175 80 95 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 20 10 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 40 20 20 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 895 440 455 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 295 140 155 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 145 70 80 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 10 5 0 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 95 55 45 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 5 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 90 40 50 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 15 5 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 60 25 30 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 0 5 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 40 20 20 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 7,455 3,630 3,820 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 7,000 3,405 3,590 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 225 110 115 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 450 215 240 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 390 185 205 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 10 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 40 20 20 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 35 15 15 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,105 550 555 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 60 30 30 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 20 30 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 4,635 2,255 2,375 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 450 225 225 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 15 10 5 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 95 45 50 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 335 165 170 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 2,290 1,085 1,205 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 215 100 120 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 375 180 195 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 180 85 95 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,515 725 785 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 20 10 5 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 225 110 110 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 40 15 25 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 5 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 5 5 0 455 210 245
Swahili 0 0 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 0 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 140 65 75 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 120 55 65 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,100 525 570 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,095 525 570 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 275 125 145 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 760 365 390 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 5 15 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 5 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 5 0 5 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 0 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 90 50 45 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 770 385 380
Turkish 75 35 40 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 10 10 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 45 20 25 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 0 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 50 25 25 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 10,600 5,285 5,310 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 295 150 145 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 10,000 5,010 4,990 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 25 10 15 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 270 120 155 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 109,380 54,055 55,320 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 86,785 43,155 43,630 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 8,755 4,375 4,380 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,125 475 650 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 12,260 5,850 6,410 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 5 0 5 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 12,255 5,845 6,410 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 110 50 60 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 195 90 105 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 150 65 85 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 80,560 39,280 41,275 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,700 37,495 39,200 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,682 52,860 34,384 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,705 37,500 39,210 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,943 45,514 31,359 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,600 35,660 34,940 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,940 53,369 33,649 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 51,955 21,735 30,225 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,407 638 3,808 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,405 32,725 30,675 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,594 54,458 35,931 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 80,560 39,285 41,275 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,675 37,555 39,120 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,687 64,558 43,250 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,680 37,560 39,120 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,685 51,260 36,413 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,640 35,730 34,910 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,934 65,002 42,604 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 51,745 21,790 29,955 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,919 4,672 6,827 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,405 32,830 30,575 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,954 63,808 43,372 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 80,560 39,280 41,275 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 34,525 19,810 14,710 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,106 70,611 56,986 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 73,291 80,976 62,943 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.6 95.8 88.1 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 83.2 86.4 78.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 4.2 11.9 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 80,555 39,280 41,275 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,865 1,785 2,075 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 76,695 37,495 39,205 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.5 95.0 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,790 4,595 7,200 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 9,915 3,910 6,000 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 7,815 3,240 4,575 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 6,875 2,875 4,005 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 7,175 3,180 3,995 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 6,515 3,215 3,300 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,650 3,045 2,610 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,700 2,710 1,990 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,865 2,235 1,635 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,425 2,030 1,395 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 8,960 6,465 2,495 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 6,345 4,465 1,880 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 2,620 2,000 615 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 80,560 39,280 41,275 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,855 1,790 2,065 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 76,705 37,495 39,210 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.5 95.0 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,015 4,665 7,350 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 10,385 4,125 6,260 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 9,160 3,830 5,330 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 8,680 3,710 4,975 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 9,055 4,360 4,695 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 7,725 4,180 3,545 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,935 3,435 2,500 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,975 2,930 2,040 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 8,780 6,270 2,515 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 3,150 2,090 1,060 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,780 1,280 510 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 3,840 2,900 945 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 80,555 39,280 41,275 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 17,155 6,560 10,600 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 63,405 32,725 30,675 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 78.7 83.3 74.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,840 3,005 3,835 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 4,370 1,825 2,550 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 7,100 3,060 4,040 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 5,585 2,445 3,140 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,200 2,215 2,985 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,620 2,540 3,080 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 5,350 2,720 2,635 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 4,875 2,745 2,125 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 4,080 2,425 1,650 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 14,380 9,755 4,625 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 3,510 2,040 1,465 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 3,085 1,840 1,245 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 7,785 5,870 1,915 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 34,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 104,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 88,711  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 4,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,184  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 113,298  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 34,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 120,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 97,783  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 63,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 128,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,889  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 34,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 3,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 34,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 13,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 4,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 112,626  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,138  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 103,168  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,084  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,262  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,853  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 117,658  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 18,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 138,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,071  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,462  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,970 2,800 3,170 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 47,991 53,072 43,413 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 41,453 45,136 38,044 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,970 2,835 3,135 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 61,045 67,304 55,397 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,644 52,481 45,180 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 108,935 53,905 55,035 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 41,210 20,040 21,165 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 6,005 2,935 3,070 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 6,950 3,315 3,635 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 8,305 3,970 4,340 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 9,265 4,525 4,735 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 10,680 5,290 5,395 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 67,725 33,860 33,870 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 12,125 5,970 6,160 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 13,040 6,525 6,515 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 14,565 7,250 7,315 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 15,540 7,800 7,735 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 12,455 6,315 6,145 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 108,935 53,900 55,030 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 32,435 16,680 15,750 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 11,315 5,835 5,485 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 66,915 32,700 34,210 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 9,590 4,520 5,070 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,435 4,530 4,905 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,570 1,835 1,735 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,050 545 505 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 5,115 2,385 2,735 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 745 310 435 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.7 8.4 8.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 11.0 11.0 11.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 9.3 9.3 9.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 7.6 7.3 8.0 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 7.8 6.9 8.6 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,855 2,375 2,475 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,715 885 830 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 520 270 250 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 2,885 1,370 1,510 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 255 120 135 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.5 4.4 4.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 5.3 5.3 5.3 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 4.6 4.6 4.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 4.3 4.2 4.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.7 2.7 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 108,935 53,905 55,035 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 107,245 53,305 53,940 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 107,110 53,245 53,865 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 8,800 3,570 5,230 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 45,600 22,140 23,455 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 45,595 22,140 23,455 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,570 2,420 2,150 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 10 0 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 10 0 10 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 55 20 30 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 10 10 10 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 50 20 25 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 4,525 2,405 2,110 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 25 10 15 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 4,130 2,195 1,935 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 170 85 80 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 60 30 30 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 65 40 30 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 130 75 55 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 20 10 10 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 565 245 315 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 15 10 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 535 230 305 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,615 1,060 1,550 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 115 60 65 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 15 0 15 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 45 25 20 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 140 75 60 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 15 15 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 10 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,430 965 1,465 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 195 85 105 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 110 50 65 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,875 970 910 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 105 65 40 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 390 200 185 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,130 580 550 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 375 195 175 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 32,565 15,950 16,615 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 175 80 90 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 40 20 20 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 4,875 2,420 2,455 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 20 15 10 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 15 15 0 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 10 0 10 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 4,855 2,410 2,445 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 90 40 50 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 85 40 35 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 865 455 415 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 125 45 80 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 225 105 120 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 2,295 1,085 1,205 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 715 370 345 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 395 200 195 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 45 30 15 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 35 15 25 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 35 30 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 395 210 180 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 20 20 0 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 10 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,215 590 625 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 80 30 45 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 50 15 35 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 295 145 150 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 15 10 0 1,655 820 835
German 755 390 370 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 30 15 15 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 35 15 25 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 10 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 370 165 200 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 18,405 9,115 9,290 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 17,430 8,630 8,805 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 565 285 280 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,080 490 590 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 3,545 1,680 1,870 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 15 10 0 600 300 300
Konkani 85 35 50 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 80 50 35 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 35 10 25 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,820 1,965 1,850 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 335 185 150 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 225 105 120 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 11,345 5,705 5,635 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,150 575 575 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 20 10 10 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 330 160 170 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 865 445 420 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 7,855 3,745 4,105 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 1,895 1,000 900 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 2,100 1,025 1,075 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 500 240 260 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,530 1,550 1,985 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 145 80 65 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 505 240 260 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 755 340 420 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 180 80 100 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 15 0 10 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 15 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 30 15 15 1,225 550 675
Igbo 20 10 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 60 15 40 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 0 25 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 15 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 25 15 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 115 60 55 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 185 90 95 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 25 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 20 15 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 345 120 225 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 280 105 170 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 25 65 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,005 915 1,090 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 1,975 905 1,075 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 760 380 385 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 10 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,280 540 740 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 20 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 15 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 25 10 15 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 30 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 25 10 15 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 35 15 15 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 265 135 135 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 255 125 135 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 230 110 120 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 15 10 0 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 30 10 15 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 185 85 95 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 108,935 53,900 55,030 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 99,725 49,480 50,245 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 30,635 15,495 15,140 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 69,085 33,980 35,100 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,215 4,425 4,790 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 108,935 53,900 55,035 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 68,880 34,325 34,555 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 39,105 19,130 19,980 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 6,545 3,330 3,210 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 4,320 2,125 2,195 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 8,740 4,380 4,360 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 13,870 6,525 7,350 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 7,675 3,640 4,035 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 6,200 2,885 3,310 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,635 2,765 2,865 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 950 450 505 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 39,105 19,125 19,975 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,810 2,505 2,305 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 7,555 3,860 3,690 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 7,450 3,275 4,175 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 16,310 8,115 8,200 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 2,975 1,370 1,615 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 39,105 19,130 19,975 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 5,485 2,620 2,860 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 270 110 155 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 705 325 380 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 135 80 60 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 370 175 190 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 10 10 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,010 465 545 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 265 130 135 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 205 85 115 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 515 280 235 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,010 490 525 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 990 475 510 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 8,925 4,465 4,460 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 195 90 105 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 290 185 100 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 85 45 50 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 345 185 160 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 95 40 55 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 100 50 50 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 180 75 110 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 690 370 325 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 195 115 75 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 1,540 700 835 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 815 395 415 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 405 205 200 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 200 100 100 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 115 55 60 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 230 95 130 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,540 1,325 1,210 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 910 425 490 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 2,870 1,435 1,440 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 30 10 15 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,220 630 590 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 30 20 10 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 140 60 80 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 30 10 15 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 310 165 140 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 60 35 25 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 165 60 105 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 895 440 455 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 21,730 10,560 11,170 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 475 260 215 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 355 180 170 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 995 430 565 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 250 105 150 108,030 50,945 57,090