Census Profile, 2016 Census
Calgary [Economic region], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

Select a table view
Download  Hierarchies 
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary
Alberta
[Economic region]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Calgary [Economic region], Alberta  Map : Calgary [Economic region], Alberta Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,498,778  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,067,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,311,022  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,645,257  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 14.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 586,269  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,654,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 558,912  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 118.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 12,655.32  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 640,330.46  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,498,780 748,135 750,645 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 282,185 144,865 137,315 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 95,040 48,775 46,265 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 99,260 51,185 48,075 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 87,885 44,910 42,970 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 1,046,735 524,780 521,950 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 86,255 44,360 41,895 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 92,120 46,840 45,280 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 114,365 56,710 57,650 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 127,480 63,375 64,105 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 119,905 59,425 60,480 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 112,645 56,350 56,295 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 106,295 53,715 52,580 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 105,920 52,935 52,985 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 100,975 50,550 50,425 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 80,780 40,515 40,265 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 169,860 78,485 91,380 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 61,145 30,045 31,095 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 39,505 19,050 20,460 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 27,720 12,690 15,025 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 20,655 9,115 11,545 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 20,835 7,580 13,255 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 13,330 5,315 8,010 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 5,765 1,850 3,920 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 1,550 390 1,155 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 190 25 165 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.8 19.4 18.3 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 69.8 70.1 69.5 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 11.3 10.5 12.2 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.8 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 37.6 37.0 38.2 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 36.9 36.4 37.3 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 558,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 332,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 946,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 188,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 471,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 35,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 51,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 22,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 79,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 223,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 4,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 558,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 129,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 184,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 524,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 93,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 245,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 92,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 233,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 58,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 1,478,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,978,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,216,595 603,265 613,325 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 734,335 368,070 366,260 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 624,865 313,190 311,680 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 109,470 54,885 54,585 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 482,260 235,195 247,065 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 337,555 185,145 152,405 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 26,700 11,680 15,020 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 72,910 28,785 44,125 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 45,105 9,580 35,520 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 413,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 191,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 540,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 90,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 235,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 91,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 39,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 413,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 357,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 302,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 793,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 54,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 55,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 43,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 12,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 357,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 157,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 443,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 199,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 509,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 74,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 87,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 213,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 37,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 55,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 34,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 16,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 5,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 247,585 126,830 120,755 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 558,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 381,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,039,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 144,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 414,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 237,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 625,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 15,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 161,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 451,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 129,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 32,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,486,605 742,335 744,265 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 1,349,125 680,435 668,695 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 1,290 570 725 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 105,815 48,875 56,940 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 30,370 12,455 17,915 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,486,605 742,340 744,265 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 1,426,355 714,785 711,575 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 22,625 11,525 11,110 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 7,905 3,905 4,000 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 29,705 12,130 17,575 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 26,580 13,475 13,105 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,486,600 742,335 744,270 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 1,445,390 722,285 723,100 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 1,053,870 533,245 520,620 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 1,031,835 522,030 509,805 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 22,035 11,215 10,815 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 391,520 189,040 202,480 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 1,160 480 685 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 555 215 340 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 245 95 150 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 235 100 140 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 5 50 15 35
Plains Cree 55 20 35 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 5 10 50 20 35
Woods Cree 10 0 10 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 155 75 85 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 15 50 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 5 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 60 15 45 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 105 35 70 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 105 35 70 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 5 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 20 10 15 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 5 40 10 30
Gwich'in 5 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 25 45 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 5 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 25 10 15 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 25 5 10
Inuktitut 5 0 5 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 5 5 0 0
Michif 15 5 10 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 5 5 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 435 195 235 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 30 5 15 350 165 185
Stoney 405 185 220 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 5 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 0 5 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 390,360 188,565 201,795 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 29,825 15,660 14,170 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 140 80 65 340 190 145
Kabyle 65 35 35 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 45 25 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 2,475 1,230 1,245 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 50 30 20 315 185 130
Oromo 955 490 460 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 1,465 705 755 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Semitic languages 27,160 14,315 12,845 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 4,075 1,970 2,105 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 19,105 10,260 8,840 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 295 155 135 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 85 40 45 145 80 65
Harari 75 40 35 260 135 120
Hebrew 515 255 255 960 505 460
Maltese 35 15 15 75 30 40
Tigrigna 2,765 1,465 1,300 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 105 110 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 14,520 6,780 7,735 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 905 435 475 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 13,605 6,345 7,260 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 50,005 21,680 28,330 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 235 110 125 425 205 225
Cebuano 2,115 900 1,210 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 45 30 20 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 720 295 430 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 2,645 1,150 1,490 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 25 5 15 35 10 25
Malay 810 345 465 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 280 135 140 765 370 390
Pangasinan 130 55 80 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 42,355 18,370 23,985 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 155 70 80 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 495 210 290 980 430 550
Creole languages 640 325 315 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 25 15 10 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 435 210 220 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 100 90 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 5,305 2,760 2,540 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 290 140 145 535 270 265
Malayalam 2,150 1,105 1,045 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 1,880 990 885 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 960 510 450 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 90 45 45 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 192,900 95,565 97,335 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 1,370 725 645 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 255 135 120 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 32,225 15,080 17,140 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 545 260 285 1,010 475 535
Latvian 195 95 100 415 195 220
Lithuanian 345 165 185 600 285 315
Slavic languages 31,680 14,820 16,855 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 25 10 15 65 30 30
Bosnian 870 435 435 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 955 485 470 1,545 790 755
Croatian 2,145 1,060 1,080 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 1,580 740 840 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 160 80 85 360 185 175
Polish 8,375 3,945 4,430 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 9,745 4,390 5,355 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 1,900 950 955 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 530 255 270 970 480 485
Slovak 1,220 600 615 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 285 125 165 695 320 370
Ukrainian 3,820 1,700 2,120 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 215 120 100
Celtic languages 145 75 70 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 55 25 30 135 70 65
Welsh 70 35 30 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 21,420 10,380 11,045 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 1,115 535 580 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 975 515 465 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 4,740 2,350 2,390 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 60 25 30 360 200 160
German 13,655 6,555 7,100 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 70 40 30 115 55 60
Norwegian 270 110 160 815 370 445
Swedish 320 145 180 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 125 60 60 320 150 170
Yiddish 80 40 40 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 55 30 25
Greek 1,620 815 805 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 92,235 46,740 45,490 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 79,125 39,910 39,215 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 4,165 2,130 2,030 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 5,625 2,840 2,790 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 7,440 3,795 3,645 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 85 45 40 105 60 50
Konkani 170 90 85 370 190 185
Marathi 845 435 415 1,510 775 730
Nepali 1,960 1,035 925 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 100 55 45 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 39,010 19,625 19,385 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 1,750 820 925 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 985 485 500 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 16,995 8,565 8,430 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 12,150 6,325 5,820 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 755 400 355 1,550 845 705
Pashto 1,645 845 805 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 9,750 5,085 4,670 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 960 500 460 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 43,630 21,615 22,020 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 45 20 30 75 30 45
Italian 5,550 2,845 2,705 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 3,760 1,795 1,965 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 4,850 2,485 2,365 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 29,410 14,465 14,950 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 35 20 15
Japanese 2,460 855 1,605 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 130 75 55 230 130 105
Georgian 135 75 55 230 130 100
Korean 9,345 4,345 5,000 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 450 210 240 545 255 290
Mongolian 450 210 240 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 5,960 3,055 2,905 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 705 370 335 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 15 10 5 35 20 15
Edo 105 65 40 275 155 120
Ewe 65 35 25 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 35 230 120 100
Ga 70 35 35 145 80 65
Ganda 40 15 25 280 145 135
Igbo 710 380 330 1,165 625 540
Lingala 85 40 50 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 155 75 75 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 65 65 805 405 400
Shona 320 155 165 1,100 545 555
Swahili 805 390 415 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 115 65 50 280 165 110
Yoruba 1,445 760 685 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,130 555 570 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,520 750 765 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 730 370 365 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 785 380 405 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 275 155 115 830 440 390
American Sign Language 105 55 45 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 100 70 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 69,430 32,670 36,765 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 68,185 32,050 36,135 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 34,315 16,125 18,195 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 345 160 185 990 465 530
Mandarin 28,840 13,595 15,250 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 45 20 25 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,720 765 955 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 380 175 205 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,530 1,215 1,320 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,245 615 630 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 270 135 130 430 230 200
Karenic languages 285 135 150 795 415 380
Tibetan 550 280 265 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 65 80 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 1,150 405 740 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 485 220 270 1,020 485 535
Thai 655 185 470 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,785 980 805 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 240 135 105 365 215 155
Turkish 1,270 720 555 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 60 30 30 130 70 60
Uzbek 75 35 35 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 80 215 95 120
Uralic languages 4,225 2,040 2,190 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 95 50 50 190 90 105
Finnish 345 135 215 810 330 480
Hungarian 3,785 1,855 1,930 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 335 205 135 690 415 280
Multiple responses 41,220 20,050 21,165 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 3,800 1,805 1,995 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 35,525 17,340 18,185 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 1,075 560 520 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 815 345 470 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,486,600 742,340 744,265 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 1,398,035 699,095 698,940 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 1,173,950 589,590 584,360 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 1,164,955 585,005 579,945 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 8,995 4,580 4,415 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 224,085 109,505 114,580 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 465 230 235 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 145 75 65 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 65 35 30 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 75 45 30 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 10 5 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 60 30 30 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 290 145 150 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 15 5 10 175 85 85
Stoney 275 140 140 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 223,620 109,275 114,345 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,360 9,370 8,995 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 65 35 30 200 105 95
Kabyle 30 15 15 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 1,650 805 845 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 45 25 25 280 160 115
Oromo 715 355 360 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 890 425 460 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 16,630 8,520 8,110 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 2,730 1,310 1,415 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 11,095 5,735 5,360 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 205 105 100 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 40 40 95 50 40
Harari 50 25 25 165 80 85
Hebrew 260 130 125 460 235 225
Maltese 5 0 5 15 10 10
Tigrigna 2,060 1,095 965 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 70 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,420 4,430 4,990 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 225 235 960 460 500
Vietnamese 8,965 4,205 4,760 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 26,625 12,475 14,150 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 45 25 25 70 40 35
Cebuano 895 425 470 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 20 10 5 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 215 100 120 470 215 255
Ilocano 1,060 500 560 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 10 5 10 20 10 10
Malay 235 125 110 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 35 35 220 110 110
Pangasinan 15 5 10 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 23,855 11,160 12,695 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 60 25 30 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 60 85 280 120 155
Creole languages 290 150 145 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 220 110 105 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 3,215 1,630 1,580 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 120 65 55 210 105 105
Malayalam 1,310 665 650 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 1,205 605 600 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 565 295 275 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 60 25 35 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 104,460 51,975 52,490 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 625 340 285 1,060 570 485
Armenian 110 55 55 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 14,095 6,895 7,200 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 240 130 110 410 210 200
Latvian 85 50 40 165 85 80
Lithuanian 150 80 75 250 125 120
Slavic languages 13,860 6,765 7,090 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 5 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 395 200 195 785 400 385
Bulgarian 485 250 235 825 415 405
Croatian 750 370 380 1,800 905 895
Czech 450 220 230 875 440 430
Macedonian 85 40 40 175 90 85
Polish 3,350 1,630 1,720 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 5,870 2,845 3,030 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 960 470 490 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 180 90 90 315 160 155
Slovak 470 230 240 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 25 150 70 75
Ukrainian 800 400 400 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 55 30 25
Celtic languages 15 10 5 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 15 5
Welsh 5 5 5 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 3,465 1,650 1,815 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 600 290 315 1,705 835 875
Danish 70 35 35 150 75 75
Dutch 620 300 320 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 5 0 0 60 30 30
German 2,035 965 1,070 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 20 10 10 30 15 15
Norwegian 25 10 15 60 20 35
Swedish 55 25 30 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 60 30 25
Yiddish 10 10 5 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 425 215 210
Greek 505 240 270 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 62,025 31,110 30,915 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 53,520 26,825 26,700 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 2,760 1,380 1,380 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 3,145 1,580 1,575 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 4,140 2,125 2,010 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 45 20 25 50 20 25
Konkani 35 20 15 75 40 40
Marathi 445 225 210 845 440 405
Nepali 1,350 695 655 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 50 30 25 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 29,195 14,610 14,585 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 745 330 415 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 510 255 255 1,480 750 730
Urdu 11,100 5,550 5,550 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 8,000 4,025 3,970 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 460 235 225 850 440 410
Pashto 1,060 540 520 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 6,480 3,255 3,225 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 500 260 245 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 23,625 11,680 11,945 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 20 10 15 35 10 20
Italian 1,290 570 720 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 1,785 865 920 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 2,485 1,290 1,195 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 18,045 8,940 9,100 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 1,120 495 625 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 85 50 35 160 85 70
Georgian 80 50 35 160 85 70
Korean 6,650 3,170 3,475 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 280 135 150 335 160 175
Mongolian 280 135 145 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 1,835 885 955 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 330 170 165 845 415 430
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 25 10 15 70 35 35
Ewe 15 10 5 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 20 20 105 55 45
Ga 20 10 10 40 20 20
Ganda 5 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 135 65 70 265 125 145
Lingala 25 10 20 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 35 30 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 350 175 170
Shona 95 40 50 410 190 225
Swahili 355 155 195 1,090 530 565
Wolof 60 35 30 170 95 75
Yoruba 355 170 185 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 280 135 145 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 915 445 475 1,525 765 755
Dinka 445 215 230 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 465 220 240 725 350 375
Sign languages 355 205 150 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 90 50 45 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 265 160 105 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,995 22,370 24,625 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 46,115 21,930 24,185 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 22,285 10,400 11,880 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 100 35 60 315 135 185
Mandarin 21,220 10,290 10,930 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 5 5 5 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 675 295 385 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 210 105 105 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,620 805 815 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 880 440 440 1,500 770 730
Burmese 175 85 85 280 145 130
Karenic languages 230 110 125 665 340 320
Tibetan 395 205 190 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 430 185 245 1,130 505 625
Lao 195 85 110 465 215 245
Thai 230 95 130 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 1,000 525 480 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 105 55 50 155 90 75
Turkish 760 405 360 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 45 20 20 80 45 40
Uzbek 50 25 25 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 70 35 25
Uralic languages 1,410 695 715 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 15 5 10 25 10 15
Finnish 55 30 25 105 50 50
Hungarian 1,335 655 680 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 70 40 240 140 95
Multiple responses 88,565 43,240 45,325 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 2,550 1,265 1,290 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 84,305 41,165 43,140 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 390 190 200 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 1,315 630 685 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,486,600 742,340 744,265 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 1,254,320 629,830 624,490 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 99,305 49,455 49,850 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 14,810 6,745 8,075 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 114,000 54,240 59,760 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 785 320 465 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 113,215 53,920 59,295 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 685 345 345 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 2,195 1,120 1,075 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 1,260 585 670 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 35 15 15 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,197,300 594,890 602,410 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,137,675 565,525 572,150 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,833 54,150 35,311 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,137,925 565,595 572,330 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,895 46,581 32,153 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,066,620 542,555 524,060 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,517 53,805 34,470 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 649,715 254,855 394,860 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,214 2,422 3,516 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 926,435 482,160 444,270 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,699 53,420 35,361 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,197,280 594,870 602,410 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,138,280 565,590 572,685 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 69,070 88,222 50,155 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,138,495 565,655 572,845 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,836 68,208 41,632 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,066,970 542,640 524,330 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 69,686 88,844 49,858 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 649,845 254,775 395,065 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,568 6,623 6,532 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 926,435 481,850 444,585 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 65,167 81,387 47,588 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,197,280 594,875 602,410 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 435,780 250,075 185,710 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,311 74,578 57,288 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 90,769 106,176 70,022 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.6 96.7 91.1 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.5 73.1 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.4 3.3 8.9 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,197,300 594,890 602,410 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 59,625 29,370 30,260 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 1,137,675 565,520 572,150 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.1 95.0 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 148,305 57,305 91,005 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 139,880 55,400 84,480 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 128,365 51,420 76,950 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 110,295 48,820 61,475 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 105,430 49,990 55,440 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 91,230 45,670 45,560 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 75,250 40,345 34,910 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 60,900 34,630 26,270 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 49,095 28,795 20,300 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 41,840 24,300 17,540 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 187,080 128,860 58,225 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 103,255 66,045 37,215 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 83,820 62,810 21,010 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,197,300 594,890 602,410 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 59,375 29,300 30,075 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 1,137,925 565,590 572,330 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.1 95.0 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 152,150 58,485 93,660 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 146,090 58,120 87,970 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 148,380 60,300 88,075 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 137,645 63,470 74,175 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 128,030 63,410 64,620 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 100,975 54,090 46,885 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 76,715 44,090 32,630 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 58,925 34,695 24,230 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 189,010 128,920 60,085 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 44,510 26,555 17,955 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 30,730 19,625 11,100 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 113,775 82,740 31,030 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,197,300 594,890 602,410 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 270,870 112,730 158,140 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 926,435 482,160 444,275 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 77.4 81.1 73.7 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 100,380 45,475 54,900 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 60,045 25,410 34,635 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 101,300 43,340 57,965 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 86,950 36,885 50,060 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 83,325 38,265 45,060 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 81,225 39,015 42,210 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 72,055 36,195 35,860 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 60,055 33,000 27,050 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 49,780 28,610 21,170 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 231,325 155,965 75,360 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 41,150 24,660 16,495 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 36,385 21,250 15,135 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 153,785 110,055 43,730 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 558,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,388  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 84,636  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 129,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,948  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,516  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 429,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,161,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 558,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 140,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 111,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 129,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 365,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 70,974  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,341  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,116  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 429,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,162,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 161,759  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,729  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 128,346  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 558,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 8,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 15,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 33,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 32,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 32,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 30,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 277,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 712,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 67,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 184,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 52,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 142,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 67,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 90,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 558,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 8,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 16,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 18,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 20,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 41,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 41,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 40,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 38,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 34,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 224,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 70,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 49,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 104,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 240,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 406,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,588  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 142,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 407,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 107,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,283  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,432  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 199,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 511,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,592  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 133,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,951  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 50,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,909  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 405,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,101,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 162,268  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,493  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,337  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 142,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 408,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 154,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,914  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 200,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 512,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 188,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 169,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 147,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 50,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 89,027  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,406  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 210,880 110,395 100,485 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,498 47,880 40,904 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,062 41,362 36,496 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 210,450 110,245 100,205 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 60,543 65,833 54,722 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,069 52,522 45,269 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,478,555 739,145 739,405 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 533,470 259,310 274,165 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 103,290 51,315 51,970 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 93,030 43,040 49,990 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 102,565 49,105 53,455 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 111,520 54,725 56,800 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 123,065 61,115 61,950 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 945,080 479,840 465,245 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 132,530 66,350 66,180 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 144,110 72,510 71,600 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 160,570 81,360 79,210 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 193,890 98,225 95,660 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 313,985 161,395 152,590 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,476,315 738,005 738,310 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 331,735 170,215 161,525 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 114,000 58,480 55,520 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 987,590 493,555 494,035 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 156,985 74,235 82,750 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 130,220 62,210 68,010 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 39,920 20,505 19,420 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 14,095 7,220 6,880 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 77,730 36,895 40,835 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 12,570 4,815 7,755 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.8 8.4 9.2 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 12.4 12.3 12.4 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 7.9 7.5 8.3 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 8.0 6.5 9.4 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 115,175 57,030 58,145 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 31,225 16,060 15,165 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 11,015 5,645 5,370 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 77,135 38,180 38,955 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 6,815 2,790 4,020 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.8 7.7 7.9 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.4 9.4 9.4 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 7.8 7.7 7.9 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 4.3 3.8 4.9 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,478,555 739,145 739,405 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 1,448,265 726,455 721,810 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 1,446,935 725,845 721,090 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 106,780 49,325 57,455 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 495,055 240,210 254,845 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 1,690 705 985 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 955 385 570 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 365 125 240 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 490 220 275 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 0 10 90 20 70
Plains Cree 130 70 60 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 45 25 25
Woods Cree 65 10 55 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 270 125 140 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 115 45 70 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 100 45 60 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 10 10 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 190 80 110 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 190 80 110 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 10 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 20 10 15 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 140 60 85 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 10 10 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 40 15 25 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 10 15 35 10 25
Inuktitut 10 10 10 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 15 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 465 205 265 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 65 30 35 530 285 245
Stoney 430 185 245 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 10 10 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 10 10 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 10 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 493,385 239,515 253,875 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 42,095 22,125 19,970 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 200 140 60 540 335 205
Kabyle 110 60 45 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 95 80 15 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 3,590 1,830 1,760 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 65 40 20 370 235 135
Oromo 1,370 710 655 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 2,185 1,090 1,090 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 55 20 40
Semitic languages 38,915 20,515 18,400 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 5,790 2,940 2,850 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 28,815 15,345 13,470 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 335 170 165 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 55 60 150 70 75
Harari 95 50 45 340 150 185
Hebrew 1,625 780 845 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 40 30 15 145 85 55
Tigrigna 3,605 1,950 1,655 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 250 140 110 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 165 105 70 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 18,580 8,840 9,745 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,215 655 555 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 17,430 8,210 9,220 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 63,045 27,255 35,795 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 175 65 100 330 150 180
Cebuano 2,995 1,325 1,680 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 140 75 60 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 1,010 425 585 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 3,750 1,645 2,110 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 50 20 30 80 40 40
Malay 1,525 725 800 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 215 230 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 225 95 135 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 59,655 25,615 34,040 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 230 100 130 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 590 255 335 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 1,820 900 920 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 85 50 35 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 1,120 560 565 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 615 300 325 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 7,295 3,835 3,460 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 565 285 280 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 2,615 1,385 1,230 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 3,240 1,705 1,535 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 1,300 685 615 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 85 40 45 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 254,480 126,365 128,115 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 1,755 925 835 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 295 165 135 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 37,555 18,245 19,305 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 650 310 345 1,360 660 705
Latvian 275 140 135 590 300 290
Lithuanian 380 170 210 775 360 415
Slavic languages 37,140 18,050 19,085 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 80 30 45 200 95 105
Bosnian 1,360 730 635 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 1,125 595 530 1,795 945 850
Croatian 2,805 1,400 1,405 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 1,875 875 1,000 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 280 145 130 535 270 265
Polish 9,765 4,685 5,080 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 14,000 6,735 7,265 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 2,425 1,200 1,220 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 580 320 260 1,095 550 540
Slovak 1,645 910 735 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 345 170 175 735 360 375
Ukrainian 5,000 2,255 2,745 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 250 120 130
Celtic languages 505 240 260 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 185 90 90 440 215 225
Welsh 130 70 60 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 190 75 115 450 220 225
Germanic languages 30,475 15,140 15,335 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 2,105 1,120 990 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 1,160 560 600 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 5,725 2,835 2,890 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 100 45 60 475 275 205
German 20,940 10,510 10,425 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 90 40 45 160 70 95
Norwegian 545 210 330 1,450 635 810
Swedish 685 335 350 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 150 80 70 380 170 215
Yiddish 175 95 80 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 80 30 50 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 2,550 1,290 1,255 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 115,050 58,455 56,605 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 102,315 51,690 50,625 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 5,100 2,565 2,530 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 8,655 4,200 4,455 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 30,055 15,410 14,645 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 60 45 20 125 80 45
Konkani 395 200 190 625 300 320
Marathi 1,545 805 740 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 2,255 1,260 995 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 150 75 75 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,335 26,055 25,280 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 2,790 1,225 1,560 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,410 700 710 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 26,115 13,345 12,770 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 13,630 7,165 6,465 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 1,010 545 465 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 2,200 1,190 1,010 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 10,795 5,680 5,110 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,180 630 550 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 72,570 35,155 37,410 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 85 45 40 170 95 80
Italian 9,825 4,845 4,980 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 5,470 2,700 2,770 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 6,045 3,140 2,900 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 53,750 25,785 27,960 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 250 130 125
Japanese 4,490 2,030 2,460 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 140 90 50 225 130 100
Georgian 140 90 50 230 130 100
Korean 10,405 4,875 5,530 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 655 310 350 800 375 430
Mongolian 660 305 345 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 12,200 6,160 6,045 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 1,155 610 540 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 20 10 10 60 30 30
Edo 240 145 90 620 325 290
Ewe 75 40 35 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 135 80 60 300 165 135
Ga 110 60 55 345 190 155
Ganda 80 35 40 610 305 305
Igbo 1,495 790 710 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 430 230 195 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 170 95 75 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 45 60 1,155 605 550
Shona 515 230 280 1,810 850 960
Swahili 2,430 1,205 1,230 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 330 195 135 600 365 235
Yoruba 3,525 1,780 1,745 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,090 1,180 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,695 775 915 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 785 385 400 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 915 400 520 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 1,825 780 1,045 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 970 385 590 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 870 405 465 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 80,570 38,400 42,170 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 79,075 37,670 41,410 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 43,205 20,400 22,805 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 425 185 245 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 39,585 18,650 20,935 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 65 35 25 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,430 1,015 1,405 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 575 250 330 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,160 1,560 1,600 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,525 735 790 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 340 165 180 605 305 295
Karenic languages 290 140 150 805 415 390
Tibetan 800 405 400 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 155 60 95 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 1,580 655 930 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 655 310 350 1,520 730 795
Thai 1,020 390 630 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 45 25 25
Turkic languages 2,595 1,385 1,205 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 350 165 180 630 325 300
Turkish 1,720 985 730 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 135 60 70 290 135 155
Uzbek 245 115 135 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 205 90 110 355 170 180
Uralic languages 4,990 2,390 2,605 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 110 50 60 185 85 105
Finnish 375 170 200 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 4,505 2,160 2,345 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 805 455 345 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,478,555 739,145 739,410 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,318,760 661,985 656,770 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 305,585 156,780 148,805 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,013,175 505,205 507,970 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 159,800 77,165 82,635 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,478,555 739,150 739,405 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,034,370 523,185 511,185 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 415,930 201,815 214,115 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 73,375 36,520 36,860 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 42,050 19,995 22,055 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 69,850 33,460 36,390 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 135,005 65,555 69,455 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 60,410 29,495 30,910 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 74,600 36,060 38,540 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 95,655 46,295 49,360 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 28,250 14,145 14,105 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 415,935 201,820 214,120 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 38,720 19,770 18,950 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 71,380 37,000 34,375 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 81,520 37,490 44,035 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 185,945 89,400 96,540 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 38,370 18,160 20,210 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 415,935 201,820 214,115 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 46,020 21,775 24,240 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 1,475 675 795 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 5,860 2,765 3,095 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 2,480 1,250 1,230 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 885 455 440 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 535 275 260 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 3,120 1,410 1,710 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 4,665 2,280 2,380 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 1,120 470 650 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 1,495 730 765 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 13,230 5,970 7,265 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 11,150 5,495 5,660 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 87,110 43,685 43,425 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,115 1,090 1,025 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 1,335 690 640 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 1,325 655 670 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 7,195 3,400 3,795 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 960 505 455 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 2,030 1,020 1,005 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,810 955 855 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 3,945 2,120 1,820 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 3,960 2,100 1,860 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 7,010 3,315 3,695 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 1,205 555 650 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 4,630 2,320 2,305 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 4,070 1,740 2,325 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,145 585 565 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 3,050 1,410 1,635 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 29,385 15,105 14,285 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 11,945 6,110 5,835 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 41,460 21,215 20,240 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 775 420 355 1,340 715 625
Egypt 2,955 1,575 1,375 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 5,240 2,595 2,645 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 2,770 1,345 1,420 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 710 375 340 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 7,750 4,025 3,725 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 1,355 645 705 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 3,250 1,680 1,565 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 16,655 8,545 8,105 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 237,215 113,050 124,165 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 3,290 1,765 1,525 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 3,185 1,635 1,545 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 35,130 16,205 18,935 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 11,155 5,410 5,740 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 47,240 23,715