Census Profile, 2016 Census
North Okanagan--Shuswap [Federal electoral district], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic North Okanagan--Shuswap
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , North Okanagan--Shuswap [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : North Okanagan--Shuswap [Federal electoral district], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 124,605 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 121,474 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.6 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 63,972 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 53,626 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 7.7 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 16,173.61 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 124,605 60,595 64,015 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 17,515 8,935 8,580 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,390 2,775 2,610 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,035 3,100 2,930 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,095 3,055 3,040 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 75,070 36,355 38,715 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,315 3,230 3,085 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 5,360 2,715 2,645 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,370 2,765 2,605 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,155 2,990 3,165 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,145 3,015 3,130 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,305 3,110 3,200 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,210 3,465 3,745 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 9,710 4,475 5,235 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 11,425 5,400 6,025 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 11,070 5,185 5,885 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 32,020 15,305 16,715 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 10,325 5,080 5,245 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 7,910 3,855 4,055 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 5,775 2,850 2,925 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 4,115 1,970 2,145 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,895 1,550 2,345 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,525 1,100 1,430 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,050 370 680 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 280 70 205 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 40 5 30 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.1 14.7 13.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 60.2 60.0 60.5 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 25.7 25.3 26.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.1 2.6 3.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 46.7 45.9 47.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 51.2 50.1 52.0 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 53,625 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 36,045 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 315 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 14,260 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,260 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 2,945 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,045 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,770 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 240 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,005 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 53,625 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 14,875 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 23,250 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,685 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,505 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,310 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 121,845 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 107,090 51,655 55,435 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 66,570 33,230 33,340 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 55,160 27,555 27,605 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 11,410 5,675 5,740 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 40,520 18,430 22,090 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 21,640 12,010 9,630 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,320 1,455 1,860 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 8,105 3,295 4,810 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 7,455 1,670 5,790 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 37,700 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 24,110 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,205 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,055 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,330 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 37,700 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 32,695 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 26,990 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,705 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,005 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,865 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,140 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 32,690 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 20,950 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 11,745 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,840 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,685 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,215 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,005 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,160 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,360 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 485 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 22,145 10,170 11,975 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 53,625 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 35,985 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 20,140 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 15,845 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 840 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,800 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 14,875 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,925 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 123,215 60,055 63,165 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 115,955 56,915 59,040 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 20 5 10 1,810 820 985
English and French 6,885 2,965 3,920 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 365 170 195 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 123,220 60,055 63,165 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 121,400 59,215 62,180 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,325 625 700 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 150 60 95 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 345 155 190 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,405 655 750 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 123,220 60,055 63,165 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 122,165 59,580 62,585 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 112,265 54,925 57,340 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 110,715 54,200 56,525 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,545 725 820 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 9,895 4,655 5,245 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 195 80 115 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 45 15 30 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 5 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 10 25 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 5 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 15 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 10 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 5 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 130 60 70 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 5 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 40 20 25 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 75 40 40 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 0 5 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 250 130 120
Siouan languages 5 0 5 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 5 5 5 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,705 4,580 5,130 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 80 55 25 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 75 50 25 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 60 40 20 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 55 60 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 95 50 50 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 430 125 305 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 35 10 25 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 15 5 10 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 20 5 15 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 340 95 250 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5 5 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 25 15 10 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 5 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 15 5 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 5 5 0 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 5 5 5 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 7,890 3,820 4,065 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 35 20 20 1,465 765 705
Armenian 0 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,730 775 955 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 20 15 10 1,070 485 585
Latvian 5 5 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 10 10 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,710 760 950 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 5 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 5 5 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 85 45 40 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 140 75 70 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 215 80 135 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 595 250 345 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 20 10 10 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 60 25 30 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 20 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 550 250 300 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 5 5 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 4,715 2,325 2,395 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 125 65 60 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 135 70 65 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 960 465 495 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 20 10 10 295 145 145
German 3,340 1,635 1,695 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 60 35 25 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 70 40 30 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 45 25 15 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 705 355 350 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 665 340 330 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 0 0 0 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 10 5 5 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 50 35 20 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 5 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 550 265 285 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 5 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 5 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 45 30 20 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 35 15 20 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 5 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 15 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 650 320 325 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 215 130 90 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 100 40 55 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 30 10 20 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 300 135 160 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 160 55 105 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 195 85 105 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 15 10 5 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 10 5 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 5 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 5 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 45 20 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 15 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 390 175 220 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 385 175 215 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 195 90 105 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 135 50 85 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 20 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 5 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 30 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 10 5 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 35 10 20 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 5 0 0 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 5 5 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 300 135 165 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 5 0 705 295 410
Finnish 100 35 70 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 195 100 95 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,055 475 580 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 235 115 120 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 780 345 440 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 20 10 10 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 25 10 15 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 123,220 60,055 63,165 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 121,615 59,360 62,255 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 119,025 58,125 60,900 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 118,775 58,020 60,755 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 250 110 140 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 2,590 1,230 1,360 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 30 10 20 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 5 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 5 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 20 10 10 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 10 5 10 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 5 5 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 5 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,555 1,215 1,340 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 20 15 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 5 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 35 20 15 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 30 15 15 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 40 45 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 10 800 375 420
Vietnamese 75 40 40 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 110 45 65 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 5 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 5 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 35 55 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 10 5 0 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 5 5 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,820 875 940 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 30 15 15 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 350 155 195 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 350 155 195 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 5 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 30 10 10 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 30 15 15 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 45 15 30 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 200 90 110 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 5 0 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 10 0 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 25 10 20 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 835 410 430 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 70 35 35 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 110 60 50 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 650 315 335 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 15 5 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 445 220 225 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 435 215 220 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 5 0 5 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 30 20 10 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 365 175 190 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 25 15 15 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 15 10 5 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 5 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 140 65 70 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 15 5 5 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 20 5 15 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 0 0 0 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 100 50 50 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 60 25 30 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 140 65 75 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 45 30 20 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 25 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 195 90 105 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 190 85 100 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 95 45 45 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 65 30 35 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 5 0 460 225 235
Thai 10 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 40 10 30 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 20 5 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 25 5 15 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,605 700 905 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 110 45 55 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,480 650 830 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 20 0 15 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 123,220 60,055 63,160 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 117,745 57,590 60,160 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,190 575 620 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 975 415 565 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 3,215 1,445 1,765 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 240 115 130 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 2,975 1,330 1,640 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 10 5 5 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 15 10 10 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 55 20 35 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 104,355 50,535 53,820 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 101,505 49,310 52,195 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,855 39,758 24,810 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 101,600 49,375 52,225 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,099 35,075 23,501 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 91,285 45,235 46,045 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,885 35,927 20,366 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,720 33,875 41,850 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,880 10,290 8,205 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,015 35,820 34,195 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,184 35,097 20,486 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 104,295 50,460 53,845 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 101,355 49,185 52,165 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,500 50,828 32,704 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 101,465 49,240 52,220 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,239 42,089 28,779 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 91,170 45,105 46,065 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,483 48,070 29,097 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,630 33,925 41,700 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,224 9,782 8,769 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 69,985 35,580 34,405 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,177 46,544 27,489 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 104,300 50,460 53,840 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 25,795 14,755 11,040 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,302 58,499 40,880 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,094 65,432 45,950 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.5 86.9 78.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 61.2 65.3 55.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.5 13.1 21.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 104,355 50,535 53,815 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,850 1,225 1,625 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 101,505 49,310 52,200 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 97.3 97.6 97.0 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,390 4,995 8,395 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 19,720 7,340 12,380 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 16,430 6,740 9,690 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 12,790 5,725 7,060 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 10,405 5,320 5,090 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 7,465 4,290 3,170 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,740 3,745 1,995 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,245 2,825 1,420 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,135 2,090 1,045 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,180 1,590 590 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 6,005 4,645 1,360 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 4,115 3,165 950 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,885 1,480 410 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 104,355 50,535 53,820 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,755 1,165 1,595 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 101,600 49,375 52,225 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 97.4 97.7 97.0 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,135 5,335 8,805 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 20,805 7,960 12,845 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 18,895 7,890 11,010 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 14,590 6,870 7,720 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 10,795 5,930 4,865 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,585 4,870 2,715 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 5,090 3,410 1,675 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,530 2,415 1,110 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 6,170 4,695 1,480 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,025 1,510 510 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,235 925 305 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,915 2,255 660 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 104,355 50,535 53,820 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 34,345 14,715 19,625 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 70,010 35,820 34,195 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 67.1 70.9 63.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 14,560 6,765 7,790 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,785 2,410 3,370 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,485 3,835 5,645 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 8,110 3,300 4,805 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 7,000 3,065 3,930 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,990 3,025 2,960 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,545 2,650 1,895 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,645 2,450 1,195 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,895 2,035 860 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 8,015 6,280 1,740 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,315 1,605 705 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,540 1,190 350 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 4,155 3,475 680 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 53,630 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 62,153 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,392 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,870 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,531 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,109 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 38,750 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,973 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,927 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 53,610 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,458 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,695 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,895 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,317 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,001 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 38,715 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,516 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,273 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 53,625 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 695 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 625 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,610 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,605 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,845 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,380 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,785 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,760 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,560 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,495 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,545 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,120 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,610 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,250 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,835 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,910 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,250 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,285 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,190 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,185 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 53,625 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 775 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 635 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,675 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,675 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,215 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,845 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,285 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,070 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,075 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,720 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,180 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,535 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,080 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,340 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,735 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,780 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,560 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,370 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,850 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 37,340 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,354 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,373 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,830 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,516 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,560 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,900 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,382 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,262 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,625 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,272 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,724 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 37,375 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,170 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,941 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,830 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,149 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,813 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,865 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,144 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,236 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,615 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,176 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,175 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 19,755 9,140 10,615 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,919 30,726 26,226 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,954 27,927 24,664 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 19,510 9,050 10,465 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,098 39,951 34,631 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,036 34,024 30,315 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 121,845 59,455 62,390 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 67,185 31,565 35,615 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 12,750 6,005 6,745 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 14,730 6,525 8,210 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 14,075 6,595 7,480 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 12,635 6,095 6,545 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 12,990 6,345 6,645 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 54,660 27,890 26,765 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 12,325 6,195 6,130 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 12,080 6,125 5,955 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 11,125 5,705 5,420 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,370 5,330 5,035 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 8,760 4,535 4,230 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 116,955 57,065 59,890 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 20,625 10,480 10,145 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,315 3,265 3,050 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 68,115 32,880 35,235 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 28,215 13,705 14,510 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,165 8,225 9,940 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,855 1,975 1,870 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,230 655 575 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 9,925 4,475 5,445 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 4,395 1,770 2,625 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.5 14.4 16.6 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.7 18.8 18.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.5 20.1 18.9 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.6 13.6 15.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 15.6 12.9 18.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,790 3,755 4,040 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,560 810 750 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 460 245 210 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 5,645 2,675 2,965 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 590 265 325 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.7 6.6 6.7 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 7.6 7.7 7.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 7.3 7.5 6.9 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 8.1 8.4 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.9 2.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 121,760 59,385 62,375 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 121,365 59,200 62,165 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 121,355 59,195 62,160 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 6,815 2,885 3,925 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 12,535 5,800 6,740 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 530 215 315 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 55 15 35 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 10 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 50 15 30 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 20 10 15 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 10 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 15 0 15 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 15 0 15 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 435 195 240 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 175 65 105 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 255 125 135 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,015 5,585 6,435 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 160 85 75 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 10 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 130 65 65 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 115 55 55 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 60 70 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 130 60 70 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 565 155 405 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 35 10 30 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 30 15 15 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 55 25 25 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 490 130 360 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 10 10 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 15 10 10 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 15 0 10 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 9,850 4,710 5,140 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 70 30 40 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,955 920 1,035 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,955 920 1,035 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 10 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 70 50 25 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 165 90 75 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 270 115 155 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 920 430 490 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 55 25 30 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 50 30 25 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 480 215 260 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 40 20 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 5,295 2,615 2,680 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 175 85 95 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 130 60 70 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 930 475 460 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 25 15 10 465 230 240
German 3,980 1,975 2,010 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 75 30 45 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 95 40 50 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 40 15 20 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 935 465 470 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 840 420 415 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 15 10 10 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 160 90 75 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 10 0 415 215 200
Marathi 10 10 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 10 10 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 705 335 365 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 10 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 10 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 75 50 25 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 110 50 55 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 15 0 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 95 45 50 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 2,035 900 1,135 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 280 140 140 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 130 60 75 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 45 20 25 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,630 705 925 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 265 110 155 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 155 50 100 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 15 0 15 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 205 65 135 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 85 15 65 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 120 50 70 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 420 215 205 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 420 210 210 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 170 80 90 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 200 100 100 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 15 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 20 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 60 35 30 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 55 35 25 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 20 15 10 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 10 0 945 510 435
Turkish 15 0 10 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 285 120 165 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 100 30 75 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 175 80 95 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 121,760 59,380 62,380 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 118,045 57,600 60,440 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,820 10,675 10,145 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 97,220 46,920 50,300 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,715 1,780 1,935 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 121,760 59,380 62,375 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 108,560 53,040 55,520 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 12,705 6,055 6,645 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 7,275 3,645 3,630 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,265 495 770 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,345 605 745 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,885 890 1,000 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 725 350 375 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,160 540 620 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 925 420 510 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 500 285 210 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 12,705 6,060 6,650 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,685 755 930 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,485 1,250 1,240 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 3,075 1,450 1,620 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 4,655 2,225 2,430 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 810 380 425 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 12,705 6,055 6,645 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,020 885 1,135 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 30 20 15 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 30 10 15 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 20 10 10 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 35 20 15 1,305 600 710
Haiti 15 10 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 25 15 10 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 60 20 50 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 20 10 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 15 10 10 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,620 700 915 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 155 75 80 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 7,995 4,040 3,955 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 20 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 55 30 20 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 90 55 40 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,630 865 770 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 10 0 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 125 65 60 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 25 25 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 130 90 40 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 905 530 375 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 300 130 170 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 40 20 25 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 60 20 40 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 160 60 95 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 35 15 15 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 105 55 50 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,155 1,515 1,645 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,120 535 580 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 390 165 220 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 20 0 15 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10 0 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 15 0 15 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 10 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 15 15 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 230 100 130 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 90 40 50 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,910 760 1,140 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 255 90 170 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 45 25 20 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 425 230 190 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 70 35 35 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 10 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 85 20 65 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 125 40 80 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 10 10 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 100 40 60 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 445 105 340 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 10 10 10 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 30 25 10 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 15 10 10 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 85 40 50 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 195 90 105 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 385 195 185 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 925 420 510 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 120 55 65 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 10 10 10 625 355 265
Mexico 0 0 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 35 50 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 15 10 10 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 320 175 140 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 40 25 15 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690