Census Profile, 2016 Census
Capital, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Capital, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Capital, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : Capital, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 383,360 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 359,991 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 183,562 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 170,157 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 163.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,340.49 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 383,360 184,900 198,460 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 49,895 25,330 24,565 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 16,125 8,135 7,990 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 16,895 8,635 8,260 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 16,870 8,555 8,320 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 250,375 122,140 128,235 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 18,970 9,480 9,490 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 24,740 12,505 12,235 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 24,405 12,180 12,220 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 24,680 12,325 12,360 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 23,515 11,655 11,860 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 22,685 11,020 11,665 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 24,650 11,965 12,680 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 27,725 13,425 14,305 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 29,495 13,830 15,665 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 29,500 13,755 15,745 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 83,090 37,430 45,660 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 27,665 13,060 14,605 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 19,225 9,110 10,110 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 13,205 6,130 7,070 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 10,165 4,550 5,615 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 12,840 4,585 8,255 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 7,355 2,890 4,470 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 4,180 1,380 2,800 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,145 290 855 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 160 25 135 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.0 13.7 12.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.3 66.1 64.6 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 21.7 20.2 23.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.3 2.5 4.2 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 44.4 43.3 45.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.5 44.1 46.8 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 170,160 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 70,630 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,400 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 87,130 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,220 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 10,380 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 25,835 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 44,375 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 320 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,990 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 170,155 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 56,720 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 64,200 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 22,550 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 17,830 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,860 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 372,875 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 333,465 159,575 173,890 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 187,075 93,310 93,765 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 150,425 75,000 75,425 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 36,650 18,310 18,340 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 146,390 66,265 80,125 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 90,310 48,280 42,025 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 9,115 4,015 5,095 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 27,535 9,935 17,600 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 19,435 4,030 15,405 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 106,335 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 63,895 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 20,765 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 16,640 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,040 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 106,340 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 90,950 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 72,630 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 18,325 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 15,385 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 11,945 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 3,440 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 90,955 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 53,540 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 37,410 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 16,715 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 15,840 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 4,850 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 15,385 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 10,350 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 4,045 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 990 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 89,660 40,715 48,945 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 170,160 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 101,115 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 50,975 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 50,140 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,575 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 66,465 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 56,720 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 9,750 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 377,670 182,240 195,430 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 336,115 163,740 172,370 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 155 65 90 1,810 820 985
English and French 38,265 17,115 21,145 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 3,140 1,315 1,825 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 377,665 182,240 195,430 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 367,440 177,435 190,000 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 6,175 3,060 3,115 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,005 475 530 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 3,050 1,265 1,785 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,680 3,295 3,385 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 377,670 182,235 195,430 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 372,385 179,765 192,620 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 322,925 157,545 165,380 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 316,565 154,395 162,165 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 6,360 3,145 3,215 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 49,465 22,225 27,240 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 265 120 145 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 45 20 25 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 15 15 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 15 5 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 10 5 5 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 5 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 5 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 5 5 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 5 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 150 75 75 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 5 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 50 20 30 475 230 245
Lillooet 5 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 80 45 40 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 0 5 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 30 15 20 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 0 5 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 25 10 15 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 49,200 22,105 27,095 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,685 930 760 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 15 5 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 80 45 45 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 10 10 205 115 95
Somali 60 30 30 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,585 875 715 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 110 45 60 1,370 670 700
Arabic 1,250 705 545 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 115 60 55 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 25 15 10 215 100 115
Tigrigna 75 40 40 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,120 500 615 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 65 70 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 985 440 545 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 4,025 1,515 2,515 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 245 90 155 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 5 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 50 20 25 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 195 70 120 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 105 30 70 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 10 5 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,335 1,260 2,085 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 15 10 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 45 20 20 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 20 15 10 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 355 185 165 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 20 10 10 280 150 135
Malayalam 90 50 40 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 145 70 70 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 95 50 45 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 24,945 11,660 13,280 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 125 70 55 1,465 765 705
Armenian 50 30 20 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 4,410 1,995 2,415 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 110 65 45 1,070 485 585
Latvian 55 35 20 565 255 300
Lithuanian 55 30 20 505 225 280
Slavic languages 4,300 1,935 2,370 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 5 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 35 10 20 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 115 50 60 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 420 210 210 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 375 180 195 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 15 5 10 325 160 165
Polish 1,115 515 600 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,080 445 640 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 195 90 100 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 45 1,395 670 725
Slovak 145 65 75 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 35 45 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 615 255 355 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 85 40 40 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 25 20 5 240 130 110
Welsh 40 20 25 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 95 50 45
Germanic languages 7,960 3,580 4,375 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 185 95 90 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 465 205 260 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 2,090 980 1,105 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 20 10 15 295 145 145
German 4,665 2,055 2,615 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 30 15 15 275 135 145
Norwegian 220 105 115 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 205 85 125 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 25 445 220 225
Yiddish 40 20 20 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 320 185 135 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 6,180 3,055 3,125 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 5,220 2,565 2,660 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 150 70 80 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 150 75 75 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 525 280 245 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 15 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 30 15 20 620 325 295
Nepali 75 40 30 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,885 1,860 2,025 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 50 30 20 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 35 1,675 845 830
Urdu 265 145 120 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 935 480 450 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 5 10 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 50 30 20 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 870 445 430 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 5,810 2,700 3,110 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 5 10 160 85 75
Italian 1,065 525 545 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 1,410 645 755 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 295 140 155 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 3,025 1,385 1,640 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 1,510 425 1,090 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 10 5 0 85 50 40
Korean 1,620 670 945 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 290 140 140 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 10 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 15 0 10 245 145 105
Lingala 0 5 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 15 155 70 80
Shona 15 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 65 35 30 805 400 405
Wolof 10 10 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 15 10 10 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 80 35 40 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 5 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 110 60 45 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 45 20 20 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 40 30 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,945 5,310 6,630 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 11,865 5,260 6,600 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 5,150 2,350 2,800 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 45 15 35 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 5,785 2,510 3,280 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 230 100 125 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 125 50 75 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 520 240 280 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 50 35 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 35 25 10 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 10 5 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 35 20 15 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 320 85 235 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 15 5 10 1,100 550 550
Thai 300 75 225 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 180 105 75 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 530 290 235
Turkish 160 95 65 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,010 460 550 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 65 20 40 705 295 410
Finnish 270 100 170 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 680 345 335 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 500 280 225
Multiple responses 5,280 2,470 2,815 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,090 500 590 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 3,910 1,840 2,075 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 150 70 80 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 135 60 70 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 377,670 182,240 195,435 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 368,105 177,880 190,225 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 348,310 168,790 179,525 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 346,395 167,875 178,525 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,910 920 995 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 19,795 9,090 10,700 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 35 10 25 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 30 10 20 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 5 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 25 10 10 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 10 5 5 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,755 9,080 10,675 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 820 400 420 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 35 15 20 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 5 90 50 45
Somali 25 10 20 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 785 385 400 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 30 10 20 600 275 320
Arabic 660 330 325 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 50 25 25 900 465 440
Maltese 5 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 45 15 25 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 605 280 320 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 35 800 375 420
Vietnamese 530 245 285 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 1,575 685 890 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 60 30 35 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 65 25 40 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 10 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,420 625 795 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 0 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 130 70 60 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 10 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 45 25 20 1,225 615 605
Tamil 45 25 20 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 35 20 20 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 7,150 3,385 3,765 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 70 30 35 695 335 360
Armenian 15 5 10 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 1,180 550 630 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 1,180 550 630 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 50 25 25 1,035 485 550
Croatian 125 60 60 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 70 30 35 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 5 5 0 150 75 75
Polish 285 140 145 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 445 200 240 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 70 30 35 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 500 235 265
Slovak 20 10 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 75 25 45 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 5 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 885 425 460 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 50 20 30 1,475 715 760
Danish 25 15 15 305 145 160
Dutch 190 85 100 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 580 290 300 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 15 5 10 140 60 80
Swedish 20 10 10 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 50 25 25 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 3,080 1,475 1,605 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 2,610 1,240 1,370 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 70 30 35 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 35 15 15 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 185 90 90 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 5 0 40 25 25
Marathi 15 5 10 270 140 130
Nepali 35 20 15 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,075 970 1,105 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 10 10 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 675 330 340
Urdu 155 75 70 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 460 230 230 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 25 15 10 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 435 215 220 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,865 870 995 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 160 70 95 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 450 205 240 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 100 40 60 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,155 550 600 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 525 205 320 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 5 0 5 30 15 15
Korean 1,030 455 580 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 75 30 45 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 15 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 20 5 10 200 90 115
Wolof 0 5 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 140 80 60 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 35 20 15 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 60 45 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,375 3,340 4,030 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 7,345 3,325 4,015 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 2,860 1,315 1,545 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 10 5 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 4,035 1,815 2,220 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 30 40 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 40 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 300 135 170 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 1,745 885 865
Burmese 10 5 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 20 5 10 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 95 45 55 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 95 40 55 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 40 20 20 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 35 15 20 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 175 85 90 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 35 15 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 140 65 70 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 9,565 4,360 5,210 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 685 325 360 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 8,635 3,915 4,725 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 45 15 25 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 195 100 100 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 377,665 182,240 195,430 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 344,665 167,330 177,330 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 9,650 4,510 5,135 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 5,110 2,280 2,830 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 17,570 7,820 9,750 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 410 185 225 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 17,160 7,635 9,530 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 75 35 40 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 220 105 115 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 375 155 220 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 323,105 154,705 168,395 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 313,565 150,050 163,515 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,101 43,280 32,519 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 313,940 150,340 163,600 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,999 37,664 29,515 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 291,005 139,955 151,050 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,287 41,169 28,761 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 220,730 95,175 125,555 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,626 5,487 5,685 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 235,565 117,030 118,530 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,820 37,181 27,515 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 323,120 154,690 168,430 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 313,485 149,965 163,515 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,004 56,068 40,608 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 313,905 150,315 163,590 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,939 45,390 34,931 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 291,045 139,970 151,075 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,044 55,034 37,714 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 220,660 95,125 125,535 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,466 7,411 7,508 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 235,565 117,480 118,085 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,654 48,343 35,000 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 323,120 154,690 168,430 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 100,060 54,770 45,290 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,896 59,237 49,179 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,987 67,979 54,742 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.0 91.5 85.9 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.5 68.2 62.2 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.0 8.5 14.1 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 323,105 154,705 168,395 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 9,540 4,660 4,880 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 313,565 150,045 163,520 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 97.0 97.0 97.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 38,870 16,965 21,900 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 49,620 20,050 29,565 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 41,670 16,905 24,760 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 37,070 15,960 21,110 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 34,105 15,280 18,825 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 27,780 13,445 14,335 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 21,305 11,800 9,505 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 17,165 9,825 7,335 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 12,865 7,740 5,130 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 9,080 5,505 3,570 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 24,050 16,570 7,480 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 16,365 11,040 5,325 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 7,680 5,530 2,155 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 323,105 154,710 168,395 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 9,165 4,370 4,790 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 313,940 150,340 163,600 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 97.2 97.2 97.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 41,265 18,090 23,170 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 52,180 21,485 30,690 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 50,090 20,890 29,200 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 43,960 19,300 24,665 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 38,350 17,920 20,430 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 28,240 15,315 12,930 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 20,580 12,015 8,565 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 14,105 8,350 5,755 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 25,175 16,985 8,190 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 8,045 5,125 2,925 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 4,955 3,320 1,630 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 12,180 8,545 3,635 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 323,100 154,710 168,400 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 87,545 37,680 49,870 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 235,560 117,035 118,530 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 72.9 75.6 70.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 39,980 18,660 21,320 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 17,595 7,535 10,060 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 30,295 13,185 17,110 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 25,355 11,395 13,960 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 23,315 10,625 12,685 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 22,630 9,985 12,645 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 18,335 8,980 9,360 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 14,165 8,050 6,115 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 12,320 7,240 5,085 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 31,575 21,390 10,185 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 9,570 5,885 3,680 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 6,525 4,135 2,385 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 15,485 11,360 4,120 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 170,160 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,665 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,652 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 56,720 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,429 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,293 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 113,440 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,630 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,439 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 170,160 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 88,438 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,679 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 56,740 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,186 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,804 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 113,420 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 109,075 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,626 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 170,155 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,455 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,210 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,135 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,730 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,220 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,455 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,945 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,255 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,175 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,140 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,590 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,195 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,510 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,455 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,250 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,445 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,110 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,490 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,120 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 9,730 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 170,155 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,690 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,255 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,235 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,045 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,440 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,935 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,525 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,680 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,520 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,505 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,235 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,075 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,570 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,925 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,140 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 39,390 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,900 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,950 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,545 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 105,660 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,455 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,935 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 50,465 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,885 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,253 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 37,615 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,510 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,468 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 14,580 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,039 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,843 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 105,735 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 110,112 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,130 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 50,480 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,410 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,194 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 37,690 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,386 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,337 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 14,505 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,658 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,409 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 82,365 37,715 44,650 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,199 32,549 31,940 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,037 29,094 28,989 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 82,225 37,735 44,490 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,417 43,027 40,052 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,284 36,105 34,588 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 372,875 179,965 192,905 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 174,015 81,325 92,695 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 40,710 19,645 21,060 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 32,860 14,650 18,215 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 32,020 14,760 17,260 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 32,810 15,265 17,540 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 35,615 17,000 18,615 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 198,855 98,640 100,215 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 37,265 17,960 19,305 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 39,395 19,445 19,950 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 41,105 20,505 20,600 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 42,330 21,265 21,070 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 38,770 19,470 19,300 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 367,660 177,465 190,190 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 59,440 30,145 29,300 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 19,010 9,555 9,455 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 232,945 112,650 120,295 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 75,270 34,675 40,600 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 48,985 22,685 26,300 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 9,300 4,850 4,445 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 2,885 1,495 1,390 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 31,570 14,655 16,915 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 8,115 3,175 4,940 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.3 12.8 13.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.6 16.1 15.2 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 15.2 15.6 14.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.0 14.1 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.8 9.2 12.2 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 32,930 16,045 16,885 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 5,350 2,745 2,605 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,495 775 725 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 25,325 12,355 12,970 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 2,250 940 1,315 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.0 9.0 8.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.0 9.1 8.9 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 7.9 8.1 7.7 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 3.0 2.7 3.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 372,875 179,965 192,910 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 369,775 178,695 191,085 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 369,630 178,640 190,990 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 38,010 16,840 21,165 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 69,245 31,415 37,835 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 740 335 410 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 140 60 80 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 120 55 70 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 40 20 20 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 15 0 20 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 70 35 40 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 10 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 30 15 15 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 30 15 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 10 10 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 10 10 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 10 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 10 10 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 10 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 10 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 10 10 10 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 10 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 20 10 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 420 195 225 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 30 10 20 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 10 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 345 155 190 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 10 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 10 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 25 10 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 15 10 10 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 90 35 50 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 25 10 20 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 60 25 35 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 15 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 68,550 31,105 37,450 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,335 1,265 1,060 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 125 55 75 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 30 15 20 245 140 110
Somali 95 35 55 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,195 1,215 985 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 140 65 80 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,660 955 700 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 345 160 185 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 35 20 15 315 155 155
Tigrigna 65 30 35 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,390 650 740 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 175 95 80 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 1,220 555 665 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 5,355 1,920 3,435 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 375 160 215 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 100 30 70 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 285 105 175 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 320 125 205 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 855 365 495
Pangasinan 20 10 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,815 1,705 3,110 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 25 10 20 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100 40 50 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 160 80 75 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 75 55 20 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 20 50 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 425 235 190 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 30 20 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 155 95 60 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 195 105 90 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 95 45 50 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 39,430 18,285 21,145 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 145 95 50 1,640 840 795
Armenian 70 35 40 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 5,140 2,375 2,765 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 90 60 35 1,030 515 520
Latvian 45 25 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 45 35 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 5,050 2,315 2,735 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 55 15 40 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 150 80 75 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 755 395 360 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 545 260 285 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 15 10 0 400 220 185
Polish 1,195 540 650 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,710 760 950 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 235 105 125 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 60 40 20 1,525 770 750
Slovak 155 80 75 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 15 40 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 755 320 440 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 150 60 90 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 30 660 395 265
Welsh 55 20 35 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 860 450 410
Germanic languages 12,105 5,580 6,530 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 595 290 300 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 640 285 355 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,275 1,115 1,155 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 60 20 40 465 230 240
German 8,230 3,750 4,475 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 95 50 45 405 210 195
Norwegian 305 165 140 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 385 175 215 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 35 40 545 270 275
Yiddish 55 15 40 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 540 290 250 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 8,025 4,035 3,990 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 6,865 3,450 3,420 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 145 55 90 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 195 105 90 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 1,895 990 900 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 10 0 60 30 25
Konkani 15 10 10 415 215 200
Marathi 50 30 20 1,475 780 695
Nepali 95 30 70 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,310 2,620 2,690 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 70 30 40 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 75 35 35 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 535 300 235 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,150 575 580 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 20 10 10 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 35 25 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,120 550 570 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 55 25 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 15,145 6,660 8,485 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 55 30 30 395 210 180
Italian 2,385 1,020 1,365 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,765 835 935 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 300 135 170 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 11,415 4,945 6,465 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 380 245 140
Japanese 2,940 1,240 1,700 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 1,875 820 1,050 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 0 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 655 325 330 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 10 10 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 20 10 10 165 80 85
Igbo 45 15 30 425 240 185
Lingala 20 15 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 25 25 290 125 165
Shona 70 45 20 415 220 195
Swahili 280 140 140 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 90 40 50 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 325 155 165
Sign languages 865 320 550 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 440 145 300 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 425 170 255 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,090 5,965 7,130 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 13,045 5,950 7,105 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 5,935 2,820 3,115 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 35 10 25 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 7,750 3,420 4,320 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 275 100 175 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 135 55 85 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 475 180 295 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 15 30 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 15 10 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 440 170 270 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 25 20 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 415 150 260 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 310 175 135 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 35 20 10 945 510 435
Turkish 280 155 120 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 10 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,125 535 590 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 80 25 50 780 350 425
Finnish 230 80 145 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 820 425 395 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 372,875 179,965 192,915 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 349,885 169,665 180,220 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 57,630 29,290 28,335 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 292,255 140,375 151,880 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 22,990 10,300 12,695 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 372,875 179,965 192,910 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 297,135 145,405 151,740 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 68,925 31,295 37,630 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 32,495 15,135 17,355 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 7,490 3,325 4,170 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 8,990 3,990 5,000 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 12,065 5,295 6,770 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 5,100 2,235 2,865 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 6,960 3,055 3,905 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,885 3,555 4,335 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,815 3,265 3,550 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 68,920 31,295 37,625 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 7,845 3,830 4,010 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 12,090 5,850 6,235 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 15,520 6,940 8,575 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 27,870 12,160 15,710 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 5,605 2,510 3,095 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 68,925 31,295 37,630 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 10,570 4,580 5,990 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 195 95 105 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 305 125 180 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 175 70 105 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 100 40 60 1,305 600 710
Haiti 65 25 40 570 250 315
Jamaica 300 165 135 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 795 350 440 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 145 65 80 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 250 90 160 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,930 3,015 3,915 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,310 540 770 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 31,665 15,055 16,610 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 125 60 65 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 375 205 165 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 570 215 360 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 3,160 1,400 1,760 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 230 135 90 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 545 305 240 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 480 250 230 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 680 355 325 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,695 875 825 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 905 375 525 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 700 320 385 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 315 150 165 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 615 275 340 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 155 90 65 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 425 205 225 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 17,630 8,330 9,300 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 3,060 1,520 1,540 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,925 1,420 1,505 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 10 0 485 310 175
Egypt 195 130 70 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 180 75 100 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 210 75 135 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 115 70 45 985 535 455
Nigeria 130 65 65 1,740 925 815
Somalia 55 25 30 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,190 560 630 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 840 410 425 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 22,390 9,585 12,805 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 70 45 30 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 70 30 35 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 5,590 2,375 3,220 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,245 585 660 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,715 1,845 1,870 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 780 380 400 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 100 55 45 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 905 210 695 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,160 510 655 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 140 85 60 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 400 220 180 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 4,380 1,560 2,820 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 130 55 70 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 150 85 70 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 665 250 420 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 935 420 515 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,935 875 1,060 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,380 655 720 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,880 3,550 4,335 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,110 460 650 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 50 30 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 50 10 45 580 250 325
Cuba 15 0 20 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 195 90 105 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 645 265 375 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 145 60 90 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,235 640 590 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 50 20 25 970 510 460
Germany 105 55 55 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 50 30 15 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 245 120 125
Romania 15 10 10 690