Census Profile, 2016 Census
Cowichan Valley, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Cowichan Valley, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Cowichan Valley, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : Cowichan Valley, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 83,739 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 80,332 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 37,919 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,272 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 24.1 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,474.52 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 83,735 41,015 42,725 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 12,340 6,285 6,050 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 3,770 1,900 1,865 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 4,270 2,190 2,085 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 4,300 2,200 2,095 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 51,335 24,905 26,430 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 4,500 2,275 2,225 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 3,515 1,855 1,665 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 3,600 1,800 1,795 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 4,065 1,965 2,095 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 4,335 2,070 2,270 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 4,535 2,215 2,320 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 5,115 2,435 2,680 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 6,680 3,185 3,495 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,460 3,505 3,955 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,530 3,605 3,930 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 20,065 9,820 10,245 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 7,195 3,650 3,545 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,870 2,395 2,480 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,380 1,685 1,695 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,315 1,150 1,165 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,300 940 1,365 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,455 660 790 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 660 230 430 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 170 40 130 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 20 5 15 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.7 15.3 14.2 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 61.3 60.7 61.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 24.0 23.9 24.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.7 2.3 3.2 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 45.7 45.2 46.3 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 49.9 49.2 50.4 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,275 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 25,905 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 7,520 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,400 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,535 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,175 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,275 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 140 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,840 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,270 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 9,555 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 14,850 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 4,705 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 3,935 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,220 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 81,880 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 71,395 34,725 36,675 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 43,845 21,875 21,970 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 35,315 17,625 17,695 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 8,525 4,250 4,275 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 27,555 12,855 14,700 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 15,275 8,440 6,830 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,210 985 1,225 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,575 2,375 3,195 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,505 1,055 3,450 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 25,290 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 15,770 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 4,480 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 3,600 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,435 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 25,290 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 21,475 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 17,205 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,260 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,820 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 2,855 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 965 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 21,470 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 13,370 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 8,100 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 3,490 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 3,295 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,320 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,820 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,400 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 990 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 430 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,680 6,920 7,760 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,275 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 23,785 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,730 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 11,060 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 725 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 10,760 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 9,560 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,200 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 82,915 40,645 42,270 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 77,715 38,315 39,400 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 15 5 15 1,810 820 985
English and French 4,975 2,235 2,740 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 210 90 115 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 82,910 40,645 42,270 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 81,725 40,075 41,655 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 910 450 460 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 80 40 40 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 195 80 115 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 950 470 485 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 82,915 40,645 42,270 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 82,260 40,330 41,925 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 76,855 37,820 39,040 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 75,860 37,320 38,540 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 995 495 500 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 5,400 2,510 2,885 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 380 190 195 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 5 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 5 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 350 175 170 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 320 160 160 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 5 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 5 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 5 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 15 5 5 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 5 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,020 2,330 2,695 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 80 45 35 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 5 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 75 45 30 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 5 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 60 35 30 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 10 5 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 100 45 50 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 90 40 50 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 310 85 225 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 15 5 15 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 0 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 25 0 20 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 10 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 250 75 175 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5 0 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 40 20 20 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 30 15 15 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 10 5 5 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 0 0 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 3,650 1,755 1,895 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 0 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 5 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 510 235 275 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 15 10 10 1,070 485 585
Latvian 10 5 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 10 0 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 490 225 265 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 10 5 5 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 5 5 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 50 20 25 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 70 30 40 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 110 55 60 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 75 30 45 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 15 5 5 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 20 10 10 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 5 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 125 60 60 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 20 15 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 10 10 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,005 950 1,050 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 55 35 20 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 150 75 70 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 650 285 360 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 5 0 295 145 145
German 1,015 485 530 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 50 25 25 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 50 20 30 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 35 25 15 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 600 305 300 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 575 280 290 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 5 0 5 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 15 10 5 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 25 15 10 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 5 5 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 500 240 260 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 15 10 5 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 30 20 10 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 5 5 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 25 15 10 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 475 230 245 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 155 85 70 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 60 25 30 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 35 15 15 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 225 100 130 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 85 20 65 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 130 60 65 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 0 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 5 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 20 15 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 355 165 195 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 350 155 190 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 125 60 70 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 155 70 85 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 25 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 10 5 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 10 5 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 25 0 20 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 20 5 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 5 5 0 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 5 5 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 210 105 110 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 10 5 0 705 295 410
Finnish 90 35 55 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 115 60 55 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 655 315 345 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 140 70 70 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 470 215 250 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 20 15 10 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 30 10 15 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 82,915 40,645 42,270 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 82,030 40,235 41,790 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 80,685 39,595 41,090 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 80,530 39,530 41,000 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 160 65 90 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 1,345 640 705 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 35 20 15 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 30 20 15 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 35 20 15 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,310 620 685 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 30 15 20 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 35 20 15 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 30 15 20 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 30 35 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 65 30 30 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 80 30 55 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 30 50 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 25 10 10 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 20 10 10 1,225 615 605
Tamil 5 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 710 335 380 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 60 30 30 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 60 35 30 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 5 0 5 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 10 5 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 10 5 5 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 20 15 10 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 0 0 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 10 5 5 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 185 90 95 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 20 10 10 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 40 20 20 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 110 55 55 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 5 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 15 10 5 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 335 150 180 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 330 150 180 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 5 5 0 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 10 5 5 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 5 0 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 300 140 165 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 10 5 5 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 5 5 0 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 5 5 0 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 120 50 70 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 10 5 5 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 0 0 5 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 5 0 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 100 45 55 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 30 5 20 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 100 50 50 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 30 20 5 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 195 105 95 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 185 95 90 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 70 35 35 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 95 45 45 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 10 10 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 5 5 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 30 15 15 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 10 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 20 10 10 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 885 410 475 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 80 45 40 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 780 360 425 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 5 0 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 82,910 40,645 42,270 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 79,160 38,940 40,220 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 625 295 330 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 820 370 450 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 2,235 1,005 1,230 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 380 180 200 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 1,855 825 1,030 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 0 5 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 20 5 10 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 60 30 25 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 69,620 33,885 35,735 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,125 32,715 34,410 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,123 40,201 26,323 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,215 32,780 34,430 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,120 35,527 24,706 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,810 29,585 30,230 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,650 36,916 22,374 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 50,005 22,635 27,370 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,415 9,298 7,882 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 46,670 23,960 22,710 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,166 33,916 22,455 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 69,625 33,885 35,735 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,070 32,795 34,280 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,760 50,506 33,394 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,140 32,820 34,320 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,477 41,805 29,425 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,585 29,535 30,055 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,439 48,758 30,283 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 49,980 22,670 27,315 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,022 9,549 8,585 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 46,670 23,850 22,820 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,340 45,411 28,905 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 69,620 33,890 35,735 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 18,150 10,240 7,915 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,639 58,792 43,021 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,782 64,192 47,191 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.0 87.1 79.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 62.2 65.6 57.4 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.0 12.9 20.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 69,620 33,890 35,735 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,495 1,175 1,325 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 67,125 32,715 34,415 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.5 96.3 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,675 4,045 5,630 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 12,090 4,620 7,475 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 9,980 3,905 6,070 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 8,305 3,705 4,600 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 6,810 3,275 3,540 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,075 2,750 2,325 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,025 2,505 1,520 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,035 1,990 1,050 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,320 1,560 765 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,680 1,175 505 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,120 3,180 945 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,090 2,370 715 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,040 810 225 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 69,620 33,885 35,735 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,410 1,110 1,300 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 67,210 32,780 34,435 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.7 96.4 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,160 4,275 5,885 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 12,740 4,980 7,765 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 11,625 4,675 6,950 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 9,430 4,315 5,120 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 7,290 3,775 3,515 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 5,305 3,280 2,020 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 3,715 2,445 1,270 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,670 1,820 850 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,275 3,220 1,050 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,530 1,135 395 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 945 730 220 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,795 1,355 435 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 69,620 33,885 35,735 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 22,955 9,930 13,025 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 46,665 23,960 22,710 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 67.0 70.7 63.6 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,940 4,980 4,960 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 3,515 1,495 2,020 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 6,045 2,475 3,575 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 5,195 2,235 2,960 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 4,620 1,895 2,730 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 3,815 1,785 2,025 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 3,030 1,635 1,395 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 2,555 1,640 910 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,170 1,415 755 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 5,775 4,395 1,380 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,665 1,115 545 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,255 920 335 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 2,855 2,355 495 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,275 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,191 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,783 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,555 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,260 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,315 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,715 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,631 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,813 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,270 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,411 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,529 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,540 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,099 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,359 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,730 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,615 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,455 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,270 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 530 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 460 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,035 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,525 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,705 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,500 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,635 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,660 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,645 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,575 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,945 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,725 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,500 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,205 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,850 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,790 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,720 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,445 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,280 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,335 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,270 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 565 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 470 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,040 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,585 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,990 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,705 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,990 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,940 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,885 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,735 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,440 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,155 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,650 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,350 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,880 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,900 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,350 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,745 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,805 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 24,840 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,328 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,561 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,480 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,945 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,891 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,195 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,679 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,842 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,430 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,605 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,441 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 24,890 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,175 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,957 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,455 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,509 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,103 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,220 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,486 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,307 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,425 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,169 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,314 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,785 6,065 6,720 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,393 31,533 28,032 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,972 28,699 25,786 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,600 5,925 6,675 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,267 42,113 34,854 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,087 35,755 30,718 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 81,885 40,130 41,750 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 43,860 20,905 22,950 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 9,955 4,835 5,125 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 9,230 4,160 5,070 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 8,435 4,000 4,435 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 8,140 3,950 4,190 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 8,095 3,960 4,130 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 38,025 19,225 18,795 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 8,275 4,140 4,135 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 8,165 4,080 4,090 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 7,970 4,060 3,915 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 7,755 3,975 3,785 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 5,850 2,975 2,875 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 77,850 38,055 39,790 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 13,650 6,925 6,725 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 4,055 2,040 2,015 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 45,375 21,815 23,560 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 18,820 9,320 9,505 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,940 5,550 6,390 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 2,895 1,475 1,420 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 925 465 460 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 6,765 3,105 3,655 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,285 965 1,310 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.6 16.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 21.2 21.3 21.1 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 22.8 22.8 22.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.9 14.2 15.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.1 10.4 13.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,240 2,615 2,625 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,140 570 565 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 360 185 175 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 3,775 1,865 1,905 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 330 175 155 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.7 6.9 6.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.4 8.2 8.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 8.9 9.1 8.7 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 8.5 8.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.9 1.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 81,885 40,135 41,750 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 81,605 40,000 41,605 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 81,580 39,990 41,590 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 4,910 2,180 2,725 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 8,085 3,640 4,450 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 755 370 385 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 10 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 10 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 10 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 10 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 680 330 345 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 620 310 320 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 10 0 15 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 10 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 10 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 10 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 20 10 10 1,460 670 795
Haisla 10 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,340 3,270 4,070 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 115 75 40 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 115 75 40 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 100 70 35 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 10 10 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 120 50 70 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 120 50 70 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 370 100 270 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 15 0 15 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 10 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 50 10 40 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 25 10 15 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 325 85 235 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 0 0 10 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 70 40 30 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 45 30 15 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 25 15 0 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 15 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 5,610 2,585 3,030 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 590 280 305 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 20 15 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 565 270 295 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 10 10 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 15 10 10 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 60 20 40 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 120 70 50 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 120 60 65 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 75 20 55 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 0 0 0 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 40 20 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 125 60 60 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 30 15 15 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 10 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,640 1,210 1,430 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 115 50 65 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 135 60 75 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 775 325 450 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 10 10 465 230 240
German 1,515 740 770 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 55 30 25 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 140 45 95 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 55 25 25 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 870 440 430 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 815 415 405 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 10 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 10 0 0 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 135 75 55 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 20 15 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 670 320 350 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 50 25 30 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 60 35 25 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 10 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 55 30 25 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 1,655 735 920 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 255 115 145 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 130 55 75 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 35 20 15 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,305 570 740 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 160 50 110 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 110 60 50 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 40 15 30 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 45 15 30 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 160 45 115 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 80 10 70 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 405 180 225 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 405 180 225 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 130 50 80 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 235 100 135 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 20 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 25 15 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 75 15 60 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 70 15 55 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 10 10 10 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 10 10 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 225 105 120 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 0 10 780 350 425
Finnish 115 45 75 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 100 55 45 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 81,885 40,135 41,750 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 79,255 38,960 40,290 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 14,730 7,480 7,245 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 64,525 31,480 33,040 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,630 1,170 1,460 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 81,880 40,130 41,750 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 71,240 35,195 36,050 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 10,285 4,780 5,510 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 6,520 3,100 3,420 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,000 445 555 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 810 345 460 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,195 480 710 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 485 190 295 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 705 290 415 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 765 405 360 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 350 160 190 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 10,290 4,775 5,515 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,400 680 715 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,040 1,000 1,050 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 2,630 1,195 1,435 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 3,515 1,580 1,940 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 705 325 375 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,290 4,780 5,510 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,510 645 870 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 25 10 15 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 0 0 0 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 10 10 10 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 10 0 0 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 35 10 25 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 50 25 25 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 10 10 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 25 20 0 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,155 475 680 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 180 80 100 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 6,550 3,150 3,395 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 15 10 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 40 20 20 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 90 45 45 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 710 365 345 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 35 20 15 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 100 40 60 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 85 50 40 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 105 60 50 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 675 325 355 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 95 40 55 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 45 20 20 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 45 25 25 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 25 20 10 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 25 10 15 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,835 1,840 1,995 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 590 265 320 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 305 145 165 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 10 0 0 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10 10 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 35 15 25 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 10 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 10 0 10 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 165 70 95 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 70 40 35 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,615 675 935 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 190 75 120 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 45 15 30 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 480 225 245 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 35 25 10 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 55 10 45 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 90 45 40 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 10 10 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 40 20 15 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 335 105 230 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 50 25 30 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 40 20 25 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 65 25 35 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 175 75 100 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 310 170 145 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 765 405 365 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 115 65 45 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 10 0 10 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 0 0 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 70 35 40 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 30 30 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 180 95 85 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 20 0 15 970 510 460
Germany 20 10 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 10 10 0 690 310