Census Profile, 2016 Census
Nanaimo, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nanaimo, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Nanaimo, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : Nanaimo, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 155,698 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 146,574 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 73,622 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 68,904 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 76.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,038.04 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 155,695 75,340 80,360 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 19,985 10,250 9,735 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 6,240 3,210 3,030 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,995 3,585 3,405 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,755 3,455 3,295 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 93,625 45,170 48,460 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 7,445 3,860 3,580 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,720 3,940 3,785 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 7,605 3,830 3,780 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 8,045 3,905 4,140 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 7,670 3,710 3,955 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 8,060 3,910 4,150 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 9,145 4,325 4,820 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 10,955 5,115 5,845 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 12,950 6,065 6,885 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 14,030 6,515 7,515 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 42,090 19,915 22,170 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 13,845 6,650 7,195 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 10,445 5,125 5,320 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 7,320 3,600 3,720 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 5,165 2,470 2,695 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 5,305 2,065 3,240 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 3,295 1,435 1,855 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,535 515 1,025 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 420 110 305 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 55 10 50 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.8 13.6 12.1 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 60.1 60.0 60.3 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 27.0 26.4 27.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.4 2.7 4.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 47.2 46.3 48.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 51.1 49.9 52.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 68,905 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 44,910 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,320 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 20,045 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,985 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 2,940 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,335 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,640 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 145 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,635 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 68,905 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 20,190 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 29,880 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 8,775 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 6,635 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,430 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 151,630 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 135,710 65,085 70,625 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 81,785 40,795 40,990 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 66,730 33,310 33,425 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 15,055 7,485 7,570 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 53,925 24,290 29,635 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 29,520 16,145 13,375 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,935 1,710 2,225 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 11,130 4,360 6,770 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 9,345 2,075 7,265 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 46,660 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 30,495 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 8,005 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 6,045 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,110 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 46,660 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 39,875 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 32,350 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 7,525 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,780 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 5,245 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,535 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 39,880 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 26,130 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 13,745 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 6,135 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 5,630 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,985 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,785 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 4,365 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,870 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 545 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 31,280 14,365 16,910 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 68,905 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 44,635 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 25,190 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,445 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,000 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 23,275 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 20,185 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,085 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 153,155 74,450 78,710 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 142,510 69,730 72,775 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 15 10 10 1,810 820 985
English and French 10,020 4,455 5,565 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 615 260 355 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 153,160 74,450 78,710 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 150,450 73,185 77,260 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,910 925 985 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 205 90 115 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 595 250 350 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,015 970 1,045 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 153,155 74,445 78,710 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 151,630 73,735 77,895 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 137,690 67,220 70,475 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 135,570 66,195 69,380 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 2,125 1,025 1,100 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 13,940 6,510 7,420 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 135 55 80 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 20 5 15 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 15 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 0 5 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 5 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 5 35 20 10
Salish languages 35 15 20 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 30 15 20 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 5 5 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 5 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 40 15 25 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 5 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 20 10 15 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 15 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,805 6,460 7,340 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 365 250 115 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 5 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 355 245 115 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 10 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 305 215 90 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 30 20 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 15 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 520 250 270 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 90 45 45 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 430 200 225 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 820 280 540 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 40 10 25 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 5 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 10 5 10 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 40 15 20 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 30 5 25 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 645 220 425 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 10 5 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 50 30 20 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 35 20 10 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 15 10 5 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 5 0 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 8,570 4,105 4,460 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 5 5 5 1,465 765 705
Armenian 10 5 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,545 730 815 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 45 25 20 1,070 485 585
Latvian 30 15 15 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,495 710 790 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 5 5 5 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 25 20 10 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 185 100 85 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 155 70 85 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 20 10 10 325 160 165
Polish 325 150 170 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 275 115 160 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 60 30 30 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 10 1,395 670 725
Slovak 75 35 40 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 300 140 160 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 345 175 170
Celtic languages 35 15 15 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 20 10 10 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 4,265 2,005 2,265 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 115 55 65 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 365 180 190 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,085 515 565 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 10 5 10 295 145 145
German 2,355 1,080 1,275 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 15 10 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 135 55 80 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 145 70 65 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 25 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 10 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 90 60 30 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,385 705 675 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,220 625 595 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 25 15 10 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 50 25 25 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 140 70 65 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 940 470 470 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 10 5 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 40 25 20 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 160 80 80 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 5 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 160 80 80 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,235 580 655 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 350 195 150 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 200 90 110 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 60 25 30 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 625 270 355 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 370 130 235 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 470 195 275 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 90 45 45 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 45 25 20
Ga 0 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 5 0 5 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 155 70 80
Shona 5 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 5 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 15 5 10 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 20 15 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,925 880 1,040 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,920 875 1,040 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 505 230 280 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 10 0 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,240 570 665 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 10 25 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 65 55 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 5 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 100 25 75 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 5 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 95 20 70 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 35 25 15 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 30 20 15 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 440 215 225 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 25 15 10 705 295 410
Finnish 135 60 75 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 275 140 135 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,530 720 810 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 385 180 200 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,090 510 570 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 35 10 20 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 25 10 15 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 153,160 74,450 78,710 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 150,735 73,345 77,385 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 146,210 71,150 75,055 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 145,795 70,960 74,840 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 415 190 220 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 4,525 2,195 2,330 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 5 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 5 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,520 2,195 2,325 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 200 120 80 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 10 0 5 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 5 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 195 115 75 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 175 105 65 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 350 170 175 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 30 35 800 375 420
Vietnamese 280 140 140 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 220 100 125 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 5 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 5 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 190 85 105 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 10 10 5 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 15 10 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 5 5 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,880 915 965 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 5 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 380 175 205 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 370 175 195 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 10 5 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 45 20 25 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 45 20 20 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 5 5 5 150 75 75
Polish 70 30 35 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 155 75 85 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 10 5 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 500 235 265
Slovak 10 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 10 5 5 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 425 205 215 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 45 20 20 1,475 715 760
Danish 25 10 15 305 145 160
Dutch 100 50 50 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 225 110 115 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 5 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 5 5 140 60 80
Swedish 10 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 20 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 755 375 385 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 665 335 330 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 10 10 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 15 5 10 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 50 30 25 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 5 0 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 560 280 280 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 25 10 15 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 90 40 50 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 90 40 50 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 300 145 155 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 45 20 20 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 50 20 25 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 10 5 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 195 100 95 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 160 75 85 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 320 145 175 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 15 10 5 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 5 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 25 15 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,230 590 640 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,225 590 635 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 235 115 115 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 895 420 470 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 45 40 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 10 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 15 5 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 15 10 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 195 105 95
Turkish 15 5 10 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 75 35 35 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 25 10 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 45 20 25 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 2,430 1,105 1,325 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 165 65 100 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 2,225 1,020 1,195 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 10 0 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 153,160 74,450 78,710 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 144,800 70,625 74,175 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 2,085 1,005 1,080 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,480 640 845 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 4,655 2,115 2,540 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 150 65 85 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 4,510 2,055 2,450 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 15 10 5 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 60 35 25 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 65 20 45 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 131,685 63,410 68,275 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 127,890 61,560 66,335 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,009 39,050 26,862 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 128,025 61,650 66,370 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,963 34,413 25,112 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 115,410 56,380 59,030 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,056 34,912 22,523 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 97,055 43,595 53,460 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,570 9,511 8,114 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,710 43,855 42,855 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,825 30,707 22,128 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 131,685 63,380 68,305 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 127,950 61,535 66,410 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,934 49,945 34,511 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 128,055 61,625 66,430 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,659 41,491 30,248 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 115,425 56,335 59,090 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,961 47,399 30,915 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,080 43,655 53,425 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,945 9,235 8,708 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,705 43,665 43,045 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,011 42,397 29,533 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 131,685 63,380 68,305 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,065 17,830 14,235 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,369 54,248 43,590 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,680 61,320 48,617 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.7 86.8 79.7 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 58.7 61.6 54.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.3 13.2 20.3 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 131,685 63,410 68,275 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,795 1,850 1,940 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 127,890 61,560 66,330 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 97.1 97.1 97.2 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,560 6,935 9,625 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 24,000 9,015 14,985 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 19,880 8,140 11,750 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 16,400 7,365 9,035 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 13,495 6,515 6,980 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 10,015 5,415 4,600 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 7,490 4,595 2,890 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 5,475 3,395 2,075 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 4,080 2,585 1,495 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,925 1,900 1,030 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 7,570 5,705 1,865 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 5,495 4,095 1,400 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 2,075 1,615 460 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 131,685 63,410 68,275 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,665 1,760 1,900 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 128,025 61,650 66,375 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 97.2 97.2 97.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,580 7,390 10,190 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 25,285 9,700 15,585 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 23,235 9,770 13,465 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 18,725 8,670 10,055 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 14,190 7,270 6,925 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 9,675 5,815 3,860 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 6,710 4,230 2,480 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 4,610 2,870 1,735 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 8,005 5,935 2,070 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,805 2,000 805 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,595 1,165 430 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 3,605 2,770 835 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 131,685 63,410 68,270 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 44,980 19,560 25,420 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 86,705 43,855 42,850 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 65.8 69.2 62.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 18,170 9,005 9,165 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 7,060 3,070 3,990 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 12,265 5,200 7,070 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 9,920 4,345 5,580 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 8,655 3,725 4,930 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 7,380 3,405 3,975 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,745 3,065 2,675 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,345 2,705 1,635 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,450 2,155 1,300 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 9,720 7,180 2,535 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,775 1,790 990 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,985 1,325 660 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 4,955 4,070 885 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 68,905 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 62,349 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,521 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 20,185 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,875 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,809 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 48,720 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,395 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,150 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 68,905 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,868 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,269 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 20,155 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,901 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,050 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 48,750 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,151 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,177 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 68,900 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,160 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 935 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,170 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,130 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,435 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,985 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,440 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,430 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,375 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,115 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,950 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,405 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,715 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,300 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,730 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,610 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,745 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,180 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,035 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,645 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 68,905 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,245 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 950 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,220 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,220 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,915 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,680 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,020 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,010 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,885 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,595 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,690 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,980 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,275 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,420 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,405 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,375 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,805 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,045 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,525 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 46,275 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,469 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,084 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 24,775 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,504 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,871 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,900 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,867 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,807 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,360 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,102 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,856 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 46,275 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,187 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,044 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 24,840 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,186 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,037 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,935 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,337 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,625 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,350 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,615 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,552 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,340 13,105 15,235 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,316 29,504 27,720 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,153 26,696 25,786 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 28,340 13,070 15,270 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,161 38,845 35,719 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,056 32,927 31,310 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 151,625 73,645 77,990 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 82,375 38,905 43,470 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 18,115 8,670 9,445 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 17,200 7,735 9,465 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 15,895 7,435 8,455 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 15,745 7,560 8,180 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 15,425 7,500 7,925 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 69,255 34,740 34,515 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 14,925 7,320 7,600 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 14,975 7,485 7,495 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 14,600 7,285 7,315 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 13,725 6,960 6,765 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 11,030 5,690 5,345 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 150,595 73,110 77,480 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 24,010 12,350 11,660 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 7,515 3,855 3,665 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 87,500 41,860 45,640 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 39,090 18,900 20,185 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,345 11,240 13,105 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 5,330 2,775 2,555 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,730 900 825 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 14,365 6,595 7,775 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 4,645 1,875 2,770 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.2 15.4 16.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.5 21.9 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 23.0 23.3 22.5 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.4 15.8 17.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.9 9.9 13.7 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 12,960 6,360 6,595 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,645 1,385 1,260 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 860 460 400 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 9,555 4,625 4,925 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 760 345 415 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.7 8.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 11.0 11.2 10.8 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.9 10.9 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.8 2.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 151,630 73,645 77,985 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 151,025 73,375 77,650 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 151,015 73,370 77,645 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 9,955 4,490 5,460 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 18,905 8,880 10,030 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 325 160 160 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 50 30 15 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 15 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 10 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 0 15 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 25 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 25 20 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 15 0 10 455 195 255
Inuit languages 15 10 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 130 60 70 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 105 50 60 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 10 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 10 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 105 50 50 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 50 25 20 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 50 20 35 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 18,585 8,715 9,875 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 440 285 155 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 425 275 150 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 335 250 85 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 80 30 50 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 10 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 580 295 285 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 100 65 35 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 485 235 250 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,170 390 780 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 125 50 75 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 15 0 15 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 70 25 40 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 90 35 60 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 10 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,025 325 700 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 35 20 15 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 85 35 45 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 0 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 55 25 30 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 20 0 15 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 12,415 5,920 6,500 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 10 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,665 770 890 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 25 10 15 1,030 515 520
Latvian 15 10 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,640 760 880 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 15 10 10 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 25 15 15 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 275 155 120 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 185 90 90 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 20 10 10 400 220 185
Polish 320 140 175 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 365 145 220 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 95 30 60 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 35 25 15 1,525 770 750
Slovak 80 35 45 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 20 15 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 340 140 200 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 95 55 40 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 40 20 15 660 395 265
Welsh 35 25 15 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 5,555 2,635 2,920 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 310 175 140 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 420 175 245 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,345 615 730 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 35 15 20 465 230 240
German 3,260 1,575 1,685 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 170 60 105 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 195 95 100 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 20 545 270 275
Yiddish 30 20 15 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 155 95 60
Greek 150 90 55 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 1,770 890 880 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 1,550 770 780 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 35 15 20 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 75 30 45 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 415 195 220 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 10 10 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 20 0 25 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,205 620 585 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 10 10 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 105 65 45 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 225 125 105 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 225 120 105 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 3,635 1,730 1,900 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 700 345 355 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 370 160 210 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 90 55 35 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 2,665 1,245 1,420 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 605 280 330 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 405 195 210 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 210 120 90 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 10 105 30 70
Ga 0 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 20 10 20 165 80 85
Igbo 35 25 10 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 10 10 0 415 220 195
Swahili 35 20 20 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 55 30 20 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 220 80 140 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 95 35 65 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,275 1,085 1,195 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 2,270 1,080 1,190 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 660 295 370 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 10 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,575 760 815 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 15 45 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 60 65 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 10 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 105 25 80 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 15 0 15 1,630 735 890
Thai 100 25 75 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 75 35 40 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 30 10 20 945 510 435
Turkish 40 20 20 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 505 205 305 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 35 15 15 780 350 425
Finnish 125 50 75 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 345 135 215 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 151,625 73,640 77,985 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 145,125 70,555 74,565 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,565 12,245 11,325 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 121,560 58,315 63,245 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,500 3,085 3,420 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 151,630 73,645 77,985 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 126,320 61,680 64,640 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 23,680 11,055 12,620 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 14,170 6,820 7,350 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 2,265 985 1,280 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 2,200 945 1,255 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 3,345 1,505 1,840 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 1,490 650 840 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,855 855 1,005 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,705 800 900 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,625 905 720 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 23,680 11,060 12,625 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,800 1,375 1,420 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 4,215 2,065 2,150 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 5,680 2,490 3,195 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 9,305 4,380 4,930 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 1,680 750 930 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 23,680 11,060 12,625 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,820 1,165 1,655 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 60 15 50 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 55 15 40 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 15 10 10 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 25 20 10 1,305 600 710
Haiti 20 0 15 570 250 315
Jamaica 45 10 30 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 145 50 95 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 65 20 40 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 45 15 30 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,070 895 1,175 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 270 115 155 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 14,490 7,080 7,410 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 10 35 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 230 130 105 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 180 95 80 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,700 810 885 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 70 55 20 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 205 85 120 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 240 115 125 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 235 145 95 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,085 495 595 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 240 125 120 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 120 85 40 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 110 55 55 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 125 40 90 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 50 30 20 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 95 40 55 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,225 4,020 4,205 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,535 750 790 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 930 495 435 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 30 20 15 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 25 10 15 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 30 15 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 10 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 40 20 25 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 540 290 255 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 235 120 120 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 4,965 2,115 2,845 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 30 15 15 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 940 440 500 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 165 100 75 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 960 475 490 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 215 115 95 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 10 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 205 55 155 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 330 135 195 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 20 20 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 35 10 25 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 940 310 630 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 25 15 10 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 60 20 35 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 80 40 45 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 405 165 240 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 545 200 350 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 480 200 280 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,705 805 900 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 220 125 95 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 15 10 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 10 140 60 80
Haiti 10 10 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 20 0 15 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 155 95 65 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 365 165 200 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 10 0 970 510 460
Germany 75 10 65 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380