Census Profile, 2016 Census
Strathcona, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Strathcona, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Strathcona, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : Strathcona, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 44,671 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 43,252 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 21,681 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 19,610 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 18,278.06 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 44,670 22,260 22,415 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 6,715 3,490 3,230 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 2,040 1,095 945 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 2,380 1,195 1,180 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 2,290 1,195 1,105 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 28,225 13,885 14,335 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 2,345 1,225 1,125 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 2,070 1,050 1,020 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 2,185 1,115 1,065 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 2,345 1,145 1,195 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 2,455 1,230 1,220 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 2,480 1,165 1,310 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 2,730 1,335 1,395 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 3,445 1,650 1,795 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 4,120 1,995 2,125 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 4,065 1,975 2,090 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 9,735 4,880 4,850 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 3,785 1,960 1,830 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 2,530 1,290 1,235 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 1,535 800 725 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 965 475 495 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 920 360 560 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 600 275 330 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 250 75 180 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 55 10 45 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 10 5 5 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.7 14.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.2 62.4 64.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 21.8 21.9 21.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.6 2.5 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 44.6 44.1 45.1 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 48.2 47.6 48.8 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 19,610 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 13,170 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 5,265 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 900 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,080 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 815 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,450 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,165 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 19,610 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 5,765 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 8,230 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 2,470 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 2,105 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,045 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 43,810 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 37,960 18,770 19,185 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 22,990 11,510 11,480 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 17,960 9,010 8,950 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 5,035 2,505 2,530 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 14,965 7,260 7,705 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 8,410 4,815 3,595 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,250 575 675 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 3,065 1,345 1,725 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 2,235 530 1,710 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 13,345 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 8,410 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 2,285 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 1,910 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 735 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 13,340 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 11,260 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 8,745 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,515 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,080 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 1,575 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 505 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 11,260 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 7,085 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 4,175 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 1,750 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 1,745 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 675 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,080 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 1,320 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 535 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 225 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 8,555 4,355 4,200 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 19,610 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 12,790 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,870 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,920 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 275 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 6,545 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 5,765 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 780 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 44,410 22,140 22,275 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 41,175 20,700 20,475 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 10 0 5 1,810 820 985
English and French 3,135 1,395 1,740 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 90 45 45 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 44,410 22,140 22,270 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 43,635 21,780 21,860 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 655 305 350 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 45 15 25 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 75 35 45 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 675 320 360 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 44,410 22,135 22,270 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 44,080 21,975 22,100 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 41,275 20,660 20,615 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 40,560 20,330 20,230 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 715 330 385 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 2,800 1,310 1,485 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 180 85 95 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 10 5 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 10 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 50 30 20 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 5 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 45 30 20 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 105 45 55 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 55 20 30 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 50 25 25 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,620 1,230 1,395 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 15 5 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 25 15 5 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 0 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 20 15 5 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 0 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 170 75 95 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 170 75 90 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 225 70 155 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 25 5 15 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 5 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 20 5 10 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 165 50 120 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 0 0 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 0 0 0 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 0 0 0 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 10 5 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 1,740 855 885 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 0 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 0 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 315 140 175 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 10 5 0 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 0 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 10 5 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 310 135 175 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 55 25 30 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 50 25 25 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 65 25 45 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 40 15 25 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 0 0 0 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 20 10 5 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 5 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 55 20 35 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 0 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 950 485 465 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 30 15 20 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 60 35 25 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 185 95 90 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 10 0 5 295 145 145
German 595 310 290 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 5 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 30 15 15 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 35 15 15 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 10 5 0 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 140 70 70 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 130 65 65 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 5 5 0 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 5 5 5 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 5 5 5 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 95 45 50 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 5 0 0 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 10 10 5 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 5 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 320 145 170 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 95 50 40 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 40 15 20 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 10 5 10 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 165 75 95 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 70 25 45 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 70 35 30 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 0 5 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 20 5 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 155 75 75 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 155 75 75 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 70 40 35 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 65 30 30 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 25 0 25 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 20 0 20 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 0 0 0 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 0 0 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 105 50 50 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 0 0 5 705 295 410
Finnish 60 30 30 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 40 20 20 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 335 165 170 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 90 40 45 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 225 110 120 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 10 5 5 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 44,410 22,135 22,270 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 43,945 21,925 22,015 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 43,235 21,585 21,655 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 43,060 21,500 21,555 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 175 80 95 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 710 345 365 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 10 10 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 5 5 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 5 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 695 335 360 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 0 5 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 0 0 0 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 0 0 0 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 100 50 50 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 105 50 50 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 65 25 40 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 10 5 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 15 35 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 5 0 5 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 320 150 170 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 70 30 35 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 65 30 40 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 15 10 5 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 15 5 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 15 5 10 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 10 5 5 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 0 0 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0 500 235 265
Slovak 10 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 5 0 5 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 85 40 45 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 15 5 5 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 60 30 25 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 5 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 85 40 40 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 80 40 35 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 5 0 5 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 5 5 0 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 30 30 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 0 5 0 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 5 0 5 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 5 0 5 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 80 40 45 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 10 5 5 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 5 0 5 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 5 5 0 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 60 25 35 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 30 20 15 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 45 25 20 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 5 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 20 10 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 0 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 85 45 35 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 80 45 35 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 45 25 20 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 30 15 15 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 20 10 10 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 10 10 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 5 5 0 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 465 210 255 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 45 25 20 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 410 185 230 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 44,410 22,140 22,270 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 42,345 21,225 21,125 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 400 185 210 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 545 225 315 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 1,105 490 610 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 145 65 75 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 960 425 535 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 0 0 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 5 5 5 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 15 10 10 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 37,115 18,340 18,770 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 35,810 17,770 18,035 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,936 40,954 25,401 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 35,850 17,800 18,055 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,984 36,076 23,978 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 31,925 16,165 15,755 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,702 36,886 21,509 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 26,810 12,345 14,465 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,337 9,492 7,471 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 25,705 13,365 12,340 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,522 35,126 21,400 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 37,110 18,345 18,770 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 35,775 17,765 18,010 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,050 52,011 32,224 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 35,800 17,770 18,030 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,828 43,068 28,690 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 32,025 16,220 15,805 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,318 49,452 28,918 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 26,550 12,185 14,365 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,235 10,003 8,584 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 25,705 13,355 12,350 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,917 47,705 27,329 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 37,110 18,340 18,770 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 8,710 4,820 3,890 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,152 62,041 40,171 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,936 67,316 44,060 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.6 86.8 78.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.1 68.9 58.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.4 13.2 21.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 37,110 18,345 18,770 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 1,300 570 730 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 35,810 17,770 18,035 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.9 96.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,750 1,850 2,910 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 6,630 2,520 4,105 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 5,610 2,220 3,395 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 4,665 2,120 2,550 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 3,590 1,770 1,825 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 2,560 1,465 1,095 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 2,020 1,325 700 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 1,570 1,070 505 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 1,165 845 320 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 840 620 225 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 2,385 1,965 420 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 1,725 1,400 325 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 660 570 95 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 37,110 18,340 18,770 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 1,260 540 720 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 35,855 17,800 18,055 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 97.1 96.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,965 1,950 3,020 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 7,000 2,715 4,280 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 6,550 2,665 3,885 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 5,225 2,460 2,765 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 3,760 2,020 1,740 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 2,645 1,720 925 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 1,970 1,365 600 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 1,295 935 360 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 2,440 1,970 470 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 810 625 185 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 535 425 110 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,095 920 180 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 37,110 18,340 18,770 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 11,410 4,975 6,430 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 25,705 13,365 12,340 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 69.3 72.9 65.7 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,020 2,495 2,530 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 2,105 825 1,280 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 3,640 1,540 2,100 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 3,135 1,235 1,895 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 2,505 1,080 1,425 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 2,025 935 1,090 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 1,545 885 660 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,280 855 425 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 1,140 790 355 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 3,305 2,720 585 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 910 685 225 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 635 495 145 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 1,765 1,545 215 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 19,610 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 62,366 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,487 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,765 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,355 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,411 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 13,845 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,108 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,838 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 19,610 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,713 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,406 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,775 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,128 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,629 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 13,835 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,974 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,244 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 19,610 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 270 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 275 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 635 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 950 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 975 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 885 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,025 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 940 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 915 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 930 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,625 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,370 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,195 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 980 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,090 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,940 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,250 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,175 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 725 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 19,610 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 285 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 275 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 645 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 995 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,115 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,075 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,190 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,050 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,070 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,040 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,930 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,730 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,455 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,200 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,070 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,480 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,665 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 890 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 925 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 13,240 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,876 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,565 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,755 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,883 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,916 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,225 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,658 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,880 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,940 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,916 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,070 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 13,195 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,635 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,852 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,735 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,920 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,688 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,250 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,211 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,739 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,915 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,655 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,259 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 7,720 3,935 3,780 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,966 31,528 26,895 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,569 28,602 25,152 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 7,760 3,900 3,860 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,054 41,282 34,790 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,914 34,962 30,843 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 43,810 21,820 21,990 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 24,100 11,565 12,530 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 5,205 2,535 2,670 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 5,200 2,365 2,840 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 4,640 2,205 2,430 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 4,395 2,160 2,235 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 4,660 2,300 2,360 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 19,710 10,250 9,455 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 4,380 2,200 2,180 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 4,220 2,175 2,040 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 4,330 2,275 2,050 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 3,835 2,045 1,785 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 2,955 1,555 1,400 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 42,255 21,000 21,250 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 7,700 4,005 3,700 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 2,390 1,265 1,130 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 25,495 12,415 13,080 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 9,060 4,585 4,470 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,925 3,250 3,675 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 1,715 905 810 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 595 325 270 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 3,905 1,790 2,115 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,300 555 750 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.4 15.5 17.3 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.3 22.6 21.9 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 24.9 25.7 23.9 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.4 16.2 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 14.3 12.1 16.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,560 1,735 1,825 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 875 460 415 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 310 165 140 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 2,475 1,190 1,285 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 210 80 130 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.4 8.3 8.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.2 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.0 13.0 12.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.6 9.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.3 1.7 2.9 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 43,810 21,820 21,990 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 43,720 21,785 21,940 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 43,720 21,785 21,930 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 3,100 1,315 1,785 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 3,945 1,745 2,200 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 285 145 145 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 10 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 10 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 10 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 10 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 25 10 15 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 25 15 15 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 60 30 25 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 180 85 90 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 135 55 80 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 40 30 10 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,660 1,600 2,060 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 25 10 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 40 25 15 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 30 20 10 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 10 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 165 75 95 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 165 75 90 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 350 120 230 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 20 10 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 15 0 15 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 10 0 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 315 100 215 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 20 10 10 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 20 15 10 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 0 0 0 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 20 10 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 2,590 1,175 1,410 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 260 125 135 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 10 10 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 255 120 130 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 15 15 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 30 10 15 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 50 35 20 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 70 25 45 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 45 25 20 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 10 0 0 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 25 15 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 45 20 25 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 20 15 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 10 10 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,235 545 685 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 85 40 50 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 55 20 30 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 195 80 115 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 860 385 475 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 35 20 20 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 25 15 10 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 15 10 10 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 180 100 80 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 155 90 70 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 10 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 0 0 0 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 60 40 20 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 10 10 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 100 50 50 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 10 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 0 10 10 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 20 10 10 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 10 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 965 420 540 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 165 85 80 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 60 25 40 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 10 10 10 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 765 325 440 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 115 50 65 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 85 45 45 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 10 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 0 0 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 10 10 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 10 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 60 20 35 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 30 10 15 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 150 65 90 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 155 60 90 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 85 40 45 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 60 25 40 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 20 0 20 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 15 0 20 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 0 0 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 135 55 80 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 90 35 55 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 45 20 20 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 43,810 21,820 21,990 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 42,500 21,225 21,275 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 7,975 4,145 3,825 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 34,525 17,075 17,445 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,310 595 715 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 43,810 21,820 21,990 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 38,950 19,530 19,425 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 4,625 2,165 2,460 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 2,710 1,430 1,280 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 460 195 260 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 510 200 310 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 570 195 375 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 230 65 165 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 340 135 205 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 385 145 235 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 230 125 105 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 4,630 2,170 2,460 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 620 300 320 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 880 435 440 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 1,165 550 615 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 1,670 765 900 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 300 110 185 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,630 2,170 2,460 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 915 410 510 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 0 0 0 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 10 0 0 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 10 10 0 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 10 10 0 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 0 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 0 0 0 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 30 0 20 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 10 0 10 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 10 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 720 345 375 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 115 45 70 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 2,675 1,330 1,345 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 25 0 20 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 45 20 25 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 435 180 255 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 10 0 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 35 20 20 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 20 30 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 105 65 35 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 155 80 80 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 55 25 35 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 40 25 20 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 15 10 10 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 10 0 10 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 10 0 0 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,330 690 645 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 365 195 170 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 140 60 80 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 0 0 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 0 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 10 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 0 10 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 120 50 65 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 15 0 15 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 805 315 485 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 80 35 45 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 10 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 90 35 55 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 20 10 10 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 40 10 35 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 80 50 40 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 15 0 10 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 10 10 0 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 280 80 200 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 0 10 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10 0 0 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 0 10 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 120 50 70 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 60 40 20 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 85 45 45 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 380 145 235 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 75 25 55 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 0 0 10 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 50 20 30 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 25 10 20 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 75 40 45 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 25 10 15 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380