Census Profile, 2016 Census
Bulkley-Nechako, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Bulkley-Nechako, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Bulkley-Nechako, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : Bulkley-Nechako, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 37,896 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 39,208 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -3.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 17,564 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 15,101 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 73,361.00 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 37,895 19,355 18,540 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 7,290 3,775 3,515 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 2,315 1,195 1,120 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 2,520 1,345 1,175 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 2,455 1,235 1,220 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 24,975 12,745 12,225 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 2,550 1,330 1,220 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 2,110 1,130 980 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 2,155 1,085 1,075 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 2,210 1,095 1,115 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 2,135 1,055 1,080 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 2,285 1,150 1,140 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 2,495 1,225 1,265 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 3,000 1,515 1,490 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 3,180 1,640 1,540 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 2,845 1,520 1,330 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 5,635 2,835 2,800 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 2,020 1,060 955 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 1,495 755 735 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 965 500 465 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 600 305 295 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 560 210 350 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 395 140 250 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 135 55 75 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 30 10 20 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 0 0 0 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.5 19.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.9 65.8 65.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.9 14.6 15.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.5 1.1 1.9 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.9 39.6 40.1 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.1 41.0 41.3 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 15,105 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,745 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,865 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 265 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 495 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 125 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 930 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 50 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,490 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 15,100 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 3,915 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 5,830 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 2,015 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 1,865 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,475 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 37,445 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 30,610 15,580 15,025 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 19,105 9,545 9,565 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 15,150 7,575 7,570 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 3,960 1,970 1,990 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 11,500 6,035 5,465 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 7,520 4,405 3,115 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 935 470 460 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 1,540 780 760 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 1,510 380 1,125 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 10,990 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 6,090 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 1,955 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 1,780 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,165 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 10,985 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 9,405 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 7,420 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,980 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,585 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 1,120 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 465 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 9,400 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 5,125 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 4,280 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 1,545 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 1,630 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,095 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,585 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 965 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 410 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 210 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 5,845 3,300 2,545 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 15,105 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 10,495 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 4,950 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,545 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 240 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,365 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 3,920 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 450 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 37,675 19,295 18,375 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 35,820 18,470 17,350 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 10 5 5 1,810 820 985
English and French 1,795 805 990 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 45 20 30 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 37,675 19,295 18,380 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 37,230 19,075 18,160 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 360 195 165 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 40 15 20 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 45 15 30 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 380 200 175 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 37,675 19,300 18,375 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 37,290 19,115 18,180 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 33,800 17,435 16,370 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 33,390 17,220 16,175 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 410 220 195 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 3,485 1,680 1,805 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 600 300 300 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 5 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 10 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 560 285 280 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 560 285 275 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 5 10 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 540 275 260 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 5 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 5 0 5 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 20 10 10 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 5 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,880 1,380 1,505 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 35 15 20 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 0 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 25 15 15 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 0 5 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 15 25 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 35 15 20 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 165 50 110 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 15 0 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 5 0 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 135 45 95 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5 0 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 15 10 0 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 5 5 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 0 0 0 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 0 5 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 2,380 1,165 1,210 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 0 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 0 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 175 85 85 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 5 0 0 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 0 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 170 80 90 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 5 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 10 5 0 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 15 10 5 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 40 15 25 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 30 10 20 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 0 5 0 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 15 5 10 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 40 20 20 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 0 0 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,750 865 885 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 30 20 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 20 5 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 360 175 190 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 20 10 5 295 145 145
German 1,285 640 650 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 10 0 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 20 10 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 5 5 5 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 145 70 70 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 140 70 70 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 0 0 0 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 0 0 0 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 15 5 5 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 120 55 65 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 0 0 0 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 5 5 5 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 5 0 5 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 305 145 160 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 5 5 160 85 75
Italian 70 35 40 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 100 55 45 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 0 0 5 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 125 45 80 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 30 15 15 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 20 5 15 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 25 15 10 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 5 245 145 105
Lingala 10 5 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 0 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 10 0 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 105 45 60 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 100 45 55 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 30 10 15 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 35 15 20 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 15 20 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 5 0 5 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 0 0 0 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 0 0 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 50 25 20 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 0 0 705 295 410
Finnish 30 15 15 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 20 10 5 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 380 180 200 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 55 25 30 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 315 155 160 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 10 5 5 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 37,675 19,295 18,380 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 37,110 19,050 18,060 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 36,255 18,650 17,605 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 36,170 18,605 17,560 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 80 45 40 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 855 400 455 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 175 85 85 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 160 85 75 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 160 80 80 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 5 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 155 80 75 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 5 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 685 315 370 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 30 20 20 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 35 15 20 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 0 5 600 275 320
Arabic 30 15 15 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 10 20 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 25 10 15 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 50 20 25 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 5 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 20 25 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 0 5 0 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 495 230 265 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 30 10 15 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 25 10 20 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 5 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 5 0 0 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 0 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 5 0 5 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 5 0 5 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 0 0 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 5 5 0 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 290 140 150 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 25 10 10 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 10 5 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 250 120 130 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 75 35 35 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 70 35 35 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 5 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 0 0 0 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 5 0 5 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 35 35 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 0 0 0 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 0 0 0 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 110 45 65 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 15 10 10 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 35 15 20 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 5 5 0 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 55 20 35 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 0 0 0 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 15 5 10 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 10 0 5 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 0 0 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 50 20 25 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 50 20 30 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 5 0 5 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 20 10 10 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 15 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 5 5 5 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 5 0 0 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 560 245 315 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 30 15 15 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 530 230 300 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 37,670 19,295 18,380 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 35,490 18,240 17,255 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 445 220 230 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 305 135 170 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 1,400 690 715 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 480 235 240 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 925 445 480 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 0 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 5 5 5 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 15 10 5 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 30,175 15,410 14,765 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 29,035 14,960 14,070 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,688 49,465 25,738 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 29,060 14,980 14,080 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,480 42,941 24,363 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 26,140 13,880 12,265 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,252 48,967 23,129 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,535 8,795 10,740 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,559 6,813 6,398 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 22,890 12,380 10,510 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,322 50,656 23,022 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 30,175 15,430 14,750 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 28,960 14,885 14,075 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,293 56,152 33,809 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 29,000 14,910 14,085 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,178 46,002 29,894 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 26,020 13,745 12,280 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,261 55,370 31,823 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,515 8,780 10,735 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,199 8,518 7,939 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 22,890 12,315 10,580 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,106 54,117 30,292 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 30,175 15,425 14,750 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 8,685 5,345 3,340 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,400 71,280 42,131 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,523 72,647 48,927 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.8 91.1 81.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.1 79.5 67.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.2 8.9 18.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 30,175 15,410 14,765 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 1,140 450 695 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 29,035 14,965 14,070 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.2 97.1 95.3 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,460 1,755 2,700 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 4,510 1,665 2,845 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 3,935 1,560 2,370 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 3,225 1,345 1,875 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 2,600 1,200 1,405 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 2,020 1,110 915 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 1,835 1,230 605 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 1,680 1,225 460 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 1,340 1,010 325 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,100 885 215 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 2,320 1,975 345 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 1,850 1,580 275 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 470 395 75 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 30,175 15,410 14,765 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 1,115 430 685 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 29,060 14,980 14,075 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 97.2 95.3 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,575 1,820 2,750 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 4,790 1,805 2,985 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 4,600 1,865 2,735 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 3,580 1,570 2,010 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 2,940 1,485 1,455 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 2,515 1,705 810 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 2,055 1,515 540 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 1,655 1,280 375 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 2,345 1,940 410 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 985 795 190 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 500 425 75 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 860 720 140 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 30,175 15,410 14,760 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 7,280 3,030 4,250 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 22,895 12,380 10,510 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 75.9 80.3 71.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,770 1,695 2,075 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 1,695 705 985 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 2,845 1,105 1,740 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 2,410 955 1,455 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 2,135 860 1,275 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 1,760 815 940 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 1,415 800 615 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,515 1,060 455 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 1,410 1,075 335 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 3,940 3,305 635 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,150 895 250 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 955 795 160 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 1,840 1,615 225 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 15,100 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,008 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,922 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,915 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,551 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,589 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 11,185 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,415 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,067 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 15,100 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,862 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,311 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,890 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,047 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,398 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 11,210 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,334 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,734 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 15,100 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 260 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 180 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 335 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 595 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 615 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 565 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 630 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 605 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 500 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 530 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,015 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,070 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,020 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,045 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 930 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,210 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,995 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,300 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,235 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 685 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 15,100 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 270 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 180 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 345 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 615 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 690 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 705 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 680 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 665 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 625 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 645 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,330 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,290 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,305 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,130 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,005 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,610 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,805 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 895 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 910 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 10,900 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,536 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,330 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 4,835 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,589 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,470 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,310 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,038 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,159 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,440 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,000 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,014 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 10,920 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,963 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,659 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 4,820 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,897 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,901 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,295 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,723 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,810 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,475 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,557 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,313 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,915 2,830 2,090 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,991 42,795 28,941 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,440 37,419 26,888 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 4,915 2,910 2,005 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,015 50,987 41,255 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,380 41,877 35,760 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 37,445 19,175 18,270 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 18,445 9,140 9,305 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 3,805 1,960 1,845 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 3,620 1,645 1,975 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 3,440 1,715 1,730 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 3,710 1,845 1,865 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 3,860 1,970 1,890 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 19,000 10,040 8,960 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 3,725 1,885 1,835 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 4,220 2,215 2,005 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 3,955 2,120 1,835 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 4,145 2,235 1,910 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 2,960 1,580 1,380 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 34,620 17,680 16,940 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 8,035 4,170 3,870 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 2,530 1,310 1,220 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 21,405 10,855 10,545 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 5,175 2,650 2,525 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,470 2,130 2,335 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 1,280 680 595 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 420 235 180 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 2,335 1,055 1,280 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 855 395 465 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.9 12.0 13.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.9 16.3 15.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 16.6 17.9 14.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 9.7 12.1 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 16.5 14.9 18.4 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,655 890 760 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 480 290 195 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 150 95 55 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 1,085 555 525 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 95 50 40 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.8 5.0 4.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 6.0 7.0 5.0 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 5.9 7.3 4.5 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 5.1 5.1 5.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.9 1.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 37,445 19,175 18,270 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 37,415 19,160 18,250 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 37,405 19,165 18,240 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 1,785 765 1,025 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 4,815 2,420 2,400 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 1,320 675 645 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 25 15 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 15 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 1,235 625 605 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,235 630 605 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 25 0 15 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 1,190 610 580 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 10 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 10 0 10 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 10 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 10 10 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 40 30 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 35 30 10 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 0 15 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,505 1,745 1,755 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 25 15 10 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 20 10 10 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 10 15 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 20 10 0 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 265 95 165 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 20 10 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 0 0 0 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 15 10 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 235 75 160 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 0 0 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 10 0 10 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 0 0 0 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 2,960 1,525 1,435 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 205 115 90 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 10 10 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 10 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 195 105 90 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 30 10 20 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 30 25 0 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 45 20 20 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 30 10 30 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 20 15 0 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 30 10 15 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 30 10 20 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,005 1,070 935 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 50 20 30 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 35 20 20 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 440 240 200 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 20 10 15 465 230 240
German 1,465 795 675 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 35 15 25 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 155 95 60
Greek 0 0 0 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 160 70 90 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 150 70 80 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 0 0 0 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 20 15 10 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 140 60 80 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 0 0 10 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 10 0 10 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 10 0 10 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 675 330 340 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 125 40 80 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 120 75 40 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 10 10 0 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 435 215 220 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 20 0 15 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 30 15 15 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 20 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 10 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 10 0 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 10 10 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 20 10 15 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 10 10 0 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 95 40 55 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 100 40 55 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 20 10 10 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 25 10 20 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 25 35 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 0 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 0 0 10 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 0 0 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 35 25 10 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 10 0 780 350 425
Finnish 15 10 10 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 15 0 0 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 37,445 19,175 18,270 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 36,195 18,610 17,585 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 8,685 4,485 4,200 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 27,505 14,130 13,380 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,250 560 690 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 37,445 19,175 18,270 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 33,595 17,355 16,245 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,635 1,700 1,935 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 2,125 1,040 1,085 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 345 185 155 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 380 170 215 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 470 200 275 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 180 60 115 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 290 135 155 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 320 115 200 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 215 120 95 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,635 1,705 1,930 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 515 220 290 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 870 500 370 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 875 375 500 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 1,185 520 665 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 190 85 100 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,635 1,705 1,930 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,315 575 740 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 0 0 0 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 0 0 10 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 0 0 0 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 0 10 10 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 10 0 0 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 85 40 40 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 10 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,120 495 625 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 80 35 45 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 1,590 835 755 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 15 10 10 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 10 10 0 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 390 225 165 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 0 0 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 15 10 10 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 35 10 25 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 255 160 100 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 40 25 20 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 45 20 25 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 0 0 0 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 10 10 10 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 10 0 10 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 460 200 260 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 290 170 115 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 120 55 70 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 0 0 0 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 10 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 15 10 15 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 55 20 35 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 35 25 10 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 515 195 320 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 55 25 30 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10 0 10 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 95 50 45 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 0 0 10 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 10 0 10 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 40 25 20 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 0 0 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 0 0 0 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 185 45 140 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 20 10 10 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 10 0 10 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 30 10 15 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 65 25 35 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 95 50 45 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 320 115 205 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 80 35 50 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 0 0 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 55 20 35 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 30 10 20 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 60 25 35 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 20 10 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380