Census Profile, 2016 Census
Prince George [Census agglomeration], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Prince George
British Columbia
[Census agglomeration]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Prince George [Census agglomeration], British Columbia  Map : Prince George [Census agglomeration], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 86,622 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 84,232 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.8 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 37,394 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,095 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 17,686.12 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 86,620 43,500 43,120 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 15,130 7,795 7,340 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,840 2,485 2,360 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,315 2,730 2,585 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 4,970 2,575 2,395 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 59,285 29,755 29,530 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 5,345 2,745 2,595 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,085 3,165 2,920 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,130 3,125 3,000 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,905 2,905 2,995 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,375 2,645 2,725 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 5,725 2,845 2,880 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 5,875 2,935 2,945 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 6,670 3,290 3,375 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 6,590 3,305 3,280 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 5,595 2,790 2,810 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 12,210 5,955 6,255 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 4,580 2,280 2,295 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,130 1,565 1,565 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,025 995 1,030 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 1,365 660 705 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,100 450 655 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 765 340 425 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 265 90 175 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 65 20 50 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 5 0 5 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 17.9 17.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.4 68.4 68.5 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.1 13.7 14.5 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.3 1.0 1.5 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.4 38.9 39.8 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 39.4 38.8 40.0 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,095 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 22,380 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 425 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,690 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,300 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,685 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,335 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,340 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,600 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,095 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 9,380 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 12,820 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 5,415 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 4,820 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,660 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 85,135 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 71,490 35,710 35,785 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 41,045 20,530 20,510 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 31,690 15,870 15,820 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 9,360 4,665 4,695 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 30,445 15,175 15,270 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 20,115 11,280 8,830 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,470 1,105 1,360 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 4,365 1,955 2,410 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 3,490 830 2,660 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 24,555 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 13,255 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 5,030 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 4,450 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,820 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 24,550 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 20,195 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 15,515 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,680 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,360 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,295 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,060 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 20,195 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 10,550 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 9,640 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 3,840 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,095 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,705 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,360 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,700 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,185 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 470 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,080 8,440 7,640 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,095 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 23,310 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,070 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 13,240 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 610 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,170 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 9,385 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,790 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 85,650 42,925 42,725 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 80,985 40,850 40,135 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 15 5 10 1,810 820 985
English and French 4,295 1,925 2,365 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 360 140 215 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 85,650 42,925 42,725 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 84,285 42,240 42,040 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 935 500 435 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 85 45 40 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 345 140 205 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 980 525 455 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 85,650 42,925 42,725 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 84,780 42,490 42,290 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 77,030 38,755 38,275 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 75,915 38,180 37,735 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,120 580 545 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 7,750 3,735 4,015 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 300 120 180 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 70 25 45 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 60 25 35 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 5 10 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 45 20 25 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 0 10 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 175 70 105 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 175 70 105 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 155 55 95 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 5 0 5 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 10 5 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 5 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 5 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 5 35 20 10
Salish languages 5 5 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 5 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 40 20 25 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 30 15 15 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 5 5 385 195 190
Tsimshian 10 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,450 3,615 3,830 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 170 115 55 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 5 5 5 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 165 110 55 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 0 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 145 100 45 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 5 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 10 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 75 35 45 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 70 35 40 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 680 230 450 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 60 25 40 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 30 5 15 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 545 180 365 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 0 0 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 55 25 25 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 25 10 10 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 20 5 10 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 15 5 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 5,210 2,590 2,625 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 0 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 0 0 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 830 395 435 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 10 5 5 1,070 485 585
Latvian 5 5 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 5 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 820 390 430 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 5 5 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 15 10 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 190 95 95 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 40 20 25 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 5 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 160 70 85 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 125 60 75 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 25 10 15 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 30 20 15 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 175 75 100 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,645 785 855 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 50 25 25 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 100 45 55 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 245 125 120 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 5 5 295 145 145
German 1,170 560 615 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 10 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 40 15 20 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 30 10 15 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 70 40 30 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,775 935 845 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,715 895 815 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 60 30 25 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 20 10 10 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 125 70 50 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,405 725 675 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 80 45 35 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 60 30 30 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 5 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 55 30 25 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 880 430 450 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 295 150 145 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 250 125 125 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 50 25 25 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 285 130 155 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 50 15 35 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 150 75 75 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 120 65 55 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 5 0 5 90 45 45
Igbo 15 10 5 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 5 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 20 10 10 805 400 405
Wolof 10 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 10 5 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 30 15 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 5 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 645 325 320 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 640 325 315 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 285 140 150 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 5 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 290 155 135 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 25 20 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 25 5 15 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 25 5 20 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 10 5 0 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 5 5 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 210 110 100 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 0 5 705 295 410
Finnish 95 50 50 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 100 55 50 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 870 435 435 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 170 80 95 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 660 330 330 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 20 15 0 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 20 5 15 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 85,650 42,920 42,725 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 84,065 42,170 41,895 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 81,325 40,790 40,530 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 81,140 40,710 40,430 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 185 85 105 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 2,745 1,380 1,360 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 45 20 25 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 25 10 20 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 20 5 15 245 110 130
Chilcotin 5 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 5 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 5 5 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,695 1,360 1,335 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 110 70 40 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 5 5 5 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 105 65 35 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 100 65 35 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 25 20 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 40 25 20 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 235 100 130 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 40 20 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 5 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 180 75 110 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 35 15 15 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 20 15 15 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 5 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,675 855 825 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 195 95 100 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 195 95 100 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 55 25 25 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 10 5 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 10 5 5 150 75 75
Polish 25 10 15 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 35 20 15 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 10 5 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 10 5 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 40 20 20 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 180 85 90 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 30 10 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 25 10 15 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 115 50 60 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 5 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 25 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 1,050 550 500 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,030 540 490 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 35 20 20 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 5 5 0 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 35 25 15 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 10 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 900 465 435 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 35 20 15 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 25 10 15 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 5 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 10 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 225 105 120 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 45 20 20 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 70 30 40 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 10 5 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 105 50 55 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 15 5 10 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 100 50 45 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 5 5 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 10 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 5 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 5 0 200 90 115
Wolof 10 5 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 5 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 40 25 20 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 370 185 190 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 370 180 185 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 140 65 75 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 190 100 90 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 10 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 5 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 5 5 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 30 15 15 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 20 10 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 10 5 10 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,580 750 830 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 100 50 55 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,455 695 760 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 5 0 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 85,650 42,925 42,725 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 80,555 40,525 40,035 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,415 725 685 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 845 370 475 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 2,775 1,275 1,500 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 285 115 175 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 2,490 1,160 1,330 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 5 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 15 10 10 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 35 15 20 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 70,055 34,910 35,150 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,460 33,695 33,760 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,108 50,190 29,844 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,540 33,760 33,780 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,886 42,994 27,364 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,195 31,325 29,870 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,560 49,500 27,830 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 45,495 19,730 25,770 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,787 6,371 5,509 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,085 28,235 25,855 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,123 50,457 28,542 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 70,055 34,970 35,080 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,575 33,795 33,775 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,694 60,146 37,235 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,680 33,875 33,805 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,509 48,665 32,338 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,270 31,355 29,920 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,886 59,576 35,636 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 45,340 19,870 25,460 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,858 8,290 7,521 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,085 28,195 25,890 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,349 56,854 34,907 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 70,050 34,970 35,085 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 23,985 13,530 10,450 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,840 70,856 47,611 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,814 76,183 52,391 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.0 91.9 84.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.7 79.9 71.6 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.0 8.1 15.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 70,055 34,910 35,150 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,590 1,205 1,385 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 67,465 33,695 33,765 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.5 96.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,485 3,335 5,145 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 10,325 3,895 6,430 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 8,670 3,270 5,400 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 7,720 3,315 4,405 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 6,830 2,960 3,870 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,420 2,720 2,695 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,615 2,770 1,855 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,790 2,535 1,255 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,260 2,310 950 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,330 1,735 595 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 6,015 4,850 1,165 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 4,550 3,660 895 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,460 1,185 275 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 70,055 34,910 35,145 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,515 1,150 1,365 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 67,540 33,755 33,780 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.4 96.7 96.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,795 3,520 5,275 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 10,930 4,175 6,760 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 10,400 4,055 6,350 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 9,120 4,015 5,095 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 7,720 3,640 4,070 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,155 3,710 2,445 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,835 3,325 1,505 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,610 2,600 1,010 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 5,985 4,710 1,275 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,210 1,685 530 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,330 1,055 275 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,445 1,970 475 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 70,050 34,905 35,145 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 15,965 6,675 9,290 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 54,085 28,235 25,850 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 77.2 80.9 73.6 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,530 3,510 4,020 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 3,690 1,555 2,135 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 6,450 2,595 3,855 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 5,655 2,235 3,420 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 5,265 2,125 3,145 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,835 2,000 2,840 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,030 2,040 1,995 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,645 2,235 1,410 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,255 2,230 1,025 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 9,730 7,710 2,020 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,845 2,035 810 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,000 1,575 425 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 4,885 4,100 780 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,095 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,427 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,399 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,380 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,230 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,689 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,710 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,472 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,601 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,095 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,755 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,120 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,385 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,055 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,766 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,710 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,807 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,123 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,095 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 420 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 405 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 960 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,175 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,305 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,190 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,275 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,360 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,270 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,295 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,505 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,460 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,270 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,225 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,080 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,890 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,165 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,285 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,395 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,050 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,095 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 435 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 420 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 975 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,225 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,490 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,465 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,560 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,600 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,525 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,600 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,105 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,910 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,730 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,445 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,105 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,510 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,300 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,485 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,720 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 24,370 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,229 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,340 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,830 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,894 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,986 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,725 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,416 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,524 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,060 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,401 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,936 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 24,385 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,125 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,148 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,810 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 105,412 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,066 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,735 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 139,074 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,192 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,055 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,603 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,168 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,000 7,500 6,495 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,043 37,621 29,214 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,571 33,126 26,799 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,830 7,540 6,290 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,948 46,439 36,569 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,735 38,926 31,912 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 85,135 42,680 42,460 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 38,110 18,275 19,835 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 8,250 3,965 4,285 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 7,135 3,230 3,905 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 7,095 3,380 3,715 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 7,595 3,710 3,880 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 8,045 3,985 4,055 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 47,025 24,400 22,620 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 8,595 4,325 4,270 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 9,420 4,840 4,580 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 10,005 5,230 4,780 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,520 5,500 5,020 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 8,485 4,510 3,975 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 85,030 42,625 42,410 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 18,135 9,340 8,790 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,845 3,005 2,835 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 55,390 27,625 27,765 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 11,505 5,660 5,850 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 10,750 5,020 5,725 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,045 1,580 1,460 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,120 585 530 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 6,245 2,865 3,380 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,455 570 885 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 11.8 13.5 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.8 16.9 16.6 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.2 19.5 18.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.3 10.4 12.2 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.6 10.1 15.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,430 3,145 3,285 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,640 855 785 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 600 310 295 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 4,560 2,195 2,365 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 225 95 130 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.6 7.4 7.7 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.0 9.2 8.9 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 10.3 10.3 10.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.9 8.5 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.0 1.7 2.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 85,135 42,680 42,455 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 84,780 42,540 42,235 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 84,760 42,545 42,215 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 4,270 1,850 2,420 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 10,175 4,930 5,250 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 580 235 345 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 120 50 65 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 105 50 45 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 90 50 40 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 0 20 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 15 0 20 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 385 150 235 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 385 155 235 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 10 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 340 135 200 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 10 10 10 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 20 10 15 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 10 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 70 25 40 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 65 25 40 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 10 0 10 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,595 4,690 4,905 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 185 120 60 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 185 120 65 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 170 115 55 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 145 75 65 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 10 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 140 80 65 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 850 310 540 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 50 20 20 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 10 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 25 15 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 10 0 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 10 0 25 15 10
Malay 15 0 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 785 260 520 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 0 0 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 55 20 35 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 10 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 35 20 20 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 20 10 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 6,800 3,390 3,410 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 15 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 890 440 445 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 10 0 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 880 440 440 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 10 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 30 10 15 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 185 90 95 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 45 25 20 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 170 85 90 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 120 60 55 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 30 15 20 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 35 20 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 35 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 255 130 125 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 20 15 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 10 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,100 1,000 1,100 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 90 40 55 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 105 35 70 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 215 120 95 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 1,650 780 870 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 45 20 30 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 30 10 20 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 95 60 35 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 2,210 1,205 1,015 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 2,110 1,145 960 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 85 45 40 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 20 15 10 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 425 225 195 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 25 10 15 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,785 955 830 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 10 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 140 80 65 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 110 50 60 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 20 10 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 90 40 45 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 1,590 740 850 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 375 170 200 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 315 165 150 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 70 35 35 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 880 390 495 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 165 80 80 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 165 85 80 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 15 10 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 185 85 100 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 15 0 15 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 10 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 10 165 80 85
Igbo 50 20 30 425 240 185
Lingala 0 10 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 10 0 415 220 195
Swahili 45 25 20 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 40 20 25 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 10 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 210 85 125 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 85 15 65 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 700 380 325 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 690 375 315 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 300 145 150 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 430 250 185 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 15 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 10 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 25 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 40 15 25 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 10 10 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 10 10 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 215 120 95 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 10 10 780 350 425
Finnish 110 55 60 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 90 60 30 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 85,135 42,680 42,460 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 82,250 41,260 40,990 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,685 9,040 8,645 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 64,570 32,220 32,345 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,885 1,420 1,465 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 85,135 42,680 42,455 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 75,930 38,055 37,875 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,395 4,120 4,270 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 3,990 2,040 1,950 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 975 455 520 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,025 500 530 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,235 600 640 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 525 250 275 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 715 350 365 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,170 530 635 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 810 500 310 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,400 4,125 4,275 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,195 585 610 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 1,580 860 720 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 2,220 1,080 1,140 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 2,855 1,355 1,500 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 550 250 300 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,400 4,125 4,275 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,225 515 710 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 10 10 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 15 0 10 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 40 20 20 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 15 10 15 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 10 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 45 20 20 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 50 20 30 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 10 0 10 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 15 10 10 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 865 365 500 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 140 55 90 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 3,715 1,935 1,780 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40 25 10 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 135 65 70 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 55 20 30 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 605 290 320 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 50 30 30 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 50 50 0 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 55 30 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 170 100 75 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 250 170 85 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 165 80 85 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 190 100 90 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 70 45 20 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 30 20 20 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 0 15 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 65 20 40 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,155 580 575 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 575 280 295 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 385 205 175 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 50 25 20 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10 0 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 20 10 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 10 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 50 25 20 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 120 50 70 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 130 80 50 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 2,925 1,385 1,545 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 60 35 25 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 365 155 205 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 80 55 25 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,110 595 515 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 45 20 25 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 20 15 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 35 0 30 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 130 65 65 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 0 0 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 90 50 45 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 755 255 495 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 10 0 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 20 0 10 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 10 0 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 120 65 55 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 80 40 35 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 150 85 70 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,170 530 635 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 85 45 40 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 10 0 10 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 15 10 10 625 355 265
Mexico 10 10 10 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 35 25 15 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 20 10 15 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 180 105 70 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 30 15 20 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 20 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 10 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380