Census Profile, 2016 Census
Westmorland, County [Census division], New Brunswick and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Westmorland, CT
New Brunswick
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Westmorland, County [Census division], New Brunswick  Map : Westmorland, County [Census division], New Brunswick
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 149,623 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 144,158 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.8 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 71,839 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 64,038 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 40.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,666.15 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 149,620 73,145 76,480 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 22,755 11,660 11,100 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 7,330 3,745 3,585 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 8,020 4,080 3,940 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 7,410 3,830 3,575 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 99,565 49,170 50,390 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 7,580 3,860 3,725 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 8,980 4,515 4,465 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 9,165 4,550 4,620 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 9,850 4,845 5,005 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 10,080 4,960 5,120 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 10,440 5,070 5,370 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 10,150 5,115 5,030 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 11,495 5,650 5,850 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 11,235 5,495 5,740 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 10,585 5,115 5,465 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 27,305 12,315 14,995 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 9,340 4,525 4,820 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 6,470 3,115 3,350 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 4,585 2,135 2,450 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 3,335 1,370 1,965 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,575 1,170 2,405 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,085 765 1,325 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,100 325 770 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 345 75 270 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 45 5 40 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.2 15.9 14.5 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.2 65.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 18.2 16.8 19.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.1 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.4 41.4 43.3 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 43.1 42.2 43.9 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 64,035 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 36,950 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,345 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 23,240 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,855 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,815 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,230 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 12,160 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 175 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,505 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 64,035 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 18,180 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 25,265 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 9,825 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 7,640 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,125 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 145,705 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 126,865 61,485 65,380 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 74,870 37,530 37,335 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 58,225 29,260 28,970 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 16,645 8,275 8,370 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 51,995 23,950 28,045 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 32,720 17,470 15,250 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 4,450 1,965 2,485 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 7,435 2,985 4,450 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 7,390 1,525 5,860 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 43,355 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 24,905 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 9,180 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 7,055 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,215 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 43,350 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 36,630 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 28,310 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,320 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,725 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 5,385 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,335 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 36,630 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 20,555 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 16,070 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 7,365 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 6,595 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,115 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,725 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 4,345 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,815 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 565 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 28,355 13,405 14,950 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 64,040 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 41,805 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 19,900 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,905 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 775 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 21,460 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 18,175 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,285 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 146,615 71,495 75,120 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 64,130 32,430 31,700 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 5,685 2,680 3,005 1,810 820 985
English and French 76,105 35,990 40,105 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 700 395 305 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 146,615 71,495 75,115 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 83,245 41,030 42,215 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 61,470 29,485 31,990 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,240 610 630 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 660 370 290 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 62,090 29,790 32,300 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 42.3 41.7 43.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 146,610 71,495 75,115 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 143,570 70,020 73,555 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 138,020 67,120 70,900 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 77,450 38,140 39,310 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 60,570 28,985 31,590 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 5,550 2,895 2,655 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 40 15 20 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 30 15 20 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 15 15 10 5 10
Malecite 5 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 15 15 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 5 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,515 2,880 2,640 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 920 525 390 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 25 15 10 115 75 45
Kabyle 15 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 5 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 885 505 380 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 0 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 845 485 355 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 25 10 15 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 10 5 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 245 115 135 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 245 110 130 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 440 165 275 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 15 5 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 10 0 5 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 10 5 5 20 10 15
Malay 10 0 10 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 380 145 235 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 60 20 35 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 45 15 30 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 85 55 35 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 15 5 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 20 15 10 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 45 30 15 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 2,015 1,090 920 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 20 10 10 1,465 765 705
Armenian 10 5 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 300 150 150 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 10 0 5 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 5 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 0 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 290 150 145 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 0 0 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 5 5 5 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 15 10 5 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 5 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 45 15 30 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 165 85 80 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 0 5 0 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 5 5 5 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 0 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 35 20 20 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 0 0 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 505 265 245 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 25 15 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 15 5 10 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 125 70 60 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 10 5 5 295 145 145
German 310 160 145 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 5 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 10 5 10 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 15 10 5 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 325 180 140 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 235 125 105 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 40 20 20 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 20 10 10 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 35 25 15 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 5 5 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 25 25 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 65 35 25 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 90 55 40 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 5 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 90 50 35 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 835 475 365 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 5 0 160 85 75
Italian 155 85 70 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 60 25 30 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 95 50 50 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 520 310 215 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 40 10 30 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 490 255 240 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 370 210 160 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 55 35 20 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 25 15 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 5 5 0 90 45 45
Igbo 10 10 5 245 145 105
Lingala 15 5 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 15 10 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 155 70 80
Shona 15 5 10 215 100 115
Swahili 55 30 25 805 400 405
Wolof 25 15 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 10 5 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 30 15 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 730 370 355 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 710 360 345 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 140 80 65 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 455 205 250 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 70 15 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 20 10 10 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 10 0 5 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 25 10 15 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 20 10 5 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 55 25 25 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 0 0 0 705 295 410
Finnish 5 5 0 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 50 25 25 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 3,040 1,480 1,565 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 2,430 1,165 1,265 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 375 190 185 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 185 105 80 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 50 20 25 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 146,615 71,495 75,115 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 142,815 69,680 73,140 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 139,585 67,995 71,585 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 88,005 43,330 44,670 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 51,575 24,665 26,915 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 3,230 1,680 1,550 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,230 1,680 1,550 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 645 345 305 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 5 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 650 350 300 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 625 335 290 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 20 5 10 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 220 110 110 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 220 110 110 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 140 65 75 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 5 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 0 5 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 65 70 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 30 5 30 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 15 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 40 25 10 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 10 5 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 5 5 5 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 20 15 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 965 540 430 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 10 0 5 695 335 360
Armenian 10 0 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 145 75 70 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 145 70 70 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 0 0 0 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 0 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 10 5 5 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 110 55 55 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 0 0 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 20 10 10 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 120 60 60 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 15 5 10 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 15 10 5 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 5 10 5 5
German 85 40 45 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 10 0 5 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 190 95 90 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 130 60 65 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 20 10 10 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 10 5 10 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 20 10 10 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 15 15 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 40 20 25 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 60 35 25 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 60 35 25 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 495 300 195 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 35 15 20 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 30 15 20 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 65 35 30 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 360 235 125 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 15 5 15 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 400 200 195 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 125 65 55 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 20 15 10 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 10 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 10 0 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 5 65 25 40
Swahili 25 10 15 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 45 25 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 565 275 290 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 545 265 280 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 90 45 45 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 385 180 210 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 35 10 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 15 10 10 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 10 5 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 5 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 25 10 10 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 20 10 10 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 3,800 1,820 1,980 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 2,635 1,195 1,435 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 840 435 400 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 205 115 95 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 120 70 50 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 146,615 71,495 75,115 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 115,385 56,705 58,680 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 18,470 8,760 9,715 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 10,715 5,020 5,695 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 1,710 835 880 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 35 20 15 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 1,680 815 865 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 85 40 45 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 130 75 55 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 110 55 50 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 122,980 59,450 63,535 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 118,515 57,115 61,395 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,947 38,086 28,503 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 118,560 57,130 61,430 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,544 33,493 26,028 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 106,335 52,650 53,685 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,663 35,809 26,193 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,210 36,035 48,175 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,038 7,861 6,532 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,715 45,115 43,595 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,036 35,256 27,504 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 122,980 59,445 63,535 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 118,425 56,990 61,440 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,836 46,973 35,144 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 118,470 56,995 61,475 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,214 38,616 30,133 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 106,225 52,490 53,735 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,067 45,188 33,089 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,220 36,005 48,215 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,145 8,467 7,905 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,715 44,900 43,810 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,748 43,947 33,420 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 122,980 59,445 63,535 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 44,815 23,475 21,340 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,036 50,141 41,752 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,934 59,933 47,336 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.9 88.7 82.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.0 73.5 67.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.1 11.3 17.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 122,980 59,445 63,535 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 4,465 2,330 2,140 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 118,515 57,120 61,395 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.1 96.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,910 6,350 8,560 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 19,770 7,395 12,375 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 19,425 8,110 11,315 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 17,165 8,310 8,860 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 13,945 7,180 6,765 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 9,490 5,275 4,215 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 6,825 3,970 2,855 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 5,250 2,925 2,325 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,780 2,005 1,770 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,210 1,435 770 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 5,755 4,165 1,585 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 4,040 2,875 1,160 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,715 1,290 430 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 122,980 59,450 63,535 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 4,425 2,320 2,105 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 118,560 57,125 61,430 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.4 96.1 96.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,530 6,465 9,065 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 21,065 7,975 13,090 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 23,690 10,385 13,300 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 20,640 10,305 10,330 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 14,135 7,700 6,435 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 9,060 5,250 3,810 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 6,245 3,345 2,895 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,135 2,030 1,100 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 5,070 3,655 1,410 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,655 1,150 505 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,005 740 265 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,405 1,765 640 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 122,980 59,445 63,535 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 34,265 14,335 19,935 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 88,715 45,115 43,595 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 72.1 75.9 68.6 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,865 5,415 5,450 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 7,280 3,180 4,100 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 12,630 5,680 6,950 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 12,355 5,500 6,855 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 11,330 5,515 5,810 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 9,375 4,850 4,525 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 6,565 3,750 2,815 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 5,130 2,960 2,170 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 4,100 2,160 1,940 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 9,085 6,100 2,985 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,920 1,575 1,340 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,810 1,190 615 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 4,360 3,330 1,030 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 64,040 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,903 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,448 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 18,180 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,485 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,290 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 45,860 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,186 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,062 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 64,035 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,518 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,296 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 18,170 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,582 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,698 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 45,870 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,150 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,418 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 64,040 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 810 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,460 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,315 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,000 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,095 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,040 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,375 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,355 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,090 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,975 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,500 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,090 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,660 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,010 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,295 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,965 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,305 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,905 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,615 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,135 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 64,040 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 840 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,475 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,350 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,170 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,620 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,540 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,090 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,900 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,515 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,530 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,615 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,020 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,885 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,020 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,165 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,300 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,255 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,555 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,490 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 43,360 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,750 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,335 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,475 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,617 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,497 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,255 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,273 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,461 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,325 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,483 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,706 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 43,345 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,872 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,838 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,455 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,440 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,952 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,325 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,499 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,818 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,295 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,282 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,285 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 25,400 12,125 13,275 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,671 30,175 27,474 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,133 27,040 25,457 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 25,315 12,015 13,300 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,444 36,852 34,173 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,267 30,979 29,624 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 145,710 71,085 74,620 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 82,155 39,260 42,895 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 15,465 7,380 8,085 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 17,015 7,645 9,365 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 16,865 8,105 8,765 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 16,650 8,185 8,465 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 16,165 7,940 8,220 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 63,555 31,825 31,725 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 15,625 7,675 7,955 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 15,220 7,670 7,550 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 14,080 7,030 7,050 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,755 5,410 5,350 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 7,870 4,050 3,820 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 145,665 71,075 74,595 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 27,205 13,925 13,280 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 8,915 4,550 4,365 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 93,430 45,580 47,850 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 25,035 11,570 13,465 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 23,010 10,465 12,540 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 5,580 2,910 2,670 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,990 1,035 955 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 13,260 5,985 7,275 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 4,165 1,565 2,600 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.8 14.7 16.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 20.5 20.9 20.1 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 22.3 22.7 21.9 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.2 13.1 15.2 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 16.6 13.5 19.3 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,895 5,780 6,115 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,795 1,450 1,345 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,030 530 500 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 8,440 4,105 4,330 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 660 225 435 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.2 8.1 8.2 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.3 10.4 10.1 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.6 11.6 11.5 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.0 9.0 9.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.6 1.9 3.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 145,710 71,085 74,620 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 145,010 70,705 74,305 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 139,395 68,015 71,375 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 81,325 38,460 42,865 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 9,050 4,625 4,420 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 85 55 35 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 75 50 20 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 70 50 20 30 20 10
Malecite 10 0 10 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 60 45 20 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,965 4,580 4,390 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,350 790 560 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 50 30 25 145 95 45
Kabyle 40 25 20 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,330 770 560 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 55 35 25 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,215 705 510 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 40 20 20 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 45 20 20 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 270 135 135 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 10 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 265 135 130 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 605 265 340 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 35 15 20 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 15 0 15 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 30 10 25 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 10 0 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 575 250 325 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 235 60 175 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 145 40 100 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 15 55 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 135 75 60 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 35 25 15 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 30 20 10 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 70 40 25 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 4,020 2,055 1,965 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 30 20 10 1,640 840 795
Armenian 15 15 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 325 180 140 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 325 180 145 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 10 0 10 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 10 0 0 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 30 20 10 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 0 10 400 220 185
Polish 65 30 40 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 200 105 95 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 0 0 0 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 0 0 0 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 45 25 15 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 30 0 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 20 0 15 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 990 560 430 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 60 35 25 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 0 10 0 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 165 90 75 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 30 20 10 465 230 240
German 690 400 290 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 30 20 15 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 50 30 20 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 20 20 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 10 0 10 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 365 195 160 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 285 160 120 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 45 25 20 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 15 10 15 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 105 60 50 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 10 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 80 45 40 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 80 55 30 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 75 40 40 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 80 40 40 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 2,500 1,200 1,300 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 0 10 395 210 180
Italian 295 155 135 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 120 80 45 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 190 110 80 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,965 920 1,050 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 155 80 80 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 510 240 270 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 775 470 305 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 120 50 70 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 70 60 15 105 30 70
Ga 0 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 10 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 95 80 20 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 15 290 125 165
Shona 25 10 15 415 220 195
Swahili 185 105 80 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 50 40 15 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 10 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 270 165 105 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 290 120 170 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 95 40 55 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 195 80 115 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 835 420 410 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 770 390 375 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 165 80 80 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 575 260 315 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 0 15 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 85 15 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 30 35 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 10 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 60 25 40 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 10 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 25 10 10 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 60 35 25 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 60 35 20 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 75 40 40 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 0 10 0 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 75 35 40 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 145,705 71,085 74,620 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 140,035 68,185 71,850 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 26,065 13,350 12,720 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 113,970 54,835 59,135 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,670 2,900 2,770 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 145,705 71,090 74,620 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 136,040 66,220 69,815 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,090 3,945 4,140 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 2,250 1,025 1,225 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 480 280 200 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 590 335 260 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,895 870 1,025 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 660 275 385 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,240 595 645 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,870 1,435 1,435 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,585 920 660 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,085 3,940 4,145 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,165 530 640 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 1,840 915 925 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 1,395 600 800 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 3,065 1,540 1,520 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 630 365 265 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,090 3,945 4,140 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,955 850 1,100 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 10 0 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 90 25 65 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 25 20 0 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 35 25 10 1,305 600 710
Haiti 70 15 55 570 250 315
Jamaica 35 30 0 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 50 25 30 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 10 10 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 15 10 10 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,430 620 810 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 180 65 110 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 2,320 1,175 1,145 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 10 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 10 10 0 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 395 205 185 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 335 185 145 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 0 0 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 20 0 20 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 0 25 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 100 50 45 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 125 70 50 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 40 20 25 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 25 15 10 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 175 100 80 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 40 20 25 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 35 20 10 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 740 335 410 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 240 135 105 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,105 620 480 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 115 60 55 485 310 175
Egypt 20 10 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 30 15 15 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 10 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 80 45 40 985 535 455
Nigeria 0 10 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 10 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 60 35 25 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 780 445 335 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 2,680 1,265 1,410 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 15 10 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 500 195 305 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 55 25 30 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 210 115 95 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 60 35 25 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 35 0 25 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 430 215 210 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 110 75 35 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 45 30 10 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 405 150 250 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 10 0 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 285 135 160 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 0 0 10 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 255 125 130 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 265 145 115 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 25 20 10 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,870 1,435 1,435 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 210 85 120 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 10 10 0 580 250 325
Cuba 10 10 0 140 60 80
Haiti 35 10 25 35 35 10
Jamaica 10 10 0 625 355 265
Mexico 10 10 10 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 45 40 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 20 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 20 0 20 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 520 260 260 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 190 110 80 970 510 460
Germany 20 0 20 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 245 120 125
Romania 130 75 55 690 310 380