Census Profile, 2016 Census
York, County [Census division], New Brunswick and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York, CT
New Brunswick
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , York, County [Census division], New Brunswick  Map : York, County [Census division], New Brunswick
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 99,411 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 97,238 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,855 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 42,009 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 12.2 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,131.77 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 99,410 48,180 51,235 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 16,130 8,095 8,035 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,110 2,545 2,565 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,520 2,790 2,735 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 5,500 2,760 2,740 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 66,000 32,235 33,770 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 5,785 2,940 2,845 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,055 3,535 3,520 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,125 3,060 3,065 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,270 3,065 3,200 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,300 2,990 3,310 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,540 3,165 3,375 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,650 3,265 3,380 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 7,460 3,625 3,835 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,155 3,440 3,715 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,665 3,150 3,515 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 17,275 7,850 9,425 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,000 2,905 3,100 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,265 2,035 2,230 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,010 1,420 1,595 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,020 840 1,185 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,980 660 1,325 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,200 460 740 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 610 160 455 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 155 40 120 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 10 0 10 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.2 16.8 15.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.4 66.9 65.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.4 16.3 18.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.0 1.4 2.6 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.2 40.3 42.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.6 40.6 42.5 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 42,010 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,230 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 465 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,280 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 865 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,145 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,615 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,470 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 190 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,040 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 42,010 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 11,380 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 16,405 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,465 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,370 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,385 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 97,975 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 83,280 40,080 43,195 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 50,210 25,045 25,165 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 41,595 20,745 20,845 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 8,610 4,300 4,310 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 33,070 15,040 18,035 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 21,530 11,375 10,150 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,440 1,055 1,385 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 4,620 1,740 2,885 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,480 870 3,605 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 29,035 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 16,150 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,000 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,045 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,840 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 29,035 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 24,710 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 20,410 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,305 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,325 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,440 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 885 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,715 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 13,395 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 11,310 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,835 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,720 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,755 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,325 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,755 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,165 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 405 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,695 8,260 9,440 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 42,010 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 28,135 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,055 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 15,080 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 445 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,425 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 11,380 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,045 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 98,540 47,860 50,680 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 76,835 38,300 38,540 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 335 170 165 1,810 820 985
English and French 20,685 9,080 11,605 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 685 310 375 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 98,540 47,860 50,680 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 90,875 44,315 46,565 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 6,555 3,040 3,515 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 445 205 235 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 670 300 365 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,775 3,140 3,630 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 6.9 6.6 7.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 98,540 47,855 50,680 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 97,275 47,280 50,000 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 90,930 44,080 46,845 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 84,370 41,040 43,330 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 6,560 3,040 3,520 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 6,350 3,200 3,150 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 115 50 65 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 110 50 60 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 105 45 60 10 5 10
Malecite 80 30 45 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 30 15 15 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,230 3,150 3,085 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,060 575 485 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 5 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,055 575 480 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 40 20 15 1,370 670 700
Arabic 950 510 440 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 55 30 25 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 5 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 195 105 90 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 190 100 85 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 195 75 115 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 20 5 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 5 0 5 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 20 10 10 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 145 55 90 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5 5 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 80 45 35 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 10 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 10 0 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 45 25 20 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 20 10 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 2,740 1,370 1,370 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 25 10 15 1,465 765 705
Armenian 10 0 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 695 335 360 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 15 10 5 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 0 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 680 325 355 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 35 15 20 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 5 0 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 35 10 25 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 10 5 10 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 55 30 25 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 380 190 185 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 75 40 35 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 1,395 670 725
Slovak 0 0 0 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 55 25 30 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 0 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 670 320 350 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 5 5 0 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 20 5 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 240 130 110 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 360 165 200 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 5 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 10 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 20 5 15 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 25 10 10 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 830 440 385 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 480 260 220 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 80 50 30 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 15 5 5 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 100 50 50 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 5 0 255 130 125
Marathi 25 15 10 620 325 295
Nepali 140 70 70 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 10 10 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 10 5 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 60 35 25 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 345 180 160 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 15 5 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 15 10 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 315 165 145 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 490 245 245 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 60 35 25 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 65 30 35 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 70 30 35 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 295 150 145 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 25 5 25 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 335 175 160 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 150 80 70 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 0 5 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 5 5 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 50 20 25 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 10 5 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 15 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 0 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,275 640 640 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,275 640 635 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 120 55 65 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 15 10 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,010 515 500 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 35 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 25 5 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 40 20 20 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 25 15 15 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 60 30 35 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 10 5 5 705 295 410
Finnish 10 5 10 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 40 20 20 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,265 580 680 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 785 350 430 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 400 195 205 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 45 20 25 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 35 15 20 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 98,535 47,860 50,680 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 96,935 47,070 49,865 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 93,145 45,130 48,010 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 89,460 43,425 46,035 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,685 1,710 1,980 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 3,790 1,940 1,855 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 25 10 10 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 25 10 10 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 5 0 0
Malecite 20 10 10 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,770 1,925 1,845 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 725 370 355 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 725 370 355 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 15 5 10 600 275 320
Arabic 680 345 335 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 30 10 15 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 170 90 80 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 160 90 75 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 55 20 35 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 10 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 20 20 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 0 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 35 20 20 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 0 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 20 15 5 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 10 10 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,390 715 680 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 15 10 10 695 335 360
Armenian 10 5 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 450 230 220 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 10 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 440 220 215 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 20 5 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 15 10 5 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 5 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 10 10 5 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 295 150 145 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 60 30 30 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 30 20 15 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 110 55 55 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 35 20 15 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 65 30 35 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 5 0 5 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 575 300 270 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 300 155 145 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 55 30 25 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 15 10 5 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 65 35 30 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 10 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 105 50 60 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 0 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 5 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 35 20 15 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 270 145 130 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 5 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 5 0 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 260 135 120 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 225 115 110 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 10 5 5 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 25 10 10 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 30 15 15 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 160 85 75 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 5 0 0 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 265 140 130 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 60 30 35 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 30 10 15 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 35 20 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 15 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 990 505 480 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 985 505 480 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 65 30 35 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 840 440 400 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 25 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 15 5 10 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 10 5 5 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,600 785 815 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 550 265 290 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 980 490 485 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 15 10 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 55 20 35 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 98,540 47,860 50,680 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 89,630 43,790 45,840 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 3,250 1,555 1,690 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 3,660 1,580 2,075 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 1,845 860 980 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 160 60 100 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 1,685 805 885 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 40 20 20 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 50 25 25 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 70 25 40 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 81,870 39,555 42,310 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,735 37,515 40,225 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,225 40,853 28,652 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,765 37,515 40,245 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,689 35,859 26,352 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,595 34,900 35,695 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,059 38,944 26,005 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,015 22,830 31,180 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,306 6,778 6,015 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,530 29,280 28,250 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,144 37,843 27,252 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 81,870 39,555 42,310 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,750 37,420 40,325 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,084 50,238 36,444 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,775 37,430 40,350 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,886 41,111 31,039 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,545 34,835 35,705 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,572 48,866 34,455 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,080 22,785 31,295 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,711 7,799 7,646 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,525 29,105 28,425 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,925 47,175 34,527 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 81,865 39,555 42,310 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,350 15,650 13,695 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,997 56,302 44,724 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,190 64,840 50,591 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.7 90.7 83.9 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.4 73.1 66.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.3 9.3 16.1 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 81,865 39,555 42,315 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 4,130 2,040 2,090 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 77,740 37,515 40,225 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.0 94.8 95.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,615 4,565 6,050 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 12,890 4,830 8,060 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 11,310 4,570 6,740 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 9,595 4,425 5,170 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,440 4,060 4,380 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,530 3,550 2,985 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,895 2,880 2,015 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,920 2,200 1,715 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,795 1,620 1,170 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,740 1,130 605 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 5,000 3,670 1,330 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,555 2,570 985 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,445 1,105 345 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 81,865 39,555 42,310 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 4,105 2,035 2,065 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 77,760 37,515 40,250 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 94.8 95.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,110 4,640 6,470 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 13,590 5,170 8,420 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 13,345 5,605 7,740 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 11,825 5,560 6,265 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,535 4,990 4,545 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,585 3,880 2,700 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,620 2,600 2,020 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,560 1,680 885 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,590 3,390 1,205 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,580 1,130 445 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 890 660 225 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,120 1,595 525 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 81,865 39,555 42,310 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 24,340 10,280 14,065 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 57,530 29,280 28,250 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 70.3 74.0 66.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,195 3,365 3,830 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,895 2,145 2,745 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 8,115 3,620 4,495 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 7,255 3,270 3,985 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,035 2,900 3,135 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,795 2,770 3,025 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,445 2,500 1,940 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,560 2,070 1,485 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,045 1,630 1,415 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 7,195 5,005 2,190 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,135 1,290 845 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,340 875 470 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,720 2,840 880 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 42,010 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,274 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,071 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,380 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,765 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,346 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,625 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,871 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,063 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 42,010 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,738 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,439 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,405 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,389 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,960 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,605 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,027 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,169 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 42,010 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 695 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 940 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 895 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,795 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,840 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,830 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,020 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,970 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,905 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,880 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,475 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,235 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,895 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,660 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,175 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,800 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,340 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,890 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,825 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,740 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 42,005 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 720 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 950 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 915 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,885 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,135 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,050 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,355 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,400 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,360 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,270 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,120 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,785 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,140 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,780 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,225 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,905 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,910 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,990 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,005 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,990 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,074 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,860 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,860 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,011 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,562 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,405 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,023 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,509 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,075 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,137 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,680 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,000 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,214 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,934 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,850 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,184 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,761 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,395 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,930 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,500 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,075 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,936 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,234 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,100 7,575 8,525 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,683 29,331 28,165 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,468 26,723 26,286 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,020 7,535 8,485 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,739 37,609 35,968 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,335 31,614 31,089 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 97,975 47,635 50,335 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 52,580 25,080 27,500 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 12,025 5,790 6,240 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 10,540 4,770 5,775 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 10,050 4,850 5,200 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 9,995 4,840 5,155 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 9,955 4,830 5,130 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 45,395 22,560 22,835 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 10,435 5,130 5,305 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 9,980 4,955 5,025 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 9,785 4,835 4,960 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 8,710 4,375 4,340 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 6,485 3,275 3,215 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 96,450 46,900 49,550 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 18,900 9,530 9,375 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,035 3,005 3,035 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 61,380 29,855 31,530 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 16,165 7,520 8,650 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 15,790 7,265 8,525 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,165 2,125 2,040 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,450 720 720 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 9,360 4,310 5,050 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,270 835 1,435 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.4 15.5 17.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.0 22.3 21.8 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 24.0 24.0 23.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.2 14.4 16.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 14.0 11.1 16.6 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,645 4,250 4,395 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,060 1,065 995 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 720 365 355 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 6,275 3,065 3,215 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 305 120 190 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.0 9.1 8.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.9 11.2 10.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.9 12.1 11.7 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 10.3 10.2 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 97,980 47,640 50,335 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 97,295 47,335 49,955 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 96,965 47,140 49,830 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 20,955 9,265 11,685 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 8,735 4,310 4,420 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 345 145 200 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 325 145 180 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 320 140 175 30 20 10
Malecite 230 100 130 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 85 40 50 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 10 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 15 0 20 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 20 0 15 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,400 4,170 4,230 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,480 740 745 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,480 740 740 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 55 35 20 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,225 610 615 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 200 95 110 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 10 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 280 150 130 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 275 150 125 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 190 75 110 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 10 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 20 10 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 35 10 20 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 55 75 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 20 10 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 150 80 75 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 15 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 100 55 45 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 70 30 40 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 4,345 2,090 2,260 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 45 25 20 1,640 840 795
Armenian 45 20 25 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 820 405 415 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 15 0 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 15 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 810 395 415 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 55 30 25 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 20 0 20 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 45 10 35 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 30 15 10 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 10 0 400 220 185
Polish 110 50 60 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 520 270 250 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 40 30 10 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 10 0 0 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 10 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 80 20 55 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 50 15 30 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,085 555 535 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 10 10 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 30 15 15 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 375 175 200 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 705 375 330 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 25 15 15 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 25 15 15 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 70 35 30 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 1,035 530 505 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 685 365 315 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 95 70 25 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 30 15 15 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 320 160 155 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 15 10 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 175 80 90 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 35 40 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 110 55 50 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 380 185 195 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 40 15 25 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 35 25 15 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 300 145 155 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 1,385 605 780 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 160 60 100 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 100 55 45 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 30 15 20 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,155 515 645 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 105 40 65 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 435 225 210 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 15 10 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 285 180 105 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 10 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 15 10 10 425 240 185
Lingala 15 0 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 15 10 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 55 35 20 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 40 30 15 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 65 50 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 145 55 90 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 55 15 40 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,300 695 605 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 1,295 695 605 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 120 60 55 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,130 625 505 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 20 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 35 35 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 40 25 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 25 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 35 10 25 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 55 20 30 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 50 20 30 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 45 20 30 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 10 0 0 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 40 15 25 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 97,975 47,640 50,335 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 93,195 45,175 48,020 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,320 9,300 9,020 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 74,880 35,880 39,000 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,780 2,465 2,320 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 97,975 47,640 50,340 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 88,775 43,075 45,700 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,215 3,950 4,260 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 2,240 1,050 1,185 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 610 300 310 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 800 370 435 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,905 930 975 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 640 295 350 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,270 640 630 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,650 1,295 1,360 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 990 615 375 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,210 3,950 4,260 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,100 480 620 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 1,735 795 945 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 1,425 665 765 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 3,260 1,625 1,635 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 690 390 305 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,210 3,950 4,260 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,475 700 775 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 10 0 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 35 25 10 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 70 45 25 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 25 0 20 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 10 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 25 20 10 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 25 10 10 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 10 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 30 20 10 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,085 495 590 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 170 65 100 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 2,470 1,140 1,330 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 65 30 40 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 10 0 0 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 80 40 45 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 325 135 190 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 10 0 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 25 10 20 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 20 15 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 25 15 10 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 270 150 115 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 55 25 30 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 30 20 20 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 25 10 15 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 55 30 25 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 0 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 130 50 80 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,060 505 560 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 245 100 145 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 595 330 265 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 0 10 485 310 175
Egypt 40 30 15 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 45 20 25 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 20 15 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 25 10 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 75 35 35 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 15 10 10 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 360 200 165 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 3,595 1,745 1,850 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 10 0 10 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 60 30 25 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 805 405 395 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 20 15 10 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 275 125 155 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 255 115 145 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 50 20 25 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 20 10 15 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 410 225 185 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 170 90 75 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 75 35 40 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 160 60 100 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 25 15 15 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 475 230 245 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 25 10 20 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 255 130 125 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 505 230 280 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 75 35 40 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,650 1,295 1,360 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 150 80 70 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 15 10 10 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 0 10 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 70 35 30 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 50 25 25 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 260 135 120 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 15 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 20 15 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation 20