Census Profile, 2016 Census
Québec, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Québec,
Quebec
[Census division]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Québec, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec  Map : Québec, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 569,717 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 551,856 r ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.2 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 282,180 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 267,144 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,038.3 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 548.72 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 569,720 276,110 293,605 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 81,000 41,245 39,755 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 27,995 14,325 13,665 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 28,265 14,375 13,890 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 24,735 12,540 12,195 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 372,100 185,515 186,590 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 26,385 13,385 13,000 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 38,865 19,210 19,660 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 39,830 20,150 19,680 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 37,625 19,420 18,205 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 38,140 19,520 18,615 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 32,535 16,565 15,970 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 32,845 16,395 16,450 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 41,245 20,380 20,865 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 44,100 21,415 22,690 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 40,525 19,075 21,445 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 116,615 49,355 67,260 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 36,720 17,015 19,705 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 29,520 13,295 16,225 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 19,960 8,560 11,400 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 14,800 5,765 9,035 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 15,620 4,725 10,895 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 9,770 3,265 6,510 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 4,540 1,225 3,315 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 1,150 215 935 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 155 20 130 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.2 14.9 13.5 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 65.3 67.2 63.6 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 20.5 17.9 22.9 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.7 1.7 3.7 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 43.2 41.7 44.6 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 43.5 41.5 45.6 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 267,145 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 89,245 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,020 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 155,535 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 14,475 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 6,960 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 17,920 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 115,010 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,170 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,350 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 267,145 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 102,220 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 95,230 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 32,715 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 26,570 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 10,405 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 552,910 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.1 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 488,720 234,870 253,850 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 266,820 133,575 133,245 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 142,645 71,290 71,355 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 124,170 62,285 61,890 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 221,900 101,295 120,610 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 152,195 79,835 72,360 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 6,610 2,915 3,695 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 34,835 12,725 22,110 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 28,260 5,820 22,440 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 154,170 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 89,370 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 30,165 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 25,580 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,055 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 154,165 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 130,465 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 68,435 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 62,025 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 23,700 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 17,305 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 6,395 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 130,465 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 74,185 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 56,285 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 23,360 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 24,185 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 8,735 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 23,700 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 15,185 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 6,805 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 1,710 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 133,460 62,255 71,200 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 267,145 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 152,285 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 73,345 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 78,940 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 935 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 113,925 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 102,220 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 11,705 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 560,310 272,570 287,740 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 1,385 760 630 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 330,785 147,505 183,275 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 226,265 123,470 102,790 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 1,875 830 1,040 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 560,305 272,570 287,740 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 9,325 4,790 4,535 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 543,605 263,940 279,665 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 5,580 3,045 2,530 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 1,795 785 1,010 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,120 6,320 5,800 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.2 2.3 2.0 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 560,310 272,570 287,740 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 554,295 269,450 284,845 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 527,105 255,950 271,160 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 7,865 4,030 3,830 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 519,245 251,920 267,325 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 27,185 13,500 13,685 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 590 230 350 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 580 230 345 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 570 230 340 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 45 20 25 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 510 205 310 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 10 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 10 5 10 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 10 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,600 13,265 13,330 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,550 3,095 2,455 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 685 385 300 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 360 200 160 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 330 180 140 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 45 20 25 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 45 15 25 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 4,790 2,680 2,110 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 0 5 745 340 405
Arabic 4,765 2,670 2,100 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 0 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 5 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 10 0 5 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,170 555 615 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 380 170 205 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 790 380 410 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 320 125 200 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 20 5 15 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 410 125 275
Ilocano 5 0 5 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 180 85 95 1,250 590 660
Malay 20 10 10 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 20 55 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 320 140 180
Creole languages 530 245 280 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 45 20 25 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 480 220 260 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 30 20 15 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 5 5 0 440 235 205
Tamil 20 10 5 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 10 5 5 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 14,395 6,960 7,440 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 205 105 100 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 65 30 30 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 2,395 1,130 1,270 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 20 15 10 850 335 515
Latvian 15 10 0 290 120 175
Lithuanian 5 0 0 555 215 340
Slavic languages 2,375 1,115 1,260 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 615 310 305 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 225 105 120 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 90 45 45 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 30 10 20 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 10 5 0 205 105 95
Polish 250 115 135 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 605 260 345 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 150 75 75 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 270 130 145 1,805 865 940
Slovak 15 5 5 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 755 350 405
Ukrainian 105 45 60 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 0 5 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 5 0 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 90 55 30
Germanic languages 580 255 330 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 5 5 0 125 60 65
Danish 10 5 5 395 190 200
Dutch 100 60 50 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 410 165 245 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 5 0 0 200 100 100
Swedish 30 15 15 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 10 540 240 300
Yiddish 0 0 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 175 100 75
Greek 90 50 35 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 1,610 800 810 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 1,025 520 505 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 70 40 35 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 20 15 10 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 40 25 15 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 5 5 0 110 60 55
Marathi 5 0 0 255 145 110
Nepali 845 420 425 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 5 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 5 0 5 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 645 310 330
Urdu 30 15 15 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 485 240 245 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 45 30 15 985 550 430
Pashto 0 0 0 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 440 210 225 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 35 60 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 9,445 4,595 4,855 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 15 5 5 320 170 150
Italian 520 290 230 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 1,510 750 765 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 790 380 410 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 6,605 3,165 3,435 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 125 75 50
Japanese 145 45 100 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 170 80 85
Georgian 5 0 5 170 80 90
Korean 25 10 20 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 0 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 2,685 1,380 1,300 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 70 40 30 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 45 25 25 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 95 60 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 5 0 5 35 15 20
Igbo 0 5 0 120 70 50
Lingala 110 55 60 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 460 225 235 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 300 130 170 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 495 240 255 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 275 150 130 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 10 10 5 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 755 405 345 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 15 15 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 335 170 165
Sign languages 100 50 50 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 55 25 30 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 20 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,215 575 640 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 1,115 525 590 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 250 125 120 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 5 0 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 735 335 405 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 15 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 35 40 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 55 45 345 175 170
Burmese 10 5 5 80 30 50
Karenic languages 70 40 30 70 40 30
Tibetan 5 5 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 145 55 90 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 90 45 45 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 55 10 45 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 75 45 30 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 290 160 130
Turkish 50 35 20 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 185 80 105
Uralic languages 120 60 60 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 5 5 5 195 75 120
Finnish 10 5 5 360 125 240
Hungarian 105 60 50 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 40 20 685 385 300
Multiple responses 6,015 3,120 2,895 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 2,775 1,480 1,300 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 205 110 100 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 2,775 1,395 1,375 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 255 140 115 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 560,305 272,570 287,740 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 550,830 267,820 283,005 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 536,960 261,065 275,890 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 5,945 3,065 2,875 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 531,015 258,000 273,010 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 13,870 6,755 7,115 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 285 120 165 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 275 115 155 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 270 115 155 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 10 5 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 260 110 145 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 5 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 5 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,590 6,630 6,955 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,095 1,080 1,015 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 220 110 105 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 145 70 70 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 10 5 10 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 10 5 5 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,855 960 900 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 0 0 0 340 150 185
Arabic 1,850 955 890 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 5 0 0 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 640 280 355 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 180 80 100 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 455 205 250 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 85 45 45 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 60 30 30 360 185 170
Malay 5 0 0 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 10 5 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 75 35 35
Creole languages 125 55 75 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 120 50 75 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 5 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 5 0 0 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 5 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 8,645 4,205 4,435 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 100 50 50 1,615 795 820
Armenian 35 20 15 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 1,330 645 685 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 10 5 5 190 80 105
Latvian 5 0 5 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 1,320 635 680 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 365 180 190 965 475 495
Bulgarian 135 65 70 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 55 25 25 1,015 475 545
Czech 10 5 5 460 220 240
Macedonian 0 5 0 130 65 65
Polish 80 35 45 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 365 175 190 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 100 50 50 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 140 65 70 960 470 490
Slovak 0 0 0 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 65 30 35 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 90 40 50 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 20 10 5 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 70 30 40 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 20 5 10 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 1,340 655 690 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 910 450 460 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 45 25 25 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 15 10 10 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 15 5 5 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 5 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 815 400 415 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 365 185 180
Urdu 10 5 5 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 340 165 175 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 20 10 10 510 280 235
Pashto 0 0 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 325 155 165 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 5,725 2,785 2,935 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 5 0 5 110 50 60
Italian 100 45 55 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 1,020 510 505 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 440 215 220 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 4,160 2,015 2,150 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 60 20 40 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 5 0 10 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 735 340 395 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 445 215 235
Bamanankan 15 5 10 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 10 5 5 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 25 15 15 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 165 75 90 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 20 30 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 170 85 90 1,100 535 565
Wolof 90 50 45 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 85 110 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 5 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 130 65 65
Sign languages 125 65 60 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 70 40 30 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 30 30 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 915 465 445 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 825 420 405 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 155 80 75 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 580 295 285 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 50 40 215 115 100
Burmese 15 10 5 35 15 20
Karenic languages 70 35 30 65 40 30
Tibetan 5 0 5 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 50 20 30 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 30 10 20 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 20 10 15 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 25 10 15 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 15 5 10 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 30 35
Uralic languages 25 15 15 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 5 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 30 10 10 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 150 90 60
Multiple responses 9,475 4,745 4,730 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 2,795 1,490 1,305 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 220 110 115 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 5,845 2,835 3,015 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 615 310 305 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 560,310 272,565 287,740 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 513,985 248,240 265,745 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 24,900 13,715 11,185 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 9,595 4,730 4,870 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 9,985 4,955 5,030 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 225 90 140 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 9,755 4,865 4,890 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 530 280 245 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 1,035 515 520 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 250 110 140 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 35 25 10 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 472,065 228,995 243,070 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 462,555 224,500 238,055 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,013 41,468 32,954 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 462,640 224,515 238,125 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,405 35,709 29,329 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 424,495 209,615 214,880 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,369 38,507 28,501 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 352,305 159,675 192,630 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,064 5,440 8,038 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 338,240 174,240 164,000 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,115 37,491 30,810 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 472,065 228,965 243,095 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 462,600 224,540 238,055 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,774 50,877 39,017 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 462,640 224,545 238,095 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,750 41,001 32,742 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 424,350 210,120 214,230 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,965 48,724 35,335 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 351,585 159,230 192,350 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,261 7,448 8,934 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 338,240 174,855 163,380 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,193 45,576 36,502 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 472,065 228,970 243,095 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 155,955 83,475 72,485 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,948 53,078 44,920 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,445 61,495 50,630 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.9 89.6 81.5 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.3 69.8 64.2 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.1 10.4 18.5 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 472,065 228,995 243,070 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 9,510 4,495 5,015 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 462,555 224,500 238,050 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 98.0 98.0 97.9 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,995 20,025 24,970 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 77,040 30,600 46,445 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 65,005 27,440 37,560 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 63,985 29,600 34,385 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 59,370 28,250 31,120 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 45,345 23,565 21,780 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 32,070 18,255 13,810 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 24,190 13,995 10,200 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 15,795 9,295 6,500 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 8,980 5,785 3,200 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 25,780 17,690 8,090 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 17,685 11,785 5,900 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 8,090 5,900 2,190 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 472,065 228,995 243,070 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 9,425 4,480 4,945 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 462,640 224,515 238,120 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 98.0 98.0 98.0 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 48,265 20,480 27,785 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 80,235 32,440 47,790 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 82,315 35,760 46,550 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 84,525 40,370 44,150 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 64,980 33,580 31,395 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 42,115 23,995 18,120 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 25,505 14,700 10,805 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 12,595 7,945 4,655 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 22,115 15,255 6,865 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 7,270 4,765 2,505 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 4,360 2,990 1,365 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 10,485 7,495 2,990 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 472,065 228,995 243,070 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 133,825 54,755 79,070 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 338,240 174,235 164,005 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 71.7 76.1 67.5 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 40,735 21,380 19,355 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 25,385 11,260 14,125 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 46,355 21,070 25,285 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 40,085 18,550 21,535 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 41,805 19,945 21,860 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 38,065 18,315 19,750 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 28,740 15,565 13,175 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 22,395 13,065 9,330 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 18,430 10,715 7,715 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 36,245 24,370 11,880 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 11,160 6,950 4,210 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 6,525 4,350 2,175 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 18,565 13,065 5,495 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 267,145 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,175 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,592 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 102,220 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,079 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,020 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 164,925 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,677 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,835 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 267,145 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,532 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,644 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 102,200 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,575 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,654 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 164,945 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,811 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,607 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 267,145 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,460 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,570 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,880 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 12,820 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,995 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,130 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,395 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,380 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,100 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,100 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,180 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,015 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,730 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,970 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,320 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 67,110 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,810 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,125 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 14,955 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,220 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 267,145 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,670 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,645 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,985 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 13,505 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,890 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,490 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,990 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 17,745 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,660 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,450 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 27,480 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 23,130 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,360 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,850 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,090 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 42,200 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,030 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,015 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,155 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 155,740 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,222 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,885 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 72,545 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,000 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,429 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 56,475 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,806 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,104 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,245 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,802 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,418 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 155,745 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,627 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,820 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 72,550 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,127 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,498 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 56,475 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,151 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,496 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,175 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,198 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,907 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 125,375 58,645 66,735 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,567 33,956 31,413 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,169 30,049 28,508 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 125,235 58,370 66,865 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,006 41,070 37,204 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,768 33,950 31,737 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 552,915 270,160 282,750 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 285,060 134,600 150,460 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 42,870 21,165 21,705 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 51,815 22,620 29,195 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 58,665 27,465 31,200 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 65,905 31,435 34,465 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 65,810 31,910 33,900 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 267,850 135,560 132,295 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 66,590 33,045 33,545 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 65,115 33,050 32,065 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 56,645 28,760 27,880 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 44,710 22,780 21,925 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 34,785 17,915 16,865 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 550,790 269,105 281,685 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 95,125 48,505 46,615 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 33,610 17,170 16,445 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 353,090 175,330 177,765 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 102,580 45,270 57,310 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 65,065 29,600 35,465 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 9,620 4,885 4,735 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 3,275 1,675 1,595 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 40,170 19,880 20,290 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 15,280 4,835 10,445 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.8 11.0 12.6 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 10.1 10.1 10.2 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 9.7 9.8 9.7 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.3 11.4 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 14.9 10.7 18.2 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 54,685 25,775 28,910 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 6,835 3,455 3,375 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 2,330 1,175 1,155 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 37,420 19,170 18,250 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 10,430 3,150 7,280 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.9 9.6 10.3 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.2 7.1 7.2 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 6.9 6.8 7.0 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 10.9 10.3 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 10.2 7.0 12.7 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 552,915 270,160 282,750 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 551,010 269,315 281,700 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 226,090 123,425 102,665 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 549,715 268,635 281,080 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 57,095 27,020 30,080 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 780 335 440 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 680 305 375 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 640 285 350 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 65 20 45 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 550 250 300 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 30 10 15 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 15 20 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 15 10 10 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 20 0 15 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 50 15 30 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 45 15 35 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 35 10 25 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 56,340 26,695 29,650 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,010 4,335 3,675 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 820 435 385 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 415 220 190 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 405 215 190 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 55 20 35 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 55 20 35 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 7,540 4,105 3,440 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 10 0 0 1,145 540 600
Arabic 7,490 4,065 3,420 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 50 40 15 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 10 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,485 705 775 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 545 275 275 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 960 440 520 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 365 160 210 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 15 10 15 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 0 0 10 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 165 70 95 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 55 35 25 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 100 35 65 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 540 270 275
Creole languages 1,150 560 590 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 110 65 45 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 910 425 485 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 130 70 55 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 15 10 10 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 0 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 0 0 0 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 15 0 10 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 38,710 17,635 21,080 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 280 165 120 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 25 20 10 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 2,985 1,485 1,500 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 0 10 0 1,080 500 585
Latvian 0 0 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 0 0 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 2,980 1,475 1,505 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 10 0 0 365 150 215
Bosnian 635 345 290 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 145 70 80 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 155 75 80 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 50 25 15 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 10 15 0 285 140 145
Polish 355 175 180 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 1,160 545 610 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 180 95 85 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 380 165 215 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 35 20 10 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 970 490 480
Ukrainian 170 80 90 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 10 10 0 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 10 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 265 175 95
Germanic languages 3,330 1,725 1,605 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 20 15 10 415 260 150
Danish 40 20 15 835 410 420
Dutch 255 160 90 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 2,935 1,500 1,430 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 10 0 10 140 80 60
Norwegian 15 10 10 510 255 255
Swedish 90 45 45 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 270 125 140
Greek 235 125 115 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 1,880 905 980 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 1,095 550 545 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 100 60 40 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 30 15 15 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 205 120 85 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 10 10 10 475 240 230
Nepali 825 395 430 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 0 0 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 0 0 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,335 625 710
Urdu 45 25 15 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 620 295 330 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 60 30 30 1,255 665 590
Pashto 0 0 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 575 275 300 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 80 120 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 31,640 14,035 17,605 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 75 35 40 890 525 365
Italian 2,585 1,125 1,460 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 2,620 1,305 1,315 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 1,025 470 560 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 26,770 11,725 15,045 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 490 345 145
Japanese 485 265 215 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 220 110 110
Georgian 10 0 10 215 105 110
Korean 40 15 30 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 4,510 2,430 2,080 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 160 95 65 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 0 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 80 55 25 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 245 140 105 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 0 0 315 155 160
Ganda 10 10 0 90 40 55
Igbo 0 10 0 275 190 90
Lingala 470 260 215 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 645 330 315 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 405 200 200 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 995 560 440 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 615 370 240 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 20 10 10 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,635 855 780 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 165 65 100 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 165 65 100 695 345 350
Sign languages 590 195 395 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 15 0 15 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 395 135 255 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 210 65 150 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,740 815 925 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 1,580 730 855 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 440 220 220 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 10 10 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 1,085 495 590 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 25 30 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 55 70 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 85 70 430 235 195
Burmese 60 35 25 140 75 60
Karenic languages 105 55 50 105 55 45
Tibetan 10 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 180 90 90 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 85 45 35 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 110 60 55 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 105 50 50 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 25 10 10 510 275 235
Turkish 75 50 35 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 200 95 105 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 40 10 25 500 195 305
Hungarian 165 90 75 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 105 135 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 552,910 270,155 282,755 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 532,775 260,210 272,570 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 91,775 46,980 44,805 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 441,000 213,230 227,765 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 20,135 9,950 10,185 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 552,915 270,160 282,755 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 509,255 248,305 260,950 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 38,665 19,315 19,355 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 4,360 2,405 1,955 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 2,820 1,400 1,420 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 5,540 2,565 2,975 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 13,840 6,985 6,850 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 5,355 2,750 2,605 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 8,485 4,230 4,250 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 12,105 5,960 6,145 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,990 2,545 2,450 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 38,670 19,315 19,355 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 5,200 2,245 2,950 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 5,540 2,815 2,730 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 6,005 2,955 3,050 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 19,940 10,330 9,610 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 1,985 980 1,005 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 38,665 19,310 19,350 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 8,615 4,005 4,615 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 845 400 445 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 2,595 1,230 1,365 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 335 160 180 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 10 0 10 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 985 445 545 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 20 15 0 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 755 370 380 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 425 170 255 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 15 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 850 375 475 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,785 835 945 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 12,385 6,465 5,915 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 870 430 440 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 65 15 45 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 6,410 3,540 2,870 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 575 220 355 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 70 40 30 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 65 45 25 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 820 485 330
Italy 350 210 135 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 35 10 25 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 225 90 135 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 460 230 225 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 655 320 335 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 230 110 120 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 55 35 20 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 200 85 110 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 215 140 80 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 1,895 920 970 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 11,930 6,460 5,470 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 1,720 945 775 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 245 120 125 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 10 10 0 995 495 495
Kenya 40 15 30 785 355 430
Morocco 1,990 1,095 895 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 35 25 15 1,340 740 600
Somalia 0 0 0 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 35 15 15 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 7,855 4,245 3,610 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 5,695 2,350 3,345 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 95 50 40 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 120 55 65 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,425 375 1,050 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 55 15 45 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 70 35 30 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 295 145 150 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 120 45 75 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 100 15 90 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 120 70 50 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 235 135 105 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 25 15 10 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 125 40 80 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 335 175 165 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 35 20 20 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 720 320 400 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 1,830 850 975 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 40 30 10 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 12,110 5,965 6,145 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 2,555 1,205 1,350 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 545 255 290 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 850 395 455 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 200 110 95 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 295 125 170 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 0 10 0 190 140 55
Mexico 200 100 100 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 95 55 40 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 100 50 50 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 265 120 150 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 2,775 1,485 1,290 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 1,985 1,060 930 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 40 20 15 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 110 45 65 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 55 25 25 2,945