Census Profile, 2016 Census
Longueuil, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Longueuil,
Quebec
[Census division]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Longueuil, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec  Map : Longueuil, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 415,347 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 399,097 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.1 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 183,008 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 175,735 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,471.8 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 282.21 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 415,350 200,790 214,565 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 66,310 33,880 32,430 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 21,930 11,210 10,720 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 23,020 11,815 11,205 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 21,360 10,855 10,505 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 269,110 132,210 136,895 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 22,080 11,200 10,885 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 25,250 12,715 12,540 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 23,880 11,920 11,960 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 24,675 12,060 12,615 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 27,540 13,590 13,950 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 26,805 13,280 13,535 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 27,005 13,225 13,775 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 31,555 15,420 16,140 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 31,975 15,325 16,650 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 28,340 13,485 14,855 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 79,930 34,690 45,235 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 25,625 11,575 14,040 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 21,060 9,620 11,440 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 14,295 6,390 7,905 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 9,835 4,135 5,705 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 9,110 2,965 6,145 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 6,085 2,260 3,825 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 2,355 590 1,765 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 595 115 485 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 75 5 70 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.0 16.9 15.1 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 64.8 65.8 63.8 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 19.2 17.3 21.1 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.5 2.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.4 41.2 43.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.3 41.8 44.8 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 175,735 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 69,505 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,050 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 96,735 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 11,520 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 6,865 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,950 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 70,815 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 585 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 450 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 175,735 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 55,365 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 60,170 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 26,170 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 22,730 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,300 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 406,360 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 349,035 166,905 182,135 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 196,265 98,185 98,080 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 130,025 65,005 65,020 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 66,235 33,180 33,055 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 152,770 68,720 84,050 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 101,245 53,120 48,125 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 5,305 2,270 3,035 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 26,580 9,315 17,265 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 19,640 4,010 15,630 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 116,665 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 60,310 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 25,325 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 22,135 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,895 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 116,665 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 95,900 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 62,830 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 33,070 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,765 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 15,875 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 4,885 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 95,905 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 47,310 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 48,595 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 19,320 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 20,750 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 8,525 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,765 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 12,995 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 6,005 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 1,760 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 74,240 33,820 40,425 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 175,735 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 112,800 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 45,760 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 67,040 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,890 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 61,035 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 55,365 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 5,670 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 410,970 199,275 211,690 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 17,565 8,860 8,700 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 158,705 69,580 89,125 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 228,765 118,395 110,370 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 5,935 2,435 3,500 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 410,970 199,275 211,690 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 48,225 24,195 24,030 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 334,175 160,975 173,200 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 22,800 11,750 11,045 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 5,770 2,355 3,420 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 59,625 30,070 29,550 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 14.5 15.1 14.0 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 410,965 199,275 211,690 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 398,585 193,035 205,545 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 325,065 157,235 167,825 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 29,350 14,635 14,715 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 295,710 142,605 153,110 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 73,520 35,805 37,720 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 35 10 20 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 20 5 10 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 5 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 10 5 5 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 10 5 10 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 10 0 10 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 73,490 35,785 37,700 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,295 5,935 5,360 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 1,115 585 535 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 695 345 350 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 425 235 185 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 25 10 10 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 0 0 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 20 10 10 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 10,115 5,325 4,800 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 20 10 15 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 10,045 5,280 4,760 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 35 20 10 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 0 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 20 5 10 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,050 1,435 1,615 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 450 195 250 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 2,605 1,240 1,360 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 960 355 605 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 5 5 5 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 35 10 20 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 15 5 5 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 50 15 30 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 205 100 105 1,430 665 760
Malay 55 20 30 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 585 200 395 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 3,950 1,810 2,145 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 195 90 105 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 3,495 1,595 1,905 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 255 125 130 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 355 170 190 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 30 20 10 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 45 20 30 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 240 115 125 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 40 20 25 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 37,215 18,150 19,065 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 95 45 45 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 400 195 200 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 4,800 2,210 2,590 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 60 30 35 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 10 0 5 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 55 25 30 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 4,740 2,180 2,560 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 5 0 5 810 385 430
Bosnian 15 5 10 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 780 380 400 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 125 65 60 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 105 50 55 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 10 0 5 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 810 335 475 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 2,150 980 1,165 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 145 80 65 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 20 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 70 40 30 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 165 70 100 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 300 135 160 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 10 5 5 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 5 0 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 1,035 510 525 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 5 0 5 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 30 20 15 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 185 90 95 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 725 355 370 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 5 5 0 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 30 10 15 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 20 15 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 5 5 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 525 280 240
Greek 1,940 1,015 920 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 6,790 3,465 3,325 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 2,525 1,255 1,270 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 500 255 235 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 240 110 130 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 305 155 145 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 5 0 565 300 265
Konkani 15 0 10 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 30 15 15 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 5 5 5 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 530 250 275 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 25 10 15 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 845 435 415 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 4,230 2,190 2,040 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 20 15 10 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 90 40 50 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 4,115 2,135 1,985 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 22,150 10,700 11,445 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 10 5 10 865 440 425
Italian 2,465 1,300 1,165 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 2,710 1,295 1,415 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 3,665 1,755 1,910 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 13,290 6,340 6,950 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 720 380 340
Japanese 130 40 100 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 410 175 235 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 5 5 5 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 1,825 955 870 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 20 5 15 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 95 50 45 1,535 815 720
Edo 0 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 55 30 20 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 150 75 75 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 5 1,295 625 665
Igbo 5 0 0 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 115 60 55 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 170 80 90 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 50 55 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 0 0 0 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 145 70 80 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 350 190 160 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 15 10 5 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 590 325 265 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 90 45 45 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 5 0 5 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 60 25 30 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,015 6,135 6,885 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 12,955 6,100 6,855 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 5,875 2,790 3,085 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 125 55 70 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 5,960 2,780 3,185 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 5 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 370 180 195 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 210 95 120 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 395 190 200 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 35 30 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 0 5 0 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 60 35 25 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 490 235 255 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 445 220 225 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 45 10 35 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 310 165 150 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 25 10 15 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 280 145 140 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 325 160 160 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 5 5 5 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 15 0 10 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 310 160 150 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 12,385 6,235 6,145 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 4,695 2,380 2,310 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 1,425 725 700 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 4,905 2,425 2,485 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 1,350 705 645 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 410,965 199,275 211,690 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 388,800 188,500 200,305 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 345,315 167,490 177,825 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 37,500 18,745 18,755 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 307,815 148,740 159,070 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 43,485 21,010 22,475 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,475 21,000 22,475 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,705 2,355 2,355 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 330 160 165 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 210 100 105 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 55 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 10 5 5 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 4,365 2,185 2,185 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 0 0 0 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 4,355 2,180 2,175 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 10 5 5 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 5 0 0 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,995 955 1,040 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 235 105 130 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 1,760 845 910 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 330 140 185 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 5 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 5 0 0 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 20 5 10 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 65 30 35 435 220 210
Malay 10 5 5 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 220 90 130 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 1,535 680 865 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 70 25 45 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 1,320 580 745 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 70 80 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 205 95 110 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 20 5 10 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 20 10 15 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 145 65 80 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 20 10 10 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 22,525 10,900 11,630 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 75 35 40 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 200 95 110 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 3,075 1,470 1,605 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 10 5 5 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 10 10 5 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 3,060 1,460 1,600 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 5 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 10 5 5 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 620 290 325 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 50 25 25 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 45 25 25 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 5 5 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 360 160 195 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 1,655 805 850 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 70 35 35 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 10 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 25 15 10 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 25 40 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 140 65 75 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 125 55 70 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 0 0 0 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 5 0 5 855 410 445
Dutch 20 5 15 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 95 45 50 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 0 5 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 970 475 490 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 4,555 2,260 2,290 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 1,420 680 740 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 330 165 160 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 120 55 70 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 180 90 95 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 5 0 5 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 10 10 5 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 0 0 0 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 310 140 170 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 30 15 15 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 5 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 420 205 220 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 3,130 1,580 1,545 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 5 0 5 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 55 25 35 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 3,065 1,555 1,510 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 13,530 6,505 7,025 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 460 195 260 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 1,380 675 710 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 2,550 1,245 1,305 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 9,135 4,390 4,750 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 55 25 30 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 5 5 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 285 130 155 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 380 180 205 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 25 15 10 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 10 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 15 25 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 35 20 15 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 20 15 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 10 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 50 20 35 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 100 55 50 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 5 0 0 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 100 50 45 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 10 5 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 40 20 25 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 30 15 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,805 5,225 5,575 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 10,755 5,200 5,550 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 4,695 2,260 2,435 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 45 25 20 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 5,365 2,615 2,755 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 210 90 120 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 70 80 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 280 140 140 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 25 25 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 50 30 25 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 230 110 115 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 225 110 110 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 5 5 0 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 210 100 110 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 10 0 5 1,245 640 610
Turkish 200 95 100 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 105 55 55 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 5 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 100 50 50 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 22,170 10,775 11,385 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 5,760 2,885 2,870 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 2,925 1,410 1,510 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 10,270 4,875 5,390 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 3,215 1,605 1,610 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 410,965 199,275 211,695 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 328,855 158,465 170,390 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 32,715 16,700 16,015 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 22,445 10,990 11,455 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 20,055 9,710 10,345 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 15 0 10 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 20,045 9,705 10,340 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 3,350 1,675 1,675 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 2,200 1,070 1,125 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 1,230 605 625 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 115 60 55 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 340,195 163,980 176,215 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 328,255 158,400 169,855 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,596 40,473 31,239 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 328,315 158,410 169,905 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,441 35,125 28,177 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 294,900 145,365 149,535 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,710 38,356 27,383 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 248,765 111,155 137,610 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,104 5,016 8,258 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 236,905 121,170 115,735 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,731 37,567 30,154 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 340,195 163,980 176,215 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 328,020 158,165 169,855 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,809 56,526 39,691 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 328,075 158,170 169,905 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,202 43,897 32,899 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 294,545 144,720 149,825 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,105 55,989 36,559 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 248,385 110,825 137,560 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,463 7,560 9,191 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 236,905 120,680 116,225 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,222 54,090 38,053 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 340,195 163,980 176,215 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 106,115 57,500 48,615 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,599 56,569 46,987 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,360 74,468 54,589 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.5 90.5 81.3 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.6 72.7 65.7 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.5 9.5 18.7 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 340,195 163,980 176,215 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 11,940 5,575 6,365 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 328,255 158,405 169,850 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.6 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 40,215 18,195 22,020 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 55,925 22,255 33,670 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 45,630 19,155 26,475 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 40,400 18,625 21,775 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 36,955 17,535 19,425 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 27,920 13,975 13,940 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 20,315 10,915 9,395 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 16,315 9,020 7,295 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 11,290 6,445 4,845 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 7,790 4,830 2,965 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 25,505 17,455 8,040 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 16,635 10,970 5,665 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 8,865 6,485 2,380 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 340,195 163,975 176,215 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 11,880 5,570 6,305 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 328,315 158,405 169,910 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.6 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 42,415 18,575 23,845 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 58,560 23,610 34,945 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 55,420 23,975 31,450 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 53,190 25,215 27,975 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 40,740 20,355 20,390 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 27,255 14,790 12,465 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 18,305 10,390 7,920 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 10,770 6,590 4,180 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 21,655 14,910 6,745 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 6,640 4,285 2,355 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 4,105 2,780 1,330 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 10,910 7,850 3,065 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 340,195 163,980 176,215 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 103,290 42,810 60,480 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 236,905 121,170 115,735 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 69.6 73.9 65.7 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 31,755 16,375 15,385 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 17,920 8,095 9,825 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 32,320 14,575 17,745 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 26,815 12,185 14,630 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 26,310 12,265 14,045 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 23,010 11,200 11,815 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 18,280 9,355 8,925 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 14,095 7,625 6,465 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 12,550 6,900 5,650 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 33,845 22,595 11,250 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 8,330 5,070 3,260 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 5,920 3,780 2,135 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 19,600 13,745 5,855 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 175,735 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,932 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,401 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 55,365 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,993 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,342 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 120,370 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,929 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,909 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 175,735 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,238 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,317 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 55,345 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,026 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,719 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 120,395 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 109,561 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,222 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 175,735 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,780 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,085 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,560 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,190 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,585 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,565 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,720 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,360 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,380 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,310 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,620 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,785 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,340 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,730 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,130 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 51,600 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,320 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,530 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,945 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,805 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 175,735 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,965 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,140 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,600 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,575 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,585 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,150 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,190 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,560 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,190 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,110 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,385 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,745 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,385 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,765 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,930 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 34,455 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,005 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,150 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,300 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 116,450 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,598 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,330 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 44,775 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,620 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,192 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 48,815 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,904 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,160 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 19,890 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,606 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,426 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 116,410 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 110,524 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,805 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 44,840 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,441 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,496 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 48,860 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,876 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,316 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 19,825 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,796 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,750 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,200 30,450 35,755 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,548 36,710 32,780 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,567 31,840 29,512 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,275 30,215 36,055 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,486 44,813 40,536 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,874 36,131 33,821 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 406,365 197,765 208,595 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 208,895 98,600 110,300 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 31,970 15,420 16,550 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 38,290 16,940 21,350 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 45,775 21,545 24,230 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 47,255 22,505 24,750 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 45,610 22,185 23,430 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 197,465 99,165 98,295 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 44,185 21,845 22,335 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 42,765 21,310 21,450 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 39,745 20,065 19,675 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 35,905 18,215 17,685 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 34,880 17,720 17,155 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 406,360 197,765 208,600 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 78,875 40,160 38,715 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 26,480 13,555 12,925 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 255,200 125,175 130,030 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 72,285 32,425 39,855 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 49,740 22,660 27,075 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 10,655 5,510 5,150 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 3,685 1,900 1,775 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 29,070 13,795 15,275 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 10,010 3,355 6,655 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.2 11.5 13.0 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 13.5 13.7 13.3 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 14.0 13.7 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.0 11.7 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 13.8 10.3 16.7 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 39,190 18,265 20,930 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 7,895 4,075 3,815 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 2,720 1,410 1,310 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 24,680 12,100 12,580 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 6,620 2,085 4,530 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.6 9.2 10.0 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.0 10.1 9.9 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.3 10.4 10.1 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 9.2 6.4 11.4 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 406,360 197,765 208,600 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 400,470 195,405 205,070 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 244,705 126,780 117,925 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 383,025 186,620 196,405 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 107,655 51,905 55,750 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 40 25 15 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 15 15 10 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 10 10 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 10 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 10 10 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 10 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 107,625 51,895 55,735 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,895 8,930 7,965 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 1,610 810 800 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 1,030 505 525 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 595 305 285 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 35 20 15 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 0 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 40 20 15 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 15,985 8,480 7,510 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 45 15 25 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 15,645 8,290 7,355 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 275 165 105 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 50 25 25 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,730 1,785 1,945 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 640 285 350 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 3,100 1,510 1,590 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 1,330 515 815 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 60 20 45 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 35 10 25 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 75 25 50 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 335 160 180 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 70 30 35 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 10 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 885 305 580 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 8,745 4,075 4,665 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 395 170 225 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 7,850 3,670 4,185 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 565 275 295 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 420 210 215 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 25 15 10 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 75 35 40 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 310 155 155 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 50 25 20 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 58,880 28,250 30,625 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 155 75 80 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 520 235 285 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 6,275 2,955 3,325 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 110 40 70 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 10 0 0 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 105 40 60 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 6,195 2,930 3,270 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 20 10 10 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 10 10 0 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 860 435 430 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 255 120 135 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 150 80 70 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 25 10 10 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 1,100 475 630 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 3,440 1,700 1,740 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 170 105 65 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 70 20 55 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 85 50 35 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 100 125 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 630 250 380 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 35 20 15 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 10 0 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 2,940 1,550 1,390 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 35 15 25 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 10 10 10 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 235 140 95 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 2,550 1,350 1,195 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 10 0 0 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 100 50 55 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 30 40 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 20 15 10 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 2,550 1,325 1,230 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 8,560 4,355 4,200 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 4,035 2,005 2,035 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 685 365 320 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 450 220 230 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 1,205 575 635 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 10 0 10 905 490 420
Konkani 25 10 15 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 65 25 35 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 10 0 0 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 905 460 440 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 85 55 30 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 75 30 45 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 1,595 815 775 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 4,875 2,520 2,355 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 45 20 20 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 260 145 115 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 4,730 2,445 2,285 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 40,055 18,870 21,185 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 30 15 15 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 5,435 2,665 2,765 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 4,045 1,980 2,065 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 4,175 2,050 2,125 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 28,600 13,275 15,325 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 500 260 240 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 580 220 355 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 20 10 15 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 3,480 1,640 1,840 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 145 60 85 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 10 0 10 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 100 55 50 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 220 105 115 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 10 0 10 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 10 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 0 0 0 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 500 220 285 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 210 100 110 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 170 65 110 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 20 0 20 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 395 160 240 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 730 385 345 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 40 15 25 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,390 690 700 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 15 10 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 360 125 235 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 40 20 25 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 230 65 170 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,410 6,715 7,700 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 14,375 6,695 7,680 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 7,130 3,335 3,790 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 115 40 75 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 8,455 3,810 4,640 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 525 240 280 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 215 80 135 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 545 265 285 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 20 20 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 25 15 10 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 845 420 430 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 750 385 365 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 195 65 130 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 525 255 270 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 495 235 250 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 15 10 10 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 395 195 200 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 0 0 10 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 30 15 15 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 365 185 185 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 175 105 65 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 406,365 197,765 208,600 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 383,350 186,680 196,665 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 74,325 37,945 36,375 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 309,020 148,730 160,290 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 23,015 11,085 11,930 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 406,365 197,765 208,595 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 321,105 156,190 164,910 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 82,290 40,145 42,145 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 17,075 8,650 8,425 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 9,615 4,845 4,770 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 14,420 6,900 7,520 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 25,840 12,465 13,375 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 11,855 5,730 6,120 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 13,985 6,730 7,255 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 15,340 7,290 8,055 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,970 1,430 1,545 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 82,290 40,145 42,140 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 8,190 4,080 4,110 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 13,660 7,170 6,490 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 15,460 6,915 8,550 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 39,310 19,280 20,030 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 5,660 2,705 2,965 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 82,290 40,145 42,145 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 19,060 8,765 10,300 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 630 295 340 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 3,250 1,405 1,850 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 425 235 195 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 250 125 125 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 5,060 2,240 2,820 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 205 105 100 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 1,175 485 690 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 1,740 770 975 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 440 230 205 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,255 625 630 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 4,630 2,260 2,370 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 19,550 9,980 9,570 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50 25 30 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 140 70 65 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 5,480 3,005 2,470 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 630 310 325 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 1,035 535 495 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 190 100 90 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 35 20 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 1,080 595 480 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 85 45 40 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 620 245 375 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 1,335 700 635 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 2,980 1,435 1,545 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 875 380 495 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 95 40 50 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 660 285 375 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 880 450 430 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 3,360 1,705 1,655 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 19,140 9,865 9,280 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 3,540 1,830 1,715 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 1,685 875 810 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 40 15 25 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 80 45 40 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 4,495 2,405 2,090 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 30 10 20 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 15 10 10 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 50 25 25 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 9,210 4,650 4,560 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 24,450 11,500 12,950 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 2,330 1,180 1,145 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 395 190 200 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,480 3,220 4,260 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,465 735 730 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 1,185 620 565 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 950 495 450 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 270 145 115 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 140 35 105 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 405 180 230 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 1,475 790 685 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 935 460 470 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 865 315 550 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 220 105 120 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 385 175 210 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 540 230 305 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 2,450 1,150 1,300 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 2,965 1,470 1,495 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 85 40 45 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,345 7,285 8,055 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 3,940 1,870 2,070 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 200 105 95 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 1,165 515 645 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 220 115 105 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 855 385 470 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 10 0 10 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 315 150 165 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 195 100 100 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 345 185 160 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 635 315 320 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 2,330 1,145 1,190 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 915 500 415 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 45 25 20 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 205 85 120