Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montréal, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal,
Quebec
[Census division]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Montréal, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec  Map : Montréal, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,942,044 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,886,481 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 939,112 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 870,373 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,889.8 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 499.26 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,942,045 944,490 997,560 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 304,470 155,320 149,155 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 109,740 56,060 53,680 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 104,385 53,250 51,130 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 90,350 46,010 44,340 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 1,313,915 653,520 660,395 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 97,835 49,365 48,465 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 139,720 69,190 70,530 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 153,505 75,655 77,850 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 152,195 74,675 77,520 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 147,480 73,440 74,040 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 128,970 65,105 63,860 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 125,505 63,790 61,715 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 131,865 67,065 64,800 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 127,010 62,680 64,330 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 109,825 52,545 57,285 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 323,660 135,650 188,010 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 95,180 44,325 50,855 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 72,390 31,985 40,410 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 57,290 24,010 33,275 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 46,700 18,670 28,030 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 52,100 16,660 35,445 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 32,310 11,365 20,945 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 15,195 4,360 10,835 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 3,950 830 3,120 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 650 100 540 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.7 16.4 15.0 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 67.7 69.2 66.2 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 16.7 14.4 18.8 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.7 1.8 3.6 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.8 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.1 38.2 40.1 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 870,375 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 99,485 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 126,600 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 643,860 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 32,185 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 33,500 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 108,890 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 465,920 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,370 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 425 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 870,370 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 342,510 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 259,295 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 118,645 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 97,490 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 52,435 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,895,000 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,637,575 789,170 848,405 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 799,705 402,505 397,195 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 579,130 290,175 288,960 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 220,575 112,335 108,240 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 837,870 386,665 451,205 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 585,780 308,260 277,520 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 33,630 14,010 19,620 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 127,000 46,890 80,110 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 91,460 17,505 73,960 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 485,285 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 241,425 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 109,090 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 93,220 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 41,555 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 485,285 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 385,585 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 275,400 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 110,185 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 99,700 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 81,190 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 18,505 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 385,585 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 178,105 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 207,475 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 82,305 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 85,985 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 39,185 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 99,700 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 63,310 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 26,780 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 9,610 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 488,715 238,040 250,675 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 870,375 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 469,260 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 172,615 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 296,640 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,855 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 393,260 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 342,505 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 50,750 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,914,760 933,260 981,495 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 220,425 109,555 110,870 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 517,445 230,460 286,990 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 1,131,680 575,450 556,225 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 45,210 17,800 27,405 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,914,755 933,260 981,500 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 543,485 270,085 273,400 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 1,164,335 562,200 602,135 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 163,025 83,800 79,230 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 43,910 17,175 26,735 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 625,000 311,985 313,015 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 32.6 33.4 31.9 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,914,760 933,265 981,495 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 1,823,085 887,650 935,430 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 1,195,590 584,190 611,405 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 307,080 153,045 154,040 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 888,515 431,145 457,365 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 627,490 303,465 324,025 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 580 205 380 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 310 120 190 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 275 100 175 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 25 5 20 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 40 10 30 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 15 10 10 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 50 25 30 315 125 190
Plains Cree 5 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 5 5 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 130 50 85 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 5 10 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 15 5 10 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 15 10 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 15 10 5 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 10 5 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 210 60 150 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 170 45 130 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 30 15 10 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 5 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 626,905 303,255 323,655 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 122,040 64,460 57,575 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 13,915 7,405 6,515 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 8,560 4,560 3,995 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5,360 2,840 2,515 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 695 330 360 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 15 5 10 805 455 350
Oromo 5 5 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 660 310 355 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 107,255 56,630 50,625 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 585 275 310 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 102,805 54,340 48,465 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 25 25 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 5 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 3,435 1,800 1,635 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 10 5 5 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 305 145 160 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 24,425 11,465 12,960 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,980 2,315 2,660 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 19,435 9,145 10,290 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 17,455 6,340 11,115 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 100 35 65 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 650 230 425 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 370 120 255 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 1,910 695 1,210 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 445 200 250 1,430 665 760
Malay 455 185 270 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 180 80 95 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 80 35 45 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 12,980 4,650 8,330 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 40 5 35 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 240 100 140 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 36,850 16,270 20,580 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 1,320 630 685 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 35,015 15,370 19,650 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 510 265 245 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 11,900 5,990 5,915 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 200 105 95 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 335 185 150 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 10,860 5,395 5,470 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 495 300 190 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 328,955 158,575 170,380 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 1,735 880 855 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 7,455 3,530 3,925 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 41,965 18,705 23,260 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 570 200 365 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 200 75 125 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 370 125 240 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 41,395 18,505 22,895 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 50 30 20 810 385 430
Bosnian 290 140 150 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 4,300 2,060 2,245 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 1,195 590 605 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 830 380 445 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 100 50 55 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 8,875 3,815 5,060 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 18,990 8,425 10,565 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,490 725 765 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 480 215 265 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 640 265 380 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 405 185 225 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 3,680 1,590 2,085 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 60 35 25 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 15 5 10 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 10 530 295 235
Germanic languages 15,160 7,225 7,935 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 70 35 35 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 205 90 115 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 1,175 590 585 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 5 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 6,075 2,695 3,380 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 55 25 25 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 115 60 50 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 335 150 185 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 140 50 95 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 6,925 3,495 3,430 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 525 280 240
Greek 20,075 9,905 10,180 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 52,615 27,185 25,430 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 34,700 18,190 16,515 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 9,620 4,915 4,710 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 5,120 2,515 2,600 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 2,320 1,265 1,060 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 15 15 0 565 300 265
Konkani 85 50 35 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 195 120 80 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 160 85 80 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 25 20 10 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,930 4,950 3,980 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 260 125 135 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 445 210 235 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 7,520 3,925 3,595 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 17,675 8,860 8,815 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 580 305 275 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 905 480 425 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 16,185 8,070 8,110 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 235 135 100 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 189,890 91,115 98,770 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 215 105 110 865 440 425
Italian 74,490 35,605 38,880 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 18,525 8,890 9,640 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 18,370 8,715 9,650 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 78,220 37,760 40,460 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 40 35 720 380 340
Japanese 1,705 545 1,165 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 140 70 75 1,715 910 805
Georgian 140 65 75 1,715 910 805
Korean 4,155 1,865 2,290 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 155 65 90 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 155 65 90 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 13,995 7,115 6,880 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 790 390 400 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 695 395 305 1,535 815 720
Edo 60 35 20 1,670 770 900
Ewe 330 180 145 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,185 615 570 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 55 25 30 920 445 470
Ganda 10 5 5 1,295 625 665
Igbo 80 45 35 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 1,520 695 825 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,185 570 620 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,025 460 565 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 55 30 25 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 895 425 470 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 1,720 935 785 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 165 95 65 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,220 2,195 2,025 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 70 50 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 5 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 415 220 195 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 35 20 15 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 185 90 95 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 110 85 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 52,755 24,555 28,200 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 52,615 24,480 28,130 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 15,850 7,470 8,385 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 300 130 165 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 30,720 14,205 16,515 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 20 10 10 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,400 1,100 1,300 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 750 325 425 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,505 1,200 1,305 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 140 75 70 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 45 15 30 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 35 20 15 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 1,845 830 1,020 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 1,495 740 755 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 350 90 260 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 80 35 55
Turkic languages 5,555 2,835 2,720 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 205 115 90 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 4,935 2,520 2,410 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 140 75 75 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 120 60 60 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 150 65 85 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 4,020 1,775 2,245 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 150 60 90 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 220 70 150 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 3,650 1,650 2,005 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 395 210 180 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 91,675 45,610 46,070 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 25,185 12,820 12,370 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 18,760 9,105 9,655 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 37,330 18,385 18,945 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 10,410 5,305 5,100 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,914,760 933,260 981,495 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 1,740,120 848,190 891,920 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 1,390,200 681,120 709,085 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 437,070 216,650 220,420 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 953,130 464,465 488,665 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 349,915 167,075 182,835 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 230 100 130 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 135 60 75 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 130 60 70 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 5 5 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 15 5 15 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 5 5 5 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 65 30 35 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 5 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 70 25 45 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 60 20 40 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 10 10 5 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 349,685 166,975 182,705 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 58,305 29,780 28,525 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 5,315 2,790 2,525 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 3,640 1,920 1,720 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,675 875 800 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 335 145 195 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 5 0 5 620 330 285
Oromo 5 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 325 135 185 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 52,600 26,815 25,780 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 290 130 155 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 50,575 25,800 24,770 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 5 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 1,500 775 730 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 180 85 95 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,930 8,340 9,585 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,120 1,425 1,695 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 14,805 6,915 7,890 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 8,615 3,420 5,190 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 10 5 5 290 140 155
Cebuano 210 90 115 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 115 50 65 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 695 285 410 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 135 70 65 435 220 210
Malay 130 70 65 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30 25 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 15 5 5 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,195 2,795 4,400 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 10 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 14,360 6,180 8,180 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 570 260 305 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 13,580 5,825 7,755 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 210 95 115 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 9,265 4,605 4,665 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 120 70 55 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 155 75 80 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 8,700 4,290 4,415 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 280 165 115 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 15 10 5 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 185,570 88,155 97,420 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 990 485 505 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 5,185 2,375 2,810 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 25,165 11,655 13,510 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 135 55 85 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 55 30 30 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 80 30 55 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 25,025 11,605 13,430 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 15 10 10 230 105 120
Bosnian 165 75 90 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 3,115 1,500 1,610 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 520 240 280 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 245 115 135 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 60 30 30 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 3,985 1,770 2,210 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 13,830 6,450 7,385 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 870 430 445 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 200 90 110 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 135 65 75 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 130 55 80 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 1,725 765 955 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 10 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 6,165 3,130 3,035 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 10 5 5 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 25 15 10 855 410 445
Dutch 190 90 95 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 1,075 485 595 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 30 15 20 270 120 150
Norwegian 10 10 5 345 145 200
Swedish 75 35 35 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 355 170 185
Yiddish 4,730 2,475 2,250 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,625 820 810
Greek 10,425 4,915 5,515 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 37,260 18,705 18,555 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 24,025 12,260 11,765 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 7,295 3,620 3,670 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 3,290 1,600 1,685 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 1,160 600 560 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 30 15 15 720 355 370
Marathi 65 35 30 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 105 50 55 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,380 3,460 2,925 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 95 45 50 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 250 120 125 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 5,350 2,715 2,635 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 13,120 6,385 6,740 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 300 150 145 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 675 335 335 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 12,150 5,900 6,255 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 60 50 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 100,365 46,870 53,495 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 85 40 45 355 165 190
Italian 27,910 12,205 15,705 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 9,655 4,555 5,100 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 12,610 6,115 6,500 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 50,085 23,950 26,140 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 180 85 95
Japanese 735 310 430 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 65 35 30 1,040 565 475
Georgian 60 30 35 1,035 565 475
Korean 2,950 1,355 1,595 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 125 60 65 910 440 470
Mongolian 120 60 65 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 3,535 1,725 1,805 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 370 180 190 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 180 100 80 340 180 160
Edo 10 0 5 415 175 240
Ewe 75 30 45 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 355 175 180 825 400 425
Ga 10 5 5 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 10 0 5 1,000 485 510
Lingala 375 155 220 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 360 170 195 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 270 115 155 1,530 670 865
Shona 20 10 10 1,035 475 560
Swahili 275 145 130 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 535 300 240 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 40 15 20 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 645 325 320 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 585 345 245 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 45 20 25 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 245 130 125 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 290 195 95 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 41,620 19,770 21,845 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 41,560 19,745 21,820 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 11,620 5,465 6,160 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 105 50 55 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 26,080 12,475 13,605 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,410 645 770 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 580 265 315 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,730 830 905 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 30 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 20 10 10 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 15 5 5 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 930 455 475 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 810 405 405 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 120 50 75 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 3,620 1,800 1,820 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 65 35 35 1,245 640 610
Turkish 3,315 1,645 1,665 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 100 55 45 610 315 290
Uzbek 90 45 50 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 455 230 225
Uralic languages 1,335 565 775 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 25 10 15 975 365 610
Finnish 35 15 20 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 1,280 535 735 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 55 35 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 174,640 85,065 89,575 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 34,135 17,340 16,800 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 38,285 18,350 19,930 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 77,415 36,940 40,475 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 24,805 12,435 12,365 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,914,760 933,260 981,495 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 1,358,395 658,445 699,950 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 164,875 83,085 81,790 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 156,830 77,375 79,450 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 183,265 88,830 94,430 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 280 100 180 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 182,980 88,730 94,250 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 21,910 11,010 10,900 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 13,995 6,950 7,045 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 14,580 7,085 7,495 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 905 470 435 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,591,005 770,805 820,205 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,527,425 741,020 786,410 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,198 31,716 27,061 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,527,625 741,070 786,560 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,873 28,718 25,306 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,319,250 651,485 667,770 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,843 31,722 24,323 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,220,350 562,060 658,295 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,964 2,979 7,393 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,076,775 552,940 523,830 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,102 31,811 26,411 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,590,985 770,725 820,255 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,526,955 740,630 786,320 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,670 50,317 37,410 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,527,150 740,680 786,470 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,155 39,256 31,292 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,318,335 651,120 667,220 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,430 51,690 35,370 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,220,065 561,415 658,650 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,727 6,430 8,832 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,076,765 553,085 523,680 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,754 49,167 35,982 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,590,980 770,730 820,255 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 451,850 249,200 202,655 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,182 50,049 44,352 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,105 69,189 53,395 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.8 90.2 80.3 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.1 73.0 64.1 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.2 9.8 19.7 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,591,005 770,800 820,205 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 63,580 29,780 33,800 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 1,527,425 741,020 786,405 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 239,230 118,900 120,330 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 304,770 130,870 173,895 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 235,475 104,545 130,935 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 186,815 89,430 97,390 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 152,610 72,485 80,125 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 107,705 52,510 55,195 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 75,560 38,430 37,130 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 57,765 30,275 27,490 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 40,455 22,220 18,230 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 27,515 16,235 11,280 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 99,530 65,125 34,410 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 59,525 37,210 22,315 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 40,005 27,915 12,090 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,591,010 770,800 820,205 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 63,375 29,730 33,650 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 1,527,630 741,070 786,560 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 244,915 120,610 124,305 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 317,790 137,530 180,260 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 280,350 127,895 152,455 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 233,885 112,565 121,315 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 161,415 77,850 83,565 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 100,755 51,380 49,375 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 64,225 34,415 29,810 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 37,685 21,995 15,695 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 86,605 56,830 29,775 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 23,470 14,370 9,100 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 15,190 9,590 5,605 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 47,945 32,870 15,070 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,591,005 770,800 820,205 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 514,235 217,860 296,375 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 1,076,770 552,940 523,830 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 67.7 71.7 63.9 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 149,120 72,790 76,330 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 93,250 43,420 49,830 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 167,710 80,255 87,455 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 139,770 68,060 71,710 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 124,895 62,855 62,045 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 100,740 50,140 50,605 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 74,565 38,930 35,640 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 55,000 29,590 25,405 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 45,820 24,710 21,105 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 125,895 82,190 43,705 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 30,005 17,920 12,080 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 20,740 13,030 7,710 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 75,150 51,240 23,915 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 870,370 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 52,519 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 46,559 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 342,510 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,642 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,860 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 527,865 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,245 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 62,917 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 870,370 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,614 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,682 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 342,495 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,473 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,940 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 527,885 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,413 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,682 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 870,375 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 24,465 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 21,890 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 38,235 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 53,475 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 50,070 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,750 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 45,720 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 47,060 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,110 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 42,660 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 77,510 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 63,470 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 52,580 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 43,035 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 35,265 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 184,085 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 62,300 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 39,105 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 40,015 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 42,665 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 870,370 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 25,565 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 22,120 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 38,565 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 56,115 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 56,305 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 52,835 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 57,450 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 57,290 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 53,145 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 49,970 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 85,660 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 67,270 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 52,000 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 41,020 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,890 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 123,165 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 52,170 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 27,430 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 43,565 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 489,520 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,845 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 64,039 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 169,175 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,408 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,304 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 208,095 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,649 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 79,750 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 95,475 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,168 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,426 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 489,420 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,221 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,540 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 168,840 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,556 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,271 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 208,250 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,472 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,758 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 95,425 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,918 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,129 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 443,405 218,395 225,010 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,024 26,960 27,071 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,186 24,951 25,373 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 442,760 217,830 224,930 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,613 38,298 36,950 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,122 31,265 30,983 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,894,995 925,870 969,130 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,202,765 579,085 623,680 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 287,610 143,600 144,005 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 252,935 116,590 136,340 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 255,250 122,140 133,110 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 221,160 106,575 114,585 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 185,815 90,175 95,640 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 692,230 346,780 345,450 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 160,105 78,680 81,425 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 143,930 71,540 72,390 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 132,120 66,215 65,905 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 119,890 60,885 59,005 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 136,185 69,465 66,725 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,894,995 925,865 969,135 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 358,105 182,640 175,460 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 130,840 66,865 63,970 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 1,247,980 617,995 629,985 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 288,910 125,230 163,680 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 403,880 193,540 210,345 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 81,100 41,415 39,685 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 29,655 15,075 14,580 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 262,435 129,925 132,505 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 60,350 22,195 38,150 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 21.3 20.9 21.7 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 22.6 22.7 22.6 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.7 22.5 22.8 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 21.0 21.0 21.0 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 20.9 17.7 23.3 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 339,685 166,970 172,710 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 61,200 31,295 29,910 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 22,345 11,355 10,985 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 236,690 120,520 116,175 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 41,790 15,160 26,630 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.9 18.0 17.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 17.1 17.1 17.0 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.0 17.2 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 19.0 19.5 18.4 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.1 16.3 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,894,995 925,815 969,180 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 1,850,005 908,350 941,655 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 1,342,265 680,010 662,255 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 1,631,820 799,640 832,180 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 900,345 433,465 466,885 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 755 340 415 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 330 185 145 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 265 130 130 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 10 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 55 25 30 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 70 40 25 545 225 320
Plains Cree 10 10 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 10 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 120 45 75 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 25 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 30 20 10 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 20 10 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 20 10 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 10 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 370 120 250 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 335 110 220 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 15 30 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 45 35 10 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 35 35 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 10 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 899,645 433,150 466,495 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 188,110 98,615 89,495 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 18,525 9,830 8,695 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 11,195 5,980 5,210 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 7,440 3,905 3,535 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 1,045 510 540 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 35 20 15 1,085 625 470
Oromo 25 20 10 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 975 460 515 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 178,735 93,595 85,140 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 820 405 415 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 162,300 85,065 77,240 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 70 35 40 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 10 10 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 16,165 8,435 7,730 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 10 10 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 255 125 130 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80 55 25 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 435 220 215 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 30,725 14,715 16,010 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 6,335 3,050 3,285 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 24,615 11,780 12,835 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 25,320 9,560 15,760 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 105 45 55 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 715 260 455 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 10 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 445 160 290 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 2,270 825 1,440 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 835 405 435 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 715 290 425 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 165 80 85 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 50 15 30 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 22,770 8,440 14,335 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 40 10 30 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 320 150 175 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 70,350 31,455 38,895 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 2,895 1,370 1,525 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 66,340 29,580 36,765 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,485 705 780 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 14,890 7,650 7,240 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 365 180 180 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 395 225 170 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 13,650 6,960 6,695 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 835 485 345 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 15 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 490,850 234,270 256,580 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 2,065 1,045 1,025 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 9,210 4,370 4,840 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 53,575 24,605 28,970 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 715 330 385 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 240 110 135 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 475 225 255 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 52,990 24,340 28,645 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 190 80 110 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 330 150 180 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 4,430 2,115 2,310 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 1,795 855 940 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 1,275 575 700 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 140 55 80 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 11,085 4,910 6,170 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 30,185 14,095 16,090 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 1,935 890 1,050 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 635 275 360 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 850 395 450 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 570 270 305 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 6,175 2,680 3,495 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 55 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 280 175 105 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 85 55 30 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 45 20 20 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 160 100 55 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 34,400 16,995 17,405 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 230 165 70 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 450 210 240 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 2,350 1,225 1,120 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 10 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 21,045 10,415 10,630 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 95 65 30 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 300 135 165 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 920 410 510 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 250 70 185 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 9,880 4,910 4,965 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 26,310 12,845 13,465 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 64,655 33,330 31,320 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 43,825 22,985 20,840 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 11,090 5,680 5,410 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 6,565 3,235 3,330 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 11,865 6,415 5,450 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 35 30 10 905 490 420
Konkani 115 55 60 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 375 195 180 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 135 75 60 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 15 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,800 7,135 5,665 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 350 160 195 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 925 440 485 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 11,255 5,930 5,315 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 21,235 10,575 10,660 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 675 340 335 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 1,140 615 525 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 19,650 9,770 9,880 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 450 260 190 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 320,755 150,495 170,260 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 550 330 220 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 114,505 54,380 60,120 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 27,360 13,775 13,585 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 22,115 10,440 11,675 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 176,745 81,465 95,285 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 230 145 85 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 4,275 1,930 2,345 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 190 90 100 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 195 90 95 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 4,930 2,315 2,620 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 205 110 95 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 205 105 100 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 26,800 13,565 13,240 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 1,350 710 640 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 1,305 685 620 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 145 60 80 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 730 490 240 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,090 1,115 980 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 170 100 75 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 30 10 25 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 180 115 60 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 5,470 2,455 3,015 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,510 715 790 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,420 680 745 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 105 55 50 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 2,985 1,500 1,490 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 3,295 1,800 1,495 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 590 330 260 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 8,970 4,620 4,345 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 205 125 75 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 205 130 75 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 2,135 890 1,245 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 300 125 180 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 1,160 435 730 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 760 370 390 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 61,480 28,975 32,505 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 61,355 28,905 32,450 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 20,895 9,735 11,155 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 385 170 210 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 40,720 18,965 21,755 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 15 10 10 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,990 1,310 1,675 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 925 420 505 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,410 1,665 1,745 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75 35 45 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 95 65 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 70 40 30 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 30 25 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 2,785 1,315 1,475 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 2,100 1,035 1,060 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 970 400 570 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 8,200 4,105 4,100 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 400 220 175 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 7,400 3,705 3,695 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 175 85 90 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 185 80 110 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 175 85 85 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 4,905 2,205 2,705 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 105 45 60 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 270 100 170 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 4,525 2,060 2,470 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,070 590 485 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,895,000 925,815 969,185 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,648,430 803,195 845,235 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 322,920 164,560 158,370 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,325,505 638,635 686,870 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 246,565 122,620 123,945 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,894,995 925,815 969,185 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,187,260 582,140 605,120 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 644,680 310,250 334,430 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 141,755 66,725 75,035 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 74,335 36,560 37,775 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 108,760 51,330 57,430 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 181,195 87,585 93,610 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 74,840 36,150 38,695 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 106,360 51,435 54,920 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 138,635 68,055 70,585 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 63,060 33,425 29,630 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 644,685 310,250 334,430 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 58,110 28,910 29,200 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 97,545 48,375 49,175 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 128,855 58,300 70,560 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 314,350 153,930 160,420 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 45,815 20,740 25,075 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 644,685 310,250 334,435 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 140,935 64,340 76,600 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 3,960 1,865 2,090 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 9,135 4,295 4,835 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 6,965 3,470 3,500 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 1,825 765 1,060 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 50,160 21,900 28,255 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 3,555 1,525 2,035 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 9,155 4,205 4,955 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 7,400 3,280 4,115 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 2,895 1,305 1,595 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 12,335 6,325 6,005 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 33,555 15,400 18,160 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 172,245 82,670 89,580 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 735 370 365 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 1,075 540 540 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 38,165 20,010 18,155 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 4,240 1,780 2,455 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 10,320 4,995 5,320 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 2,270 1,025 1,240 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 490 270 220 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 39,105 18,405 20,700 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 915 490 420 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 6,930 2,955 3,975 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 9,480 4,385 5,100 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 14,250 6,555 7,695 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 7,480 3,245 4,235 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,040 465 575 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 5,750 2,490 3,260 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,105 3,680 3,420 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 22,890 10,990 11,900 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 143,550 74,055 69,495 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 40,140 20,915 19,220 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 12,710 6,535 6,170 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 735 370 370 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 425 205 220 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 37,365 19,155 18,205 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 910 495 415 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 440 205 230 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 505 275 230 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 50,335 25,885 24,450 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 187,130 88,725 98,400 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 1,490 735 755 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 6,865 3,440 3,425 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 30,715 13,440 17,275 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,800 1,335 1,460 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 13,340 6,920 6,425 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 14,160 6,970 7,190 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 1,980 1,035 945 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 1,150 300 855 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,800 1,265 1,535 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 20,015 10,680 9,335 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 6,725 3,550 3,180 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 20,535 7,730 12,805 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 8,315 4,135 4,180 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10,080 5,050 5,025 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 1,660 675 985 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 17,845 8,295 9,550 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 26,650 13,175 13,470 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 825 460 360 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 138,635 68,050 70,585 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 29,030 13,815 15,215 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 1,730 870 860 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 3,180 1,535 1,645 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 1,265 650 615 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 11,775 5,370 6,405 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 125 90 35 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 2,595 1,215 1,380 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,510 1,415 1,095 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,125 540 585 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 4,720 2,130 2,595 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 24,950 12,790 12,155 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 12,465 6,725 5,735 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 325 155 175 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 60 20 5,660 3,540