Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montréal, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal,
Quebec
[Census division]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Montréal, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec  Map : Montréal, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,942,044 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,886,481 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.9 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 939,112 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 870,373 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,889.8 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 499.26 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,942,045 944,490 997,560 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 304,470 155,320 149,155 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 109,740 56,060 53,680 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 104,385 53,250 51,130 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 90,350 46,010 44,340 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 1,313,915 653,520 660,395 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 97,835 49,365 48,465 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 139,720 69,190 70,530 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 153,505 75,655 77,850 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 152,195 74,675 77,520 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 147,480 73,440 74,040 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 128,970 65,105 63,860 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 125,505 63,790 61,715 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 131,865 67,065 64,800 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 127,010 62,680 64,330 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 109,825 52,545 57,285 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 323,660 135,650 188,010 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 95,180 44,325 50,855 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 72,390 31,985 40,410 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 57,290 24,010 33,275 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 46,700 18,670 28,030 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 52,100 16,660 35,445 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 32,310 11,365 20,945 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 15,195 4,360 10,835 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 3,950 830 3,120 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 650 100 540 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.7 16.4 15.0 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 67.7 69.2 66.2 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 16.7 14.4 18.8 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.7 1.8 3.6 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.8 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 39.1 38.2 40.1 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 870,375 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 99,485 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 126,600 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 643,860 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 32,185 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 33,500 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 108,890 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 465,920 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,370 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 425 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 870,370 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 342,510 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 259,295 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 118,645 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 97,490 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 52,435 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,895,000 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,637,575 789,170 848,405 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 799,705 402,505 397,195 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 579,130 290,175 288,960 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 220,575 112,335 108,240 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 837,870 386,665 451,205 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 585,780 308,260 277,520 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 33,630 14,010 19,620 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 127,000 46,890 80,110 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 91,460 17,505 73,960 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 485,285 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 241,425 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 109,090 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 93,220 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 41,555 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 485,285 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 385,585 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 275,400 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 110,185 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 99,700 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 81,190 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 18,505 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 385,585 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 178,105 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 207,475 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 82,305 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 85,985 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 39,185 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 99,700 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 63,310 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 26,780 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 9,610 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 488,715 238,040 250,675 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 870,375 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 469,260 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 172,615 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 296,640 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,855 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 393,260 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 342,505 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 50,750 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,914,760 933,260 981,495 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 220,425 109,555 110,870 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 517,445 230,460 286,990 1,485 680 800
English and French 1,131,680 575,450 556,225 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 45,210 17,800 27,405 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,914,755 933,260 981,500 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 543,485 270,085 273,400 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 1,164,335 562,200 602,135 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 163,025 83,800 79,230 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 43,910 17,175 26,735 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 625,000 311,985 313,015 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 32.6 33.4 31.9 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,914,760 933,265 981,495 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 1,823,085 887,650 935,430 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 1,195,590 584,190 611,405 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 307,080 153,045 154,040 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 888,515 431,145 457,365 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 627,490 303,465 324,025 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 580 205 380 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 310 120 190 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 275 100 175 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 25 5 20 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 40 10 30 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 15 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 50 25 30 30 5 20
Plains Cree 5 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 130 50 85 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 5 10 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 15 5 10 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 15 10 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 15 10 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 210 60 150 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 170 45 130 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 30 15 10 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 5 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 626,905 303,255 323,655 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 122,040 64,460 57,575 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 13,915 7,405 6,515 40 25 15
Kabyle 8,560 4,560 3,995 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5,360 2,840 2,515 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 695 330 360 1,750 875 875
Bilen 15 5 10 155 85 70
Oromo 5 5 0 345 175 170
Somali 660 310 355 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 10 10 0
Semitic languages 107,255 56,630 50,625 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 585 275 310 1,770 885 885
Arabic 102,805 54,340 48,465 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 25 25 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,435 1,800 1,635 545 320 225
Maltese 10 5 5 40 20 25
Tigrigna 305 145 160 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 24,425 11,465 12,960 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,980 2,315 2,660 280 135 145
Vietnamese 19,435 9,145 10,290 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 17,455 6,340 11,115 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 100 35 65 175 80 95
Cebuano 650 230 425 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 370 120 255 390 170 220
Ilocano 1,910 695 1,210 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 445 200 250 0 0 5
Malay 455 185 270 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 180 80 95 655 315 340
Pangasinan 80 35 45 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 12,980 4,650 8,330 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 40 5 35 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 240 100 140 150 70 85
Creole languages 36,850 16,270 20,580 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 1,320 630 685 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 35,015 15,370 19,650 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 510 265 245 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 11,900 5,990 5,915 1,565 825 735
Kannada 200 105 95 95 50 40
Malayalam 335 185 150 790 410 380
Tamil 10,860 5,395 5,470 480 255 230
Telugu 495 300 190 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 328,955 158,575 170,380 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 1,735 880 855 350 170 180
Armenian 7,455 3,530 3,925 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 41,965 18,705 23,260 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 570 200 365 165 65 95
Latvian 200 75 125 80 35 45
Lithuanian 370 125 240 85 35 45
Slavic languages 41,395 18,505 22,895 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 50 30 20 40 20 25
Bosnian 290 140 150 575 285 290
Bulgarian 4,300 2,060 2,245 140 70 65
Croatian 1,195 590 605 1,030 505 530
Czech 830 380 445 615 310 310
Macedonian 100 50 55 145 70 75
Polish 8,875 3,815 5,060 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 18,990 8,425 10,565 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 1,490 725 765 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 480 215 265 240 110 130
Slovak 640 265 380 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 405 185 225 270 130 140
Ukrainian 3,680 1,590 2,085 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 75 40 30
Celtic languages 60 35 25 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 50 25 20
Welsh 15 5 10 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 10 10 10 0
Germanic languages 15,160 7,225 7,935 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 70 35 35 420 220 205
Danish 205 90 115 280 145 135
Dutch 1,175 590 585 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 5 0 0 55 30 25
German 6,075 2,695 3,380 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 55 25 25 475 210 260
Norwegian 115 60 50 115 45 65
Swedish 335 150 185 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 140 50 95 310 125 180
Yiddish 6,925 3,495 3,430 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 25 10 10
Greek 20,075 9,905 10,180 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 52,615 27,185 25,430 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 34,700 18,190 16,515 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 9,620 4,915 4,710 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 5,120 2,515 2,600 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 2,320 1,265 1,060 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 15 15 0 5 5 5
Konkani 85 50 35 35 20 15
Marathi 195 120 80 135 80 50
Nepali 160 85 80 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 25 20 10 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,930 4,950 3,980 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 260 125 135 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 445 210 235 670 345 320
Urdu 7,520 3,925 3,595 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 17,675 8,860 8,815 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 580 305 275 415 210 200
Pashto 905 480 425 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 16,185 8,070 8,110 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 235 135 100 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 189,890 91,115 98,770 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 215 105 110 0 0 5
Italian 74,490 35,605 38,880 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 18,525 8,890 9,640 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 18,370 8,715 9,650 645 310 335
Spanish 78,220 37,760 40,460 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 40 35 15 5 10
Japanese 1,705 545 1,165 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 140 70 75 15 10 10
Georgian 140 65 75 15 5 5
Korean 4,155 1,865 2,290 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 155 65 90 20 5 15
Mongolian 155 65 90 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 13,995 7,115 6,880 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 790 390 400 150 90 65
Bamanankan 695 395 305 75 25 45
Edo 60 35 20 40 20 15
Ewe 330 180 145 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,185 615 570 65 35 30
Ga 55 25 30 15 10 5
Ganda 10 5 5 50 20 30
Igbo 80 45 35 280 155 130
Lingala 1,520 695 825 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,185 570 620 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,025 460 565 250 125 120
Shona 55 30 25 110 50 60
Swahili 895 425 470 870 420 455
Wolof 1,720 935 785 75 50 25
Yoruba 165 95 65 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,220 2,195 2,025 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 70 50 395 215 180
Dinka 0 5 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 225 125 100
Sign languages 415 220 195 440 230 210
American Sign Language 35 20 15 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 185 90 95 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 110 85 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 52,755 24,555 28,200 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 52,615 24,480 28,130 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 15,850 7,470 8,385 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 300 130 165 55 30 25
Mandarin 30,720 14,205 16,515 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 20 10 10 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,400 1,100 1,300 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 750 325 425 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,505 1,200 1,305 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 140 75 70 575 295 285
Burmese 45 15 30 85 50 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 35 20 15 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 1,845 830 1,020 1,120 525 595
Lao 1,495 740 755 875 445 430
Thai 350 90 260 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 5 0 0
Turkic languages 5,555 2,835 2,720 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 205 115 90 30 20 15
Turkish 4,935 2,520 2,410 210 120 95
Uyghur 140 75 75 10 5 10
Uzbek 120 60 60 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 150 65 85 40 25 20
Uralic languages 4,020 1,775 2,245 1,440 655 790
Estonian 150 60 90 30 10 15
Finnish 220 70 150 225 85 135
Hungarian 3,650 1,650 2,005 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 395 210 180 155 85 70
Multiple responses 91,675 45,610 46,070 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 25,185 12,820 12,370 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 18,760 9,105 9,655 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 37,330 18,385 18,945 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 10,410 5,305 5,100 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,914,760 933,260 981,495 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 1,740,120 848,190 891,920 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 1,390,200 681,120 709,085 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 437,070 216,650 220,420 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 953,130 464,465 488,665 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 349,915 167,075 182,835 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 230 100 130 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 135 60 75 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 130 60 70 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 5 5 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 15 5 15 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 65 30 35 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 70 25 45 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 40 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 349,685 166,975 182,705 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 58,305 29,780 28,525 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 5,315 2,790 2,525 20 15 5
Kabyle 3,640 1,920 1,720 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,675 875 800 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 335 145 195 1,185 550 630
Bilen 5 0 5 120 65 55
Oromo 5 0 0 210 95 115
Somali 325 135 185 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 52,600 26,815 25,780 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 290 130 155 1,045 520 525
Arabic 50,575 25,800 24,770 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,500 775 730 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 180 85 95 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,930 8,340 9,585 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,120 1,425 1,695 125 55 70
Vietnamese 14,805 6,915 7,890 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 8,615 3,420 5,190 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 10 5 5 30 15 15
Cebuano 210 90 115 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 115 50 65 125 55 75
Ilocano 695 285 410 390 190 200
Malagasy 135 70 65 0 0 0
Malay 130 70 65 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30 25 245 120 130
Pangasinan 15 5 5 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,195 2,795 4,400 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 10 5 10 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 30 15 15
Creole languages 14,360 6,180 8,180 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 570 260 305 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 13,580 5,825 7,755 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 210 95 115 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 9,265 4,605 4,665 800 400 400
Kannada 120 70 55 45 25 25
Malayalam 155 75 80 405 195 205
Tamil 8,700 4,290 4,415 240 120 120
Telugu 280 165 115 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 185,570 88,155 97,420 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 990 485 505 155 80 75
Armenian 5,185 2,375 2,810 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 25,165 11,655 13,510 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 135 55 85 25 10 15
Latvian 55 30 30 15 5 5
Lithuanian 80 30 55 10 5 5
Slavic languages 25,025 11,605 13,430 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 15 10 10 0 5 0
Bosnian 165 75 90 285 145 140
Bulgarian 3,115 1,500 1,610 65 30 30
Croatian 520 240 280 320 145 180
Czech 245 115 135 115 55 60
Macedonian 60 30 30 85 35 45
Polish 3,985 1,770 2,210 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 13,830 6,450 7,385 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 870 430 445 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 200 90 110 90 40 50
Slovak 135 65 75 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 130 55 80 55 20 30
Ukrainian 1,725 765 955 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 5 5
Celtic languages 10 10 5 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 6,165 3,130 3,035 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 10 5 5 200 100 100
Danish 25 15 10 10 5 5
Dutch 190 90 95 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,075 485 595 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 30 15 20 35 15 20
Norwegian 10 10 5 10 5 5
Swedish 75 35 35 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 15 5 10
Yiddish 4,730 2,475 2,250 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 465 240 225
Greek 10,425 4,915 5,515 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 37,260 18,705 18,555 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 24,025 12,260 11,765 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 7,295 3,620 3,670 690 390 305
Gujarati 3,290 1,600 1,685 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 1,160 600 560 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 30 15 15 10 5 5
Marathi 65 35 30 40 25 20
Nepali 105 50 55 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,380 3,460 2,925 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 95 45 50 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 250 120 125 360 190 170
Urdu 5,350 2,715 2,635 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 13,120 6,385 6,740 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 300 150 145 275 135 140
Pashto 675 335 335 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 12,150 5,900 6,255 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 60 50 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 100,365 46,870 53,495 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 85 40 45 0 0 0
Italian 27,910 12,205 15,705 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 9,655 4,555 5,100 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 12,610 6,115 6,500 235 110 125
Spanish 50,085 23,950 26,140 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Japanese 735 310 430 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 65 35 30 10 5 0
Georgian 60 30 35 10 5 5
Korean 2,950 1,355 1,595 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 125 60 65 5 0 5
Mongolian 120 60 65 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 3,535 1,725 1,805 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 370 180 190 45 30 20
Bamanankan 180 100 80 15 5 5
Edo 10 0 5 5 5 0
Ewe 75 30 45 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 355 175 180 35 15 15
Ga 10 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 10 0 5 75 40 35
Lingala 375 155 220 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 360 170 195 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 270 115 155 105 55 50
Shona 20 10 10 10 5 10
Swahili 275 145 130 500 240 265
Wolof 535 300 240 25 20 10
Yoruba 40 15 20 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 645 325 320 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 55 30 25
Sign languages 585 345 245 560 310 255
American Sign Language 45 20 25 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 245 130 125 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 290 195 95 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 41,620 19,770 21,845 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 41,560 19,745 21,820 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 11,620 5,465 6,160 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 105 50 55 25 10 15
Mandarin 26,080 12,475 13,605 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,410 645 770 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 580 265 315 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,730 830 905 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 30 465 235 225
Burmese 20 10 10 55 30 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0 370 190 180
Tibetan 15 5 5 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 930 455 475 535 250 280
Lao 810 405 405 430 210 220
Thai 120 50 75 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 3,620 1,800 1,820 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 65 35 35 10 5 10
Turkish 3,315 1,645 1,665 65 35 35
Uyghur 100 55 45 0 0 0
Uzbek 90 45 50 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 25 10 15
Uralic languages 1,335 565 775 305 140 165
Estonian 25 10 15 0 0 0
Finnish 35 15 20 35 15 15
Hungarian 1,280 535 735 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 55 35 40 25 20
Multiple responses 174,640 85,065 89,575 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 34,135 17,340 16,800 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 38,285 18,350 19,930 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 77,415 36,940 40,475 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 24,805 12,435 12,365 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,914,760 933,260 981,495 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 1,358,395 658,445 699,950 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 164,875 83,085 81,790 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 156,830 77,375 79,450 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 183,265 88,830 94,430 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 280 100 180 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 182,980 88,730 94,250 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 21,910 11,010 10,900 305 150 150
English and non-official language 13,995 6,950 7,045 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 14,580 7,085 7,495 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 905 470 435 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,591,005 770,805 820,205 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,527,425 741,020 786,410 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,198 31,716 27,061 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,527,625 741,070 786,560 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,873 28,718 25,306 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,319,250 651,485 667,770 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,843 31,722 24,323 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,220,350 562,060 658,295 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,964 2,979 7,393 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,076,775 552,940 523,830 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,102 31,811 26,411 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,590,985 770,725 820,255 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,526,955 740,630 786,320 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,670 50,317 37,410 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,527,150 740,680 786,470 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,155 39,256 31,292 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,318,335 651,120 667,220 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,430 51,690 35,370 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,220,065 561,415 658,650 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,727 6,430 8,832 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,076,765 553,085 523,680 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,754 49,167 35,982 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,590,980 770,730 820,255 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 451,850 249,200 202,655 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,182 50,049 44,352 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,105 69,189 53,395 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.8 90.2 80.3 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.1 73.0 64.1 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.2 9.8 19.7 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,591,005 770,800 820,205 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 63,580 29,780 33,800 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 1,527,425 741,020 786,405 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.9 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 239,230 118,900 120,330 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 304,770 130,870 173,895 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 235,475 104,545 130,935 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 186,815 89,430 97,390 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 152,610 72,485 80,125 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 107,705 52,510 55,195 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 75,560 38,430 37,130 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 57,765 30,275 27,490 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 40,455 22,220 18,230 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 27,515 16,235 11,280 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 99,530 65,125 34,410 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 59,525 37,210 22,315 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 40,005 27,915 12,090 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,591,010 770,800 820,205 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 63,375 29,730 33,650 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 1,527,630 741,070 786,560 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 244,915 120,610 124,305 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 317,790 137,530 180,260 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 280,350 127,895 152,455 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 233,885 112,565 121,315 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 161,415 77,850 83,565 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 100,755 51,380 49,375 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 64,225 34,415 29,810 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 37,685 21,995 15,695 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 86,605 56,830 29,775 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 23,470 14,370 9,100 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 15,190 9,590 5,605 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 47,945 32,870 15,070 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,591,005 770,800 820,205 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 514,235 217,860 296,375 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 1,076,770 552,940 523,830 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 67.7 71.7 63.9 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 149,120 72,790 76,330 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 93,250 43,420 49,830 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 167,710 80,255 87,455 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 139,770 68,060 71,710 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 124,895 62,855 62,045 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 100,740 50,140 50,605 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 74,565 38,930 35,640 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 55,000 29,590 25,405 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 45,820 24,710 21,105 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 125,895 82,190 43,705 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 30,005 17,920 12,080 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 20,740 13,030 7,710 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 75,150 51,240 23,915 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 870,370 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 52,519 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 46,559 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 342,510 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,642 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,860 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 527,865 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,245 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 62,917 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 870,370 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,614 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,682 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 342,495 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,473 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,940 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 527,885 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,413 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,682 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 870,375 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 24,465 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 21,890 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 38,235 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 53,475 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 50,070 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,750 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 45,720 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 47,060 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,110 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 42,660 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 77,510 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 63,470 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 52,580 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 43,035 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 35,265 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 184,085 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 62,300 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 39,105 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 40,015 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 42,665 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 870,370 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 25,565 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 22,120 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 38,565 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 56,115 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 56,305 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 52,835 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 57,450 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 57,290 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 53,145 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 49,970 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 85,660 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 67,270 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 52,000 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 41,020 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,890 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 123,165 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 52,170 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 27,430 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 43,565 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 489,520 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,845 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 64,039 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 169,175 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,408 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,304 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 208,095 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,649 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 79,750 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 95,475 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,168 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,426 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 489,420 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,221 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,540 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 168,840 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,556 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,271 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 208,250 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,472 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,758 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 95,425 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,918 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,129 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 443,405 218,395 225,010 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,024 26,960 27,071 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,186 24,951 25,373 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 442,760 217,830 224,930 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,613 38,298 36,950 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,122 31,265 30,983 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,894,995 925,870 969,130 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,202,765 579,085 623,680 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 287,610 143,600 144,005 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 252,935 116,590 136,340 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 255,250 122,140 133,110 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 221,160 106,575 114,585 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 185,815 90,175 95,640 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 692,230 346,780 345,450 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 160,105 78,680 81,425 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 143,930 71,540 72,390 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 132,120 66,215 65,905 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 119,890 60,885 59,005 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 136,185 69,465 66,725 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,894,995 925,865 969,135 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 358,105 182,640 175,460 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 130,840 66,865 63,970 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 1,247,980 617,995 629,985 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 288,910 125,230 163,680 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 403,880 193,540 210,345 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 81,100 41,415 39,685 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 29,655 15,075 14,580 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 262,435 129,925 132,505 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 60,350 22,195 38,150 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 21.3 20.9 21.7 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.6 22.7 22.6 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 22.7 22.5 22.8 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 21.0 21.0 21.0 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 20.9 17.7 23.3 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 339,685 166,970 172,710 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 61,200 31,295 29,910 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 22,345 11,355 10,985 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 236,690 120,520 116,175 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 41,790 15,160 26,630 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.9 18.0 17.8 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.1 17.1 17.0 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.0 17.2 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 19.0 19.5 18.4 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.1 16.3 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,894,995 925,815 969,180 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 1,850,005 908,350 941,655 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 1,342,265 680,010 662,255 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 1,631,820 799,640 832,180 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 900,345 433,465 466,885 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 755 340 415 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 330 185 145 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 265 130 130 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 10 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 55 25 30 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 70 40 25 85 25 55
Plains Cree 10 10 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 120 45 75 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 25 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 30 20 10 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 20 10 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 20 10 10 10 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 0 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 370 120 250 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 335 110 220 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 15 30 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 45 35 10 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 35 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 10 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 899,645 433,150 466,495 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 188,110 98,615 89,495 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 18,525 9,830 8,695 85 50 40
Kabyle 11,195 5,980 5,210 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 7,440 3,905 3,535 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 1,045 510 540 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 35 20 15 210 120 85
Oromo 25 20 10 535 275 260
Somali 975 460 515 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 178,735 93,595 85,140 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 820 405 415 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 162,300 85,065 77,240 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 70 35 40 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 10 10 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 16,165 8,435 7,730 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 10 10 0 65 30 35
Tigrigna 255 125 130 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80 55 25 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 435 220 215 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 30,725 14,715 16,010 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 6,335 3,050 3,285 335 185 150
Vietnamese 24,615 11,780 12,835 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 25,320 9,560 15,760 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 105 45 55 225 100 125
Cebuano 715 260 455 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 10 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 445 160 290 425 180 245
Ilocano 2,270 825 1,440 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 835 405 435 0 0 0
Malay 715 290 425 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 165 80 85 945 415 530
Pangasinan 50 15 30 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 22,770 8,440 14,335 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 40 10 30 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 320 150 175 200 80 120
Creole languages 70,350 31,455 38,895 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 2,895 1,370 1,525 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 66,340 29,580 36,765 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,485 705 780 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 14,890 7,650 7,240 1,840 945 895
Kannada 365 180 180 175 95 80
Malayalam 395 225 170 830 400 430
Tamil 13,650 6,960 6,695 655 330 325
Telugu 835 485 345 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 490,850 234,270 256,580 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 2,065 1,045 1,025 390 195 195
Armenian 9,210 4,370 4,840 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 53,575 24,605 28,970 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 715 330 385 230 90 140
Latvian 240 110 135 115 45 70
Lithuanian 475 225 255 120 50 65
Slavic languages 52,990 24,340 28,645 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 190 80 110 65 25 45
Bosnian 330 150 180 835 405 430
Bulgarian 4,430 2,115 2,310 155 95 60
Croatian 1,795 855 940 1,595 765 825
Czech 1,275 575 700 735 335 395
Macedonian 140 55 80 140 75 60
Polish 11,085 4,910 6,170 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 30,185 14,095 16,090 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 1,935 890 1,050 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 635 275 360 190 75 115
Slovak 850 395 450 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 570 270 305 275 100 175
Ukrainian 6,175 2,680 3,495 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 55 70 35 30
Celtic languages 280 175 105 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 85 55 30 90 65 25
Welsh 45 20 20 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 160 100 55 45 15 25
Germanic languages 34,400 16,995 17,405 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 230 165 70 715 330 385
Danish 450 210 240 270 120 150
Dutch 2,350 1,225 1,120 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 0 10 0 90 65 30
German 21,045 10,415 10,630 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 95 65 30 560 225 335
Norwegian 300 135 165 290 115 175
Swedish 920 410 510 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 250 70 185 270 120 155
Yiddish 9,880 4,910 4,965 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 26,310 12,845 13,465 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 64,655 33,330 31,320 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 43,825 22,985 20,840 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 11,090 5,680 5,410 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 6,565 3,235 3,330 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 11,865 6,415 5,450 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 35 30 10 20 15 10
Konkani 115 55 60 40 30 10
Marathi 375 195 180 275 170 105
Nepali 135 75 60 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 15 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,800 7,135 5,665 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 350 160 195 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 925 440 485 920 500 420
Urdu 11,255 5,930 5,315 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 21,235 10,575 10,660 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 675 340 335 600 295 305
Pashto 1,140 615 525 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 19,650 9,770 9,880 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 450 260 190 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 320,755 150,495 170,260 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 550 330 220 15 10 10
Italian 114,505 54,380 60,120 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 27,360 13,775 13,585 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 22,115 10,440 11,675 785 395 390
Spanish 176,745 81,465 95,285 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 230 145 85 60 45 15
Japanese 4,275 1,930 2,345 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 190 90 100 10 0 15
Georgian 195 90 95 15 0 15
Korean 4,930 2,315 2,620 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 205 110 95 55 20 35
Mongolian 205 105 100 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 26,800 13,565 13,240 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 1,350 710 640 260 165 95
Bamanankan 1,305 685 620 160 95 65
Edo 145 60 80 95 60 30
Ewe 730 490 240 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,090 1,115 980 50 25 25
Ga 170 100 75 30 10 15
Ganda 30 10 25 230 110 120
Igbo 180 115 60 665 345 325
Lingala 5,470 2,455 3,015 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,510 715 790 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,420 680 745 305 155 155
Shona 105 55 50 250 110 140
Swahili 2,985 1,500 1,490 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 3,295 1,800 1,495 150 85 70
Yoruba 590 330 260 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 8,970 4,620 4,345 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 205 125 75 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 205 130 75 225 120 105
Sign languages 2,135 890 1,245 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 300 125 180 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 1,160 435 730 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 760 370 390 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 61,480 28,975 32,505 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 61,355 28,905 32,450 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 20,895 9,735 11,155 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 385 170 210 50 30 20
Mandarin 40,720 18,965 21,755 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 15 10 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,990 1,310 1,675 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 925 420 505 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,410 1,665 1,745 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75 35 45 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 95 65 675 310 370
Burmese 70 40 30 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 30 25 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 2,785 1,315 1,475 1,565 730 835
Lao 2,100 1,035 1,060 1,120 520 600
Thai 970 400 570 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 8,200 4,105 4,100 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 400 220 175 50 25 30
Turkish 7,400 3,705 3,695 365 180 185
Uyghur 175 85 90 30 15 10
Uzbek 185 80 110 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 175 85 85 45 15 30
Uralic languages 4,905 2,205 2,705 1,550 730 815
Estonian 105 45 60 45 20 25
Finnish 270 100 170 265 105 160
Hungarian 4,525 2,060 2,470 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,070 590 485 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,895,000 925,815 969,185 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,648,430 803,195 845,235 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 322,920 164,560 158,370 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,325,505 638,635 686,870 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 246,565 122,620 123,945 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,894,995 925,815 969,185 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,187,260 582,140 605,120 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 644,680 310,250 334,430 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 141,755 66,725 75,035 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 74,335 36,560 37,775 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 108,760 51,330 57,430 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 181,195 87,585 93,610 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 74,840 36,150 38,695 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 106,360 51,435 54,920 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 138,635 68,055 70,585 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 63,060 33,425 29,630 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 644,685 310,250 334,430 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 58,110 28,910 29,200 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 97,545 48,375 49,175 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 128,855 58,300 70,560 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 314,350 153,930 160,420 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 45,815 20,740 25,075 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 644,685 310,250 334,435 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 140,935 64,340 76,600 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 3,960 1,865 2,090 435 170 265
Colombia 9,135 4,295 4,835 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 6,965 3,470 3,500 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 1,825 765 1,060 1,135 515 620
Haiti 50,160 21,900 28,255 155 75 80
Jamaica 3,555 1,525 2,035 1,810 835 970
Mexico 9,155 4,205 4,955 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 7,400 3,280 4,115 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 2,895 1,305 1,595 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 12,335 6,325 6,005 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 33,555 15,400 18,160 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 172,245 82,670 89,580 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 735 370 365 1,055 530 525
Croatia 1,075 540 540 975 445 535
France 38,165 20,010 18,155 795 425 365
Germany 4,240 1,780 2,455 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 10,320 4,995 5,320 820 445 375
Hungary 2,270 1,025 1,240 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 490 270 220 650 310 340
Italy 39,105 18,405 20,700 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 915 490 420 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 6,930 2,955 3,975 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 9,480 4,385 5,100 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 14,250 6,555 7,695 720 345 375
Russian Federation 7,480 3,245 4,235 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,040 465 575 355 175 175
Ukraine 5,750 2,490 3,260 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,105 3,680 3,420 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 22,890 10,990 11,900 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 143,550 74,055 69,495 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 40,140 20,915 19,220 115 60 55
Egypt 12,710 6,535 6,170 980 525 455
Ethiopia 735 370 370 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 425 205 220 935 470 465
Morocco 37,365 19,155 18,205 250 140 110
Nigeria 910 495 415 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 440 205 230 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 505 275 230 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 50,335 25,885 24,450 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 187,130 88,725 98,400 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 1,490 735 755 615 285 330
Bangladesh 6,865 3,440 3,425 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 30,715 13,440 17,275 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,800 1,335 1,460 1,460 715 735
India 13,340 6,920 6,425 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 14,160 6,970 7,190 1,180 655 530
Iraq 1,980 1,035 945 860 460 400
Japan 1,150 300 855 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,800 1,265 1,535 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 20,015 10,680 9,335 265 165 100
Pakistan 6,725 3,550 3,180 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 20,535 7,730 12,805 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 8,315 4,135 4,180 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10,080 5,050 5,025 805 390 410
Taiwan 1,660 675 985 215 110 110
Viet Nam 17,845 8,295 9,550 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 26,650 13,175 13,470 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 825 460 360 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 138,635 68,050 70,585 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 29,030 13,815 15,215 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 1,730 870 860 100 35 65
Colombia 3,180 1,535 1,645 185 70 120
Cuba 1,265 650 615 75 25 55
Haiti 11,775 5,370 6,405 15 10 0
Jamaica 125 90 35 340 175 165
Mexico 2,595 1,215 1,380 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,510 1,415 1,095 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,125 540 585 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 4,720 2,130 2,595 1,490 640 850
Europe 24,950 12,790 12,155 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 12,465 6,725 5,735 135 70 75
Germany 325 155 175 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 60 20 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 2,905 1,325 1,575 160 85 70
Romania 1,695 735 960 70