Census Profile, 2016 Census
Gatineau, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Gatineau,
Quebec
[Census division]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Gatineau, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec  Map : Gatineau, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 276,245 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 265,349 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.1 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 125,608 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 118,385 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 805.8 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 342.80 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 276,245 134,130 142,120 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 50,545 25,890 24,650 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 17,200 8,755 8,440 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 17,800 9,145 8,655 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 15,550 7,985 7,560 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 187,080 91,360 95,715 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 15,725 7,870 7,850 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 18,210 9,060 9,150 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 18,110 8,915 9,195 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 18,845 9,135 9,710 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 19,735 9,570 10,165 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 18,580 9,165 9,415 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 18,600 9,060 9,540 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 21,650 10,520 11,135 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 20,855 9,985 10,875 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 16,765 8,090 8,675 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 38,630 16,880 21,750 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 13,690 6,460 7,235 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 9,720 4,560 5,165 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 6,460 2,795 3,670 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 4,525 1,785 2,735 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 4,220 1,280 2,945 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 2,765 920 1,845 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 1,145 305 840 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 270 45 220 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 45 5 40 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 19.3 17.3 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 67.7 68.1 67.3 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 14.0 12.6 15.3 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.5 1.0 2.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.2 38.2 40.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.2 38.2 40.2 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 118,385 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 45,610 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,500 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 66,090 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 17,255 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 7,795 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,935 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 33,880 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 230 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 180 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 118,385 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 38,365 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 39,555 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 18,050 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 14,975 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,445 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 271,845 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 225,705 108,240 117,465 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 123,255 61,525 61,725 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 80,065 39,940 40,125 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 43,195 21,590 21,605 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 102,445 46,710 55,735 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 69,605 36,005 33,605 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 4,620 1,965 2,655 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 17,205 6,405 10,800 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 11,015 2,335 8,680 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 76,395 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 38,815 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 17,155 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 14,325 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,100 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 76,400 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 60,365 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 38,775 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 21,590 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 16,035 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 12,100 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 3,935 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 60,370 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 28,965 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 31,400 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 12,385 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 13,190 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 5,820 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 16,030 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 9,855 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 4,770 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 1,410 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 52,890 25,045 27,845 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 118,385 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 74,360 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 28,165 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 46,195 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,010 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 43,015 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 38,365 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,650 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 273,265 133,040 140,230 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 19,180 10,220 8,960 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 77,415 34,310 43,105 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 174,885 87,715 87,170 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 1,785 800 990 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 273,265 133,040 140,225 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 40,920 20,910 20,015 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 221,635 106,880 114,750 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 9,000 4,490 4,510 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 1,710 760 950 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 45,425 23,155 22,270 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.6 17.4 15.9 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 273,270 133,040 140,225 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 265,270 129,120 136,155 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 236,000 114,775 121,225 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 30,660 15,660 15,000 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 205,335 99,110 106,225 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 29,275 14,350 14,925 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 335 155 175 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 305 145 165 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 290 135 150 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 10 0 5 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 5 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 40 15 25 315 125 190
Plains Cree 5 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 5 5 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 5 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 215 105 110 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 20 5 15 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 5 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 15 5 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 10 5 10 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 5 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,940 14,195 14,755 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,780 4,070 3,710 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 545 305 235 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 365 200 170 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 180 105 70 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 285 135 150 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 10 5 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 275 130 140 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 6,930 3,610 3,320 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 60 25 35 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 6,805 3,550 3,260 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 10 10 5 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 0 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 35 15 20 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 600 290 310 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 210 100 110 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 390 185 200 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 315 85 230 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 0 0 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 15 5 15 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 10 5 5 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 50 20 30 1,430 665 760
Malay 30 5 25 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 195 40 155 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 1,190 535 650 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 110 50 60 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 1,065 485 580 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 50 30 20 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 0 5 0 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 0 0 0 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 45 25 15 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 5 5 0 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 13,295 6,465 6,830 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 45 20 25 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 55 25 30 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 2,800 1,320 1,475 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 20 10 5 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 10 5 5 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 5 5 5 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 2,780 1,310 1,470 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 10 10 5 810 385 430
Bosnian 160 90 75 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 210 100 110 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 165 85 80 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 60 25 35 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 10 5 5 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 385 165 225 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 660 285 370 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 570 300 270 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 355 175 175 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 40 15 25 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 0 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 150 55 90 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 0 5 0 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 0 0 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 605 275 330 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 5 5 0 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 20 10 5 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 135 70 70 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 5 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 390 170 220 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 0 5 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 10 5 5 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 15 5 10 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 0 0 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 125 80 50 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 1,025 545 475 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 350 185 160 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 85 45 35 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 15 5 5 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 50 25 20 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 0 0 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 5 0 5 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 5 5 0 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 65 30 35 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 5 0 0 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 115 65 50 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 670 355 315 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 80 50 25 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 30 15 10 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 560 285 275 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 8,635 4,190 4,450 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 5 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 385 220 160 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 2,555 1,255 1,300 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 980 470 505 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 4,710 2,235 2,475 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 105 30 75 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 5 5 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 125 50 80 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 5 5 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 3,120 1,545 1,575 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 30 10 15 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 70 35 35 1,535 815 720
Edo 5 10 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 90 50 45 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 85 75 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 15 5 10 1,295 625 665
Igbo 20 15 5 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 185 95 95 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 650 315 340 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 495 220 275 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 10 5 5 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 480 235 240 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 200 100 100 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 30 10 15 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 680 355 320 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 15 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 50 20 30 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 10 0 5 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 10 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,785 825 960 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 1,775 820 955 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 280 125 150 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 5 0 0 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 1,350 625 720 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 20 30 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 10 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 35 45 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 10 0 5 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 0 0 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 160 65 95 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 115 50 60 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 45 15 35 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 120 65 55 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 5 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 95 55 35 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 5 0 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 15 10 5 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 140 75 65 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 5 0 5 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 20 10 10 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 120 70 55 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 7,995 3,920 4,070 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 4,635 2,265 2,370 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 675 330 345 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 2,100 1,030 1,075 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 580 300 280 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 273,265 133,040 140,225 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 261,100 127,230 133,870 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 245,710 119,725 125,980 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 38,255 19,645 18,605 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 207,450 100,080 107,370 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 15,390 7,500 7,890 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 190 95 95 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 185 95 95 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 190 90 95 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 5 5 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 20 5 10 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 5 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 160 80 80 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,205 7,405 7,790 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,245 2,125 2,115 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 250 135 120 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 195 105 95 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 145 70 75 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 5 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 140 70 75 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 3,840 1,920 1,925 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 20 5 15 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 3,790 1,900 1,895 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 15 10 5 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 15 5 5 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 375 185 190 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 65 60 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 245 120 125 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 55 20 35 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 0 0 0 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 0 0 0 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 10 0 5 435 220 210
Malay 0 0 0 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 15 20 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 380 160 220 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 50 15 30 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 330 145 190 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 30 20 15 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 0 0 0 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 25 15 10 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 0 0 0 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 7,620 3,690 3,925 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 20 10 15 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 45 25 20 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 1,820 875 945 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 0 0 0 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 0 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 1,820 875 945 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 10 5 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 120 60 60 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 155 70 85 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 95 45 55 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 15 5 10 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 10 5 5 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 140 60 85 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 455 205 250 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 470 250 225 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 260 135 125 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 15 5 10 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 60 30 35 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 100 40 60 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 0 0 0 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 5 0 5 855 410 445
Dutch 20 5 15 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 60 30 30 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 5 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 15 5 5 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 35 15 20 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 585 295 285 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 175 90 85 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 35 20 15 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 5 0 5 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 20 10 10 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 5 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 0 0 0 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 20 10 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 65 30 25 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 405 200 205 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 65 35 30 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 15 10 10 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 325 160 170 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,010 2,430 2,575 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 55 35 20 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 1,135 550 590 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 630 300 325 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 3,180 1,545 1,640 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 180 85 95
Japanese 45 15 30 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 75 35 35 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 5 5 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 795 370 425 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 15 5 5 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 15 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 15 20 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 5 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 5 0 5 1,000 485 510
Lingala 45 20 20 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 215 105 115 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 45 60 1,530 670 865
Shona 5 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 175 85 95 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 70 35 35 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 10 5 5 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 65 35 30 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 10 0 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 10 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 15 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,325 650 675 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 1,320 645 675 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 140 65 70 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 1,110 550 555 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 15 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 25 30 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 65 35 35 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 60 25 35 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 10 0 5 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 65 30 35 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 50 25 25 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 5 0 5 610 315 290
Uzbek 5 5 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 40 20 25 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 0 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 35 20 20 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 12,165 5,810 6,355 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 5,470 2,605 2,865 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 1,550 760 790 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 3,640 1,705 1,930 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 1,515 745 770 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 273,265 133,040 140,230 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 207,030 100,505 106,520 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 36,730 18,000 18,730 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 16,230 8,040 8,190 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 10,125 4,935 5,190 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 140 60 75 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 9,990 4,870 5,115 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 1,285 635 650 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 1,205 600 605 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 630 310 325 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 25 15 10 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 221,340 106,660 114,680 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 212,745 102,420 110,325 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,981 42,077 36,137 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 212,810 102,425 110,385 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,802 36,042 31,762 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 191,760 93,925 97,835 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,699 40,472 33,063 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 156,815 69,970 86,845 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,446 4,574 7,684 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 159,325 80,005 79,315 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,378 39,774 35,067 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 221,340 106,660 114,680 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 212,810 102,435 110,375 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,990 50,136 42,144 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 212,865 102,435 110,435 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,414 40,178 34,850 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 191,750 93,930 97,820 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,357 49,349 39,563 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 156,610 69,810 86,800 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,184 7,165 9,003 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 159,325 79,835 79,490 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,154 47,632 40,660 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 221,345 106,665 114,680 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 78,260 40,685 37,575 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,138 58,577 54,214 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,499 64,010 56,698 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.9 90.3 83.2 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.1 74.5 69.4 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.0 9.7 16.8 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 221,340 106,665 114,680 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 8,595 4,240 4,355 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 212,745 102,420 110,325 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.0 96.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,400 11,545 12,855 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 32,805 13,685 19,120 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 27,150 11,885 15,265 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 24,560 11,605 12,955 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 23,375 11,160 12,215 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 20,615 10,000 10,615 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 16,925 8,410 8,515 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 12,575 6,345 6,230 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 9,580 5,065 4,515 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 6,555 3,585 2,970 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 14,215 9,145 5,075 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 11,365 7,130 4,235 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 2,850 2,010 835 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 221,340 106,660 114,675 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 8,530 4,235 4,290 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 212,810 102,425 110,385 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.0 96.3 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 25,670 11,785 13,885 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 34,505 14,665 19,840 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 33,465 15,110 18,350 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 33,180 15,875 17,305 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 29,505 14,480 15,025 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 21,640 10,735 10,900 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 14,715 7,540 7,175 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 9,010 5,010 4,000 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 11,125 7,225 3,900 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 4,815 2,995 1,820 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 2,380 1,535 850 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 3,930 2,695 1,235 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 221,340 106,660 114,680 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 62,020 26,655 35,365 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 159,325 80,010 79,315 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 72.0 75.0 69.2 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 17,195 8,635 8,560 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 11,490 5,120 6,370 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 21,170 9,810 11,365 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 17,705 8,485 9,220 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 16,420 8,120 8,300 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 15,060 7,370 7,695 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 14,805 7,115 7,695 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 12,385 6,155 6,230 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 9,595 4,950 4,645 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 23,490 14,255 9,240 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 7,670 4,215 3,450 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 5,100 2,975 2,130 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 10,720 7,065 3,655 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 118,385 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,703 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,063 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 38,365 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,430 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,232 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 80,020 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,774 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,312 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 118,385 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,672 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,273 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 38,370 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,650 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,515 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 80,015 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,906 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,023 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 118,385 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,490 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,740 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,505 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,710 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,860 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,300 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,830 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,180 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,145 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,115 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,155 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,405 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,295 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,625 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,490 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 35,560 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,785 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,550 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 9,145 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,075 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 118,385 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,555 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,775 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,555 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,980 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,550 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,305 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,445 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,645 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,685 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,715 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,240 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 10,880 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,275 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,635 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,340 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 22,800 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,110 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,095 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,595 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 76,710 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,583 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,805 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 27,525 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,194 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,953 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 31,595 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,933 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,857 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 15,500 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,457 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,797 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 76,685 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,958 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,699 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 27,460 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,849 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,468 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 31,655 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,576 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,514 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 15,455 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,898 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,920 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 47,420 22,655 24,770 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,195 35,528 34,943 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,941 31,002 30,886 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 47,460 22,900 24,555 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,478 42,275 40,734 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,184 34,607 33,788 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 271,850 132,530 139,315 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 135,305 64,605 70,700 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 24,155 11,805 12,350 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 24,470 11,250 13,220 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 27,765 13,260 14,505 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 29,465 13,985 15,480 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 29,450 14,305 15,145 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 136,545 67,925 68,620 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 30,805 15,020 15,790 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 31,090 15,270 15,820 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 30,720 15,385 15,340 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 27,430 13,845 13,590 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 16,500 8,415 8,085 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 271,850 132,535 139,315 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 59,685 30,460 29,230 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 20,670 10,530 10,140 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 177,035 86,215 90,825 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 35,120 15,865 19,260 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 35,245 16,565 18,675 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 8,535 4,415 4,115 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 3,195 1,690 1,510 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 21,820 10,470 11,355 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 4,885 1,685 3,205 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.0 12.5 13.4 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 14.3 14.5 14.1 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 15.5 16.0 14.9 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 12.3 12.1 12.5 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 13.9 10.6 16.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 27,675 13,355 14,320 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 6,105 3,175 2,925 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 2,310 1,200 1,105 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 18,615 9,185 9,430 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 2,955 995 1,960 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.2 10.1 10.3 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.4 10.0 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 11.2 11.4 10.9 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.7 10.4 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 8.4 6.3 10.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 271,845 132,530 139,320 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 270,095 131,770 138,325 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 193,375 97,410 95,960 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 250,975 121,540 129,435 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 48,460 23,450 25,010 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 460 175 285 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 435 165 270 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 360 130 230 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 10 10 10 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 50 25 30 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 10 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 275 95 185 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 20 10 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 30 20 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 20 30 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 35 10 25 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 10 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 15 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 15 10 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 48,015 23,280 24,735 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,965 5,735 5,235 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 785 440 350 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 495 245 250 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 300 195 100 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 380 180 200 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 15 15 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 360 165 195 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 10,215 5,365 4,850 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 155 70 80 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 9,990 5,260 4,725 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 15 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 55 35 20 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 10 0 10 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 50 20 30 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 850 420 430 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 135 120 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 595 290 310 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 550 180 365 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 20 0 15 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 10 10 10 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 95 45 50 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 75 25 50 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 10 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 350 100 250 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 2,820 1,330 1,485 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 225 115 110 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 2,540 1,195 1,345 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 70 40 35 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 0 0 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 10 0 0 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 55 30 25 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 10 0 10 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 25,080 11,855 13,225 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 75 40 35 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 80 45 35 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 3,695 1,845 1,850 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 25 15 10 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 25 15 10 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 0 0 0 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 3,680 1,830 1,845 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 40 15 25 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 240 120 115 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 220 105 110 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 260 120 140 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 50 15 35 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 25 15 10 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 415 195 215 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 1,405 705 695 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 690 355 335 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 425 235 185 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 90 25 65 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 290 130 170 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 25 10 10 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 0 10 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 1,710 905 805 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 15 15 0 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 40 30 10 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 225 125 110 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 1,370 745 630 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 15 10 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 20 10 15 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 35 20 10 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 30 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 205 135 70 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 1,300 635 665 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 530 210 320 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 70 30 40 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 15 10 10 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 170 80 90 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 0 0 0 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 15 10 0 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 155 70 85 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 10 0 0 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 0 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 280 100 175 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 810 440 370 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 135 100 40 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 25 10 10 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 715 370 345 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 18,980 8,760 10,220 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 20 15 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 1,560 840 720 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 3,370 1,585 1,780 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 1,240 635 605 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 13,880 6,225 7,660 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 240 140 105 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 10 10 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 210 95 115 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 15 10 10 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 5,740 2,865 2,875 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 65 30 40 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 220 95 120 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 20 15 10 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 165 100 65 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 270 140 135 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 25 0 15 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 15 0 10 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 30 20 10 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 740 355 385 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 970 480 490 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 835 415 425 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 25 15 10 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 1,295 700 595 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 495 230 275 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 155 85 65 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,635 840 795 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 30 30 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 345 140 205 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 105 40 70 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 125 50 75 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 150 65 85 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,170 1,090 1,080 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 2,165 1,090 1,070 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 365 200 165 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 0 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 1,755 860 890 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 40 35 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 0 10 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 55 55 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 10 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 200 95 110 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 125 60 70 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 105 50 50 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 325 185 145 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 245 140 105 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 40 20 15 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 160 85 75 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 0 0 0 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 20 0 15 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 140 80 65 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 175 80 90 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 271,850 132,530 139,315 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 260,430 126,935 133,495 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 57,480 29,365 28,120 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 202,950 97,570 105,375 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,420 5,595 5,820 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 271,845 132,535 139,315 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 236,015 114,710 121,300 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 33,860 16,810 17,050 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 4,525 2,255 2,265 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 3,540 1,945 1,595 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 6,630 3,270 3,355 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 11,630 5,610 6,020 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 5,275 2,540 2,735 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 6,360 3,075 3,285 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,535 3,730 3,810 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,975 1,015 965 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 33,865 16,815 17,045 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 3,885 1,865 2,020 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 5,650 2,955 2,695 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 6,450 3,110 3,335 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 15,780 7,890 7,885 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 2,095 990 1,110 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 33,865 16,810 17,050 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 7,245 3,525 3,720 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 285 145 140 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 1,430 625 805 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 410 215 200 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 20 10 10 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 2,030 965 1,060 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 145 85 60 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 470 175 290 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 345 185 160 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 80 30 45 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 755 445 310 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 1,275 645 625 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 8,265 4,000 4,265 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 720 360 355 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 205 110 95 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 1,845 900 945 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 260 130 130 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 55 30 25 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 40 30 15 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 40 15 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 190 135 55 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 130 75 55 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 270 110 155 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 1,360 610 750 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 870 435 430 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 280 85 200 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 185 100 80 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 205 85 115 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 435 225 215 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 1,160 540 620 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 10,755 5,635 5,120 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 1,175 645 535 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 325 205 125 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 110 60 45 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 85 30 55 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 1,515 775 735 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 115 70 45 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 90 40 55 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 55 40 20 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 7,275 3,765 3,510 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 7,535 3,615 3,920 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 110 50 60 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 45 20 20 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,355 545 810 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 25 35 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 115 45 65 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 465 265 205 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 315 170 150 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 40 10 25 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 150 60 95 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 2,430 1,295 1,130 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 130 55 75 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 355 100 255 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 60 45 15 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 485 240 245 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 40 0 35 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 350 160 190 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 1,030 525 505 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 60 35 25 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,535 3,725 3,810 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 1,450 750 700 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 60 40 20 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 325 150 175 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 85 40 50 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 470 235 240 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 30 20 10 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 75 25 45 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 170 120 55 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 50 25 25 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 185 90 90 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 1,065 490 575 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 350 165 185 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 15 0 10 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 20 10 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66