Census Profile, 2016 Census
Lac-Saint-Jean-Est, Municipalité régionale de comté [Census division], Quebec and Chatham - Douglastown [Population centre], New Brunswick

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Lac-Saint-Jean-Est, MRC
Quebec
[Census division]
Chatham - Douglastown
New Brunswick
[Population centre]
Data quality , Lac-Saint-Jean-Est, Municipalité régionale de comté [Census division], Quebec  Map : Lac-Saint-Jean-Est, Municipalité régionale de comté [Census division], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Chatham - Douglastown [Population centre], New Brunswick  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 52,741 ... ... 11,329 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 52,520 ... ... 11,443r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.4 ... ... -1.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 25,450 ... ... 5,530 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 22,909 ... ... 5,163 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 19.0 ... ... 458.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,779.97 ... ... 24.72 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 52,740 26,450 26,290 11,320 5,275 6,045
0 to 14 years 8,540 4,335 4,200 1,525 790 735
0 to 4 years 2,745 1,425 1,325 470 240 235
5 to 9 years 3,050 1,555 1,495 540 285 260
10 to 14 years 2,740 1,355 1,380 515 270 245
15 to 64 years 33,370 17,050 16,325 6,890 3,215 3,680
15 to 19 years 2,630 1,345 1,280 560 280 280
20 to 24 years 2,725 1,395 1,330 585 300 285
25 to 29 years 2,670 1,350 1,315 530 245 275
30 to 34 years 3,055 1,560 1,500 555 255 305
35 to 39 years 3,195 1,655 1,540 570 280 290
40 to 44 years 2,690 1,385 1,305 640 315 325
45 to 49 years 2,780 1,445 1,335 745 335 415
50 to 54 years 4,225 2,135 2,090 830 365 470
55 to 59 years 5,005 2,515 2,490 910 410 500
60 to 64 years 4,400 2,260 2,140 965 425 540
65 years and over 10,835 5,070 5,765 2,900 1,270 1,630
65 to 69 years 3,440 1,755 1,680 945 435 515
70 to 74 years 2,680 1,285 1,395 680 340 340
75 to 79 years 1,955 885 1,070 565 235 325
80 to 84 years 1,455 605 850 380 160 225
85 years and over 1,300 525 770 335 105 230
85 to 89 years 900 375 530 225 80 150
90 to 94 years 340 135 205 75 20 55
95 to 99 years 55 20 35 30 5 20
100 years and over 10 5 5 0 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.2 16.4 16.0 13.5 15.0 12.2
15 to 64 years 63.3 64.5 62.1 60.9 60.9 60.9
65 years and over 20.5 19.2 21.9 25.6 24.1 27.0
85 years and over 2.5 2.0 2.9 3.0 2.0 3.8
Average age of the population 43.8 43.1 44.4 46.5 44.8 47.9
Median age of the population 46.6 45.7 47.6 49.7 47.6 51.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 22,905 ... ... 5,165 ... ...
Single-detached house 13,845 ... ... 3,345 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 65 ... ... 5 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 8,880 ... ... 1,580 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,440 ... ... 285 ... ...
Row house 345 ... ... 45 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,835 ... ... 140 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,070 ... ... 1,090 ... ...
Other single-attached house 195 ... ... 20 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 115 ... ... 240 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 22,910 ... ... 5,165 ... ...
1 person 7,095 ... ... 1,725 ... ...
2 persons 8,990 ... ... 2,010 ... ...
3 persons 2,960 ... ... 705 ... ...
4 persons 2,550 ... ... 510 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,315 ... ... 210 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 51,175 ... ... 11,030 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.1 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 44,205 22,115 22,090 9,790 4,485 5,310
Married or living common law 27,425 13,660 13,765 5,405 2,700 2,705
Married 16,220 8,085 8,135 4,535 2,265 2,270
Living common law 11,200 5,575 5,630 870 435 435
Not married and not living common law 16,775 8,455 8,325 4,390 1,785 2,600
Never married 10,505 6,130 4,375 2,380 1,235 1,150
Separated 545 285 260 380 125 255
Divorced 2,875 1,320 1,550 690 235 450
Widowed 2,860 720 2,140 935 185 750
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 15,425 ... ... 3,325 ... ...
2 persons 8,925 ... ... 2,040 ... ...
3 persons 2,840 ... ... 675 ... ...
4 persons 2,485 ... ... 465 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,170 ... ... 150 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 15,425 ... ... 3,330 ... ...
Total couple families 13,430 ... ... 2,645 ... ...
Married couples 7,835 ... ... 2,210 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,590 ... ... 435 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,995 ... ... 685 ... ...
Female parent 1,425 ... ... 570 ... ...
Male parent 565 ... ... 120 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 13,430 ... ... 2,645 ... ...
Couples without children 7,710 ... ... 1,585 ... ...
Couples with children 5,720 ... ... 1,050 ... ...
1 child 2,250 ... ... 495 ... ...
2 children 2,325 ... ... 420 ... ...
3 or more children 1,140 ... ... 140 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,990 ... ... 680 ... ...
1 child 1,220 ... ... 450 ... ...
2 children 590 ... ... 180 ... ...
3 or more children 190 ... ... 50 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 8,690 4,625 4,060 2,295 890 1,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 22,910 ... ... 5,165 ... ...
One-census-family households 15,235 ... ... 3,210 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,615 ... ... 1,550 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 7,625 ... ... 1,655 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 90 ... ... 60 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,580 ... ... 1,895 ... ...
One-person households 7,090 ... ... 1,730 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 485 ... ... 165 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 52,085 26,175 25,905 11,130 5,190 5,935
English only 20 10 5 8,960 4,290 4,670
French only 43,770 21,260 22,515 30 10 20
English and French 8,270 4,890 3,375 2,130 885 1,245
Neither English nor French 25 20 5 15 10 10
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 52,080 26,175 25,905 11,130 5,195 5,940
English 185 105 80 10,155 4,760 5,395
French 51,840 26,035 25,805 920 410 510
English and French 30 20 15 40 15 25
Neither English nor French 25 15 5 15 10 10
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 205 115 90 940 415 525
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.4 0.4 0.3 8.4 8.0 8.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 52,080 26,175 25,905 11,130 5,190 5,940
Single responses 51,945 26,100 25,845 10,995 5,130 5,865
Official languages 51,705 25,970 25,730 10,745 5,005 5,740
English 180 105 80 9,795 4,590 5,205
French 51,520 25,870 25,655 945 415 535
Non-official languages 245 130 115 255 125 125
Aboriginal languages 50 25 20 10 5 0
Algonquian languages 50 25 20 10 5 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 50 25 20 0 0 0
Atikamekw 45 25 20 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 195 100 95 240 120 120
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 10 5 25 15 10
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 15 10 10 25 15 10
Amharic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Arabic 15 5 10 25 20 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 5 10 5 5 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 10 5 5 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10 0 5 25 15 20
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 5 0 0 5
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 0 0 25 10 15
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 95 45 50 120 55 60
Albanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 5 0 5 20 10 10
Baltic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 10 0 5 20 10 10
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 5 5 0 0
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Russian 5 5 5 5 5 0
Serbian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 10 5 5 50 25 25
Afrikaans 0 0 0 5 5 0
Danish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dutch 0 0 0 10 5 5
Frisian 0 0 0 0 5 0
German 10 5 5 25 10 10
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 5 0 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 5 0 0 30 10 15
Indo-Aryan languages 5 0 0 25 10 15
Bengali 0 0 0 10 5 5
Gujarati 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 70 35 35 15 10 5
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Portuguese 5 0 0 0 0 5
Romanian 0 5 0 0 0 0
Spanish 50 20 30 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 5 0 5 5 5
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 15 10 5
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 10 5 0 0 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 5 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 5 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 15 10 5 20 10 10
Chinese languages 20 10 5 25 15 10
Cantonese 5 5 0 10 5 0
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 10 5 5 10 0 5
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 0 5 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 0 0 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 0 10 10 5
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 5 0 5 5 5
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 135 70 60 135 60 70
English and French 95 50 45 115 50 65
English and non-official language 0 0 0 20 15 10
French and non-official language 40 20 15 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 0 0 0
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 52,080 26,175 25,905 11,130 5,190 5,935
Single responses 51,900 26,080 25,825 11,005 5,130 5,875
Official languages 51,790 26,015 25,775 10,900 5,080 5,820
English 80 40 40 10,515 4,910 5,605
French 51,705 25,970 25,730 380 170 215
Non-official languages 115 65 45 105 55 55
Aboriginal languages 35 20 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 30 25 10 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 20 10 0 0 0
Atikamekw 30 20 15 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 75 45 35 110 55 55
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 0 0 20 15 5
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 5 0 0 25 15 10
Amharic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Arabic 5 5 0 20 15 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 5 5 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 15 5 5
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0 0 0 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 40 20 25 45 20 20
Albanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 5 5 5 10 0 5
Baltic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 5 0 5 10 0 5
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Russian 5 0 0 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0 0 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Afrikaans 0 0 0 5 0 0
Danish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dutch 0 0 0 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 5 0 5 5 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 5 0 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 5 5 5 20 10 10
Indo-Aryan languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Bengali 0 0 0 5 0 5
Gujarati 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Urdu 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 35 15 15 5 5 0
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0 0 5 5
Spanish 30 15 15 5 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 5 0 0 5
American Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 5 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 0 0 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 10 5 0 15 5 5
Chinese languages 10 10 5 10 10 5
Cantonese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 10 5 5 0 0 0
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 180 100 80 125 60 65
English and French 100 60 40 80 30 45
English and non-official language 0 0 0 45 25 20
French and non-official language 70 35 30 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 5 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 52,080 26,175 25,905 11,130 5,190 5,935
None 50,995 25,565 25,425 10,325 4,840 5,480
English 870 500 375 230 95 140
French 100 50 50 485 215 270
Non-official language 95 55 40 85 40 40
Aboriginal 5 0 5 10 5 0
Non-Aboriginal 90 50 40 75 35 40
English and French 0 0 0 0 0 0
English and non-official language 20 10 10 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 5 5 5
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 42,650 21,530 21,115 9,510 4,355 5,155
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 41,450 21,070 20,375 9,165 4,200 4,970
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,735 39,942 24,034 29,347 36,358 24,825
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 41,465 21,070 20,395 9,170 4,195 4,970
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,447 34,843 22,528 26,978 32,328 23,488
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 36,235 19,215 17,020 7,725 3,685 4,045
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,443 35,204 20,355 26,363 31,296 22,184
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 32,945 15,900 17,040 7,250 3,095 4,155
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,808 8,765 8,848 9,658 11,357 8,794
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 28,800 15,815 12,980 5,860 2,875 2,985
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,281 35,650 21,984 26,788 29,976 24,256
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 42,645 21,535 21,120 9,610 4,370 5,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 41,440 21,025 20,415 9,170 4,180 4,985
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,097 47,063 30,892 36,587 42,816 31,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 41,460 21,030 20,430 9,175 4,180 4,990
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,750 38,550 26,782 31,337 36,044 27,390
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 36,285 19,220 17,070 7,745 3,635 4,115
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,993 43,708 27,305 34,186 40,306 28,778
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 32,640 15,645 16,990 7,240 3,055 4,185
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,627 9,560 9,689 9,739 10,662 9,066
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 28,800 15,790 13,015 5,940 2,860 3,080
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,426 42,809 28,682 34,622 38,572 30,954
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 42,650 21,530 21,115 9,610 4,370 5,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 11,730 6,525 5,200 2,595 1,235 1,360
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,897 53,028 37,496 47,568 51,105 43,897
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,693 62,228 42,985 52,200 57,211 47,652
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 80.5 84.6 73.9 78.9 82.0 75.2
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.9 68.2 59.8 60.8 62.0 59.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 19.5 15.4 26.1 21.2 18.1 24.8
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 42,645 21,530 21,115 9,510 4,355 5,160
Without total income 1,200 460 740 345 160 190
With total income 41,450 21,070 20,380 9,170 4,200 4,970
Percentage with total income 97.2 97.9 96.5 96.4 96.4 96.3
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,910 1,670 3,235 1,240 495 750
$10,000 to $19,999 8,270 3,055 5,210 1,770 575 1,195
$20,000 to $29,999 6,530 2,780 3,750 1,650 655 995
$30,000 to $39,999 5,800 3,045 2,760 1,265 625 635
$40,000 to $49,999 5,095 3,025 2,070 900 510 395
$50,000 to $59,999 3,595 2,330 1,265 785 410 375
$60,000 to $69,999 2,100 1,400 705 480 275 210
$70,000 to $79,999 1,595 950 640 370 205 165
$80,000 to $89,999 995 720 270 280 160 125
$90,000 to $99,999 810 630 180 125 75 50
$100,000 and over 1,760 1,465 295 285 225 65
$100,000 to $149,999 1,380 1,175 205 195 145 55
$150,000 and over 375 285 90 95 80 15
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 42,650 21,530 21,115 9,510 4,355 5,160
Without after-tax income 1,180 460 725 345 155 190
With after-tax income 41,465 21,075 20,395 9,165 4,200 4,970
Percentage with after-tax income 97.2 97.9 96.6 96.4 96.4 96.3
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,165 1,700 3,465 1,290 495 795
$10,000 to $19,999 8,660 3,215 5,445 1,890 635 1,260
$20,000 to $29,999 8,055 3,695 4,365 1,890 780 1,110
$30,000 to $39,999 7,330 4,140 3,190 1,420 765 660
$40,000 to $49,999 5,200 3,345 1,855 1,100 580 520
$50,000 to $59,999 2,835 1,825 1,010 665 385 280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,735 1,155 580 460 240 220
$70,000 to $79,999 1,125 895 225 195 115 75
$80,000 and over 1,355 1,110 250 255 205 55
$80,000 to $89,999 565 475 85 85 65 25
$90,000 to $99,999 285 240 40 45 35 10
$100,000 and over 505 385 120 125 105 20
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 42,650 21,530 21,115 9,515 4,355 5,160
Without employment income 13,845 5,710 8,135 3,650 1,480 2,175
With employment income 28,800 15,815 12,980 5,865 2,875 2,985
Percentage with employment income 67.5 73.5 61.5 61.6 66.0 57.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,990 2,150 1,845 820 395 425
$5,000 to $9,999 2,475 1,020 1,460 560 245 315
$10,000 to $19,999 4,590 1,890 2,695 920 390 530
$20,000 to $29,999 3,950 1,825 2,120 890 405 485
$30,000 to $39,999 3,505 1,860 1,650 625 315 315
$40,000 to $49,999 2,810 1,735 1,075 490 250 235
$50,000 to $59,999 2,085 1,405 680 445 210 230
$60,000 to $69,999 1,345 895 450 315 175 135
$70,000 to $79,999 1,260 765 500 300 160 140
$80,000 and over 2,785 2,270 515 495 325 170
$80,000 to $89,999 780 590 185 205 110 90
$90,000 to $99,999 655 520 135 95 50 45
$100,000 and over 1,355 1,160 195 200 165 35
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 22,905 ... ... 5,165 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 58,076 ... ... 53,109 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 51,031 ... ... 47,326 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,095 ... ... 1,730 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,885 ... ... 27,144 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,377 ... ... 25,240 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 15,815 ... ... 3,435 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,944 ... ... 70,051 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 63,933 ... ... 62,223 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 22,910 ... ... 5,165 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,725 ... ... 64,942 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,270 ... ... 55,652 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,080 ... ... 1,690 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,323 ... ... 34,697 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,852 ... ... 30,035 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 15,825 ... ... 3,480 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,116 ... ... 79,623 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,984 ... ... 68,086 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 22,910 ... ... 5,165 ... ...
Under $5,000 150 ... ... 60 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 295 ... ... 160 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 800 ... ... 120 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,255 ... ... 370 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,165 ... ... 335 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,000 ... ... 310 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,450 ... ... 280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,195 ... ... 285 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,190 ... ... 265 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,160 ... ... 245 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,220 ... ... 520 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,890 ... ... 360 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,620 ... ... 355 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,400 ... ... 275 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,165 ... ... 200 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,940 ... ... 1,015 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,140 ... ... 445 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,320 ... ... 235 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,035 ... ... 245 ... ...
$200,000 and over 440 ... ... 105 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 22,910 ... ... 5,165 ... ...
Under $5,000 155 ... ... 65 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 300 ... ... 160 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 800 ... ... 125 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,335 ... ... 390 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,310 ... ... 375 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,235 ... ... 325 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,695 ... ... 330 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,470 ... ... 330 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,480 ... ... 330 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,405 ... ... 335 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,580 ... ... 500 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,100 ... ... 430 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,730 ... ... 335 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,350 ... ... 265 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,120 ... ... 235 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,855 ... ... 630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,655 ... ... 345 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 690 ... ... 160 ... ...
$150,000 and over 505 ... ... 125 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 15,500 ... ... 3,325 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,124 ... ... 70,379 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 64,028 ... ... 62,312 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,510 ... ... 1,515 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,194 ... ... 66,133 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 55,189 ... ... 58,496 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 5,745 ... ... 1,070 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,585 ... ... 101,248 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 86,624 ... ... 86,579 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,945 ... ... 645 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,826 ... ... 42,368 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,938 ... ... 39,616 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 15,515 ... ... 3,370 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,271 ... ... 78,931 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,059 ... ... 67,478 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,510 ... ... 1,515 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,046 ... ... 73,678 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,264 ... ... 62,947 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 5,740 ... ... 1,110 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,868 ... ... 105,167 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,947 ... ... 88,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,950 ... ... 655 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,785 ... ... 47,389 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,106 ... ... 42,761 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 7,990 4,290 3,700 2,040 795 1,250
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,638 33,316 22,744 26,219 28,752 24,853
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,498 29,344 22,080 24,612 25,707 23,856
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 7,930 4,225 3,710 2,010 775 1,235
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,532 40,699 29,645 34,540 37,659 32,590
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,246 33,649 26,368 29,870 32,211 28,406
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 51,175 25,865 25,310 11,030 5,145 5,890
In the bottom half of the distribution 31,115 15,365 15,750 6,715 3,000 3,715
In the bottom decile 3,655 1,700 1,955 1,395 585 815
In the second decile 6,110 2,780 3,325 1,515 625 895
In the third decile 6,990 3,485 3,505 1,365 620 750
In the fourth decile 7,275 3,735 3,540 1,265 610 655
In the fifth decile 7,085 3,665 3,420 1,165 565 605
In the top half of the distribution 20,055 10,495 9,565 4,315 2,145 2,175
In the sixth decile 6,210 3,225 2,980 1,155 555 605
In the seventh decile 5,245 2,725 2,520 1,130 570 560
In the eighth decile 4,010 2,085 1,925 895 440 455
In the ninth decile 2,980 1,600 1,385 710 360 350
In the top decile 1,610 860 755 425 220 205
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 51,170 25,860 25,310 11,030 5,140 5,890
0 to 17 years 10,045 5,115 4,935 1,835 950 885
0 to 5 years 3,335 1,735 1,600 585 305 280
18 to 64 years 31,600 16,115 15,485 6,450 2,975 3,470
65 years and over 9,525 4,640 4,890 2,755 1,220 1,535
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,765 3,040 3,720 2,160 870 1,290
0 to 17 years 1,070 530 540 505 260 245
0 to 5 years 330 160 165 215 100 110
18 to 64 years 3,595 1,685 1,910 1,170 460 710
65 years and over 2,095 830 1,270 485 150 335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.2 11.8 14.7 19.6 16.9 21.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.4 10.9 27.5 27.4 27.7
0 to 5 years (%) 9.9 9.2 10.3 36.8 32.8 39.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 10.5 12.3 18.1 15.5 20.5
65 years and over (%) 22.0 17.9 26.0 17.6 12.3 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,235 1,115 1,120 950 405 545
0 to 17 years 330 175 160 250 125 120
0 to 5 years 100 50 50 100 45 50
18 to 64 years 1,795 905 885 655 260 395
65 years and over 110 40 70 50 20 35
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.4 4.3 4.4 8.6 7.9 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 3.3 3.4 3.2 13.6 13.2 13.6
0 to 5 years (%) 3.0 2.9 3.1 17.1 14.8 17.9
18 to 64 years (%) 5.7 5.6 5.7 10.2 8.7 11.4
65 years and over (%) 1.2 0.9 1.4 1.8 1.6 2.3
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 51,170 25,860 25,310 11,130 5,185 5,945
Official languages 51,160 25,850 25,300 11,130 5,190 5,945
English 8,125 4,880 3,245 11,080 5,170 5,910
French 51,115 25,825 25,290 2,230 920 1,310
Non-official languages 865 365 500 280 130 150
Aboriginal languages 40 30 10 25 20 10
Algonquian languages 40 25 15 30 15 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 25 15 0 0 0
Atikamekw 25 20 10 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 15 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 820 335 485 250 110 140
Afro-Asiatic languages 25 10 15 15 15 0
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 25 10 15 15 15 10
Amharic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Arabic 25 10 15 15 10 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 10 10 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 10 10 10 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 25 15 0 40 15 25
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 10 10 0
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 15 10 45 20 25
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 675 270 410 145 50 95
Albanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10 10 0 40 15 25
Baltic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 0 0 0 40 15 20
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0 25 10 15
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 10 0 0 10 10 10
Russian 0 0 0 10 10 10
Serbian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0 10 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 35 20 15 55 20 35
Afrikaans 0 0 0 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dutch 0 0 0 10 0 10
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 30 15 10 40 20 25
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 10 0 0 0 10
Swedish 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 10 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 0 0 0 20 0 15
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 0 20 0 10
Bengali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Urdu 0 0 0 0 0 10
Iranian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 650 255 400 25 15 10
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 50 40 10 0 0 0
Portuguese 20 10 10 0 0 0
Romanian 15 0 10 0 0 0
Spanish 595 220 370 30 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 15 10 10 10 0 10
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 10 0 0 0
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0 10 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wolof 10 0 0 0 0 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 55 15 40 0 0 10
American Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 45 10 35 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 0 10 0 25 20 10
Chinese languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Cantonese 0 0 0 0 10 10
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0 15 15 0
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 51,170 25,865 25,310 11,130 5,185 5,945
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 50,975 25,770 25,205 11,045 5,155 5,895
Canadian citizens aged under 18 10,065 5,200 4,865 1,895 990 910
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 40,905 20,570 20,335 9,145 4,160 4,985
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 195 95 105 85 30 50
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 51,170 25,860 25,310 11,130 5,185 5,940
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 50,660 25,640 25,020 10,810 5,030 5,775
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 450 180 265 310 145 165
Before 1981 80 55 25 170 85 85
1981 to 1990 20 10 15 30 15 20
1991 to 2000 90 35 60 35 20 10
2001 to 2010 160 55 100 40 20 20
2001 to 2005 60 20 35 15 10 10
2006 to 2010 100 35 65 20 10 10
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 100 30 65 40 10 30
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 65 40 25 15 10 10
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 450 185 265 310 150 165
Under 5 years 175 50 125 50 25 30
5 to 14 years 80 30 50 75 35 40
15 to 24 years 35 20 15 40 15 20
25 to 44 years 150 75 75 125 65 65
45 years and over 20 10 10 20 10 10
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 450 180 270 310 145 165
Americas 100 50 50 40 15 25
Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haiti 30 20 20 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mexico 50 15 35 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 15 15 0 40 20 20
Other places of birth in Americas 0 10 0 0 0 0
Europe 170 90 75 155 65 90
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0 0 0 0
France 65 35 25 10 10 10
Germany 0 0 0 20 10 0
Greece 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0 0 0 10
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 10 10 0
Italy 30 20 10 0 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0 10 0 0
Poland 0 0 0 10 10 10
Portugal 0 0 0 0 0 0
Romania 15 10 10 0 0 0
Russian Federation 10 10 10 0 0 0
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 10 0 0
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 0 0 0 65 30 45
Other places of birth in Europe 50 25 25 20 10 15
Africa 70 30 40 20 15 0
Algeria 10 10 0 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0 0 0 0
Morocco 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 0 10 0
Other places of birth in Africa 50 15 40 15 0 0
Asia 110 10 100 90 40 50
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0 0 0 0
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 80 0 85 10 10 0
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 0 0 0
India 0 0 0 0 0 0
IranCensus data footnote 61 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 10 10 0 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Philippines 0 0 0 50 20 25
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 15 10 10
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 15 0 10 15 10 0
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 0 0 0 10 0 10
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 100 30 65 40 15 30
Americas 35 10 25 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mexico 35 10 25 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 0 0 0 0 0 0
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0
Europe 20 10 10 10 0 10
France 15 10 10 10 0 10
Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 0 0 0
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0 0 0