Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, Census division [Census division], Ontario and Saskatchewan [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CDR
Ontario
[Census division]
Saskatchewan

[Province]
Data quality , Ottawa, Census division [Census division], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, Census division [Census division], Ontario Data quality : Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,098,352  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,033,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 495,582  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 588,243.54  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,370 1,098,350 545,785 552,565
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,495 215,685 110,410 105,275
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,065 73,130 37,335 35,795
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 74,460 38,155 36,305
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 68,095 34,920 33,175
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,385 324,035 712,240 358,110 354,130
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 67,660 34,675 32,980
20 to 24 years 68,650 34,575 34,075 70,060 36,075 33,985
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 77,525 39,290 38,235
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,110 31,565 77,520 38,610 38,915
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,325 31,245 71,590 35,940 35,650
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 64,950 32,515 32,440
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 63,580 31,780 31,795
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 75,245 37,230 38,015
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 76,195 38,070 38,125
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,480 28,510 67,915 33,935 33,985
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 170,425 77,265 93,160
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 53,230 26,285 26,945
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,795 18,080 37,740 18,225 19,510
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,460 29,400 13,415 15,985
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 23,115 9,945 13,170
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,845 26,940 9,395 17,550
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,475 7,245 16,280 6,305 9,975
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 8,000 2,515 5,485
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 2,290 520 1,760
100 years and over 230 30 195 375 50 325
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 19.6 20.2 19.1
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 64.8 65.6 64.1
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 15.5 14.2 16.9
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.5 1.7 3.2
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 39.1 38.2 40.0
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 37.8 36.9 38.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 158,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 314,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 20,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 79,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 105,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 124,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 153,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 58,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 55,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 30,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 916,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,070,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,560 374,690 403,870 882,670 435,375 447,290
Married or living common law 437,500 218,700 218,790 520,430 261,075 259,355
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 437,875 219,800 218,075
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 82,550 41,270 41,280
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,990 185,080 362,240 174,310 187,930
Never married 236,315 123,420 112,900 242,070 133,750 108,325
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 19,795 8,945 10,855
Divorced 46,005 16,540 29,460 47,180 20,985 26,200
Widowed 37,735 7,535 30,200 53,190 10,635 42,555
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 123,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 54,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 53,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 22,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 213,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 177,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 35,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 32,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 8,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 99,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 113,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 42,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 49,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 21,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 24,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 12,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 187,765 95,550 92,210
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 243,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 285,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 124,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 105,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,370 449,335 474,035 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 1,023,400 511,940 511,460
French only 12,680 5,070 7,610 535 255 280
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,885 51,360 23,290 28,065
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 7,945 3,620 4,325
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,375 449,330 474,035 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
English 749,720 370,360 379,360 1,060,225 528,155 532,075
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 13,555 6,590 6,960
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 1,770 890 885
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,145 7,685 3,475 4,220
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,555 68,635 80,915 14,435 7,035 7,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,370 449,330 474,040 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,380 1,064,675 530,145 534,530
Official languages 689,295 338,895 350,405 907,715 452,955 454,760
English 562,075 280,200 281,870 892,615 445,635 446,985
French 127,220 58,695 68,535 15,100 7,320 7,775
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 156,960 77,195 79,770
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 28,340 13,685 14,660
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 19,965 9,640 10,325
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 19,015 9,190 9,825
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 5 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 5 5 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 5 30 15 10
Plains Cree 10 5 5 2,080 975 1,105
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 5 5 5
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 250 115 135
Woods Cree 5 5 0 780 370 410
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 45 15,860 7,710 8,155
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 5 0 5
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 5 10 5 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 100 35 65 935 445 490
Algonquin 25 10 20 0 0 0
Ojibway 65 25 45 925 440 485
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 7,860 3,800 4,060
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 7,860 3,805 4,055
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 5 7,855 3,800 4,055
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 325 110 220 35 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 20 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 25 10 10 0 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 235 110 125
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 5 0 5 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 230 110 120
Dakota 0 0 0 195 85 105
Stoney 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 128,620 63,510 65,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,145 6,770 3,560 3,215
Berber languages 375 195 180 10 5 0
Kabyle 245 130 115 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 70 60 10 5 0
Cushitic languages 6,665 2,875 3,785 1,050 505 545
Bilen 50 25 25 55 25 30
Oromo 215 120 95 195 100 90
Somali 6,305 2,685 3,615 775 355 415
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 25 15 10
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,155 5,685 3,035 2,650
Amharic 1,455 680 770 290 140 155
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 4,040 2,200 1,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 305 160 145
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 150 75 75
Harari 55 25 30 5 0 0
Hebrew 355 190 165 75 45 30
Maltese 30 10 20 10 5 5
Tigrigna 905 440 465 680 340 340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 130 65 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 25 15 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,040 3,230 3,815 2,560 1,250 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 615 135 70 70
Vietnamese 5,935 2,735 3,195 2,420 1,180 1,235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,945 23,415 11,130 12,280
Bikol 30 15 20 85 40 40
Cebuano 365 125 240 1,545 685 855
Fijian 0 0 0 25 20 5
Hiligaynon 110 40 75 255 120 140
Ilocano 575 225 345 790 370 415
Malagasy 55 25 30 0 0 0
Malay 395 160 235 125 55 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 5 15 175 80 95
Pangasinan 25 15 15 40 15 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 20,045 9,590 10,455
Waray-Waray 40 15 30 60 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 80 265 125 140
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,430 220 105 120
Haitian Creole 290 130 165 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,530 2,175 150 70 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 65 30 35
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 1,560 865 700
Kannada 220 115 110 60 35 30
Malayalam 660 345 315 850 455 395
Tamil 2,415 1,225 1,185 350 200 150
Telugu 490 270 220 285 165 120
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 10 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,445 45,670 73,170 36,230 36,930
Albanian 660 320 335 380 190 190
Armenian 465 240 225 70 40 30
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 18,460 8,490 9,970
Baltic languages 455 195 265 175 85 90
Latvian 250 115 135 100 45 50
Lithuanian 210 85 120 75 40 35
Slavic languages 19,810 8,885 10,930 18,285 8,400 9,885
Belarusan 40 20 20 0 0 0
Bosnian 600 275 330 225 110 120
Bulgarian 850 395 455 65 35 30
Croatian 1,000 465 535 455 240 220
Czech 915 405 505 235 115 125
Macedonian 60 30 35 55 30 30
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 1,865 850 1,015
Russian 6,155 2,680 3,470 3,045 1,460 1,580
Serbian 1,705 815 890 465 235 225
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 120 60 65
Slovak 575 260 315 115 60 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 120 80 40 45
Ukrainian 1,635 700 935 11,270 5,035 6,230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 290 145 145
Celtic languages 115 55 60 60 30 30
Scottish Gaelic 40 25 20 10 5 5
Welsh 50 20 35 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 25 10 5
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,700 24,455 11,710 12,745
Afrikaans 160 75 80 880 450 430
Danish 300 135 165 255 145 110
Dutch 2,215 1,065 1,155 1,385 685 700
Frisian 35 15 20 30 20 10
German 5,275 2,340 2,935 21,320 10,150 11,170
Icelandic 20 5 10 55 20 25
Norwegian 135 55 75 310 140 165
Swedish 275 145 135 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 40 60 25 35
Yiddish 180 100 75 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 5 0
Greek 2,115 1,105 1,005 935 490 445
Indo-Iranian languages 26,970 13,590 13,375 22,335 12,065 10,270
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,090 19,995 10,780 9,210
Bengali 3,260 1,615 1,640 2,795 1,495 1,300
Gujarati 1,470 760 705 2,510 1,420 1,090
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 1,545 880 665
Kashmiri 25 10 10 20 10 10
Konkani 105 55 55 35 15 10
Marathi 290 145 140 140 80 55
Nepali 925 440 485 770 400 370
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 15 25 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,880 5,250 2,890 2,360
Sindhi 265 125 145 120 65 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 390 420 270 130 135
Urdu 4,405 2,225 2,185 6,520 3,380 3,135
Iranian languages 8,530 4,275 4,255 2,065 1,130 940
Kurdish 655 340 310 145 80 65
Pashto 1,025 520 510 555 315 235
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 1,370 735 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 275 155 120
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,765 6,470 3,225 3,250
Catalan 30 15 15 5 0 0
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 705 365 340
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 615 265 350
Romanian 2,565 1,165 1,400 850 425 430
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 4,290 2,165 2,125
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 10 5 5
Japanese 990 300 690 320 100 220
Kartvelian languages 30 10 20 5 5 5
Georgian 30 10 25 5 0 5
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 1,670 800 865
Mongolic languages 30 15 15 40 20 25
Mongolian 35 15 15 40 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,015 2,310 1,235 1,075
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 190 115 75
Bamanankan 75 30 45 0 0 5
Edo 35 15 20 35 20 15
Ewe 75 25 50 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 50 55 25 15 5
Ga 60 30 25 20 15 5
Ganda 125 60 65 35 15 20
Igbo 180 90 90 215 125 90
Lingala 320 120 205 30 20 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 480 145 85 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 415 115 55 60
Shona 110 40 70 90 55 40
Swahili 1,095 490 615 425 220 205
Wolof 80 40 45 20 10 10
Yoruba 235 125 115 465 240 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 550 430 220 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 335 195 140
Dinka 90 40 45 115 70 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 220 120 100
Sign languages 225 105 120 200 100 100
American Sign Language 80 30 45 65 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 5 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 75 65 135 70 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,840 17,105 13,500 6,700 6,795
Chinese languages 31,130 14,440 16,690 12,460 6,165 6,290
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 3,775 1,830 1,950
Hakka 155 65 90 35 20 15
Mandarin 18,575 8,570 10,005 7,230 3,600 3,630
Min Dong 50 20 30 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 210 110 100
Wu (Shanghainese) 440 200 240 60 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 525 1,135 570 565
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 810 395 415 1,040 530 505
Burmese 230 115 110 180 115 65
Karenic languages 325 155 170 810 395 415
Tibetan 95 50 40 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 35 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 525 235 290
Lao 345 155 190 345 175 170
Thai 340 90 255 180 55 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 360 185 175
Azerbaijani 120 70 50 25 10 10
Turkish 1,390 705 685 290 155 130
Uyghur 10 5 5 5 0 5
Uzbek 65 30 35 30 5 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 15 10 10
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 1,555 735 820
Estonian 155 70 80 20 10 10
Finnish 305 120 180 205 85 120
Hungarian 1,595 770 825 1,330 650 685
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 80 60 100 55 45
Multiple responses 33,655 16,000 17,655 18,560 8,955 9,605
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 2,045 985 1,060
English and non-official language 15,130 7,335 7,795 15,925 7,675 8,245
French and non-official language 3,820 1,730 2,085 315 150 165
English, French and non-official language 2,410 1,110 1,305 280 145 135
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,330 474,040 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
Single responses 866,215 422,345 443,870 1,049,130 522,390 526,740
Official languages 766,805 375,535 391,270 968,625 481,845 486,780
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 964,640 479,915 484,730
French 85,910 38,945 46,970 3,985 1,930 2,050
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,595 80,505 40,540 39,960
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 16,605 8,355 8,245
Algonquian languages 75 30 40 10,145 5,185 4,960
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 10,000 5,105 4,895
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,195 580 610
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 5 95 40 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 180 100 85
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 15 8,525 4,380 4,145
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 5 140 75 65
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 145 80 70
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,235
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 6,365 3,130 3,230
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,230
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 55 80 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 50 70 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 45 20 25
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 50 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 35 15 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,195 46,715 52,475 63,905 32,185 31,720
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 4,625 2,340 2,290
Berber languages 220 105 110 0 0 0
Kabyle 185 85 95 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,855 1,580 2,275 720 335 380
Bilen 30 15 10 30 15 15
Oromo 130 70 65 140 75 70
Somali 3,640 1,475 2,165 530 245 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 15 5 5
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,420 3,900 1,995 1,905
Amharic 840 400 445 150 75 70
Arabic 19,100 9,455 9,645 2,890 1,500 1,390
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 225 105 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 115 60 55
Harari 20 10 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 75 60 25 10 15
Maltese 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 430 205 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 70 40 30
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,240 1,740 850 895
Khmer (Cambodian) 465 195 260 40 20 25
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 1,700 830 865
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 12,515 6,210 6,300
Bikol 0 5 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 125 55 70 580 280 295
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 110 60 50
Ilocano 230 105 120 240 115 120
Malagasy 15 10 5 0 0 0
Malay 120 50 70 35 20 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 70 35 35
Pangasinan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,610 11,345 5,630 5,715
Waray-Waray 10 5 10 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 95 50 45
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 95 35 65
Haitian Creole 155 65 85 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 65 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 35 10 20
Dravidian languages 1,845 910 940 845 440 410
Kannada 75 45 35 20 10 10
Malayalam 280 150 135 525 265 260
Tamil 1,285 615 665 155 90 65
Telugu 195 105 90 145 75 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,275 17,650 19,625 31,235 15,915 15,325
Albanian 300 140 155 205 100 100
Armenian 205 95 110 45 25 20
Balto-Slavic languages 8,920 4,195 4,730 5,170 2,560 2,610
Baltic languages 105 45 60 80 35 45
Latvian 55 25 30 40 20 20
Lithuanian 50 20 25 40 15 25
Slavic languages 8,815 4,145 4,670 5,090 2,525 2,560
Belarusan 20 10 10 0 0 0
Bosnian 305 150 155 85 45 40
Bulgarian 400 190 210 35 20 15
Croatian 330 150 180 170 85 85
Czech 205 95 110 30 20 15
Macedonian 15 5 5 35 15 15
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 480 220 255
Russian 3,620 1,695 1,935 1,725 875 840
Serbian 1,000 495 505 270 140 130
Serbo-Croatian 200 100 95 45 20 25
Slovak 195 90 100 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 5 5 0
Ukrainian 510 235 275 2,010 985 1,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 170 80 90
Celtic languages 10 10 0 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 0 5
Welsh 5 0 0 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 915 420 495 8,110 3,990 4,120
Afrikaans 40 20 20 530 275 250
Danish 20 10 15 10 5 0
Dutch 145 65 75 200 110 95
Frisian 5 0 0 5 0 0
German 630 275 350 7,290 3,565 3,725
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 15 5 5 10 5 10
Swedish 55 35 15 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Yiddish 15 5 5 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Greek 620 295 325 395 190 205
Indo-Iranian languages 14,670 7,155 7,510 14,385 7,560 6,825
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,745 4,850 12,960 6,820 6,140
Bengali 1,945 935 1,010 1,915 980 930
Gujarati 610 310 300 1,585 865 720
Hindi 1,285 650 635 880 490 390
Kashmiri 5 0 5 5 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 10 5 5
Marathi 110 50 60 55 30 30
Nepali 735 355 370 570 290 275
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,110 1,085 3,485 1,885 1,605
Sindhi 60 25 35 55 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 385 190 195 140 70 70
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 4,265 2,180 2,080
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 1,280 660 615
Kurdish 370 190 180 65 40 30
Pashto 645 310 335 345 185 160
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 865 435 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 150 80 65
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 2,920 1,480 1,435
Catalan 20 5 10 0 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 155 80 75
Portuguese 1,850 865 985 220 100 115
Romanian 1,195 555 635 315 165 150
Spanish 6,070 2,800 3,270 2,220 1,130 1,085
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 0 5
Japanese 385 135 245 120 45 75
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Georgian 10 5 5 0 0 0
Korean 1,145 525 615 1,180 590 595
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 25 10 10
Mongolian 15 10 5 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 655 825 735 350 380
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 55 30 25
Bamanankan 15 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 10 0 5
Ewe 25 5 10 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 15 20 10 10
Ga 10 10 10 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 10 5 5
Igbo 55 25 30 40 15 20
Lingala 70 20 50 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 130 130 85 45 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 35 15 25
Shona 20 15 10 35 25 15
Swahili 380 175 205 200 90 110
Wolof 30 15 15 0 5 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 115 55 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 65 80 100 45 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 135 65 70
Dinka 25 15 15 65 30 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 70 35 40
Sign languages 310 165 145 285 175 105
American Sign Language 105 50 60 50 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 15 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 110 85 230 150 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,040 9,955 11,090 9,700 4,835 4,865
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,785 8,925 4,450 4,475
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 2,400 1,140 1,265
Hakka 45 15 30 5 0 0
Mandarin 13,450 6,435 7,020 5,645 2,865 2,780
Min Dong 15 10 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 285 115 170 80 45 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 30 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 760 385 380
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 775 380 395
Burmese 150 65 75 115 65 55
Karenic languages 250 120 130 640 310 335
Tibetan 70 40 35 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 155 190 85 105
Lao 165 70 95 125 60 60
Thai 95 30 65 70 25 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 420 440 195 100 95
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 5 5 5
Turkish 745 360 385 170 90 85
Uyghur 0 5 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 15 20 10 5 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 5 5 0 5
Uralic languages 500 235 265 240 125 120
Estonian 20 10 10 10 0 5
Finnish 35 15 20 15 10 5
Hungarian 445 210 235 215 110 105
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 45 25 20
Multiple responses 57,165 26,990 30,170 34,110 16,720 17,395
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 1,210 575 635
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 32,250 15,810 16,435
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 150 85 70
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,125 2,555 495 250 250
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 1,083,235 539,100 544,130
None 705,915 348,060 357,855 983,935 490,490 493,450
English 80,960 38,225 42,740 41,920 21,045 20,875
French 59,935 27,450 32,485 9,340 4,085 5,255
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 46,495 22,705 23,785
Aboriginal 405 150 255 13,490 6,445 7,050
Non-Aboriginal 67,255 31,410 35,840 33,005 16,265 16,740
English and French 2,600 1,220 1,380 170 85 85
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,285 860 440 420
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 495 245 255
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,955 857,270 424,245 433,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,490 376,785 822,620 407,715 414,905
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 38,299 46,117 31,978
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,535 351,520 377,015 822,745 407,730 415,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 34,570 40,492 29,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,310 324,735 338,580 750,515 378,290 372,225
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 36,883 45,587 29,314
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,970 550,165 236,760 313,405
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 5,340 4,200 5,870
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,065 636,955 331,975 304,970
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 36,612 44,551 30,027
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,445 393,970 857,300 424,265 433,030
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,085 351,200 376,880 822,545 407,840 414,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 49,409 58,791 40,184
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,360 351,215 377,145 822,655 407,855 414,800
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 40,933 47,453 34,523
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,595 324,535 339,065 750,475 378,445 372,035
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 48,491 58,779 38,026
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,905 279,880 549,500 236,590 312,910
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 7,734 7,322 8,045
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 636,950 331,745 305,205
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 46,853 55,728 37,207
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,445 393,970 857,295 424,260 433,030
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 302,780 173,250 129,525
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 55,368 62,070 48,579
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 64,855 72,366 54,808
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 89.5 92.8 84.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 73.2 76.8 68.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 10.5 7.2 15.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,465 393,955 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without total income 33,150 15,975 17,175 34,645 16,530 18,120
With total income 728,275 351,490 376,785 822,620 407,715 414,905
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,460 53,735 105,780 47,325 58,455
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 118,380 46,195 72,180
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,870 45,140 107,890 42,345 65,545
$30,000 to $39,999 66,625 28,955 37,675 95,605 41,315 54,295
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 89,285 42,260 47,025
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 70,395 36,950 33,450
$60,000 to $69,999 51,610 25,380 26,225 53,855 31,055 22,795
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,150 41,930 25,290 16,645
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 34,305 20,750 13,560
$90,000 to $99,999 32,275 17,195 15,070 26,165 16,100 10,060
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 79,030 58,125 20,905
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 56,160 40,025 16,140
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,555 22,870 18,100 4,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,465 393,955 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without after-tax income 32,885 15,940 16,940 34,520 16,515 18,010
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 822,745 407,730 415,015
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,295 57,195 108,310 48,150 60,160
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,285 123,690 48,420 75,275
$20,000 to $29,999 89,990 38,510 51,475 125,285 50,160 75,125
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,860 46,105 119,460 54,365 65,100
$40,000 to $49,999 78,230 35,235 43,000 103,250 52,900 50,350
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 73,855 42,315 31,540
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 53,925 32,645 21,280
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,710 21,060 38,615 23,385 15,235
$80,000 and over 93,820 61,380 32,440 76,345 55,395 20,950
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 24,935 16,370 8,560
$90,000 to $99,999 19,255 12,495 6,765 16,260 11,815 4,445
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,305 35,155 27,210 7,945
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 220,320 92,270 128,055
With employment income 546,025 274,955 271,065 636,950 331,980 304,970
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 74.3 78.3 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,650 34,540 82,210 38,805 43,410
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 46,620 20,310 26,310
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,695 35,620 77,480 33,900 43,575
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,090 68,175 29,285 38,885
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,215 23,600 66,120 29,825 36,295
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 61,800 29,930 31,870
$50,000 to $59,999 40,780 18,705 22,075 51,075 27,565 23,510
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 39,805 23,605 16,195
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,290 32,265 20,015 12,255
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,325 111,405 78,745 32,665
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,085 28,240 17,220 11,020
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,275 21,415 13,645 7,770
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 61,750 47,885 13,870
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 156,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 37,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 120,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 46,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,656  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,749  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,031  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,889  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,718  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,370 78,425 161,805 82,400 79,405
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 35,875 40,000 32,247
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 32,415 35,306 29,777
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 161,560 82,510 79,050
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 45,756 49,739 41,598
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 38,229 40,766 35,581
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,745 167,740 184,005 506,055 243,040 263,010
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,940 44,520 111,770 55,530 56,245
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 104,900 46,610 58,285
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,330 94,035 44,535 49,500
In the fourth decile 63,430 30,120 33,305 96,045 47,015 49,030
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 99,300 49,350 49,950
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,335 564,505 290,345 274,160
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 104,200 52,705 51,495
In the seventh decile 92,475 44,840 47,635 109,400 55,670 53,725
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 115,215 59,255 55,965
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,030 121,965 62,875 59,085
In the top decile 145,010 73,280 71,730 113,730 59,840 53,885
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 1,014,605 505,225 509,380
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,495 92,200 230,205 117,925 112,275
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 79,345 40,700 38,645
18 to 64 years 596,805 290,300 306,500 631,280 316,125 315,155
65 years and over 132,360 60,715 71,640 153,120 71,180 81,950
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,175 54,570 60,605 130,220 60,375 69,845
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,525 41,010 20,960 20,050
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 15,420 7,850 7,575
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 67,080 31,315 35,765
65 years and over 12,455 4,890 7,560 22,130 8,100 14,025
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 12.8 12.0 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 17.8 17.8 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 19.4 19.3 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 10.6 9.9 11.3
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 14.5 11.4 17.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,920 48,130 50,790 59,440 29,890 29,545
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 17,870 9,140 8,735
0 to 5 years 7,775 4,065 3,710 7,005 3,540 3,465
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 38,775 19,470 19,305
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 2,795 1,280 1,510
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 5.9 5.9 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 7.8 7.8 7.8
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 8.8 8.7 9.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 6.1 6.2 6.1
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,855 446,515 470,340 1,070,560 533,385 537,175
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 1,062,885 529,920 532,965
English 890,730 436,345 454,390 1,062,275 529,630 532,645
French 358,170 163,505 194,670 51,325 23,600 27,725
Non-official languages 276,220 129,515 146,710 187,450 91,805 95,645
Aboriginal languages 1,140 430 705 38,110 18,390 19,720
Algonquian languages 490 195 295 28,270 13,675 14,590
Blackfoot 0 0 10 10 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 85 125 27,065 13,115 13,950
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 10 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 40 30 15
Plains Cree 10 10 10 3,665 1,770 1,900
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 470 185 285
Woods Cree 15 10 10 1,260 570 695
Cree, n.o.s. 80 35 50 21,870 10,695 11,175
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 20 15 0 0 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 1,310 620 695
Algonquin 45 20 20 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 75 125 1,300 610 690
Oji-Cree 15 0 10 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 9,120 4,350 4,770
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 15 9,105 4,345 4,760
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 10 10 9,105 4,350 4,755
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 580 220 365 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 10 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 40 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 505 240 260
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 510 255 250
Dakota 0 0 0 415 205 210
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,110 146,030 149,475 73,470 76,000
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,685 8,595 4,585 4,015
Berber languages 545 285 255 40 35 0
Kabyle 415 220 195 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 30 25 0
Cushitic languages 9,305 4,160 5,140 1,305 620 690
Bilen 90 55 35 85 40 45
Oromo 380 175 210 160 70 90
Somali 8,770 3,895 4,875 1,090 520 570
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,705 26,900 25,815 7,500 4,075 3,425
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 545 255 290
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 5,605 3,165 2,435
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 505 240 265
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 100
Harari 35 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,870 1,010 860 470 245 230
Maltese 60 25 40 0 0 0
Tigrigna 1,170 490 680 705 350 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 245 120 125
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 70 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,695 4,100 4,595 3,315 1,685 1,635
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 840 210 105 105
Vietnamese 7,210 3,445 3,775 3,105 1,580 1,525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,160 3,765 6,390 29,705 14,065 15,640
Bikol 30 10 15 90 30 55
Cebuano 570 210 355 2,115 945 1,170
Fijian 10 0 10 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 285 130 150
Ilocano 700 300 400 785 365 415
Malagasy 100 50 50 10 0 0
Malay 615 270 345 215 95 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 265 130 135
Pangasinan 60 25 35 45 25 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 28,655 13,575 15,080
Waray-Waray 35 10 30 35 25 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 55 60 300 145 155
Creole languages 9,355 3,925 5,435 495 230 270
Haitian Creole 445 165 280 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 240 95 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 280 350 250 125 120
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,550 2,505 2,190 1,205 980
Kannada 465 235 235 115 65 55
Malayalam 835 375 460 1,170 625 540
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,625 635 345 290
Telugu 795 420 375 435 270 165
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 15 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 81,985 40,685 41,300
Albanian 785 380 405 560 275 285
Armenian 665 350 310 115 65 45
Balto-Slavic languages 24,535 11,205 13,325 20,395 9,470 10,925
Baltic languages 530 225 305 225 120 110
Latvian 260 110 155 135 60 70
Lithuanian 270 120 145 95 60 35
Slavic languages 24,090 11,010 13,080 20,265 9,400 10,860
Belarusan 125 60 65 20 0 15
Bosnian 1,030 475 555 325 155 165
Bulgarian 1,050 485 560 75 40 35
Croatian 1,830 900 930 605 355 250
Czech 1,320 570 750 300 155 150
Macedonian 95 30 60 65 35 35
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,565 2,185 1,040 1,145
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,930 5,275 2,585 2,690
Serbian 2,075 1,010 1,065 790 410 385
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 80 30 50
Slovak 910 385 525 125 85 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 125 140 105 50 50
Ukrainian 2,285 960 1,330 13,090 5,770 7,325
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 15 40 345 205 140
Celtic languages 395 190 205 165 105 65
Scottish Gaelic 155 80 80 55 35 25
Welsh 90 35 50 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 160 85 75 70 45 20
Germanic languages 16,750 7,940 8,815 21,275 10,435 10,840
Afrikaans 405 200 205 1,455 750 705
Danish 425 195 235 320 195 125
Dutch 2,850 1,330 1,520 1,510 720 790
Frisian 55 20 35 25 15 15
German 12,200 5,800 6,405 17,390 8,525 8,870
Icelandic 45 25 20 70 40 30
Norwegian 345 145 205 415 180 235
Swedish 600 295 310 230 95 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 35 45 80 25 50
Yiddish 355 185 175 75 35 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 265 135 125
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,550 1,470 725 745
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,405 27,395 14,650 12,740
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,680 25,355 13,530 11,825
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 3,520 1,895 1,620
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 3,320 1,760 1,555
Hindi 10,340 5,350 4,980 8,040 4,480 3,560
Kashmiri 10 0 0 40 25 20
Konkani 140 75 65 40 30 15
Marathi 560 310 255 185 120 70
Nepali 1,275 640 635 835 435 400
Oriya (Odia) 70 45 30 25 15 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 8,300 4,635 3,665
Sindhi 500 220 275 180 105 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,070 485 585 355 205 150
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,575 9,455 4,815 4,635
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 2,285 1,240 1,040
Kurdish 755 395 355 145 90 60
Pashto 1,400 755 645 555 315 240
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,320 1,630 870 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 85 275 135 140
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 12,660 6,085 6,570
Catalan 80 30 50 0 10 0
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 1,360 670 690
Portuguese 6,115 2,995 3,125 885 380 505
Romanian 2,875 1,345 1,535 1,105 525 575
Spanish 33,070 14,175 18,890 9,605 4,635 4,965
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 40 30 10
Japanese 2,505 1,185 1,320 1,205 540 665
Kartvelian languages 40 20 20 15 0 15
Georgian 40 15 25 15 0 10
Korean 2,580 1,095 1,490 1,930 850 1,080
Mongolic languages 40 25 20 55 20 30
Mongolian 40 25 20 60 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 4,125 2,245 1,885
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 355 185 170
Bamanankan 160 70 85 0 0 10
Edo 95 40 60 20 0 20
Ewe 205 85 125 100 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 65 95 60 45 15
Ga 165 85 80 45 25 15
Ganda 210 65 145 20 10 10
Igbo 300 165 135 625 325 300
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 140 70 65
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 610 915 280 150 130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 125 65 55
Shona 175 60 115 150 90 55
Swahili 3,035 1,325 1,710 950 570 380
Wolof 205 110 95 40 25 15
Yoruba 755 400 355 965 470 495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 815 480 335
Nilo-Saharan languages 320 140 185 300 150 145
Dinka 185 85 105 100 65 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 50 80 195 90 105
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 1,565 585 985
American Sign Language 880 310 570 650 215 435
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 60 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 915 365 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,400 17,190 19,210 14,580 7,115 7,470
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 13,630 6,625 7,005
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 4,675 2,245 2,435
Hakka 265 125 140 30 10 20
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 8,995 4,335 4,660
Min Dong 40 20 25 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 460 565 260 125 135
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 210 45 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 1,245 620 630
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 10 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 920 445 480 960 495 460
Burmese 305 140 160 315 185 130
Karenic languages 370 185 185 635 310 325
Tibetan 55 30 20 30 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 360 150 205 70 25 40
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 635 245 385
Lao 460 200 255 410 170 240
Thai 610 230 385 275 105 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 640 365 285
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 25 20 10
Turkish 2,075 1,035 1,035 530 310 220
Uyghur 40 25 15 0 0 0
Uzbek 80 20 60 60 25 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 60 65 25 10 15
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 1,765 850 915
Estonian 240 115 125 20 15 10
Finnish 480 220 260 360 170 190
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 1,385 670 715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 245 130 340 210 135
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,855 446,520 470,340 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,870 437,670 998,035 496,635 501,395
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,955 90,535 87,425 237,720 121,535 116,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,335 350,245 760,310 375,105 385,210
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 72,525 36,750 35,780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,860 446,515 470,340 1,070,560 533,385 537,170
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 945,810 470,790 475,025
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,240 115,270 112,490 55,800 56,690
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,020 16,650 8,190 8,465
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 5,545 2,670 2,875
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 9,315 4,645 4,665
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 33,045 16,410 16,635
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 8,670 4,165 4,505
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 24,370 12,245 12,130
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,295 15,775 47,935 23,880 24,055
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,095 7,795 7,300 12,255 6,800 5,455
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,500 101,235 115,265 112,495 55,795 56,695
Under 5 years 23,760 11,740 12,010 12,060 6,100 5,965
5 to 14 years 38,620 19,575 19,045 21,295 11,015 10,280
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,395 25,110 19,295 8,990 10,305
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,775 50,945 25,060 25,890
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 8,895 4,635 4,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 112,490 55,800 56,690
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,485 10,765 5,010 5,760
Brazil 985 440 545 185 65 120
Colombia 1,265 485 780 555 275 280
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 630 290 340
Guyana 1,375 635 740 155 75 85
Haiti 6,325 2,615 3,705 65 45 20
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,705 815 425 395
Mexico 1,290 545 750 1,330 665 665
Peru 820 365 455 165 60 100
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 210 105 110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,550 4,845 2,045 2,800
Other places of birth in Americas 6,495 2,920 3,575 1,805 955 845
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 23,640 11,900 11,740
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 775 830 455 215 245
Croatia 805 385 420 445 280 165
France 2,270 1,005 1,260 215 90 125
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,240 2,575 1,280 1,295
Greece 910 480 425 605 325 280
Hungary 825 425 405 395 215 180
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 450 845 490 355
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 570 305 265
Netherlands 1,885 930 960 1,220 585 635
Poland 4,170 1,860 2,310 1,395 690 705
Portugal 1,960 990 970 220 105 120
Romania 2,400 1,130 1,265 695 335 360
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,630 805 345 460
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 875 410 460 585 305 280
Ukraine 1,775 845 935 3,280 1,630 1,650
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 7,020 3,520 3,505
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 2,320 1,195 1,125
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,405 10,285 5,360 4,925
Algeria 1,030 485 545 50 35 15
Egypt 3,415 1,785 1,630 435 230 205
Ethiopia 2,210 1,020 1,195 635 285 355
Kenya 1,065 545 525 425 225 200
Morocco 1,235 570 665 180 95 80
Nigeria 1,265 575 690 1,695 845 855
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,400 635 335 300
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 1,775 920 855
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,030 8,345 4,455 2,390 2,065
Asia 97,175 46,205 50,965 67,120 33,175 33,945
Afghanistan 2,400 1,220 1,180 515 230 285
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 2,575 1,365 1,210
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,400 7,575 9,830 7,485 3,445 4,035
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 765 370 400
India 10,495 5,275 5,225 9,630 5,190