Census Profile, 2016 Census
Durham, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Durham, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Durham, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Durham, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 645,862 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 608,124 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 233,936 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 227,906 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 255.9 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,523.80 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 645,865 314,675 331,190 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 116,185 59,425 56,760 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 35,695 18,205 17,490 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 39,930 20,440 19,490 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 40,560 20,775 19,790 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 436,890 213,685 223,200 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 42,970 21,910 21,055 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 43,235 22,330 20,900 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 37,590 18,860 18,730 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 39,640 19,135 20,505 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 41,400 19,475 21,925 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 43,545 20,880 22,665 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 46,935 22,380 24,555 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 55,045 26,565 28,475 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 48,595 23,935 24,655 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 37,940 18,215 19,725 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 92,790 41,560 51,225 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 31,860 15,085 16,775 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 21,950 10,480 11,475 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 15,785 7,035 8,745 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 11,740 5,090 6,650 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 11,460 3,875 7,580 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 7,320 2,705 4,615 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 3,285 980 2,300 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 750 170 580 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 105 25 80 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.9 17.1 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 67.6 67.9 67.4 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 14.4 13.2 15.5 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 39.6 38.6 40.5 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 40.2 39.0 41.3 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 227,905 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 152,220 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 15,510 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 60,050 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,430 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 24,465 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,650 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 14,230 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 280 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 125 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 227,905 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 44,380 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 69,545 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 41,960 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 44,640 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 27,375 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 639,490 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 529,675 255,250 274,425 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 309,895 154,730 155,170 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 266,470 133,040 133,430 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 43,430 21,690 21,745 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 219,780 100,525 119,260 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 146,925 77,565 69,360 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 16,310 6,540 9,770 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 29,715 10,900 18,815 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 26,830 5,520 21,315 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 186,135 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 80,035 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 43,850 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 44,345 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,900 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 186,135 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 152,285 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 130,585 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 21,705 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 33,850 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 26,910 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 6,940 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 152,285 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 60,435 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 91,845 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 33,525 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 41,335 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 16,990 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 33,850 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 19,595 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 10,330 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 3,925 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 75,950 34,200 41,745 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 227,905 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 169,205 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 54,185 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 115,020 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 8,250 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 50,450 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 44,385 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,070 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 640,985 312,945 328,045 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 588,525 291,225 297,300 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 435 190 245 1,485 680 800
English and French 46,860 19,570 27,290 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 5,175 1,960 3,210 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 640,990 312,940 328,045 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 624,055 305,645 318,410 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 9,705 4,450 5,255 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 2,235 980 1,250 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 5,000 1,870 3,130 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,820 4,940 5,880 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 640,990 312,940 328,050 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 627,700 306,560 321,140 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 529,450 259,625 269,825 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 519,815 255,200 264,610 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 9,635 4,420 5,210 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 98,250 46,940 51,310 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 50 20 30 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 5 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 5 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 98,200 46,915 51,280 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,340 2,810 2,525 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 190 90 105 1,750 875 875
Bilen 0 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 30 15 15 345 175 170
Somali 155 70 85 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 10 0
Semitic languages 5,145 2,720 2,425 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 215 115 100 1,770 885 885
Arabic 4,345 2,305 2,035 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 30 20 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 10 0 0 0
Harari 70 40 35 0 0 0
Hebrew 60 40 20 545 320 225
Maltese 295 145 150 40 20 25
Tigrigna 75 30 40 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 970 425 545 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 20 30 280 135 145
Vietnamese 910 400 510 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,390 3,010 4,380 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 15 5 5 175 80 95
Cebuano 215 80 135 1,245 565 675
Fijian 5 5 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 65 25 40 390 170 220
Ilocano 190 75 110 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 5 0 5 0 0 5
Malay 175 75 100 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 40 35 655 315 340
Pangasinan 15 5 5 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,605 2,695 3,915 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 150 70 85
Creole languages 395 170 220 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 190 90 100 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 75 105 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 8,990 4,385 4,600 1,565 825 735
Kannada 65 35 35 95 50 40
Malayalam 730 360 365 790 410 380
Tamil 7,865 3,820 4,040 480 255 230
Telugu 320 160 155 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 62,745 30,400 32,340 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 220 105 115 350 170 180
Armenian 415 205 210 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 11,115 5,070 6,040 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 230 105 130 165 65 95
Latvian 150 65 85 80 35 45
Lithuanian 80 40 40 85 35 45
Slavic languages 10,880 4,970 5,910 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 10 5 5 40 20 25
Bosnian 40 25 25 575 285 290
Bulgarian 160 70 85 140 70 65
Croatian 545 290 260 1,030 505 530
Czech 280 125 155 615 310 310
Macedonian 1,665 805 865 145 70 75
Polish 4,375 1,920 2,450 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 1,195 510 685 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 570 310 270 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 70 35 30 240 110 130
Slovak 285 110 175 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 290 140 150 270 130 140
Ukrainian 1,335 595 745 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 75 40 30
Celtic languages 70 30 35 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 35 15 20 50 25 20
Welsh 30 10 15 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 6,935 3,130 3,805 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 120 55 65 420 220 205
Danish 190 90 100 280 145 135
Dutch 2,390 1,110 1,280 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 80 35 45 55 30 25
German 3,935 1,745 2,190 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 10 0 10 475 210 260
Norwegian 55 25 30 115 45 65
Swedish 100 45 50 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 15 30 310 125 180
Yiddish 10 5 5 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 2,515 1,285 1,225 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 24,735 12,305 12,430 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 18,940 9,385 9,560 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 1,615 790 830 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 2,725 1,350 1,380 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 1,740 845 890 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 5 0 5 5 5 5
Konkani 85 35 45 35 20 15
Marathi 135 60 75 135 80 50
Nepali 60 25 30 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,500 1,245 1,255 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 325 160 160 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 635 300 335 670 345 320
Urdu 9,095 4,555 4,540 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 5,740 2,895 2,850 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 70 40 30 415 210 200
Pashto 595 305 290 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 5,080 2,545 2,530 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 16,740 8,270 8,475 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 5 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 6,140 3,210 2,930 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 3,500 1,690 1,810 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 1,465 680 785 645 310 335
Spanish 5,625 2,685 2,940 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 5 10
Japanese 225 85 145 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 5 15 5 5
Korean 755 360 395 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 0 5 5 20 5 15
Mongolian 5 5 5 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 1,200 570 630 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 230 115 115 150 90 65
Bamanankan 5 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 50 20 25 40 20 15
Ewe 20 5 10 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 15 65 35 30
Ga 25 10 15 15 10 5
Ganda 15 5 5 50 20 30
Igbo 95 50 45 280 155 130
Lingala 35 20 20 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 250 125 120
Shona 90 40 45 110 50 60
Swahili 175 90 85 870 420 455
Wolof 5 5 0 75 50 25
Yoruba 205 100 105 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 185 85 100 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 15 5 395 215 180
Dinka 0 0 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 225 125 100
Sign languages 145 70 75 440 230 210
American Sign Language 55 25 35 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 85 45 40 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,590 3,470 4,115 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 7,530 3,445 4,080 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 3,145 1,455 1,690 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 145 70 80 55 30 25
Mandarin 3,745 1,705 2,035 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 5 0 5 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 185 85 100 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 45 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 90 130 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 25 35 575 295 285
Burmese 15 5 5 85 50 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 35 15 20 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 200 75 130 1,120 525 595
Lao 55 30 30 875 445 430
Thai 140 45 95 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 280 145 135 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 30 20 15
Turkish 230 120 110 210 120 95
Uyghur 25 15 10 10 5 10
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 25 20
Uralic languages 1,925 905 1,025 1,440 655 790
Estonian 200 100 100 30 10 15
Finnish 295 135 155 225 85 135
Hungarian 1,435 665 770 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 155 85 70
Multiple responses 13,290 6,385 6,905 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 1,865 880 985 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 10,675 5,180 5,500 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 390 170 225 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 360 155 205 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 640,990 312,940 328,045 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 615,010 300,495 314,510 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 573,035 280,475 292,560 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 569,375 278,755 290,615 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 3,660 1,720 1,945 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 41,975 20,025 21,955 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,970 20,025 21,950 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,260 1,105 1,155 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 55 25 30 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 10 5 0 210 95 115
Somali 40 20 25 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 2,200 1,075 1,125 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 70 35 40 1,045 520 525
Arabic 1,965 960 1,000 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 0 0 0
Harari 35 20 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 10 5 355 195 160
Maltese 55 25 35 10 5 5
Tigrigna 10 10 5 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 570 260 315 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 10 125 55 70
Vietnamese 555 250 305 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,370 1,070 1,300 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 5 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 65 25 35 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 125 55 75
Ilocano 40 15 25 390 190 200
Malagasy 5 0 5 0 0 0
Malay 40 15 25 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,180 985 1,195 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 30 15 15
Creole languages 140 65 75 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 10 10 5 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 70 35 40 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 5,645 2,685 2,955 800 400 400
Kannada 20 10 10 45 25 25
Malayalam 355 180 175 405 195 205
Tamil 5,095 2,415 2,690 240 120 120
Telugu 160 80 80 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 24,495 11,690 12,805 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 105 50 50 155 80 75
Armenian 170 85 85 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 3,815 1,760 2,055 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 30 15 15 25 10 15
Latvian 15 5 10 15 5 5
Lithuanian 15 10 5 10 5 5
Slavic languages 3,785 1,750 2,040 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 5 5 0 285 145 140
Bulgarian 75 40 40 65 30 30
Croatian 125 65 65 320 145 180
Czech 70 30 35 115 55 60
Macedonian 520 240 280 85 35 45
Polish 1,700 800 895 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 595 260 335 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 240 120 125 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 10 90 40 50
Slovak 80 35 45 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 20 30 55 20 30
Ukrainian 290 120 170 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages 5 5 5 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 535 225 310 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 40 25 20 200 100 100
Danish 5 5 5 10 5 5
Dutch 135 50 80 270 135 130
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 330 135 195 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 0 0 5 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 5 10 5 5
Swedish 10 5 5 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 5 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 635 305 325 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 13,590 6,590 7,000 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 10,310 5,000 5,310 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 905 430 475 690 390 305
Gujarati 1,395 675 715 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 810 390 420 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 20 10 10 10 5 5
Marathi 70 35 35 40 25 20
Nepali 30 15 20 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,270 620 655 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 95 45 55 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 230 110 115 360 190 170
Urdu 5,475 2,675 2,805 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 3,265 1,580 1,690 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 30 15 10 275 135 140
Pashto 345 170 175 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 2,895 1,395 1,495 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 5,650 2,675 2,970 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 1,345 595 750 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 1,055 490 570 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 710 330 380 235 110 125
Spanish 2,535 1,260 1,270 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 95 35 55 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 420 210 205 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 5 5 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 295 135 160 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 70 35 40 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 0 0
Igbo 10 5 5 75 40 35
Lingala 15 5 5 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 15 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 10 105 55 50
Shona 25 10 15 10 5 10
Swahili 45 15 25 500 240 265
Wolof 5 5 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 50 20 30 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 240 140 100 560 310 255
American Sign Language 75 35 35 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 100 65 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,775 2,315 2,460 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 4,755 2,305 2,450 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 1,765 850 920 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 35 15 20 25 10 15
Mandarin 2,740 1,335 1,405 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 20 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 55 60 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 465 235 225
Burmese 5 0 0 55 30 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0 370 190 180
Tibetan 15 10 5 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 100 45 55 535 250 280
Lao 25 5 15 430 210 220
Thai 75 35 40 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 120 60 60 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 10 5 10
Turkish 95 45 55 65 35 35
Uyghur 15 10 10 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 440 210 235 305 140 165
Estonian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Finnish 45 20 15 35 15 15
Hungarian 385 185 205 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 25 20
Multiple responses 25,975 12,440 13,535 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 1,545 680 865 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 23,685 11,445 12,240 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 155 75 85 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 590 245 345 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 640,990 312,945 328,045 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 576,335 282,615 293,715 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 21,495 10,540 10,950 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 7,720 3,120 4,605 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 34,335 16,160 18,175 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 60 25 35 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 34,275 16,135 18,140 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 205 85 125 305 150 150
English and non-official language 400 195 210 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 490 220 275 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 523,485 252,970 270,515 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 497,400 240,370 257,030 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,755 45,591 31,227 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 497,580 240,385 257,195 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,943 40,114 28,634 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 450,935 222,785 228,150 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,606 44,922 29,097 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 349,685 151,985 197,700 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,840 1,631 5,014 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 385,985 197,510 188,480 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,704 44,472 32,281 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 523,485 252,970 270,515 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 496,955 239,905 257,050 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,018 58,216 40,434 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 497,145 239,925 257,220 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,280 46,704 34,288 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 450,320 222,340 227,985 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,598 58,488 38,953 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 349,105 151,155 197,945 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,090 6,365 7,644 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 385,985 197,255 188,725 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,217 55,920 40,165 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 523,485 252,970 270,515 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 191,215 106,020 85,200 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,089 66,395 53,793 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,517 77,133 60,038 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.8 93.0 85.5 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.1 78.7 72.7 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.2 7.0 14.5 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 523,485 252,970 270,515 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 26,085 12,600 13,485 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 497,400 240,370 257,030 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 73,800 31,630 42,170 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 76,740 30,080 46,660 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 59,100 23,145 35,955 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 50,115 22,000 28,115 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 49,640 23,300 26,335 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 41,460 20,875 20,580 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 32,920 17,815 15,105 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 26,460 15,180 11,280 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 21,490 12,540 8,950 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 18,150 10,325 7,830 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 47,535 33,480 14,055 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 33,825 23,040 10,785 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 13,710 10,440 3,265 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 523,485 252,970 270,510 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 25,900 12,585 13,320 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 497,585 240,385 257,200 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.0 95.1 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 75,920 32,070 43,850 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 80,275 31,630 48,645 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 68,605 27,660 40,945 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 62,700 28,485 34,215 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 58,660 29,010 29,650 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 44,300 23,890 20,410 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 33,590 19,570 14,020 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 26,270 15,225 11,045 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 47,260 32,845 14,410 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 16,970 10,660 6,310 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 9,910 6,875 3,030 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 20,385 15,310 5,070 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 523,480 252,970 270,510 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 137,500 55,465 82,035 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 385,985 197,505 188,480 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 73.7 78.1 69.7 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 56,155 28,635 27,520 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 29,245 12,575 16,670 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 45,835 20,145 25,685 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 35,690 15,580 20,110 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 34,130 14,935 19,195 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 33,755 15,355 18,395 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 30,340 15,280 15,060 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 25,355 13,740 11,620 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 21,470 12,435 9,040 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 74,010 48,820 25,190 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 18,225 10,725 7,495 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 16,130 9,120 7,005 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 39,660 28,975 10,685 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 227,910 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,834 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,398 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 44,380 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,798 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,908 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 183,525 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,544 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,658 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 227,905 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,886 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,865 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 44,375 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,062 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,943 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 183,535 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 120,141 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,726 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 227,905 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,890 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,725 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,725 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,010 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,400 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,080 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,835 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,080 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,730 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,485 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,510 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,475 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,730 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,505 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,980 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 99,745 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 29,645 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 22,555 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,735 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 20,810 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 227,910 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,085 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,755 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,795 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,275 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,130 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,950 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,880 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,920 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,100 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,465 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,250 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 18,700 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,400 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,310 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,220 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 76,675 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 30,520 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,610 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 26,545 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 179,625 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,043 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,198 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 52,480 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,910 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,774 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 92,455 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,140 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,456 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 29,965 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,311 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,821 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 179,510 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,898 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,401 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 52,385 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,118 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,282 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 92,490 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,831 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,085 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,945 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,308 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,643 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 60,295 28,515 31,780 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,521 41,938 34,351 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,628 36,742 31,241 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 60,230 28,440 31,800 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,099 51,876 42,828 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,195 42,202 36,505 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 639,490 312,280 327,210 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 255,840 120,390 135,450 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 42,085 20,055 22,030 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 46,015 20,540 25,480 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 50,080 23,230 26,850 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 56,220 26,720 29,500 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 61,435 29,850 31,585 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 383,650 191,890 191,760 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 67,645 33,300 34,345 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 74,095 36,590 37,505 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 80,920 40,450 40,465 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 87,405 43,980 43,425 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 73,590 37,565 36,020 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 639,365 312,205 327,155 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 141,345 72,110 69,230 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 43,280 22,090 21,195 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 409,770 199,825 209,945 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 88,250 40,275 47,980 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 62,035 28,460 33,570 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 18,740 9,525 9,215 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 5,930 3,020 2,910 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 36,030 16,450 19,575 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 7,270 2,485 4,785 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.7 9.1 10.3 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 13.3 13.2 13.3 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 13.7 13.7 13.7 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 8.2 9.3 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 8.2 6.2 10.0 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,065 18,315 19,745 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 10,665 5,425 5,240 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 3,330 1,710 1,620 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 25,025 12,010 13,010 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 2,370 880 1,495 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.0 5.9 6.0 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.5 7.6 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 7.7 7.6 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.0 6.2 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.2 3.1 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 639,495 312,285 327,210 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 634,250 310,160 324,095 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 633,865 309,970 323,895 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 47,090 19,805 27,280 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 127,260 61,080 66,180 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 125 40 85 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 95 25 70 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 0 30 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 10 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 0 20 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 15 40 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 55 15 40 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 0 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 10 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 20 20 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 15 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 127,135 61,040 66,095 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,310 3,800 3,505 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 0 0 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 315 150 165 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 35 25 10 535 275 260
Somali 280 125 155 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 6,985 3,655 3,330 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 275 145 135 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 5,925 3,135 2,790 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 25 30 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 10 0 0
Harari 125 60 60 0 10 0
Hebrew 300 160 135 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 360 170 195 65 30 35
Tigrigna 65 15 40 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,225 505 715 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 50 55 335 185 150
Vietnamese 1,120 465 660 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 9,540 3,925 5,610 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 60 25 35 225 100 125
Cebuano 445 190 250 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 95 40 55 425 180 245
Ilocano 355 140 220 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 10 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 355 155 195 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 55 70 945 415 530
Pangasinan 0 0 10 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,860 3,625 5,240 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 200 80 120
Creole languages 1,375 635 750 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 80 35 40 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 595 280 315 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 720 325 395 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 11,655 5,785 5,865 1,840 945 895
Kannada 165 95 65 175 95 80
Malayalam 900 440 460 830 400 430
Tamil 10,380 5,175 5,205 655 330 325
Telugu 475 240 235 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 82,735 40,290 42,435 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 230 130 95 390 195 195
Armenian 490 230 260 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 13,270 6,230 7,040 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 225 95 130 230 90 140
Latvian 155 75 80 115 45 70
Lithuanian 70 20 50 120 50 65
Slavic languages 13,070 6,145 6,930 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 15 15 0 65 25 45
Bosnian 75 45 35 835 405 430
Bulgarian 225 120 100 155 95 60
Croatian 870 445 425 1,595 765 825
Czech 445 230 210 735 335 395
Macedonian 2,290 1,110 1,180 140 75 60
Polish 4,890 2,185 2,700 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 1,845 775 1,070 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 925 480 440 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 80 45 35 190 75 115
Slovak 315 140 175 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 365 160 205 275 100 175
Ukrainian 1,840 860 980 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 85 50 30 70 35 30
Celtic languages 185 100 90 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 95 60 40 90 65 25
Welsh 25 10 20 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35 45 15 25
Germanic languages 9,165 4,220 4,945 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 380 155 220 715 330 385
Danish 255 95 160 270 120 150
Dutch 2,745 1,295 1,450 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 100 50 50 90 65 30
German 5,605 2,625 2,980 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 25 0 25 560 225 335
Norwegian 105 45 60 290 115 175
Swedish 190 80 110 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 30 270 120 155
Yiddish 30 10 20 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 3,835 1,890 1,940 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 33,260 16,530 16,725 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 26,840 13,375 13,465 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 2,075 990 1,085 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 4,040 2,000 2,035 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 7,580 3,815 3,765 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 45 25 20 20 15 10
Konkani 265 135 130 40 30 10
Marathi 265 140 125 275 170 105
Nepali 60 30 30 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,185 2,615 2,565 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 610 275 335 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,355 665 690 920 500 420
Urdu 13,240 6,735 6,510 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 7,045 3,460 3,580 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 100 65 35 600 295 305
Pashto 865 440 430 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 6,395 3,145 3,250 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 85 60 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 24,020 11,830 12,190 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 8,885 4,575 4,305 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 4,255 2,050 2,205 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 1,805 845 960 785 395 390
Spanish 9,785 4,735 5,055 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 60 45 15
Japanese 515 195 320 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 10 15 0 15
Korean 895 435 460 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 2,410 1,185 1,220 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 400 195 200 260 165 95
Bamanankan 25 15 15 160 95 65
Edo 70 25 40 95 60 30
Ewe 45 20 25 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 25 25 50 25 25
Ga 45 15 30 30 10 15
Ganda 25 0 15 230 110 120
Igbo 115 70 50 665 345 325
Lingala 320 165 155 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 90 45 45 305 155 155
Shona 130 55 80 250 110 140
Swahili 460 245 215 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 20 10 10 150 85 70
Yoruba 440 200 240 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 490 255 230 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 10 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 225 120 105
Sign languages 1,075 395 680 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 645 200 440 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 440 190 245 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,830 4,140 4,695 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 8,725 4,095 4,630 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 3,965 1,790 2,175 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 115 55 60 50 30 20
Mandarin 4,985 2,370 2,615 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 290 150 140 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 55 60 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 275 125 150 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 115 50 60 675 310 370
Burmese 30 15 15 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 70 30 40 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 245 155 95 1,565 730 835
Lao 105 60 45 1,120 520 600
Thai 160 100 60 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 390 190 200 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 40 10 30 50 25 30
Turkish 325 170 160 365 180 185
Uyghur 10 10 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 10 0 10 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 30
Uralic languages 2,110 1,020 1,090 1,550 730 815
Estonian 185 85 105 45 20 25
Finnish 270 140 130 265 105 160
Hungarian 1,655 795 860 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 639,495 312,285 327,215 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 614,080 300,175 313,905 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 138,940 71,150 67,785 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 475,140 229,025 246,120 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 25,415 12,105 13,305 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 639,490 312,280 327,210 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 485,560 239,245 246,320 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 150,885 71,355 79,530 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 55,475 26,185 29,295 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 22,725 10,805 11,925 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 31,090 14,690 16,400 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 31,275 14,805 16,465 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 17,425 8,265 9,155 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 13,855 6,545 7,310 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,315 4,870 5,450 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,045 1,680 1,365 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 150,885 71,355 79,530 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 16,915 8,555 8,365 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 31,555 15,710 15,845 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 37,000 16,125 20,875 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 55,445 26,815 28,635 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 9,970 4,150 5,815 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 150,880 71,350 79,530 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 40,065 18,085 21,980 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 445 165 280 435 170 265
Colombia 640 315 325 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 515 275 240 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 8,100 3,645 4,450 1,135 515 620
Haiti 245 110 135 155 75 80
Jamaica 12,580 5,470 7,110 1,810 835 970
Mexico 545 215 330 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 410 185 230 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 5,990 2,835 3,155 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,050 1,820 2,235 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 6,540 3,055 3,490 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 47,350 22,690 24,660 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 295 165 130 1,055 530 525
Croatia 585 305 285 975 445 535
France 380 205 170 795 425 365
Germany 3,090 1,515 1,570 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 1,565 790 775 820 445 375
Hungary 890 455 435 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,010 460 555 650 310 340
Italy 3,860 2,090 1,770 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 2,240 1,100 1,135 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 3,150 1,355 1,795 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 2,090 1,005 1,085 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 1,590 735 860 720 345 375
Russian Federation 645 250 390 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 495 250 240 355 175 175
Ukraine 695 305 395 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 20,380 9,595 10,780 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 4,385 2,110 2,275 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 8,050 4,035 4,015 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 35 10 25 115 60 55
Egypt 1,155 610 550 980 525 455
Ethiopia 365 180 185 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 590 285 305 935 470 465
Morocco 145 85 55 250 140 110
Nigeria 960 480 480 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 170 85 90 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 960 500 465 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 3,670 1,810 1,865 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 54,820 26,225 28,595 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 3,405 1,685 1,725 615 285 330
Bangladesh 1,385 665 715 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,230 1,890 2,345 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,300 590 710 1,460 715 735
India 10,070 4,985 5,085 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,050 560 490 1,180 655 530
Iraq 550 285 260 860 460 400
Japan 165 30 130 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 755 380 375 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 1,045 585 460 265 165 100
Pakistan 8,025 4,115 3,910 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 9,350 3,895 5,455 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 7,860 3,795 4,065 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 255 135 120 805 390 410
Taiwan 290 125 170 215 110 110
Viet Nam 955 405 550 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 4,120 2,105 2,020 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 595 320 275 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,315 4,870 5,450 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 2,200 1,130 1,070 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 85 35 50 100 35 65
Colombia 90 55 40 185 70 120
Cuba 45 30 15 75 25 55
Haiti 55 25 30 15 10 0
Jamaica 590 350 240 340 175 165
Mexico 110 45 60 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 450 210 240 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 15 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 760 370 385 1,490 640 850
Europe 1,075 520 555 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 30 10 20 135 70 75
Germany 35 15 20 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 25 10 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 15 160 85 70
Romania 125 55 70 70 30 35
Russian Federation 30