Census Profile, 2016 Census
Durham, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Durham, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Durham, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Durham, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 645,862 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 608,124 ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 233,936 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 227,906 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 255.9 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,523.80 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 645,865 314,675 331,190 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 116,185 59,425 56,760 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 35,695 18,205 17,490 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 39,930 20,440 19,490 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 40,560 20,775 19,790 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 436,890 213,685 223,200 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 42,970 21,910 21,055 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 43,235 22,330 20,900 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 37,590 18,860 18,730 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 39,640 19,135 20,505 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 41,400 19,475 21,925 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 43,545 20,880 22,665 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 46,935 22,380 24,555 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 55,045 26,565 28,475 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 48,595 23,935 24,655 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 37,940 18,215 19,725 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 92,790 41,560 51,225 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 31,860 15,085 16,775 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 21,950 10,480 11,475 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 15,785 7,035 8,745 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 11,740 5,090 6,650 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 11,460 3,875 7,580 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 7,320 2,705 4,615 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 3,285 980 2,300 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 750 170 580 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 105 25 80 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.9 17.1 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 67.6 67.9 67.4 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 14.4 13.2 15.5 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 39.6 38.6 40.5 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 40.2 39.0 41.3 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 227,905 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 152,220 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 15,510 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 60,050 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,430 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 24,465 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,650 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 14,230 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 280 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 125 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 227,905 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 44,380 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 69,545 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 41,960 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 44,640 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 27,375 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 639,490 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 529,675 255,250 274,425 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 309,895 154,730 155,170 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 266,470 133,040 133,430 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 43,430 21,690 21,745 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 219,780 100,525 119,260 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 146,925 77,565 69,360 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 16,310 6,540 9,770 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 29,715 10,900 18,815 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 26,830 5,520 21,315 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 186,135 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 80,035 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 43,850 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 44,345 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,900 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 186,135 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 152,285 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 130,585 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 21,705 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 33,850 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 26,910 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 6,940 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 152,285 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 60,435 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 91,845 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 33,525 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 41,335 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 16,990 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 33,850 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 19,595 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 10,330 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 3,925 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 75,950 34,200 41,745 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 227,905 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 169,205 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 54,185 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 115,020 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 8,250 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 50,450 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 44,385 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,070 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 640,985 312,945 328,045 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 588,525 291,225 297,300 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 435 190 245 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 46,860 19,570 27,290 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 5,175 1,960 3,210 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 640,990 312,940 328,045 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 624,055 305,645 318,410 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 9,705 4,450 5,255 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 2,235 980 1,250 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 5,000 1,870 3,130 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,820 4,940 5,880 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 640,990 312,940 328,050 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 627,700 306,560 321,140 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 529,450 259,625 269,825 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 519,815 255,200 264,610 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 9,635 4,420 5,210 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 98,250 46,940 51,310 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 50 20 30 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 0 0 0 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 5 0 0 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 5 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 10 5 5 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 5 5 5 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 98,200 46,915 51,280 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,340 2,810 2,525 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 5 0 0 340 190 145
Kabyle 0 0 0 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 190 90 105 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 0 0 0 315 185 130
Oromo 30 15 15 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 155 70 85 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 20 20
Semitic languages 5,145 2,720 2,425 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 215 115 100 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 4,345 2,305 2,035 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 30 20 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 10 145 80 65
Harari 70 40 35 260 135 120
Hebrew 60 40 20 960 505 460
Maltese 295 145 150 75 30 40
Tigrigna 75 30 40 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 970 425 545 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 20 30 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 910 400 510 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 7,390 3,010 4,380 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 15 5 5 425 205 225
Cebuano 215 80 135 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 5 5 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 65 25 40 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 190 75 110 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 5 0 5 35 10 25
Malay 175 75 100 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 40 35 765 370 390
Pangasinan 15 5 5 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,605 2,695 3,915 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 980 430 550
Creole languages 395 170 220 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 190 90 100 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 75 105 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 8,990 4,385 4,600 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 65 35 35 535 270 265
Malayalam 730 360 365 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 7,865 3,820 4,040 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 320 160 155 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 62,745 30,400 32,340 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 220 105 115 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 415 205 210 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 11,115 5,070 6,040 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 230 105 130 1,010 475 535
Latvian 150 65 85 415 195 220
Lithuanian 80 40 40 600 285 315
Slavic languages 10,880 4,970 5,910 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 10 5 5 65 30 30
Bosnian 40 25 25 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 160 70 85 1,545 790 755
Croatian 545 290 260 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 280 125 155 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 1,665 805 865 360 185 175
Polish 4,375 1,920 2,450 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 1,195 510 685 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 570 310 270 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 70 35 30 970 480 485
Slovak 285 110 175 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 290 140 150 695 320 370
Ukrainian 1,335 595 745 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 215 120 100
Celtic languages 70 30 35 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 35 15 20 135 70 65
Welsh 30 10 15 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 6,935 3,130 3,805 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 120 55 65 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 190 90 100 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 2,390 1,110 1,280 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 80 35 45 360 200 160
German 3,935 1,745 2,190 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 10 0 10 115 55 60
Norwegian 55 25 30 815 370 445
Swedish 100 45 50 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 15 30 320 150 170
Yiddish 10 5 5 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 2,515 1,285 1,225 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 24,735 12,305 12,430 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 18,940 9,385 9,560 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 1,615 790 830 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 2,725 1,350 1,380 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 1,740 845 890 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 5 0 5 105 60 50
Konkani 85 35 45 370 190 185
Marathi 135 60 75 1,510 775 730
Nepali 60 25 30 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,500 1,245 1,255 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 325 160 160 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 635 300 335 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 9,095 4,555 4,540 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 5,740 2,895 2,850 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 70 40 30 1,550 845 705
Pashto 595 305 290 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 5,080 2,545 2,530 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 16,740 8,270 8,475 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 5 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 6,140 3,210 2,930 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 3,500 1,690 1,810 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 1,465 680 785 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 5,625 2,685 2,940 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 35 20 15
Japanese 225 85 145 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 230 130 105
Georgian 0 0 5 230 130 100
Korean 755 360 395 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 0 5 5 545 255 290
Mongolian 5 5 5 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 1,200 570 630 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 230 115 115 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 5 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 50 20 25 275 155 120
Ewe 20 5 10 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 15 230 120 100
Ga 25 10 15 145 80 65
Ganda 15 5 5 280 145 135
Igbo 95 50 45 1,165 625 540
Lingala 35 20 20 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 805 405 400
Shona 90 40 45 1,100 545 555
Swahili 175 90 85 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 5 5 0 280 165 110
Yoruba 205 100 105 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 185 85 100 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 15 5 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 0 0 0 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 145 70 75 830 440 390
American Sign Language 55 25 35 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 85 45 40 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,590 3,470 4,115 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 7,530 3,445 4,080 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 3,145 1,455 1,690 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 145 70 80 990 465 530
Mandarin 3,745 1,705 2,035 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 5 0 5 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 185 85 100 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 45 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 90 130 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 25 35 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 15 5 5 430 230 200
Karenic languages 0 0 0 795 415 380
Tibetan 35 15 20 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 200 75 130 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 55 30 30 1,020 485 535
Thai 140 45 95 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 280 145 135 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 365 215 155
Turkish 230 120 110 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 25 15 10 130 70 60
Uzbek 5 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 215 95 120
Uralic languages 1,925 905 1,025 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 200 100 100 190 90 105
Finnish 295 135 155 810 330 480
Hungarian 1,435 665 770 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 690 415 280
Multiple responses 13,290 6,385 6,905 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 1,865 880 985 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 10,675 5,180 5,500 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 390 170 225 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 360 155 205 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 640,990 312,940 328,045 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 615,010 300,495 314,510 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 573,035 280,475 292,560 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 569,375 278,755 290,615 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 3,660 1,720 1,945 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 41,975 20,025 21,955 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,970 20,025 21,950 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,260 1,105 1,155 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 0 0 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 55 25 30 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 0 0 280 160 115
Oromo 10 5 0 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 40 20 25 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 2,200 1,075 1,125 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 70 35 40 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 1,965 960 1,000 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 95 50 40
Harari 35 20 15 165 80 85
Hebrew 15 10 5 460 235 225
Maltese 55 25 35 15 10 10
Tigrigna 10 10 5 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 570 260 315 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 10 960 460 500
Vietnamese 555 250 305 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 2,370 1,070 1,300 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 5 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 65 25 35 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 470 215 255
Ilocano 40 15 25 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 5 0 5 20 10 10
Malay 40 15 25 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,180 985 1,195 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 280 120 155
Creole languages 140 65 75 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 10 10 5 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 70 35 40 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 5,645 2,685 2,955 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 20 10 10 210 105 105
Malayalam 355 180 175 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 5,095 2,415 2,690 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 160 80 80 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 24,495 11,690 12,805 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 105 50 50 1,060 570 485
Armenian 170 85 85 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 3,815 1,760 2,055 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 30 15 15 410 210 200
Latvian 15 5 10 165 85 80
Lithuanian 15 10 5 250 125 120
Slavic languages 3,785 1,750 2,040 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 5 5 0 785 400 385
Bulgarian 75 40 40 825 415 405
Croatian 125 65 65 1,800 905 895
Czech 70 30 35 875 440 430
Macedonian 520 240 280 175 90 85
Polish 1,700 800 895 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 595 260 335 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 240 120 125 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 10 315 160 155
Slovak 80 35 45 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 20 30 150 70 75
Ukrainian 290 120 170 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 55 30 25
Celtic languages 5 5 5 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 5 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 535 225 310 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 40 25 20 1,705 835 875
Danish 5 5 5 150 75 75
Dutch 135 50 80 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 5 0 0 60 30 30
German 330 135 195 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 5 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 5 60 20 35
Swedish 10 5 5 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 5 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 635 305 325 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 13,590 6,590 7,000 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 10,310 5,000 5,310 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 905 430 475 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 1,395 675 715 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 810 390 420 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 20 10 10 75 40 40
Marathi 70 35 35 845 440 405
Nepali 30 15 20 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,270 620 655 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 95 45 55 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 230 110 115 1,480 750 730
Urdu 5,475 2,675 2,805 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 3,265 1,580 1,690 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 30 15 10 850 440 410
Pashto 345 170 175 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 2,895 1,395 1,495 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 5,650 2,675 2,970 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 1,345 595 750 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 1,055 490 570 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 710 330 380 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 2,535 1,260 1,270 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 95 35 55 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 160 85 70
Georgian 0 0 0 160 85 70
Korean 420 210 205 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 5 5 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 295 135 160 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 70 35 40 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 5 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 5 0 0 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 5 0 5 95 50 50
Igbo 10 5 5 265 125 145
Lingala 15 5 5 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 15 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 10 350 175 170
Shona 25 10 15 410 190 225
Swahili 45 15 25 1,090 530 565
Wolof 5 5 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 50 20 30 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,525 765 755
Dinka 0 0 0 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 725 350 375
Sign languages 240 140 100 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 75 35 35 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 100 65 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,775 2,315 2,460 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 4,755 2,305 2,450 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 1,765 850 920 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 35 15 20 315 135 185
Mandarin 2,740 1,335 1,405 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 20 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 55 60 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,500 770 730
Burmese 5 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 665 340 320
Tibetan 15 10 5 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 100 45 55 1,130 505 625
Lao 25 5 15 465 215 245
Thai 75 35 40 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 120 60 60 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 155 90 75
Turkish 95 45 55 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 15 10 10 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 440 210 235 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 15 10 10 25 10 15
Finnish 45 20 15 105 50 50
Hungarian 385 185 205 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 240 140 95
Multiple responses 25,975 12,440 13,535 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 1,545 680 865 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 23,685 11,445 12,240 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 155 75 85 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 590 245 345 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 640,990 312,945 328,045 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 576,335 282,615 293,715 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 21,495 10,540 10,950 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 7,720 3,120 4,605 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 34,335 16,160 18,175 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 60 25 35 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 34,275 16,135 18,140 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 205 85 125 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 400 195 210 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 490 220 275 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 523,485 252,970 270,515 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 497,400 240,370 257,030 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,755 45,591 31,227 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 497,580 240,385 257,195 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,943 40,114 28,634 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 450,935 222,785 228,150 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,606 44,922 29,097 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 349,685 151,985 197,700 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,840 1,631 5,014 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 385,985 197,510 188,480 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,704 44,472 32,281 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 523,485 252,970 270,515 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 496,955 239,905 257,050 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,018 58,216 40,434 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 497,145 239,925 257,220 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,280 46,704 34,288 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 450,320 222,340 227,985 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,598 58,488 38,953 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 349,105 151,155 197,945 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,090 6,365 7,644 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 385,985 197,255 188,725 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,217 55,920 40,165 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 523,485 252,970 270,515 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 191,215 106,020 85,200 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,089 66,395 53,793 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,517 77,133 60,038 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.8 93.0 85.5 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.1 78.7 72.7 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.2 7.0 14.5 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 523,485 252,970 270,515 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 26,085 12,600 13,485 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 497,400 240,370 257,030 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 73,800 31,630 42,170 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 76,740 30,080 46,660 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 59,100 23,145 35,955 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 50,115 22,000 28,115 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 49,640 23,300 26,335 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 41,460 20,875 20,580 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 32,920 17,815 15,105 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 26,460 15,180 11,280 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 21,490 12,540 8,950 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 18,150 10,325 7,830 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 47,535 33,480 14,055 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 33,825 23,040 10,785 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 13,710 10,440 3,265 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 523,485 252,970 270,510 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 25,900 12,585 13,320 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 497,585 240,385 257,200 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.0 95.1 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 75,920 32,070 43,850 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 80,275 31,630 48,645 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 68,605 27,660 40,945 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 62,700 28,485 34,215 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 58,660 29,010 29,650 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 44,300 23,890 20,410 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 33,590 19,570 14,020 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 26,270 15,225 11,045 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 47,260 32,845 14,410 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 16,970 10,660 6,310 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 9,910 6,875 3,030 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 20,385 15,310 5,070 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 523,480 252,970 270,510 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 137,500 55,465 82,035 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 385,985 197,505 188,480 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 73.7 78.1 69.7 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 56,155 28,635 27,520 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 29,245 12,575 16,670 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 45,835 20,145 25,685 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 35,690 15,580 20,110 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 34,130 14,935 19,195 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 33,755 15,355 18,395 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 30,340 15,280 15,060 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 25,355 13,740 11,620 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 21,470 12,435 9,040 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 74,010 48,820 25,190 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 18,225 10,725 7,495 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 16,130 9,120 7,005 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 39,660 28,975 10,685 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 227,910 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,834 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,398 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 44,380 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,798 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,908 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 183,525 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,544 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,658 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 227,905 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,886 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,865 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 44,375 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,062 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,943 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 183,535 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 120,141 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,726 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 227,905 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,890 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,725 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,725 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,010 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,400 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,080 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,835 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,080 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,730 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,485 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,510 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,475 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,730 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,505 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,980 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 99,745 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 29,645 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 22,555 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,735 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 20,810 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 227,910 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,085 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,755 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,795 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,275 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,130 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,950 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,880 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,920 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,100 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,465 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,250 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 18,700 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,400 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,310 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,220 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 76,675 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 30,520 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,610 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 26,545 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 179,625 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,043 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,198 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 52,480 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,910 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,774 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 92,455 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,140 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,456 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 29,965 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,311 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,821 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 179,510 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,898 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,401 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 52,385 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,118 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,282 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 92,490 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,831 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,085 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,945 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,308 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,643 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 60,295 28,515 31,780 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,521 41,938 34,351 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,628 36,742 31,241 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 60,230 28,440 31,800 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,099 51,876 42,828 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,195 42,202 36,505 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 639,490 312,280 327,210 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 255,840 120,390 135,450 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 42,085 20,055 22,030 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 46,015 20,540 25,480 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 50,080 23,230 26,850 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 56,220 26,720 29,500 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 61,435 29,850 31,585 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 383,650 191,890 191,760 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 67,645 33,300 34,345 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 74,095 36,590 37,505 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 80,920 40,450 40,465 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 87,405 43,980 43,425 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 73,590 37,565 36,020 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 639,365 312,205 327,155 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 141,345 72,110 69,230 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 43,280 22,090 21,195 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 409,770 199,825 209,945 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 88,250 40,275 47,980 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 62,035 28,460 33,570 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 18,740 9,525 9,215 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 5,930 3,020 2,910 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 36,030 16,450 19,575 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 7,270 2,485 4,785 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.7 9.1 10.3 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 13.3 13.2 13.3 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 13.7 13.7 13.7 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 8.2 9.3 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 8.2 6.2 10.0 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,065 18,315 19,745 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 10,665 5,425 5,240 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 3,330 1,710 1,620 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 25,025 12,010 13,010 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 2,370 880 1,495 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.0 5.9 6.0 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.5 7.6 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 7.7 7.6 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.0 6.2 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.2 3.1 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 639,495 312,285 327,210 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 634,250 310,160 324,095 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 633,865 309,970 323,895 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 47,090 19,805 27,280 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 127,260 61,080 66,180 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 125 40 85 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 95 25 70 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 0 30 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 10 0 0 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 20 0 20 45 25 25
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 15 40 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 55 15 40 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 10 0 10 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 10 0 0 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 10 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 20 20 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 20 15 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 127,135 61,040 66,095 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,310 3,800 3,505 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 0 0 0 540 335 205
Kabyle 0 0 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 315 150 165 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 0 0 0 370 235 135
Oromo 35 25 10 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 280 125 155 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 6,985 3,655 3,330 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 275 145 135 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 5,925 3,135 2,790 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 25 30 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 150 70 75
Harari 125 60 60 340 150 185
Hebrew 300 160 135 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 360 170 195 145 85 55
Tigrigna 65 15 40 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,225 505 715 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 50 55 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 1,120 465 660 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 9,540 3,925 5,610 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 60 25 35 330 150 180
Cebuano 445 190 250 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 0 0 0 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 95 40 55 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 355 140 220 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 10 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 355 155 195 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 55 70 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 10 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,860 3,625 5,240 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 1,375 635 750 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 80 35 40 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 595 280 315 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 720 325 395 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 11,655 5,785 5,865 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 165 95 65 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 900 440 460 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 10,380 5,175 5,205 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 475 240 235 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 82,735 40,290 42,435 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 230 130 95 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 490 230 260 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 13,270 6,230 7,040 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 225 95 130 1,360 660 705
Latvian 155 75 80 590 300 290
Lithuanian 70 20 50 775 360 415
Slavic languages 13,070 6,145 6,930 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 15 15 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 75 45 35 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 225 120 100 1,795 945 850
Croatian 870 445 425 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 445 230 210 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 2,290 1,110 1,180 535 270 265
Polish 4,890 2,185 2,700 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 1,845 775 1,070 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 925 480 440 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 80 45 35 1,095 550 540
Slovak 315 140 175 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 365 160 205 735 360 375
Ukrainian 1,840 860 980 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 85 50 30 250 120 130
Celtic languages 185 100 90 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 95 60 40 440 215 225
Welsh 25 10 20 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35 450 220 225
Germanic languages 9,165 4,220 4,945 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 380 155 220 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 255 95 160 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 2,745 1,295 1,450 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 100 50 50 475 275 205
German 5,605 2,625 2,980 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 25 0 25 160 70 95
Norwegian 105 45 60 1,450 635 810
Swedish 190 80 110 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 30 380 170 215
Yiddish 30 10 20 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 3,835 1,890 1,940 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 33,260 16,530 16,725 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 26,840 13,375 13,465 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 2,075 990 1,085 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 4,040 2,000 2,035 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 7,580 3,815 3,765 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 45 25 20 125 80 45
Konkani 265 135 130 625 300 320
Marathi 265 140 125 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 60 30 30 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,185 2,615 2,565 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 610 275 335 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,355 665 690 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 13,240 6,735 6,510 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 7,045 3,460 3,580 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 100 65 35 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 865 440 430 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 6,395 3,145 3,250 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 85 60 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 24,020 11,830 12,190 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 0 0 0 170 95 80
Italian 8,885 4,575 4,305 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 4,255 2,050 2,205 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 1,805 845 960 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 9,785 4,735 5,055 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 250 130 125
Japanese 515 195 320 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 225 130 100
Georgian 0 0 10 230 130 100
Korean 895 435 460 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 2,410 1,185 1,220 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 400 195 200 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 25 15 15 60 30 30
Edo 70 25 40 620 325 290
Ewe 45 20 25 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 25 25 300 165 135
Ga 45 15 30 345 190 155
Ganda 25 0 15 610 305 305
Igbo 115 70 50 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 320 165 155 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 90 45 45 1,155 605 550
Shona 130 55 80 1,810 850 960
Swahili 460 245 215 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 20 10 10 600 365 235
Yoruba 440 200 240 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 490 255 230 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 10 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 0 0 0 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 1,075 395 680 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 645 200 440 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 440 190 245 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,830 4,140 4,695 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 8,725 4,095 4,630 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 3,965 1,790 2,175 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 115 55 60 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 4,985 2,370 2,615 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 290 150 140 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 55 60 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 275 125 150 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 115 50 60 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 30 15 15 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 70 30 40 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 245 155 95 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 105 60 45 1,520 730 795
Thai 160 100 60 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 390 190 200 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 40 10 30 630 325 300
Turkish 325 170 160 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 10 10 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 10 0 10 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 2,110 1,020 1,090 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 185 85 105 185 85 105
Finnish 270 140 130 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 1,655 795 860 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 639,495 312,285 327,215 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 614,080 300,175 313,905 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 138,940 71,150 67,785 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 475,140 229,025 246,120 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 25,415 12,105 13,305 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 639,490 312,280 327,210 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 485,560 239,245 246,320 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 150,885 71,355 79,530 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 55,475 26,185 29,295 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 22,725 10,805 11,925 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 31,090 14,690 16,400 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 31,275 14,805 16,465 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 17,425 8,265 9,155 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 13,855 6,545 7,310 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,315 4,870 5,450 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,045 1,680 1,365 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 150,885 71,355 79,530 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 16,915 8,555 8,365 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 31,555 15,710 15,845 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 37,000 16,125 20,875 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 55,445 26,815 28,635 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 9,970 4,150 5,815 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 150,880 71,350 79,530 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 40,065 18,085 21,980 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 445 165 280 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 640 315 325 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 515 275 240 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 8,100 3,645 4,450 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 245 110 135 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 12,580 5,470 7,110 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 545 215 330 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 410 185 230 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 5,990 2,835 3,155 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,050 1,820 2,235 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 6,540 3,055 3,490 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 47,350 22,690 24,660 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 295 165 130 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 585 305 285 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 380 205 170 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 3,090 1,515 1,570 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 1,565 790 775 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 890 455 435 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,010 460 555 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 3,860 2,090 1,770 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 2,240 1,100 1,135 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 3,150 1,355 1,795 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 2,090 1,005 1,085 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 1,590 735 860 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 645 250 390 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 495 250 240 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 695 305 395 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 20,380 9,595 10,780 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 4,385 2,110 2,275 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 8,050 4,035 4,015 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 35 10 25 1,340 715 625
Egypt 1,155 610 550 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 365 180 185 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 590 285 305 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 145 85 55 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 960 480 480 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 170 85 90 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 960 500 465 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 3,670 1,810 1,865 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 54,820 26,225 28,595 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 3,405 1,685 1,725 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 1,385 665 715 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,230 1,890 2,345 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,300 590 710 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 10,070 4,985 5,085 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,050 560 490 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 550 285 260 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 165 30 130 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 755 380 375 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 1,045 585 460 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 8,025 4,115 3,910 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 9,350 3,895 5,455 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 7,860 3,795 4,065 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 255 135 120 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 290 125 170 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 955 405 550 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 4,120 2,105 2,020 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 595 320 275 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,315 4,870 5,450 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 2,200 1,130 1,070 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 85 35 50 860 370 490
Colombia 90 55 40 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 45 30 15 465 215 255
Haiti 55 25 30 385 240 150
Jamaica 590 350 240 1,660 765 895
Mexico 110 45 60 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 450 210 240 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 15 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 760 370 385 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 1,075 520 555 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 30 10 20 425 240 180
Germany 35 15 20 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 25 10 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 15 715 365 350
Romania 125 55 70