Census Profile, 2016 Census
Durham, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Durham, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Durham, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Durham, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 645,862 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 608,124 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 233,936 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 227,906 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 255.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,523.80 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 645,865 314,675 331,190 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 116,185 59,425 56,760 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 35,695 18,205 17,490 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 39,930 20,440 19,490 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 40,560 20,775 19,790 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 436,890 213,685 223,200 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 42,970 21,910 21,055 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 43,235 22,330 20,900 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 37,590 18,860 18,730 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 39,640 19,135 20,505 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 41,400 19,475 21,925 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 43,545 20,880 22,665 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 46,935 22,380 24,555 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 55,045 26,565 28,475 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 48,595 23,935 24,655 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 37,940 18,215 19,725 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 92,790 41,560 51,225 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 31,860 15,085 16,775 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 21,950 10,480 11,475 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 15,785 7,035 8,745 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 11,740 5,090 6,650 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 11,460 3,875 7,580 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 7,320 2,705 4,615 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 3,285 980 2,300 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 750 170 580 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 105 25 80 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.9 17.1 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.6 67.9 67.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.4 13.2 15.5 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.6 38.6 40.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.2 39.0 41.3 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 227,905 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 152,220 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 15,510 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 60,050 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,430 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 24,465 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,650 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 14,230 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 280 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 125 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 227,905 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 44,380 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 69,545 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 41,960 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 44,640 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 27,375 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 639,490 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 529,675 255,250 274,425 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 309,895 154,730 155,170 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 266,470 133,040 133,430 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 43,430 21,690 21,745 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 219,780 100,525 119,260 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 146,925 77,565 69,360 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 16,310 6,540 9,770 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 29,715 10,900 18,815 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 26,830 5,520 21,315 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 186,135 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 80,035 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 43,850 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 44,345 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,900 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 186,135 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 152,285 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 130,585 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 21,705 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 33,850 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 26,910 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 6,940 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 152,285 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 60,435 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 91,845 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 33,525 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 41,335 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 16,990 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 33,850 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 19,595 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 10,330 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 3,925 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 75,950 34,200 41,745 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 227,905 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 169,205 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 54,185 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 115,020 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 8,250 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 50,450 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 44,385 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,070 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 640,985 312,945 328,045 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 588,525 291,225 297,300 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 435 190 245 1,810 820 985
English and French 46,860 19,570 27,290 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 5,175 1,960 3,210 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 640,990 312,940 328,045 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 624,055 305,645 318,410 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 9,705 4,450 5,255 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,235 980 1,250 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 5,000 1,870 3,130 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,820 4,940 5,880 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 640,990 312,940 328,050 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 627,700 306,560 321,140 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 529,450 259,625 269,825 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 519,815 255,200 264,610 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 9,635 4,420 5,210 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 98,250 46,940 51,310 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 50 20 30 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 5 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 98,200 46,915 51,280 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,340 2,810 2,525 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 190 90 105 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 30 15 15 205 115 95
Somali 155 70 85 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 5,145 2,720 2,425 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 215 115 100 1,370 670 700
Arabic 4,345 2,305 2,035 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 30 20 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 10 440 245 200
Harari 70 40 35 20 5 15
Hebrew 60 40 20 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 295 145 150 215 100 115
Tigrigna 75 30 40 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 970 425 545 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 20 30 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 910 400 510 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 7,390 3,010 4,380 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 15 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 215 80 135 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 5 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 65 25 40 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 190 75 110 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 5 20 10 15
Malay 175 75 100 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 40 35 700 320 380
Pangasinan 15 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,605 2,695 3,915 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 395 170 220 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 190 90 100 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 75 105 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 8,990 4,385 4,600 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 65 35 35 280 150 135
Malayalam 730 360 365 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 7,865 3,820 4,040 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 320 160 155 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 62,745 30,400 32,340 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 220 105 115 1,465 765 705
Armenian 415 205 210 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 11,115 5,070 6,040 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 230 105 130 1,070 485 585
Latvian 150 65 85 565 255 300
Lithuanian 80 40 40 505 225 280
Slavic languages 10,880 4,970 5,910 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 5 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 40 25 25 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 160 70 85 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 545 290 260 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 280 125 155 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 1,665 805 865 325 160 165
Polish 4,375 1,920 2,450 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,195 510 685 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 570 310 270 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 70 35 30 1,395 670 725
Slovak 285 110 175 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 290 140 150 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 1,335 595 745 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 345 175 170
Celtic languages 70 30 35 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 35 15 20 240 130 110
Welsh 30 10 15 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 6,935 3,130 3,805 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 120 55 65 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 190 90 100 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 2,390 1,110 1,280 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 80 35 45 295 145 145
German 3,935 1,745 2,190 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 0 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 55 25 30 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 100 45 50 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 15 30 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 2,515 1,285 1,225 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 24,735 12,305 12,430 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 18,940 9,385 9,560 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 1,615 790 830 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 2,725 1,350 1,380 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 1,740 845 890 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 5 65 35 25
Konkani 85 35 45 255 130 125
Marathi 135 60 75 620 325 295
Nepali 60 25 30 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,500 1,245 1,255 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 325 160 160 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 635 300 335 1,675 845 830
Urdu 9,095 4,555 4,540 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 5,740 2,895 2,850 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 70 40 30 1,765 945 825
Pashto 595 305 290 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 5,080 2,545 2,530 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 16,740 8,270 8,475 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 6,140 3,210 2,930 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 3,500 1,690 1,810 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 1,465 680 785 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 5,625 2,685 2,940 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 105 65 40
Japanese 225 85 145 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 5 85 50 40
Korean 755 360 395 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 5 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 5 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 1,200 570 630 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 230 115 115 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 50 20 25 85 50 35
Ewe 20 5 10 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 15 45 25 20
Ga 25 10 15 45 20 25
Ganda 15 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 95 50 45 245 145 105
Lingala 35 20 20 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 155 70 80
Shona 90 40 45 215 100 115
Swahili 175 90 85 805 400 405
Wolof 5 5 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 205 100 105 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 185 85 100 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 15 5 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 240 115 125
Sign languages 145 70 75 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 55 25 35 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 85 45 40 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,590 3,470 4,115 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 7,530 3,445 4,080 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 3,145 1,455 1,690 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 145 70 80 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 3,745 1,705 2,035 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 185 85 100 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 45 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 90 130 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 25 35 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 15 5 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 35 15 20 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 200 75 130 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 55 30 30 1,100 550 550
Thai 140 45 95 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 280 145 135 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 530 290 235
Turkish 230 120 110 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 25 15 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,925 905 1,025 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 200 100 100 705 295 410
Finnish 295 135 155 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,435 665 770 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 500 280 225
Multiple responses 13,290 6,385 6,905 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,865 880 985 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 10,675 5,180 5,500 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 390 170 225 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 360 155 205 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 640,990 312,940 328,045 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 615,010 300,495 314,510 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 573,035 280,475 292,560 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 569,375 278,755 290,615 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,660 1,720 1,945 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 41,975 20,025 21,955 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,970 20,025 21,950 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,260 1,105 1,155 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 55 25 30 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 0 90 50 45
Somali 40 20 25 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 2,200 1,075 1,125 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 70 35 40 600 275 320
Arabic 1,965 960 1,000 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 310 165 145
Harari 35 20 15 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 10 5 900 465 440
Maltese 55 25 35 15 5 10
Tigrigna 10 10 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 570 260 315 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 10 800 375 420
Vietnamese 555 250 305 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 2,370 1,070 1,300 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 65 25 35 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 40 15 25 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 0 5 10 5 10
Malay 40 15 25 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,180 985 1,195 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 140 65 75 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 10 10 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 70 35 40 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 5,645 2,685 2,955 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 20 10 10 110 55 60
Malayalam 355 180 175 1,225 615 605
Tamil 5,095 2,415 2,690 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 160 80 80 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 24,495 11,690 12,805 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 105 50 50 695 335 360
Armenian 170 85 85 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 3,815 1,760 2,055 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 30 15 15 210 90 115
Latvian 15 5 10 80 30 50
Lithuanian 15 10 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 3,785 1,750 2,040 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 75 40 40 1,035 485 550
Croatian 125 65 65 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 70 30 35 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 520 240 280 150 75 75
Polish 1,700 800 895 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 595 260 335 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 240 120 125 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 10 500 235 265
Slovak 80 35 45 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 20 30 145 65 85
Ukrainian 290 120 170 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 5 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 5 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 535 225 310 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 40 25 20 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 135 50 80 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 330 135 195 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 10 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 5 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 635 305 325 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 13,590 6,590 7,000 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 10,310 5,000 5,310 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 905 430 475 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 1,395 675 715 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 810 390 420 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 20 10 10 40 25 25
Marathi 70 35 35 270 140 130
Nepali 30 15 20 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,270 620 655 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 95 45 55 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 230 110 115 675 330 340
Urdu 5,475 2,675 2,805 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 3,265 1,580 1,690 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 30 15 10 1,080 540 535
Pashto 345 170 175 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 2,895 1,395 1,495 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 5,650 2,675 2,970 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 1,345 595 750 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 1,055 490 570 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 710 330 380 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 2,535 1,260 1,270 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 95 35 55 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 420 210 205 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 5 5 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 295 135 160 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 70 35 40 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 0 5 10 5 5
Igbo 10 5 5 40 20 15
Lingala 15 5 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 15 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 10 60 25 35
Shona 25 10 15 65 25 40
Swahili 45 15 25 200 90 115
Wolof 5 5 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 50 20 30 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 240 140 100 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 75 35 35 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 100 65 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,775 2,315 2,460 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 4,755 2,305 2,450 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,765 850 920 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 35 15 20 700 295 410
Mandarin 2,740 1,335 1,405 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 20 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 55 60 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 15 10 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 100 45 55 1,380 595 785
Lao 25 5 15 460 225 235
Thai 75 35 40 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 120 60 60 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 95 45 55 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 15 10 10 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 440 210 235 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 15 10 10 95 40 55
Finnish 45 20 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 385 185 205 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 25,975 12,440 13,535 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,545 680 865 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 23,685 11,445 12,240 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 155 75 85 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 590 245 345 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 640,990 312,945 328,045 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 576,335 282,615 293,715 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 21,495 10,540 10,950 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 7,720 3,120 4,605 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 34,335 16,160 18,175 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 60 25 35 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 34,275 16,135 18,140 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 205 85 125 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 400 195 210 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 490 220 275 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 523,485 252,970 270,515 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 497,400 240,370 257,030 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,755 45,591 31,227 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 497,580 240,385 257,195 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,943 40,114 28,634 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 450,935 222,785 228,150 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,606 44,922 29,097 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 349,685 151,985 197,700 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,840 1,631 5,014 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 385,985 197,510 188,480 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,704 44,472 32,281 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 523,485 252,970 270,515 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 496,955 239,905 257,050 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,018 58,216 40,434 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 497,145 239,925 257,220 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,280 46,704 34,288 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 450,320 222,340 227,985 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,598 58,488 38,953 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 349,105 151,155 197,945 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,090 6,365 7,644 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 385,985 197,255 188,725 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,217 55,920 40,165 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 523,485 252,970 270,515 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 191,215 106,020 85,200 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,089 66,395 53,793 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,517 77,133 60,038 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.8 93.0 85.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.1 78.7 72.7 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.2 7.0 14.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 523,485 252,970 270,515 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 26,085 12,600 13,485 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 497,400 240,370 257,030 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.0 95.0 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 73,800 31,630 42,170 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 76,740 30,080 46,660 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 59,100 23,145 35,955 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 50,115 22,000 28,115 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 49,640 23,300 26,335 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 41,460 20,875 20,580 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 32,920 17,815 15,105 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 26,460 15,180 11,280 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 21,490 12,540 8,950 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 18,150 10,325 7,830 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 47,535 33,480 14,055 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 33,825 23,040 10,785 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 13,710 10,440 3,265 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 523,485 252,970 270,510 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 25,900 12,585 13,320 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 497,585 240,385 257,200 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.0 95.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 75,920 32,070 43,850 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 80,275 31,630 48,645 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 68,605 27,660 40,945 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 62,700 28,485 34,215 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 58,660 29,010 29,650 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 44,300 23,890 20,410 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 33,590 19,570 14,020 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 26,270 15,225 11,045 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 47,260 32,845 14,410 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 16,970 10,660 6,310 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 9,910 6,875 3,030 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 20,385 15,310 5,070 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 523,480 252,970 270,510 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 137,500 55,465 82,035 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 385,985 197,505 188,480 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 73.7 78.1 69.7 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 56,155 28,635 27,520 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 29,245 12,575 16,670 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 45,835 20,145 25,685 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 35,690 15,580 20,110 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 34,130 14,935 19,195 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 33,755 15,355 18,395 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 30,340 15,280 15,060 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 25,355 13,740 11,620 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 21,470 12,435 9,040 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 74,010 48,820 25,190 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 18,225 10,725 7,495 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 16,130 9,120 7,005 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 39,660 28,975 10,685 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 227,910 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,834 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,398 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 44,380 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,798 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,908 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 183,525 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,544 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,658 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 227,905 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,886 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,865 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 44,375 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,062 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,943 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 183,535 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 120,141 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,726 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 227,905 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,890 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,725 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,725 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,010 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,400 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,080 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,835 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,080 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,730 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,485 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,510 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,475 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,730 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,505 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,980 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 99,745 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 29,645 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 22,555 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 26,735 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 20,810 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 227,910 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,085 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,755 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,795 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,275 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,130 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,950 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,880 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,920 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,100 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,465 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,250 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 18,700 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,400 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,310 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,220 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 76,675 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 30,520 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,610 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 26,545 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 179,625 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,043 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,198 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 52,480 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,910 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,774 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 92,455 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,140 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,456 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 29,965 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,311 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,821 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 179,510 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,898 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,401 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 52,385 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,118 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,282 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 92,490 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,831 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,085 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,945 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,308 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,643 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 60,295 28,515 31,780 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,521 41,938 34,351 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,628 36,742 31,241 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 60,230 28,440 31,800 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,099 51,876 42,828 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,195 42,202 36,505 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 639,490 312,280 327,210 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 255,840 120,390 135,450 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 42,085 20,055 22,030 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 46,015 20,540 25,480 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 50,080 23,230 26,850 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 56,220 26,720 29,500 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 61,435 29,850 31,585 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 383,650 191,890 191,760 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 67,645 33,300 34,345 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 74,095 36,590 37,505 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 80,920 40,450 40,465 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 87,405 43,980 43,425 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 73,590 37,565 36,020 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 639,365 312,205 327,155 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 141,345 72,110 69,230 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 43,280 22,090 21,195 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 409,770 199,825 209,945 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 88,250 40,275 47,980 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 62,035 28,460 33,570 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 18,740 9,525 9,215 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 5,930 3,020 2,910 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 36,030 16,450 19,575 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 7,270 2,485 4,785 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.7 9.1 10.3 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.3 13.2 13.3 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 13.7 13.7 13.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 8.2 9.3 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 8.2 6.2 10.0 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,065 18,315 19,745 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 10,665 5,425 5,240 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 3,330 1,710 1,620 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 25,025 12,010 13,010 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 2,370 880 1,495 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.0 5.9 6.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.5 7.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 7.7 7.6 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.0 6.2 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.2 3.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 639,495 312,285 327,210 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 634,250 310,160 324,095 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 633,865 309,970 323,895 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 47,090 19,805 27,280 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 127,260 61,080 66,180 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 125 40 85 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 95 25 70 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 0 30 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 0 20 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 15 40 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 55 15 40 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 20 20 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 15 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 127,135 61,040 66,095 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,310 3,800 3,505 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 315 150 165 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 35 25 10 245 140 110
Somali 280 125 155 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 6,985 3,655 3,330 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 275 145 135 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 5,925 3,135 2,790 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 25 30 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 570 285 285
Harari 125 60 60 55 35 20
Hebrew 300 160 135 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 360 170 195 315 155 155
Tigrigna 65 15 40 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,225 505 715 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 50 55 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 1,120 465 660 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 9,540 3,925 5,610 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 60 25 35 530 215 310
Cebuano 445 190 250 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 95 40 55 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 355 140 220 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 355 155 195 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 55 70 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,860 3,625 5,240 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 1,375 635 750 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 80 35 40 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 595 280 315 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 720 325 395 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 11,655 5,785 5,865 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 165 95 65 510 250 265
Malayalam 900 440 460 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 10,380 5,175 5,205 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 475 240 235 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 82,735 40,290 42,435 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 230 130 95 1,640 840 795
Armenian 490 230 260 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 13,270 6,230 7,040 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 225 95 130 1,030 515 520
Latvian 155 75 80 555 290 265
Lithuanian 70 20 50 475 220 250
Slavic languages 13,070 6,145 6,930 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 15 15 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 75 45 35 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 225 120 100 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 870 445 425 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 445 230 210 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 2,290 1,110 1,180 400 220 185
Polish 4,890 2,185 2,700 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,845 775 1,070 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 925 480 440 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 80 45 35 1,525 770 750
Slovak 315 140 175 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 365 160 205 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,840 860 980 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 85 50 30 420 215 205
Celtic languages 185 100 90 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 95 60 40 660 395 265
Welsh 25 10 20 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35 860 450 410
Germanic languages 9,165 4,220 4,945 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 380 155 220 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 255 95 160 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,745 1,295 1,450 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 100 50 50 465 230 240
German 5,605 2,625 2,980 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 25 0 25 405 210 195
Norwegian 105 45 60 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 190 80 110 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 30 545 270 275
Yiddish 30 10 20 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 155 95 60
Greek 3,835 1,890 1,940 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 33,260 16,530 16,725 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 26,840 13,375 13,465 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 2,075 990 1,085 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 4,040 2,000 2,035 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 7,580 3,815 3,765 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 45 25 20 60 30 25
Konkani 265 135 130 415 215 200
Marathi 265 140 125 1,475 780 695
Nepali 60 30 30 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,185 2,615 2,565 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 610 275 335 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,355 665 690 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 13,240 6,735 6,510 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 7,045 3,460 3,580 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 100 65 35 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 865 440 430 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 6,395 3,145 3,250 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 85 60 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 24,020 11,830 12,190 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 8,885 4,575 4,305 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 4,255 2,050 2,205 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,805 845 960 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 9,785 4,735 5,055 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 380 245 140
Japanese 515 195 320 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 895 435 460 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 2,410 1,185 1,220 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 400 195 200 630 350 280
Bamanankan 25 15 15 30 20 15
Edo 70 25 40 145 80 60
Ewe 45 20 25 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 25 25 105 30 70
Ga 45 15 30 150 95 50
Ganda 25 0 15 165 80 85
Igbo 115 70 50 425 240 185
Lingala 320 165 155 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 90 45 45 290 125 165
Shona 130 55 80 415 220 195
Swahili 460 245 215 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 20 10 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 440 200 240 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 490 255 230 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 10 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,075 395 680 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 645 200 440 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 440 190 245 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,830 4,140 4,695 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 8,725 4,095 4,630 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 3,965 1,790 2,175 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 115 55 60 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 4,985 2,370 2,615 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 290 150 140 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 55 60 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 275 125 150 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 115 50 60 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 30 15 15 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 70 30 40 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 245 155 95 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 105 60 45 1,630 735 890
Thai 160 100 60 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 390 190 200 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 40 10 30 945 510 435
Turkish 325 170 160 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 10 10 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 10 0 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,110 1,020 1,090 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 185 85 105 780 350 425
Finnish 270 140 130 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,655 795 860 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 639,495 312,285 327,215 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 614,080 300,175 313,905 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 138,940 71,150 67,785 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 475,140 229,025 246,120 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 25,415 12,105 13,305 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 639,490 312,280 327,210 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 485,560 239,245 246,320 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 150,885 71,355 79,530 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 55,475 26,185 29,295 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 22,725 10,805 11,925 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 31,090 14,690 16,400 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 31,275 14,805 16,465 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 17,425 8,265 9,155 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 13,855 6,545 7,310 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,315 4,870 5,450 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,045 1,680 1,365 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 150,885 71,355 79,530 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 16,915 8,555 8,365 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 31,555 15,710 15,845 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 37,000 16,125 20,875 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 55,445 26,815 28,635 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 9,970 4,150 5,815 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 150,880 71,350 79,530 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 40,065 18,085 21,980 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 445 165 280 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 640 315 325 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 515 275 240 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 8,100 3,645 4,450 1,305 600 710
Haiti 245 110 135 570 250 315
Jamaica 12,580 5,470 7,110 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 545 215 330 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 410 185 230 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 5,990 2,835 3,155 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,050 1,820 2,235 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 6,540 3,055 3,490 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 47,350 22,690 24,660 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 295 165 130 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 585 305 285 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 380 205 170 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 3,090 1,515 1,570 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 1,565 790 775 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 890 455 435 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,010 460 555 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 3,860 2,090 1,770 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 2,240 1,100 1,135 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 3,150 1,355 1,795 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 2,090 1,005 1,085 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 1,590 735 860 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 645 250 390 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 495 250 240 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 695 305 395 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 20,380 9,595 10,780 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 4,385 2,110 2,275 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 8,050 4,035 4,015 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 35 10 25 485 310 175
Egypt 1,155 610 550 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 365 180 185 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 590 285 305 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 145 85 55 985 535 455
Nigeria 960 480 480 1,740 925 815
Somalia 170 85 90 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 960 500 465 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 3,670 1,810 1,865 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 54,820 26,225 28,595 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 3,405 1,685 1,725 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 1,385 665 715 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,230 1,890 2,345 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,300 590 710 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 10,070 4,985 5,085 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,050 560 490 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 550 285 260 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 165 30 130 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 755 380 375 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,045 585 460 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 8,025 4,115 3,910 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 9,350 3,895 5,455 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 7,860 3,795 4,065 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 255 135 120 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 290 125 170 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 955 405 550 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 4,120 2,105 2,020 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 595 320 275 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,315 4,870 5,450 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 2,200 1,130 1,070 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 85 35 50 1,145 525 615
Colombia 90 55 40 580 250 325
Cuba 45 30 15 140 60 80
Haiti 55 25 30 35 35 10
Jamaica 590 350 240 625 355 265
Mexico 110 45 60 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 450 210 240 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 15 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 760 370 385 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,075 520 555 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 30 10 20 970 510 460
Germany 35 15 20 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 25 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 15 245 120 125
Romania 125 55 70 690 310 380