Census Profile, 2016 Census
York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,109,909 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,032,524 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 369,928 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 357,084 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 629.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,762.13 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,109,910 540,755 569,150 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 195,575 100,440 95,130 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 57,235 29,205 28,025 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 67,345 34,665 32,680 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 71,000 36,575 34,430 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 752,410 365,525 386,885 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 74,910 38,615 36,295 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 71,965 37,465 34,495 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 63,860 32,140 31,720 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 62,910 30,105 32,800 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 68,510 31,260 37,255 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 81,615 37,885 43,730 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 89,925 42,655 47,270 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 92,240 44,860 47,380 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 80,930 39,135 41,795 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 65,540 31,395 34,140 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 161,925 74,790 87,135 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 56,415 27,155 29,260 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 37,465 17,900 19,570 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 28,670 13,525 15,145 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 20,175 9,160 11,020 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 19,195 7,055 12,140 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 12,215 4,850 7,365 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 5,435 1,780 3,650 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,355 380 980 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 190 45 145 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.6 16.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.8 67.6 68.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.6 13.8 15.3 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.9 39.0 40.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.1 40.0 42.0 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 357,085 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 227,725 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,805 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 92,440 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 21,945 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 43,890 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 15,170 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,085 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 355 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 110 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 357,080 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 52,505 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 93,885 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 72,070 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 83,360 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 55,270 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,100,950 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.1 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 914,340 440,315 474,015 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 565,770 281,540 284,225 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 529,195 263,360 265,835 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 36,570 18,180 18,395 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 348,570 158,775 189,795 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 245,890 129,890 116,005 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 18,855 7,115 11,745 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 41,075 14,095 26,980 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 42,745 7,680 35,065 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 319,535 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 119,170 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 81,005 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 88,875 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,485 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 319,535 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 275,595 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 257,325 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 18,270 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 43,940 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 35,455 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 8,485 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 275,590 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 93,850 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 181,745 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 66,790 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 85,340 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 29,615 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 43,940 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 25,320 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 14,220 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 4,400 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 104,335 42,125 62,215 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 357,085 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 277,380 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 76,320 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 201,060 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 20,350 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 59,350 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 52,505 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,850 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,103,285 538,500 564,785 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 967,750 481,900 485,850 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 485 195 290 1,110 530 580
English and French 73,200 30,955 42,250 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 61,855 25,455 36,405 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,103,290 538,500 564,785 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,023,355 504,985 518,365 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 8,855 3,925 4,925 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 10,020 4,510 5,510 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 61,060 25,075 35,980 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 13,865 6,180 7,680 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,103,285 538,500 564,785 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,063,225 519,200 544,030 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 533,450 267,420 266,035 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 525,395 263,835 261,565 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 8,055 3,585 4,465 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 529,775 251,775 277,995 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 50 25 30 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 315 135 180
Blackfoot 5 5 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 25 10 20 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 529,725 251,755 277,970 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,725 9,945 9,785 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 15 10 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 320 140 185 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 15 15 165 95 75
Somali 300 125 170 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 19,375 9,780 9,595 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 205 90 110 1,140 560 585
Arabic 10,465 5,220 5,240 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,725 830 895 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 505 260 250 440 240 195
Harari 50 20 25 25 10 15
Hebrew 5,795 3,060 2,735 1,770 960 805
Maltese 370 175 195 80 40 40
Tigrigna 140 65 75 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,975 3,590 4,385 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,255 600 655 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 6,715 2,995 3,725 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 15,610 5,770 9,845 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 40 20 20 310 140 170
Cebuano 375 135 240 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 10 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 180 60 120 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 830 325 505 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 5 15 0 10
Malay 815 365 450 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 35 45 635 290 345
Pangasinan 35 20 15 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,160 4,770 8,390 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 30 15 15 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 830 360 470
Creole languages 480 235 240 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 345 170 175 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 23,920 11,585 12,335 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 210 115 100 225 115 110
Malayalam 1,445 710 730 1,750 905 845
Tamil 21,545 10,410 11,140 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 705 350 355 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 238,555 114,865 123,685 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,435 705 730 1,090 560 530
Armenian 3,435 1,685 1,750 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 52,545 24,580 27,965 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 635 250 380 645 280 370
Latvian 250 90 155 320 145 175
Lithuanian 380 160 220 325 130 200
Slavic languages 51,915 24,330 27,585 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 115 50 65 60 30 30
Bosnian 145 65 75 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 760 365 400 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,155 545 610 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 435 190 250 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 2,640 1,255 1,385 250 120 135
Polish 4,400 2,005 2,395 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 37,315 17,570 19,745 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,545 780 765 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 165 85 80 1,145 545 600
Slovak 430 175 250 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 455 210 245 545 250 290
Ukrainian 2,295 1,000 1,295 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 180 90 90
Celtic languages 45 25 25 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 5 125 65 60
Welsh 25 15 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 7,865 3,620 4,250 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 165 75 90 1,435 730 705
Danish 275 135 145 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,455 685 770 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 20 5 10 80 30 50
German 4,750 2,175 2,575 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 10 5 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 40 20 25 835 410 430
Swedish 140 55 80 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 15 200 105 95
Yiddish 975 440 535 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 20 15
Greek 7,465 3,630 3,840 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 82,575 40,810 41,770 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 43,850 21,545 22,300 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,585 815 770 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 9,475 4,590 4,875 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 5,300 2,580 2,715 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 40 20 20 40 25 15
Konkani 175 80 90 225 110 110
Marathi 430 210 225 535 280 255
Nepali 125 60 65 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 20 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,750 4,870 4,880 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 1,345 645 700 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 990 465 525 1,455 730 725
Urdu 14,610 7,200 7,410 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 38,475 19,130 19,340 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 715 385 325 1,650 875 780
Pashto 605 300 310 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 37,160 18,450 18,705 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 255 130 120 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 83,175 39,815 43,360 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 20 5 10 125 65 55
Italian 54,685 26,400 28,280 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 7,440 3,480 3,965 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 6,560 3,115 3,445 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 14,440 6,795 7,640 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 60 40 25
Japanese 1,165 425 740 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 190 105 90 65 40 25
Georgian 185 105 85 65 40 25
Korean 12,955 6,155 6,805 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 340 145 200
Mongolian 20 10 10 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,410 680 730 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 385 185 200 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 5 0 10 10 5
Edo 40 20 15 80 45 30
Ewe 40 20 20 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 10 20 10 5
Ga 30 15 15 35 15 15
Ganda 25 15 15 65 35 30
Igbo 140 70 75 160 90 65
Lingala 10 5 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 105 45 55
Shona 35 15 20 150 70 85
Swahili 270 125 145 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 225 120 105 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 170 85 85 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 15 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 190 85 100
Sign languages 150 85 65 620 330 295
American Sign Language 25 15 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 125 75 55 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 199,205 94,330 104,875 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 198,980 94,225 104,755 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 108,675 51,650 57,030 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 2,980 1,395 1,585 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 78,965 37,350 41,615 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 275 125 145 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,615 1,690 1,930 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,795 810 990 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,610 1,180 1,430 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 225 105 120 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 170 75 90 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 35 20 15 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 1,030 435 595 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 750 355 400 800 405 400
Thai 270 80 185 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 20 10 10
Turkic languages 3,230 1,665 1,570 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 585 315 270 495 275 225
Turkish 2,420 1,240 1,185 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 20 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 100 45 55 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 165 70 95
Uralic languages 3,990 1,820 2,170 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 335 140 190 455 195 260
Finnish 575 240 335 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 3,080 1,435 1,645 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 80 35 40 365 200 170
Multiple responses 40,060 19,300 20,760 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 2,110 980 1,135 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 35,875 17,400 18,475 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 865 395 470 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 1,205 535 675 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,103,285 538,500 564,790 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,004,035 490,600 513,435 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 687,865 340,820 347,050 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 684,910 339,505 345,405 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 2,960 1,315 1,645 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 316,170 149,780 166,390 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 5 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 316,155 149,775 166,385 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,110 4,435 4,675 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 0 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 165 75 95 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 10 5 80 40 35
Somali 145 60 85 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 8,935 4,360 4,575 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 65 30 35 535 250 290
Arabic 4,660 2,225 2,440 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,030 465 565 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 270 130 140 305 160 145
Harari 15 10 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 2,700 1,420 1,280 785 400 385
Maltese 55 25 30 5 5 0
Tigrigna 65 30 30 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 25 45 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,495 2,030 2,465 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 725 315 405 620 290 330
Vietnamese 3,770 1,715 2,055 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 5,830 2,490 3,340 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 115 45 70 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 45 15 25 355 150 205
Ilocano 295 125 170 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 5 5 0 5 5 0
Malay 295 155 145 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,020 2,115 2,900 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 245 120 120 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 190 90 100 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 15,295 7,210 8,080 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 70 35 40 95 45 50
Malayalam 640 310 330 885 450 435
Tamil 14,250 6,700 7,545 1,935 965 965
Telugu 330 165 170 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 114,395 54,195 60,200 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 665 325 340 530 255 270
Armenian 1,780 850 930 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 29,765 14,155 15,615 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 175 80 90 160 75 90
Latvian 50 20 25 65 30 35
Lithuanian 130 60 70 90 45 50
Slavic languages 29,590 14,065 15,520 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 40 20 20 10 5 5
Bosnian 55 25 30 540 270 270
Bulgarian 360 160 195 925 425 495
Croatian 295 140 155 1,795 840 955
Czech 70 35 40 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 890 405 480 120 60 60
Polish 1,545 745 800 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 24,545 11,685 12,855 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 690 340 350 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 50 25 25 435 205 235
Slovak 110 50 65 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 40 45 60 25 35
Ukrainian 855 390 465 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 795 375 420 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 40 20 25 520 250 265
Danish 15 5 10 180 90 90
Dutch 80 40 40 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 565 265 305 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 25 10 15 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 60 30 25 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 2,315 1,080 1,230 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 49,735 24,025 25,705 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 23,260 11,135 12,120 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 830 410 420 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 5,080 2,360 2,720 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 2,420 1,165 1,255 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 15 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 30 15 15 40 15 15
Marathi 165 80 85 245 125 120
Nepali 70 35 35 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,370 2,610 2,760 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 465 215 250 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 420 200 225 595 290 305
Urdu 8,370 4,045 4,325 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 26,360 12,830 13,530 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 350 190 165 1,025 515 505
Pashto 310 145 165 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 25,705 12,505 13,205 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 29,340 13,380 15,965 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 10 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 16,485 7,255 9,230 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 2,320 1,105 1,210 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 3,365 1,575 1,785 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 7,165 3,430 3,735 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 10
Japanese 535 240 305 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 90 50 35 15 10 10
Georgian 90 55 30 15 10 10
Korean 9,210 4,435 4,770 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 15 10 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 15 5 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 355 150 205 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 140 60 85 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 5 5 15 5 5
Ewe 10 5 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 35 10 25 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 10 5 5 40 15 20
Swahili 65 25 35 155 60 90
Wolof 5 5 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 35 15 20 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 240 135 105 830 460 370
American Sign Language 50 25 25 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 190 115 80 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 152,975 72,665 80,310 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 152,870 72,615 80,250 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 83,405 39,255 44,145 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 1,285 595 690 670 280 390
Mandarin 63,770 30,715 33,060 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 80 30 50 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,505 695 810 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,125 540 580 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,675 770 905 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 105 50 60 1,630 820 810
Burmese 75 35 45 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 20 10 10 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 440 215 225 1,015 435 580
Lao 360 175 180 335 160 175
Thai 75 35 40 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 1,680 830 850 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 250 125 125 185 95 90
Turkish 1,350 660 690 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 25 15 15 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 40 15 25
Uralic languages 1,220 550 670 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 65 30 40 75 30 45
Finnish 120 55 70 435 190 240
Hungarian 1,030 465 565 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 99,250 47,900 51,350 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,770 825 945 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 95,380 46,190 49,190 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 285 120 165 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 1,815 765 1,045 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,103,290 538,500 564,785 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 817,470 401,410 416,065 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 125,870 61,690 64,180 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 7,615 3,195 4,420 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 147,335 69,965 77,370 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 40 20 20 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 147,290 69,940 77,350 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 780 345 435 965 435 530
English and non-official language 2,665 1,285 1,375 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 1,510 595 915 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 40 15 20 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 905,545 437,285 468,255 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 859,850 414,745 445,100 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,994 39,340 28,446 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 860,030 414,795 445,230 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,288 35,405 26,477 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 778,115 383,045 395,075 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,297 40,255 27,763 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 606,580 265,135 341,445 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,953 903 3,232 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 649,045 328,720 320,325 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,290 42,476 31,343 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 905,545 437,285 468,255 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 859,565 414,630 444,930 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,867 60,882 41,534 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 859,730 414,685 445,045 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,049 47,768 34,789 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 777,375 383,010 394,365 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,547 62,198 41,204 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 607,260 265,620 341,640 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,013 5,350 6,529 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 649,045 328,905 320,140 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,177 61,657 42,437 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 905,540 437,290 468,255 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 319,420 178,480 140,940 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,914 65,701 53,923 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,216 84,288 63,728 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.6 94.4 87.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.6 80.6 73.5 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.4 5.6 12.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 905,545 437,290 468,255 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 45,695 22,545 23,150 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 859,850 414,745 445,105 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.0 94.8 95.1 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 153,565 67,250 86,315 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 149,160 63,105 86,055 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 101,740 43,910 57,830 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 79,290 35,230 44,060 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 71,465 32,350 39,115 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 58,740 27,995 30,745 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 48,310 24,785 23,525 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 39,365 21,225 18,135 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 33,210 18,765 14,445 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 30,600 16,375 14,225 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 94,415 63,750 30,660 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 60,710 38,970 21,740 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 33,705 24,785 8,915 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 905,545 437,285 468,255 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 45,520 22,490 23,025 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 860,030 414,800 445,230 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 94.9 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 156,585 68,235 88,345 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 154,935 65,800 89,140 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 115,705 50,270 65,430 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 94,875 42,500 52,370 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 83,675 39,440 44,230 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 65,245 33,265 31,980 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 50,870 28,295 22,570 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 43,065 23,825 19,245 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 95,075 63,160 31,915 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 29,760 17,415 12,345 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 17,845 11,675 6,165 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 47,470 34,065 13,405 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 905,545 437,290 468,255 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 256,500 108,570 147,930 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 649,045 328,720 320,325 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.7 75.2 68.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 79,430 36,680 42,755 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 54,120 24,350 29,775 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 88,210 41,275 46,935 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 65,175 29,430 35,740 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 58,215 26,065 32,150 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 54,055 24,715 29,340 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 45,970 22,510 23,460 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 38,615 20,145 18,470 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 32,120 17,875 14,250 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 133,130 85,670 47,455 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 28,395 16,350 12,050 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 27,645 14,705 12,935 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 77,085 54,615 22,470 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 357,085 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,776 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,804 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 52,500 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,454 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,026 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 304,585 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,385 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,578 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 357,085 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 122,446 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 98,832 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 52,565 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 57,702 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,180 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 304,515 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 133,622 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,921 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 357,085 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,500 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,450 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,325 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,965 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,355 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,455 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,985 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,085 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,920 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,870 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,215 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,700 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 20,190 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,530 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,170 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 170,370 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 42,390 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 34,225 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,395 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 48,355 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 357,085 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,055 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,525 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,435 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,330 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,155 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,380 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,270 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,625 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,085 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,930 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,790 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,055 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,930 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 23,930 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,955 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 139,635 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,615 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,530 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 59,495 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 301,820 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,298 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,633 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 73,975 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,225 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,066 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 181,785 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,337 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,763 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 37,465 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,186 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,183 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 301,660 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 132,766 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,111 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 74,015 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 115,111 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,059 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 181,555 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 151,941 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,411 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,470 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 77,761 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,120 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 73,925 32,615 41,305 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,437 36,813 31,250 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,558 33,044 28,942 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 73,920 32,525 41,395 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,689 54,146 46,187 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,315 43,053 38,164 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,100,950 537,640 563,305 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 445,670 212,490 233,185 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 91,175 43,965 47,215 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 89,325 41,370 47,955 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 86,835 41,200 45,640 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 85,940 41,350 44,590 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 92,395 44,610 47,785 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 655,280 325,155 330,125 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 99,705 48,690 51,015 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 111,200 54,605 56,600 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 127,460 62,975 64,485 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 148,525 73,995 74,535 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 168,380 84,890 83,495 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,100,690 537,525 563,165 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 240,140 123,460 116,685 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 69,750 35,665 34,085 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 705,355 341,145 364,210 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 155,190 72,920 82,275 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 132,450 63,060 69,395 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 34,050 17,770 16,285 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 10,015 5,240 4,775 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 80,570 37,700 42,870 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 17,825 7,590 10,240 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.0 11.7 12.3 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 14.2 14.4 14.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 14.4 14.7 14.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.1 11.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.5 10.4 12.4 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 101,265 48,450 52,815 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 25,495 13,300 12,195 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 7,470 3,930 3,540 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 65,660 30,995 34,660 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 10,115 4,155 5,955 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.0 9.4 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.8 10.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 10.7 11.0 10.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.1 9.5 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 6.5 5.7 7.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,100,950 537,640 563,305 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,039,185 512,470 526,715 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,038,690 512,245 526,440 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 73,385 30,930 42,455 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 642,375 306,045 336,335 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 130 65 65 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 120 55 60 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 10 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 10 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 10 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 100 45 55 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 95 40 55 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 642,250 305,980 336,270 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 36,690 18,525 18,170 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 35 20 20 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 455 205 255 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 55 30 25 190 110 80
Somali 405 175 230 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 36,235 18,315 17,920 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 450 225 225 1,755 905 855
Arabic 15,340 7,735 7,605 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,080 970 1,105 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 580 320 265 545 270 275
Harari 50 25 30 55 35 20
Hebrew 18,265 9,325 8,940 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 545 280 270 165 90 80
Tigrigna 170 75 100 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 55 100 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 11,410 5,055 6,350 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,650 785 865 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 9,805 4,295 5,510 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 20,200 7,420 12,780 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 35 0 30 495 205 285
Cebuano 510 190 320 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 15 10 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 120 55 70 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 1,150 450 700 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 25 15 0 10 0 0
Malay 1,220 535 685 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 45 50 775 350 430
Pangasinan 25 15 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,455 6,690 11,765 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 35 15 20 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 155 55 95 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 1,365 675 690 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 20 0 15 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 795 400 395 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 560 275 290 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 31,440 15,325 16,115 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 375 175 195 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,955 930 1,025 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 28,445 13,885 14,565 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 1,210 600 610 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 307,865 148,660 159,205 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,640 820 825 1,135 580 555
Armenian 3,950 1,900 2,055 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 60,455 28,650 31,805 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 890 390 505 635 310 325
Latvian 395 170 225 310 175 140
Lithuanian 500 220 280 325 135 185
Slavic languages 60,065 28,495 31,565 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 285 150 140 205 95 110
Bosnian 245 110 135 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 850 390 465 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,710 790 920 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 545 250 295 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 3,945 1,940 2,010 345 180 160
Polish 5,170 2,415 2,755 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 44,785 21,215 23,570 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,935 1,010 925 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 250 140 105 1,240 595 645
Slovak 530 215 315 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 565 285 280 725 330 400
Ukrainian 4,870 2,265 2,605 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 25 250 120 125
Celtic languages 165 80 85 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 95 45 50 350 225 120
Welsh 40 20 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 685 370 320
Germanic languages 13,660 6,420 7,245 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 1,150 565 575 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 300 135 160 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,055 875 1,175 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 25 10 15 120 55 65
German 8,220 3,895 4,320 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 0 15 215 110 100
Norwegian 180 95 85 1,405 730 680
Swedish 330 150 180 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 20 15 220 125 100
Yiddish 1,785 880 905 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 75 40 30
Greek 11,310 5,545 5,765 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 106,865 52,795 54,065 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 62,210 30,850 31,360 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 2,225 1,140 1,080 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 13,010 6,220 6,785 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 20,870 10,240 10,635 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 35 20 15 45 25 20
Konkani 405 200 205 375 185 190
Marathi 825 455 375 1,275 650 625
Nepali 210 95 115 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 95 40 60 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,020 8,710 8,305 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 2,085 935 1,150 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,125 1,100 1,030 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 22,885 11,505 11,380 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 45,295 22,260 23,035 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,230 670 570 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 680 370 310 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 44,030 21,595 22,430 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 470 245 225 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 116,680 55,850 60,830 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 35 15 15 245 125 120
Italian 78,395 37,680 40,715 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 9,880 4,690 5,195 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 7,695 3,640 4,055 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 24,520 11,640 12,880 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 220 130 85
Japanese 2,530 1,115 1,410 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 260 125 130 90 50 40
Georgian 255 125 135 90 50 45
Korean 15,245 7,265 7,980 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 50 15 30 320 155 170
Mongolian 50 20 35 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 3,325 1,680 1,645 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 670 340 330 495 280 215
Bamanankan 30 25 10 20 10 10
Edo 45 25 20 115 65 55
Ewe 45 25 20 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 45 10 35
Ga 30 20 15 95 60 35
Ganda 50 30 15 105 60 45
Igbo 235 90 150 240 140 95
Lingala 60 30 25 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 70 25 40 265 125 140
Swahili 1,300 680 620 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 15 10 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 450 225 225 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 460 235 225 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 25 30 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 250 120 135
Sign languages 700 265 435 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 340 115 230 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 365 155 210 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 224,860 106,860 117,990 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 224,695 106,795 117,895 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 133,810 63,235 70,575 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 3,480 1,585 1,895 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 115,265 53,825 61,440 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 175 50 120 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,300 1,925 2,375 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,515 1,180 1,330 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,875 1,350 1,520 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 110 135 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 190 85 105 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 35 20 20 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,285 540 745 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 915 425 485 1,125 505 620
Thai 435 145 285 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 5,500 2,790 2,705 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 1,030 535 500 835 455 385
Turkish 4,370 2,195 2,175 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 120 55 65 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 225 125 105
Uralic languages 4,810 2,220 2,595 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 525 240 290 495 205 295
Finnish 705 300 405 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 3,600 1,685 1,915 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 200 100 95 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,100,950 537,645 563,305 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 993,335 488,255 505,080 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 227,510 116,845 110,660 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 765,825 371,410 394,415 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 107,615 49,385 58,230 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,100,950 537,645 563,305 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 570,710 287,520 283,190 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 515,225 243,380 271,850 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 119,395 57,695 61,705 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 75,145 36,255 38,890 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 139,815 66,135 73,680 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 129,465 59,915 69,550 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 72,605 33,845 38,760 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 56,860 26,075 30,790 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 51,405 23,380 28,025 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,010 6,745 8,265 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 515,230 243,385 271,850 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 43,285 21,545 21,735 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 84,305 42,520 41,790 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 111,620 50,505 61,115 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 218,675 102,965 115,715 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 57,340 25,845 31,490 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 515,225 243,380 271,845 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 42,700 19,670 23,030 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 1,165 560 600 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,850 875 970 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 985 450 535 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 6,900 3,120 3,780 920 415 500
Haiti 135 70 70 265 110 160
Jamaica 8,660 3,830 4,830 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,060 465 595 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 1,165 525 635 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 3,870 1,845 2,025 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,420 3,340 4,080 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 9,495 4,590 4,905 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 119,590 56,995 62,595 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 580 315 270 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 930 415 515 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 720 340 380 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 3,660 1,630 2,025 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 4,770 2,475 2,295 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,715 770 945 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 780 365 415 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 36,040 17,745 18,295 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,355 655 700 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 3,730 1,635 2,095 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 4,710 2,225 2,480 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 6,285 2,955 3,335 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 13,820 6,185 7,635 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,040 485 555 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 9,910 4,725 5,185 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,895 7,050 7,845 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 14,645 7,030 7,615 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 20,925 10,265 10,665 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 80 25 55 430 270 150
Egypt 3,970 2,020 1,950 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 405 215 190 1,665 835 825
Kenya 2,100 980 1,115 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 1,010 525 490 730 385 340
Nigeria 1,105 490 615 1,205 630 575
Somalia 355 135 220 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 3,925 1,940 1,985 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 7,980 3,945 4,035 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 331,090 156,020 175,070 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 3,895 1,970 1,925 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,330 695 640 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 99,195 45,730 53,460 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 50,850 24,260 26,590 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 28,625 13,940 14,680 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 32,615 16,020 16,600 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 4,675 2,320 2,355 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 815 295 520 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 11,330 5,420 5,910 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 2,190 1,075 1,115 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 12,885 6,355 6,540 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 18,180 7,065 11,115 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 19,545 9,460 10,090 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 810 415 385 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 4,530 1,985 2,545 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 11,295 4,975 6,325 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 28,320 14,045 14,275 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 920 430 490 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 51,405 23,385 28,020 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 3,075 1,470 1,605 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 210 80 130 960 445 520
Colombia 120 50 70 465 220 240
Cuba 90 55 35 70 35 30
Haiti 20 15 10 15 0 10
Jamaica 320 140 180 160 115 45
Mexico 210 115 95 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,140 570 565 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 125 55 75 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 840 400 435 1,855 875 975
Europe 4,255 1,965 2,295 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 55 35 20 790 415 370
Germany 105 65 40 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 35 15 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 310 150 155 200 110