Census Profile, 2016 Census
York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,109,909 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,032,524 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 369,928 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 357,084 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 629.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,762.13 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,109,910 540,755 569,150 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 195,575 100,440 95,130 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 57,235 29,205 28,025 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 67,345 34,665 32,680 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 71,000 36,575 34,430 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 752,410 365,525 386,885 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 74,910 38,615 36,295 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 71,965 37,465 34,495 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 63,860 32,140 31,720 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 62,910 30,105 32,800 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 68,510 31,260 37,255 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 81,615 37,885 43,730 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 89,925 42,655 47,270 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 92,240 44,860 47,380 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 80,930 39,135 41,795 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 65,540 31,395 34,140 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 161,925 74,790 87,135 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 56,415 27,155 29,260 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 37,465 17,900 19,570 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 28,670 13,525 15,145 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 20,175 9,160 11,020 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 19,195 7,055 12,140 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 12,215 4,850 7,365 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 5,435 1,780 3,650 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,355 380 980 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 190 45 145 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.6 16.7 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 67.8 67.6 68.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 14.6 13.8 15.3 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.9 39.0 40.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.1 40.0 42.0 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 357,085 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 227,725 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,805 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 92,440 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 21,945 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 43,890 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 15,170 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,085 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 355 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 110 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 357,080 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 52,505 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 93,885 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 72,070 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 83,360 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 55,270 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,100,950 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 3.1 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 914,340 440,315 474,015 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 565,770 281,540 284,225 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 529,195 263,360 265,835 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 36,570 18,180 18,395 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 348,570 158,775 189,795 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 245,890 129,890 116,005 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 18,855 7,115 11,745 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 41,075 14,095 26,980 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 42,745 7,680 35,065 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 319,535 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 119,170 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 81,005 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 88,875 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,485 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 319,535 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 275,595 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 257,325 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 18,270 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 43,940 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 35,455 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 8,485 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 275,590 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 93,850 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 181,745 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 66,790 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 85,340 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 29,615 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 43,940 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 25,320 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 14,220 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 4,400 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 104,335 42,125 62,215 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 357,085 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 277,380 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 76,320 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 201,060 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 20,350 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 59,350 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 52,505 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,850 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,103,285 538,500 564,785 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 967,750 481,900 485,850 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 485 195 290 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 73,200 30,955 42,250 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 61,855 25,455 36,405 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,103,290 538,500 564,785 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 1,023,355 504,985 518,365 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 8,855 3,925 4,925 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 10,020 4,510 5,510 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 61,060 25,075 35,980 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 13,865 6,180 7,680 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.1 1.4 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,103,285 538,500 564,785 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 1,063,225 519,200 544,030 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 533,450 267,420 266,035 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 525,395 263,835 261,565 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 8,055 3,585 4,465 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 529,775 251,775 277,995 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 50 25 30 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 5 5 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 25 10 20 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 5 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 5 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 529,725 251,755 277,970 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,725 9,945 9,785 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 15 10 5 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 10 5 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 320 140 185 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 25 15 15 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 300 125 170 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 19,375 9,780 9,595 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 205 90 110 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 10,465 5,220 5,240 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,725 830 895 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 505 260 250 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 50 20 25 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 5,795 3,060 2,735 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 370 175 195 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 140 65 75 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,975 3,590 4,385 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,255 600 655 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 6,715 2,995 3,725 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 15,610 5,770 9,845 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 40 20 20 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 375 135 240 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 10 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 180 60 120 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 830 325 505 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 5 0 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 815 365 450 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 35 45 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 35 20 15 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,160 4,770 8,390 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 30 15 15 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 480 235 240 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 345 170 175 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 23,920 11,585 12,335 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 210 115 100 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 1,445 710 730 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 21,545 10,410 11,140 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 705 350 355 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 238,555 114,865 123,685 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 1,435 705 730 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 3,435 1,685 1,750 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 52,545 24,580 27,965 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 635 250 380 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 250 90 155 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 380 160 220 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 51,915 24,330 27,585 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 115 50 65 810 385 430
Bosnian 145 65 75 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 760 365 400 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 1,155 545 610 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 435 190 250 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 2,640 1,255 1,385 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 4,400 2,005 2,395 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 37,315 17,570 19,745 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,545 780 765 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 165 85 80 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 430 175 250 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 455 210 245 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 2,295 1,000 1,295 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 45 25 25 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 25 15 10 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 7,865 3,620 4,250 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 165 75 90 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 275 135 145 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 1,455 685 770 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 20 5 10 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 4,750 2,175 2,575 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 10 5 10 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 40 20 25 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 140 55 80 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 15 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 975 440 535 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 525 280 240
Greek 7,465 3,630 3,840 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 82,575 40,810 41,770 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 43,850 21,545 22,300 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 1,585 815 770 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 9,475 4,590 4,875 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 5,300 2,580 2,715 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 40 20 20 565 300 265
Konkani 175 80 90 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 430 210 225 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 125 60 65 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 20 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,750 4,870 4,880 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 1,345 645 700 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 990 465 525 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 14,610 7,200 7,410 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 38,475 19,130 19,340 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 715 385 325 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 605 300 310 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 37,160 18,450 18,705 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 255 130 120 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 83,175 39,815 43,360 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 20 5 10 865 440 425
Italian 54,685 26,400 28,280 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 7,440 3,480 3,965 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 6,560 3,115 3,445 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 14,440 6,795 7,640 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 720 380 340
Japanese 1,165 425 740 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 190 105 90 1,715 910 805
Georgian 185 105 85 1,715 910 805
Korean 12,955 6,155 6,805 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 20 10 10 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 1,410 680 730 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 385 185 200 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 5 5 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 40 20 15 1,670 770 900
Ewe 40 20 20 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 10 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 30 15 15 920 445 470
Ganda 25 15 15 1,295 625 665
Igbo 140 70 75 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 10 5 5 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 35 15 20 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 270 125 145 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 225 120 105 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 170 85 85 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 15 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 150 85 65 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 25 15 10 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 125 75 55 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 199,205 94,330 104,875 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 198,980 94,225 104,755 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 108,675 51,650 57,030 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 2,980 1,395 1,585 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 78,965 37,350 41,615 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 275 125 145 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,615 1,690 1,930 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,795 810 990 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,610 1,180 1,430 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 225 105 120 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 170 75 90 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 35 20 15 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 1,030 435 595 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 750 355 400 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 270 80 185 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 80 35 55
Turkic languages 3,230 1,665 1,570 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 585 315 270 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 2,420 1,240 1,185 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 20 5 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 100 45 55 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 3,990 1,820 2,170 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 335 140 190 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 575 240 335 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 3,080 1,435 1,645 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 80 35 40 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 40,060 19,300 20,760 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 2,110 980 1,135 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 35,875 17,400 18,475 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 865 395 470 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 1,205 535 675 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,103,285 538,500 564,790 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 1,004,035 490,600 513,435 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 687,865 340,820 347,050 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 684,910 339,505 345,405 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 2,960 1,315 1,645 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 316,170 149,780 166,390 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 5 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 5 5 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 5 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 5 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 5 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 316,155 149,775 166,385 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,110 4,435 4,675 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 5 0 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 5 0 5 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 165 75 95 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 15 10 5 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 145 60 85 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 8,935 4,360 4,575 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 65 30 35 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 4,660 2,225 2,440 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,030 465 565 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 270 130 140 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 15 10 10 735 335 400
Hebrew 2,700 1,420 1,280 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 55 25 30 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 65 30 30 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 25 45 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,495 2,030 2,465 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 725 315 405 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 3,770 1,715 2,055 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 5,830 2,490 3,340 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 5 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 115 45 70 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 45 15 25 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 295 125 170 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 5 5 0 435 220 210
Malay 295 155 145 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,020 2,115 2,900 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 245 120 120 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 190 90 100 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 15,295 7,210 8,080 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 70 35 40 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 640 310 330 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 14,250 6,700 7,545 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 330 165 170 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 114,395 54,195 60,200 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 665 325 340 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 1,780 850 930 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 29,765 14,155 15,615 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 175 80 90 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 50 20 25 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 130 60 70 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 29,590 14,065 15,520 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 40 20 20 230 105 120
Bosnian 55 25 30 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 360 160 195 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 295 140 155 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 70 35 40 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 890 405 480 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 1,545 745 800 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 24,545 11,685 12,855 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 690 340 350 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 50 25 25 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 110 50 65 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 40 45 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 855 390 465 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 5 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 795 375 420 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 40 20 25 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 15 5 10 855 410 445
Dutch 80 40 40 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 565 265 305 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 5 0 5 270 120 150
Norwegian 5 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 25 10 15 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 60 30 25 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 2,315 1,080 1,230 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 49,735 24,025 25,705 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 23,260 11,135 12,120 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 830 410 420 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 5,080 2,360 2,720 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 2,420 1,165 1,255 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 15 5 5 135 70 70
Konkani 30 15 15 720 355 370
Marathi 165 80 85 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 70 35 35 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,370 2,610 2,760 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 465 215 250 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 420 200 225 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 8,370 4,045 4,325 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 26,360 12,830 13,530 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 350 190 165 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 310 145 165 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 25,705 12,505 13,205 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 29,340 13,380 15,965 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 10 5 5 355 165 190
Italian 16,485 7,255 9,230 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 2,320 1,105 1,210 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 3,365 1,575 1,785 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 7,165 3,430 3,735 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 180 85 95
Japanese 535 240 305 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 90 50 35 1,040 565 475
Georgian 90 55 30 1,035 565 475
Korean 9,210 4,435 4,770 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 15 10 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 15 5 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 355 150 205 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 140 60 85 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 5 5 5 415 175 240
Ewe 10 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 825 400 425
Ga 5 5 5 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 35 10 25 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 1,530 670 865
Shona 10 5 5 1,035 475 560
Swahili 65 25 35 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 5 5 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 35 15 20 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 240 135 105 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 50 25 25 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 190 115 80 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 152,975 72,665 80,310 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 152,870 72,615 80,250 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 83,405 39,255 44,145 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 1,285 595 690 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 63,770 30,715 33,060 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 80 30 50 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,505 695 810 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,125 540 580 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,675 770 905 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 105 50 60 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 75 35 45 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 20 10 10 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 440 215 225 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 360 175 180 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 75 35 40 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 1,680 830 850 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 250 125 125 1,245 640 610
Turkish 1,350 660 690 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 5 0 5 610 315 290
Uzbek 25 15 15 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 455 230 225
Uralic languages 1,220 550 670 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 65 30 40 975 365 610
Finnish 120 55 70 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 1,030 465 565 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 99,250 47,900 51,350 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 1,770 825 945 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 95,380 46,190 49,190 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 285 120 165 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 1,815 765 1,045 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,103,290 538,500 564,785 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 817,470 401,410 416,065 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 125,870 61,690 64,180 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 7,615 3,195 4,420 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 147,335 69,965 77,370 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 40 20 20 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 147,290 69,940 77,350 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 780 345 435 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 2,665 1,285 1,375 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 1,510 595 915 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 40 15 20 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 905,545 437,285 468,255 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 859,850 414,745 445,100 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,994 39,340 28,446 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 860,030 414,795 445,230 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,288 35,405 26,477 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 778,115 383,045 395,075 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,297 40,255 27,763 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 606,580 265,135 341,445 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,953 903 3,232 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 649,045 328,720 320,325 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,290 42,476 31,343 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 905,545 437,285 468,255 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 859,565 414,630 444,930 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,867 60,882 41,534 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 859,730 414,685 445,045 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,049 47,768 34,789 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 777,375 383,010 394,365 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,547 62,198 41,204 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 607,260 265,620 341,640 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,013 5,350 6,529 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 649,045 328,905 320,140 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,177 61,657 42,437 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 905,540 437,290 468,255 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 319,420 178,480 140,940 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,914 65,701 53,923 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,216 84,288 63,728 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.6 94.4 87.9 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.6 80.6 73.5 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.4 5.6 12.1 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 905,545 437,290 468,255 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 45,695 22,545 23,150 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 859,850 414,745 445,105 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.0 94.8 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 153,565 67,250 86,315 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 149,160 63,105 86,055 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 101,740 43,910 57,830 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 79,290 35,230 44,060 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 71,465 32,350 39,115 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 58,740 27,995 30,745 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 48,310 24,785 23,525 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 39,365 21,225 18,135 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 33,210 18,765 14,445 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 30,600 16,375 14,225 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 94,415 63,750 30,660 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 60,710 38,970 21,740 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 33,705 24,785 8,915 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 905,545 437,285 468,255 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 45,520 22,490 23,025 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 860,030 414,800 445,230 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 94.9 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 156,585 68,235 88,345 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 154,935 65,800 89,140 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 115,705 50,270 65,430 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 94,875 42,500 52,370 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 83,675 39,440 44,230 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 65,245 33,265 31,980 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 50,870 28,295 22,570 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 43,065 23,825 19,245 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 95,075 63,160 31,915 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 29,760 17,415 12,345 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 17,845 11,675 6,165 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 47,470 34,065 13,405 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 905,545 437,290 468,255 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 256,500 108,570 147,930 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 649,045 328,720 320,325 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 71.7 75.2 68.4 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 79,430 36,680 42,755 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 54,120 24,350 29,775 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 88,210 41,275 46,935 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 65,175 29,430 35,740 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 58,215 26,065 32,150 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 54,055 24,715 29,340 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 45,970 22,510 23,460 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 38,615 20,145 18,470 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 32,120 17,875 14,250 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 133,130 85,670 47,455 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 28,395 16,350 12,050 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 27,645 14,705 12,935 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 77,085 54,615 22,470 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 357,085 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,776 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,804 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 52,500 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,454 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,026 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 304,585 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,385 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,578 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 357,085 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 122,446 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 98,832 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 52,565 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 57,702 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,180 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 304,515 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 133,622 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,921 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 357,085 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,500 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,450 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,325 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,965 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,355 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,455 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,985 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,085 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,920 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,870 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,215 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,700 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 20,190 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,530 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,170 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 170,370 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 42,390 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 34,225 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,395 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 48,355 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 357,085 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,055 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,525 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,435 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,330 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,155 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,380 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,270 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,625 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,085 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,930 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,790 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,055 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,930 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 23,930 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,955 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 139,635 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,615 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,530 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 59,495 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 301,820 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,298 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,633 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 73,975 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,225 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,066 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 181,785 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,337 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,763 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 37,465 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,186 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,183 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 301,660 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 132,766 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,111 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 74,015 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 115,111 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,059 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 181,555 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 151,941 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,411 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,470 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 77,761 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,120 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 73,925 32,615 41,305 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,437 36,813 31,250 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,558 33,044 28,942 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 73,920 32,525 41,395 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,689 54,146 46,187 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,315 43,053 38,164 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,100,950 537,640 563,305 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 445,670 212,490 233,185 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 91,175 43,965 47,215 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 89,325 41,370 47,955 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 86,835 41,200 45,640 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 85,940 41,350 44,590 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 92,395 44,610 47,785 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 655,280 325,155 330,125 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 99,705 48,690 51,015 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 111,200 54,605 56,600 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 127,460 62,975 64,485 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 148,525 73,995 74,535 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 168,380 84,890 83,495 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,100,690 537,525 563,165 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 240,140 123,460 116,685 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 69,750 35,665 34,085 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 705,355 341,145 364,210 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 155,190 72,920 82,275 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 132,450 63,060 69,395 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 34,050 17,770 16,285 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 10,015 5,240 4,775 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 80,570 37,700 42,870 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 17,825 7,590 10,240 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.0 11.7 12.3 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 14.2 14.4 14.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 14.4 14.7 14.0 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.1 11.8 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 11.5 10.4 12.4 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 101,265 48,450 52,815 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 25,495 13,300 12,195 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 7,470 3,930 3,540 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 65,660 30,995 34,660 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 10,115 4,155 5,955 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.0 9.4 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.8 10.5 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.7 11.0 10.4 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.1 9.5 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 6.5 5.7 7.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,100,950 537,640 563,305 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 1,039,185 512,470 526,715 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 1,038,690 512,245 526,440 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 73,385 30,930 42,455 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 642,375 306,045 336,335 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 130 65 65 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 120 55 60 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 10 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 10 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 10 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 100 45 55 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 95 40 55 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 642,250 305,980 336,270 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 36,690 18,525 18,170 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 35 20 20 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 455 205 255 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 55 30 25 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 405 175 230 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 36,235 18,315 17,920 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 450 225 225 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 15,340 7,735 7,605 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,080 970 1,105 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 580 320 265 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 50 25 30 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 18,265 9,325 8,940 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 545 280 270 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 170 75 100 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 55 100 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 11,410 5,055 6,350 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,650 785 865 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 9,805 4,295 5,510 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 20,200 7,420 12,780 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 35 0 30 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 510 190 320 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 15 10 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 120 55 70 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 1,150 450 700 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 25 15 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 1,220 535 685 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 45 50 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 25 15 10 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,455 6,690 11,765 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 35 15 20 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 155 55 95 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 1,365 675 690 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 20 0 15 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 795 400 395 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 560 275 290 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 31,440 15,325 16,115 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 375 175 195 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 1,955 930 1,025 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 28,445 13,885 14,565 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 1,210 600 610 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 307,865 148,660 159,205 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 1,640 820 825 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 3,950 1,900 2,055 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 60,455 28,650 31,805 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 890 390 505 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 395 170 225 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 500 220 280 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 60,065 28,495 31,565 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 285 150 140 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 245 110 135 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 850 390 465 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 1,710 790 920 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 545 250 295 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 3,945 1,940 2,010 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 5,170 2,415 2,755 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 44,785 21,215 23,570 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 1,935 1,010 925 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 250 140 105 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 530 215 315 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 565 285 280 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 4,870 2,265 2,605 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 25 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 165 80 85 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 95 45 50 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 40 20 20 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 13,660 6,420 7,245 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 1,150 565 575 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 300 135 160 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 2,055 875 1,175 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 25 10 15 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 8,220 3,895 4,320 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 10 0 15 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 180 95 85 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 330 150 180 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 20 15 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 1,785 880 905 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 11,310 5,545 5,765 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 106,865 52,795 54,065 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 62,210 30,850 31,360 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 2,225 1,140 1,080 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 13,010 6,220 6,785 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 20,870 10,240 10,635 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 35 20 15 905 490 420
Konkani 405 200 205 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 825 455 375 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 210 95 115 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 95 40 60 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,020 8,710 8,305 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 2,085 935 1,150 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,125 1,100 1,030 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 22,885 11,505 11,380 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 45,295 22,260 23,035 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 1,230 670 570 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 680 370 310 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 44,030 21,595 22,430 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 470 245 225 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 116,680 55,850 60,830 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 35 15 15 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 78,395 37,680 40,715 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 9,880 4,690 5,195 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 7,695 3,640 4,055 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 24,520 11,640 12,880 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 2,530 1,115 1,410 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 260 125 130 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 255 125 135 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 15,245 7,265 7,980 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 50 15 30 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 50 20 35 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 3,325 1,680 1,645 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 670 340 330 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 30 25 10 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 45 25 20 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 45 25 20 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 30 20 15 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 50 30 15 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 235 90 150 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 60 30 25 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 70 25 40 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 1,300 680 620 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 15 10 10 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 450 225 225 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 460 235 225 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 25 30 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 700 265 435 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 340 115 230 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 365 155 210 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 224,860 106,860 117,990 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 224,695 106,795 117,895 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 133,810 63,235 70,575 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 3,480 1,585 1,895 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 115,265 53,825 61,440 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 175 50 120 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,300 1,925 2,375 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,515 1,180 1,330 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,875 1,350 1,520 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 110 135 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 190 85 105 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 35 20 20 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,285 540 745 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 915 425 485 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 435 145 285 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 115 50 65
Turkic languages 5,500 2,790 2,705 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 1,030 535 500 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 4,370 2,195 2,175 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 10 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 120 55 65 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 4,810 2,220 2,595 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 525 240 290 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 705 300 405 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 3,600 1,685 1,915 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 200 100 95 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,100,950 537,645 563,305 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 993,335 488,255 505,080 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 227,510 116,845 110,660 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 765,825 371,410 394,415 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 107,615 49,385 58,230 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,100,950 537,645 563,305 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 570,710 287,520 283,190 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 515,225 243,380 271,850 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 119,395 57,695 61,705 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 75,145 36,255 38,890 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 139,815 66,135 73,680 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 129,465 59,915 69,550 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 72,605 33,845 38,760 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 56,860 26,075 30,790 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 51,405 23,380 28,025 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,010 6,745 8,265 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 515,230 243,385 271,850 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 43,285 21,545 21,735 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 84,305 42,520 41,790 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 111,620 50,505 61,115 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 218,675 102,965 115,715 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 57,340 25,845 31,490 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 515,225 243,380 271,845 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 42,700 19,670 23,030 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 1,165 560 600 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 1,850 875 970 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 985 450 535 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 6,900 3,120 3,780 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 135 70 70 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 8,660 3,830 4,830 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 1,060 465 595 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 1,165 525 635 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 3,870 1,845 2,025 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,420 3,340 4,080 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 9,495 4,590 4,905 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 119,590 56,995 62,595 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 580 315 270 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 930 415 515 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 720 340 380 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 3,660 1,630 2,025 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 4,770 2,475 2,295 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 1,715 770 945 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 780 365 415 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 36,040 17,745 18,295 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 1,355 655 700 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 3,730 1,635 2,095 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 4,710 2,225 2,480 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 6,285 2,955 3,335 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 13,820 6,185 7,635 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,040 485 555 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 9,910 4,725 5,185 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,895 7,050 7,845 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 14,645 7,030 7,615 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 20,925 10,265 10,665 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 80 25 55 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 3,970 2,020 1,950 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 405 215 190 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 2,100 980 1,115 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 1,010 525 490 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 1,105 490 615 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 355 135 220 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 3,925 1,940 1,985 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 7,980 3,945 4,035 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 331,090 156,020 175,070 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 3,895 1,970 1,925 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 1,330 695 640 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 99,195 45,730 53,460 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 50,850 24,260 26,590 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 28,625 13,940 14,680 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 32,615 16,020 16,600 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 4,675 2,320 2,355 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 815 295 520 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 11,330 5,420 5,910 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 2,190 1,075 1,115 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 12,885 6,355 6,540 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 18,180 7,065 11,115 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 19,545 9,460 10,090 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 810 415 385 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 4,530 1,985 2,545 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 11,295 4,975 6,325 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 28,320 14,045 14,275 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 920 430 490 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 51,405 23,385 28,020 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 3,075 1,470 1,605 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 210 80 130 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 120 50 70 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 90 55 35 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 20 15 10 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 320 140 180 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 210 115 95 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,140 570 565 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 125 55 75 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 840 400 435 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 4,255 1,965 2,295 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 55 35 20 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 105 65 40 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 35 15 5,660 3,540 2,120
Moldova