Census Profile, 2016 Census
York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,109,909 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,032,524 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.5 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 369,928 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 357,084 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 629.9 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,762.13 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,109,910 540,755 569,150 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 195,575 100,440 95,130 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 57,235 29,205 28,025 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 67,345 34,665 32,680 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 71,000 36,575 34,430 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 752,410 365,525 386,885 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 74,910 38,615 36,295 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 71,965 37,465 34,495 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 63,860 32,140 31,720 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 62,910 30,105 32,800 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 68,510 31,260 37,255 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 81,615 37,885 43,730 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 89,925 42,655 47,270 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 92,240 44,860 47,380 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 80,930 39,135 41,795 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 65,540 31,395 34,140 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 161,925 74,790 87,135 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 56,415 27,155 29,260 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 37,465 17,900 19,570 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 28,670 13,525 15,145 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 20,175 9,160 11,020 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 19,195 7,055 12,140 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 12,215 4,850 7,365 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 5,435 1,780 3,650 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,355 380 980 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 190 45 145 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.6 16.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.8 67.6 68.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.6 13.8 15.3 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.9 39.0 40.7 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.1 40.0 42.0 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 357,085 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 227,725 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,805 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 92,440 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 21,945 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 43,890 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 15,170 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,085 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 355 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 110 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 357,080 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 52,505 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 93,885 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 72,070 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 83,360 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 55,270 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,100,950 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 3.1 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 914,340 440,315 474,015 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 565,770 281,540 284,225 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 529,195 263,360 265,835 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 36,570 18,180 18,395 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 348,570 158,775 189,795 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 245,890 129,890 116,005 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 18,855 7,115 11,745 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 41,075 14,095 26,980 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 42,745 7,680 35,065 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 319,535 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 119,170 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 81,005 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 88,875 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,485 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 319,535 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 275,595 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 257,325 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 18,270 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 43,940 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 35,455 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 8,485 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 275,590 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 93,850 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 181,745 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 66,790 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 85,340 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 29,615 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 43,940 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 25,320 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 14,220 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 4,400 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 104,335 42,125 62,215 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 357,085 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 277,380 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 76,320 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 201,060 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 20,350 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 59,350 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 52,505 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,850 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,103,285 538,500 564,785 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 967,750 481,900 485,850 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 485 195 290 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 73,200 30,955 42,250 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 61,855 25,455 36,405 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,103,290 538,500 564,785 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 1,023,355 504,985 518,365 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 8,855 3,925 4,925 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 10,020 4,510 5,510 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 61,060 25,075 35,980 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 13,865 6,180 7,680 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.1 1.4 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,103,285 538,500 564,785 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,063,225 519,200 544,030 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 533,450 267,420 266,035 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 525,395 263,835 261,565 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 8,055 3,585 4,465 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 529,775 251,775 277,995 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 50 25 30 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 5 5 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 25 10 20 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 529,725 251,755 277,970 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,725 9,945 9,785 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 15 10 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 10 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 320 140 185 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 25 15 15 1,445 720 730
Somali 300 125 170 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 19,375 9,780 9,595 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 205 90 110 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 10,465 5,220 5,240 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,725 830 895 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 505 260 250 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 50 20 25 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 5,795 3,060 2,735 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 370 175 195 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 140 65 75 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,975 3,590 4,385 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,255 600 655 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 6,715 2,995 3,725 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 15,610 5,770 9,845 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 40 20 20 595 260 330
Cebuano 375 135 240 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 10 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 180 60 120 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 830 325 505 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 5 100 45 55
Malay 815 365 450 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 35 45 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 35 20 15 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,160 4,770 8,390 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 30 15 15 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 480 235 240 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 345 170 175 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 23,920 11,585 12,335 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 210 115 100 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 1,445 710 730 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 21,545 10,410 11,140 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 705 350 355 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 238,555 114,865 123,685 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 1,435 705 730 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 3,435 1,685 1,750 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 52,545 24,580 27,965 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 635 250 380 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 250 90 155 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 380 160 220 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 51,915 24,330 27,585 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 115 50 65 515 230 280
Bosnian 145 65 75 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 760 365 400 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,155 545 610 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 435 190 250 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 2,640 1,255 1,385 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 4,400 2,005 2,395 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 37,315 17,570 19,745 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 1,545 780 765 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 165 85 80 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 430 175 250 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 455 210 245 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 2,295 1,000 1,295 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 45 25 25 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 5 450 210 240
Welsh 25 15 10 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 7,865 3,620 4,250 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 165 75 90 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 275 135 145 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 1,455 685 770 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 20 5 10 1,240 630 620
German 4,750 2,175 2,575 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 10 5 10 210 100 110
Norwegian 40 20 25 940 405 540
Swedish 140 55 80 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 15 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 975 440 535 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 170 80 85
Greek 7,465 3,630 3,840 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 82,575 40,810 41,770 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 43,850 21,545 22,300 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 1,585 815 770 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 9,475 4,590 4,875 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 5,300 2,580 2,715 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 40 20 20 345 170 175
Konkani 175 80 90 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 430 210 225 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 125 60 65 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 20 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 9,750 4,870 4,880 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 1,345 645 700 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 990 465 525 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 14,610 7,200 7,410 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 38,475 19,130 19,340 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 715 385 325 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 605 300 310 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 37,160 18,450 18,705 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 255 130 120 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 83,175 39,815 43,360 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 20 5 10 285 150 135
Italian 54,685 26,400 28,280 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 7,440 3,480 3,965 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 6,560 3,115 3,445 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 14,440 6,795 7,640 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 420 200 215
Japanese 1,165 425 740 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 190 105 90 1,200 635 565
Georgian 185 105 85 1,200 635 565
Korean 12,955 6,155 6,805 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 405 180 220
Mongolian 20 10 10 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 1,410 680 730 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 385 185 200 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 5 5 0 140 60 80
Edo 40 20 15 1,140 475 670
Ewe 40 20 20 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 10 365 180 185
Ga 30 15 15 600 275 325
Ganda 25 15 15 760 360 400
Igbo 140 70 75 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 10 5 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 1,330 545 785
Shona 35 15 20 1,455 660 790
Swahili 270 125 145 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 225 120 105 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 170 85 85 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 15 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 150 85 65 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 25 15 10 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 125 75 55 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 199,205 94,330 104,875 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 198,980 94,225 104,755 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 108,675 51,650 57,030 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 2,980 1,395 1,585 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 78,965 37,350 41,615 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 275 125 145 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,615 1,690 1,930 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,795 810 990 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,610 1,180 1,430 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 225 105 120 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 170 75 90 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 35 20 15 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 1,030 435 595 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 750 355 400 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 270 80 185 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 25 10 15
Turkic languages 3,230 1,665 1,570 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 585 315 270 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 2,420 1,240 1,185 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 20 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 100 45 55 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 640 295 345
Uralic languages 3,990 1,820 2,170 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 335 140 190 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 575 240 335 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 3,080 1,435 1,645 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 80 35 40 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 40,060 19,300 20,760 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 2,110 980 1,135 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 35,875 17,400 18,475 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 865 395 470 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 1,205 535 675 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,103,285 538,500 564,790 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,004,035 490,600 513,435 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 687,865 340,820 347,050 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 684,910 339,505 345,405 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 2,960 1,315 1,645 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 316,170 149,780 166,390 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 5 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 5 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 5 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 316,155 149,775 166,385 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,110 4,435 4,675 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 0 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 0 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 165 75 95 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 15 10 5 805 380 425
Somali 145 60 85 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 8,935 4,360 4,575 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 65 30 35 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 4,660 2,225 2,440 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,030 465 565 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 270 130 140 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 15 10 10 555 250 305
Hebrew 2,700 1,420 1,280 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 55 25 30 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 65 30 30 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 25 45 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,495 2,030 2,465 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 725 315 405 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 3,770 1,715 2,055 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 5,830 2,490 3,340 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 5 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 115 45 70 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 45 15 25 910 385 530
Ilocano 295 125 170 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 5 5 0 35 15 20
Malay 295 155 145 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,020 2,115 2,900 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 245 120 120 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 190 90 100 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 15,295 7,210 8,080 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 70 35 40 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 640 310 330 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 14,250 6,700 7,545 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 330 165 170 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 114,395 54,195 60,200 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 665 325 340 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 1,780 850 930 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 29,765 14,155 15,615 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 175 80 90 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 50 20 25 860 350 515
Lithuanian 130 60 70 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 29,590 14,065 15,520 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 40 20 20 175 80 90
Bosnian 55 25 30 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 360 160 195 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 295 140 155 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 70 35 40 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 890 405 480 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,545 745 800 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 24,545 11,685 12,855 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 690 340 350 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 50 25 25 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 110 50 65 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 40 45 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 855 390 465 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 795 375 420 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 40 20 25 755 365 390
Danish 15 5 10 280 135 150
Dutch 80 40 40 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 565 265 305 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 5 0 5 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 25 10 15 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 60 30 25 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 2,315 1,080 1,230 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 49,735 24,025 25,705 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 23,260 11,135 12,120 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 830 410 420 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 5,080 2,360 2,720 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 2,420 1,165 1,255 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 15 5 5 65 30 35
Konkani 30 15 15 540 260 280
Marathi 165 80 85 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 70 35 35 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,370 2,610 2,760 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 465 215 250 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 420 200 225 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 8,370 4,045 4,325 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 26,360 12,830 13,530 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 350 190 165 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 310 145 165 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 25,705 12,505 13,205 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 55 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 29,340 13,380 15,965 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 10 5 5 135 60 75
Italian 16,485 7,255 9,230 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 2,320 1,105 1,210 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 3,365 1,575 1,785 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 7,165 3,430 3,735 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 110 50 60
Japanese 535 240 305 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 90 50 35 770 420 355
Georgian 90 55 30 775 420 355
Korean 9,210 4,435 4,770 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 15 10 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 15 5 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 355 150 205 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 140 60 85 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 5 5 305 120 180
Ewe 10 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 110 55 55
Ga 5 5 5 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 35 10 25 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 420 160 260
Shona 10 5 5 455 210 245
Swahili 65 25 35 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 5 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 35 15 20 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 240 135 105 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 50 25 25 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 190 115 80 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 152,975 72,665 80,310 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 152,870 72,615 80,250 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 83,405 39,255 44,145 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 1,285 595 690 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 63,770 30,715 33,060 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 80 30 50 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,505 695 810 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,125 540 580 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,675 770 905 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 105 50 60 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 75 35 45 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 20 10 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 440 215 225 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 360 175 180 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 75 35 40 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 1,680 830 850 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 250 125 125 770 385 380
Turkish 1,350 660 690 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 25 15 15 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 250 130 120
Uralic languages 1,220 550 670 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 65 30 40 790 290 500
Finnish 120 55 70 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 1,030 465 565 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 99,250 47,900 51,350 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,770 825 945 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 95,380 46,190 49,190 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 285 120 165 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 1,815 765 1,045 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,103,290 538,500 564,785 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 817,470 401,410 416,065 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 125,870 61,690 64,180 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 7,615 3,195 4,420 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 147,335 69,965 77,370 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 40 20 20 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 147,290 69,940 77,350 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 780 345 435 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 2,665 1,285 1,375 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 1,510 595 915 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 40 15 20 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 905,545 437,285 468,255 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 859,850 414,745 445,100 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,994 39,340 28,446 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 860,030 414,795 445,230 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,288 35,405 26,477 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 778,115 383,045 395,075 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,297 40,255 27,763 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 606,580 265,135 341,445 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,953 903 3,232 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 649,045 328,720 320,325 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,290 42,476 31,343 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 905,545 437,285 468,255 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 859,565 414,630 444,930 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,867 60,882 41,534 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 859,730 414,685 445,045 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,049 47,768 34,789 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 777,375 383,010 394,365 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,547 62,198 41,204 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 607,260 265,620 341,640 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,013 5,350 6,529 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 649,045 328,905 320,140 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,177 61,657 42,437 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 905,540 437,290 468,255 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 319,420 178,480 140,940 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,914 65,701 53,923 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,216 84,288 63,728 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.6 94.4 87.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.6 80.6 73.5 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.4 5.6 12.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 905,545 437,290 468,255 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 45,695 22,545 23,150 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 859,850 414,745 445,105 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.0 94.8 95.1 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 153,565 67,250 86,315 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 149,160 63,105 86,055 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 101,740 43,910 57,830 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 79,290 35,230 44,060 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 71,465 32,350 39,115 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 58,740 27,995 30,745 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 48,310 24,785 23,525 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 39,365 21,225 18,135 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 33,210 18,765 14,445 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 30,600 16,375 14,225 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 94,415 63,750 30,660 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 60,710 38,970 21,740 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 33,705 24,785 8,915 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 905,545 437,285 468,255 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 45,520 22,490 23,025 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 860,030 414,800 445,230 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 94.9 95.1 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 156,585 68,235 88,345 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 154,935 65,800 89,140 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 115,705 50,270 65,430 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 94,875 42,500 52,370 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 83,675 39,440 44,230 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 65,245 33,265 31,980 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 50,870 28,295 22,570 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 43,065 23,825 19,245 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 95,075 63,160 31,915 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 29,760 17,415 12,345 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 17,845 11,675 6,165 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 47,470 34,065 13,405 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 905,545 437,290 468,255 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 256,500 108,570 147,930 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 649,045 328,720 320,325 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 71.7 75.2 68.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 79,430 36,680 42,755 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 54,120 24,350 29,775 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 88,210 41,275 46,935 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 65,175 29,430 35,740 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 58,215 26,065 32,150 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 54,055 24,715 29,340 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 45,970 22,510 23,460 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 38,615 20,145 18,470 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 32,120 17,875 14,250 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 133,130 85,670 47,455 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 28,395 16,350 12,050 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 27,645 14,705 12,935 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 77,085 54,615 22,470 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 357,085 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,776 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,804 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 52,500 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,454 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,026 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 304,585 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,385 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,578 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 357,085 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 122,446 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 98,832 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 52,565 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 57,702 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,180 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 304,515 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 133,622 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,921 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 357,085 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,500 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,450 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,325 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,965 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,355 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,455 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,985 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,085 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,920 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,870 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,215 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,700 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 20,190 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,530 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,170 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 170,370 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 42,390 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 34,225 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,395 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 48,355 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 357,085 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,055 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,525 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,435 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,330 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,155 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,380 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,270 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,625 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,085 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,930 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,790 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,055 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,930 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 23,930 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,955 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 139,635 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,615 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,530 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 59,495 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 301,820 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,298 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,633 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 73,975 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,225 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,066 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 181,785 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,337 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,763 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 37,465 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,186 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,183 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 301,660 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 132,766 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,111 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 74,015 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 115,111 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,059 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 181,555 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 151,941 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,411 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,470 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 77,761 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,120 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 73,925 32,615 41,305 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,437 36,813 31,250 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,558 33,044 28,942 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 73,920 32,525 41,395 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,689 54,146 46,187 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,315 43,053 38,164 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,100,950 537,640 563,305 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 445,670 212,490 233,185 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 91,175 43,965 47,215 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 89,325 41,370 47,955 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 86,835 41,200 45,640 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 85,940 41,350 44,590 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 92,395 44,610 47,785 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 655,280 325,155 330,125 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 99,705 48,690 51,015 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 111,200 54,605 56,600 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 127,460 62,975 64,485 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 148,525 73,995 74,535 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 168,380 84,890 83,495 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,100,690 537,525 563,165 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 240,140 123,460 116,685 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 69,750 35,665 34,085 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 705,355 341,145 364,210 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 155,190 72,920 82,275 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 132,450 63,060 69,395 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 34,050 17,770 16,285 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 10,015 5,240 4,775 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 80,570 37,700 42,870 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 17,825 7,590 10,240 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.0 11.7 12.3 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 14.2 14.4 14.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.4 14.7 14.0 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.1 11.8 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.5 10.4 12.4 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 101,265 48,450 52,815 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 25,495 13,300 12,195 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 7,470 3,930 3,540 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 65,660 30,995 34,660 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 10,115 4,155 5,955 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.0 9.4 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.8 10.5 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.7 11.0 10.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.1 9.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 6.5 5.7 7.2 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,100,950 537,640 563,305 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 1,039,185 512,470 526,715 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 1,038,690 512,245 526,440 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 73,385 30,930 42,455 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 642,375 306,045 336,335 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 130 65 65 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 120 55 60 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 10 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 10 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 10 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 100 45 55 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 95 40 55 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 642,250 305,980 336,270 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 36,690 18,525 18,170 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 35 20 20 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 455 205 255 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 55 30 25 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 405 175 230 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 36,235 18,315 17,920 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 450 225 225 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 15,340 7,735 7,605 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,080 970 1,105 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 580 320 265 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 50 25 30 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 18,265 9,325 8,940 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 545 280 270 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 170 75 100 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 55 100 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 11,410 5,055 6,350 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,650 785 865 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 9,805 4,295 5,510 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 20,200 7,420 12,780 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 35 0 30 755 340 425
Cebuano 510 190 320 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 15 10 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 120 55 70 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 1,150 450 700 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 25 15 0 215 115 100
Malay 1,220 535 685 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 45 50 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 25 15 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,455 6,690 11,765 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 35 15 20 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 155 55 95 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 1,365 675 690 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 20 0 15 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 795 400 395 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 560 275 290 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 31,440 15,325 16,115 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 375 175 195 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 1,955 930 1,025 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 28,445 13,885 14,565 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 1,210 600 610 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 307,865 148,660 159,205 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,640 820 825 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 3,950 1,900 2,055 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 60,455 28,650 31,805 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 890 390 505 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 395 170 225 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 500 220 280 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 60,065 28,495 31,565 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 285 150 140 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 245 110 135 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 850 390 465 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,710 790 920 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 545 250 295 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 3,945 1,940 2,010 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 5,170 2,415 2,755 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 44,785 21,215 23,570 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 1,935 1,010 925 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 250 140 105 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 530 215 315 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 565 285 280 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 4,870 2,265 2,605 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 25 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 165 80 85 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 95 45 50 1,480 720 765
Welsh 40 20 20 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 13,660 6,420 7,245 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 1,150 565 575 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 300 135 160 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 2,055 875 1,175 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 25 10 15 1,655 820 835
German 8,220 3,895 4,320 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 0 15 285 130 155
Norwegian 180 95 85 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 330 150 180 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 20 15 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 1,785 880 905 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 11,310 5,545 5,765 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 106,865 52,795 54,065 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 62,210 30,850 31,360 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 2,225 1,140 1,080 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 13,010 6,220 6,785 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 20,870 10,240 10,635 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 35 20 15 600 300 300
Konkani 405 200 205 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 825 455 375 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 210 95 115 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 95 40 60 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,020 8,710 8,305 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 2,085 935 1,150 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,125 1,100 1,030 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 22,885 11,505 11,380 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 45,295 22,260 23,035 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 1,230 670 570 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 680 370 310 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 44,030 21,595 22,430 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 470 245 225 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 116,680 55,850 60,830 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 35 15 15 515 275 240
Italian 78,395 37,680 40,715 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 9,880 4,690 5,195 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 7,695 3,640 4,055 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 24,520 11,640 12,880 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 1,355 745 605
Japanese 2,530 1,115 1,410 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 260 125 130 1,555 775 780
Georgian 255 125 135 1,555 770 785
Korean 15,245 7,265 7,980 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 50 15 30 515 225 285
Mongolian 50 20 35 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 3,325 1,680 1,645 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 670 340 330 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 30 25 10 385 195 185
Edo 45 25 20 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 45 25 20 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 700 320 375
Ga 30 20 15 1,340 645 695
Ganda 50 30 15 1,225 550 675
Igbo 235 90 150 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 60 30 25 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 70 25 40 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 1,300 680 620 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 15 10 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 450 225 225 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 460 235 225 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 25 30 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 700 265 435 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 340 115 230 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 365 155 210 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 224,860 106,860 117,990 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 224,695 106,795 117,895 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 133,810 63,235 70,575 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 3,480 1,585 1,895 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 115,265 53,825 61,440 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 175 50 120 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,300 1,925 2,375 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,515 1,180 1,330 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,875 1,350 1,520 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 110 135 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 190 85 105 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 35 20 20 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,285 540 745 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 915 425 485 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 435 145 285 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 30 10 20
Turkic languages 5,500 2,790 2,705 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 1,030 535 500 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 4,370 2,195 2,175 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 10 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 120 55 65 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 915 450 465
Uralic languages 4,810 2,220 2,595 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 525 240 290 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 705 300 405 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 3,600 1,685 1,915 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 200 100 95 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,100,950 537,645 563,305 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 993,335 488,255 505,080 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 227,510 116,845 110,660 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 765,825 371,410 394,415 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 107,615 49,385 58,230 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,100,950 537,645 563,305 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 570,710 287,520 283,190 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 515,225 243,380 271,850 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 119,395 57,695 61,705 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 75,145 36,255 38,890 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 139,815 66,135 73,680 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 129,465 59,915 69,550 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 72,605 33,845 38,760 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 56,860 26,075 30,790 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 51,405 23,380 28,025 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,010 6,745 8,265 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 515,230 243,385 271,850 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 43,285 21,545 21,735 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 84,305 42,520 41,790 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 111,620 50,505 61,115 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 218,675 102,965 115,715 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 57,340 25,845 31,490 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 515,225 243,380 271,845 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 42,700 19,670 23,030 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 1,165 560 600 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,850 875 970 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 985 450 535 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 6,900 3,120 3,780 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 135 70 70 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 8,660 3,830 4,830 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 1,060 465 595 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 1,165 525 635 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 3,870 1,845 2,025 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,420 3,340 4,080 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 9,495 4,590 4,905 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 119,590 56,995 62,595 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 580 315 270 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 930 415 515 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 720 340 380 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 3,660 1,630 2,025 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 4,770 2,475 2,295 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 1,715 770 945 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 780 365 415 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 36,040 17,745 18,295 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,355 655 700 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 3,730 1,635 2,095 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 4,710 2,225 2,480 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 6,285 2,955 3,335 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 13,820 6,185 7,635 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,040 485 555 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 9,910 4,725 5,185 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,895 7,050 7,845 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 14,645 7,030 7,615 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 20,925 10,265 10,665 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 80 25 55 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 3,970 2,020 1,950 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 405 215 190 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 2,100 980 1,115 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 1,010 525 490 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 1,105 490 615 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 355 135 220 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 3,925 1,940 1,985 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 7,980 3,945 4,035 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 331,090 156,020 175,070 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 3,895 1,970 1,925 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 1,330 695 640 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 99,195 45,730 53,460 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 50,850 24,260 26,590 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 28,625 13,940 14,680 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 32,615 16,020 16,600 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 4,675 2,320 2,355 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 815 295 520 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 11,330 5,420 5,910 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 2,190 1,075 1,115 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 12,885 6,355 6,540 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 18,180 7,065 11,115 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 19,545 9,460 10,090 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 810 415 385 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 4,530 1,985 2,545 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 11,295 4,975 6,325 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 28,320 14,045 14,275 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 920 430 490 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 51,405 23,385 28,020 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 3,075 1,470 1,605 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 210 80 130 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 120 50 70 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 90 55 35 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 20 15 10 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 320 140 180 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 210 115 95 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,140 570 565 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 125 55 75 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 840 400 435 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 4,255 1,965 2,295 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 55 35 20 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 105 65 40 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 35 15 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 310 150 155 880