Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto, Census division [Census division], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, CDR
Ontario
[Census division]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Toronto, Census division [Census division], Ontario  Map : Toronto, Census division [Census division], Ontario Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,731,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,615,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,179,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,112,929  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,334.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 630.20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,731,570 1,313,590 1,417,985 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 398,135 204,190 193,945 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 136,000 69,895 66,105 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 135,025 69,350 65,680 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 127,110 64,945 62,165 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 1,906,495 925,070 981,425 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 145,525 74,240 71,285 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 194,745 97,415 97,330 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 232,950 113,905 119,040 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 224,575 108,895 115,675 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 196,305 94,070 102,240 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 182,390 86,535 95,860 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 190,925 90,860 100,065 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 202,410 98,735 103,670 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 182,800 88,145 94,660 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 153,870 72,270 81,600 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 426,945 184,325 242,615 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 130,545 60,360 70,180 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 93,605 42,320 51,285 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 76,165 32,730 43,430 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 60,630 25,670 34,965 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 66,000 23,250 42,755 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 40,800 15,665 25,135 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 19,680 6,185 13,500 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 4,750 1,280 3,475 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 770 125 650 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.5 13.7 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 69.8 70.4 69.2 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.6 14.0 17.1 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.3 38.0 40.5 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 269,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 493,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 349,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 71,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 61,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 48,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 165,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 2,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 359,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 333,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 175,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 146,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 97,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 2,691,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,333,435 1,109,400 1,224,035 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 1,181,360 592,560 588,800 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 1,011,185 505,025 506,160 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 170,175 87,535 82,635 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 1,152,075 516,840 635,235 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 806,270 410,970 395,295 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 68,715 27,570 41,145 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 152,000 55,485 96,510 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 125,100 22,810 102,285 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 718,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 344,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 174,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 143,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 56,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 718,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 566,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 481,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 85,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 152,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 128,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 24,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 566,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 250,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 316,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 133,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 130,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 51,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 152,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 94,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 41,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 17,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 602,860 277,825 325,035 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 653,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 226,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 427,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 31,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 427,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 359,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 68,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,704,415 1,301,900 1,402,515 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 2,323,235 1,139,580 1,183,655 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 2,725 1,140 1,580 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 245,695 107,985 137,705 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 132,765 53,195 79,570 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 2,508,815 1,219,600 1,289,215 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 39,795 18,800 20,995 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 24,865 11,210 13,660 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 130,940 52,295 78,645 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 52,230 24,405 27,825 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.9 2.0 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,515 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 2,598,230 1,251,215 1,347,010 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 1,411,345 697,965 713,380 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 1,375,905 681,120 694,785 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 35,440 16,840 18,595 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 1,186,885 553,250 633,630 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 420 185 235 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 310 135 170 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 5 0 5 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 35 50 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 5 5 5 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 10 5 5 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 20 10 15 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 40 15 30 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 200 95 105 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 5 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 175 85 90 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 5 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 5 5 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 20 0 15 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 20 5 20 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 10 5 5 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 5 5 5 465 230 235
Salish languages 5 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 5 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 5 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 5 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,186,465 553,065 633,395 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 65,540 32,330 33,205 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 130 75 50 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 55 30 25 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 12,355 5,305 7,055 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 75 40 30 805 455 350
Oromo 860 420 440 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 11,375 4,810 6,560 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 365 195 170
Semitic languages 52,845 26,840 26,005 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 6,430 2,880 3,545 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 29,825 15,750 14,075 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,840 2,360 2,480 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 695 360 335 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 755 345 410 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 4,350 2,350 2,000 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 1,430 715 715 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 4,150 1,885 2,260 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 375 190 185 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 200 115 90 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 26,160 11,855 14,305 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,365 595 770 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 24,775 11,255 13,520 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 5 10 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 99,755 39,025 60,725 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 320 135 180 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 3,390 1,335 2,055 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 30 15 15 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 1,695 660 1,035 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 7,135 2,765 4,375 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 15 10 10 1,430 665 760
Malay 1,930 885 1,050 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 720 310 410 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 320 120 200 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 83,230 32,445 50,790 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 210 60 155 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 760 290 465 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 3,015 1,350 1,665 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 165 75 85 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 1,825 815 1,015 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,025 460 560 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 67,055 33,175 33,875 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 730 380 350 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 4,560 2,465 2,100 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 57,530 27,935 29,600 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 4,125 2,350 1,770 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 15 5 15 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 589,415 282,355 307,055 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 8,500 4,225 4,275 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 7,845 3,745 4,105 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 120,445 53,655 66,790 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 3,490 1,365 2,125 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 1,605 640 965 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 1,885 725 1,160 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 116,955 52,290 64,665 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 195 95 100 810 385 430
Bosnian 1,110 530 580 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 4,345 2,075 2,270 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 5,565 2,535 3,035 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 2,860 1,345 1,515 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 6,190 2,920 3,270 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 25,060 10,845 14,215 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 36,145 15,805 20,340 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 13,385 6,450 6,935 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 1,470 670 800 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 3,095 1,455 1,645 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,785 750 1,040 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 15,465 6,685 8,780 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 280 140 140 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 275 130 145 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 80 35 40 1,090 540 550
Welsh 85 30 55 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 530 295 235
Germanic languages 22,310 10,095 12,215 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 400 215 190 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 665 290 380 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 3,185 1,535 1,645 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 40 20 15 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 14,520 6,440 8,080 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 60 35 30 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 225 105 125 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 700 305 390 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 130 50 85 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 2,350 1,095 1,255 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 525 280 240
Greek 27,840 13,415 14,420 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 194,765 99,115 95,650 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 138,625 70,700 67,925 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 28,460 14,370 14,095 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 26,400 13,515 12,880 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 15,235 7,960 7,270 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 75 40 35 565 300 265
Konkani 745 350 390 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 1,760 930 830 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 2,540 1,295 1,245 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 300 165 135 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,965 10,375 9,590 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 2,440 1,080 1,360 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,280 1,600 1,675 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 37,420 19,005 18,415 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 55,195 27,900 27,300 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 1,650 930 715 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 4,355 2,285 2,070 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 49,190 24,680 24,510 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 940 520 425 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 207,440 97,980 109,460 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 130 70 55 865 440 425
Italian 62,635 29,050 33,590 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 59,360 28,535 30,820 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 12,335 5,630 6,705 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 72,855 34,630 38,220 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 720 380 340
Japanese 7,015 2,405 4,610 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 870 465 405 1,715 910 805
Georgian 870 465 405 1,715 910 805
Korean 33,665 15,160 18,510 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 290 130 165 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 295 130 160 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 13,780 6,460 7,325 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 4,345 1,970 2,370 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 45 20 25 1,535 815 720
Edo 675 260 415 1,670 770 900
Ewe 175 90 80 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 90 75 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 200 85 115 920 445 470
Ganda 375 185 195 1,295 625 665
Igbo 745 385 360 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 285 135 150 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 290 135 150 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 390 190 205 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 2,230 1,045 1,180 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 120 65 50 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 1,585 820 760 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,900 845 1,060 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 235 125 110 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 35 25 15 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 200 110 90 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 565 320 250 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 210 120 90 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 355 200 150 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 250,960 114,630 136,325 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 245,285 111,860 133,430 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 114,670 52,085 62,585 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 2,855 1,220 1,635 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 111,405 51,120 60,280 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 445 220 225 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 6,120 2,820 3,295 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,665 1,200 1,465 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,015 3,135 3,880 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 5,670 2,775 2,900 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 605 275 335 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 260 120 135 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 4,595 2,270 2,320 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 215 110 105 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 1,720 690 1,030 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 705 365 345 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 1,005 325 685 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 80 35 55
Turkic languages 10,680 5,610 5,065 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 915 490 425 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 8,835 4,670 4,165 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 240 115 120 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 440 225 210 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 110 140 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 15,145 6,655 8,490 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 1,945 775 1,170 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 1,315 495 825 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 11,885 5,385 6,500 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 585 310 275 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 106,190 50,685 55,500 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 7,550 3,525 4,025 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 92,620 44,390 48,230 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 3,300 1,515 1,785 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 2,715 1,260 1,460 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,704,420 1,301,900 1,402,515 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 2,458,470 1,185,800 1,272,665 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 1,756,685 858,655 898,030 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 1,739,620 850,745 888,875 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 17,060 7,915 9,155 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 701,780 327,145 374,640 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 110 55 55 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 55 30 20 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 5 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 5 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 20 15 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 30 20 15 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 5 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 5 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 5 5 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 40 15 20 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 701,675 327,085 374,585 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 36,560 17,185 19,380 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 40 20 20 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 20 10 5 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 7,490 3,140 4,355 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 40 20 20 620 330 285
Oromo 500 230 265 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 6,930 2,880 4,050 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 185 85 95
Semitic languages 28,920 13,965 14,950 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 3,425 1,500 1,925 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 16,490 8,210 8,280 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,615 1,755 1,865 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 475 245 235 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 445 195 250 735 335 400
Hebrew 1,610 805 805 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 425 200 230 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 2,250 980 1,265 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,760 8,020 9,735 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 725 305 420 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 17,020 7,715 9,305 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 48,375 20,215 28,160 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 70 35 40 290 140 155
Cebuano 1,320 560 760 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 5 5 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 615 260 355 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 2,695 1,150 1,545 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 5 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 570 275 300 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 210 95 120 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 60 30 30 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 42,515 17,680 24,835 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 60 20 40 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 235 110 125 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 1,530 665 865 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 110 50 55 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 1,015 435 585 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 405 180 225 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 47,065 22,840 24,225 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 290 150 135 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 2,460 1,320 1,140 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 42,015 20,085 21,930 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 2,270 1,270 1,000 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 317,080 150,570 166,505 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 4,115 2,070 2,045 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 5,175 2,430 2,740 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 61,610 28,155 33,455 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 1,080 430 650 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 460 180 285 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 620 250 370 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 60,530 27,725 32,810 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 70 35 40 230 105 120
Bosnian 500 240 260 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 2,450 1,190 1,260 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 2,045 950 1,090 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 850 410 445 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 2,725 1,285 1,440 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 10,605 4,730 5,880 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 23,075 10,425 12,650 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 8,020 3,870 4,160 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 580 275 305 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 1,615 795 820 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 495 200 295 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 7,425 3,300 4,125 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 670 310 360
Celtic languages 40 25 15 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 185 105 80
Welsh 10 5 5 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 80 50 30
Germanic languages 2,895 1,320 1,570 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 90 45 45 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 85 35 45 855 410 445
Dutch 285 140 145 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 1,955 875 1,080 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 15 5 10 270 120 150
Norwegian 30 15 20 345 145 200
Swedish 130 55 80 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 290 145 145 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 12,995 6,065 6,930 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 122,130 60,790 61,345 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 84,470 42,410 42,060 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 18,930 9,390 9,545 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 16,525 8,290 8,235 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 7,845 4,060 3,785 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 10 5 5 135 70 70
Konkani 160 80 80 720 355 370
Marathi 775 405 370 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 1,705 870 835 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 145 70 75 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,075 6,205 5,870 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 1,130 495 635 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,550 765 780 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 23,625 11,770 11,855 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 37,275 18,170 19,110 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 905 490 415 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 2,995 1,530 1,465 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 33,375 16,150 17,220 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 385 210 175 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 108,115 49,715 58,400 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 70 30 35 355 165 190
Italian 27,130 11,365 15,765 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 33,425 16,085 17,340 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 5,915 2,705 3,210 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 41,530 19,505 22,025 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 180 85 95
Japanese 3,300 1,380 1,920 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 640 340 295 1,040 565 475
Georgian 640 345 295 1,035 565 475
Korean 23,625 10,835 12,795 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 175 85 90 910 440 470
Mongolian 175 85 85 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 5,675 2,540 3,135 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 2,325 1,000 1,325 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 20 5 10 340 180 160
Edo 220 90 130 415 175 240
Ewe 40 10 25 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 35 825 400 425
Ga 85 30 50 250 105 140
Ganda 115 50 65 345 160 185
Igbo 250 130 120 1,000 485 510
Lingala 75 30 45 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 55 55 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 80 40 45 1,530 670 865
Shona 125 55 70 1,035 475 560
Swahili 995 435 555 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 55 35 25 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 565 295 265 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 570 255 315 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 35 25 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 15 10 5 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 885 520 365 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 315 170 140 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 570 345 220 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 185,430 85,370 100,055 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 181,250 83,310 97,940 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 83,405 37,430 45,980 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 1,255 555 700 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 87,760 41,290 46,470 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 155 70 80 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,800 1,285 1,520 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,470 680 790 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,350 1,975 2,375 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,175 2,060 2,110 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 365 165 205 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 210 100 105 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 3,525 1,755 1,770 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 715 330 380 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 315 155 155 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 395 175 220 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 30 15 15
Turkic languages 6,340 3,205 3,135 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 360 185 175 1,245 640 610
Turkish 5,490 2,770 2,720 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 130 70 60 610 315 290
Uzbek 265 135 125 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 455 230 225
Uralic languages 6,255 2,830 3,420 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 535 190 345 975 365 610
Finnish 260 105 155 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 5,460 2,540 2,925 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 215 115 100 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 245,945 116,105 129,845 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 6,510 3,015 3,500 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 233,300 110,350 122,950 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 1,355 595 755 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 4,780 2,145 2,635 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,704,415 1,301,900 1,402,515 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 2,057,585 995,080 1,062,500 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 271,530 130,775 140,750 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 27,445 12,365 15,080 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 335,090 157,720 177,375 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 390 170 220 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 334,700 157,550 177,155 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 1,835 875 960 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 6,420 3,080 3,340 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 4,370 1,945 2,425 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 140 65 80 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,120 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,089 33,456 27,576 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,340 1,042,005 1,145,335 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,958 30,661 25,918 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,888,445 918,920 969,525 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,733 36,010 28,105 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,598,440 709,585 888,850 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,249 1,115 3,956 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,578,750 791,520 787,230 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,602 37,149 30,393 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,294,785 1,092,650 1,202,135 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,225 1,041,925 1,145,300 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,268 62,667 42,807 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,505 1,042,020 1,145,485 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,462 48,059 35,461 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,889,205 918,695 970,505 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,901 66,647 43,781 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,598,720 710,015 888,705 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,631 5,725 7,355 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,578,750 791,440 787,310 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,032 64,206 43,805 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,294,790 1,092,650 1,202,135 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 726,575 392,985 333,585 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,246 58,626 52,090 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 78,643 89,498 65,856 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.6 93.6 86.7 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 77.7 70.1 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.4 6.4 13.3 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,125 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 107,760 50,750 57,010 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 2,187,030 1,041,910 1,145,115 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.4 95.3 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,430 182,890 206,540 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 410,355 175,805 234,550 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 291,155 125,720 165,430 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 221,475 100,395 121,085 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 187,235 87,700 99,530 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 145,500 70,185 75,315 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 114,460 57,710 56,755 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 89,645 46,940 42,705 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 69,990 37,360 32,635 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 58,210 30,000 28,210 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 209,580 127,215 82,365 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 119,810 68,240 51,570 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 89,770 58,970 30,795 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,120 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 107,450 50,660 56,790 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 2,187,340 1,042,005 1,145,335 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.3 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 395,780 185,320 210,465 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 425,580 183,045 242,535 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 330,405 144,295 186,105 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 261,435 120,825 140,605 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 213,815 101,645 112,175 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 154,925 77,555 77,375 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 112,495 59,255 53,240 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 84,300 44,485 39,810 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 208,615 125,585 83,025 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 57,270 30,705 26,570 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 34,660 20,035 14,630 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 116,680 74,850 41,830 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,120 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 716,035 301,145 414,895 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 1,578,750 791,520 787,235 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 68.8 72.4 65.5 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 201,235 94,895 106,335 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 132,320 61,255 71,065 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 219,865 103,505 116,355 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 176,835 81,220 95,615 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 157,115 75,230 81,885 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 141,850 68,400 73,450 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 113,280 57,245 56,045 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 90,310 47,125 43,180 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 72,190 39,215 32,970 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 273,760 163,425 110,330 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 57,585 31,675 25,910 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 50,845 26,265 24,585 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 165,330 105,485 59,840 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,829  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,264  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 359,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,018  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,172  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 752,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 359,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,409  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,276  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 752,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,289  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 33,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 54,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 47,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 47,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 46,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 47,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 44,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 84,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 76,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 68,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 60,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 53,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 343,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 100,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 68,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 77,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 96,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 34,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 37,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 55,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 52,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 53,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 55,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 53,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 98,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 86,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 75,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 63,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 51,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 263,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 94,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 58,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 111,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 705,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,859  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 221,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,232  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 316,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 138,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 705,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,312  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 221,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 127,461  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 317,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 155,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,979  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 137,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 518,285 246,070 272,220 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,059 31,130 31,006 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,647 28,567 28,713 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 517,005 245,105 271,900 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,407 49,458 45,557 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,513 39,445 37,673 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,455,315 686,810 768,505 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 404,560 195,060 209,500 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 320,165 146,185 173,980 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 268,500 125,455 143,040 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 238,680 113,000 125,680 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 223,410 107,115 116,300 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 1,236,350 609,425 626,925 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 216,455 103,995 112,460 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 213,325 103,540 109,785 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 219,865 107,815 112,050 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 241,850 119,425 122,430 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 344,855 174,650 170,205 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 478,360 245,340 233,020 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 162,510 83,480 79,030 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 1,811,260 874,400 936,860 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 402,045 176,495 225,550 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 543,390 254,890 288,495 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 125,675 64,485 61,195 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 42,690 21,880 20,810 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 347,775 163,045 184,725 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 69,935 27,360 42,575 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.2 19.7 20.7 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 26.3 26.3 26.3 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 26.3 26.2 26.3 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 19.2 18.6 19.7 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 17.4 15.5 18.9 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 469,325 224,145 245,185 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 98,910 50,725 48,185 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 33,950 17,340 16,605 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 322,620 155,490 167,135 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 47,805 17,935 29,865 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.4 17.3 17.6 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.7 20.7 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 20.9 20.8 21.0 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 11.9 10.2 13.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 2,559,780 1,243,220 1,316,560 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 2,557,220 1,242,185 1,315,035 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 246,610 107,660 138,950 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 1,464,760 689,505 775,260 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 795 325 465 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 660 285 375 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 135 70 65 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 10 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 30 20 10 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 25 0 20 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 10 10 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 70 35 40 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 10 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 510 220 295 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 10 0 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 480 210 275 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 10 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 10 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 25 10 10 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 50 10 40 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 40 0 30 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 10 0 10 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 10 10 10 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 10 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 10 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 10 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,464,025 689,205 774,820 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 100,735 49,935 50,795 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 140 80 60 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 35 15 20 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 65 45 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 17,255 7,505 9,750 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 65 40 25 1,085 625 470
Oromo 1,180 495 685 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 16,025 6,955 9,065 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 480 220 265
Semitic languages 84,510 42,935 41,580 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 9,560 4,440 5,115 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 47,885 25,005 22,885 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5,935 2,865 3,060 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 680 335 350 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 945 480 470 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 18,860 9,555 9,310 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 1,860 910 950 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 5,150 2,425 2,720 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 465 255 210 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 370 180 190 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,965 15,600 18,360 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,020 845 1,170 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 32,165 14,870 17,295 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 128,080 50,505 77,570 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 385 175 210 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 4,685 1,865 2,825 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 10 0 10 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 1,810 735 1,075 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 9,550 3,780 5,770 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 55 20 35 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 3,435 1,585 1,855 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 925 425 505 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 320 130 190 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 121,160 47,540 73,620 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 220 60 160 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 895 360 535 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 8,845 3,795 5,050 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 455 190 260 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 4,830 2,010 2,825 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,625 2,050 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 87,340 43,525 43,810 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 1,610 835 775 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 6,700 3,545 3,150 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 74,745 36,610 38,135 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 6,135 3,560 2,575 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 160 80 85 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 15 10 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 764,770 369,530 395,235 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 9,905 4,880 5,025 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 9,635 4,560 5,070 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 138,375 62,965 75,410 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 3,910 1,540 2,370 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 1,765 740 1,025 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 2,150 800 1,345 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 135,360 61,785 73,580 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 470 240 225 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 1,960 930 1,030 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 4,860 2,340 2,525 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 8,555 4,140 4,415 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 3,745 1,795 1,950 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 8,245 3,855 4,395 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 30,970 13,515 17,450 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 51,045 23,155 27,890 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 17,025 8,365 8,660 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 1,800 850 950 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 3,460 1,605 1,855 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,015 890 1,125 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 21,020 9,150 11,875 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 330 205 135 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 1,350 715 635 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 400 220 180 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 145 65 80 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 820 440 375 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 43,085 20,695 22,380 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 1,670 850 820 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 1,090 485 605 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 4,755 2,330 2,425 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 70 35 40 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 29,985 14,340 15,635 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 100 50 55 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 480 240 240 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 1,630 765 865 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 160 70 90 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 4,690 2,305 2,380 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 40,165 19,690 20,480 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 254,825 130,405 124,415 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 193,280 99,090 94,195 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 35,640 18,260 17,380 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 36,185 18,655 17,530 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 65,360 34,360 31,005 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 85 40 40 905 490 420
Konkani 1,505 695 810 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 3,225 1,630 1,600 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 3,920 1,940 1,980 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 450 220 230 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 33,780 17,720 16,065 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 4,190 1,955 2,235 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,860 3,385 3,470 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 57,675 29,280 28,390 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 63,770 32,350 31,415 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 2,080 1,205 870 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 6,570 3,595 2,975 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 57,755 29,110 28,650 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,520 850 665 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 290,570 136,500 154,065 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 240 125 115 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 91,590 42,760 48,835 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 75,785 36,510 39,270 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 14,625 6,575 8,045 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 122,190 57,080 65,110 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 440 225 215 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 12,065 5,105 6,960 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 1,130 575 550 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 1,125 570 555 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 37,610 17,460 20,155 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 350 155 195 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 350 155 190 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 26,430 12,495 13,935 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 7,005 3,220 3,785 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 110 70 40 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 1,210 500 710 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 265 155 110 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 290 150 145 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 470 190 280 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 585 280 305 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 1,475 765 715 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 1,270 540 730 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 400 210 185 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 460 210 250 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 755 350 410 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 6,210 2,995 3,210 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 285 135 150 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 3,600 1,870 1,730 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,975 1,745 2,235 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 310 170 140 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 55 40 20 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 3,090 1,375 1,715 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 1,950 765 1,185 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,195 650 545 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 279,900 129,990 149,910 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 273,765 126,960 146,800 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 141,260 64,620 76,645 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 3,035 1,260 1,770 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 150,735 69,895 80,840 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 460 205 255 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 7,235 3,190 4,045 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,225 1,490 1,735 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,055 3,155 3,895 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,400 3,170 3,230 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 885 400 485 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 245 115 135 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 5,045 2,515 2,525 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 295 170 120 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 2,205 875 1,330 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 845 380 460 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 1,455 540 915 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 115 50 65
Turkic languages 15,400 8,125 7,275 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 1,470 760 705 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 13,000 6,905 6,095 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 325 150 175 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 630 345 290 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 380 160 220 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 17,070 7,680 9,390 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 1,985 850 1,130 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 1,435 580 855 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 13,700 6,260 7,440 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,310 675 635 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 2,296,365 1,108,000 1,188,365 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 431,655 221,480 210,175 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,864,715 886,525 978,190 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 395,300 188,270 207,025 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,332,090 665,435 666,655 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,266,005 583,970 682,030 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 294,065 133,310 160,755 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 171,565 81,200 90,360 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 281,870 127,730 154,140 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 330,550 152,950 177,600 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 162,775 75,700 87,070 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 167,780 77,250 90,530 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 187,950 88,780 99,170 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 93,580 46,865 46,715 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,266,000 583,970 682,030 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 96,800 47,595 49,205 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 205,915 102,700 103,220 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 270,470 120,040 150,430 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 558,625 254,865 303,765 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 134,195 58,775 75,415 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,266,005 583,975 682,030 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 212,010 92,485 119,525 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 7,025 3,365 3,660 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 8,715 3,995 4,715 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 6,955 3,495 3,460 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 34,490 14,700 19,790 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 1,850 830 1,020 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 45,075 18,280 26,795 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 7,225 3,335 3,890 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 3,870 1,725 2,145 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 19,640 8,305 11,335 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 24,535 11,480 13,050 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 52,630 22,970 29,660 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 298,270 139,045 159,225 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,125 2,445 2,685 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 4,675 2,200 2,475 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 4,585 2,175 2,415 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 11,090 5,215 5,870 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 19,240 9,185 10,055 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 7,855 3,575 4,280 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 4,625 2,400 2,225 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 45,515 21,350 24,165 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 2,690 1,355 1,335 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 21,365 9,265 12,100 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 38,575 18,490 20,090 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 12,875 5,690 7,185 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 16,225 6,755 9,470 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 8,525 4,095 4,430 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 15,780 7,075 8,705 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 40,295 19,430 20,865 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 39,230 18,350 20,880 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 77,445 36,520 40,925 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 770 435 335 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 6,625 3,490 3,135 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 9,080 4,095 4,985 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 4,880 2,195 2,690 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 1,850 890 965 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 7,605 3,780 3,830 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 9,025 3,605 5,415 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 5,560 2,710 2,850 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 32,055 15,320 16,735 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 674,490 314,010 360,485 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 12,740 6,450 6,285 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 25,100 12,730 12,365 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 131,480 59,275