Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto, Census division [Census division], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, CDR
Ontario
[Census division]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Toronto, Census division [Census division], Ontario  Map : Toronto, Census division [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,731,571 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,615,060 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,179,057 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,112,929 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,334.4 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 630.20 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,731,570 1,313,590 1,417,985 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 398,135 204,190 193,945 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 136,000 69,895 66,105 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 135,025 69,350 65,680 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 127,110 64,945 62,165 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 1,906,495 925,070 981,425 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 145,525 74,240 71,285 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 194,745 97,415 97,330 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 232,950 113,905 119,040 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 224,575 108,895 115,675 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 196,305 94,070 102,240 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 182,390 86,535 95,860 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 190,925 90,860 100,065 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 202,410 98,735 103,670 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 182,800 88,145 94,660 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 153,870 72,270 81,600 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 426,945 184,325 242,615 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 130,545 60,360 70,180 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 93,605 42,320 51,285 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 76,165 32,730 43,430 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 60,630 25,670 34,965 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 66,000 23,250 42,755 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 40,800 15,665 25,135 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 19,680 6,185 13,500 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 4,750 1,280 3,475 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 770 125 650 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.5 13.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 69.8 70.4 69.2 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 15.6 14.0 17.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.7 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 39.3 38.0 40.5 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,112,930 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 269,675 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 493,275 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 349,880 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 71,225 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 61,630 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 48,540 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 165,630 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 2,860 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 95 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,112,930 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 359,955 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 333,425 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 175,720 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 146,580 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 97,245 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 2,691,665 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,333,435 1,109,400 1,224,035 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 1,181,360 592,560 588,800 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 1,011,185 505,025 506,160 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 170,175 87,535 82,635 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 1,152,075 516,840 635,235 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 806,270 410,970 395,295 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 68,715 27,570 41,145 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 152,000 55,485 96,510 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 125,100 22,810 102,285 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 718,755 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 344,110 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 174,600 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 143,250 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 56,795 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 718,755 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 566,155 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 481,125 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 85,030 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 152,600 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 128,545 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 24,055 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 566,155 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 250,085 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 316,070 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 133,440 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 130,765 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 51,865 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 152,595 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 94,025 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 41,160 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 17,415 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 602,860 277,825 325,035 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,112,930 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 653,360 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 226,080 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 427,275 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 31,600 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 427,975 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 359,960 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 68,010 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,704,415 1,301,900 1,402,515 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 2,323,235 1,139,580 1,183,655 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 2,725 1,140 1,580 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 245,695 107,985 137,705 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 132,765 53,195 79,570 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 2,508,815 1,219,600 1,289,215 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 39,795 18,800 20,995 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 24,865 11,210 13,660 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 130,940 52,295 78,645 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 52,230 24,405 27,825 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.9 2.0 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,515 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 2,598,230 1,251,215 1,347,010 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 1,411,345 697,965 713,380 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 1,375,905 681,120 694,785 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 35,440 16,840 18,595 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 1,186,885 553,250 633,630 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 420 185 235 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 310 135 170 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 5 0 5 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 35 50 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 5 5 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 10 5 5 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 10 15 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 40 15 30 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 200 95 105 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 175 85 90 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 5 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 5 5 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 20 0 15 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 20 5 20 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 10 5 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5 25 15 15
Salish languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 5 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 5 0 10 5 5
Dakota 5 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,186,465 553,065 633,395 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 65,540 32,330 33,205 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 130 75 50 725 405 320
Kabyle 55 30 25 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 12,355 5,305 7,055 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 75 40 30 250 140 110
Oromo 860 420 440 1,445 720 730
Somali 11,375 4,810 6,560 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 225 115 110
Semitic languages 52,845 26,840 26,005 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 6,430 2,880 3,545 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 29,825 15,750 14,075 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,840 2,360 2,480 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 695 360 335 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 755 345 410 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 4,350 2,350 2,000 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 1,430 715 715 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 4,150 1,885 2,260 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 375 190 185 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 200 115 90 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 26,160 11,855 14,305 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,365 595 770 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 24,775 11,255 13,520 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 5 10 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 99,755 39,025 60,725 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 320 135 180 595 260 330
Cebuano 3,390 1,335 2,055 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 30 15 15 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 1,695 660 1,035 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 7,135 2,765 4,375 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 15 10 10 100 45 55
Malay 1,930 885 1,050 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 720 310 410 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 320 120 200 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 83,230 32,445 50,790 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 210 60 155 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 760 290 465 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 3,015 1,350 1,665 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 165 75 85 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 1,825 815 1,015 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,025 460 560 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 67,055 33,175 33,875 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 730 380 350 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 4,560 2,465 2,100 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 57,530 27,935 29,600 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 4,125 2,350 1,770 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 15 5 15 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 589,415 282,355 307,055 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 8,500 4,225 4,275 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 7,845 3,745 4,105 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 120,445 53,655 66,790 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 3,490 1,365 2,125 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 1,605 640 965 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 1,885 725 1,160 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 116,955 52,290 64,665 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 195 95 100 515 230 280
Bosnian 1,110 530 580 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 4,345 2,075 2,270 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 5,565 2,535 3,035 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 2,860 1,345 1,515 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 6,190 2,920 3,270 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 25,060 10,845 14,215 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 36,145 15,805 20,340 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 13,385 6,450 6,935 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 1,470 670 800 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 3,095 1,455 1,645 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,785 750 1,040 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 15,465 6,685 8,780 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 280 140 140 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 275 130 145 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 80 35 40 450 210 240
Welsh 85 30 55 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 225 120 110
Germanic languages 22,310 10,095 12,215 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 400 215 190 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 665 290 380 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 3,185 1,535 1,645 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 40 20 15 1,240 630 620
German 14,520 6,440 8,080 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 60 35 30 210 100 110
Norwegian 225 105 125 940 405 540
Swedish 700 305 390 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 130 50 85 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 2,350 1,095 1,255 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 170 80 85
Greek 27,840 13,415 14,420 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 194,765 99,115 95,650 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 138,625 70,700 67,925 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 28,460 14,370 14,095 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 26,400 13,515 12,880 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 15,235 7,960 7,270 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 75 40 35 345 170 175
Konkani 745 350 390 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 1,760 930 830 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 2,540 1,295 1,245 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 300 165 135 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,965 10,375 9,590 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 2,440 1,080 1,360 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,280 1,600 1,675 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 37,420 19,005 18,415 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 55,195 27,900 27,300 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 1,650 930 715 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 4,355 2,285 2,070 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 49,190 24,680 24,510 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 940 520 425 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 207,440 97,980 109,460 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 130 70 55 285 150 135
Italian 62,635 29,050 33,590 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 59,360 28,535 30,820 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 12,335 5,630 6,705 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 72,855 34,630 38,220 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 420 200 215
Japanese 7,015 2,405 4,610 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 870 465 405 1,200 635 565
Georgian 870 465 405 1,200 635 565
Korean 33,665 15,160 18,510 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 290 130 165 405 180 220
Mongolian 295 130 160 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 13,780 6,460 7,325 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 4,345 1,970 2,370 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 45 20 25 140 60 80
Edo 675 260 415 1,140 475 670
Ewe 175 90 80 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 90 75 365 180 185
Ga 200 85 115 600 275 325
Ganda 375 185 195 760 360 400
Igbo 745 385 360 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 285 135 150 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 290 135 150 1,330 545 785
Shona 390 190 205 1,455 660 790
Swahili 2,230 1,045 1,180 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 120 65 50 290 145 150
Yoruba 1,585 820 760 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,900 845 1,060 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 235 125 110 1,610 810 800
Dinka 35 25 15 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 200 110 90 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 565 320 250 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 210 120 90 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 355 200 150 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 250,960 114,630 136,325 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 245,285 111,860 133,430 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 114,670 52,085 62,585 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 2,855 1,220 1,635 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 111,405 51,120 60,280 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 445 220 225 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 6,120 2,820 3,295 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,665 1,200 1,465 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,015 3,135 3,880 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5,670 2,775 2,900 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 605 275 335 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 260 120 135 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 4,595 2,270 2,320 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 215 110 105 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 1,720 690 1,030 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 705 365 345 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 1,005 325 685 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 25 10 15
Turkic languages 10,680 5,610 5,065 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 915 490 425 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 8,835 4,670 4,165 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 240 115 120 515 255 260
Uzbek 440 225 210 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 110 140 640 295 345
Uralic languages 15,145 6,655 8,490 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 1,945 775 1,170 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 1,315 495 825 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 11,885 5,385 6,500 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 585 310 275 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 106,190 50,685 55,500 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 7,550 3,525 4,025 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 92,620 44,390 48,230 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 3,300 1,515 1,785 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 2,715 1,260 1,460 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,704,420 1,301,900 1,402,515 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 2,458,470 1,185,800 1,272,665 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 1,756,685 858,655 898,030 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 1,739,620 850,745 888,875 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 17,060 7,915 9,155 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 701,780 327,145 374,640 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 110 55 55 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 55 30 20 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 5 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 20 15 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 30 20 15 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 5 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 5 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 5 5 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 40 15 20 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 701,675 327,085 374,585 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 36,560 17,185 19,380 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 40 20 20 345 175 170
Kabyle 20 10 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 7,490 3,140 4,355 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 40 20 20 170 80 85
Oromo 500 230 265 805 380 425
Somali 6,930 2,880 4,050 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 110 50 65
Semitic languages 28,920 13,965 14,950 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 3,425 1,500 1,925 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 16,490 8,210 8,280 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,615 1,755 1,865 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 475 245 235 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 445 195 250 555 250 305
Hebrew 1,610 805 805 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 425 200 230 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 2,250 980 1,265 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,760 8,020 9,735 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 725 305 420 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 17,020 7,715 9,305 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 48,375 20,215 28,160 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 70 35 40 90 35 55
Cebuano 1,320 560 760 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 5 5 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 615 260 355 910 385 530
Ilocano 2,695 1,150 1,545 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 5 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 570 275 300 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 210 95 120 445 200 250
Pangasinan 60 30 30 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 42,515 17,680 24,835 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 60 20 40 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 235 110 125 380 175 200
Creole languages 1,530 665 865 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 110 50 55 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 1,015 435 585 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 405 180 225 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 47,065 22,840 24,225 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 290 150 135 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 2,460 1,320 1,140 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 42,015 20,085 21,930 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 2,270 1,270 1,000 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 317,080 150,570 166,505 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 4,115 2,070 2,045 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 5,175 2,430 2,740 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 61,610 28,155 33,455 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 1,080 430 650 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 460 180 285 860 350 515
Lithuanian 620 250 370 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 60,530 27,725 32,810 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 70 35 40 175 80 90
Bosnian 500 240 260 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 2,450 1,190 1,260 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 2,045 950 1,090 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 850 410 445 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 2,725 1,285 1,440 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 10,605 4,730 5,880 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 23,075 10,425 12,650 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 8,020 3,870 4,160 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 580 275 305 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 1,615 795 820 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 495 200 295 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 7,425 3,300 4,125 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 355 160 190
Celtic languages 40 25 15 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 60 30 25
Welsh 10 5 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 35 20 15
Germanic languages 2,895 1,320 1,570 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 90 45 45 755 365 390
Danish 85 35 45 280 135 150
Dutch 285 140 145 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 1,955 875 1,080 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 15 5 10 45 20 30
Norwegian 30 15 20 70 30 40
Swedish 130 55 80 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 290 145 145 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 12,995 6,065 6,930 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 122,130 60,790 61,345 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 84,470 42,410 42,060 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 18,930 9,390 9,545 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 16,525 8,290 8,235 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 7,845 4,060 3,785 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 10 5 5 65 30 35
Konkani 160 80 80 540 260 280
Marathi 775 405 370 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 1,705 870 835 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 145 70 75 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,075 6,205 5,870 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 1,130 495 635 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,550 765 780 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 23,625 11,770 11,855 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 37,275 18,170 19,110 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 905 490 415 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 2,995 1,530 1,465 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 33,375 16,150 17,220 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 385 210 175 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 108,115 49,715 58,400 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 70 30 35 135 60 75
Italian 27,130 11,365 15,765 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 33,425 16,085 17,340 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 5,915 2,705 3,210 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 41,530 19,505 22,025 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 110 50 60
Japanese 3,300 1,380 1,920 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 640 340 295 770 420 355
Georgian 640 345 295 775 420 355
Korean 23,625 10,835 12,795 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 175 85 90 225 115 110
Mongolian 175 85 85 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 5,675 2,540 3,135 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 2,325 1,000 1,325 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 20 5 10 25 15 15
Edo 220 90 130 305 120 180
Ewe 40 10 25 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 35 110 55 55
Ga 85 30 50 175 80 100
Ganda 115 50 65 195 85 110
Igbo 250 130 120 540 265 275
Lingala 75 30 45 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 55 55 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 80 40 45 420 160 260
Shona 125 55 70 455 210 245
Swahili 995 435 555 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 55 35 25 130 65 65
Yoruba 565 295 265 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 570 255 315 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 35 25 550 260 290
Dinka 15 10 5 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 425 195 225
Sign languages 885 520 365 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 315 170 140 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 570 345 220 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 185,430 85,370 100,055 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 181,250 83,310 97,940 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 83,405 37,430 45,980 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 1,255 555 700 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 87,760 41,290 46,470 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 155 70 80 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,800 1,285 1,520 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,470 680 790 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,350 1,975 2,375 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,175 2,060 2,110 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 365 165 205 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 210 100 105 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 3,525 1,755 1,770 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 715 330 380 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 315 155 155 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 395 175 220 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 6,340 3,205 3,135 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 360 185 175 770 385 380
Turkish 5,490 2,770 2,720 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 130 70 60 290 150 140
Uzbek 265 135 125 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 250 130 120
Uralic languages 6,255 2,830 3,420 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 535 190 345 790 290 500
Finnish 260 105 155 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 5,460 2,540 2,925 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 215 115 100 465 245 225
Multiple responses 245,945 116,105 129,845 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 6,510 3,015 3,500 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 233,300 110,350 122,950 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 1,355 595 755 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 4,780 2,145 2,635 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,704,415 1,301,900 1,402,515 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 2,057,585 995,080 1,062,500 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 271,530 130,775 140,750 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 27,445 12,365 15,080 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 335,090 157,720 177,375 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 390 170 220 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 334,700 157,550 177,155 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 1,835 875 960 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 6,420 3,080 3,340 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 4,370 1,945 2,425 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 140 65 80 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,120 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,089 33,456 27,576 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,340 1,042,005 1,145,335 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,958 30,661 25,918 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,888,445 918,920 969,525 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,733 36,010 28,105 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,598,440 709,585 888,850 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,249 1,115 3,956 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,578,750 791,520 787,230 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,602 37,149 30,393 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,294,785 1,092,650 1,202,135 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,225 1,041,925 1,145,300 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,268 62,667 42,807 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,505 1,042,020 1,145,485 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,462 48,059 35,461 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,889,205 918,695 970,505 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,901 66,647 43,781 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,598,720 710,015 888,705 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,631 5,725 7,355 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,578,750 791,440 787,310 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,032 64,206 43,805 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,294,790 1,092,650 1,202,135 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 726,575 392,985 333,585 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,246 58,626 52,090 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 78,643 89,498 65,856 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.6 93.6 86.7 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 77.7 70.1 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.4 6.4 13.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,125 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 107,760 50,750 57,010 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 2,187,030 1,041,910 1,145,115 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.4 95.3 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,430 182,890 206,540 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 410,355 175,805 234,550 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 291,155 125,720 165,430 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 221,475 100,395 121,085 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 187,235 87,700 99,530 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 145,500 70,185 75,315 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 114,460 57,710 56,755 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 89,645 46,940 42,705 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 69,990 37,360 32,635 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 58,210 30,000 28,210 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 209,580 127,215 82,365 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 119,810 68,240 51,570 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 89,770 58,970 30,795 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,120 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 107,450 50,660 56,790 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 2,187,340 1,042,005 1,145,335 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.3 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 395,780 185,320 210,465 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 425,580 183,045 242,535 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 330,405 144,295 186,105 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 261,435 120,825 140,605 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 213,815 101,645 112,175 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 154,925 77,555 77,375 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 112,495 59,255 53,240 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 84,300 44,485 39,810 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 208,615 125,585 83,025 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 57,270 30,705 26,570 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 34,660 20,035 14,630 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 116,680 74,850 41,830 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,120 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 716,035 301,145 414,895 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 1,578,750 791,520 787,235 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 68.8 72.4 65.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 201,235 94,895 106,335 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 132,320 61,255 71,065 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 219,865 103,505 116,355 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 176,835 81,220 95,615 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 157,115 75,230 81,885 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 141,850 68,400 73,450 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 113,280 57,245 56,045 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 90,310 47,125 43,180 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 72,190 39,215 32,970 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 273,760 163,425 110,330 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 57,585 31,675 25,910 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 50,845 26,265 24,585 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 165,330 105,485 59,840 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,112,930 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,829 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,264 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 359,955 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,018 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,172 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 752,970 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,908 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,695 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,112,930 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,721 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,495 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 359,990 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,409 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,276 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 752,940 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,340 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,289 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,112,930 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 33,195 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,455 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,550 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 54,025 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 47,315 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 47,500 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 46,945 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 47,115 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,285 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 44,650 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 84,180 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 76,120 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 68,190 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 60,400 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 53,485 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 343,520 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 100,810 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 68,300 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 77,810 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 96,600 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,112,930 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 34,795 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,615 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 37,080 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 55,930 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,910 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 52,205 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 53,515 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,545 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 55,770 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 53,385 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 98,910 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 86,755 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 75,120 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 63,360 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 51,570 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 263,465 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 94,020 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 58,260 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 111,185 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 705,600 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,859 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,530 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 221,155 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,232 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,412 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 316,450 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,273 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,920 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 138,805 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,040 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,839 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 705,440 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,312 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,343 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 221,085 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 127,461 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,833 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 317,230 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 155,188 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,979 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 137,685 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,494 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,981 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 518,285 246,070 272,220 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,059 31,130 31,006 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,647 28,567 28,713 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 517,005 245,105 271,900 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,407 49,458 45,557 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,513 39,445 37,673 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,455,315 686,810 768,505 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 404,560 195,060 209,500 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 320,165 146,185 173,980 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 268,500 125,455 143,040 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 238,680 113,000 125,680 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 223,410 107,115 116,300 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 1,236,350 609,425 626,925 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 216,455 103,995 112,460 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 213,325 103,540 109,785 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 219,865 107,815 112,050 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 241,850 119,425 122,430 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 344,855 174,650 170,205 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 478,360 245,340 233,020 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 162,510 83,480 79,030 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 1,811,260 874,400 936,860 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 402,045 176,495 225,550 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 543,390 254,890 288,495 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 125,675 64,485 61,195 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 42,690 21,880 20,810 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 347,775 163,045 184,725 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 69,935 27,360 42,575 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.2 19.7 20.7 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 26.3 26.3 26.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 26.3 26.2 26.3 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 19.2 18.6 19.7 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 17.4 15.5 18.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 469,325 224,145 245,185 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 98,910 50,725 48,185 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 33,950 17,340 16,605 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 322,620 155,490 167,135 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 47,805 17,935 29,865 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.4 17.3 17.6 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.7 20.7 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.9 20.8 21.0 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 11.9 10.2 13.2 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 2,559,780 1,243,220 1,316,560 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 2,557,220 1,242,185 1,315,035 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 246,610 107,660 138,950 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 1,464,760 689,505 775,260 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 795 325 465 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 660 285 375 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 135 70 65 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 10 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 30 20 10 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 0 20 605 255 350
Woods Cree 10 10 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 70 35 40 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 10 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 510 220 295 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 0 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 480 210 275 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 10 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 10 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 10 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 25 10 10 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 50 10 40 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 40 0 30 1,625 710 915
Oneida 10 0 10 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 10 10 10 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 10 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 10 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,464,025 689,205 774,820 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 100,735 49,935 50,795 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 140 80 60 925 505 415
Kabyle 35 15 20 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 65 45 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 17,255 7,505 9,750 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 65 40 25 355 200 160
Oromo 1,180 495 685 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 16,025 6,955 9,065 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 370 170 205
Semitic languages 84,510 42,935 41,580 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 9,560 4,440 5,115 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 47,885 25,005 22,885 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5,935 2,865 3,060 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 680 335 350 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 945 480 470 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 18,860 9,555 9,310 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 1,860 910 950 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 5,150 2,425 2,720 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 465 255 210 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 370 180 190 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,965 15,600 18,360 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,020 845 1,170 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 32,165 14,870 17,295 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 128,080 50,505 77,570 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 385 175 210 755 340 425
Cebuano 4,685 1,865 2,825 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 0 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 1,810 735 1,075 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 9,550 3,780 5,770 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 55 20 35 215 115 100
Malay 3,435 1,585 1,855 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 925 425 505 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 320 130 190 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 121,160 47,540 73,620 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 220 60 160 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 895 360 535 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 8,845 3,795 5,050 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 455 190 260 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 4,830 2,010 2,825 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,625 2,050 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 87,340 43,525 43,810 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 1,610 835 775 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 6,700 3,545 3,150 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 74,745 36,610 38,135 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 6,135 3,560 2,575 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 160 80 85 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 15 10 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 764,770 369,530 395,235 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 9,905 4,880 5,025 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 9,635 4,560 5,070 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 138,375 62,965 75,410 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 3,910 1,540 2,370 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 1,765 740 1,025 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 2,150 800 1,345 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 135,360 61,785 73,580 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 470 240 225 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,960 930 1,030 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 4,860 2,340 2,525 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 8,555 4,140 4,415 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 3,745 1,795 1,950 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 8,245 3,855 4,395 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 30,970 13,515 17,450 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 51,045 23,155 27,890 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 17,025 8,365 8,660 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 1,800 850 950 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 3,460 1,605 1,855 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,015 890 1,125 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 21,020 9,150 11,875 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 330 205 135 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 1,350 715 635 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 400 220 180 1,480 720 765
Welsh 145 65 80 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 820 440 375 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 43,085 20,695 22,380 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 1,670 850 820 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 1,090 485 605 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 4,755 2,330 2,425 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 70 35 40 1,655 820 835
German 29,985 14,340 15,635 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 100 50 55 285 130 155
Norwegian 480 240 240 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 1,630 765 865 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 160 70 90 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 4,690 2,305 2,380 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 40,165 19,690 20,480 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 254,825 130,405 124,415 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 193,280 99,090 94,195 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 35,640 18,260 17,380 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 36,185 18,655 17,530 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 65,360 34,360 31,005 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 85 40 40 600 300 300
Konkani 1,505 695 810 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 3,225 1,630 1,600 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 3,920 1,940 1,980 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 450 220 230 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 33,780 17,720 16,065 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 4,190 1,955 2,235 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,860 3,385 3,470 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 57,675 29,280 28,390 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 63,770 32,350 31,415 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 2,080 1,205 870 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 6,570 3,595 2,975 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 57,755 29,110 28,650 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,520 850 665 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 290,570 136,500 154,065 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 240 125 115 515 275 240
Italian 91,590 42,760 48,835 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 75,785 36,510 39,270 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 14,625 6,575 8,045 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 122,190 57,080 65,110 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 440 225 215 1,355 745 605
Japanese 12,065 5,105 6,960 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 1,130 575 550 1,555 775 780
Georgian 1,125 570 555 1,555 770 785
Korean 37,610 17,460 20,155 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 350 155 195 515 225 285
Mongolian 350 155 190 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 26,430 12,495 13,935 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 7,005 3,220 3,785 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 110 70 40 385 195 185
Edo 1,210 500 710 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 265 155 110 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 290 150 145 700 320 375
Ga 470 190 280 1,340 645 695
Ganda 585 280 305 1,225 550 675
Igbo 1,475 765 715 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 1,270 540 730 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 400 210 185 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 460 210 250 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 755 350 410 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 6,210 2,995 3,210 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 285 135 150 730 355 375
Yoruba 3,600 1,870 1,730 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,975 1,745 2,235 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 310 170 140 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 55 40 20 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 3,090 1,375 1,715 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 1,950 765 1,185 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,195 650 545 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 279,900 129,990 149,910 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 273,765 126,960 146,800 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 141,260 64,620 76,645 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 3,035 1,260 1,770 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 150,735 69,895 80,840 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 460 205 255 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 7,235 3,190 4,045 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,225 1,490 1,735 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,055 3,155 3,895 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,400 3,170 3,230 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 885 400 485 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 245 115 135 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 5,045 2,515 2,525 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 295 170 120 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 2,205 875 1,330 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 845 380 460 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 1,455 540 915 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 30 10 20
Turkic languages 15,400 8,125 7,275 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 1,470 760 705 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 13,000 6,905 6,095 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 325 150 175 700 350 345
Uzbek 630 345 290 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 380 160 220 915 450 465
Uralic languages 17,070 7,680 9,390 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 1,985 850 1,130 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 1,435 580 855 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 13,700 6,260 7,440 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,310 675 635 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 2,296,365 1,108,000 1,188,365 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 431,655 221,480 210,175 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,864,715 886,525 978,190 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 395,300 188,270 207,025 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,332,090 665,435 666,655 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,266,005 583,970 682,030 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 294,065 133,310 160,755 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 171,565 81,200 90,360 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 281,870 127,730 154,140 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 330,550 152,950 177,600 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 162,775 75,700 87,070 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 167,780 77,250 90,530 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 187,950 88,780 99,170 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 93,580 46,865 46,715 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,266,000 583,970 682,030 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 96,800 47,595 49,205 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 205,915 102,700 103,220 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 270,470 120,040 150,430 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 558,625 254,865 303,765 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 134,195 58,775 75,415 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,266,005 583,975 682,030 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 212,010 92,485 119,525 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 7,025 3,365 3,660 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 8,715 3,995 4,715 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 6,955 3,495 3,460 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 34,490 14,700 19,790 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 1,850 830 1,020 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 45,075 18,280 26,795 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 7,225 3,335 3,890 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 3,870 1,725 2,145 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 19,640 8,305 11,335 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 24,535 11,480 13,050 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 52,630 22,970 29,660 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 298,270 139,045 159,225 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,125 2,445 2,685 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 4,675 2,200 2,475 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 4,585 2,175 2,415 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 11,090 5,215 5,870 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 19,240 9,185 10,055 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 7,855 3,575 4,280 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 4,625 2,400 2,225 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 45,515 21,350 24,165 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 2,690 1,355 1,335 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 21,365 9,265 12,100 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 38,575 18,490 20,090 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 12,875 5,690 7,185 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 16,225 6,755 9,470 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 8,525 4,095 4,430 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 15,780 7,075 8,705 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 40,295 19,430 20,865 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 39,230 18,350 20,880 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 77,445 36,520 40,925 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 770 435 335 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 6,625 3,490 3,135 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 9,080 4,095 4,985 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 4,880 2,195 2,690 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 1,850 890 965 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 7,605 3,780 3,830 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 9,025 3,605 5,415 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 5,560 2,710 2,850 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 32,055 15,320 16,735 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 674,490 314,010 360,485 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 12,740 6,450 6,285 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 25,100 12,730 12,365 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 131,480 59,275 72,205 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 38,825 17,855 20,965 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 79,225 40,115 39,110 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 36,440 18,300 18,145 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 11,135 5,490 5,645 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 3,985 1,260 2,725 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 26,830 12,330 14,505 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 6,010 3,350 2,660 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 34,750 17,535 17,215 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 118,775 47,820 70,955 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 52,900 25,740 27,160 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 5,575 2,795 2,785 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 7,695 3,320 4,375 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 30,580 13,725 16,850 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 52,450 25,925 26,525 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,780 1,910 1,870 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 187,945 88,780 99,170 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 23,850 11,215 12,635 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 1,910 930 980 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 1,430 670 760 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 770 345 425 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 675 315 360 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 3,530 1,845 1,685 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 2,065 995 1,070 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,015 2,090 1,930 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,060 480 580 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 8,390 3,545 4,845 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 20,260 10,240 10,020 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 1,145 555 585 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 625 345 280 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,220 780 440 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote