Census Profile, 2016 Census
Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peel, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,381,739 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,296,809 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 443,918 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 430,180 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,108.1 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,246.95 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,381,740 678,700 703,040 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 253,525 130,595 122,930 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 76,315 39,040 37,275 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 87,260 44,865 42,400 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 89,945 46,690 43,260 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 951,395 466,930 484,470 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 97,155 50,810 46,340 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 100,655 52,375 48,280 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 90,540 45,250 45,295 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 91,240 43,370 47,870 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 93,395 43,135 50,260 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 96,990 45,595 51,395 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 103,465 49,675 53,790 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 108,240 53,440 54,795 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 94,150 46,560 47,595 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 75,560 36,720 38,845 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 176,820 81,175 95,640 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 62,410 29,810 32,600 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 43,800 20,835 22,965 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 31,105 14,480 16,625 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 20,830 9,205 11,625 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 18,665 6,845 11,825 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 12,110 4,885 7,225 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 5,145 1,620 3,530 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,215 295 920 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 200 45 150 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 19.2 17.5 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.9 68.8 68.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 12.8 12.0 13.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.7 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 38.3 37.5 39.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.1 37.0 39.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 430,180 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 196,060 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 80,780 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 152,970 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 51,040 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 56,145 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 19,695 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 25,965 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 115 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 370 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 430,180 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 68,345 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 104,345 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 81,820 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 94,060 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 81,615 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,372,645 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,128,210 548,105 580,110 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 661,470 330,300 331,170 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 613,325 306,245 307,075 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 48,145 24,050 24,095 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 466,745 217,805 248,940 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 335,565 178,520 157,045 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 28,025 10,895 17,130 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 51,760 18,650 33,110 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 51,395 9,740 41,655 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 386,185 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 141,600 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 95,025 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 104,930 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 44,630 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 386,185 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 320,520 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 296,475 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,045 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 65,660 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 53,940 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 11,725 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 320,520 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 104,775 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 215,750 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 75,015 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 98,465 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 42,270 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 65,665 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 36,825 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 20,005 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 8,830 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 148,295 67,280 81,015 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 430,180 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 316,910 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 78,440 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 238,470 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 32,910 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 80,360 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 68,345 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 12,015 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 1,233,210 618,475 614,730 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 1,155 490 660 1,110 530 580
English and French 86,395 37,055 49,345 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 55,040 20,500 34,535 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,295,375 644,520 650,855 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 13,760 6,225 7,535 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 12,440 5,670 6,770 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 54,225 20,100 34,120 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 19,980 9,060 10,915 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,305,305 641,785 663,520 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 674,495 335,195 339,305 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 662,455 329,710 332,745 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 12,040 5,480 6,560 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 630,810 306,595 324,215 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 70 35 35 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 5 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 10 15 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 15 10 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 630,745 306,560 324,180 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 42,455 21,365 21,085 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 55 30 25 95 55 35
Kabyle 35 20 20 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,500 645 855 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oromo 85 40 45 165 95 75
Somali 1,400 600 795 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 10 5 5
Semitic languages 40,765 20,625 20,140 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 625 300 325 1,140 560 585
Arabic 34,310 17,435 16,875 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,115 1,545 1,570 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 505 245 260 440 240 195
Harari 65 30 35 25 10 15
Hebrew 105 70 35 1,770 960 805
Maltese 1,390 680 710 80 40 40
Tigrigna 345 165 175 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 315 165 150 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 55 75 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 15,015 7,015 8,000 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 320 140 180 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 14,655 6,860 7,800 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 15 25 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 35,515 14,970 20,540 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 95 45 50 310 140 170
Cebuano 1,000 430 565 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 20 10 10 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 365 135 225 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 1,165 480 680 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 10 5 5 15 0 10
Malay 1,305 585 715 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 380 180 195 635 290 345
Pangasinan 80 40 40 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,895 12,960 17,935 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 65 30 35 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 70 80 830 360 470
Creole languages 1,640 815 825 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,000 510 490 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 615 290 325 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 33,080 16,325 16,755 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 955 455 500 225 115 110
Malayalam 5,595 2,800 2,795 1,750 905 845
Tamil 22,780 11,115 11,665 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 3,615 1,885 1,730 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 432,875 213,370 219,500 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 2,670 1,360 1,310 1,090 560 530
Armenian 750 380 370 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 64,830 30,625 34,205 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 830 355 480 645 280 370
Latvian 190 85 105 320 145 175
Lithuanian 640 270 370 325 130 200
Slavic languages 64,000 30,265 33,730 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 35 15 20 60 30 30
Bosnian 1,295 645 655 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 1,330 665 665 1,725 805 915
Croatian 6,340 3,140 3,205 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 950 445 500 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 1,630 785 845 250 120 135
Polish 32,095 14,975 17,120 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 5,820 2,625 3,205 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 4,485 2,215 2,265 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 580 285 300 1,145 545 600
Slovak 1,050 490 560 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,120 525 590 545 250 290
Ukrainian 7,150 3,395 3,755 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 55 180 90 90
Celtic languages 65 20 40 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 35 10 20 125 65 60
Welsh 15 5 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 65 40 25
Germanic languages 7,660 3,370 4,285 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 115 50 65 1,435 730 705
Danish 290 130 160 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,810 785 1,025 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 45 10 30 80 30 50
German 5,130 2,285 2,845 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 45 20 25 835 410 430
Swedish 150 60 90 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 20 35 200 105 95
Yiddish 15 10 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 20 15
Greek 3,420 1,705 1,715 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 269,670 135,850 133,825 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 258,345 130,115 128,230 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 6,455 3,205 3,250 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 24,705 12,275 12,425 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 24,185 11,975 12,210 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 110 60 55 40 25 15
Konkani 1,055 500 555 225 110 110
Marathi 2,015 1,010 1,005 535 280 255
Nepali 1,895 945 945 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 210 110 100 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 134,460 68,250 66,215 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 1,535 755 785 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,770 1,350 1,420 1,455 730 725
Urdu 58,955 29,695 29,265 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 10,705 5,420 5,285 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 305 185 120 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,835 940 900 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 8,565 4,300 4,265 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 620 310 305 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 83,815 40,065 43,750 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 24,420 12,155 12,265 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 27,685 13,215 14,465 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 3,600 1,705 1,900 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 28,075 12,970 15,110 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 60 40 25
Japanese 1,050 395 650 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 40 25 20 65 40 25
Georgian 40 25 20 65 40 25
Korean 5,210 2,455 2,760 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 340 145 200
Mongolian 30 15 15 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 7,645 3,565 4,080 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 3,425 1,595 1,835 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 260 110 155 80 45 30
Ewe 130 55 70 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 15 15 20 10 5
Ga 185 85 100 35 15 15
Ganda 95 40 50 65 35 30
Igbo 550 280 270 160 90 65
Lingala 55 25 30 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 30 45 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 25 40 105 45 55
Shona 170 85 90 150 70 85
Swahili 560 250 310 585 285 295
Wolof 30 15 20 30 10 20
Yoruba 1,295 640 655 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 705 315 390 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 40 25 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 190 85 100
Sign languages 285 145 135 620 330 295
American Sign Language 90 50 40 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 100 95 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 49,980 23,310 26,670 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 49,500 23,075 26,420 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 19,885 9,240 10,650 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 470 220 255 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 25,860 12,120 13,735 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 35 20 20 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,460 655 800 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 625 280 350 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,140 535 605 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 485 240 245 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 200 90 105 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 10 5 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 190 95 95 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 50 40 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 880 360 515 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 640 300 345 800 405 400
Thai 235 60 170 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,850 935 915 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 75 35 40 495 275 225
Turkish 1,610 820 790 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 85 40 40 165 80 85
Uzbek 45 25 25 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 2,890 1,330 1,560 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 215 100 115 455 195 260
Finnish 225 90 135 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 2,450 1,135 1,310 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 365 200 170
Multiple responses 70,495 34,735 35,765 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 3,220 1,455 1,765 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 64,105 31,895 32,210 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 1,315 565 750 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 1,855 820 1,040 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,202,795 591,040 611,760 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 843,850 416,880 426,970 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 838,125 414,210 423,915 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 5,725 2,670 3,055 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 358,950 174,155 184,790 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 30 15 15 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 358,920 174,140 184,775 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 22,740 11,135 11,605 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 10 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 5 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 665 295 370 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 30 15 15 80 40 35
Somali 630 280 350 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 22,000 10,800 11,200 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 250 115 130 535 250 290
Arabic 18,915 9,320 9,600 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,870 915 955 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 270 130 140 305 160 145
Harari 25 15 15 10 5 5
Hebrew 30 15 15 785 400 385
Maltese 330 150 180 5 5 0
Tigrigna 140 65 75 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,090 4,700 5,385 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 70 80 620 290 330
Vietnamese 9,925 4,625 5,300 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 14,735 6,645 8,090 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 345 165 180 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 95 40 55 355 150 205
Ilocano 375 170 205 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 5 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 475 225 250 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 65 135 65 75
Pangasinan 15 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,275 5,965 7,310 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 260 130 130
Creole languages 930 460 470 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 650 330 320 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 120 145 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 20,320 9,880 10,445 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 430 215 215 95 45 50
Malayalam 2,905 1,440 1,460 885 450 435
Tamil 14,935 7,155 7,775 1,935 965 965
Telugu 2,005 1,045 955 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 244,765 119,955 124,810 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 1,340 670 670 530 255 270
Armenian 315 145 170 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 33,810 16,145 17,670 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 265 115 155 160 75 90
Latvian 45 20 20 65 30 35
Lithuanian 220 90 130 90 45 50
Slavic languages 33,550 16,035 17,515 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 10 5 10 10 5 5
Bosnian 705 345 365 540 270 270
Bulgarian 785 390 395 925 425 495
Croatian 2,495 1,230 1,270 1,795 840 955
Czech 340 170 170 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 760 385 375 120 60 60
Polish 17,660 8,375 9,285 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 3,610 1,695 1,915 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 2,545 1,240 1,305 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 250 120 130 435 205 235
Slovak 330 155 180 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 120 135 60 25 35
Ukrainian 3,760 1,800 1,960 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 0 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 710 310 395 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 25 15 15 520 250 265
Danish 20 10 10 180 90 90
Dutch 105 40 65 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 5 5 5 0
German 515 225 285 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 30 15 10 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 1,070 490 580 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 172,780 86,020 86,760 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 166,310 82,880 83,435 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 3,825 1,855 1,965 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 14,890 7,255 7,630 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 12,250 6,005 6,250 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 20 10 15 5 0 0
Konkani 215 100 115 40 15 15
Marathi 960 490 460 245 125 120
Nepali 1,250 625 625 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 100 50 50 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 94,880 47,725 47,155 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 720 355 370 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,260 625 635 595 290 305
Urdu 35,935 17,780 18,155 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 6,225 3,030 3,195 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 155 90 65 1,025 515 505
Pashto 1,015 505 510 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 5,055 2,435 2,625 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 240 110 130 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 34,730 16,180 18,555 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 5 0 60 30 35
Italian 6,370 2,815 3,555 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 11,045 5,235 5,810 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,685 800 885 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 15,615 7,320 8,300 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 10 5 10
Japanese 570 265 305 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 15 10 10
Georgian 15 10 10 15 10 10
Korean 3,545 1,705 1,840 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 160 80 85
Mongolian 10 10 10 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 2,615 1,170 1,440 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 1,480 650 830 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 65 25 45 15 5 5
Ewe 40 20 20 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 60 30 25 5 0 0
Ganda 35 20 15 5 5 5
Igbo 120 60 60 35 20 15
Lingala 10 5 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 45 15 30
Shona 75 40 35 40 15 20
Swahili 145 60 80 155 60 90
Wolof 15 10 10 0 0 0
Yoruba 425 190 240 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 60 20 40
Sign languages 460 270 190 830 460 370
American Sign Language 165 90 80 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 290 175 115 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 35,715 16,800 18,920 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 35,440 16,655 18,780 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 13,605 6,215 7,390 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 145 70 75 670 280 390
Mandarin 19,955 9,590 10,370 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 625 275 350 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 395 180 215 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 685 325 365 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 280 140 140 1,630 820 810
Burmese 125 60 60 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 140 70 70 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 375 175 200 1,015 435 580
Lao 305 140 160 335 160 175
Thai 70 30 40 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 990 480 510 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 185 95 90
Turkish 875 425 450 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 60 30 25 100 50 50
Uzbek 25 15 10 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 940 455 485 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 25 10 10 75 30 45
Finnish 30 10 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 890 430 455 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45 110 50 60
Multiple responses 173,000 85,480 87,520 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 3,010 1,340 1,670 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 166,330 82,540 83,785 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 555 255 305 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 3,105 1,350 1,755 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 1,023,775 503,270 520,510 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 156,995 79,355 77,635 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 9,505 3,945 5,550 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 179,135 86,855 92,280 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 30 15 15 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 179,105 86,845 92,260 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 985 450 535 965 435 530
English and non-official language 3,705 1,895 1,810 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 1,655 720 935 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,119,400 544,795 574,605 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,053,150 513,510 539,635 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,715 35,812 26,687 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,053,315 513,545 539,775 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,405 32,554 25,077 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 927,385 467,335 460,050 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,381 36,866 26,509 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 757,275 333,870 423,410 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,169 917 3,855 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 805,200 415,990 389,210 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,467 38,017 29,520 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,119,400 544,800 574,605 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,053,655 513,720 539,935 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,651 49,339 36,287 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,053,850 513,760 540,085 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,665 40,372 31,187 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 927,480 467,585 459,890 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,405 50,495 36,196 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 756,500 333,300 423,195 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,189 5,207 6,962 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 805,200 416,420 388,785 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,132 50,326 37,498 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,119,400 544,795 574,605 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 384,710 216,620 168,090 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,426 56,821 47,980 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,269 68,999 55,885 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 93.1 85.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.9 82.4 74.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 6.9 15.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,119,405 544,795 574,605 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 66,255 31,285 34,970 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 1,053,145 513,515 539,635 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.1 94.3 93.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 191,530 84,220 107,310 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 188,635 79,650 108,985 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 137,135 61,305 75,830 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 114,215 53,100 61,115 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 100,860 47,700 53,155 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 79,600 40,600 38,995 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 60,400 33,500 26,905 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 45,660 27,005 18,660 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 34,805 20,950 13,855 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 28,145 16,175 11,965 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 72,155 49,295 22,865 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 49,845 33,120 16,725 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 22,320 16,175 6,140 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,119,405 544,795 574,605 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 66,085 31,250 34,830 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 1,053,315 513,545 539,775 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.1 94.3 93.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 194,025 85,005 109,020 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 196,450 83,480 112,965 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 158,705 71,470 87,235 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 136,280 64,335 71,950 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 116,675 57,980 58,695 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 81,700 45,025 36,675 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 56,405 33,620 22,785 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 40,930 24,045 16,885 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 72,150 48,595 23,560 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 25,200 15,585 9,610 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 14,375 9,730 4,645 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 32,580 23,275 9,300 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,119,400 544,795 574,605 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 314,200 128,805 185,395 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 805,200 415,990 389,210 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.9 76.4 67.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 98,205 46,060 52,145 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 67,295 29,650 37,640 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 113,910 54,995 58,915 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 91,845 43,775 48,070 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 86,550 41,105 45,445 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 79,515 38,590 40,925 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 64,615 34,270 30,350 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 49,530 28,435 21,100 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 38,530 23,475 15,050 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 115,205 75,635 39,570 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 30,230 18,585 11,645 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 25,115 14,535 10,580 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 59,860 42,515 17,345 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 430,180 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,233 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,667 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 68,345 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,872 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,934 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 361,835 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,263 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,394 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 430,180 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 104,466 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,371 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 68,315 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,872 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,786 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 361,870 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,394 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,788 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 430,180 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,140 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,850 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,350 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,770 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,210 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,850 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,180 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,250 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,885 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,340 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,075 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,355 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,245 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,190 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 26,490 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 178,000 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,095 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,635 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 46,050 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 36,215 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 430,180 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,470 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,925 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,480 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,150 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,270 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,145 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,935 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,795 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,360 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,795 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,755 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 36,015 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 35,075 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 32,115 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,845 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 139,040 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,425 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 35,210 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 48,410 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 356,435 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,869 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,175 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.6 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 75,975 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,464 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,996 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 214,125 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,391 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,547 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.3 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 54,710 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,604 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,949 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 356,135 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,319 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,798 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 75,955 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,227 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,650 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 214,065 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,895 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,923 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 54,350 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,017 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,851 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 102,755 51,105 51,650 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,735 36,964 32,735 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,494 33,087 30,000 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 102,550 51,120 51,425 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,684 46,348 43,031 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,293 38,195 36,397 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,372,645 675,245 697,395 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 665,170 322,535 342,640 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 116,645 57,145 59,500 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 130,265 61,780 68,485 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 135,530 65,180 70,350 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 139,815 68,270 71,540 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 142,910 70,150 72,755 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 707,470 352,715 354,760 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 143,925 70,860 73,065 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 145,155 71,660 73,495 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 145,660 72,545 73,115 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 147,830 74,125 73,705 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 124,905 63,515 61,390 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 309,765 159,880 149,885 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 92,550 47,395 45,155 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 892,655 436,170 456,485 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 170,220 79,190 91,025 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 175,980 84,210 91,770 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 56,075 29,150 26,925 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 17,870 9,235 8,630 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 102,300 48,005 54,295 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 17,605 7,055 10,555 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.5 13.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 18.2 18.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.3 19.5 19.1 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 11.0 11.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.3 8.9 11.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 138,555 67,480 71,075 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 41,810 21,750 20,060 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 13,450 6,955 6,490 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 85,760 41,545 44,210 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 10,990 4,185 6,805 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.1 10.0 10.2 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.5 13.6 13.4 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 14.5 14.7 14.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.6 9.5 9.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 6.5 5.3 7.5 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,317,715 654,715 663,005 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,316,720 654,335 662,390 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 87,025 37,420 49,610 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 788,825 384,845 403,975 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 115 50 65 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 85 30 60 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 20 25 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 25 10 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 15 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 15 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 0 25 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 20 0 20 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 10 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 10 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 10 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 788,710 384,800 403,910 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 56,265 28,545 27,715 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 55 35 20 125 80 45
Kabyle 35 25 15 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 2,395 1,050 1,350 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 10 0 10 15 0 15
Oromo 120 50 75 190 110 80
Somali 2,255 990 1,260 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 53,875 27,485 26,385 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,120 510 615 1,755 905 855
Arabic 47,510 24,415 23,095 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,865 1,965 1,905 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 705 320 385 545 270 275
Harari 145 75 75 55 35 20
Hebrew 595 355 240 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 1,760 830 930 165 90 80
Tigrigna 535 245 295 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 390 180 215 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 260 110 150 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 19,070 8,995 10,075 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 350 135 225 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 18,715 8,870 9,845 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 44,845 18,965 25,880 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 100 40 60 495 205 285
Cebuano 1,650 700 950 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 20 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 485 170 310 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 1,605 610 990 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 2,120 995 1,130 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 455 195 255 775 350 430
Pangasinan 85 45 45 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 41,965 17,665 24,295 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 55 25 30 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 170 90 80 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 5,265 2,495 2,765 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 110 65 50 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 2,850 1,400 1,450 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,310 1,045 1,270 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 45,185 22,675 22,505 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 2,185 1,070 1,110 445 210 235
Malayalam 7,315 3,670 3,650 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 32,560 16,260 16,295 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 5,400 2,855 2,540 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 240 135 105 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 549,440 271,910 277,530 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 3,060 1,575 1,485 1,135 580 555
Armenian 950 470 480 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 74,415 35,620 38,795 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 1,015 445 565 635 310 325
Latvian 240 95 145 310 175 140
Lithuanian 770 355 420 325 135 185
Slavic languages 73,610 35,255 38,350 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 120 65 55 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,885 945 945 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 1,580 815 760 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 8,820 4,285 4,535 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,210 590 615 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 2,270 1,125 1,150 345 180 160
Polish 37,890 18,035 19,855 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 10,245 4,965 5,275 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 5,750 2,905 2,845 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 600 285 315 1,240 595 645
Slovak 1,395 670 725 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,385 605 780 725 330 400
Ukrainian 9,770 4,540 5,235 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 140 70 65 250 120 125
Celtic languages 175 70 110 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 80 30 55 350 225 120
Welsh 15 0 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45 685 370 320
Germanic languages 12,260 5,845 6,415 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 530 255 275 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 335 175 160 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,210 1,000 1,205 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 50 10 40 120 55 65
German 8,915 4,290 4,620 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 165 75 90 1,405 730 680
Swedish 310 150 160 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 10 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 75 40 30
Greek 5,060 2,620 2,440 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 345,715 174,545 171,170 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 334,485 168,990 165,495 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 8,085 4,005 4,085 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 33,105 16,380 16,725 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 108,315 54,525 53,790 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 250 120 135 45 25 20
Konkani 2,625 1,160 1,470 375 185 190
Marathi 4,110 2,120 1,990 1,275 650 625
Nepali 2,175 1,085 1,090 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 325 155 165 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 180,750 92,565 88,185 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 2,410 1,150 1,255 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,630 2,345 2,280 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 88,130 44,680 43,450 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 12,930 6,365 6,560 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 375 210 165 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,240 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 10,575 5,170 5,405 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,325 695 630 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 113,440 53,990 59,445 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 35 15 20 245 125 120
Italian 35,875 17,640 18,235 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 35,860 17,140 18,720 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 4,280 2,065 2,215 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 41,335 19,005 22,335 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 220 130 85
Japanese 1,860 855 1,005 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 90 50 40
Georgian 70 40 30 90 50 45
Korean 5,790 2,670 3,120 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 45 20 30 320 155 170
Mongolian 45 15 30 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 14,965 7,120 7,850 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 5,425 2,515 2,910 495 280 215
Bamanankan 55 15 40 20 10 10
Edo 570 275 295 115 65 55
Ewe 150 60 90 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 120 70 55 45 10 35
Ga 430 235 195 95 60 35
Ganda 160 70 85 105 60 45
Igbo 1,050 505 545 240 140 95
Lingala 480 205 275 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 35 65 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 175 60 115 210 95 115
Shona 235 95 145 265 125 140
Swahili 2,240 1,120 1,120 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 95 40 55 30 15 15
Yoruba 3,185 1,555 1,630 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,495 740 755 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 50 20 300 150 150
Dinka 10 10 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 45 20 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,085 485 600 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 520 190 335 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 575 300 280 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 57,520 27,000 30,520 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 56,900 26,675 30,230 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 25,455 11,825 13,630 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 510 235 275 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 34,605 16,080 18,525 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 60 25 40 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,925 905 1,010 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 865 405 460 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,195 530 665 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 640 340 300 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 185 90 95 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 295 160 135 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 165 90 70 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,225 580 645 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 900 445 455 1,125 505 620
Thai 435 185 250 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,525 1,290 1,235 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 80 35 45 835 455 385
Turkish 2,265 1,185 1,080 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 130 45 80 105 50 55
Uzbek 45 25 20 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 225 125 105
Uralic languages 3,245 1,480 1,770 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 260 110 150 495 205 295
Finnish 280 140 140 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 2,705 1,230 1,475 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 665 355 310 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,192,495 587,865 604,625 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 283,905 146,305 137,600 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 908,590 441,560 467,025 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 180,145 87,375 92,770 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 642,835 323,765 319,070 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 706,835 339,410 367,430 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 134,265 63,400 70,865 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 94,105 45,615 48,490 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 171,230 82,550 88,680 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 213,135 102,330 110,805 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 113,910 54,840 59,070 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 99,225 47,485 51,740 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 94,105 45,515 48,595 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 22,970 12,070 10,895 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 706,840 339,405 367,430 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 60,825 30,760 30,065 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 116,450 59,505 56,945 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 159,265 70,515 88,750 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 291,160 142,250 148,910 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 79,140 36,375 42,765 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 706,835 339,405 367,430 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 112,715 50,455 62,260 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 1,505 630 875 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 4,745 2,170 2,570 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 2,425 1,195 1,230 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 20,875 9,665 11,215 920 415 500
Haiti 440 255 185 265 110 160
Jamaica 35,320 15,095 20,225 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,890 740 1,145 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 2,005 870 1,130 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 14,255 6,385 7,870 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,860 4,225 4,640 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 20,405 9,225 11,180 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 132,035 63,140 68,895 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,075 1,585 1,495 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 4,425 2,125 2,305 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 1,000 445 555 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 4,425 2,090 2,335 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 2,405 1,225 1,185 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,360 620 745 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,515 650 860 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 16,575 8,505 8,070 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,640 755 885 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 26,005 12,115 13,885 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 21,195 10,285 10,910 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 3,685 1,745 1,940 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 2,660 1,180 1,475 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,520 1,275 1,250 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 4,985 2,275 2,715 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 21,405 9,910 11,495 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 13,155 6,375 6,780 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 40,840 19,970 20,865 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 300 155 145 430 270 150
Egypt 10,065 5,135 4,925 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 1,020 470 550 1,665 835 825
Kenya 3,380 1,545 1,835 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 445 215 225 730 385 340
Nigeria 6,280 3,150 3,135 1,205 630 575
Somalia 1,260 505 755 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,690 775 910 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 16,400 8,020 8,380 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 419,545 205,090 214,460 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 5,160 2,520 2,635 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 4,380 2,140 2,240 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 26,270 12,085 14,185 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 8,225 3,835 4,390 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 181,395 90,345 91,050 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 3,510 1,815 1,695 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 10,815 5,465 5,350 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 720 250 465 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,710 2,200 2,505 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 3,860 2,040 1,820 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 55,225 28,045 27,180 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 43,165 18,765 24,395 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 21,315 10,590 10,725 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,730 1,880 1,850 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 2,130 950 1,175 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 15,470 7,245 8,225 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 29,480 14,905 14,580 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,705 755 945 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 94,105 45,510 48,590 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 10,245 4,995 5,250 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 210 85 125 960 445 520
Colombia 845 420 425 465 220 240
Cuba 290 105 180 70 35 30
Haiti 150 85 70 15 0 10
Jamaica 3,005 1,585 1,425 160 115 45
Mexico 460 205 255 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,885 935 955 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 410 200 210 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 2,980 1,380 1,600 1,855 875 975
Europe 4,600 2,135 2,465 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 100 45 55 790 415 370
Germany 125 65 60 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 110 60 55 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 20 10