Census Profile, 2016 Census
Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peel, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,381,739 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,296,809 r ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 443,918 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 430,180 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,108.1 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,246.95 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,381,740 678,700 703,040 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 253,525 130,595 122,930 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 76,315 39,040 37,275 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 87,260 44,865 42,400 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 89,945 46,690 43,260 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 951,395 466,930 484,470 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 97,155 50,810 46,340 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 100,655 52,375 48,280 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 90,540 45,250 45,295 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 91,240 43,370 47,870 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 93,395 43,135 50,260 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 96,990 45,595 51,395 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 103,465 49,675 53,790 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 108,240 53,440 54,795 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 94,150 46,560 47,595 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 75,560 36,720 38,845 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 176,820 81,175 95,640 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 62,410 29,810 32,600 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 43,800 20,835 22,965 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 31,105 14,480 16,625 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 20,830 9,205 11,625 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 18,665 6,845 11,825 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 12,110 4,885 7,225 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 5,145 1,620 3,530 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,215 295 920 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 200 45 150 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 19.2 17.5 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 68.9 68.8 68.9 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 12.8 12.0 13.6 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 38.3 37.5 39.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.1 37.0 39.1 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 430,180 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 196,060 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 80,780 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 152,970 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 51,040 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 56,145 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 19,695 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 25,965 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 115 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 370 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 430,180 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 68,345 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 104,345 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 81,820 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 94,060 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 81,615 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,372,645 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,128,210 548,105 580,110 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 661,470 330,300 331,170 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 613,325 306,245 307,075 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 48,145 24,050 24,095 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 466,745 217,805 248,940 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 335,565 178,520 157,045 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 28,025 10,895 17,130 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 51,760 18,650 33,110 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 51,395 9,740 41,655 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 386,185 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 141,600 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 95,025 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 104,930 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 44,630 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 386,185 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 320,520 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 296,475 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,045 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 65,660 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 53,940 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 11,725 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 320,520 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 104,775 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 215,750 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 75,015 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 98,465 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 42,270 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 65,665 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 36,825 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 20,005 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 8,830 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 148,295 67,280 81,015 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 430,180 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 316,910 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 78,440 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 238,470 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 32,910 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 80,360 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 68,345 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 12,015 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 1,233,210 618,475 614,730 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,155 490 660 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 86,395 37,055 49,345 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 55,040 20,500 34,535 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 1,295,375 644,520 650,855 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 13,760 6,225 7,535 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 12,440 5,670 6,770 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 54,225 20,100 34,120 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 19,980 9,060 10,915 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.3 1.6 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 1,305,305 641,785 663,520 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 674,495 335,195 339,305 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 662,455 329,710 332,745 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 12,040 5,480 6,560 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 630,810 306,595 324,215 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 70 35 35 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 5 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 5 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 5 5 5 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 5 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 5 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 10 15 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 15 10 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 5 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 630,745 306,560 324,180 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 42,455 21,365 21,085 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 55 30 25 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 35 20 20 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 1,500 645 855 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 5 805 455 350
Oromo 85 40 45 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,400 600 795 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 365 195 170
Semitic languages 40,765 20,625 20,140 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 625 300 325 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 34,310 17,435 16,875 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,115 1,545 1,570 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 505 245 260 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 65 30 35 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 105 70 35 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 1,390 680 710 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 345 165 175 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 315 165 150 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 55 75 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 15,015 7,015 8,000 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 320 140 180 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 14,655 6,860 7,800 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 15 25 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 35,515 14,970 20,540 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 95 45 50 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 1,000 430 565 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 20 10 10 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 365 135 225 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 1,165 480 680 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 10 5 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 1,305 585 715 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 380 180 195 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 80 40 40 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,895 12,960 17,935 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 65 30 35 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 70 80 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 1,640 815 825 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 1,000 510 490 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 615 290 325 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 33,080 16,325 16,755 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 955 455 500 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 5,595 2,800 2,795 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 22,780 11,115 11,665 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 3,615 1,885 1,730 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 432,875 213,370 219,500 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 2,670 1,360 1,310 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 750 380 370 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 64,830 30,625 34,205 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 830 355 480 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 190 85 105 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 640 270 370 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 64,000 30,265 33,730 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 35 15 20 810 385 430
Bosnian 1,295 645 655 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 1,330 665 665 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 6,340 3,140 3,205 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 950 445 500 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 1,630 785 845 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 32,095 14,975 17,120 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 5,820 2,625 3,205 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 4,485 2,215 2,265 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 580 285 300 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 1,050 490 560 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,120 525 590 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 7,150 3,395 3,755 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 55 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 65 20 40 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 35 10 20 1,090 540 550
Welsh 15 5 10 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 530 295 235
Germanic languages 7,660 3,370 4,285 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 115 50 65 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 290 130 160 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 1,810 785 1,025 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 45 10 30 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 5,130 2,285 2,845 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 5 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 45 20 25 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 150 60 90 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 20 35 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 15 10 5 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 525 280 240
Greek 3,420 1,705 1,715 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 269,670 135,850 133,825 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 258,345 130,115 128,230 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 6,455 3,205 3,250 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 24,705 12,275 12,425 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 24,185 11,975 12,210 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 110 60 55 565 300 265
Konkani 1,055 500 555 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 2,015 1,010 1,005 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 1,895 945 945 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 210 110 100 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 134,460 68,250 66,215 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 1,535 755 785 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,770 1,350 1,420 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 58,955 29,695 29,265 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 10,705 5,420 5,285 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 305 185 120 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 1,835 940 900 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 8,565 4,300 4,265 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 620 310 305 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 83,815 40,065 43,750 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 10 5 5 865 440 425
Italian 24,420 12,155 12,265 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 27,685 13,215 14,465 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 3,600 1,705 1,900 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 28,075 12,970 15,110 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 720 380 340
Japanese 1,050 395 650 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 40 25 20 1,715 910 805
Georgian 40 25 20 1,715 910 805
Korean 5,210 2,455 2,760 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 30 15 15 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 7,645 3,565 4,080 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 3,425 1,595 1,835 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 5 0 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 260 110 155 1,670 770 900
Ewe 130 55 70 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 15 15 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 185 85 100 920 445 470
Ganda 95 40 50 1,295 625 665
Igbo 550 280 270 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 55 25 30 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 30 45 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 25 40 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 170 85 90 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 560 250 310 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 30 15 20 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 1,295 640 655 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 705 315 390 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 40 25 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 5 5 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 285 145 135 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 90 50 40 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 100 95 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 49,980 23,310 26,670 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 49,500 23,075 26,420 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 19,885 9,240 10,650 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 470 220 255 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 25,860 12,120 13,735 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 35 20 20 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,460 655 800 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 625 280 350 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,140 535 605 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 485 240 245 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 200 90 105 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 10 5 5 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 190 95 95 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 50 40 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 880 360 515 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 640 300 345 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 235 60 170 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 1,850 935 915 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 75 35 40 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 1,610 820 790 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 85 40 40 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 45 25 25 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 2,890 1,330 1,560 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 215 100 115 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 225 90 135 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 2,450 1,135 1,310 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 70,495 34,735 35,765 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 3,220 1,455 1,765 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 64,105 31,895 32,210 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 1,315 565 750 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 1,855 820 1,040 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 1,202,795 591,040 611,760 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 843,850 416,880 426,970 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 838,125 414,210 423,915 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 5,725 2,670 3,055 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 358,950 174,155 184,790 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 30 15 15 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 5 5 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 10 10 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 10 5 5 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 358,920 174,140 184,775 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 22,740 11,135 11,605 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 10 5 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 5 5 5 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 665 295 370 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 30 15 15 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 630 280 350 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 22,000 10,800 11,200 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 250 115 130 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 18,915 9,320 9,600 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,870 915 955 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 270 130 140 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 25 15 15 735 335 400
Hebrew 30 15 15 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 330 150 180 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 140 65 75 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,090 4,700 5,385 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 70 80 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 9,925 4,625 5,300 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 14,735 6,645 8,090 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 345 165 180 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 5 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 95 40 55 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 375 170 205 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 5 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 475 225 250 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 65 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 15 5 5 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,275 5,965 7,310 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 930 460 470 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 650 330 320 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 120 145 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 20,320 9,880 10,445 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 430 215 215 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 2,905 1,440 1,460 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 14,935 7,155 7,775 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 2,005 1,045 955 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 244,765 119,955 124,810 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 1,340 670 670 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 315 145 170 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 33,810 16,145 17,670 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 265 115 155 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 45 20 20 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 220 90 130 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 33,550 16,035 17,515 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 10 5 10 230 105 120
Bosnian 705 345 365 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 785 390 395 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 2,495 1,230 1,270 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 340 170 170 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 760 385 375 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 17,660 8,375 9,285 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 3,610 1,695 1,915 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 2,545 1,240 1,305 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 250 120 130 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 330 155 180 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 120 135 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 3,760 1,800 1,960 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 0 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 710 310 395 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 25 15 15 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 20 10 10 855 410 445
Dutch 105 40 65 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 0 5 185 95 90
German 515 225 285 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 30 15 10 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 1,070 490 580 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 172,780 86,020 86,760 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 166,310 82,880 83,435 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 3,825 1,855 1,965 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 14,890 7,255 7,630 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 12,250 6,005 6,250 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 20 10 15 135 70 70
Konkani 215 100 115 720 355 370
Marathi 960 490 460 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 1,250 625 625 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 100 50 50 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 94,880 47,725 47,155 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 720 355 370 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,260 625 635 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 35,935 17,780 18,155 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 6,225 3,030 3,195 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 155 90 65 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 1,015 505 510 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 5,055 2,435 2,625 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 240 110 130 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 34,730 16,180 18,555 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 5 5 0 355 165 190
Italian 6,370 2,815 3,555 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 11,045 5,235 5,810 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 1,685 800 885 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 15,615 7,320 8,300 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 180 85 95
Japanese 570 265 305 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 1,040 565 475
Georgian 15 10 10 1,035 565 475
Korean 3,545 1,705 1,840 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 910 440 470
Mongolian 10 10 10 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 2,615 1,170 1,440 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 1,480 650 830 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 65 25 45 415 175 240
Ewe 40 20 20 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 60 30 25 250 105 140
Ganda 35 20 15 345 160 185
Igbo 120 60 60 1,000 485 510
Lingala 10 5 5 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 1,530 670 865
Shona 75 40 35 1,035 475 560
Swahili 145 60 80 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 15 10 10 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 425 190 240 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 460 270 190 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 165 90 80 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 290 175 115 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 35,715 16,800 18,920 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 35,440 16,655 18,780 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 13,605 6,215 7,390 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 145 70 75 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 19,955 9,590 10,370 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 5 0 5 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 625 275 350 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 395 180 215 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 685 325 365 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 280 140 140 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 125 60 60 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 140 70 70 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 375 175 200 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 305 140 160 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 70 30 40 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 990 480 510 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 1,245 640 610
Turkish 875 425 450 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 60 30 25 610 315 290
Uzbek 25 15 10 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 455 230 225
Uralic languages 940 455 485 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 25 10 10 975 365 610
Finnish 30 10 15 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 890 430 455 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 173,000 85,480 87,520 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 3,010 1,340 1,670 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 166,330 82,540 83,785 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 555 255 305 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 3,105 1,350 1,755 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 1,023,775 503,270 520,510 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 156,995 79,355 77,635 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 9,505 3,945 5,550 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 179,135 86,855 92,280 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 30 15 15 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 179,105 86,845 92,260 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 985 450 535 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 3,705 1,895 1,810 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 1,655 720 935 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,119,400 544,795 574,605 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,053,150 513,510 539,635 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,715 35,812 26,687 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,053,315 513,545 539,775 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,405 32,554 25,077 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 927,385 467,335 460,050 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,381 36,866 26,509 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 757,275 333,870 423,410 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,169 917 3,855 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 805,200 415,990 389,210 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,467 38,017 29,520 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,119,400 544,800 574,605 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,053,655 513,720 539,935 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,651 49,339 36,287 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,053,850 513,760 540,085 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,665 40,372 31,187 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 927,480 467,585 459,890 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,405 50,495 36,196 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 756,500 333,300 423,195 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,189 5,207 6,962 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 805,200 416,420 388,785 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,132 50,326 37,498 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,119,400 544,795 574,605 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 384,710 216,620 168,090 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,426 56,821 47,980 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,269 68,999 55,885 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 93.1 85.0 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.9 82.4 74.4 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 6.9 15.0 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,119,405 544,795 574,605 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 66,255 31,285 34,970 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 1,053,145 513,515 539,635 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 94.1 94.3 93.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 191,530 84,220 107,310 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 188,635 79,650 108,985 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 137,135 61,305 75,830 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 114,215 53,100 61,115 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 100,860 47,700 53,155 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 79,600 40,600 38,995 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 60,400 33,500 26,905 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 45,660 27,005 18,660 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 34,805 20,950 13,855 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 28,145 16,175 11,965 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 72,155 49,295 22,865 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 49,845 33,120 16,725 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 22,320 16,175 6,140 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,119,405 544,795 574,605 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 66,085 31,250 34,830 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 1,053,315 513,545 539,775 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 94.1 94.3 93.9 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 194,025 85,005 109,020 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 196,450 83,480 112,965 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 158,705 71,470 87,235 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 136,280 64,335 71,950 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 116,675 57,980 58,695 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 81,700 45,025 36,675 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 56,405 33,620 22,785 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 40,930 24,045 16,885 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 72,150 48,595 23,560 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 25,200 15,585 9,610 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 14,375 9,730 4,645 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 32,580 23,275 9,300 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,119,400 544,795 574,605 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 314,200 128,805 185,395 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 805,200 415,990 389,210 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 71.9 76.4 67.7 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 98,205 46,060 52,145 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 67,295 29,650 37,640 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 113,910 54,995 58,915 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 91,845 43,775 48,070 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 86,550 41,105 45,445 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 79,515 38,590 40,925 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 64,615 34,270 30,350 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 49,530 28,435 21,100 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 38,530 23,475 15,050 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 115,205 75,635 39,570 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 30,230 18,585 11,645 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 25,115 14,535 10,580 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 59,860 42,515 17,345 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 430,180 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,233 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,667 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 68,345 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,872 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,934 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 361,835 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,263 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,394 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 430,180 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 104,466 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,371 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 68,315 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,872 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,786 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 361,870 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,394 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,788 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 430,180 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,140 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,850 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,350 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,770 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,210 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,850 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,180 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,250 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,885 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,340 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,075 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,355 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,245 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,190 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 26,490 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 178,000 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,095 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,635 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 46,050 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 36,215 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 430,180 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,470 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,925 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,480 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,150 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,270 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,145 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,935 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,795 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,360 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,795 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,755 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 36,015 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 35,075 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 32,115 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,845 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 139,040 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,425 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 35,210 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 48,410 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 356,435 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,869 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,175 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.6 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 75,975 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,464 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,996 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 214,125 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,391 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,547 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.3 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 54,710 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,604 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,949 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 356,135 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,319 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,798 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 75,955 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,227 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,650 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 214,065 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,895 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,923 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 54,350 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,017 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,851 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 102,755 51,105 51,650 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,735 36,964 32,735 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,494 33,087 30,000 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 102,550 51,120 51,425 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,684 46,348 43,031 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,293 38,195 36,397 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,372,645 675,245 697,395 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 665,170 322,535 342,640 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 116,645 57,145 59,500 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 130,265 61,780 68,485 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 135,530 65,180 70,350 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 139,815 68,270 71,540 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 142,910 70,150 72,755 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 707,470 352,715 354,760 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 143,925 70,860 73,065 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 145,155 71,660 73,495 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 145,660 72,545 73,115 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 147,830 74,125 73,705 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 124,905 63,515 61,390 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 309,765 159,880 149,885 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 92,550 47,395 45,155 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 892,655 436,170 456,485 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 170,220 79,190 91,025 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 175,980 84,210 91,770 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 56,075 29,150 26,925 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 17,870 9,235 8,630 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 102,300 48,005 54,295 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 17,605 7,055 10,555 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.5 13.2 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 18.2 18.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.3 19.5 19.1 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 11.0 11.9 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 10.3 8.9 11.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 138,555 67,480 71,075 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 41,810 21,750 20,060 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 13,450 6,955 6,490 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 85,760 41,545 44,210 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 10,990 4,185 6,805 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.1 10.0 10.2 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.5 13.6 13.4 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 14.5 14.7 14.4 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.6 9.5 9.7 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 6.5 5.3 7.5 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 1,317,715 654,715 663,005 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 1,316,720 654,335 662,390 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 87,025 37,420 49,610 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 788,825 384,845 403,975 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 115 50 65 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 85 30 60 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 20 25 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 25 10 10 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 15 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 15 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 0 25 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 20 0 20 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 10 10 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 10 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 10 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 10 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 788,710 384,800 403,910 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 56,265 28,545 27,715 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 55 35 20 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 35 25 15 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 2,395 1,050 1,350 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 10 0 10 1,085 625 470
Oromo 120 50 75 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 2,255 990 1,260 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 480 220 265
Semitic languages 53,875 27,485 26,385 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 1,120 510 615 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 47,510 24,415 23,095 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,865 1,965 1,905 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 705 320 385 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 145 75 75 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 595 355 240 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 1,760 830 930 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 535 245 295 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 390 180 215 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 260 110 150 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 19,070 8,995 10,075 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 350 135 225 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 18,715 8,870 9,845 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 44,845 18,965 25,880 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 100 40 60 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 1,650 700 950 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 20 0 10 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 485 170 310 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 1,605 610 990 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 10 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 2,120 995 1,130 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 455 195 255 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 85 45 45 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 41,965 17,665 24,295 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 55 25 30 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 170 90 80 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 5,265 2,495 2,765 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 110 65 50 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 2,850 1,400 1,450 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,310 1,045 1,270 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 45,185 22,675 22,505 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 2,185 1,070 1,110 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 7,315 3,670 3,650 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 32,560 16,260 16,295 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 5,400 2,855 2,540 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 240 135 105 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 549,440 271,910 277,530 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 3,060 1,575 1,485 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 950 470 480 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 74,415 35,620 38,795 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 1,015 445 565 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 240 95 145 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 770 355 420 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 73,610 35,255 38,350 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 120 65 55 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 1,885 945 945 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 1,580 815 760 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 8,820 4,285 4,535 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 1,210 590 615 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 2,270 1,125 1,150 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 37,890 18,035 19,855 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 10,245 4,965 5,275 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 5,750 2,905 2,845 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 600 285 315 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 1,395 670 725 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,385 605 780 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 9,770 4,540 5,235 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 140 70 65 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 175 70 110 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 80 30 55 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 15 0 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 12,260 5,845 6,415 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 530 255 275 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 335 175 160 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 2,210 1,000 1,205 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 50 10 40 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 8,915 4,290 4,620 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 10 10 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 165 75 90 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 310 150 160 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 10 10 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 5,060 2,620 2,440 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 345,715 174,545 171,170 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 334,485 168,990 165,495 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 8,085 4,005 4,085 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 33,105 16,380 16,725 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 108,315 54,525 53,790 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 250 120 135 905 490 420
Konkani 2,625 1,160 1,470 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 4,110 2,120 1,990 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 2,175 1,085 1,090 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 325 155 165 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 180,750 92,565 88,185 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 2,410 1,150 1,255 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,630 2,345 2,280 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 88,130 44,680 43,450 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 12,930 6,365 6,560 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 375 210 165 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,240 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 10,575 5,170 5,405 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,325 695 630 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 113,440 53,990 59,445 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 35 15 20 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 35,875 17,640 18,235 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 35,860 17,140 18,720 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 4,280 2,065 2,215 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 41,335 19,005 22,335 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 1,860 855 1,005 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 70 40 30 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 5,790 2,670 3,120 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 45 20 30 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 45 15 30 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 14,965 7,120 7,850 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 5,425 2,515 2,910 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 55 15 40 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 570 275 295 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 150 60 90 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 120 70 55 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 430 235 195 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 160 70 85 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 1,050 505 545 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 480 205 275 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 35 65 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 175 60 115 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 235 95 145 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 2,240 1,120 1,120 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 95 40 55 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 3,185 1,555 1,630 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,495 740 755 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 50 20 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 10 10 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 45 20 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 1,085 485 600 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 520 190 335 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 575 300 280 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 57,520 27,000 30,520 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 56,900 26,675 30,230 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 25,455 11,825 13,630 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 510 235 275 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 34,605 16,080 18,525 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 60 25 40 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,925 905 1,010 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 865 405 460 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,195 530 665 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 640 340 300 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 185 90 95 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 295 160 135 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 165 90 70 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,225 580 645 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 900 445 455 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 435 185 250 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 2,525 1,290 1,235 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 80 35 45 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 2,265 1,185 1,080 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 130 45 80 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 45 25 20 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 3,245 1,480 1,770 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 260 110 150 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 280 140 140 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 2,705 1,230 1,475 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 665 355 310 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,192,495 587,865 604,625 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 283,905 146,305 137,600 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 908,590 441,560 467,025 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 180,145 87,375 92,770 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 642,835 323,765 319,070 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 706,835 339,410 367,430 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 134,265 63,400 70,865 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 94,105 45,615 48,490 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 171,230 82,550 88,680 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 213,135 102,330 110,805 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 113,910 54,840 59,070 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 99,225 47,485 51,740 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 94,105 45,515 48,595 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 22,970 12,070 10,895 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 706,840 339,405 367,430 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 60,825 30,760 30,065 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 116,450 59,505 56,945 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 159,265 70,515 88,750 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 291,160 142,250 148,910 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 79,140 36,375 42,765 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 706,835 339,405 367,430 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 112,715 50,455 62,260 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 1,505 630 875 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 4,745 2,170 2,570 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 2,425 1,195 1,230 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 20,875 9,665 11,215 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 440 255 185 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 35,320 15,095 20,225 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 1,890 740 1,145 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 2,005 870 1,130 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 14,255 6,385 7,870 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,860 4,225 4,640 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 20,405 9,225 11,180 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 132,035 63,140 68,895 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,075 1,585 1,495 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 4,425 2,125 2,305 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 1,000 445 555 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 4,425 2,090 2,335 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 2,405 1,225 1,185 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 1,360 620 745 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,515 650 860 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 16,575 8,505 8,070 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 1,640 755 885 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 26,005 12,115 13,885 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 21,195 10,285 10,910 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 3,685 1,745 1,940 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 2,660 1,180 1,475 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,520 1,275 1,250 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 4,985 2,275 2,715 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 21,405 9,910 11,495 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 13,155 6,375 6,780 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 40,840 19,970 20,865 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 300 155 145 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 10,065 5,135 4,925 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 1,020 470 550 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 3,380 1,545 1,835 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 445 215 225 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 6,280 3,150 3,135 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 1,260 505 755 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 1,690 775 910 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 16,400 8,020 8,380 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 419,545 205,090 214,460 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 5,160 2,520 2,635 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 4,380 2,140 2,240 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 26,270 12,085 14,185 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 8,225 3,835 4,390 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 181,395 90,345 91,050 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 3,510 1,815 1,695 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 10,815 5,465 5,350 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 720 250 465 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,710 2,200 2,505 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 3,860 2,040 1,820 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 55,225 28,045 27,180 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 43,165 18,765 24,395 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 21,315 10,590 10,725 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,730 1,880 1,850 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 2,130 950 1,175 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 15,470 7,245 8,225 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 29,480 14,905 14,580 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,705 755 945 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 94,105 45,510 48,590 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 10,245 4,995 5,250 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 210 85 125 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 845 420 425 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 290 105 180 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 150 85 70 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 3,005 1,585 1,425 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 460 205 255 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,885 935 955 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 410 200 210 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 2,980 1,380 1,600 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 4,600 2,135 2,465 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 100 45 55 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 125 65 60 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 110 60 55 5,660