Census Profile, 2016 Census
Dufferin, County [Census division], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Dufferin, CTY
Ontario
[Census division]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Dufferin, County [Census division], Ontario  Map : Dufferin, County [Census division], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 61,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 56,881  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 22,889  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 21,918  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 41.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,486.44  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 61,735 30,475 31,260 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 11,440 5,775 5,670 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 3,575 1,885 1,690 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 3,895 1,970 1,925 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 3,975 1,920 2,055 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 41,235 20,535 20,695 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 4,275 2,235 2,045 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 3,865 2,020 1,840 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 3,425 1,725 1,700 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 3,585 1,785 1,795 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 3,770 1,845 1,920 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 4,180 1,985 2,190 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 4,715 2,330 2,385 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 5,375 2,630 2,745 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 4,480 2,235 2,245 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 3,570 1,745 1,830 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 9,060 4,165 4,895 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 3,140 1,525 1,620 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 2,245 1,105 1,145 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 1,495 685 810 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,075 480 595 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,100 375 725 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 705 255 450 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 310 95 210 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 80 20 55 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 10 0 10 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.5 18.9 18.1 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.4 66.2 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.7 13.7 15.7 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.6 38.8 40.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.7 39.6 41.5 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 21,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 16,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 21,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 4,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 7,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 3,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 60,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 50,295 24,705 25,595 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 30,940 15,460 15,485 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 25,710 12,855 12,860 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 5,230 2,605 2,625 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 19,350 9,245 10,105 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 12,535 6,970 5,565 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 1,500 645 855 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 2,675 1,045 1,630 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 2,640 585 2,055 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 17,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 8,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 4,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 17,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 15,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 12,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 2,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 15,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 6,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 8,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 3,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,790 3,260 3,530 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 21,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 16,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 10,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 4,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 61,180 30,265 30,920 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 57,385 28,685 28,695 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 15 10 5 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 3,550 1,465 2,085 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 225 105 120 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 61,180 30,265 30,920 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 60,210 29,825 30,380 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 640 280 360 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 105 50 50 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 220 105 125 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 695 305 385 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.0 1.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 61,180 30,265 30,915 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 60,525 29,925 30,595 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 55,115 27,320 27,800 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 54,430 27,020 27,405 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 690 300 395 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 5,400 2,605 2,795 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,400 2,605 2,795 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 180 105 70 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 0 0 5 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 0 0 0 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 175 105 70 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 0 0 0 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 105 60 45 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 5 5 0 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 45 30 15 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 0 0 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 10 25 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 35 15 25 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 250 80 165 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 10 0 10 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 10 5 0 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 20 10 15 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 5 5 0 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 190 55 135 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 10 5 10 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 45 25 15 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 0 0 0 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 5 5 0 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 30 20 15 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 5 0 5 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 4,415 2,180 2,235 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 20 15 10 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 5 0 5 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 825 385 445 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 25 10 15 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 15 10 5 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 5 5 5 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 800 365 435 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 0 0 0 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 5 5 5 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 110 55 55 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 40 15 20 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 15 10 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 435 205 230 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 55 25 35 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 20 10 10 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 25 10 10 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 70 25 45 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 0 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 5 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,240 580 660 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 15 5 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 35 15 20 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 410 195 215 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 10 5 5 1,240 630 620
German 750 350 400 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 15 0 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 170 80 85
Greek 80 35 40 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 670 325 340 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 630 310 310 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 15 10 5 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 40 20 20 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 60 35 30 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 5 0 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 0 0 0 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 5 0 0 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 420 205 220 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 0 0 0 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 65 30 35 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 40 20 25 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 0 0 0 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 0 0 0 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 40 15 25 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 1,575 835 735 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 525 315 210 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 610 310 300 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 85 40 45 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 350 165 180 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 25 5 15 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 60 30 35 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 65 25 35 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 25 5 15 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 0 0 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 0 0 0 1,455 660 790
Swahili 10 5 5 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 15 10 5 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 5 5 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 0 0 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 125 55 70 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 125 55 65 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 45 25 20 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 0 5 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 60 20 35 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 5 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 5 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 0 0 0 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 5 0 5 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 15 5 10 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 15 5 10 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 175 70 100 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 15 5 10 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 35 15 20 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 120 50 70 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 655 340 320 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 125 70 55 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 500 255 245 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 20 5 10 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 61,175 30,265 30,915 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 60,115 29,750 30,360 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 58,440 28,925 29,520 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 58,295 28,860 29,435 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 145 65 85 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 1,670 825 845 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,670 825 840 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 80 35 45 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 0 0 0 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 80 35 40 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 60 30 30 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 10 5 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 0 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 10 15 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 20 10 10 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 100 40 60 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 0 0 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 5 0 5 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 20 10 15 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 25 40 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 0 0 0 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 20 10 5 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 5 0 0 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 20 10 5 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 0 0 0 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 1,290 650 640 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 5 5 0 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 0 0 0 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 235 115 115 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 5 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 230 115 115 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 0 0 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 0 0 0 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 15 5 10 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 0 0 0 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 5 0 5 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 145 85 70 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 30 10 15 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 10 0 5 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 10 0 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 10 5 10 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 270 135 135 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 5 0 5 280 135 150
Dutch 35 20 15 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 220 110 110 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 15 5 10 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 370 185 190 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 350 175 180 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 5 5 5 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 20 10 10 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 25 15 10 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 0 0 0 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 0 0 0 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 260 125 135 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 0 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 45 25 20 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 15 5 10 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 0 0 0 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 0 0 0 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 5 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 395 205 190 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 65 35 35 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 145 75 70 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 40 20 20 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 140 75 65 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 10 5 0 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 35 15 20 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 0 0 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 0 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 5 5 5 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 0 0 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 45 25 25 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 50 25 25 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 15 10 10 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 30 15 15 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 0 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 0 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 10 5 10 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 10 5 5 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 35 15 15 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 15 10 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 15 5 10 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 1,065 510 555 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 80 40 40 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 965 460 500 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 5 5 0 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 61,180 30,260 30,915 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 57,655 28,700 28,955 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 770 380 395 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 680 265 410 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 2,020 900 1,125 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 5 0 5 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 2,015 895 1,125 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 5 0 5 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 20 10 10 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 30 10 20 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 49,430 24,405 25,025 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 47,485 23,470 24,025 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,850 48,077 29,595 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 47,495 23,465 24,025 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,928 41,845 27,248 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,140 22,275 21,865 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,864 46,851 26,470 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 32,050 13,950 18,100 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,165 1,922 5,166 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 38,215 19,895 18,320 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,930 47,505 28,354 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 49,430 24,405 25,030 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 47,480 23,435 24,040 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,074 58,085 38,316 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 47,480 23,435 24,040 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,813 47,067 32,742 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 44,120 22,240 21,880 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,518 57,071 35,794 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 31,820 13,705 18,120 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,232 6,724 7,617 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 38,215 19,865 18,355 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,844 54,944 35,995 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 49,435 24,405 25,025 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 20,030 11,705 8,325 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,654 63,201 47,579 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,151 70,641 52,614 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.1 93.3 85.4 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.9 79.8 72.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.9 6.7 14.6 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 49,435 24,405 25,030 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 1,940 940 1,005 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 47,485 23,465 24,025 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.0 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,410 2,590 3,820 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 7,360 2,750 4,605 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 6,080 2,395 3,685 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 4,960 2,165 2,790 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 4,805 2,260 2,545 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 3,965 2,105 1,865 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 3,355 2,005 1,350 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 2,580 1,660 920 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 2,010 1,280 735 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 1,685 1,065 625 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 4,270 3,175 1,090 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 3,070 2,245 830 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 1,195 935 260 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 49,430 24,405 25,030 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 1,935 940 1,000 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 47,495 23,465 24,025 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.0 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,625 2,640 3,975 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 7,740 2,900 4,840 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 7,050 2,870 4,175 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 6,100 2,770 3,325 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 5,700 2,940 2,760 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 4,495 2,695 1,805 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 3,240 2,065 1,170 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 2,390 1,540 850 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 4,170 3,045 1,120 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 1,465 985 480 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 915 665 255 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 1,790 1,400 390 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 49,435 24,405 25,025 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 11,215 4,510 6,705 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 38,215 19,895 18,325 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 77.3 81.5 73.2 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,065 2,370 2,695 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 3,010 1,215 1,795 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 4,825 2,010 2,820 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 3,725 1,575 2,150 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 3,515 1,545 1,970 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 3,500 1,635 1,860 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 3,090 1,700 1,385 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 2,680 1,670 1,015 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,125 1,395 725 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 6,680 4,775 1,905 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 1,655 1,115 545 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 1,535 945 590 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 3,485 2,715 770 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 21,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,256  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 4,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,592  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,548  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 17,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,109  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 21,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 104,141  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,938  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 17,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 21,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 9,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 21,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 7,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 2,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 17,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 5,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,566  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,206  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,802  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,476  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 17,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 5,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 103,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,338  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,448  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,565 2,785 2,780 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,945 42,082 31,388 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,064 36,768 28,838 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,560 2,730 2,830 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,327 49,712 41,096 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,749 40,673 34,927 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 60,845 30,155 30,690 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 24,375 11,575 12,800 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 3,520 1,690 1,830 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 4,250 1,900 2,360 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 4,880 2,295 2,580 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 5,585 2,710 2,880 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 6,135 2,985 3,150 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 36,470 18,580 17,885 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 6,695 3,320 3,380 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 7,425 3,820 3,610 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 7,715 3,925 3,790 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 8,155 4,175 3,980 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 6,475 3,345 3,135 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 60,845 30,155 30,690 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 13,960 7,095 6,865 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 4,315 2,235 2,080 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 38,505 19,090 19,415 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 8,385 3,975 4,410 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 5,295 2,425 2,870 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 1,490 760 730 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 470 260 205 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 3,010 1,395 1,615 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 790 270 520 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.7 8.0 9.4 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.6 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.9 11.6 9.9 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 7.8 7.3 8.3 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.4 6.8 11.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,390 1,175 1,215 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 585 310 275 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 170 100 70 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 1,665 810 850 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 145 55 90 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.9 3.9 4.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 4.2 4.4 4.0 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 3.9 4.5 3.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 4.3 4.2 4.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.4 2.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 60,845 30,160 30,690 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 60,635 30,055 30,570 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 60,605 30,050 30,560 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 3,560 1,425 2,130 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 6,995 3,400 3,595 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 20 10 15 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 20 10 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,975 3,385 3,585 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 160 90 70 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 0 0 0 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 155 95 60 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 0 0 0 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 65 40 30 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 25 20 10 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 55 35 20 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 10 35 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 45 15 35 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 310 100 210 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 25 0 20 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 50 25 20 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 25 10 20 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 10 0 0 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 255 85 175 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 45 20 25 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 85 55 30 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 0 0 0 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 15 15 0 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 65 45 25 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 0 0 0 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 5,805 2,890 2,910 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 35 20 15 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 0 10 0 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 940 430 515 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 20 15 10 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 20 15 10 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 0 0 0 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 925 415 510 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 0 0 0 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 35 25 10 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 95 45 50 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 45 25 25 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 30 15 15 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 515 240 270 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 95 40 60 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 30 10 15 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 25 0 15 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 0 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 85 30 60 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 10 0 0 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,480 700 780 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 25 10 15 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 25 15 10 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 515 240 280 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 940 455 485 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 0 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 35 10 25 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 140 50 90 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 805 395 405 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 730 365 365 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 30 20 10 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 55 25 30 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 230 105 125 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 0 0 0 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 0 0 0 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 20 0 15 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 440 220 225 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 0 0 0 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 30 20 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 110 65 45 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 70 30 40 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 0 0 0 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 0 0 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 75 25 45 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 2,510 1,350 1,160 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 765 470 300 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 950 515 440 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 150 75 75 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 770 350 425 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 55 20 35 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 85 45 40 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 155 75 80 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 30 20 10 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 10 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 10 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 10 10 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 0 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 35 10 30 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 40 20 20 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 70 25 45 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 25 10 15 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 95 40 55 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 90 35 50 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 45 15 25 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 10 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 45 15 30 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 0 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 10 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 10 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 0 0 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 10 10 0 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 15 0 10 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 15 10 10 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 120 40 80 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 30 0 30 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 25 10 25 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 70 40 30 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 60,845 30,155 30,690 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 59,075 29,365 29,710 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,855 7,100 6,755 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 45,220 22,260 22,955 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,770 790 980 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 60,845 30,155 30,685 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 52,325 26,110 26,215 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,360 3,970 4,390 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 4,445 2,170 2,270 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 1,165 555 605 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 1,130 515 620 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 1,155 540 615 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 640 300 340 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 515 235 280 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 465 190 275 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 155 70 85 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,360 3,975 4,390 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 1,335 680 660 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 1,990 985 1,005 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 2,065 915 1,150 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 2,600 1,245 1,355 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 380 160 220 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,365 3,975 4,390 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 1,555 680 875 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 35 15 25 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 35 15 15 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 15 10 15 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 185 55 120 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 0 0 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 410 175 235 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 50 30 25 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 20 10 10 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 185 90 95 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 380 170 215 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 240 110 130 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 5,150 2,535 2,615 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 10 10 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 45 25 15 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 25 10 10 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 440 210 230 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 55 25 30 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 35 25 10 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 30 40 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 320 205 115 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 415 205 210 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 310 145 160 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 455 245 210 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 115 50 60 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 45 15 30 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 0 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 30 10 20 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,360 1,130 1,225 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 420 180 240 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 300 135 165 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 0 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 20 10 15 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 0 0 0 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 45 10 40 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 10 0 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 90 50 40 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 0 0 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 55 25 30 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 80 45 35 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 1,300 590 710 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 30 15 10 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 15 10 10 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 30 10 25 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 15 0 10 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 380 190 190