Census Profile, 2016 Census
Wellington, County [Census division], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Wellington, CTY
Ontario
[Census division]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Wellington, County [Census division], Ontario  Map : Wellington, County [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 222,726 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 208,360 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.9 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 90,846 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 85,281 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 83.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,660.57 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 222,725 109,540 113,185 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 39,125 20,180 18,945 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 12,635 6,545 6,095 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 13,235 6,775 6,465 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 13,255 6,865 6,395 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 147,815 73,280 74,540 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 14,200 7,225 6,965 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 15,445 7,820 7,630 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 14,235 7,155 7,085 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 14,010 6,870 7,145 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 13,460 6,635 6,825 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 14,250 6,935 7,315 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 15,180 7,495 7,685 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 17,405 8,715 8,695 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 16,135 7,885 8,250 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 13,485 6,540 6,940 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 35,785 16,080 19,705 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 11,655 5,525 6,130 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 8,305 3,905 4,400 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 6,090 2,730 3,360 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 4,585 2,090 2,490 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 5,145 1,820 3,325 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 3,310 1,335 1,975 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,475 410 1,065 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 330 75 260 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 35 5 30 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.4 16.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.4 66.9 65.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 16.1 14.7 17.4 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.9 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.2 39.2 41.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.3 39.2 41.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 85,280 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 53,685 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,655 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 25,540 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,455 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 8,300 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,750 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,815 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 220 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 400 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 85,280 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 20,745 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 29,525 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 13,405 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 13,525 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,085 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 219,420 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 183,600 89,360 94,245 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 110,160 55,045 55,120 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 92,910 46,435 46,475 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 17,250 8,610 8,645 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 73,440 34,315 39,125 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 48,670 26,115 22,555 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 5,015 2,195 2,820 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 9,715 3,875 5,835 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 10,040 2,130 7,915 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 62,840 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 30,705 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 13,035 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 13,055 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,050 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 62,840 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 54,145 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 45,520 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,625 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 8,690 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 6,775 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,920 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 54,145 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 25,540 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 28,605 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 10,415 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 12,350 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 5,840 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 8,695 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 5,165 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 2,620 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 910 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 33,450 15,705 17,740 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 85,280 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 59,410 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 24,060 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 35,350 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,685 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 24,185 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 20,745 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,440 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 220,565 108,725 111,840 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 201,035 100,600 100,440 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 90 40 50 1,110 530 580
English and French 17,060 7,110 9,950 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,375 970 1,405 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 220,565 108,725 111,840 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 215,160 106,370 108,800 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 2,435 1,120 1,315 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 640 290 350 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,325 945 1,380 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,755 1,265 1,490 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 220,565 108,725 111,840 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 217,555 107,310 110,245 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 181,200 89,625 91,580 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 178,730 88,485 90,245 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 2,470 1,135 1,335 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 36,355 17,685 18,665 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 15 0 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,340 17,680 18,655 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,505 840 670 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 80 45 35 1,355 675 680
Bilen 15 15 5 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 165 95 75
Somali 60 35 25 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,420 790 630 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 200 110 85 1,140 560 585
Arabic 830 445 390 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 30 15 15 1,770 960 805
Maltese 75 35 35 80 40 40
Tigrigna 275 175 100 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,860 875 985 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 65 75 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,720 810 905 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,995 835 1,155 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 90 40 55 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 35 10 25 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 65 25 45 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 70 30 40 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,695 720 975 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 25 10 15 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 600 305 300 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 35 20 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 180 90 85 1,750 905 845
Tamil 355 175 180 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 30 10 15 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 24,105 11,830 12,275 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 60 30 25 1,090 560 530
Armenian 85 40 45 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 3,860 1,785 2,075 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 95 50 50 645 280 370
Latvian 40 20 20 320 145 175
Lithuanian 60 30 30 325 130 200
Slavic languages 3,760 1,735 2,025 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 80 40 40 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 25 10 15 1,725 805 915
Croatian 315 160 155 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 175 80 100 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 50 20 30 250 120 135
Polish 1,685 770 915 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 345 145 200 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 540 270 270 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 65 35 30 1,145 545 600
Slovak 100 50 50 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 25 50 545 250 290
Ukrainian 290 130 160 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 25 10 15 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 15 5 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 8,685 4,340 4,345 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 45 25 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 140 70 75 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,245 1,155 1,090 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 70 35 40 80 30 50
German 6,080 3,015 3,070 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 10 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 10 835 410 430
Swedish 40 15 20 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 25 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 280 150 140 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 5,545 2,800 2,745 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 4,270 2,175 2,100 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 295 160 135 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 675 340 335 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 390 200 190 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 45 20 20 535 280 255
Nepali 285 135 145 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 15 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,770 885 885 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 35 20 20 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 65 75 1,455 730 725
Urdu 600 325 280 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,250 615 640 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 80 40 45 1,650 875 780
Pashto 155 80 75 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,020 490 520 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,565 2,685 2,875 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 2,740 1,350 1,390 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 785 375 405 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 400 195 200 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,635 765 875 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Japanese 150 65 90 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 65 40 25
Georgian 10 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 320 155 170 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 5 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 180 95 85 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 5 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 5 5 0 65 35 30
Igbo 10 10 0 160 90 65
Lingala 5 5 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 10 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 40 15 20 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 35 15 15 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 25 15 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 190 85 100
Sign languages 55 25 30 620 330 295
American Sign Language 25 15 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,690 1,745 1,945 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 3,685 1,740 1,945 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,225 575 650 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 25 15 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,125 1,005 1,125 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 65 70 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 135 65 70 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 240 110 125 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 155 70 85 800 405 400
Thai 80 40 40 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 430 205 225 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 495 275 225
Turkish 70 30 35 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 335 160 175 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,115 545 570 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 40 15 25 455 195 260
Finnish 75 40 40 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,000 495 505 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,010 1,415 1,600 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 500 220 280 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,385 1,135 1,250 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 50 25 30 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 70 35 35 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 220,560 108,725 111,840 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 214,310 105,690 108,615 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 196,335 96,955 99,380 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 195,660 96,665 98,995 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 680 290 390 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 17,975 8,740 9,235 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,975 8,740 9,235 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 870 470 405 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 35 20 15 695 315 380
Bilen 10 5 5 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 20 10 10 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 840 450 395 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 130 75 55 535 250 290
Arabic 460 225 230 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 20 10 10 785 400 385
Maltese 10 5 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 225 135 90 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,335 635 705 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 35 50 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,250 595 655 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 835 385 450 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 30 15 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 5 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 5 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 745 345 400 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 5 5 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 365 180 185 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 30 10 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 95 50 45 885 450 435
Tamil 225 105 120 1,935 965 965
Telugu 15 10 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 10,720 5,195 5,530 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 45 20 20 530 255 270
Armenian 55 25 30 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,550 740 810 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 30 10 15 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 25 10 15 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,520 730 790 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 60 30 30 540 270 270
Bulgarian 10 0 5 925 425 495
Croatian 90 40 55 1,795 840 955
Czech 30 15 15 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 15 10 10 120 60 60
Polish 680 330 350 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 200 95 105 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 315 155 160 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 435 205 235
Slovak 15 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 65 30 35 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 3,515 1,765 1,755 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 350 180 170 685 325 365
Frisian 10 5 5 5 5 0
German 3,090 1,545 1,545 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 10 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 5 5 0
Greek 105 50 50 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 3,575 1,735 1,840 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 2,770 1,365 1,410 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 175 90 85 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 445 220 230 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 225 110 110 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 5 0 40 15 15
Marathi 15 5 10 245 125 120
Nepali 225 110 120 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,230 605 625 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 25 10 15 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30 595 290 305
Urdu 355 180 175 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 790 360 430 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 60 20 35 1,025 515 505
Pashto 65 30 35 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 665 305 365 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,880 865 1,020 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 695 300 395 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 205 90 115 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 190 95 95 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 785 370 410 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 80 40 40 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 200 95 105 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 50 30 20 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 20 10 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 65 40 25 830 460 370
American Sign Language 30 15 10 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 25 15 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,540 1,225 1,315 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 2,540 1,225 1,315 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 805 375 430 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 10 5 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,585 780 805 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 30 35 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 140 75 70 1,015 435 580
Lao 95 40 50 335 160 175
Thai 45 30 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 260 115 140 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 40 20 25 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 210 95 115 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 475 245 235 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 15 10 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 460 235 220 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 6,255 3,035 3,225 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 285 130 160 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 5,840 2,850 2,985 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 35 15 15 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 100 35 60 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 220,560 108,725 111,840 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 198,775 98,395 100,385 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 8,055 3,975 4,075 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,750 1,130 1,620 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 10,595 5,020 5,570 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 10 5 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 10,585 5,015 5,565 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 40 15 30 965 435 530
English and non-official language 180 100 75 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 165 85 80 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 180,355 88,100 92,255 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 174,015 85,095 88,915 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,891 45,685 31,358 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 174,050 85,100 88,950 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,023 40,087 28,700 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 161,955 80,565 81,390 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,042 44,626 28,251 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 118,975 52,180 66,795 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,891 1,583 5,070 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 136,135 70,105 66,030 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,954 44,970 29,778 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 180,355 88,100 92,260 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 174,035 85,095 88,940 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,724 57,454 40,371 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 174,080 85,100 88,980 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,314 46,581 34,321 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 162,140 80,740 81,400 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,101 56,331 37,946 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 118,570 52,060 66,505 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,106 6,547 7,544 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 136,135 70,160 65,975 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,499 54,446 38,046 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 180,360 88,095 92,260 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 71,325 41,040 30,285 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,633 60,073 48,393 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,616 71,726 57,338 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.1 93.1 85.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.6 78.2 69.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.9 6.9 14.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 180,355 88,095 92,260 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 6,345 3,005 3,345 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 174,010 85,095 88,920 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.6 96.4 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 22,315 9,180 13,130 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 26,735 10,295 16,435 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 22,530 9,100 13,430 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 19,460 8,610 10,850 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 19,140 9,245 9,890 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 15,960 8,420 7,535 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 11,885 6,860 5,025 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 8,540 5,190 3,350 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 6,760 4,200 2,555 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 5,765 3,360 2,410 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 14,920 10,625 4,295 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 10,010 6,940 3,065 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 4,910 3,690 1,220 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 180,355 88,100 92,260 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 6,310 2,995 3,305 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 174,050 85,100 88,950 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.6 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 23,015 9,365 13,650 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 28,050 10,865 17,185 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 26,205 10,815 15,385 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 24,675 11,405 13,275 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 22,355 11,510 10,845 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 15,730 8,965 6,760 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 10,805 6,660 4,145 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 8,265 4,995 3,275 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 14,955 10,520 4,430 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 4,920 3,255 1,660 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,920 2,025 900 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 7,110 5,240 1,875 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 180,355 88,100 92,255 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 44,220 17,995 26,230 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 136,135 70,105 66,030 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 75.5 79.6 71.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 17,690 8,035 9,655 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 11,070 4,695 6,375 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 16,735 7,155 9,580 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 13,220 5,620 7,595 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 13,530 6,060 7,475 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 14,095 7,055 7,040 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 11,985 6,650 5,335 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 8,980 5,450 3,530 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 6,730 4,230 2,495 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 22,105 15,155 6,945 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 5,450 3,440 2,010 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 4,875 2,925 1,945 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 11,780 8,785 2,995 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 85,280 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,347 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,728 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 20,745 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,240 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,879 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 64,535 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,015 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,627 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 85,280 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,430 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,292 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 20,725 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,378 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,863 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 64,555 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,142 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,915 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 85,285 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 905 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 910 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,855 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,310 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,875 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,590 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,960 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,020 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,140 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,320 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,280 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,205 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,530 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,475 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,090 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 32,815 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,440 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,485 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 8,330 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 6,560 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 85,280 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,000 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 925 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,900 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,405 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,240 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,940 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,455 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,785 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,935 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,955 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,540 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,060 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,770 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,270 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,430 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 24,670 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,225 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,215 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,230 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 61,930 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,349 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,789 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 23,575 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,213 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,925 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 28,785 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,329 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,629 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 8,010 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,944 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,566 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 62,000 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,753 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,173 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 23,540 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,894 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,294 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 28,895 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 142,527 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,989 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,965 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,456 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,964 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 29,365 14,010 15,360 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,454 37,981 31,883 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,306 33,778 29,501 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 29,175 13,850 15,325 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,533 45,371 39,970 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,173 37,916 34,599 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 219,420 108,240 111,180 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 93,710 44,830 48,875 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 16,450 7,815 8,640 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 16,315 7,295 9,015 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 18,845 8,995 9,850 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 19,855 9,690 10,165 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 22,235 11,035 11,205 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 125,710 63,405 62,300 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 23,585 11,680 11,905 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 24,580 12,295 12,285 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 26,605 13,440 13,160 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 27,350 13,870 13,480 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 23,590 12,120 11,465 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 219,415 108,240 111,175 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 47,265 24,320 22,940 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 15,155 7,840 7,310 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 138,785 68,620 70,170 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 33,365 15,300 18,065 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 22,430 10,205 12,225 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 5,900 3,035 2,860 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,160 1,080 1,080 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 13,415 6,030 7,385 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,115 1,145 1,975 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.2 9.4 11.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.5 12.5 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 13.8 14.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 8.8 10.5 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.3 7.5 10.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 12,555 6,015 6,540 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,755 1,435 1,325 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,015 530 480 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 9,210 4,335 4,880 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 590 245 345 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.6 5.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 5.8 5.9 5.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 6.7 6.8 6.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 6.3 7.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.6 1.9 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 219,415 108,235 111,180 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 217,060 107,310 109,750 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 216,960 107,265 109,695 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 17,095 6,955 10,135 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 44,550 21,590 22,955 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 35 15 15 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 25 15 15 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 15 0 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 10 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 44,515 21,575 22,940 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,050 1,065 980 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 20 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 95 45 50 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 15 15 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 70 30 45 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,950 1,020 925 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 310 175 135 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,095 565 535 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 165 75 85 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 130 65 60 165 90 80
Tigrigna 330 195 135 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,085 990 1,095 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 65 70 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,970 935 1,030 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,545 1,100 1,450 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 120 40 75 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 85 20 65 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 175 75 100 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,325 1,010 1,315 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 15 0 15 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 75 40 35 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 620 320 300 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 65 30 35 445 210 235
Malayalam 170 95 75 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 420 220 200 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 45 25 20 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 30,725 14,910 15,820 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 40 15 25 1,135 580 555
Armenian 90 40 55 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 4,755 2,265 2,485 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 95 40 55 635 310 325
Latvian 35 20 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 60 20 40 325 135 185
Slavic languages 4,675 2,235 2,440 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 100 45 55 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 55 25 30 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 530 275 255 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 255 135 120 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 65 40 25 345 180 160
Polish 1,995 935 1,055 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 640 310 335 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 870 440 430 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 95 50 40 1,240 595 645
Slovak 105 60 40 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 40 65 725 330 400
Ukrainian 260 110 145 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 80 30 50 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 350 225 120
Welsh 25 10 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 10,415 5,230 5,185 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 130 65 70 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 160 65 90 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 3,185 1,600 1,580 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 65 20 45 120 55 65
German 7,610 3,885 3,725 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 45 15 30 1,405 730 680
Swedish 50 20 30 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 20 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65 75 40 30
Greek 485 220 260 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 6,840 3,440 3,400 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 5,430 2,770 2,660 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 370 215 155 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 760 345 415 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,940 1,000 935 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 25 20 10 375 185 190
Marathi 70 30 40 1,275 650 625
Nepali 290 140 150 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,385 1,205 1,185 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 50 25 30 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185 95 85 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,045 590 460 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,500 705 790 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 60 25 35 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 265 140 125 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,235 575 655 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 8,680 4,000 4,680 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 3,710 1,765 1,945 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,125 560 565 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 455 205 250 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,590 1,535 2,055 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 220 130 85
Japanese 265 145 115 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 290 145 145 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 400 245 160 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 30 20 15 495 280 215
Bamanankan 10 0 10 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 25 15 10 240 140 95
Lingala 40 25 20 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 15 10 0 265 125 140
Swahili 160 95 60 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 85 45 40 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 25 15 300 150 150
Dinka 10 10 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 30 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 475 190 290 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 230 95 140 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 265 100 160 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,340 2,095 2,240 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 4,340 2,095 2,245 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,570 750 820 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 25 15 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,825 1,350 1,480 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 155 80 75 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 95 90 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 425 260 160 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 285 170 115 1,125 505 620
Thai 145 90 55 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 595 305 290 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 165 95 75 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 415 205 210 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,300 570 730 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 40 20 25 495 205 295
Finnish 70 35 35 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,190 515 675 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 219,415 108,240 111,180 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 209,730 103,580 106,155 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 46,295 23,870 22,420 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 163,435 79,710 83,730 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,685 4,660 5,025 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 219,415 108,240 111,175 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 179,825 88,950 90,875 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,710 18,360 19,350 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 14,380 6,985 7,395 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 4,810 2,425 2,380 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 6,500 3,120 3,380 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 7,995 3,890 4,100 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 4,280 2,170 2,105 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 3,715 1,720 1,990 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,020 1,925 2,100 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,885 935 950 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,710 18,360 19,350 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 4,565 2,340 2,225 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 7,435 3,885 3,550 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 8,520 4,005 4,520 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 14,800 7,120 7,675 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,395 1,010 1,385 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,710 18,360 19,350 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 4,660 2,125 2,540 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 145 60 90 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 175 70 100 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 170 85 90 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 205 100 100 920 415 500
Haiti 10 10 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 290 140 150 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 660 330 335 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 105 50 60 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 235 110 120 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,730 685 1,045 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 945 490 455 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 17,375 8,515 8,860 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 200 90 115 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 340 180 160 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 180 100 85 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,180 595 585 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 185 95 90 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 345 190 160 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 335 160 180 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,695 855 835 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,860 960 895 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,305 595 710 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 440 230 210 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 430 200 230 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 210 85 125 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 680 325 350 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 115 55 65 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 6,390 3,095 3,295 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,495 715 780 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,955 1,010 940 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 0 10 430 270 150
Egypt 205 80 125 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 255 155 105 1,665 835 825
Kenya 170 80 90 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 20 15 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 105 60 50 1,205 630 575
Somalia 45 20 30 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 345 165 185 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 795 440 350 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 13,550 6,625 6,925 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 710 365 345 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 265 140 120 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,765 790 975 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 180 85 90 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,630 1,320 1,310 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 430 230 200 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 110 65 45 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 40 20 25 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 185 100 85 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 85 40 45 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 870 470 405 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,290 1,045 1,250 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 335 175 160 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 180 85 90 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 145 55 90 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,755 785 975 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,570 845 720 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 165 80 85 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,025 1,930 2,100 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 400 175 220 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 25 15 15 960 445 520
Colombia 20 0 15 465 220 240
Cuba 30 15 20 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 160 115 45
Mexico 75 50 30 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 105 40 65 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 20 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 100 40 55 1,855 875 975
Europe 465 255 215 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 40 35 10 790 415 370
Germany 50 20 25 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 15 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 30 15