Census Profile, 2016 Census
Wellington, County [Census division], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Wellington, CTY
Ontario
[Census division]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Wellington, County [Census division], Ontario  Map : Wellington, County [Census division], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 222,726  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 208,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 90,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 85,281  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 83.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,660.57  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 222,725 109,540 113,185 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 39,125 20,180 18,945 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 12,635 6,545 6,095 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 13,235 6,775 6,465 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 13,255 6,865 6,395 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 147,815 73,280 74,540 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 14,200 7,225 6,965 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 15,445 7,820 7,630 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 14,235 7,155 7,085 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 14,010 6,870 7,145 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 13,460 6,635 6,825 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 14,250 6,935 7,315 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 15,180 7,495 7,685 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 17,405 8,715 8,695 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 16,135 7,885 8,250 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 13,485 6,540 6,940 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 35,785 16,080 19,705 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 11,655 5,525 6,130 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 8,305 3,905 4,400 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 6,090 2,730 3,360 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 4,585 2,090 2,490 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 5,145 1,820 3,325 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 3,310 1,335 1,975 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,475 410 1,065 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 330 75 260 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 35 5 30 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.4 16.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.4 66.9 65.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 16.1 14.7 17.4 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.2 39.2 41.1 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.3 39.2 41.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 85,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 53,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 25,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 8,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 85,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 20,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 29,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 13,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 13,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 219,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 183,600 89,360 94,245 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 110,160 55,045 55,120 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 92,910 46,435 46,475 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 17,250 8,610 8,645 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 73,440 34,315 39,125 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 48,670 26,115 22,555 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 5,015 2,195 2,820 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 9,715 3,875 5,835 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 10,040 2,130 7,915 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 62,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 30,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 13,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 13,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 6,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 62,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 54,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 45,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 8,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 8,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 6,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 54,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 25,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 28,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 10,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 12,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 5,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 8,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 33,450 15,705 17,740 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 85,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 59,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 24,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 35,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 24,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 20,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 220,565 108,725 111,840 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 201,035 100,600 100,440 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 90 40 50 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 17,060 7,110 9,950 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,375 970 1,405 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 220,565 108,725 111,840 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 215,160 106,370 108,800 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,435 1,120 1,315 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 640 290 350 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,325 945 1,380 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,755 1,265 1,490 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.2 1.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 220,565 108,725 111,840 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 217,555 107,310 110,245 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 181,200 89,625 91,580 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 178,730 88,485 90,245 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 2,470 1,135 1,335 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 36,355 17,685 18,665 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 15 0 10 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 10 5 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,340 17,680 18,655 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,505 840 670 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 80 45 35 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 15 15 5 250 140 110
Oromo 5 5 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 60 35 25 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 1,420 790 630 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 200 110 85 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 830 445 390 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 30 15 15 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 75 35 35 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 275 175 100 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,860 875 985 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 65 75 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,720 810 905 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,995 835 1,155 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 90 40 55 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 35 10 25 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 65 25 45 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 70 30 40 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,695 720 975 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 25 10 15 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 600 305 300 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 35 20 20 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 180 90 85 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 355 175 180 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 30 10 15 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 24,105 11,830 12,275 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 60 30 25 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 85 40 45 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 3,860 1,785 2,075 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 95 50 50 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 40 20 20 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 60 30 30 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 3,760 1,735 2,025 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 80 40 40 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 25 10 15 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 315 160 155 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 175 80 100 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 50 20 30 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 1,685 770 915 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 345 145 200 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 540 270 270 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 65 35 30 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 100 50 50 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 25 50 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 290 130 160 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 25 10 15 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 450 210 240
Welsh 15 5 10 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 8,685 4,340 4,345 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 45 25 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 140 70 75 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 2,245 1,155 1,090 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 70 35 40 1,240 630 620
German 6,080 3,015 3,070 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 10 5 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 10 940 405 540
Swedish 40 15 20 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 25 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 5 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 280 150 140 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 5,545 2,800 2,745 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 4,270 2,175 2,100 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 295 160 135 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 675 340 335 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 390 200 190 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 10 5 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 45 20 20 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 285 135 145 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 15 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,770 885 885 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 35 20 20 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 65 75 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 600 325 280 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,250 615 640 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 80 40 45 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 155 80 75 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,020 490 520 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 5,565 2,685 2,875 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 2,740 1,350 1,390 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 785 375 405 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 400 195 200 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,635 765 875 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 150 65 90 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 10 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 320 155 170 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 5 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 180 95 85 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 5 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 5 5 0 760 360 400
Igbo 10 10 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 5 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 10 1,330 545 785
Shona 15 5 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 40 15 20 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 35 15 15 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 25 15 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 55 25 30 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 25 15 10 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,690 1,745 1,945 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 3,685 1,740 1,945 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,225 575 650 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 25 15 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 2,125 1,005 1,125 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 65 70 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 135 65 70 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 240 110 125 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 155 70 85 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 80 40 40 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 430 205 225 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 70 30 35 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 335 160 175 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,115 545 570 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 40 15 25 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 75 40 40 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,000 495 505 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 3,010 1,415 1,600 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 500 220 280 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 2,385 1,135 1,250 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 50 25 30 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 70 35 35 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 220,560 108,725 111,840 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 214,310 105,690 108,615 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 196,335 96,955 99,380 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 195,660 96,665 98,995 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 680 290 390 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 17,975 8,740 9,235 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,975 8,740 9,235 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 870 470 405 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 35 20 15 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 10 5 5 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 20 10 10 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 840 450 395 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 130 75 55 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 460 225 230 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 20 10 10 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 10 5 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 225 135 90 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,335 635 705 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 35 50 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,250 595 655 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 835 385 450 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 30 15 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 5 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 15 5 10 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 10 5 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 745 345 400 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 5 5 0 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 365 180 185 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 30 10 10 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 95 50 45 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 225 105 120 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 15 10 10 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 10,720 5,195 5,530 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 45 20 20 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 55 25 30 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,550 740 810 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 30 10 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 25 10 15 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,520 730 790 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 60 30 30 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 10 0 5 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 90 40 55 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 30 15 15 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 15 10 10 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 680 330 350 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 200 95 105 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 315 155 160 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 15 5 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 65 30 35 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 3,515 1,765 1,755 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 10 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 350 180 170 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 10 5 5 90 45 45
German 3,090 1,545 1,545 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 5 0 5 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 10 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 655 315 340
Greek 105 50 50 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 3,575 1,735 1,840 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 2,770 1,365 1,410 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 175 90 85 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 445 220 230 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 225 110 110 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 5 0 540 260 280
Marathi 15 5 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 225 110 120 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,230 605 625 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 25 10 15 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 355 180 175 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 790 360 430 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 60 20 35 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 65 30 35 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 665 305 365 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,880 865 1,020 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 695 300 395 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 205 90 115 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 190 95 95 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 785 370 410 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 80 40 40 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 770 420 355
Georgian 5 5 5 775 420 355
Korean 200 95 105 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 5 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 50 30 20 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 5 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 20 10 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 65 40 25 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 30 15 10 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 25 15 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,540 1,225 1,315 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 2,540 1,225 1,315 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 805 375 430 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 10 5 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,585 780 805 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 30 35 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 140 75 70 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 95 40 50 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 45 30 15 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 260 115 140 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 40 20 25 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 210 95 115 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 475 245 235 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 5 790 290 500
Finnish 15 10 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 460 235 220 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 6,255 3,035 3,225 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 285 130 160 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 5,840 2,850 2,985 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 35 15 15 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 100 35 60 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 220,560 108,725 111,840 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 198,775 98,395 100,385 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 8,055 3,975 4,075 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 2,750 1,130 1,620 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 10,595 5,020 5,570 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 10 5 10 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 10,585 5,015 5,565 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 40 15 30 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 180 100 75 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 165 85 80 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 180,355 88,100 92,255 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 174,015 85,095 88,915 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,891 45,685 31,358 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 174,050 85,100 88,950 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,023 40,087 28,700 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 161,955 80,565 81,390 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,042 44,626 28,251 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 118,975 52,180 66,795 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,891 1,583 5,070 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 136,135 70,105 66,030 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,954 44,970 29,778 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 180,355 88,100 92,260 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 174,035 85,095 88,940 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,724 57,454 40,371 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 174,080 85,100 88,980 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,314 46,581 34,321 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 162,140 80,740 81,400 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,101 56,331 37,946 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 118,570 52,060 66,505 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,106 6,547 7,544 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 136,135 70,160 65,975 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,499 54,446 38,046 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 180,360 88,095 92,260 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 71,325 41,040 30,285 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,633 60,073 48,393 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,616 71,726 57,338 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.1 93.1 85.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.6 78.2 69.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.9 6.9 14.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 180,355 88,095 92,260 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 6,345 3,005 3,345 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 174,010 85,095 88,920 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.6 96.4 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 22,315 9,180 13,130 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 26,735 10,295 16,435 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 22,530 9,100 13,430 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 19,460 8,610 10,850 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 19,140 9,245 9,890 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 15,960 8,420 7,535 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 11,885 6,860 5,025 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 8,540 5,190 3,350 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 6,760 4,200 2,555 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 5,765 3,360 2,410 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 14,920 10,625 4,295 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 10,010 6,940 3,065 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 4,910 3,690 1,220 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 180,355 88,100 92,260 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 6,310 2,995 3,305 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 174,050 85,100 88,950 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.6 96.4 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 23,015 9,365 13,650 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 28,050 10,865 17,185 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 26,205 10,815 15,385 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 24,675 11,405 13,275 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 22,355 11,510 10,845 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 15,730 8,965 6,760 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 10,805 6,660 4,145 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 8,265 4,995 3,275 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 14,955 10,520 4,430 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 4,920 3,255 1,660 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,920 2,025 900 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 7,110 5,240 1,875 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 180,355 88,100 92,255 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 44,220 17,995 26,230 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 136,135 70,105 66,030 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 75.5 79.6 71.6 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 17,690 8,035 9,655 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 11,070 4,695 6,375 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 16,735 7,155 9,580 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 13,220 5,620 7,595 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 13,530 6,060 7,475 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 14,095 7,055 7,040 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 11,985 6,650 5,335 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 8,980 5,450 3,530 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 6,730 4,230 2,495 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 22,105 15,155 6,945 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 5,450 3,440 2,010 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 4,875 2,925 1,945 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 11,780 8,785 2,995 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 85,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 20,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,879  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 64,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,627  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 85,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,292  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 20,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,863  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 64,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,142  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 85,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 32,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 8,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 6,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 85,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 24,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 8,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 61,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,349  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,789  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 23,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 28,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,329  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,629  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 8,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,566  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 62,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,753  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,173  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 23,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,894  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,294  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 28,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 142,527  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,989  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,456  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,964  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 29,365 14,010 15,360 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,454 37,981 31,883 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,306 33,778 29,501 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 29,175 13,850 15,325 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,533 45,371 39,970 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,173 37,916 34,599 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 219,420 108,240 111,180 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 93,710 44,830 48,875 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 16,450 7,815 8,640 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 16,315 7,295 9,015 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 18,845 8,995 9,850 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 19,855 9,690 10,165 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 22,235 11,035 11,205 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 125,710 63,405 62,300 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 23,585 11,680 11,905 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 24,580 12,295 12,285 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 26,605 13,440 13,160 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 27,350 13,870 13,480 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 23,590 12,120 11,465 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 219,415 108,240 111,175 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 47,265 24,320 22,940 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 15,155 7,840 7,310 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 138,785 68,620 70,170 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 33,365 15,300 18,065 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 22,430 10,205 12,225 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 5,900 3,035 2,860 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 2,160 1,080 1,080 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 13,415 6,030 7,385 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 3,115 1,145 1,975 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.2 9.4 11.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.5 12.5 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 13.8 14.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 8.8 10.5 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.3 7.5 10.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 12,555 6,015 6,540 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 2,755 1,435 1,325 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,015 530 480 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 9,210 4,335 4,880 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 590 245 345 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.6 5.9 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 5.8 5.9 5.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 6.7 6.8 6.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 6.3 7.0 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.6 1.9 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 219,415 108,235 111,180 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 217,060 107,310 109,750 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 216,960 107,265 109,695 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 17,095 6,955 10,135 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 44,550 21,590 22,955 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 35 15 15 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 25 15 15 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 15 0 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 10 10 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 10 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 44,515 21,575 22,940 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,050 1,065 980 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 15 20 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 95 45 50 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 15 15 0 355 200 160
Oromo 10 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 70 30 45 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 1,950 1,020 925 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 310 175 135 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,095 565 535 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 165 75 85 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 130 65 60 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 330 195 135 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,085 990 1,095 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 65 70 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 1,970 935 1,030 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,545 1,100 1,450 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 120 40 75 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 85 20 65 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 175 75 100 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,325 1,010 1,315 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 15 0 15 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 75 40 35 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 620 320 300 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 65 30 35 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 170 95 75 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 420 220 200 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 45 25 20 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 30,725 14,910 15,820 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 40 15 25 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 90 40 55 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 4,755 2,265 2,485 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 95 40 55 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 35 20 20 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 60 20 40 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 4,675 2,235 2,440 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 100 45 55 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 55 25 30 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 530 275 255 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 255 135 120 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 65 40 25 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 1,995 935 1,055 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 640 310 335 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 870 440 430 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 95 50 40 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 105 60 40 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 40 65 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 260 110 145 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 80 30 50 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 1,480 720 765
Welsh 25 10 20 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 10,415 5,230 5,185 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 130 65 70 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 160 65 90 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 3,185 1,600 1,580 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 65 20 45 1,655 820 835
German 7,610 3,885 3,725 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 45 15 30 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 50 20 30 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 20 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 485 220 260 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 6,840 3,440 3,400 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 5,430 2,770 2,660 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 370 215 155 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 760 345 415 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,940 1,000 935 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 25 20 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 70 30 40 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 290 140 150 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,385 1,205 1,185 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 50 25 30 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185 95 85 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,045 590 460 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,500 705 790 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 60 25 35 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 265 140 125 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,235 575 655 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 25 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 8,680 4,000 4,680 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 3,710 1,765 1,945 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,125 560 565 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 455 205 250 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,590 1,535 2,055 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 265 145 115 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 290 145 145 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 400 245 160 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 30 20 15 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 10 0 10 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 25 15 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 40 25 20 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 15 10 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 160 95 60 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 85 45 40 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 25 15 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 10 10 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 30 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 475 190 290 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 230 95 140 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 265 100 160 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,340 2,095 2,240 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 4,340 2,095 2,245 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,570 750 820 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 25 15 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 2,825 1,350 1,480 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 155 80 75 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 10 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 95 90 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 0 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 425 260 160 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 285 170 115 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 145 90 55 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 595 305 290 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 165 95 75 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 415 205 210 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,300 570 730 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 40 20 25 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 70 35 35 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,190 515 675 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 219,415 108,240 111,180 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 209,730 103,580 106,155 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 46,295 23,870 22,420 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 163,435 79,710 83,730 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,685 4,660 5,025 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 219,415 108,240 111,175 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 179,825 88,950 90,875 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,710 18,360 19,350 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 14,380 6,985 7,395 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 4,810 2,425 2,380 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 6,500 3,120 3,380 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 7,995 3,890 4,100 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 4,280 2,170 2,105 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 3,715 1,720 1,990 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,020 1,925 2,100 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,885 935 950 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,710 18,360 19,350 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,565 2,340 2,225 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 7,435 3,885 3,550 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 8,520 4,005 4,520 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 14,800 7,120 7,675 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 2,395 1,010 1,385 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,710 18,360 19,350 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 4,660 2,125 2,540 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 145 60 90 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 175 70 100 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 170 85 90 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 205 100 100 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 10 10 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 290 140 150 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 660 330 335 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 105 50 60 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 235 110 120 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,730 685 1,045 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 945 490 455 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 17,375 8,515 8,860 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 200 90 115 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 340 180 160 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 180 100 85 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 1,180 595 585 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 185 95 90 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 345 190 160 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 335 160 180 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,695 855 835 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,860 960 895 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 1,305 595 710 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 440 230 210 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 430 200 230 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 210 85 125 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 680 325 350 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 115 55 65 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 6,390 3,095 3,295 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,495 715 780 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,955 1,010 940 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 10 0 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 205 80 125 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 255 155 105 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 170 80 90 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 20 15 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 105 60 50 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 45 20 30 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 345 165 185 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 795 440 350 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 13,550 6,625 6,925 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 710 365 345 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 265 140 120 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,765 790 975 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 180 85 90 108,030 50,945 57,090
India