Census Profile, 2016 Census
Halton, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Halton, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Halton, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Halton, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 548,435 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 501,674 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 198,164 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 192,977 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 568.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 964.05 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 548,435 266,350 282,085 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 107,215 54,955 52,260 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 30,600 15,665 14,935 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 37,970 19,425 18,550 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 38,640 19,870 18,775 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 359,410 175,205 184,205 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 36,440 18,625 17,815 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 31,910 16,620 15,290 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 26,185 13,025 13,165 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 30,420 14,000 16,420 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 37,930 17,475 20,460 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 43,580 20,915 22,660 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 44,370 21,640 22,730 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 43,045 21,150 21,895 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 36,820 18,125 18,695 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 28,700 13,630 15,070 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 81,810 36,190 45,620 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 25,465 11,735 13,725 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 19,665 9,120 10,545 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 14,640 6,655 7,985 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 10,795 4,630 6,165 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 11,245 4,050 7,190 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 7,110 2,820 4,290 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,310 1,045 2,265 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 720 175 550 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 100 15 85 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.5 20.6 18.5 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.5 65.8 65.3 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.9 13.6 16.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.4 38.4 40.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.5 39.6 41.3 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 192,980 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 112,875 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,890 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 58,135 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,140 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 33,815 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,565 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,395 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 215 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 75 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 192,980 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 37,660 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 57,970 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 34,005 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 41,485 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 21,855 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 540,980 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 441,220 211,395 229,825 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 276,820 138,070 138,750 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 249,100 124,250 124,850 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 27,720 13,820 13,905 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 164,395 73,325 91,070 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 109,315 57,430 51,890 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 11,205 4,435 6,770 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 21,825 7,145 14,685 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 22,050 4,320 17,725 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 156,535 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 63,340 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 35,150 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 42,205 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 15,850 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 156,535 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 135,605 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 121,760 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 13,845 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,930 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 16,655 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,280 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,605 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 51,365 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 84,245 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 28,320 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 40,485 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 15,445 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,930 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 11,975 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 6,830 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,125 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 56,975 23,225 33,745 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 192,975 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 146,465 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 47,170 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 99,295 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,890 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 41,625 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 37,660 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,960 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 544,020 264,660 279,360 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 484,060 239,545 244,515 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 380 160 220 1,110 530 580
English and French 52,665 22,295 30,370 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 6,920 2,660 4,260 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 544,025 264,660 279,365 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 524,050 256,185 267,865 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 9,155 4,040 5,110 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 4,040 1,845 2,195 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 6,780 2,590 4,190 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,170 4,965 6,205 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 1.9 2.2 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 544,020 264,660 279,360 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 528,785 257,245 271,540 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 394,090 193,360 200,725 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 385,160 189,415 195,750 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 8,930 3,945 4,980 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 134,695 63,885 70,810 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 20 5 15 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,675 63,875 70,800 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,005 5,560 5,445 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 25 15 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 120 50 65 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 5 15 165 95 75
Somali 95 50 55 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 10,850 5,490 5,360 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 70 30 35 1,140 560 585
Arabic 9,875 5,040 4,830 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 130 150 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 50 70 440 240 195
Harari 5 5 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 95 55 45 1,770 960 805
Maltese 285 120 165 80 40 40
Tigrigna 45 25 25 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,380 595 780 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,335 580 755 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 6,125 2,370 3,755 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 215 80 130 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 5 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 55 25 30 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 200 90 110 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 280 115 165 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 40 55 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,200 1,980 3,215 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 830 360 470
Creole languages 170 85 80 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 105 55 50 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 2,495 1,235 1,255 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 115 60 55 225 115 110
Malayalam 575 285 295 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,370 675 700 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 410 210 205 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 90,635 43,450 47,185 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 635 310 325 1,090 560 530
Armenian 300 150 150 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 24,880 11,495 13,385 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 545 225 320 645 280 370
Latvian 190 75 115 320 145 175
Lithuanian 360 150 210 325 130 200
Slavic languages 24,340 11,270 13,065 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 10 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 265 125 140 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 530 260 270 1,725 805 915
Croatian 4,035 1,990 2,045 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 615 265 350 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 700 335 365 250 120 135
Polish 8,785 3,990 4,795 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 3,485 1,540 1,945 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 2,695 1,295 1,400 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 275 125 150 1,145 545 600
Slovak 700 320 375 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 385 165 215 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,815 815 995 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 180 90 90
Celtic languages 65 30 35 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 125 65 60
Welsh 35 20 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 7,480 3,390 4,090 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 340 155 185 1,435 730 705
Danish 310 145 160 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,250 1,060 1,185 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 30 15 10 80 30 50
German 4,230 1,875 2,355 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 20 10 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 65 30 35 835 410 430
Swedish 145 65 80 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 20 40 200 105 95
Yiddish 25 10 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,425 710 720 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 29,120 14,420 14,705 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 25,490 12,625 12,865 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 855 435 420 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 2,040 985 1,055 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 2,680 1,310 1,370 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 50 20 30 40 25 15
Konkani 130 65 75 225 110 110
Marathi 205 100 110 535 280 255
Nepali 120 50 70 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 30 20 15 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,585 3,265 3,320 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 275 140 135 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 480 230 250 1,455 730 725
Urdu 12,035 6,015 6,020 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 3,500 1,720 1,780 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 90 45 40 1,650 875 780
Pashto 580 275 305 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 2,835 1,395 1,430 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 130 75 60 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 26,730 12,940 13,785 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 7,060 3,645 3,420 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 7,335 3,580 3,755 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,200 1,035 1,165 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 10,095 4,670 5,425 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 60 40 25
Japanese 410 130 280 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 3,505 1,615 1,890 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 795 365 430 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 220 95 130 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 15 5 10 80 45 30
Ewe 15 5 10 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 15 5 10 35 15 15
Ganda 10 10 5 65 35 30
Igbo 55 25 30 160 90 65
Lingala 10 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 105 45 55
Shona 65 30 30 150 70 85
Swahili 80 35 45 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 170 90 85 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 15 20 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 190 85 100
Sign languages 200 100 100 620 330 295
American Sign Language 140 70 70 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 30 30 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,675 6,800 7,875 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 14,590 6,760 7,825 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 3,365 1,530 1,835 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 85 30 50 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 10,335 4,805 5,525 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 315 145 170 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 195 95 100 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 140 150 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 85 40 45 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 35 20 20 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 30 15 15 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 215 80 135 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 70 30 40 800 405 400
Thai 145 50 100 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,040 535 510 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 40 20 20 495 275 225
Turkish 950 480 470 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 25 15 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,955 915 1,035 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 160 80 85 455 195 260
Finnish 245 100 150 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,540 735 810 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 365 200 170
Multiple responses 15,235 7,415 7,820 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,595 740 855 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 12,690 6,250 6,440 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 430 195 235 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 525 235 290 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 544,020 264,665 279,360 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 512,385 249,415 262,970 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 451,570 220,380 231,190 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 448,015 218,720 229,295 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 3,555 1,660 1,895 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 60,815 29,035 31,785 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,815 29,035 31,785 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,170 2,515 2,655 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 45 15 30 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 80 40 35
Somali 40 15 30 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 5,115 2,495 2,620 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 30 10 15 535 250 290
Arabic 4,745 2,330 2,415 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 115 50 65 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 60 25 35 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 40 20 20 785 400 385
Maltese 55 25 25 5 5 0
Tigrigna 20 10 10 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 660 300 365 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 655 295 360 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 2,350 1,030 1,325 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 70 30 40 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 355 150 205
Ilocano 65 25 35 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 90 40 50 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 10 15 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,065 895 1,165 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 65 30 35 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,180 560 615 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 40 20 20 95 45 50
Malayalam 240 115 120 885 450 435
Tamil 690 325 370 1,935 965 965
Telugu 215 100 105 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 37,555 18,000 19,550 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 225 120 110 530 255 270
Armenian 120 55 65 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 10,245 4,910 5,335 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 140 65 70 160 75 90
Latvian 35 15 20 65 30 35
Lithuanian 100 50 50 90 45 50
Slavic languages 10,105 4,840 5,265 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 120 60 60 540 270 270
Bulgarian 290 150 140 925 425 495
Croatian 1,280 605 675 1,795 840 955
Czech 165 80 85 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 285 130 155 120 60 60
Polish 3,675 1,755 1,915 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 2,190 1,035 1,155 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,230 605 630 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 95 45 50 435 205 235
Slovak 235 115 115 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 30 60 25 35
Ukrainian 465 225 240 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 25 10 15
Celtic languages 15 10 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 895 425 470 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 130 55 70 520 250 265
Danish 20 5 10 180 90 90
Dutch 175 85 90 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 515 240 275 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 10 5 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 5 75 35 35
Swedish 40 25 20 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 310 145 165 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 15,205 7,355 7,855 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 13,180 6,405 6,775 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 475 235 240 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 960 440 520 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 1,105 530 575 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 0 5 5 0 0
Konkani 30 15 15 40 15 15
Marathi 80 40 40 245 125 120
Nepali 65 35 35 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,565 1,740 1,825 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 105 50 55 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 190 90 100 595 290 305
Urdu 6,595 3,230 3,365 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,970 920 1,050 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 45 25 25 1,025 515 505
Pashto 345 160 180 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,580 730 850 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 10,540 4,990 5,550 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 1,150 495 650 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 2,435 1,160 1,275 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 985 460 525 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,955 2,870 3,085 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 10
Japanese 130 60 65 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 2,340 1,100 1,245 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 150 55 95 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 60 15 40 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 5 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 5 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 20 10 5 40 15 20
Swahili 10 5 10 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 5 15 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 285 140 145 830 460 370
American Sign Language 185 90 95 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 50 50 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,820 4,695 5,120 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 9,785 4,680 5,105 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,635 785 845 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 15 5 10 670 280 390
Mandarin 7,725 3,690 4,035 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 110 55 55 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 125 65 65 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 90 90 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 20 20 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 10 10 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 10 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 95 40 50 1,015 435 580
Lao 20 10 15 335 160 175
Thai 70 30 35 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 530 270 260 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 500 250 250 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 15 10 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 475 230 245 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 20 10 10 75 30 45
Finnish 45 30 20 435 190 240
Hungarian 415 195 215 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 31,635 15,245 16,390 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,255 575 675 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 29,460 14,260 15,200 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 110 45 70 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 810 365 440 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 544,025 264,660 279,360 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 457,960 224,140 233,820 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 32,050 15,695 16,355 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 6,745 2,850 3,895 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 45,645 21,240 24,410 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 10 5 5 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 45,630 21,235 24,400 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 350 155 195 965 435 530
English and non-official language 565 275 290 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 695 305 390 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 433,845 208,575 225,270 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 414,995 199,625 215,375 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,577 52,979 35,067 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 415,105 199,645 215,460 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,779 45,755 31,629 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 388,030 190,215 197,810 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,212 52,274 32,748 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 278,820 118,770 160,050 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,716 899 3,878 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 327,610 167,275 160,335 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,556 52,445 35,370 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 433,845 208,570 225,275 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 415,130 199,760 215,370 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,762 82,349 48,449 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 415,265 199,795 215,465 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,228 61,595 39,687 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 388,265 190,275 197,985 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,579 82,799 47,069 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 278,800 119,045 159,755 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,495 5,841 6,982 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 327,605 166,985 160,630 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 63,534 79,267 47,179 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 433,845 208,570 225,275 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 167,465 94,250 73,210 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 68,481 76,851 59,762 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 90,417 106,100 70,227 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.3 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.4 80.4 72.8 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.7 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 433,845 208,575 225,275 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 18,850 8,945 9,900 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 414,995 199,625 215,370 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.7 95.6 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 60,625 24,840 35,780 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 55,380 21,525 33,855 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 44,190 17,490 26,705 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 37,575 15,700 21,875 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 35,955 15,710 20,245 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 31,205 14,580 16,630 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 26,850 13,485 13,365 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 22,000 11,805 10,195 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 19,210 10,450 8,755 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 17,375 9,305 8,075 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 64,620 44,735 19,885 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 37,770 24,690 13,085 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 26,855 20,050 6,800 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 433,845 208,575 225,270 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 18,740 8,925 9,815 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 415,105 199,645 215,460 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 62,650 25,340 37,310 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 58,025 22,625 35,400 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 51,210 20,500 30,710 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 45,955 19,645 26,310 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 43,660 20,095 23,570 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 35,835 18,115 17,720 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 28,645 15,580 13,065 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 24,875 13,680 11,190 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 64,245 44,065 20,180 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 17,520 10,635 6,885 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 11,170 7,390 3,775 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 35,555 26,040 9,520 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 433,845 208,570 225,270 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 106,235 41,300 64,940 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 327,610 167,275 160,335 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 75.5 80.2 71.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 43,435 21,150 22,280 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 24,760 10,705 14,060 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 35,860 15,540 20,315 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 27,595 11,840 15,755 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 25,355 10,685 14,675 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 25,075 10,960 14,115 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 23,105 10,905 12,200 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 20,500 10,500 10,005 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 17,430 9,500 7,930 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 84,490 55,495 29,000 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 15,950 8,800 7,150 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 15,100 8,040 7,055 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 53,445 38,650 14,795 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 192,975 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 103,009 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,183 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 37,660 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,351 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,688 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 155,315 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,408 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,204 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 192,980 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 139,315 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 108,085 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 37,720 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 67,110 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,741 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 155,255 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 156,858 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,532 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 192,975 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,095 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,240 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,255 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,365 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,480 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,295 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,835 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,265 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,430 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,310 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 11,225 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,230 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,905 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,765 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,695 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 99,580 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,360 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,035 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 25,620 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 31,570 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 192,975 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,350 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,295 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,340 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,540 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,035 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,895 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,745 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,365 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,695 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,835 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,030 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,780 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,875 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,410 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,390 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 80,400 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,580 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,595 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 36,230 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 152,760 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,370 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,086 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 46,115 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,760 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,501 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 84,425 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,502 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,554 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 19,255 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 71,677 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,258 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 152,665 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 156,969 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,480 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 46,385 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,751 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,279 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 84,325 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 183,977 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,355 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 19,105 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 89,060 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,296 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 47,400 19,920 27,480 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 43,669 48,387 40,822 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,292 41,747 36,168 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 47,480 19,965 27,510 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 61,514 72,452 53,575 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,694 54,946 44,156 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 540,975 263,490 277,485 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 175,895 82,040 93,855 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 30,550 14,465 16,085 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 30,465 13,485 16,975 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 34,080 15,475 18,605 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 37,605 17,850 19,760 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 43,190 20,770 22,420 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 365,080 181,450 183,635 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 49,605 24,165 25,445 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 56,615 27,720 28,895 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 66,750 33,065 33,685 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 82,425 41,175 41,250 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 109,685 55,325 54,355 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 540,980 263,490 277,490 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 129,300 66,175 63,130 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 37,615 19,280 18,335 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 335,195 162,670 172,525 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 76,480 34,645 41,840 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 44,485 20,350 24,140 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 13,530 6,935 6,595 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 3,460 1,745 1,715 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 25,390 11,510 13,880 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 5,565 1,905 3,665 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.2 7.7 8.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 9.2 9.1 9.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.6 7.1 8.0 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 7.3 5.5 8.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 32,140 15,010 17,135 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 9,225 4,725 4,500 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,285 1,155 1,135 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 19,880 9,260 10,625 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 3,030 1,025 2,010 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.9 5.7 6.2 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.1 7.1 7.1 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 6.1 6.0 6.2 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.9 5.7 6.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 4.0 3.0 4.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 540,975 263,490 277,490 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 534,110 260,835 273,275 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 533,690 260,665 273,025 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 52,710 22,060 30,650 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 171,550 81,395 90,160 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 35 10 25 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 35 10 25 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 10 25 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 35 10 25 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 171,515 81,380 90,135 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,255 7,785 7,470 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 45 15 25 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 120 50 65 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 10 10 10 15 0 15
Oromo 20 10 15 190 110 80
Somali 90 40 50 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 15,105 7,730 7,375 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 105 45 55 1,755 905 855
Arabic 13,680 7,045 6,635 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 330 150 185 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 225 120 100 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 590 295 290 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 420 210 215 165 90 80
Tigrigna 50 30 25 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,665 730 935 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 35 35 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,600 695 910 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 7,695 3,000 4,700 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 315 120 190 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 20 10 15 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 55 25 35 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 250 90 155 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 365 160 205 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 30 40 775 350 430
Pangasinan 15 10 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,175 2,785 4,395 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 600 250 350 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 35 10 20 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 340 140 200 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 230 95 125 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 3,785 1,920 1,865 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 275 140 135 445 210 235
Malayalam 990 485 510 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 2,140 1,110 1,030 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 620 305 310 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 118,260 56,580 61,675 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 775 400 375 1,135 580 555
Armenian 350 190 160 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 29,145 13,730 15,415 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 665 270 395 635 310 325
Latvian 205 95 110 310 175 140
Lithuanian 460 175 285 325 135 185
Slavic languages 28,600 13,510 15,095 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 70 40 25 205 95 110
Bosnian 445 225 225 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 640 335 310 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 5,820 2,935 2,885 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 900 385 520 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 1,005 510 490 345 180 160
Polish 10,305 4,595 5,710 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 4,775 2,205 2,565 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 3,440 1,690 1,745 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 280 140 140 1,240 595 645
Slovak 795 350 450 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 450 210 245 725 330 400
Ukrainian 2,650 1,225 1,430 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 250 120 125
Celtic languages 220 100 115 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 65 25 35 350 225 120
Welsh 50 30 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 105 45 55 685 370 320
Germanic languages 11,190 5,140 6,045 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 1,000 460 545 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 345 145 200 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,650 1,220 1,430 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 50 25 25 120 55 65
German 7,130 3,330 3,800 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 20 10 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 105 35 70 1,405 730 680
Swedish 270 130 145 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 15 35 220 125 100
Yiddish 30 10 20 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 2,165 1,040 1,130 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 39,505 19,455 20,045 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 35,350 17,420 17,930 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 1,205 595 610 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,880 1,330 1,545 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 9,790 4,725 5,070 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 90 50 40 45 25 20
Konkani 260 120 135 375 185 190
Marathi 390 215 170 1,275 650 625
Nepali 55 15 35 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 55 20 30 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10,730 5,445 5,285 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 585 310 275 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 725 355 370 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 17,340 8,700 8,640 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 4,490 2,210 2,280 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 165 90 70 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 890 425 470 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 3,690 1,810 1,885 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 37,495 17,725 19,765 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 25 10 15 245 125 120
Italian 10,870 5,350 5,525 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 9,515 4,570 4,945 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 2,680 1,275 1,405 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 15,995 7,240 8,750 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 220 130 85
Japanese 900 435 460 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 4,095 1,915 2,180 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 2,080 960 1,125 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 470 205 265 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 25 0 20 115 65 55
Ewe 35 20 15 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 60 35 20 95 60 35
Ganda 45 20 25 105 60 45
Igbo 145 75 75 240 140 95
Lingala 125 60 70 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 30 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 210 95 115
Shona 50 30 25 265 125 140
Swahili 410 190 225 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 15 10 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 460 215 250 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 360 170 190 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 50 30 300 150 150
Dinka 15 15 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 250 120 135
Sign languages 850 340 505 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 585 205 380 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 285 145 145 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,685 7,780 8,905 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 16,575 7,725 8,850 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 4,685 2,180 2,505 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 75 30 45 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 12,235 5,625 6,605 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 15 10 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 390 180 215 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 300 140 155 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 375 170 205 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 135 65 70 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 65 30 30 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 50 15 25 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 255 110 150 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 100 45 50 1,125 505 620
Thai 170 70 100 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,430 735 695 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 90 45 50 835 455 385
Turkish 1,270 635 635 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 30 20 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 15 10 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 30 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,270 1,060 1,210 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 215 120 95 495 205 295
Finnish 305 130 175 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,755 820 940 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 540,975 263,490 277,490 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 502,490 245,760 256,730 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 122,000 62,150 59,850 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 380,495 183,610 196,880 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 38,485 17,730 20,755 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 540,980 263,490 277,485 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 375,815 185,430 190,385 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 160,165 75,805 84,355 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 48,245 22,860 25,385 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 18,710 8,880 9,830 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 29,940 14,165 15,770 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 42,790 20,210 22,580 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 22,635 10,875 11,765 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 20,155 9,330 10,815 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 20,485 9,695 10,790 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 5,000 2,255 2,750 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 160,165 75,810 84,360 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 18,970 9,330 9,640 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 31,250 15,830 15,420 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 31,895 13,715 18,180 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 65,735 31,145 34,585 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 12,315 5,780 6,530 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 160,165 75,805 84,360 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 21,720 9,775 11,950 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 870 375 495 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 2,265 1,045 1,225 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 420 220 205 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,300 580 715 920 415 500
Haiti 60 30 30 265 110 160
Jamaica 2,940 1,245 1,700 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,125 480 645 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 925 395 530 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,805 830 970 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,320 2,345 2,980 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 4,685 2,230 2,460 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 61,255 29,190 32,060 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,070 555 510 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 2,490 1,295 1,190 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 625 290 335 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 3,095 1,380 1,720 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 730 385 335 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 875 400 475 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,240 525 710 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 3,785 2,035 1,750 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 2,020 1,005 1,020 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 6,685 2,920 3,765 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 4,680 2,315 2,365 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,295 1,045 1,250 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 1,600 740 855 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,235 590 645 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,245 555 690 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 21,300 10,255 11,050 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 6,295 2,895 3,395 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 11,070 5,625 5,445 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 105 50 60 430 270 150
Egypt 4,190 2,255 1,935 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 120 70 45 1,665 835 825
Kenya 770 360 410 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 125 55 70 730 385 340
Nigeria 890 455 435 1,205 630 575
Somalia 100 45 55 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,955 935 1,025 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,820 1,405 1,415 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 65,445 30,885 34,555 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,240 605 640 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 680 330 345 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 9,235 4,160 5,080 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,600 765 830 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 13,685 6,560 7,120 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,800 930 870 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,485 1,255 1,230 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 305 70 235 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 3,180 1,475 1,710 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,000 525 475 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 11,200 5,665 5,535 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 7,255 3,000 4,260 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,695 855 845 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 640 340 305 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 540 215 330 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,450 630 815 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 7,445 3,510 3,935 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 680 335 340 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 20,480 9,695 10,785 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 2,975 1,430 1,545 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 230 115 120 960 445 520
Colombia 305 130 175 465 220 240
Cuba 90 55 35 70 35 30
Haiti 10 10 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 115 80 35 160 115 45
Mexico 285 115 170 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 985 460 525 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 350 180 170 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 615 305 315 1,855 875 975
Europe 2,680 1,245 1,435 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 115 55 60 790 415 370
Germany 80 45 40 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 165 95 70 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 20 15 10 200 110