Census Profile, 2016 Census
Niagara, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Niagara, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Niagara, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 447,888 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 431,346 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 196,241 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 183,828 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 241.5 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,854.23 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 447,890 216,920 230,970 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 66,760 34,235 32,525 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 20,775 10,655 10,125 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 22,615 11,555 11,060 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 23,370 12,025 11,340 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 285,285 139,490 145,800 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 25,710 13,095 12,615 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 28,155 14,170 13,985 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 25,130 12,715 12,420 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 24,005 11,755 12,250 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 23,950 11,560 12,390 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 26,150 12,580 13,575 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 29,145 14,095 15,050 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 35,335 17,170 18,160 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 34,995 16,820 18,175 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 32,715 15,530 17,185 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 95,845 43,195 52,650 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 30,120 14,420 15,700 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 22,690 10,915 11,775 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 16,410 7,595 8,820 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 12,595 5,375 7,220 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 14,030 4,890 9,140 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 8,745 3,385 5,360 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 4,180 1,260 2,915 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 990 235 755 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 115 10 105 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.9 15.8 14.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.7 64.3 63.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 21.4 19.9 22.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 3.1 2.3 4.0 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.8 42.6 44.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 45.7 44.4 46.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 183,825 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 123,700 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,120 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 49,720 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,600 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 13,050 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,410 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 19,980 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 680 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 285 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 183,825 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 51,210 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 67,765 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 27,720 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 23,960 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,170 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 438,160 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 381,130 182,685 198,445 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 217,915 109,020 108,895 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 184,875 92,535 92,340 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 33,040 16,490 16,555 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 163,215 73,665 89,555 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 97,200 52,180 45,020 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 13,470 5,815 7,650 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 24,960 9,990 14,970 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 27,590 5,675 21,910 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 129,470 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 70,485 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 26,730 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 22,665 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,595 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 129,470 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 106,545 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 90,030 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,515 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,930 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 18,265 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,660 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 106,545 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 56,280 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 50,265 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 20,355 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 20,895 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 9,015 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,930 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 14,205 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 6,380 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,345 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 74,770 34,005 40,770 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 183,830 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 123,350 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 53,730 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 69,615 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,025 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 57,455 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 51,215 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,240 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 440,960 214,435 226,525 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 403,820 198,530 205,285 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 400 160 240 1,110 530 580
English and French 33,850 14,550 19,305 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,890 1,195 1,695 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 440,960 214,435 226,520 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 425,090 207,370 217,725 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 11,900 5,385 6,520 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,160 530 625 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,810 1,160 1,655 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,480 5,650 6,830 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.8 2.6 3.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 440,960 214,435 226,525 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 434,580 211,445 223,135 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 373,835 182,795 191,045 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 361,360 177,120 184,235 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 12,480 5,675 6,805 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 60,745 28,645 32,095 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 70 30 40 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 10 20 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 10 5 0 0
Cayuga 10 5 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 5 10 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 5 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,675 28,620 32,055 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,850 1,485 1,370 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 170 75 95 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 5 5 5 0 0
Oromo 0 5 5 165 95 75
Somali 160 75 90 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,675 1,405 1,270 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 55 25 30 1,140 560 585
Arabic 2,305 1,200 1,100 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 60 35 25 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 70 40 25 1,770 960 805
Maltese 130 70 60 80 40 40
Tigrigna 45 20 20 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 945 435 510 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 190 80 110 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 755 355 395 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,230 800 1,425 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 95 30 65 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 95 40 50 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 45 15 30 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,920 690 1,235 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 230 125 110 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 30 20 15 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 170 85 85 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 480 255 230 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 10 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 285 155 135 1,750 905 845
Tamil 145 70 75 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 40 20 25 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 44,305 21,105 23,200 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 180 85 95 1,090 560 530
Armenian 230 105 125 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 11,475 5,180 6,300 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 265 110 160 645 280 370
Latvian 120 50 70 320 145 175
Lithuanian 145 55 85 325 130 200
Slavic languages 11,210 5,070 6,140 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 5 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 200 105 90 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 325 155 170 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,125 555 575 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 320 150 165 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 100 55 50 250 120 135
Polish 3,890 1,680 2,205 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,150 490 660 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,455 725 730 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 135 60 80 1,145 545 600
Slovak 445 195 245 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 385 160 215 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,635 715 920 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 180 90 90
Celtic languages 30 20 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10 125 65 60
Welsh 10 10 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 10,710 4,990 5,730 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 120 55 65 1,435 730 705
Danish 160 70 90 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 4,125 1,960 2,160 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 85 45 40 80 30 50
German 6,040 2,780 3,260 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 15 15 835 410 430
Swedish 80 20 55 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 200 105 95
Yiddish 15 10 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 840 415 415 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 3,880 1,995 1,885 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 3,130 1,615 1,520 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 175 95 85 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 600 315 290 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 465 265 195 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 5 0 225 110 110
Marathi 50 30 25 535 280 255
Nepali 45 25 20 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 685 315 365 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 30 20 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 35 1,455 730 725
Urdu 985 505 485 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 710 360 345 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 210 105 105 1,650 875 780
Pashto 50 25 20 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 450 235 220 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 16,955 8,310 8,640 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 0 125 65 55
Italian 10,735 5,255 5,480 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 1,080 525 555 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 465 220 240 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 4,645 2,295 2,355 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 60 40 25
Japanese 335 105 230 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 65 40 25
Georgian 10 10 0 65 40 25
Korean 1,290 605 685 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 545 260 280 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 80 50 30 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 5 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 10 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 15 10 5 160 90 65
Lingala 10 5 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 105 45 55
Shona 120 50 70 150 70 85
Swahili 100 45 55 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 55 30 25 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 10 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 85 45 45 620 330 295
American Sign Language 45 20 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,665 2,130 2,535 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 4,635 2,115 2,520 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,260 585 670 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 20 5 5 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,930 1,315 1,615 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 40 50 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 30 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 145 150 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 10 20 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 10 0 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 20 10 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 335 145 190 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 255 125 125 800 405 400
Thai 85 20 60 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 355 200 155 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 495 275 225
Turkish 310 170 135 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,965 895 1,075 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 130 55 70 455 195 260
Finnish 145 65 80 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,695 770 925 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 6,380 3,000 3,385 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,715 800 920 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 4,335 2,045 2,295 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 185 85 100 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 145 75 70 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 440,965 214,435 226,525 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 429,210 209,040 220,165 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 406,705 198,500 208,205 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 403,190 196,995 206,195 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 3,510 1,505 2,005 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 22,505 10,540 11,960 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 10 0 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 22,495 10,540 11,955 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,445 700 740 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 115 50 65 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 80 40 35
Somali 105 50 60 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,330 650 680 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 10 5 5 535 250 290
Arabic 1,225 590 630 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 25 15 10 785 400 385
Maltese 15 5 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 25 15 10 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 555 260 295 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 35 45 620 290 330
Vietnamese 480 230 250 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 860 375 485 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 30 15 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 35 20 20 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 0 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 765 330 435 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 130 65 70 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 95 40 55 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 175 85 95 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 125 60 60 885 450 435
Tamil 45 25 20 1,935 965 965
Telugu 5 5 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 13,985 6,525 7,465 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 75 40 40 530 255 270
Armenian 70 30 40 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 4,195 1,945 2,245 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 55 20 35 160 75 90
Latvian 20 5 15 65 30 35
Lithuanian 35 10 20 90 45 50
Slavic languages 4,140 1,930 2,215 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 130 70 65 540 270 270
Bulgarian 170 80 90 925 425 495
Croatian 335 150 185 1,795 840 955
Czech 70 35 40 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 40 25 20 120 60 60
Polish 1,425 645 780 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 640 310 330 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 750 370 380 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20 435 205 235
Slovak 90 45 50 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 40 45 60 25 35
Ukrainian 345 150 195 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,235 585 650 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 50 20 25 520 250 265
Danish 10 10 0 180 90 90
Dutch 170 70 100 685 325 365
Frisian 10 5 5 5 5 0
German 985 465 515 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Greek 290 140 150 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 2,040 1,015 1,025 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,680 845 840 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 95 50 45 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 370 190 175 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 235 125 105 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 20 10 10 245 125 120
Nepali 35 15 20 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 375 170 205 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 10 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 595 290 305
Urdu 515 255 260 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 355 165 190 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 115 55 65 1,025 515 505
Pashto 20 10 10 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 220 105 115 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 6,075 2,770 3,305 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 5 0 60 30 35
Italian 2,885 1,165 1,720 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 315 140 170 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 195 95 105 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 2,675 1,365 1,310 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 150 70 80 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 935 445 495 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 130 55 75 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 0 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 5 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 40 20 20 40 15 20
Swahili 40 15 25 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 115 60 50 830 460 370
American Sign Language 40 20 20 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 40 35 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,195 1,515 1,685 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 3,175 1,505 1,670 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 750 355 395 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 5 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 2,180 1,020 1,160 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 20 20 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 15 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 95 80 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 15 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 165 80 90 1,015 435 580
Lao 145 65 75 335 160 175
Thai 20 10 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 175 95 80 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 185 95 90
Turkish 155 85 70 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 455 205 255 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 10 10 75 30 45
Finnish 20 15 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 420 185 240 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 11,750 5,395 6,360 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,105 455 650 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 10,380 4,825 5,560 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 65 30 35 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 205 90 115 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 440,960 214,440 226,525 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 402,535 196,765 205,770 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 11,695 5,520 6,175 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 6,825 2,900 3,925 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 19,375 9,005 10,370 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 110 50 55 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 19,265 8,955 10,310 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 85 40 45 965 435 530
English and non-official language 165 80 85 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 270 115 150 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 371,555 178,820 192,735 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 359,275 173,200 186,075 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,601 38,614 26,446 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 359,405 173,215 186,190 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,021 34,849 24,690 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 320,270 157,655 162,615 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,425 35,813 22,598 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 272,125 122,360 149,765 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,222 6,802 7,427 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 255,855 132,225 123,625 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,595 33,822 24,788 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 371,560 178,820 192,735 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 359,420 173,265 186,150 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,858 49,413 34,827 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 359,550 173,280 186,270 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,535 41,163 30,300 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 320,335 157,440 162,885 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,739 47,934 31,817 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 272,600 122,835 149,760 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,493 8,260 8,685 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 255,855 132,140 123,715 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,915 44,749 32,684 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 371,555 178,825 192,730 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 115,535 64,885 50,650 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,770 55,639 43,517 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,824 65,375 50,431 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.7 88.4 79.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.3 69.4 62.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.3 11.6 20.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 371,555 178,825 192,735 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 12,280 5,620 6,655 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 359,275 173,200 186,075 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.9 96.5 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 48,410 20,280 28,120 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 66,370 25,230 41,145 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 56,950 22,575 34,370 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 45,685 21,415 24,270 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 37,865 18,970 18,900 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 28,255 15,760 12,500 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 19,830 11,985 7,845 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 14,105 8,895 5,215 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 10,650 6,870 3,780 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 9,330 5,550 3,780 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 21,810 15,675 6,140 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 15,605 10,935 4,670 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 6,210 4,740 1,465 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 371,555 178,825 192,735 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 12,155 5,610 6,545 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 359,400 173,215 186,190 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.9 96.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 50,195 20,615 29,585 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 69,500 26,515 42,990 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 65,605 26,775 38,830 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 52,905 25,825 27,075 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 41,440 22,160 19,275 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 26,565 15,945 10,620 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 17,595 11,335 6,260 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 13,365 8,335 5,030 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 22,235 15,720 6,515 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 8,230 5,345 2,885 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,405 3,180 1,225 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 9,600 7,195 2,410 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 371,555 178,825 192,735 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 115,705 46,600 69,105 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 255,855 132,225 123,630 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.9 73.9 64.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 42,675 22,975 19,700 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 22,020 9,610 12,405 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 36,730 15,675 21,055 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 30,625 13,125 17,495 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 26,695 12,040 14,655 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 23,335 11,200 12,130 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 18,330 10,545 7,785 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 13,005 8,155 4,855 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 9,895 6,455 3,440 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 32,545 22,445 10,100 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 8,105 5,260 2,845 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 8,145 4,710 3,435 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 16,295 12,480 3,820 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 183,830 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,086 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,235 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 51,210 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,201 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,584 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 132,610 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,141 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,914 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 183,825 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,842 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,503 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 51,150 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,213 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,304 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 132,680 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,505 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,687 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 183,830 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,365 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,240 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,420 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,295 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,835 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,950 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,555 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,780 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,720 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,515 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,800 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,160 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,730 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,275 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,965 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 51,225 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,550 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,005 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,270 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,395 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 183,830 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,500 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,300 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,475 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,690 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,885 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,980 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,695 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,135 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,265 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,870 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,145 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,210 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,170 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,885 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,760 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 36,855 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,585 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,230 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,035 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 128,055 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,433 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,105 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 52,540 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,564 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,378 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 50,880 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,901 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,573 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,325 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,760 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,684 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 127,975 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,007 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,993 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 52,385 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,493 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,270 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 50,980 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,945 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,430 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,240 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,051 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,472 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,105 30,435 35,665 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,906 31,480 27,393 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,864 28,771 25,737 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,075 30,355 35,715 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,870 40,537 35,603 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,623 34,247 31,243 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 438,160 212,975 225,190 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 229,815 107,995 121,820 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 42,440 20,020 22,415 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 46,140 20,165 25,980 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 47,585 22,085 25,505 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 46,370 22,420 23,950 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 47,275 23,300 23,980 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 208,350 104,980 103,365 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 45,880 22,785 23,090 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 45,245 22,620 22,625 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 43,180 21,800 21,380 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 41,635 21,210 20,425 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 32,410 16,565 15,840 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 438,160 212,975 225,185 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 81,615 41,815 39,800 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 25,010 12,845 12,170 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 267,650 130,175 137,480 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 88,895 40,985 47,905 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 63,405 28,630 34,775 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 15,620 8,050 7,570 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 5,265 2,700 2,565 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 38,170 17,270 20,900 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 9,615 3,310 6,305 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.5 13.4 15.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.1 19.3 19.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.1 21.0 21.1 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.3 15.2 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.8 8.1 13.2 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 32,305 15,510 16,795 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 6,805 3,505 3,300 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,285 1,145 1,140 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 23,615 11,265 12,350 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,890 740 1,145 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.4 7.3 7.5 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.4 8.3 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 8.9 9.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 8.7 9.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.8 2.4 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 438,160 212,970 225,185 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 435,385 211,850 223,540 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 435,015 211,700 223,310 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 34,030 14,645 19,380 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 74,885 35,395 39,485 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 145 70 75 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 50 25 25 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 10 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 25 15 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 40 20 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 10 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 65 20 40 0 10 10
Cayuga 20 10 15 0 0 0
Mohawk 40 10 25 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 74,745 35,325 39,420 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,020 2,060 1,960 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 225 125 95 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 10 15 0 15
Oromo 10 0 10 190 110 80
Somali 200 120 85 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,815 1,950 1,865 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 45 20 25 1,755 905 855
Arabic 3,330 1,705 1,625 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 200 100 95 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 210 115 95 165 90 80
Tigrigna 50 25 25 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,155 520 635 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 245 95 150 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 910 420 485 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,845 1,045 1,800 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 15 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 115 40 75 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 90 25 65 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 75 20 50 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,725 995 1,725 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 15 10 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 400 185 215 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 55 25 35 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 220 95 125 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 70 60 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 600 325 275 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 40 20 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 335 190 150 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 205 110 90 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 75 40 40 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 55,190 26,305 28,885 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 200 85 115 1,135 580 555
Armenian 295 145 150 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 12,885 5,940 6,950 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 285 125 155 635 310 325
Latvian 160 70 90 310 175 140
Lithuanian 125 55 65 325 135 185
Slavic languages 12,650 5,840 6,810 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 20 0 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 420 200 215 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 320 175 150 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,570 790 780 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 385 175 205 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 165 95 65 345 180 160
Polish 4,665 2,035 2,630 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,635 770 865 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,900 975 925 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 140 80 70 1,240 595 645
Slovak 340 145 195 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 375 185 190 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,945 830 1,115 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 250 120 125
Celtic languages 145 70 70 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 65 30 35 350 225 120
Welsh 25 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 685 370 320
Germanic languages 12,710 5,930 6,785 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 245 110 135 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 190 90 100 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 4,680 2,235 2,445 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 135 70 60 120 55 65
German 7,460 3,455 4,000 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 85 40 45 1,405 730 680
Swedish 155 50 105 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 30 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 10 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 75 40 30
Greek 1,095 545 545 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 4,835 2,470 2,365 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 3,910 2,000 1,915 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 265 150 120 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 750 400 350 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,630 880 750 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 10 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 10 375 185 190
Marathi 85 40 50 1,275 650 625
Nepali 75 50 25 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,080 530 555 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 65 30 40 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 70 60 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,220 600 625 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 935 475 455 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 315 160 155 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 15 15 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 635 320 315 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 24,120 11,670 12,450 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 20 20 0 245 125 120
Italian 14,425 6,935 7,490 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,590 790 805 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 695 355 340 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 8,160 3,895 4,265 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 40 25 220 130 85
Japanese 535 220 310 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 15 15 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 10 0 90 50 45
Korean 1,365 630 730 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,035 500 535 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 150 70 80 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 25 10 10 95 60 35
Ganda 15 0 15 105 60 45
Igbo 40 20 20 240 140 95
Lingala 50 35 15 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 15 30 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 210 95 115
Shona 175 80 90 265 125 140
Swahili 335 170 160 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 145 75 70 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 55 85 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 635 285 345 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 335 150 180 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 295 135 165 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,430 2,660 2,770 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 5,405 2,660 2,745 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,640 760 880 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 20 10 20 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 3,850 1,890 1,960 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 95 100 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 310 155 150 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 0 25 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 10 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 20 0 20 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 500 200 300 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 325 145 175 1,125 505 620
Thai 205 70 135 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 410 225 185 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 35 25 10 835 455 385
Turkish 300 155 140 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 55 30 20 105 50 55
Uzbek 20 10 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,125 930 1,200 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 100 40 65 495 205 295
Finnish 205 75 130 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,815 810 1,010 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 438,160 212,975 225,185 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 420,155 204,895 215,265 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 79,940 41,025 38,915 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 340,225 163,870 176,350 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 18,005 8,080 9,920 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 438,160 212,975 225,185 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 360,675 176,350 184,325 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 72,855 34,245 38,610 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 39,070 18,570 20,500 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 7,755 3,635 4,120 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 9,135 4,215 4,920 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 11,750 5,405 6,345 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 5,835 2,645 3,195 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 5,910 2,760 3,150 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,145 2,420 2,725 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,630 2,375 2,255 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 72,855 34,250 38,605 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 9,725 4,835 4,885 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 15,475 7,925 7,555 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 18,195 8,150 10,040 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 25,155 11,325 13,830 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 4,310 2,010 2,300 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 72,855 34,245 38,610 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 13,560 5,945 7,620 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 185 50 135 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,175 525 645 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 570 240 330 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 295 150 150 920 415 500
Haiti 170 60 105 265 110 160
Jamaica 975 585 390 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 730 360 370 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 160 65 95 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 685 320 365 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,015 2,295 3,715 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,605 1,280 1,325 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 42,080 20,310 21,775 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 570 260 305 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,310 710 600 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 295 125 165 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,775 1,230 1,545 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 455 270 185 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 980 460 515 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 455 220 230 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 7,925 3,980 3,945 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 3,970 2,045 1,920 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 3,020 1,295 1,730 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 695 380 320 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 750 390 360 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 575 230 345 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 630 290 340 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 890 385 505 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 13,510 6,530 6,975 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 3,275 1,500 1,770 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,980 1,505 1,480 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 85 35 50 430 270 150
Egypt 310 160 150 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 60 25 35 1,665 835 825
Kenya 195 90 105 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 65 35 30 730 385 340
Nigeria 190 95 100 1,205 630 575
Somalia 150 100 50 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 415 190 225 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,510 780 735 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 13,915 6,310 7,605 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 140 60 80 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 145 95 45 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,265 985 1,280 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 275 120 155 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,070 980 1,095 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 430 245 180 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 345 160 175 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 250 80 165 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 745 360 380 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 285 160 125 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 770 390 380 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,730 1,050 1,685 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 200 105 100 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 270 130 140 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 115 40 70 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 760 320 435 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 2,125 1,020 1,105 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 320 180 140 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,145 2,420 2,725 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,360 675 680 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 15 0 15 960 445 520
Colombia 195 85 110 465 220 240
Cuba 70 35 35 70 35 30
Haiti 55 15 40 15 0 10
Jamaica 175 110 65 160 115 45
Mexico 150 95 60 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 430 200 230 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 85 45 40 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 180 90 90 1,855 875 975
Europe 755 350 405 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 60 25 35 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 0 10 200 110 90
Romania