Census Profile, 2016 Census
Niagara, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Niagara, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Niagara, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 447,888 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 431,346 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 196,241 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 183,828 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 241.5 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,854.23 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 447,890 216,920 230,970 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 66,760 34,235 32,525 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 20,775 10,655 10,125 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 22,615 11,555 11,060 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 23,370 12,025 11,340 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 285,285 139,490 145,800 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 25,710 13,095 12,615 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 28,155 14,170 13,985 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 25,130 12,715 12,420 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 24,005 11,755 12,250 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 23,950 11,560 12,390 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 26,150 12,580 13,575 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 29,145 14,095 15,050 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 35,335 17,170 18,160 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 34,995 16,820 18,175 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 32,715 15,530 17,185 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 95,845 43,195 52,650 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 30,120 14,420 15,700 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 22,690 10,915 11,775 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 16,410 7,595 8,820 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 12,595 5,375 7,220 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 14,030 4,890 9,140 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 8,745 3,385 5,360 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 4,180 1,260 2,915 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 990 235 755 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 115 10 105 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.9 15.8 14.1 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 63.7 64.3 63.1 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 21.4 19.9 22.8 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 3.1 2.3 4.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 43.8 42.6 44.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 45.7 44.4 46.9 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 183,825 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 123,700 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,120 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 49,720 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,600 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 13,050 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,410 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 19,980 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 680 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 285 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 183,825 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 51,210 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 67,765 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 27,720 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 23,960 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,170 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 438,160 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 381,130 182,685 198,445 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 217,915 109,020 108,895 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 184,875 92,535 92,340 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 33,040 16,490 16,555 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 163,215 73,665 89,555 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 97,200 52,180 45,020 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 13,470 5,815 7,650 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 24,960 9,990 14,970 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 27,590 5,675 21,910 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 129,470 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 70,485 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 26,730 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 22,665 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,595 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 129,470 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 106,545 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 90,030 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,515 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,930 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 18,265 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 4,660 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 106,545 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 56,280 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 50,265 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 20,355 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 20,895 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 9,015 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,930 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 14,205 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 6,380 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 2,345 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 74,770 34,005 40,770 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 183,830 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 123,350 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 53,730 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 69,615 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,025 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 57,455 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 51,215 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,240 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 440,960 214,435 226,525 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 403,820 198,530 205,285 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 400 160 240 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 33,850 14,550 19,305 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 2,890 1,195 1,695 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 440,960 214,435 226,520 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 425,090 207,370 217,725 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 11,900 5,385 6,520 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 1,160 530 625 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 2,810 1,160 1,655 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,480 5,650 6,830 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.8 2.6 3.0 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 440,960 214,435 226,525 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 434,580 211,445 223,135 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 373,835 182,795 191,045 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 361,360 177,120 184,235 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 12,480 5,675 6,805 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 60,745 28,645 32,095 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 70 30 40 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 30 10 20 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 5 0 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 25 10 10 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 10 5 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 15 5 10 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 5 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,675 28,620 32,055 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,850 1,485 1,370 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 5 5 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 170 75 95 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 5 5 805 455 350
Oromo 0 5 5 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 160 75 90 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 2,675 1,405 1,270 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 55 25 30 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 2,305 1,200 1,100 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 60 35 25 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 70 40 25 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 130 70 60 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 45 20 20 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 945 435 510 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 190 80 110 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 755 355 395 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 2,230 800 1,425 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 10 5 5 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 95 30 65 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 95 40 50 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 45 15 30 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 5 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,920 690 1,235 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 230 125 110 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 30 20 15 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 170 85 85 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 480 255 230 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 15 10 5 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 285 155 135 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 145 70 75 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 40 20 25 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 44,305 21,105 23,200 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 180 85 95 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 230 105 125 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 11,475 5,180 6,300 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 265 110 160 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 120 50 70 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 145 55 85 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 11,210 5,070 6,140 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 15 5 10 810 385 430
Bosnian 200 105 90 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 325 155 170 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 1,125 555 575 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 320 150 165 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 100 55 50 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 3,890 1,680 2,205 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 1,150 490 660 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,455 725 730 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 135 60 80 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 445 195 245 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 385 160 215 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 1,635 715 920 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 30 20 10 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10 1,090 540 550
Welsh 10 10 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 10,710 4,990 5,730 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 120 55 65 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 160 70 90 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 4,125 1,960 2,160 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 85 45 40 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 6,040 2,780 3,260 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 5 0 5 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 30 15 15 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 80 20 55 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 15 10 10 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 525 280 240
Greek 840 415 415 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 3,880 1,995 1,885 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 3,130 1,615 1,520 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 175 95 85 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 600 315 290 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 465 265 195 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 5 5 0 565 300 265
Konkani 5 5 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 50 30 25 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 45 25 20 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 685 315 365 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 30 20 15 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 35 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 985 505 485 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 710 360 345 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 210 105 105 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 50 25 20 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 450 235 220 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 16,955 8,310 8,640 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 5 5 0 865 440 425
Italian 10,735 5,255 5,480 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 1,080 525 555 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 465 220 240 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 4,645 2,295 2,355 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 720 380 340
Japanese 335 105 230 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 10 10 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 1,290 605 685 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 545 260 280 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 80 50 30 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 5 5 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 5 5 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 10 0 5 920 445 470
Ganda 5 5 5 1,295 625 665
Igbo 15 10 5 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 10 5 10 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 120 50 70 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 100 45 55 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 55 30 25 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 10 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 5 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 85 45 45 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 45 20 20 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 15 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,665 2,130 2,535 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 4,635 2,115 2,520 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 1,260 585 670 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 20 5 5 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 2,930 1,315 1,615 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 5 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 40 50 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 30 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 145 150 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 10 20 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 5 0 5 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 10 0 5 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 20 10 10 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 335 145 190 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 255 125 125 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 85 20 60 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 355 200 155 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 310 170 135 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 10 5 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 5 5 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 1,965 895 1,075 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 130 55 70 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 145 65 80 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 1,695 770 925 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 6,380 3,000 3,385 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 1,715 800 920 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 4,335 2,045 2,295 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 185 85 100 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 145 75 70 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 440,965 214,435 226,525 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 429,210 209,040 220,165 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 406,705 198,500 208,205 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 403,190 196,995 206,195 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 3,510 1,505 2,005 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 22,505 10,540 11,960 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 10 0 5 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 22,495 10,540 11,955 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,445 700 740 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 115 50 65 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 5 0 5 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 105 50 60 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 1,330 650 680 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 10 5 5 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 1,225 590 630 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 25 15 10 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 15 5 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 25 15 10 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 555 260 295 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 35 45 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 480 230 250 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 860 375 485 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 30 15 15 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 35 20 20 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 10 0 10 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 765 330 435 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 130 65 70 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 95 40 55 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 175 85 95 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 5 0 5 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 125 60 60 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 45 25 20 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 5 5 0 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 13,985 6,525 7,465 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 75 40 40 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 70 30 40 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 4,195 1,945 2,245 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 55 20 35 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 20 5 15 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 35 10 20 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 4,140 1,930 2,215 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 5 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 130 70 65 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 170 80 90 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 335 150 185 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 70 35 40 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 40 25 20 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 1,425 645 780 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 640 310 330 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 750 370 380 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 90 45 50 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 40 45 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 345 150 195 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 670 310 360
Celtic languages 5 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 5 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 80 50 30
Germanic languages 1,235 585 650 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 50 20 25 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 10 10 0 855 410 445
Dutch 170 70 100 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 10 5 5 185 95 90
German 985 465 515 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 10 5 5 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 290 140 150 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 2,040 1,015 1,025 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 1,680 845 840 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 95 50 45 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 370 190 175 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 235 125 105 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 20 10 10 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 35 15 20 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 375 170 205 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 15 10 5 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 515 255 260 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 355 165 190 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 115 55 65 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 20 10 10 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 220 105 115 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 6,075 2,770 3,305 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 5 0 355 165 190
Italian 2,885 1,165 1,720 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 315 140 170 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 195 95 105 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 2,675 1,365 1,310 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 150 70 80 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 935 445 495 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 130 55 75 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 10 0 5 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 5 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 0 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 5 5 5 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 1,530 670 865
Shona 40 20 20 1,035 475 560
Swahili 40 15 25 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 5 0 5 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 115 60 50 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 40 20 20 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 40 35 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,195 1,515 1,685 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 3,175 1,505 1,670 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 750 355 395 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 5 5 5 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 2,180 1,020 1,160 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 20 20 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 15 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 95 80 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 5 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 15 5 5 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 165 80 90 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 145 65 75 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 20 10 10 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 175 95 80 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 1,245 640 610
Turkish 155 85 70 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 5 0 5 610 315 290
Uzbek 5 5 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 455 205 255 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 10 10 10 975 365 610
Finnish 20 15 10 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 420 185 240 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 11,750 5,395 6,360 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 1,105 455 650 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 10,380 4,825 5,560 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 65 30 35 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 205 90 115 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 440,960 214,440 226,525 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 402,535 196,765 205,770 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 11,695 5,520 6,175 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 6,825 2,900 3,925 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 19,375 9,005 10,370 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 110 50 55 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 19,265 8,955 10,310 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 85 40 45 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 165 80 85 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 270 115 150 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 371,555 178,820 192,735 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 359,275 173,200 186,075 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,601 38,614 26,446 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 359,405 173,215 186,190 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,021 34,849 24,690 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 320,270 157,655 162,615 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,425 35,813 22,598 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 272,125 122,360 149,765 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,222 6,802 7,427 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 255,855 132,225 123,625 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,595 33,822 24,788 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 371,560 178,820 192,735 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 359,420 173,265 186,150 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,858 49,413 34,827 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 359,550 173,280 186,270 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,535 41,163 30,300 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 320,335 157,440 162,885 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,739 47,934 31,817 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 272,600 122,835 149,760 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,493 8,260 8,685 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 255,855 132,140 123,715 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,915 44,749 32,684 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 371,555 178,825 192,730 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 115,535 64,885 50,650 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,770 55,639 43,517 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,824 65,375 50,431 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.7 88.4 79.9 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.3 69.4 62.1 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.3 11.6 20.1 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 371,555 178,825 192,735 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 12,280 5,620 6,655 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 359,275 173,200 186,075 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.9 96.5 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 48,410 20,280 28,120 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 66,370 25,230 41,145 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 56,950 22,575 34,370 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 45,685 21,415 24,270 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 37,865 18,970 18,900 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 28,255 15,760 12,500 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 19,830 11,985 7,845 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 14,105 8,895 5,215 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 10,650 6,870 3,780 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 9,330 5,550 3,780 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 21,810 15,675 6,140 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 15,605 10,935 4,670 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 6,210 4,740 1,465 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 371,555 178,825 192,735 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 12,155 5,610 6,545 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 359,400 173,215 186,190 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.9 96.6 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 50,195 20,615 29,585 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 69,500 26,515 42,990 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 65,605 26,775 38,830 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 52,905 25,825 27,075 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 41,440 22,160 19,275 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 26,565 15,945 10,620 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 17,595 11,335 6,260 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 13,365 8,335 5,030 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 22,235 15,720 6,515 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 8,230 5,345 2,885 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 4,405 3,180 1,225 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 9,600 7,195 2,410 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 371,555 178,825 192,735 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 115,705 46,600 69,105 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 255,855 132,225 123,630 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 68.9 73.9 64.1 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 42,675 22,975 19,700 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 22,020 9,610 12,405 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 36,730 15,675 21,055 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 30,625 13,125 17,495 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 26,695 12,040 14,655 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 23,335 11,200 12,130 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 18,330 10,545 7,785 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 13,005 8,155 4,855 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 9,895 6,455 3,440 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 32,545 22,445 10,100 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 8,105 5,260 2,845 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 8,145 4,710 3,435 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 16,295 12,480 3,820 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 183,830 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,086 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,235 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 51,210 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,201 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,584 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 132,610 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,141 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,914 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 183,825 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,842 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,503 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 51,150 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,213 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,304 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 132,680 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,505 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,687 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 183,830 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,365 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,240 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,420 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,295 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,835 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,950 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,555 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,780 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,720 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,515 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,800 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,160 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,730 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,275 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,965 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 51,225 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,550 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,005 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,270 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,395 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 183,830 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,500 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,300 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,475 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,690 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,885 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,980 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,695 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,135 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,265 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,870 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,145 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,210 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,170 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,885 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,760 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 36,855 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,585 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,230 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,035 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 128,055 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,433 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,105 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 52,540 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,564 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,378 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 50,880 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,901 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,573 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,325 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,760 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,684 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 127,975 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,007 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,993 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 52,385 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,493 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,270 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 50,980 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,945 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,430 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,240 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,051 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,472 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,105 30,435 35,665 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,906 31,480 27,393 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,864 28,771 25,737 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,075 30,355 35,715 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,870 40,537 35,603 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,623 34,247 31,243 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 438,160 212,975 225,190 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 229,815 107,995 121,820 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 42,440 20,020 22,415 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 46,140 20,165 25,980 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 47,585 22,085 25,505 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 46,370 22,420 23,950 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 47,275 23,300 23,980 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 208,350 104,980 103,365 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 45,880 22,785 23,090 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 45,245 22,620 22,625 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 43,180 21,800 21,380 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 41,635 21,210 20,425 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 32,410 16,565 15,840 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 438,160 212,975 225,185 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 81,615 41,815 39,800 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 25,010 12,845 12,170 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 267,650 130,175 137,480 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 88,895 40,985 47,905 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 63,405 28,630 34,775 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 15,620 8,050 7,570 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 5,265 2,700 2,565 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 38,170 17,270 20,900 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 9,615 3,310 6,305 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.5 13.4 15.4 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 19.1 19.3 19.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.1 21.0 21.1 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.3 15.2 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 10.8 8.1 13.2 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 32,305 15,510 16,795 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 6,805 3,505 3,300 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 2,285 1,145 1,140 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 23,615 11,265 12,350 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 1,890 740 1,145 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.4 7.3 7.5 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.4 8.3 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 8.9 9.4 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 8.7 9.0 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.8 2.4 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 438,160 212,970 225,185 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 435,385 211,850 223,540 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 435,015 211,700 223,310 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 34,030 14,645 19,380 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 74,885 35,395 39,485 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 145 70 75 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 50 25 25 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 10 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 25 15 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 10 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 40 20 15 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 10 10 10 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 65 20 40 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 20 10 15 125 40 85
Mohawk 40 10 25 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 10 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 74,745 35,325 39,420 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,020 2,060 1,960 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 15 10 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 225 125 95 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 10 1,085 625 470
Oromo 10 0 10 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 200 120 85 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 480 220 265
Semitic languages 3,815 1,950 1,865 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 45 20 25 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 3,330 1,705 1,625 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 200 100 95 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 210 115 95 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 50 25 25 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,155 520 635 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 245 95 150 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 910 420 485 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 2,845 1,045 1,800 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 25 15 10 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 115 40 75 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 10 0 10 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 90 25 65 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 75 20 50 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,725 995 1,725 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 15 10 10 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 400 185 215 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 55 25 35 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 220 95 125 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 70 60 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 600 325 275 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 40 20 20 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 335 190 150 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 205 110 90 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 75 40 40 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 55,190 26,305 28,885 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 200 85 115 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 295 145 150 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 12,885 5,940 6,950 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 285 125 155 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 160 70 90 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 125 55 65 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 12,650 5,840 6,810 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 20 0 10 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 420 200 215 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 320 175 150 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 1,570 790 780 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 385 175 205 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 165 95 65 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 4,665 2,035 2,630 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 1,635 770 865 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 1,900 975 925 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 140 80 70 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 340 145 195 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 375 185 190 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 1,945 830 1,115 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 145 70 70 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 65 30 35 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 25 10 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 12,710 5,930 6,785 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 245 110 135 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 190 90 100 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 4,680 2,235 2,445 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 135 70 60 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 7,460 3,455 4,000 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 85 40 45 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 155 50 105 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 30 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 10 10 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 1,095 545 545 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 4,835 2,470 2,365 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 3,910 2,000 1,915 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 265 150 120 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 750 400 350 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 1,630 880 750 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 10 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 10 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 85 40 50 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 75 50 25 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 15 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,080 530 555 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 65 30 40 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 70 60 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 1,220 600 625 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 935 475 455 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 315 160 155 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 15 15 10 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 635 320 315 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 24,120 11,670 12,450 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 20 20 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 14,425 6,935 7,490 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 1,590 790 805 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 695 355 340 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 8,160 3,895 4,265 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 40 25 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 535 220 310 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 15 15 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 10 10 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 1,365 630 730 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 1,035 500 535 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 150 70 80 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 0 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 25 10 10 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 15 0 15 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 40 20 20 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 50 35 15 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 15 30 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 175 80 90 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 335 170 160 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 10 10 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 145 75 70 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 55 85 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 635 285 345 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 335 150 180 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 295 135 165 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,430 2,660 2,770 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 5,405 2,660 2,745 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 1,640 760 880 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 20 10 20 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 3,850 1,890 1,960 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 95 100 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 310 155 150 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 0 25 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 10 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 20 0 20 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 500 200 300 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 325 145 175 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 205 70 135 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 410 225 185 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 35 25 10 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 300 155 140 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 55 30 20 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 20 10 10 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 2,125 930 1,200 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 100 40 65 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 205 75 130 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 1,815 810 1,010 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 438,160 212,975 225,185 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 420,155 204,895 215,265 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 79,940 41,025 38,915 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 340,225 163,870 176,350 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 18,005 8,080 9,920 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 438,160 212,975 225,185 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 360,675 176,350 184,325 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 72,855 34,245 38,610 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 39,070 18,570 20,500 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 7,755 3,635 4,120 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 9,135 4,215 4,920 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 11,750 5,405 6,345 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 5,835 2,645 3,195 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 5,910 2,760 3,150 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,145 2,420 2,725 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,630 2,375 2,255 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 72,855 34,250 38,605 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 9,725 4,835 4,885 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 15,475 7,925 7,555 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 18,195 8,150 10,040 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 25,155 11,325 13,830 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 4,310 2,010 2,300 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 72,855 34,245 38,610 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 13,560 5,945 7,620 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 185 50 135 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 1,175 525 645 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 570 240 330 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 295 150 150 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 170 60 105 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 975 585 390 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 730 360 370 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 160 65 95 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 685 320 365 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,015 2,295 3,715 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 2,605 1,280 1,325 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 42,080 20,310 21,775 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 570 260 305 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 1,310 710 600 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 295 125 165 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 2,775 1,230 1,545 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 455 270 185 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 980 460 515 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 455 220 230 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 7,925 3,980 3,945 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 3,970 2,045 1,920 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 3,020 1,295 1,730 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 695 380 320 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 750 390 360 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 575 230 345 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 630 290 340 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 890 385 505 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 13,510 6,530 6,975 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 3,275 1,500 1,770 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 2,980 1,505 1,480 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 85 35 50 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 310 160 150 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 60 25 35 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 195 90 105 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 65 35 30 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 190 95 100 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 150 100 50 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 415 190 225 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 1,510 780 735 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 13,915 6,310 7,605 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 140 60 80 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 145 95 45 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,265 985 1,280 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 275 120 155 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 2,070 980 1,095 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 430 245 180 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 345 160 175 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 250 80 165 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 745 360 380 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 285 160 125 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 770 390 380 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 2,730 1,050 1,685 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 200 105 100 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 270 130 140 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 115 40 70 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 760 320 435 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 2,125 1,020 1,105 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 320 180 140 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,145 2,420 2,725 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 1,360 675 680 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 15 0 15 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 195 85 110 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 70 35 35 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 55 15 40 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 175 110 65 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 150 95 60 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 430 200 230 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 85 45 40 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 180 90 90 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 755 350 405 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 0 0 0 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 60 25 35 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66