Census Profile, 2016 Census
Niagara, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Niagara, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Niagara, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 447,888 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 431,346 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.8 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 196,241 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 183,828 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 241.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,854.23 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 447,890 216,920 230,970 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 66,760 34,235 32,525 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 20,775 10,655 10,125 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 22,615 11,555 11,060 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 23,370 12,025 11,340 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 285,285 139,490 145,800 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 25,710 13,095 12,615 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 28,155 14,170 13,985 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 25,130 12,715 12,420 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 24,005 11,755 12,250 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 23,950 11,560 12,390 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 26,150 12,580 13,575 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 29,145 14,095 15,050 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 35,335 17,170 18,160 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 34,995 16,820 18,175 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 32,715 15,530 17,185 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 95,845 43,195 52,650 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 30,120 14,420 15,700 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 22,690 10,915 11,775 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 16,410 7,595 8,820 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 12,595 5,375 7,220 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 14,030 4,890 9,140 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 8,745 3,385 5,360 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 4,180 1,260 2,915 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 990 235 755 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 115 10 105 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.9 15.8 14.1 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.7 64.3 63.1 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 21.4 19.9 22.8 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.1 2.3 4.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.8 42.6 44.9 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.7 44.4 46.9 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 183,825 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 123,700 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,120 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 49,720 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,600 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 13,050 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,410 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 19,980 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 680 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 285 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 183,825 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 51,210 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 67,765 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 27,720 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 23,960 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,170 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 438,160 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 381,130 182,685 198,445 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 217,915 109,020 108,895 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 184,875 92,535 92,340 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 33,040 16,490 16,555 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 163,215 73,665 89,555 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 97,200 52,180 45,020 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 13,470 5,815 7,650 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 24,960 9,990 14,970 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 27,590 5,675 21,910 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 129,470 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 70,485 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 26,730 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 22,665 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,595 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 129,470 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 106,545 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 90,030 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,515 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,930 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 18,265 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 4,660 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 106,545 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 56,280 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 50,265 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 20,355 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 20,895 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 9,015 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,930 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 14,205 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 6,380 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,345 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 74,770 34,005 40,770 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 183,830 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 123,350 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 53,730 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 69,615 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,025 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 57,455 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 51,215 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,240 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 440,960 214,435 226,525 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 403,820 198,530 205,285 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 400 160 240 1,810 820 985
English and French 33,850 14,550 19,305 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 2,890 1,195 1,695 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 440,960 214,435 226,520 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 425,090 207,370 217,725 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 11,900 5,385 6,520 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,160 530 625 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 2,810 1,160 1,655 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,480 5,650 6,830 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.8 2.6 3.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 440,960 214,435 226,525 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 434,580 211,445 223,135 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 373,835 182,795 191,045 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 361,360 177,120 184,235 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 12,480 5,675 6,805 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 60,745 28,645 32,095 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 70 30 40 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 30 10 20 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 25 10 10 15 10 5
Cayuga 10 5 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 5 10 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 5 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,675 28,620 32,055 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,850 1,485 1,370 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 170 75 95 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 5 5 5 0 0
Oromo 0 5 5 205 115 95
Somali 160 75 90 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 2,675 1,405 1,270 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 55 25 30 1,370 670 700
Arabic 2,305 1,200 1,100 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 60 35 25 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 70 40 25 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 130 70 60 215 100 115
Tigrigna 45 20 20 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 945 435 510 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 190 80 110 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 755 355 395 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,230 800 1,425 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 95 30 65 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 95 40 50 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 45 15 30 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,920 690 1,235 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 230 125 110 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 30 20 15 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 170 85 85 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 480 255 230 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 15 10 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 285 155 135 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 145 70 75 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 40 20 25 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 44,305 21,105 23,200 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 180 85 95 1,465 765 705
Armenian 230 105 125 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 11,475 5,180 6,300 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 265 110 160 1,070 485 585
Latvian 120 50 70 565 255 300
Lithuanian 145 55 85 505 225 280
Slavic languages 11,210 5,070 6,140 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 15 5 10 95 45 50
Bosnian 200 105 90 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 325 155 170 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,125 555 575 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 320 150 165 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 100 55 50 325 160 165
Polish 3,890 1,680 2,205 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,150 490 660 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 1,455 725 730 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 135 60 80 1,395 670 725
Slovak 445 195 245 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 385 160 215 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 1,635 715 920 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 345 175 170
Celtic languages 30 20 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10 240 130 110
Welsh 10 10 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 10,710 4,990 5,730 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 120 55 65 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 160 70 90 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 4,125 1,960 2,160 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 85 45 40 295 145 145
German 6,040 2,780 3,260 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 30 15 15 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 80 20 55 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 445 220 225
Yiddish 15 10 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 840 415 415 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 3,880 1,995 1,885 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 3,130 1,615 1,520 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 175 95 85 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 600 315 290 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 465 265 195 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 5 0 255 130 125
Marathi 50 30 25 620 325 295
Nepali 45 25 20 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 685 315 365 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 30 20 15 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 35 1,675 845 830
Urdu 985 505 485 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 710 360 345 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 210 105 105 1,765 945 825
Pashto 50 25 20 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 450 235 220 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 16,955 8,310 8,640 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 5 0 160 85 75
Italian 10,735 5,255 5,480 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 1,080 525 555 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 465 220 240 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 4,645 2,295 2,355 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 105 65 40
Japanese 335 105 230 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 85 50 35
Georgian 10 10 0 85 50 40
Korean 1,290 605 685 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 545 260 280 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 80 50 30 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 10 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 5 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 15 10 5 245 145 105
Lingala 10 5 10 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 120 50 70 215 100 115
Swahili 100 45 55 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 55 30 25 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 10 340 175 165
Dinka 5 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 85 45 45 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 45 20 20 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 15 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,665 2,130 2,535 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 4,635 2,115 2,520 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,260 585 670 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 20 5 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 2,930 1,315 1,615 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 40 50 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 30 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 145 150 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 10 20 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 10 0 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 20 10 10 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 335 145 190 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 255 125 125 1,100 550 550
Thai 85 20 60 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 355 200 155 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 530 290 235
Turkish 310 170 135 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 10 5 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,965 895 1,075 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 130 55 70 705 295 410
Finnish 145 65 80 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,695 770 925 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 6,380 3,000 3,385 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,715 800 920 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 4,335 2,045 2,295 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 185 85 100 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 145 75 70 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 440,965 214,435 226,525 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 429,210 209,040 220,165 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 406,705 198,500 208,205 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 403,190 196,995 206,195 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,510 1,505 2,005 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 22,505 10,540 11,960 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 10 0 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 22,495 10,540 11,955 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,445 700 740 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 115 50 65 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 90 50 45
Somali 105 50 60 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,330 650 680 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 10 5 5 600 275 320
Arabic 1,225 590 630 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 25 15 10 900 465 440
Maltese 15 5 5 15 5 10
Tigrigna 25 15 10 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 555 260 295 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 35 45 800 375 420
Vietnamese 480 230 250 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 860 375 485 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 30 15 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 35 20 20 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 10 0 10 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 765 330 435 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 130 65 70 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 95 40 55 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 175 85 95 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 0 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 125 60 60 1,225 615 605
Tamil 45 25 20 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 5 5 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 13,985 6,525 7,465 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 75 40 40 695 335 360
Armenian 70 30 40 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 4,195 1,945 2,245 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 55 20 35 210 90 115
Latvian 20 5 15 80 30 50
Lithuanian 35 10 20 125 60 65
Slavic languages 4,140 1,930 2,215 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 130 70 65 595 300 300
Bulgarian 170 80 90 1,035 485 550
Croatian 335 150 185 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 70 35 40 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 40 25 20 150 75 75
Polish 1,425 645 780 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 640 310 330 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 750 370 380 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20 500 235 265
Slovak 90 45 50 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 40 45 145 65 85
Ukrainian 345 150 195 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 5
Germanic languages 1,235 585 650 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 50 20 25 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 10 0 305 145 160
Dutch 170 70 100 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 10 5 5 10 5 5
German 985 465 515 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 10 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 5
Greek 290 140 150 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 2,040 1,015 1,025 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,680 845 840 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 95 50 45 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 370 190 175 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 235 125 105 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 20 10 10 270 140 130
Nepali 35 15 20 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 375 170 205 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 15 10 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 675 330 340
Urdu 515 255 260 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 355 165 190 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 115 55 65 1,080 540 535
Pashto 20 10 10 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 220 105 115 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 6,075 2,770 3,305 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 5 0 65 35 35
Italian 2,885 1,165 1,720 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 315 140 170 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 195 95 105 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 2,675 1,365 1,310 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 150 70 80 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 935 445 495 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 130 55 75 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 10 0 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 5 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 5 5 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 40 20 20 65 25 40
Swahili 40 15 25 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 115 60 50 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 40 20 20 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 40 35 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,195 1,515 1,685 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 3,175 1,505 1,670 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 750 355 395 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 5 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 2,180 1,020 1,160 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 20 20 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 15 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 95 80 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 5 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 15 5 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 165 80 90 1,380 595 785
Lao 145 65 75 460 225 235
Thai 20 10 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 175 95 80 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 195 105 95
Turkish 155 85 70 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 5 0 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 455 205 255 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 10 10 95 40 55
Finnish 20 15 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 420 185 240 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 11,750 5,395 6,360 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,105 455 650 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 10,380 4,825 5,560 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 65 30 35 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 205 90 115 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 440,960 214,440 226,525 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 402,535 196,765 205,770 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 11,695 5,520 6,175 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 6,825 2,900 3,925 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 19,375 9,005 10,370 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 110 50 55 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 19,265 8,955 10,310 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 85 40 45 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 165 80 85 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 270 115 150 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 371,555 178,820 192,735 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 359,275 173,200 186,075 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,601 38,614 26,446 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 359,405 173,215 186,190 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,021 34,849 24,690 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 320,270 157,655 162,615 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,425 35,813 22,598 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 272,125 122,360 149,765 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,222 6,802 7,427 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 255,855 132,225 123,625 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,595 33,822 24,788 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 371,560 178,820 192,735 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 359,420 173,265 186,150 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,858 49,413 34,827 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 359,550 173,280 186,270 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,535 41,163 30,300 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 320,335 157,440 162,885 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,739 47,934 31,817 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 272,600 122,835 149,760 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,493 8,260 8,685 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 255,855 132,140 123,715 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,915 44,749 32,684 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 371,555 178,825 192,730 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 115,535 64,885 50,650 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,770 55,639 43,517 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,824 65,375 50,431 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.7 88.4 79.9 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.3 69.4 62.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.3 11.6 20.1 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 371,555 178,825 192,735 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 12,280 5,620 6,655 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 359,275 173,200 186,075 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.9 96.5 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 48,410 20,280 28,120 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 66,370 25,230 41,145 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 56,950 22,575 34,370 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 45,685 21,415 24,270 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 37,865 18,970 18,900 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 28,255 15,760 12,500 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 19,830 11,985 7,845 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 14,105 8,895 5,215 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 10,650 6,870 3,780 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 9,330 5,550 3,780 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 21,810 15,675 6,140 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 15,605 10,935 4,670 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 6,210 4,740 1,465 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 371,555 178,825 192,735 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 12,155 5,610 6,545 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 359,400 173,215 186,190 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.9 96.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 50,195 20,615 29,585 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 69,500 26,515 42,990 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 65,605 26,775 38,830 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 52,905 25,825 27,075 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 41,440 22,160 19,275 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 26,565 15,945 10,620 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 17,595 11,335 6,260 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 13,365 8,335 5,030 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 22,235 15,720 6,515 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 8,230 5,345 2,885 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 4,405 3,180 1,225 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 9,600 7,195 2,410 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 371,555 178,825 192,735 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 115,705 46,600 69,105 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 255,855 132,225 123,630 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.9 73.9 64.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 42,675 22,975 19,700 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 22,020 9,610 12,405 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 36,730 15,675 21,055 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 30,625 13,125 17,495 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 26,695 12,040 14,655 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 23,335 11,200 12,130 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 18,330 10,545 7,785 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 13,005 8,155 4,855 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 9,895 6,455 3,440 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 32,545 22,445 10,100 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 8,105 5,260 2,845 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 8,145 4,710 3,435 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 16,295 12,480 3,820 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 183,830 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,086 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,235 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 51,210 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,201 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,584 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 132,610 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,141 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,914 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 183,825 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,842 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,503 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 51,150 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,213 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,304 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 132,680 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,505 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,687 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 183,830 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,365 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,240 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,420 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,295 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,835 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,950 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,555 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,780 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,720 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,515 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,800 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,160 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,730 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,275 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,965 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 51,225 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,550 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,005 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,270 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,395 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 183,830 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,500 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,300 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,475 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,690 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,885 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,980 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,695 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,135 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,265 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,870 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,145 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,210 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,170 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,885 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,760 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 36,855 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,585 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,230 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,035 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 128,055 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,433 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,105 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 52,540 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,564 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,378 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 50,880 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,901 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,573 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,325 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,760 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,684 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 127,975 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,007 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,993 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 52,385 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,493 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,270 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 50,980 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,945 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,430 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,240 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,051 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,472 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,105 30,435 35,665 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,906 31,480 27,393 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,864 28,771 25,737 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,075 30,355 35,715 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,870 40,537 35,603 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,623 34,247 31,243 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 438,160 212,975 225,190 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 229,815 107,995 121,820 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 42,440 20,020 22,415 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 46,140 20,165 25,980 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 47,585 22,085 25,505 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 46,370 22,420 23,950 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 47,275 23,300 23,980 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 208,350 104,980 103,365 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 45,880 22,785 23,090 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 45,245 22,620 22,625 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 43,180 21,800 21,380 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 41,635 21,210 20,425 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 32,410 16,565 15,840 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 438,160 212,975 225,185 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 81,615 41,815 39,800 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 25,010 12,845 12,170 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 267,650 130,175 137,480 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 88,895 40,985 47,905 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 63,405 28,630 34,775 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 15,620 8,050 7,570 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 5,265 2,700 2,565 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 38,170 17,270 20,900 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 9,615 3,310 6,305 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.5 13.4 15.4 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 19.1 19.3 19.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 21.1 21.0 21.1 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.3 15.2 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.8 8.1 13.2 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 32,305 15,510 16,795 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 6,805 3,505 3,300 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 2,285 1,145 1,140 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 23,615 11,265 12,350 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,890 740 1,145 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.4 7.3 7.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.4 8.3 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 8.9 9.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 8.7 9.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.8 2.4 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 438,160 212,970 225,185 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 435,385 211,850 223,540 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 435,015 211,700 223,310 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 34,030 14,645 19,380 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 74,885 35,395 39,485 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 145 70 75 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 50 25 25 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 10 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 25 15 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 40 20 15 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 10 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 65 20 40 30 10 15
Cayuga 20 10 15 0 0 0
Mohawk 40 10 25 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 10 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 74,745 35,325 39,420 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,020 2,060 1,960 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 15 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 225 125 95 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 10 20 10 15
Oromo 10 0 10 245 140 110
Somali 200 120 85 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,815 1,950 1,865 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 45 20 25 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 3,330 1,705 1,625 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 200 100 95 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 210 115 95 315 155 155
Tigrigna 50 25 25 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,155 520 635 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 245 95 150 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 910 420 485 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,845 1,045 1,800 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 25 15 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 115 40 75 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 90 25 65 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 75 20 50 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,725 995 1,725 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 15 10 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 400 185 215 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 55 25 35 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 220 95 125 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 70 60 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 600 325 275 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 40 20 20 510 250 265
Malayalam 335 190 150 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 205 110 90 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 75 40 40 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 55,190 26,305 28,885 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 200 85 115 1,640 840 795
Armenian 295 145 150 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 12,885 5,940 6,950 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 285 125 155 1,030 515 520
Latvian 160 70 90 555 290 265
Lithuanian 125 55 65 475 220 250
Slavic languages 12,650 5,840 6,810 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 20 0 10 245 115 125
Bosnian 420 200 215 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 320 175 150 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,570 790 780 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 385 175 205 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 165 95 65 400 220 185
Polish 4,665 2,035 2,630 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,635 770 865 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 1,900 975 925 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 140 80 70 1,525 770 750
Slovak 340 145 195 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 375 185 190 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,945 830 1,115 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 420 215 205
Celtic languages 145 70 70 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 65 30 35 660 395 265
Welsh 25 10 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 860 450 410
Germanic languages 12,710 5,930 6,785 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 245 110 135 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 190 90 100 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 4,680 2,235 2,445 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 135 70 60 465 230 240
German 7,460 3,455 4,000 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 85 40 45 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 155 50 105 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 30 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 10 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 155 95 60
Greek 1,095 545 545 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 4,835 2,470 2,365 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 3,910 2,000 1,915 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 265 150 120 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 750 400 350 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 1,630 880 750 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 10 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 10 415 215 200
Marathi 85 40 50 1,475 780 695
Nepali 75 50 25 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,080 530 555 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 65 30 40 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 70 60 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 1,220 600 625 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 935 475 455 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 315 160 155 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 15 15 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 635 320 315 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 24,120 11,670 12,450 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 20 20 0 395 210 180
Italian 14,425 6,935 7,490 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,590 790 805 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 695 355 340 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 8,160 3,895 4,265 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 40 25 380 245 140
Japanese 535 220 310 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 15 15 0 115 55 60
Georgian 10 10 0 115 55 55
Korean 1,365 630 730 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,035 500 535 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 150 70 80 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 25 10 10 150 95 50
Ganda 15 0 15 165 80 85
Igbo 40 20 20 425 240 185
Lingala 50 35 15 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 15 30 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 290 125 165
Shona 175 80 90 415 220 195
Swahili 335 170 160 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 10 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 145 75 70 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 55 85 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 635 285 345 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 335 150 180 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 295 135 165 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,430 2,660 2,770 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 5,405 2,660 2,745 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,640 760 880 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 20 10 20 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 3,850 1,890 1,960 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 95 100 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 310 155 150 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 0 25 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 10 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 20 0 20 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 500 200 300 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 325 145 175 1,630 735 890
Thai 205 70 135 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 410 225 185 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 35 25 10 945 510 435
Turkish 300 155 140 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 55 30 20 115 60 55
Uzbek 20 10 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,125 930 1,200 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 100 40 65 780 350 425
Finnish 205 75 130 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,815 810 1,010 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 438,160 212,975 225,185 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 420,155 204,895 215,265 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 79,940 41,025 38,915 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 340,225 163,870 176,350 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 18,005 8,080 9,920 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 438,160 212,975 225,185 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 360,675 176,350 184,325 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 72,855 34,245 38,610 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 39,070 18,570 20,500 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 7,755 3,635 4,120 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 9,135 4,215 4,920 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 11,750 5,405 6,345 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 5,835 2,645 3,195 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 5,910 2,760 3,150 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,145 2,420 2,725 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,630 2,375 2,255 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 72,855 34,250 38,605 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 9,725 4,835 4,885 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 15,475 7,925 7,555 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 18,195 8,150 10,040 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 25,155 11,325 13,830 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 4,310 2,010 2,300 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 72,855 34,245 38,610 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 13,560 5,945 7,620 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 185 50 135 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 1,175 525 645 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 570 240 330 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 295 150 150 1,305 600 710
Haiti 170 60 105 570 250 315
Jamaica 975 585 390 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 730 360 370 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 160 65 95 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 685 320 365 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,015 2,295 3,715 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 2,605 1,280 1,325 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 42,080 20,310 21,775 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 570 260 305 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,310 710 600 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 295 125 165 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 2,775 1,230 1,545 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 455 270 185 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 980 460 515 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 455 220 230 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 7,925 3,980 3,945 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 3,970 2,045 1,920 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 3,020 1,295 1,730 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 695 380 320 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 750 390 360 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 575 230 345 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 630 290 340 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 890 385 505 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 13,510 6,530 6,975 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 3,275 1,500 1,770 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,980 1,505 1,480 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 85 35 50 485 310 175
Egypt 310 160 150 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 60 25 35 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 195 90 105 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 65 35 30 985 535 455
Nigeria 190 95 100 1,740 925 815
Somalia 150 100 50 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 415 190 225 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,510 780 735 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 13,915 6,310 7,605 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 140 60 80 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 145 95 45 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,265 985 1,280 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 275 120 155 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 2,070 980 1,095 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 430 245 180 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 345 160 175 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 250 80 165 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 745 360 380 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 285 160 125 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 770 390 380 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,730 1,050 1,685 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 200 105 100 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 270 130 140 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 115 40 70 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 760 320 435 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 2,125 1,020 1,105 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 320 180 140 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,145 2,420 2,725 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,360 675 680 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 15 0 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 195 85 110 580 250 325
Cuba 70 35 35 140 60 80
Haiti 55 15 40 35 35 10
Jamaica 175 110 65 625 355 265
Mexico 150 95 60 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 430 200 230 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 85 45 40 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 180 90 90 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 755 350 405 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 60 25 35 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 0 10 245 120 125
Romania 70 40 30 690 310 380