Census Profile, 2016 Census
Haldimand-Norfolk, Census division [Census division], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Haldimand-Norfolk, CDR
Ontario
[Census division]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Haldimand-Norfolk, Census division [Census division], Ontario  Map : Haldimand-Norfolk, Census division [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 109,787 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 109,118 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.6 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 48,249 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,559 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 37.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,894.76 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 109,790 54,590 55,195 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 17,455 8,985 8,470 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 5,640 2,855 2,785 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 5,785 2,980 2,805 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 6,035 3,155 2,875 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 69,645 34,755 34,895 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 6,575 3,275 3,295 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 6,305 3,300 3,005 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 5,580 2,840 2,740 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 5,645 2,840 2,805 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 5,455 2,740 2,715 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 5,910 2,950 2,960 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 6,925 3,400 3,520 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 8,820 4,355 4,470 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 9,380 4,645 4,735 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 9,045 4,405 4,640 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 22,685 10,855 11,835 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 7,765 3,930 3,830 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 5,690 2,775 2,915 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,840 1,935 1,910 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,685 1,215 1,470 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,700 1,000 1,705 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,745 695 1,055 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 770 250 520 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 170 50 125 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 5 10 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.9 16.5 15.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.4 63.7 63.2 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 20.7 19.9 21.4 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.5 1.8 3.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.5 42.8 44.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 46.5 45.5 47.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 43,555 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 36,520 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 410 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 6,410 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,220 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,415 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 925 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,745 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 110 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 220 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 43,560 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 10,550 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 17,410 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 6,310 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 5,620 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,670 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,590 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 92,330 45,600 46,730 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 57,860 29,090 28,770 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 49,090 24,710 24,380 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 8,775 4,385 4,390 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 34,465 16,515 17,955 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 20,470 11,415 9,055 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,725 1,285 1,440 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,115 2,400 2,720 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 6,155 1,415 4,740 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 32,785 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 18,275 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 6,230 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 5,355 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,930 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 32,785 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 28,385 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 24,000 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,390 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,405 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,320 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,080 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 28,380 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 15,575 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 12,810 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,005 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 4,995 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,800 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,400 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,700 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,225 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 475 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,570 7,010 7,560 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 43,560 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 31,335 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 14,955 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,380 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 715 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,510 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 10,550 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 960 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 108,550 54,150 54,405 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 104,400 52,270 52,125 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 15 10 10 1,110 530 580
English and French 3,335 1,425 1,910 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 800 440 355 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 108,550 54,145 54,405 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 106,850 53,280 53,570 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 885 430 460 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 55 30 25 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 755 410 345 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 915 445 475 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 108,550 54,145 54,405 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 107,850 53,805 54,050 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 97,780 48,795 48,990 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 96,790 48,330 48,460 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 995 470 525 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 10,070 5,005 5,060 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,060 5,005 5,050 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 45 40 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 85 45 40 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 0 0 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 55 30 20 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 0 0 0 1,770 960 805
Maltese 20 10 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 30 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 45 20 30 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 115 25 90 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 5 5 5 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 5 0 0 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 0 0 5 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 20 70 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 0 0 5 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 20 10 10 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 0 0 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 10 5 5 1,750 905 845
Tamil 0 0 5 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 5 0 5 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 9,015 4,535 4,475 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 5 0 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 10 5 5 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,035 485 550 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 60 30 30 645 280 370
Latvian 20 5 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 40 20 20 325 130 200
Slavic languages 975 455 525 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 10 5 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 5 0 0 1,725 805 915
Croatian 90 50 40 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 45 20 25 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 15 5 10 250 120 135
Polish 400 170 230 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 55 25 30 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 35 25 10 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 65 25 35 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 15 545 250 290
Ukrainian 210 95 110 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 6,020 2,965 3,060 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 10 5 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 40 20 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,325 665 660 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 75 40 35 80 30 50
German 4,215 2,085 2,135 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 10 5 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 335 145 195 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 80 50 35 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 155 80 70 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 120 60 55 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 5 5 0 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 35 20 15 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 15 10 5 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 5 0 225 110 110
Marathi 5 5 0 535 280 255
Nepali 0 0 0 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 10 20 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 1,455 730 725
Urdu 25 20 10 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 35 25 10 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 5 0 0 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 25 15 5 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,705 950 755 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 355 195 160 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 860 445 415 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 35 20 20 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 450 290 160 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 15 10 10 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 75 35 35 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 0 0 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 5 5 5 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 0 0 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 10 5 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 140 70 70 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 135 65 70 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 60 35 30 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 55 25 25 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 5 0 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 10 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 5 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 5 0 800 405 400
Thai 5 5 0 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 0 0 0 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 0 0 0 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 515 240 270 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 10 0 10 455 195 260
Finnish 15 5 10 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 485 235 255 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 695 345 350 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 135 60 70 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 530 265 265 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 20 15 10 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 108,550 54,145 54,405 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 107,395 53,565 53,825 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 103,685 51,675 52,010 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 103,505 51,580 51,925 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 180 85 85 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 3,710 1,895 1,815 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,705 1,895 1,815 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 40 20 25 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 30 10 15 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 15 5 5 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 30 15 15 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 15 15 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 0 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 5 0 0 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 5 5 5 885 450 435
Tamil 0 0 0 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 0 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 3,365 1,725 1,640 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 10 5 10 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 195 90 110 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 195 85 110 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 5 925 425 495
Croatian 5 0 5 1,795 840 955
Czech 15 5 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 5 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 90 35 50 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 20 15 15 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 15 5 5 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0 435 205 235
Slovak 0 0 0 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 35 15 20 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 2,345 1,165 1,175 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 0 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 110 55 55 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 2,115 1,060 1,055 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 5 20 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 50 40 5 5 0
Greek 25 10 15 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 90 45 45 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 80 35 40 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 0 0 0 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 20 5 15 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 10 5 5 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 0 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 10 10 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 5 0 595 290 305
Urdu 20 15 10 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 15 5 10 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 5 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 690 405 285 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 30 15 15 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 320 150 170 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 20 10 10 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 325 230 90 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 10 0 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 55 30 25 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 5 0 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 20 10 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 5 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 90 50 40 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 90 50 40 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 35 25 15 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 35 20 15 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 5 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 5 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 5 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 0 0 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 80 35 45 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 80 35 45 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,155 580 575 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 65 40 25 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 1,075 535 540 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 5 0 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 108,550 54,145 54,405 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 103,440 51,695 51,750 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 1,580 780 795 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 555 240 320 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 2,935 1,415 1,520 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 35 10 20 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 2,905 1,405 1,500 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 5 0 0 965 435 530
English and non-official language 5 0 5 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 30 15 15 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 90,160 44,555 45,605 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,225 43,275 43,950 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,265 41,851 26,123 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,275 43,280 43,995 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,351 37,401 24,399 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 78,535 39,945 38,585 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,049 39,215 22,296 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,860 29,325 34,535 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,845 7,991 7,756 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,550 33,910 29,635 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,042 37,815 24,004 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 90,160 44,555 45,605 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,335 43,255 44,080 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,731 49,086 34,513 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,390 43,260 44,130 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,623 41,196 30,159 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 78,545 39,865 38,680 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,196 46,736 31,425 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,830 29,310 34,520 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,864 8,869 8,861 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,545 33,710 29,835 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,602 44,236 32,235 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 90,160 44,560 45,600 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,585 17,310 12,275 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,887 57,884 43,090 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,694 62,686 48,246 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.7 88.2 79.5 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.9 70.2 62.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.3 11.8 20.5 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 90,160 44,555 45,605 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,930 1,275 1,655 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 87,230 43,280 43,950 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.8 97.1 96.4 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,490 4,420 7,075 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 15,605 5,880 9,730 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 12,885 5,230 7,660 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 10,750 5,155 5,595 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 9,640 4,965 4,670 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 7,130 4,085 3,045 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 5,460 3,535 1,930 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,940 2,680 1,260 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,985 2,090 895 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,510 1,605 905 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 4,830 3,635 1,195 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,625 2,700 925 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,200 935 265 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 90,160 44,560 45,605 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,880 1,270 1,610 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 87,280 43,285 43,995 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 97.1 96.5 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,975 4,510 7,470 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 16,320 6,150 10,170 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 14,880 6,265 8,620 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 12,945 6,390 6,550 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 10,490 5,860 4,635 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 7,120 4,595 2,525 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,075 3,505 1,570 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,565 2,370 1,190 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 4,910 3,640 1,270 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,015 1,415 595 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,025 795 230 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,870 1,425 445 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 90,160 44,560 45,605 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 26,610 10,645 15,970 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 63,550 33,915 29,635 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.5 76.1 65.0 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,185 6,015 5,170 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,470 2,295 3,170 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,385 3,520 4,870 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,680 2,830 3,845 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,540 2,980 3,560 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,995 3,115 2,880 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,830 2,860 1,970 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,635 2,530 1,105 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,960 2,045 915 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 7,855 5,720 2,140 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,300 1,630 665 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,045 1,300 745 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 3,510 2,790 725 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 43,560 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,686 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,692 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,550 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,728 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,841 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 33,005 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,491 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,363 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 43,560 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,669 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,467 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,535 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,473 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,550 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 33,025 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,127 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,921 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 43,560 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 425 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 405 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 965 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,530 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,895 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,615 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,885 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,915 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,930 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,925 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,595 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,435 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,220 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,940 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,670 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,200 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,985 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,230 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,185 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,805 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,560 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 465 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 415 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 980 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,605 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,095 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,790 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,165 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,295 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,300 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,205 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,345 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,065 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,745 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,220 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,580 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,295 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,515 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,355 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,425 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 32,320 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,372 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,194 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 14,645 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,626 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,379 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,980 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,457 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,971 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,010 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,399 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,841 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 32,335 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,983 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,765 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 14,645 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,657 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,841 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,975 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,055 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,956 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,045 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,149 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,091 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,825 6,250 6,575 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,716 36,511 28,446 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,193 32,659 26,469 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,810 6,185 6,620 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,742 43,111 36,592 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,132 36,324 32,082 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 107,590 53,525 54,065 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 54,250 26,200 28,050 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 7,730 3,780 3,955 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 10,670 4,805 5,865 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 12,050 5,825 6,225 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 11,680 5,725 5,960 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 12,115 6,065 6,050 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 53,335 27,325 26,010 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 11,765 5,920 5,845 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 11,895 6,055 5,840 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 11,770 6,045 5,720 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 10,845 5,650 5,195 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 7,065 3,660 3,410 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 107,455 53,455 53,995 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 21,275 10,890 10,385 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 6,760 3,450 3,310 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 64,750 32,145 32,605 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 21,430 10,420 11,005 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,620 5,875 6,745 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,995 1,540 1,455 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,045 550 495 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 7,210 3,390 3,825 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,420 945 1,475 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.7 11.0 12.5 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 14.1 14.1 14.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 15.5 15.9 15.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 10.5 11.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.3 9.1 13.4 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,110 2,070 2,045 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 850 450 405 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 275 150 130 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 3,000 1,485 1,510 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 260 130 130 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.8 3.9 3.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 4.0 4.1 3.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 4.1 4.3 3.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 4.6 4.6 4.6 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.2 1.2 1.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 107,590 53,520 54,065 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 107,005 53,230 53,775 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 106,980 53,225 53,760 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 3,335 1,455 1,885 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 11,850 5,735 6,110 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 75 25 45 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 45 15 30 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 15 25 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 40 20 25 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 45 15 25 0 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 10 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 15 20 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,780 5,710 6,065 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 80 55 25 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 80 55 25 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 50 40 20 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 10 0 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 15 10 15 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 60 25 40 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 50 15 35 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 165 40 125 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 10 0 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 10 10 0 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 15 0 10 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 150 35 110 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 15 15 0 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 20 10 15 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 20 0 15 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 0 0 0 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 0 0 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 10,440 5,125 5,320 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 35 10 30 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,310 625 690 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 80 45 30 635 310 325
Latvian 30 0 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 55 35 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,240 585 655 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 10 0 10 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 130 65 70 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 55 35 20 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 65 20 45 345 180 160
Polish 425 200 215 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 110 35 80 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 80 40 35 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 15 1,240 595 645
Slovak 95 60 35 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 0 30 725 330 400
Ukrainian 280 115 175 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 25 10 15 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 6,800 3,275 3,530 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 50 25 25 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 40 15 25 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,545 795 750 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 110 65 45 120 55 65
German 4,615 2,210 2,405 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 15 0 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 30 0 20 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 150 210 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 435 240 205 75 40 30
Greek 155 95 60 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 150 90 60 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 115 55 60 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 0 0 0 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 30 10 20 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 40 25 15 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 0 10 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 0 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 15 10 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 70 35 35 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 35 30 0 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 10 10 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 10 10 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 25 20 10 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 2,285 1,250 1,035 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 455 250 205 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 975 515 460 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 80 25 55 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 800 470 325 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 15 10 10 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 75 35 40 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 10 0 10 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 0 0 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 215 90 130 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 105 45 65 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 110 45 65 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 170 80 90 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 170 80 90 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 55 30 30 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 85 40 50 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 10 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 15 25 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 30 20 20 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 15 10 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 25 10 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 0 0 0 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 585 265 325 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 10 0 10 495 205 295
Finnish 30 10 15 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 550 250 295 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 107,590 53,525 54,060 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 105,430 52,405 53,020 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,190 10,900 10,290 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 84,240 41,505 42,735 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,160 1,120 1,040 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 107,590 53,525 54,065 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 96,695 48,110 48,590 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 10,545 5,210 5,335 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 6,380 3,110 3,275 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 1,395 715 675 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 1,260 610 655 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,045 545 500 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 445 220 225 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 600 325 275 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 460 230 230 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 350 205 145 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 10,545 5,210 5,335 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,960 925 1,035 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 2,855 1,425 1,435 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 2,415 1,180 1,240 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 2,960 1,500 1,465 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 350 180 165 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,545 5,210 5,335 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 2,820 1,325 1,490 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 35 15 20 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 30 15 15 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 35 20 15 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 20 0 10 920 415 500
Haiti 0 10 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 150 90 65 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,570 775 795 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 10 0 10 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 65 40 25 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 655 220 435 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 245 145 100 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 6,900 3,470 3,425 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 0 15 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 140 65 70 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 35 20 10 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 595 320 275 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 60 40 20 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 225 110 115 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 30 30 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 250 140 105 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,300 700 600 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 275 115 160 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 635 345 290 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 70 25 45 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 40 0 35 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 80 45 35 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 60 20 40 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,315 1,100 1,215 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 740 380 360 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 170 105 70 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 10 10 0 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 0 10 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 0 0 0 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 0 0 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 45 25 20 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 110 60 50 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 590 270 330 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 10 0 0 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 0 0 0 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 110 55 55 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10 0 0 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 70 35 40 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 15 15 0 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 10 10 0 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 0 0 0 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 50 30 20 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 10 0 0 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 50 30 15 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 150 40 110 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 0 10 0 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 10 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 0 0 0 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 35 10 25 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 85 35 45 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 60 50 15 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 460 230 225 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 315 150 160 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 30 15 15 160 115 45
Mexico 195 95 95 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 35 15 20 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 60 25 35 1,855 875 975
Europe 55 40 10 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 10 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0