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Census Profile, 2016 Census
Waterloo, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Waterloo, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Waterloo, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Waterloo, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 535,154  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 507,096  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 214,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 203,832  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 390.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,368.92  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 535,155 264,265 270,890 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 95,380 48,785 46,595 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 30,395 15,560 14,840 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 32,725 16,780 15,940 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 32,260 16,445 15,820 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 362,585 180,580 182,010 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 33,610 17,205 16,405 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 39,735 20,710 19,020 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 37,480 18,920 18,565 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 36,605 18,130 18,470 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 35,105 17,270 17,840 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 35,770 17,560 18,205 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 37,370 18,405 18,965 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 40,190 19,835 20,360 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 36,330 17,895 18,440 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 30,380 14,650 15,730 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 77,190 34,905 42,285 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 25,425 12,170 13,255 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 18,230 8,500 9,725 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 13,405 6,245 7,160 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 9,885 4,270 5,615 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 10,240 3,715 6,525 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 6,520 2,460 4,060 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 3,030 1,110 1,920 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 600 140 470 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 90 10 75 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.5 17.2 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.8 68.3 67.2 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.4 13.2 15.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.1 38.2 40.0 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 38.5 37.4 39.6 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 203,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 113,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 68,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 12,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 22,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 26,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 203,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 49,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 67,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 33,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 33,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 19,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 527,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 439,775 215,480 224,290 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 256,625 128,175 128,455 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 218,270 109,030 109,240 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 38,355 19,140 19,215 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 183,145 87,310 95,835 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 123,785 67,615 56,175 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 13,175 5,610 7,560 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 24,355 9,465 14,890 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 21,825 4,620 17,205 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 149,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 70,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 33,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 32,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 14,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 149,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 125,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 106,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 19,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 23,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 19,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 4,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 125,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 56,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 69,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 25,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 30,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 13,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 23,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 14,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 7,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 82,225 41,075 41,150 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 203,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 140,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 52,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 87,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 58,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 49,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 529,420 262,020 267,400 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 485,285 243,135 242,150 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 215 80 135 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 34,620 14,965 19,650 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 9,305 3,845 5,460 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 529,420 262,020 267,400 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 511,840 254,250 257,590 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 5,830 2,745 3,085 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,605 1,250 1,355 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 9,140 3,770 5,370 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,135 3,370 3,765 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 529,420 262,020 267,400 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 519,345 257,075 262,275 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 395,355 196,510 198,845 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 389,415 193,685 195,725 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 5,940 2,825 3,115 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 123,990 60,560 63,430 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 35 15 20 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 15 5 15 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 10 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 10 5 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 123,960 60,550 63,410 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,925 5,035 4,895 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 20 10 10 725 405 320
Kabyle 20 10 10 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,210 580 630 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 100 55 45 250 140 110
Oromo 85 40 40 1,445 720 730
Somali 990 465 525 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 225 115 110
Semitic languages 8,685 4,430 4,255 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 795 385 420 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 6,560 3,405 3,150 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 285 145 135 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 15 5 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 110 60 50 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 65 30 35 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 780 370 410 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,960 1,910 2,050 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 270 125 145 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 3,690 1,780 1,905 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,215 795 1,420 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 105 30 75 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 120 45 75 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 170 65 100 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,710 610 1,095 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 155 80 75 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 80 40 45 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,775 950 820 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 85 50 35 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 620 325 300 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 735 395 340 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 320 180 140 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 485 230 250 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 84,715 41,490 43,220 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 990 515 475 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 650 320 325 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 18,400 8,850 9,555 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 165 85 85 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 80 45 40 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 85 40 50 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 18,235 8,760 9,470 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 15 5 10 515 230 280
Bosnian 530 270 260 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 145 75 75 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 2,090 1,060 1,035 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 740 350 390 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 255 120 135 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 5,270 2,465 2,805 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,775 815 960 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 5,065 2,540 2,525 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 515 240 275 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 575 255 320 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 130 125 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 785 330 455 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 105 105 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 25 20 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 450 210 240
Welsh 15 10 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 18,005 8,620 9,385 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 110 60 55 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 180 85 95 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 2,095 970 1,120 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 35 15 15 1,240 630 620
German 15,400 7,390 8,010 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 5 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 30 15 15 940 405 540
Swedish 70 35 35 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 35 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,330 660 675 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 19,605 10,130 9,480 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 14,205 7,325 6,880 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 915 495 420 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 2,775 1,430 1,350 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 1,565 855 710 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 0 345 170 175
Konkani 45 25 20 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 155 75 80 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 255 135 120 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 25 5 15 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,745 2,400 2,345 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 235 110 130 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 255 130 125 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 3,240 1,665 1,575 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 5,195 2,700 2,495 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 640 350 285 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 1,020 535 480 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 3,535 1,815 1,725 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 105 110 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 25,705 12,385 13,320 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 15 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 1,910 1,005 905 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 9,775 4,670 5,110 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 5,560 2,690 2,865 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 8,435 4,005 4,430 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 425 165 265 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,090 1,005 1,085 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 10 5 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 660 310 355 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 65 40 30 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 10 5 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 20 15 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 0 600 275 325
Ganda 10 5 10 760 360 400
Igbo 35 20 15 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 1,330 545 785
Shona 90 40 50 1,455 660 790
Swahili 140 60 75 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 10 5 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 80 45 35 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 285 140 150 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 5 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 285 135 150 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 120 65 60 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 70 30 40 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 30 20 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,055 6,420 6,640 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 12,685 6,220 6,460 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,205 1,075 1,125 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 75 35 40 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 9,400 4,600 4,800 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 125 115 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 45 60 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 640 330 305 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 375 200 175 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 140 75 65 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 125 65 60 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 10 5 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 1,150 515 635 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 1,025 485 540 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 125 40 85 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 915 460 450 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 65 40 30 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 785 400 385 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 5 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 20 10 10 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,955 950 1,005 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 100 45 50 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 150 70 75 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,710 830 875 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 10,080 4,950 5,125 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,250 600 655 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 8,360 4,135 4,230 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 230 115 120 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 230 105 120 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 529,425 262,020 267,400 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 506,015 250,550 255,465 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 441,795 219,315 222,480 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 440,135 218,555 221,575 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,660 755 900 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 64,220 31,235 32,990 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 5 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 64,210 31,230 32,985 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,380 3,125 3,250 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 10 10 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 10 10 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 800 360 440 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 85 40 45 170 80 85
Oromo 50 20 30 805 380 425
Somali 655 295 360 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 5,565 2,760 2,805 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 530 245 285 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 4,235 2,135 2,105 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 175 90 90 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 15 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 5 0 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 55 25 30 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 5 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 510 235 270 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,515 1,205 1,305 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 60 75 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 2,380 1,145 1,235 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 780 335 445 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 20 10 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 910 385 530
Ilocano 30 15 15 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 60 30 35 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 645 275 365 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 85 35 45 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 30 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 920 485 430 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 35 20 15 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 360 185 170 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 360 190 170 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 160 85 80 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 190 85 100 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 40,615 19,720 20,895 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 540 280 260 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 415 200 210 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 8,810 4,265 4,540 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 5 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 5 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 8,795 4,265 4,535 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 5 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 260 140 125 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 65 35 30 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 865 425 445 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 235 115 120 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 130 55 70 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 2,160 1,040 1,125 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 990 475 515 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 3,230 1,590 1,645 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 230 105 120 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 200 90 105 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 20 30 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 275 115 155 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 6,700 3,255 3,440 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 30 15 20 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 420 200 215 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 6,170 2,995 3,170 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 10 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 655 315 340
Greek 470 210 260 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 11,915 5,945 5,975 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 8,365 4,180 4,185 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 535 270 260 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 1,670 825 850 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 755 390 365 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 15 10 5 540 260 280
Marathi 70 30 35 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 155 80 75 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,110 1,560 1,555 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 110 50 60 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 60 60 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,810 895 910 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 3,445 1,715 1,730 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 340 170 165 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 615 305 310 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 2,490 1,240 1,250 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 11,755 5,555 6,200 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 10 5 10 135 60 75
Italian 360 165 195 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 4,045 1,880 2,165 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 2,715 1,315 1,400 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 4,615 2,190 2,425 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 245 110 130 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 1,500 700 800 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 5 5 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 170 65 105 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 5 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 10 5 10 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 420 160 260
Shona 25 10 15 455 210 245
Swahili 55 25 35 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 5 10 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 55 60 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 425 195 225
Sign languages 170 95 80 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 80 40 35 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 50 40 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,980 4,455 4,525 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 8,645 4,285 4,365 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,170 570 595 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 35 20 20 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 6,890 3,405 3,480 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 35 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 35 30 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 420 220 205 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 170 160 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 140 70 60 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 120 60 60 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 5 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 560 260 295 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 510 245 270 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 45 15 30 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 430 215 210 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 770 385 380
Turkish 390 195 190 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 525 255 275 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 10 0 10 790 290 500
Finnish 10 5 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 510 255 255 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 23,410 11,475 11,935 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 680 310 370 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 22,260 10,950 11,305 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 60 25 35 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 410 185 220 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 529,420 262,020 267,400 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 459,610 228,160 231,455 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 28,060 13,960 14,100 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 4,880 2,065 2,820 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 35,675 17,270 18,405 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 50 15 35 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 35,625 17,260 18,365 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 190 85 110 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 590 305 290 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 400 170 225 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 20 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 432,125 212,470 219,660 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 414,530 204,485 210,045 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,714 43,403 29,634 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 414,590 204,490 210,095 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,338 38,445 27,299 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 376,435 189,765 186,670 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,853 43,569 27,518 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 289,110 128,850 160,265 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,448 1,317 4,854 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 320,105 166,605 153,495 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,432 44,376 29,886 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 432,125 212,465 219,660 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 414,825 204,570 210,255 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,906 55,929 38,126 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 414,870 204,580 210,295 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,984 45,380 32,762 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 376,270 189,665 186,605 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,358 56,078 36,479 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 289,535 129,285 160,245 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,957 6,229 7,545 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 320,105 166,595 153,510 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,299 54,861 37,008 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 432,125 212,470 219,660 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 165,235 94,440 70,790 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,558 60,518 47,287 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,969 72,967 54,300 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.7 93.0 84.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.0 79.7 70.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.3 7.0 15.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 432,125 212,465 219,660 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 17,590 7,980 9,615 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 414,535 204,490 210,050 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,700 24,660 33,040 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 66,075 25,965 40,110 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 55,730 22,835 32,900 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 48,005 21,420 26,585 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 43,545 20,985 22,565 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 35,030 18,930 16,105 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 26,505 15,455 11,055 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 19,780 12,115 7,665 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 15,240 9,570 5,665 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 13,475 8,035 5,440 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 33,445 24,515 8,925 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 22,830 16,370 6,460 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 10,610 8,150 2,465 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 432,125 212,465 219,660 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 17,535 7,970 9,560 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 414,590 204,495 210,095 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.2 95.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 59,100 25,055 34,045 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 69,340 27,290 42,050 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 64,910 27,010 37,895 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 58,555 27,260 31,290 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 50,155 26,245 23,915 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 35,385 20,455 14,925 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 24,560 15,330 9,230 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 19,080 11,670 7,405 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 33,510 24,170 9,345 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 11,250 7,610 3,640 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 6,690 4,765 1,925 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 15,575 11,795 3,785 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 432,125 212,465 219,660 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 112,020 45,860 66,160 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 320,110 166,610 153,500 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 74.1 78.4 69.9 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 39,600 18,670 20,930 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 24,955 10,795 14,160 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 40,695 17,685 23,010 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 33,105 14,215 18,890 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 33,740 14,950 18,785 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 32,350 16,045 16,305 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 27,380 15,525 11,860 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 20,695 12,515 8,180 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 15,910 10,035 5,875 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 51,675 36,165 15,510 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 12,950 8,325 4,625 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 11,660 7,085 4,575 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 27,065 20,755 6,305 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 203,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,887  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 49,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,137  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 154,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,557  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,406  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 203,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 49,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,829  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 154,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,871  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 203,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 73,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 18,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 14,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 203,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 16,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 54,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 17,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 147,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,798  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 51,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,444  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 69,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,243  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 22,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,313  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,844  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 147,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 51,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,356  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 69,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,133  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,311  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,926  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 71,415 36,570 34,845 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,554 35,492 30,013 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,752 31,924 27,839 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 71,535 36,290 35,245 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,507 44,405 38,522 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,103 36,841 33,314 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 527,340 261,145 266,195 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 241,655 116,150 125,505 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 46,480 22,780 23,705 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 43,585 19,670 23,915 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 47,480 22,330 25,145 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 50,600 24,680 25,920 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 53,510 26,695 26,815 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 285,685 144,995 140,695 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 56,755 28,460 28,290 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 57,570 29,200 28,370 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 59,620 30,200 29,420 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 59,850 30,535 29,315 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 51,890 26,600 25,295 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 527,340 261,140 266,200 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 114,545 58,490 56,060 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 36,755 18,860 17,900 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 341,315 169,700 171,620 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 71,480 32,955 38,520 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 64,020 29,800 34,215 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 17,500 8,905 8,600 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 6,310 3,235 3,075 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 39,040 18,190 20,850 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 7,475 2,710 4,765 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.1 11.4 12.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 15.3 15.2 15.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.2 17.2 17.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 10.7 12.1 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.5 8.2 12.4 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,395 19,210 19,185 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 8,965 4,600 4,365 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 3,140 1,620 1,520 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 27,840 13,930 13,910 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,590 685 910 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.3 7.4 7.2 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 7.8 7.9 7.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 8.5 8.6 8.5 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 8.2 8.1 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.2 2.1 2.4 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 527,340 261,145 266,200 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 518,070 257,330 260,740 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 517,865 257,255 260,615 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 34,660 15,045 19,620 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 147,265 71,920 75,340 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 100 35 70 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 85 25 65 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 25 40 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 0 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 60 30 35 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 10 0 10 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 10 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 10 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 147,160 71,890 75,275 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,315 6,345 5,965 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 1,525 790 740 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 160 80 80 355 200 160
Oromo 80 40 40 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,185 610 575 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 115 65 50 370 170 205
Semitic languages 11,035 5,680 5,355 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 1,130 550 575 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 8,665 4,500 4,170 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 155 125 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 380 230 150 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 110 65 45 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 1,040 460 585 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,880 2,325 2,555 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 310 130 180 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 4,595 2,205 2,385 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,800 955 1,850 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 95 15 80 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 55 20 45 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 95 30 65 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 335 150 190 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 10 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,380 780 1,605 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 465 240 230 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 240 125 115 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 120 115 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 2,395 1,290 1,105 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 205 115 90 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 675 320 355 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,210 675 540 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 470 270 205 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 495 230 260 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 103,290 50,430 52,860 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,045 580 465 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 820 395 420 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 21,105 10,130 10,980 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 205 105 90 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 130 75 55 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 75 35 35 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 20,935 10,040 10,895 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 70 30 45 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 815 390 420 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 160 70 85 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 3,200 1,545 1,655 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 940 470 470 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 345 150 195 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 5,875 2,725 3,150 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,585 1,165 1,425 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 6,365 3,260 3,100 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 615 290 325 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 765 390 375 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 315 145 165 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 965 385 580 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 90 50 45 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 45 20 25 1,480 720 765
Welsh 20 10 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 22,140 10,320 11,825 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 230 125 105 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 250 115 140 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 3,610 1,565 2,045 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 45 30 25 1,655 820 835
German 19,160 9,055 10,110 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 80 40 40 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 140 100 40 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 35 35 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 230 120 110 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,810 915 890 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 24,170 12,540 11,630 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 19,030 9,935 9,090 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 1,180 645 535 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 3,370 1,755 1,615 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 6,590 3,475 3,115 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 15 10 10 600 300 300
Konkani 70 45 30 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 270 140 130 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 380 210 175 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,785 3,560 3,225 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 370 175 195 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 205 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 5,595 2,905 2,685 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 5,620 2,850 2,770 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 835 420 415 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 1,010 520 485 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 4,080 2,065 2,010 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 325 145 180 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 34,750 16,720 18,030 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 15 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 3,125 1,620 1,500 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 12,090 5,910 6,180 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 6,790 3,260 3,530 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 13,710 6,415 7,295 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 845 435 415 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,200 1,065 1,130 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 20 15 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 20 15 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,115 580 530 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 90 55 35 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 20 10 15 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 10 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 15 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 25 0 20 1,225 550 675
Igbo 95 70 25 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 105 60 40 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 30 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 10 30 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 35 20 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 380 180 195 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 230 140 90 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 175 85 95 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 170 210 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 380 165 215 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 645 245 405 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 455 150 310 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 200 100 105 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,755 7,330 7,425 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 14,345 7,125 7,225 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 3,140 1,530 1,610 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 155 65 90 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 11,100 5,460 5,645 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 10 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 365 180 190 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 80 70 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 785 410 370 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 435 230 210 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 165 80 85 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 120 65 60 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 135 135 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,200 560 640 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 1,075 505 565 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 190 70 125 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 1,485 790 690 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 155 100 55 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,285 685 595 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 45 15 25 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,280 1,125 1,155 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 155 85 70 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 145 65 80 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,985 975 1,005 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 527,340 261,145 266,195 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 493,440 244,380 249,065 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 110,160 56,240 53,920 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 383,285 188,135 195,140 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 33,900 16,765 17,135 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 527,340 261,140 266,200 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 398,665 198,220 200,440 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 119,335 57,895 61,440 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 36,165 17,470 18,695 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 15,810 7,775 8,035 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 23,890 11,700 12,190 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 29,425 14,135 15,295 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 14,700 7,070 7,630 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 14,725 7,065 7,660 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 14,045 6,815 7,230 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,340 5,030 4,315 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 119,335 57,895 61,440 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 13,865 7,020 6,845 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 24,050 12,540 11,510 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 25,715 11,520 14,195 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 47,410 23,105 24,305 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 8,295 3,710 4,585 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 119,335 57,895 61,440 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 17,720 8,140 9,580 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 495 220 275 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,655 750 905 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,955 915 1,045 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 2,310 1,050 1,255 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 35 20 15 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,920 960 965 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 1,190 570 620 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 185 90 95 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 685 305 375 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,925 1,605 2,320 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 3,360 1,655 1,705 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 51,780 25,125 26,660 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,155 1,635 1,525 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 2,105 1,040 1,060 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 345 180 170 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 4,735 2,200 2,535 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 580 270 315 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 830 405 430 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 430 210 220 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,145 655 490 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,750 830 920 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 4,285 1,990 2,295 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 7,160 3,450 3,710 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 5,145 2,440 2,705 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 780 350 430 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,530 1,270 1,255 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 745 335 410 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,355 5,560 5,800 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 4,700 2,310 2,390 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 7,250 3,645 3,610 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 60 30 25 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,185 625 560 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 960 480 475 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 425 205 220 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 50 25 25 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 310 185 120 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 715 335 385 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 510 250 255 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 3,045 1,510 1,535 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 42,230 20,810 21,430 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 1,285 585 705 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 700 365 330 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,395 3,030 3,370 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60