Census Profile, 2016 Census
Perth, County [Census division], Ontario and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Perth, CTY
Ontario
[Census division]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Perth, County [Census division], Ontario  Map : Perth, County [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 76,796 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 75,112 ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.2 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 31,747 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 30,713 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 34.6 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,218.52 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 76,795 37,620 39,175 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 13,795 7,040 6,755 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 4,445 2,240 2,200 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 4,675 2,405 2,270 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 4,680 2,395 2,285 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 48,675 24,215 24,460 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 4,830 2,505 2,330 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 4,705 2,430 2,275 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 4,350 2,160 2,185 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 4,340 2,145 2,195 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 4,310 2,105 2,210 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 4,415 2,205 2,210 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 4,670 2,270 2,405 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 5,800 2,850 2,950 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 5,890 2,895 2,995 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 5,370 2,655 2,715 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 14,320 6,360 7,960 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 4,385 2,090 2,290 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 3,205 1,495 1,705 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 2,555 1,185 1,370 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 1,935 820 1,115 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 2,250 765 1,485 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 1,395 520 880 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 675 215 460 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 165 30 135 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 20 0 15 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.7 17.2 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 63.4 64.4 62.4 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 18.6 16.9 20.3 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 2.9 2.0 3.8 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 41.6 40.4 42.6 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 42.4 41.0 43.8 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 30,710 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,300 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 635 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 8,635 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,210 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 1,255 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 885 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,185 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 145 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 30,710 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 8,525 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 11,305 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 4,220 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 3,890 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,775 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 75,175 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 63,000 30,580 32,420 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 38,330 19,190 19,145 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 32,805 16,425 16,380 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 5,525 2,765 2,765 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 24,670 11,390 13,275 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 15,315 8,375 6,940 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 1,870 845 1,025 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 3,315 1,335 1,980 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 4,165 835 3,330 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 21,690 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 11,410 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 4,045 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 3,795 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,440 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 21,685 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 18,855 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 16,100 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,765 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,830 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 2,165 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 660 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 18,860 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 9,720 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 9,135 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 3,225 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 3,540 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 2,370 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,830 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 1,690 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 815 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 330 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 11,190 5,245 5,945 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 30,710 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 21,155 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,510 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 11,645 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 260 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,290 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 8,530 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 765 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 75,625 37,235 38,390 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 72,005 35,770 36,235 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 10 5 5 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 3,005 1,160 1,845 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 605 305 300 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 75,625 37,240 38,390 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 74,620 36,755 37,870 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 355 165 190 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 60 30 35 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 595 295 295 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 385 180 205 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 75,625 37,235 38,390 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 75,075 36,975 38,095 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 67,515 33,260 34,250 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 67,125 33,080 34,045 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 390 185 205 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 7,555 3,715 3,840 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 0 5 5 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 0 0 0 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 0 0 0 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 0 0 0 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 5 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 5 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,550 3,710 3,840 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 95 50 45 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 0 0 0 340 190 145
Kabyle 0 0 0 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 0 0 0 315 185 130
Oromo 0 0 0 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 5 5 0 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 95 50 45 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 5 5 5 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 75 35 35 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 145 80 65
Harari 0 0 0 260 135 120
Hebrew 5 0 0 960 505 460
Maltese 5 5 5 75 30 40
Tigrigna 10 5 5 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 5 15 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 20 10 15 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 105 35 70 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 5 0 0 425 205 225
Cebuano 5 5 5 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 0 0 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 5 0 5 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 0 0 0 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 765 370 390
Pangasinan 0 0 0 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 35 60 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 980 430 550
Creole languages 10 10 0 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 0 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 45 25 25 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 5 5 0 535 270 265
Malayalam 25 10 15 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 10 5 5 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 10 5 5 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 6,700 3,315 3,380 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 10 5 5 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 0 0 0 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 330 140 185 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 5 5 0 1,010 475 535
Latvian 5 5 0 415 195 220
Lithuanian 0 0 0 600 285 315
Slavic languages 320 135 185 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 0 0 5 65 30 30
Bosnian 5 5 0 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,545 790 755
Croatian 25 10 15 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 15 5 10 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 5 0 0 360 185 175
Polish 130 60 75 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 35 15 25 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 25 10 15 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0 970 480 485
Slovak 15 5 10 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 695 320 370
Ukrainian 30 10 20 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 215 120 100
Celtic languages 10 5 5 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 135 70 65
Welsh 5 5 0 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 5,330 2,670 2,660 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 5 5 0 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 30 10 20 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 1,105 560 545 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 25 15 10 360 200 160
German 4,075 2,030 2,040 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 5 0 0 115 55 60
Norwegian 5 0 5 815 370 445
Swedish 15 10 10 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 30 320 150 170
Yiddish 5 5 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 75 35 40 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 295 150 145 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 270 140 130 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 5 10 5 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 75 40 40 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 40 20 20 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 105 60 50
Konkani 0 0 0 370 190 185
Marathi 5 5 5 1,510 775 730
Nepali 5 0 5 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 105 60 45 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 10 5 5 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 25 10 10 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 25 10 15 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,550 845 705
Pashto 0 0 0 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 10 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 645 305 345 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 5 0 5 75 30 45
Italian 220 105 115 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 130 60 75 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 30 15 15 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 265 125 140 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 50 20 30 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 230 130 105
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 65 30 35 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 545 255 290
Mongolian 0 0 0 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 0 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 275 155 120
Ewe 5 0 5 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 0 0 0 145 80 65
Ganda 0 0 0 280 145 135
Igbo 0 0 0 1,165 625 540
Lingala 0 0 0 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 805 405 400
Shona 5 5 5 1,100 545 555
Swahili 5 5 5 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 0 0 0 280 165 110
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 0 0 0 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 15 10 5 830 440 390
American Sign Language 5 0 0 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 0 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 165 70 90 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 160 70 90 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 70 25 40 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 0 0 0 990 465 530
Mandarin 80 35 45 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 0 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 5 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 0 5 0 430 230 200
Karenic languages 0 0 0 795 415 380
Tibetan 5 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 155 75 80 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 120 55 65 1,020 485 535
Thai 30 15 15 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 10 5 5 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 365 215 155
Turkish 5 5 5 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 5 5 5 130 70 60
Uzbek 0 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 85 40 45 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 5 0 0 190 90 105
Finnish 15 5 5 810 330 480
Hungarian 70 30 35 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 690 415 280
Multiple responses 555 260 295 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 75 30 45 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 460 225 235 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 10 5 10 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 75,630 37,235 38,390 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 74,585 36,705 37,880 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 71,380 35,110 36,265 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 71,310 35,085 36,230 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 70 30 40 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 3,205 1,590 1,615 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,205 1,595 1,610 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 55 25 30 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 0 0 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 0 0 280 160 115
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 0 0 0 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 50 25 30 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 0 5 5 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 45 20 25 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 0 0 0 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 0 0 5 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 960 460 500
Vietnamese 10 0 5 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 40 15 20 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 0 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 470 215 255
Ilocano 0 5 0 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 0 0 0 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 20 15 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 120 155
Creole languages 5 0 0 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 15 5 10 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 0 0 0 210 105 105
Malayalam 10 5 5 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 5 5 0 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 5 0 5 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 2,775 1,385 1,395 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 5 0 5 1,060 570 485
Armenian 0 0 0 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 65 30 30 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 0 0 5 410 210 200
Latvian 0 0 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 0 0 0 250 125 120
Slavic languages 65 35 30 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 785 400 385
Bulgarian 0 0 0 825 415 405
Croatian 5 5 0 1,800 905 895
Czech 5 5 0 875 440 430
Macedonian 0 0 0 175 90 85
Polish 35 15 20 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 5 5 5 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 5 0 5 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 315 160 155
Slovak 0 0 0 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 150 70 75
Ukrainian 5 5 0 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 2,300 1,160 1,140 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,705 835 875
Danish 0 0 0 150 75 75
Dutch 175 85 85 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 5 5 5 60 30 30
German 2,050 1,040 1,010 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 5 5 5 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 5 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 425 215 210
Greek 25 15 15 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 155 70 80 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 140 65 75 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 0 0 0 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 45 20 25 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 15 10 5 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 0 0 0 845 440 405
Nepali 5 0 5 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 55 25 25 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 5 5 5 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,480 750 730
Urdu 20 5 10 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 15 5 5 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 0 0 0 850 440 410
Pashto 5 0 0 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 5 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 225 100 120 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 45 15 25 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 50 20 30 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 10 5 10 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 120 60 65 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 35 20 15 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 160 85 70
Georgian 0 0 0 160 85 70
Korean 30 20 20 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 0 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 5 0 0 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 0 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 0 0 0 265 125 145
Lingala 0 0 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 350 175 170
Shona 0 0 0 410 190 225
Swahili 0 0 0 1,090 530 565
Wolof 0 0 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 0 0 0 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,525 765 755
Dinka 0 0 0 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 725 350 375
Sign languages 20 10 5 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 5 0 5 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 95 40 50 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 95 40 50 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 40 20 20 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 0 0 0 315 135 185
Mandarin 50 25 30 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 0 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,500 770 730
Burmese 0 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 105 50 50 1,130 505 625
Lao 85 45 45 465 215 245
Thai 20 10 10 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 0 5 0 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 0 0 5 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 20 10 5 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 0 0 0 105 50 50
Hungarian 15 10 5 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 140 95
Multiple responses 1,040 530 510 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 35 15 20 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 995 510 485 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 5 5 0 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 75,625 37,235 38,390 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 71,745 35,360 36,385 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 1,285 640 645 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 355 145 210 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 2,185 1,070 1,115 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 5 5 5 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 2,175 1,070 1,110 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 5 0 5 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 20 10 10 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 35 10 20 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 61,430 30,070 31,350 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,900 29,375 30,520 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,670 42,721 29,663 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,910 29,380 30,535 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,168 37,841 27,323 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 56,100 27,950 28,150 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,399 40,764 25,234 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 41,655 18,460 23,200 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,052 4,163 6,806 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 46,960 24,430 22,530 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,681 40,205 26,213 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 61,425 30,075 31,350 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,985 29,420 30,570 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,635 50,901 36,643 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 60,005 29,420 30,585 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,956 42,302 31,814 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 56,145 27,950 28,195 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,796 48,811 32,852 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 41,905 18,620 23,285 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,807 7,159 8,324 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 46,965 24,400 22,560 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,078 45,693 31,923 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 61,425 30,075 31,355 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 24,985 14,720 10,270 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,566 52,515 42,230 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,319 58,250 46,248 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.5 91.0 82.7 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.8 75.2 64.9 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.5 9.0 17.3 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 61,425 30,075 31,355 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 1,525 695 830 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 59,900 29,380 30,525 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 97.5 97.7 97.4 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,600 2,630 3,970 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 9,870 3,790 6,080 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 8,970 3,630 5,345 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 7,945 3,615 4,330 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 7,435 3,710 3,725 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 5,770 3,325 2,450 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 3,925 2,445 1,480 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 2,660 1,770 890 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 1,800 1,160 640 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 1,655 990 670 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 3,270 2,325 950 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 2,350 1,640 710 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 920 685 240 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 61,425 30,070 31,355 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 1,515 695 820 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 59,910 29,380 30,535 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 97.5 97.7 97.4 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,855 2,705 4,150 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 10,375 4,005 6,375 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 10,585 4,380 6,210 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 9,745 4,690 5,055 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 8,330 4,565 3,765 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 5,205 3,215 1,990 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 3,185 2,085 1,095 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 2,290 1,405 885 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 3,350 2,330 1,015 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 1,240 810 435 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 680 480 195 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 1,430 1,040 390 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 61,425 30,075 31,350 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 14,465 5,645 8,820 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 46,965 24,430 22,535 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 76.5 81.2 71.9 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,370 2,960 3,405 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 4,005 1,630 2,375 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 6,445 2,815 3,635 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 5,185 2,270 2,915 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 5,500 2,455 3,045 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 5,310 2,825 2,485 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 4,240 2,660 1,580 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 2,820 1,910 915 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 1,975 1,395 580 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 5,105 3,515 1,590 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 1,440 935 510 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 1,375 820 550 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 2,285 1,755 525 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 30,715 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,229 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 8,530 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,049 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,563 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 22,185 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,954 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,494 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 30,715 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,229 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,200 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 8,485 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,180 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,234 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 22,230 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,654 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,921 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 30,710 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 285 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 325 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 745 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 925 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,280 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,175 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,265 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,365 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,370 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,410 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,655 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,470 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,300 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,055 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,850 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,245 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,510 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,280 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,100 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,360 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 30,715 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 325 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 350 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 750 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 990 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,470 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,340 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,480 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,635 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,640 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,660 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,045 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,830 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,550 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,250 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,805 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,590 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,155 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,585 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,850 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 21,630 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,818 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,364 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,360 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,472 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,348 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,200 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,589 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,641 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,680 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,788 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,270 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 21,660 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,860 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,011 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,360 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,176 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,146 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,200 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,591 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,373 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,705 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,088 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,261 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 10,195 4,810 5,390 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,004 37,522 31,168 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,697 33,224 28,683 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 10,150 4,710 5,440 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,528 43,267 38,155 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,924 36,393 33,651 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 75,175 37,090 38,085 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 37,230 17,835 19,405 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 5,290 2,535 2,755 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 6,520 2,910 3,615 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 8,615 4,065 4,550 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 8,295 4,095 4,200 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 8,510 4,230 4,285 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 37,945 19,265 18,680 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 8,925 4,490 4,435 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 8,355 4,210 4,145 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 7,915 4,020 3,895 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 7,455 3,800 3,660 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 5,295 2,750 2,545 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 75,175 37,095 38,085 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 16,700 8,575 8,125 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 5,350 2,710 2,640 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 45,510 22,560 22,950 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 12,965 5,960 7,005 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 8,330 3,825 4,505 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 2,390 1,220 1,170 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 900 470 430 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 4,545 2,105 2,440 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 1,400 500 900 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.1 10.3 11.8 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 14.3 14.2 14.4 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 16.8 17.3 16.3 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 9.3 10.6 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 10.8 8.4 12.8 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,445 1,665 1,780 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 805 405 400 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 290 150 140 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 2,400 1,170 1,235 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 235 90 145 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.6 4.5 4.7 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 4.8 4.7 4.9 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 5.4 5.5 5.3 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 5.3 5.2 5.4 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.5 2.1 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 75,175 37,090 38,080 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 74,570 36,805 37,765 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 74,570 36,810 37,765 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 2,985 1,140 1,840 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 9,245 4,575 4,670 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 10 10 0 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 10 0 0 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,240 4,570 4,665 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 110 55 50 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 0 0 0 540 335 205
Kabyle 0 0 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 0 0 0 370 235 135
Oromo 0 0 0 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 0 0 0 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 105 50 55 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 10 10 10 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 80 40 35 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 0 0 0 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 10 0 10 145 85 55
Tigrigna 10 0 10 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 10 20 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 10 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 30 10 15 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 195 75 115 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 0 0 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 15 10 0 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 0 0 0 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 15 10 10 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 10 0 0 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 65 95 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 40 35 0 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 75 35 40 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 0 0 0 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 45 20 20 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 35 10 20 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 0 0 0 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 8,160 4,050 4,115 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 25 15 15 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 0 0 0 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 310 95 215 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 10 0 0 1,360 660 705
Latvian 0 10 0 590 300 290
Lithuanian 0 0 0 775 360 415
Slavic languages 310 95 220 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 0 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,795 945 850
Croatian 10 0 10 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 25 0 25 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 0 0 0 535 270 265
Polish 120 40 80 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 70 25 45 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 40 15 25 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,095 550 540
Slovak 15 0 20 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 10 735 360 375
Ukrainian 10 10 10 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 250 120 130
Celtic languages 30 15 15 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 440 215 225
Welsh 10 15 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 220 225
Germanic languages 5,895 2,995 2,905 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 25 15 10 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 15 10 10 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 1,510 755 755 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 35 15 15 475 275 205
German 4,475 2,275 2,200 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 0 0 0 160 70 95
Norwegian 0 10 0 1,450 635 810
Swedish 10 0 0 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 50 35 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 0 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 245 105 140 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 155 85 70 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 430 230 195 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 400 205 185 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 20 15 10 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 85 45 40 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 195 90 100 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 10 0 10 625 300 320
Marathi 0 0 0 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 0 0 0 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 165 85 75 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 50 25 20 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 30 25 10 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 0 0 0 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 30 25 10 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 1,465 705 765 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 0 0 10 170 95 80
Italian 330 160 170 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 260 115 140 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 30 15 20 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 870 430 440 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 125
Japanese 135 75 60 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 225 130 100
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 80 30 45 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 20 15 0 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Edo 0 0 0 620 325 290
Ewe 0 0 0 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Ga 0 0 0 345 190 155
Ganda 0 0 0 610 305 305
Igbo 0 0 0 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 0 0 0 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 10 0 1,155 605 550
Shona 0 0 0 1,810 850 960
Swahili 0 0 10 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 10 10 0 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 0 0 0 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 60 30 30 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 30 10 15 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 130 55 75 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 130 55 75 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 55 25 35 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 0 0 0 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 75 30 45 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 10 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 10 0 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 10 0 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 195 105 90 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 160 80 80 1,520 730 795
Thai 70 35 35 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 25 15 10 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 630 325 300
Turkish 10 10 10 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 10 10 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 0 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 100 50 50 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 0 0 0 185 85 105
Finnish 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 95 45 50 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 75,175 37,095 38,080 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 73,670 36,400 37,275 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,420 8,430 7,985 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 57,255 27,970 29,285 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,505 700 810 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 75,180 37,095 38,085 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 68,290 33,850 34,435 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 6,670 3,125 3,545 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 3,585 1,655 1,925 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 750 390 365 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 965 445 520 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 820 380 440 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 465 210 260 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 355 170 180 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 550 260 290 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 215 115 100 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 6,670 3,125 3,545 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 1,095 540 555 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 1,370 645 725 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 1,715 755 960 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 2,235 1,075 1,155 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 260 110 145 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,670 3,125 3,545 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 1,580 750 830 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 10 0 10 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 20 10 10 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 20 15 10 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 25 10 20 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 10 10 0 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 70 40 30 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 620 300 320 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 0 0 0 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 60 35 30 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 545 230 315 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 195 105 100 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 3,905 1,815 2,090 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 20 0 20 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 20 10 10 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 370 165 205 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 75 35 40 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 30 15 15 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 35 45 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 135 50 80 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 1,065 545 525 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 95 35 60 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 125 65 60 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 20 0 20 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 15 0 15 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 55 25 25 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 15 10 10 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,355 625 730 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 440 200 245 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 150 90 65 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 0 0 0 1,340 715 625
Egypt 25 10 10 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 15 10 0 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 10 0 0 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 0 0 0 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 10 10 10 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 0 0 0 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 40 30 10 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 60 40 20 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 1,000 460 535 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 15 15 0 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 110 40 70 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 15 10 10 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 300 140 160 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 25 20 10 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 15 0 0 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 50 15 35 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 50 25 25 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 10 0 0 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 30 20 10 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 150 60 90 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 10 0 0 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10 10 0 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 0 0 0 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 25 10 15 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 185 95 85 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 40 10 25 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 545 255 290 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 275 140 145 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 10 0 10 860 370 490
Colombia 15 0 0 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 15 10 0 465 215 255
Haiti 10 10 0 385 240 150
Jamaica 10 0 0 1,660 765 895
Mexico 170 75 90 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 55 30 25 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 15 10 10 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 35 20 10 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 0 0 0 425 240 180
Germany 0 10 0 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 715 365 350
Romania 0 0 0 1,100 545 555
Russian Federation 0 0