Census Profile, 2016 Census
Essex, County [Census division], Ontario and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Essex, CTY
Ontario
[Census division]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Essex, County [Census division], Ontario  Map : Essex, County [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 398,953 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 388,782 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.6 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 168,569 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 159,053 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 215.5 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,850.90 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 398,950 196,255 202,695 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 66,770 34,370 32,405 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 20,175 10,390 9,785 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 22,635 11,640 10,995 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 23,965 12,340 11,625 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 261,740 130,110 131,635 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 25,220 13,050 12,170 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 27,080 14,060 13,025 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 23,395 11,910 11,485 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 21,815 10,530 11,285 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 23,020 11,080 11,945 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 25,880 12,580 13,295 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 28,020 13,825 14,200 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 31,240 15,500 15,745 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 29,995 14,920 15,075 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 26,070 12,660 13,415 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 70,440 31,785 38,660 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 23,270 11,160 12,105 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 16,455 7,950 8,505 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 12,130 5,500 6,635 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 8,915 3,895 5,020 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 9,670 3,270 6,395 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 5,965 2,280 3,680 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 2,915 810 2,100 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 695 155 535 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 100 25 80 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.5 16.0 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.3 64.9 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 17.7 16.2 19.1 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.2 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 41.4 40.3 42.4 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 42.4 41.3 43.5 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 159,055 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 111,145 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,665 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 33,500 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,830 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 8,870 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,485 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 13,135 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 175 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 745 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 159,055 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 45,550 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 53,040 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 24,055 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 22,360 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,045 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 391,005 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 332,180 161,890 170,290 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 186,655 93,615 93,040 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 163,055 81,835 81,215 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 23,600 11,775 11,825 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 145,525 68,275 77,255 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 92,590 50,555 42,030 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 10,155 4,395 5,760 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 21,875 9,110 12,765 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 20,915 4,220 16,695 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 111,325 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 54,890 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 23,660 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 21,725 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,050 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 111,325 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 90,865 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 79,070 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,795 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,455 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 16,360 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 4,095 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 90,870 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 42,885 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 47,985 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 17,660 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 19,925 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 10,400 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,455 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 12,010 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 6,000 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 2,450 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 63,525 30,850 32,675 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 159,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 106,035 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 40,850 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 65,185 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,590 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 50,430 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 45,550 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,880 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 395,110 194,770 200,340 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 348,270 173,910 174,365 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 430 175 255 1,485 680 800
English and French 38,310 17,115 21,200 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 8,105 3,580 4,525 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 395,110 194,770 200,340 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 374,515 185,365 189,150 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 10,080 4,700 5,375 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 2,560 1,205 1,360 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 7,955 3,500 4,455 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,365 5,305 6,055 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 395,110 194,770 200,340 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 386,140 190,410 195,725 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 299,180 147,865 151,320 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 288,485 142,875 145,610 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 10,700 4,995 5,710 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 86,955 42,550 44,405 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 55 25 30 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 30 15 20 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 10 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 5 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 5 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 86,900 42,520 44,380 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,525 9,235 9,295 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 10 10 5 40 25 15
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 575 250 330 1,750 875 875
Bilen 0 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 45 25 25 345 175 170
Somali 525 225 305 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 17,930 8,970 8,960 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 100 55 50 1,770 885 885
Arabic 14,435 7,250 7,185 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 465 230 235 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,425 1,180 1,245 0 0 0
Harari 0 5 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 25 15 10 545 320 225
Maltese 215 115 100 40 20 25
Tigrigna 130 60 65 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,395 1,145 1,255 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 420 195 230 280 135 145
Vietnamese 1,970 950 1,025 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,400 945 1,445 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 5 5 0 175 80 95
Cebuano 85 30 55 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 30 5 20 390 170 220
Ilocano 95 40 60 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 5 0 5 0 0 5
Malay 90 45 50 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 655 315 340
Pangasinan 5 5 0 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,015 795 1,220 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 150 70 85
Creole languages 220 100 115 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 15 10 10 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 165 75 90 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 690 390 300 1,565 825 735
Kannada 30 15 15 95 50 40
Malayalam 185 100 80 790 410 380
Tamil 305 165 135 480 255 230
Telugu 160 105 55 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 51,345 25,160 26,185 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 965 465 495 350 170 180
Armenian 210 95 115 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 12,185 5,710 6,480 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 75 30 50 165 65 95
Latvian 20 10 10 80 35 45
Lithuanian 55 20 35 85 35 45
Slavic languages 12,110 5,680 6,430 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 0 0 0 40 20 25
Bosnian 320 160 160 575 285 290
Bulgarian 110 45 65 140 70 65
Croatian 1,755 845 910 1,030 505 530
Czech 195 80 115 615 310 310
Macedonian 1,185 580 610 145 70 75
Polish 3,095 1,415 1,680 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 605 250 355 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 2,850 1,435 1,415 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 215 100 115 240 110 130
Slovak 915 415 500 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 155 65 90 270 130 140
Ukrainian 620 245 370 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 75 40 30
Celtic languages 25 10 15 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 50 25 20
Welsh 10 0 5 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 10 0
Germanic languages 9,125 4,385 4,745 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 35 20 20 420 220 205
Danish 65 30 35 280 145 135
Dutch 700 345 350 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 15 10 5 55 30 25
German 8,180 3,920 4,260 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 0 0 0 475 210 260
Norwegian 5 5 5 115 45 65
Swedish 15 10 5 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 35 50 310 125 180
Yiddish 20 10 10 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 10
Greek 1,050 515 530 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 8,415 4,365 4,055 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 7,540 3,940 3,600 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 645 320 320 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 785 455 330 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 705 395 310 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 10 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 5 0 5 35 20 15
Marathi 70 40 30 135 80 50
Nepali 460 225 235 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,475 1,285 1,185 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 35 15 15 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 60 670 345 320
Urdu 2,245 1,145 1,105 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 830 400 425 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 135 70 65 415 210 200
Pashto 50 20 30 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 645 310 330 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 19,370 9,620 9,750 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 9,595 4,670 4,925 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 2,360 1,140 1,215 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 2,235 1,065 1,170 645 310 335
Spanish 5,150 2,720 2,430 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 15 5 10
Japanese 85 40 50 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 475 235 235 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Mongolian 0 0 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 795 380 415 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 80 50 35 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 15 10 10 40 20 15
Ewe 10 5 10 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 65 35 30
Ga 5 5 5 15 10 5
Ganda 25 15 10 50 20 30
Igbo 50 20 30 280 155 130
Lingala 25 10 15 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 20 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 30 35 250 125 120
Shona 10 5 5 110 50 60
Swahili 205 95 115 870 420 455
Wolof 10 0 10 75 50 25
Yoruba 140 70 75 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 100 95 395 215 180
Dinka 55 25 30 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 225 125 100
Sign languages 105 45 60 440 230 210
American Sign Language 50 25 25 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 25 30 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,220 3,580 3,645 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 6,855 3,390 3,465 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 2,055 1,015 1,045 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 30 15 15 55 30 25
Mandarin 4,045 2,000 2,045 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 45 55 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 25 40 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 560 290 265 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 365 190 175 575 295 285
Burmese 45 25 20 85 50 30
Karenic languages 300 155 150 430 215 220
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 430 210 225 1,120 525 595
Lao 235 105 120 875 445 430
Thai 195 95 100 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 465 225 240 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 30 20 15
Turkish 380 185 190 210 120 95
Uyghur 40 15 25 10 5 10
Uzbek 10 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 25 20
Uralic languages 1,510 705 805 1,440 655 790
Estonian 15 5 5 30 10 15
Finnish 120 55 60 225 85 135
Hungarian 1,380 645 730 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 155 85 70
Multiple responses 8,970 4,355 4,615 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 1,860 845 1,015 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 6,400 3,185 3,215 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 410 185 230 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 305 140 160 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 395,115 194,770 200,340 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 377,430 186,145 191,285 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 333,670 164,825 168,845 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 330,760 163,505 167,255 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 2,910 1,320 1,595 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 43,760 21,320 22,435 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,740 21,310 22,425 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,070 5,310 5,760 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 5 0 5 20 15 5
Kabyle 5 0 5 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 375 155 225 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 30 15 10 210 95 115
Somali 345 135 205 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 10,685 5,150 5,535 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 45 25 25 1,045 520 525
Arabic 8,640 4,180 4,460 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 305 145 155 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,515 720 795 0 0 0
Harari 5 5 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0 355 195 160
Maltese 35 15 20 10 5 5
Tigrigna 55 25 25 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,570 740 830 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 235 105 125 125 55 70
Vietnamese 1,335 640 700 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,045 475 570 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 5 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 35 20 15 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 125 55 75
Ilocano 15 5 10 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 30 15 20 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 0 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 920 415 500 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 30 15 15
Creole languages 140 70 75 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 120 55 70 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 345 175 170 800 400 400
Kannada 15 5 10 45 25 25
Malayalam 80 40 45 405 195 205
Tamil 175 90 85 240 120 120
Telugu 70 40 25 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 22,500 11,040 11,460 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 465 235 235 155 80 75
Armenian 95 40 60 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 4,930 2,325 2,600 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 10 0 10 25 10 15
Latvian 5 0 0 15 5 5
Lithuanian 10 5 5 10 5 5
Slavic languages 4,915 2,325 2,595 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 165 75 90 285 145 140
Bulgarian 40 15 15 65 30 30
Croatian 565 265 300 320 145 180
Czech 55 25 35 115 55 60
Macedonian 520 260 260 85 35 45
Polish 1,320 615 700 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 295 125 165 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 1,470 715 750 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 95 40 55 90 40 50
Slovak 275 120 155 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 55 20 30
Ukrainian 80 30 45 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 10 5 5
Celtic languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,955 1,460 1,500 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 5 5 5 200 100 100
Danish 5 0 0 10 5 5
Dutch 50 25 25 270 135 130
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 2,760 1,365 1,390 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 465 240 225
Greek 395 190 210 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 5,300 2,670 2,630 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 4,805 2,445 2,360 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 385 190 200 690 390 305
Gujarati 505 285 220 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 365 195 175 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 5 10 5 5
Marathi 30 15 15 40 25 20
Nepali 385 180 200 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,670 850 820 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 5 5 0 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 30 360 190 170
Urdu 1,405 700 705 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 475 215 255 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 85 40 40 275 135 140
Pashto 30 15 15 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 360 165 195 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 8,355 4,125 4,225 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 2,925 1,230 1,695 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 950 425 525 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 1,135 555 580 235 110 125
Spanish 3,335 1,910 1,425 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 35 15 20 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 340 175 165 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 265 125 140 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 5 5 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 10 5 10 75 40 35
Lingala 10 10 5 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 105 55 50
Shona 10 5 5 10 5 10
Swahili 70 30 40 500 240 265
Wolof 10 5 5 25 20 10
Yoruba 40 20 25 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 40 55 130 60 70
Dinka 30 10 15 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 55 30 25
Sign languages 115 60 55 560 310 255
American Sign Language 30 20 15 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 75 40 40 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,220 2,615 2,605 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 4,905 2,455 2,450 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 1,370 665 705 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 5 5 0 25 10 15
Mandarin 3,050 1,545 1,505 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 15 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 30 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 385 195 195 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 315 165 155 465 235 225
Burmese 35 15 20 55 30 25
Karenic languages 270 140 130 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 275 155 125 535 250 280
Lao 125 60 65 430 210 220
Thai 150 90 60 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 245 110 135 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 10 5 10
Turkish 200 95 115 65 35 35
Uyghur 25 10 20 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Uralic languages 460 200 260 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 25 10 15 35 15 15
Hungarian 440 190 245 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 40 25 20
Multiple responses 17,680 8,620 9,060 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 1,035 460 575 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 15,990 7,895 8,100 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 130 50 80 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 520 215 305 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 395,110 194,770 200,340 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 340,690 168,580 172,110 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 18,810 9,310 9,500 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 7,575 3,235 4,335 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 26,920 13,120 13,805 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 45 15 25 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 26,875 13,100 13,775 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 250 110 140 305 150 150
English and non-official language 375 190 185 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 480 220 255 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 324,325 158,215 166,115 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 309,220 151,560 157,660 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,040 41,227 26,872 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 309,345 151,565 157,785 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,263 36,829 25,086 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 270,210 136,295 133,910 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,258 39,523 24,203 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 234,280 106,815 127,460 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,139 4,520 6,834 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,595 119,410 104,180 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,129 35,426 26,009 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 324,330 158,165 166,165 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 309,265 151,560 157,705 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,139 52,973 35,650 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 309,395 151,565 157,825 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,436 44,102 31,034 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 270,510 136,220 134,295 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,419 52,892 33,810 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 234,755 107,020 127,735 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,116 7,697 8,468 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,595 119,170 104,425 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,020 48,637 34,468 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 324,325 158,165 166,165 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 100,680 57,865 42,815 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,515 59,696 45,314 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,848 72,166 52,606 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.0 89.8 80.6 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.7 72.2 63.7 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.0 10.2 19.4 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 324,330 158,215 166,115 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 15,110 6,655 8,455 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 309,220 151,560 157,660 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.8 94.9 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,625 19,925 26,700 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 53,800 20,560 33,240 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 42,810 16,725 26,085 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 36,090 16,275 19,820 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 33,845 17,920 15,920 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 24,160 13,455 10,705 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 17,325 10,335 6,990 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 13,365 8,570 4,800 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 10,610 6,800 3,815 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 8,830 5,100 3,725 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 21,760 15,890 5,870 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 15,145 10,725 4,420 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 6,620 5,165 1,450 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 324,325 158,215 166,115 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 14,980 6,650 8,330 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 309,345 151,565 157,780 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.4 95.8 95.0 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 47,945 20,155 27,790 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 56,130 21,520 34,605 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 49,495 19,835 29,655 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 44,415 21,605 22,815 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 36,000 19,750 16,255 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 23,675 14,225 9,450 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 16,875 10,975 5,900 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 12,395 7,525 4,865 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 22,415 15,970 6,445 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 7,225 4,780 2,450 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 4,060 2,870 1,190 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 11,130 8,325 2,805 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 324,325 158,215 166,115 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 100,735 38,805 61,930 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 223,590 119,410 104,180 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 68.9 75.5 62.7 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,160 23,555 17,605 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 17,270 7,555 9,715 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 28,995 12,625 16,370 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 23,970 10,360 13,615 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 22,205 10,245 11,960 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 19,715 9,605 10,110 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 15,230 8,550 6,675 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 11,730 7,215 4,520 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 10,335 6,845 3,490 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 32,975 22,850 10,125 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 8,220 5,345 2,880 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 7,540 4,245 3,290 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 17,215 13,265 3,955 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 159,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,658 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,274 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 45,550 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,491 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,338 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 113,500 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,248 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,283 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 159,055 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,824 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,821 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 45,520 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,472 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,928 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 113,530 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,806 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,212 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 159,055 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,715 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,755 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,015 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,275 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,860 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,555 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,925 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,010 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,170 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,065 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,190 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,725 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,530 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,485 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,310 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 47,460 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,050 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,835 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,960 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,620 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 159,055 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,825 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,805 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,085 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,500 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,685 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,415 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,005 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,500 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,405 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,265 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,080 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,420 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,780 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,855 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,225 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 35,205 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,705 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,685 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,815 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 110,170 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,865 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,726 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 39,945 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,658 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,708 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 48,395 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,711 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,045 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 19,085 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,742 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,748 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 110,080 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,744 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,901 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 39,800 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,840 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,093 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 48,450 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,518 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,195 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,995 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,923 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,544 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 55,755 27,625 28,130 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,925 33,959 29,003 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,486 30,643 27,049 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 55,755 27,620 28,135 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,004 43,110 36,955 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,190 36,099 32,315 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 391,000 192,530 198,475 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 198,645 94,520 104,120 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 44,115 21,345 22,770 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 39,885 17,820 22,070 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 38,715 18,170 20,550 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 37,830 18,220 19,610 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 38,095 18,965 19,130 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 192,355 98,010 94,350 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 38,825 19,510 19,310 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 38,775 19,665 19,115 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 39,840 20,380 19,455 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 39,635 20,265 19,370 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 35,285 18,190 17,095 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 391,000 192,530 198,475 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 81,610 41,975 39,635 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 24,350 12,525 11,825 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 243,540 120,225 123,315 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 65,845 30,330 35,525 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 64,665 30,230 34,435 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 18,480 9,450 9,035 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 6,340 3,240 3,105 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 38,655 18,110 20,545 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 7,530 2,675 4,855 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 15.7 17.3 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.6 22.5 22.8 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 26.0 25.9 26.3 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 15.9 15.1 16.7 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 11.4 8.8 13.7 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 34,975 17,360 17,620 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 8,960 4,550 4,405 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 3,170 1,645 1,520 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 24,330 12,110 12,225 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 1,685 700 990 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.9 9.0 8.9 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 11.0 10.8 11.1 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 13.0 13.1 12.9 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 10.1 9.9 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.3 2.8 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 391,000 192,530 198,475 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 383,855 189,610 194,245 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 383,490 189,460 194,035 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 38,630 17,135 21,485 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 104,210 51,290 52,915 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 90 40 50 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 15 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 0 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 20 15 10 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 15 0 15 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 30 15 20 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 25 10 20 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 15 10 10 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 104,125 51,255 52,870 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 23,415 11,750 11,665 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 0 10 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 750 335 420 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 75 30 45 535 275 260
Somali 675 300 370 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 22,765 11,460 11,310 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 215 100 115 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 20,540 10,380 10,155 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 545 290 255 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,280 1,570 1,710 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 115 45 75 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 325 175 150 65 30 35
Tigrigna 155 60 95 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 65 115 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,880 1,410 1,475 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 610 290 315 335 185 150
Vietnamese 2,285 1,120 1,160 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,015 1,205 1,810 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 25 20 10 225 100 125
Cebuano 160 70 85 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 35 0 25 425 180 245
Ilocano 175 70 110 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 10 0 0 0
Malay 75 55 15 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 20 25 945 415 530
Pangasinan 10 0 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,765 1,065 1,700 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 200 80 120
Creole languages 450 175 275 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 365 135 235 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 45 40 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 875 495 380 1,840 945 895
Kannada 55 30 20 175 95 80
Malayalam 140 60 80 830 400 430
Tamil 555 325 230 655 330 325
Telugu 175 110 65 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 61,325 30,375 30,950 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 1,315 625 690 390 195 195
Armenian 245 120 130 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 13,705 6,600 7,110 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 100 30 70 230 90 140
Latvian 25 10 20 115 45 70
Lithuanian 70 30 45 120 50 65
Slavic languages 13,610 6,570 7,045 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 15 0 15 65 25 45
Bosnian 375 195 180 835 405 430
Bulgarian 105 50 55 155 95 60
Croatian 2,505 1,230 1,280 1,595 765 825
Czech 245 120 125 735 335 395
Macedonian 1,435 725 715 140 75 60
Polish 3,605 1,665 1,935 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 1,075 490 580 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 3,695 1,880 1,815 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 230 120 115 190 75 115
Slovak 965 425 540 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 180 75 100 275 100 175
Ukrainian 595 225 360 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 140 70 65 70 35 30
Celtic languages 35 10 25 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 90 65 25
Welsh 0 0 0 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 45 15 25
Germanic languages 10,960 5,460 5,500 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 130 65 65 715 330 385
Danish 115 55 65 270 120 150
Dutch 765 380 390 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 20 15 10 90 65 30
German 9,640 4,860 4,780 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 0 0 0 560 225 335
Norwegian 10 0 10 290 115 175
Swedish 45 25 15 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 40 60 270 120 155
Yiddish 15 10 15 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 625 295 325 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 1,560 770 790 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 10,485 5,620 4,865 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 9,430 5,070 4,360 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 815 420 390 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 950 585 365 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 2,750 1,575 1,175 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 45 15 30 20 15 10
Konkani 15 10 0 40 30 10
Marathi 115 65 55 275 170 105
Nepali 445 235 210 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,285 1,730 1,555 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 75 45 30 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 75 70 920 500 420
Urdu 3,525 1,830 1,695 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 1,070 570 505 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 170 100 70 600 295 305
Pashto 50 25 25 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 875 465 415 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 24,690 12,160 12,520 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 12,535 6,205 6,325 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 3,010 1,490 1,520 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 2,595 1,220 1,375 785 395 390
Spanish 7,230 3,635 3,595 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 60 45 15
Japanese 235 135 100 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 525 270 250 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,330 665 660 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 130 80 45 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 40 20 15 95 60 30
Ewe 25 10 15 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 10 10 0 30 10 15
Ganda 10 10 0 230 110 120
Igbo 115 55 60 665 345 325
Lingala 130 60 70 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 55 70 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 45 70 305 155 155
Shona 10 0 10 250 110 140
Swahili 335 175 160 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 20 0 15 150 85 70
Yoruba 270 140 130 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 120 140 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 85 80 410 225 185
Dinka 35 15 20 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 225 120 105
Sign languages 720 300 420 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 415 160 255 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 310 145 160 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,065 3,870 4,195 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 7,765 3,715 4,050 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 2,560 1,195 1,370 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 20 0 20 50 30 20
Mandarin 5,035 2,400 2,635 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 145 135 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 45 70 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 500 255 240 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 310 160 155 675 310 370
Burmese 85 40 45 185 115 70
Karenic languages 275 135 135 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 545 250 295 1,565 730 835
Lao 330 155 170 1,120 520 600
Thai 310 140 170 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 645 330 315 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 30 25 0 50 25 30
Turkish 580 285 290 365 180 185
Uyghur 20 15 10 30 15 10
Uzbek 10 0 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 45 15 30
Uralic languages 2,005 1,010 990 1,550 730 815
Estonian 20 10 10 45 20 25
Finnish 110 60 50 265 105 160
Hungarian 1,875 940 935 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 391,000 192,530 198,475 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 368,575 181,630 186,940 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,200 40,225 37,980 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 290,375 141,410 148,965 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 22,430 10,895 11,530 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 391,000 192,530 198,470 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 300,465 148,720 151,750 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 85,810 40,975 44,840 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 28,710 13,855 14,855 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 10,370 4,975 5,390 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 17,590 8,210 9,380 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 18,340 8,680 9,660 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 9,170 4,405 4,765 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 9,170 4,280 4,890 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,800 5,255 5,550 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,725 2,845 1,885 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 85,810 40,970 44,835 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 10,520 5,275 5,245 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 16,355 8,410 7,945 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 20,215 9,005 11,215 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 31,875 15,150 16,725 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 6,850 3,135 3,710 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 85,810 40,975 44,835 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 15,380 6,685 8,695 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 190 75 110 435 170 265
Colombia 405 190 215 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 820 385 435 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 100 30 70 1,135 515 620
Haiti 225 60 160 155 75 80
Jamaica 755 365 390 1,810 835 970
Mexico 3,890 1,900 1,985 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 40 10 35 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 280 120 160 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,920 2,700 4,220 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 1,750 845 910 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 31,815 15,600 16,220 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,145 545 595 1,055 530 525
Croatia 2,015 1,050 965 975 445 535
France 365 175 190 795 425 365
Germany 1,310 650 655 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 815 420 395 820 445 375
Hungary 810 380 430 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 160 75 85 650 310 340
Italy 6,625 3,370 3,260 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 680 380 295 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 2,460 1,125 1,335 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 1,655 800 855 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 2,300 1,070 1,235 720 345 375
Russian Federation 450 210 240 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,660 860 795 355 175 175
Ukraine 275 125 155 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,120 2,430 2,690 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 3,970 1,950 2,020 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 4,090 2,015 2,075 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 70 40 30 115 60 55
Egypt 435 225 210 980 525 455
Ethiopia 235 120 115 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 80 50 35 935 470 465
Morocco 70 30 35 250 140 110
Nigeria 490 265 225 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 360 135 225 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 375 175 200 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 1,975 980 995 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 34,360 16,575 17,785 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 115 40 70 615 285 330
Bangladesh 615 310 300 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,900 1,695 2,205 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 525 260 270 1,460 715 735
India 4,010 2,135 1,875 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 650 340 310 1,180 655 530
Iraq 6,255 2,980 3,280 860 460 400
Japan 45 15 30 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 360 190 170 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 4,565 2,280 2,285 265 165 100
Pakistan 2,105 1,090 1,020 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 2,830 1,130 1,700 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 235 120 120 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,775 870 905 805 390 410
Taiwan 270 135 130 215 110 110
Viet Nam 1,740 860 880 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 4,355 2,130 2,230 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 165 95 65 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,805 5,250 5,545 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 1,940 975 960 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 30 15 15 100 35 65
Colombia 35 10 30 185 70 120
Cuba 25 10 20 75 25 55
Haiti 100 25 80 15 10 0
Jamaica 105 65 40 340 175 165
Mexico 390 220 175 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 955 510 445 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 25 40 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 220 110 110 1,490 640 850
Europe 780 380 400 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 10 10 0 135 70 75
Germany 35 25 10 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 0 160 85 70
Romania 85 35 50 70 30 35
Russian Federation 20 10 10 1,145