Census Profile, 2016 Census
Essex, County [Census division], Ontario and Saskatchewan [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Essex, CTY
Ontario
[Census division]
Saskatchewan

[Province]
Data quality , Essex, County [Census division], Ontario  Map : Essex, County [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 398,953 ... ... 1,098,352 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 388,782 ... ... 1,033,381 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.6 ... ... 6.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 168,569 ... ... 495,582 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 159,053 ... ... 432,622 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 215.5 ... ... 1.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,850.90 ... ... 588,243.54 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 398,950 196,255 202,695 1,098,350 545,785 552,565
0 to 14 years 66,770 34,370 32,405 215,685 110,410 105,275
0 to 4 years 20,175 10,390 9,785 73,130 37,335 35,795
5 to 9 years 22,635 11,640 10,995 74,460 38,155 36,305
10 to 14 years 23,965 12,340 11,625 68,095 34,920 33,175
15 to 64 years 261,740 130,110 131,635 712,240 358,110 354,130
15 to 19 years 25,220 13,050 12,170 67,660 34,675 32,980
20 to 24 years 27,080 14,060 13,025 70,060 36,075 33,985
25 to 29 years 23,395 11,910 11,485 77,525 39,290 38,235
30 to 34 years 21,815 10,530 11,285 77,520 38,610 38,915
35 to 39 years 23,020 11,080 11,945 71,590 35,940 35,650
40 to 44 years 25,880 12,580 13,295 64,950 32,515 32,440
45 to 49 years 28,020 13,825 14,200 63,580 31,780 31,795
50 to 54 years 31,240 15,500 15,745 75,245 37,230 38,015
55 to 59 years 29,995 14,920 15,075 76,195 38,070 38,125
60 to 64 years 26,070 12,660 13,415 67,915 33,935 33,985
65 years and over 70,440 31,785 38,660 170,425 77,265 93,160
65 to 69 years 23,270 11,160 12,105 53,230 26,285 26,945
70 to 74 years 16,455 7,950 8,505 37,740 18,225 19,510
75 to 79 years 12,130 5,500 6,635 29,400 13,415 15,985
80 to 84 years 8,915 3,895 5,020 23,115 9,945 13,170
85 years and over 9,670 3,270 6,395 26,940 9,395 17,550
85 to 89 years 5,965 2,280 3,680 16,280 6,305 9,975
90 to 94 years 2,915 810 2,100 8,000 2,515 5,485
95 to 99 years 695 155 535 2,290 520 1,760
100 years and over 100 25 80 375 50 325
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.5 16.0 19.6 20.2 19.1
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.3 64.9 64.8 65.6 64.1
65 years and over 17.7 16.2 19.1 15.5 14.2 16.9
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.2 2.5 1.7 3.2
Average age of the population 41.4 40.3 42.4 39.1 38.2 40.0
Median age of the population 42.4 41.3 43.5 37.8 36.9 38.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 159,055 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
Single-detached house 111,145 ... ... 314,340 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,665 ... ... 10,520 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 33,500 ... ... 98,435 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,830 ... ... 12,705 ... ...
Row house 8,870 ... ... 18,535 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,485 ... ... 9,385 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 13,135 ... ... 57,115 ... ...
Other single-attached house 175 ... ... 700 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 745 ... ... 9,325 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 159,055 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
1 person 45,550 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
2 persons 53,040 ... ... 153,610 ... ...
3 persons 24,055 ... ... 60,240 ... ...
4 persons 22,360 ... ... 56,080 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,045 ... ... 41,520 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 391,005 ... ... 1,070,560 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 332,180 161,890 170,290 882,670 435,375 447,290
Married or living common law 186,655 93,615 93,040 520,430 261,075 259,355
Married 163,055 81,835 81,215 437,875 219,800 218,075
Living common law 23,600 11,775 11,825 82,550 41,270 41,280
Not married and not living common law 145,525 68,275 77,255 362,240 174,310 187,930
Never married 92,590 50,555 42,030 242,070 133,750 108,325
Separated 10,155 4,395 5,760 19,795 8,945 10,855
Divorced 21,875 9,110 12,765 47,180 20,985 26,200
Widowed 20,915 4,220 16,695 53,190 10,635 42,555
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 111,325 ... ... 302,260 ... ...
2 persons 54,890 ... ... 157,195 ... ...
3 persons 23,660 ... ... 58,770 ... ...
4 persons 21,725 ... ... 54,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,050 ... ... 32,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 111,325 ... ... 302,260 ... ...
Total couple families 90,865 ... ... 252,765 ... ...
Married couples 79,070 ... ... 211,500 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,795 ... ... 41,265 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,455 ... ... 49,495 ... ...
Female parent 16,360 ... ... 38,165 ... ...
Male parent 4,095 ... ... 11,330 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 90,870 ... ... 252,770 ... ...
Couples without children 42,885 ... ... 129,085 ... ...
Couples with children 47,985 ... ... 123,685 ... ...
1 child 17,660 ... ... 45,495 ... ...
2 children 19,925 ... ... 49,035 ... ...
3 or more children 10,400 ... ... 29,150 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,455 ... ... 49,490 ... ...
1 child 12,010 ... ... 28,110 ... ...
2 children 6,000 ... ... 13,280 ... ...
3 or more children 2,450 ... ... 8,105 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 63,525 30,850 32,675 187,765 95,550 92,210
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 159,050 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
One-census-family households 106,035 ... ... 285,675 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 40,850 ... ... 124,620 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 65,185 ... ... 161,055 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,590 ... ... 7,975 ... ...
Non-census-family households 50,430 ... ... 138,965 ... ...
One-person households 45,550 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,880 ... ... 17,795 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 395,110 194,770 200,340 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
English only 348,270 173,910 174,365 1,023,400 511,940 511,460
French only 430 175 255 535 255 280
English and French 38,310 17,115 21,200 51,360 23,290 28,065
Neither English nor French 8,105 3,580 4,525 7,945 3,620 4,325
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 395,110 194,770 200,340 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
English 374,515 185,365 189,150 1,060,225 528,155 532,075
French 10,080 4,700 5,375 13,555 6,590 6,960
English and French 2,560 1,205 1,360 1,770 890 885
Neither English nor French 7,955 3,500 4,455 7,685 3,475 4,220
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,365 5,305 6,055 14,435 7,035 7,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.9 2.7 3.0 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 395,110 194,770 200,340 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
Single responses 386,140 190,410 195,725 1,064,675 530,145 534,530
Official languages 299,180 147,865 151,320 907,715 452,955 454,760
English 288,485 142,875 145,610 892,615 445,635 446,985
French 10,700 4,995 5,710 15,100 7,320 7,775
Non-official languages 86,955 42,550 44,405 156,960 77,195 79,770
Aboriginal languages 55 25 30 28,340 13,685 14,660
Algonquian languages 30 15 20 19,965 9,640 10,325
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 10 19,015 9,190 9,825
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 15 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 2,080 975 1,105
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 250 115 135
Woods Cree 0 0 0 780 370 410
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15,860 7,710 8,155
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 935 445 490
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 5 925 440 485
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 7,860 3,800 4,060
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 7,860 3,805 4,055
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 7,855 3,800 4,055
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 35 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 20 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 5
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 235 110 125
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 230 110 120
Dakota 0 0 0 195 85 105
Stoney 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 5 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 86,900 42,520 44,380 128,620 63,510 65,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,525 9,235 9,295 6,770 3,560 3,215
Berber languages 10 10 5 10 5 0
Kabyle 10 5 5 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 0
Cushitic languages 575 250 330 1,050 505 545
Bilen 0 0 0 55 25 30
Oromo 45 25 25 195 100 90
Somali 525 225 305 775 355 415
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Semitic languages 17,930 8,970 8,960 5,685 3,035 2,650
Amharic 100 55 50 290 140 155
Arabic 14,435 7,250 7,185 4,040 2,200 1,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 465 230 235 305 160 145
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,425 1,180 1,245 150 75 75
Harari 0 5 5 5 0 0
Hebrew 25 15 10 75 45 30
Maltese 215 115 100 10 5 5
Tigrigna 130 60 65 680 340 340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 130 65 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 15 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,395 1,145 1,255 2,560 1,250 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 420 195 230 135 70 70
Vietnamese 1,970 950 1,025 2,420 1,180 1,235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,400 945 1,445 23,415 11,130 12,280
Bikol 5 5 0 85 40 40
Cebuano 85 30 55 1,545 685 855
Fijian 0 0 0 25 20 5
Hiligaynon 30 5 20 255 120 140
Ilocano 95 40 60 790 370 415
Malagasy 5 0 5 0 0 0
Malay 90 45 50 125 55 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 175 80 95
Pangasinan 5 5 0 40 15 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,015 795 1,220 20,045 9,590 10,455
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 60 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 265 125 140
Creole languages 220 100 115 220 105 120
Haitian Creole 15 10 10 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 165 75 90 150 70 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 65 30 35
Dravidian languages 690 390 300 1,560 865 700
Kannada 30 15 15 60 35 30
Malayalam 185 100 80 850 455 395
Tamil 305 165 135 350 200 150
Telugu 160 105 55 285 165 120
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 10 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 51,345 25,160 26,185 73,170 36,230 36,930
Albanian 965 465 495 380 190 190
Armenian 210 95 115 70 40 30
Balto-Slavic languages 12,185 5,710 6,480 18,460 8,490 9,970
Baltic languages 75 30 50 175 85 90
Latvian 20 10 10 100 45 50
Lithuanian 55 20 35 75 40 35
Slavic languages 12,110 5,680 6,430 18,285 8,400 9,885
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 320 160 160 225 110 120
Bulgarian 110 45 65 65 35 30
Croatian 1,755 845 910 455 240 220
Czech 195 80 115 235 115 125
Macedonian 1,185 580 610 55 30 30
Polish 3,095 1,415 1,680 1,865 850 1,015
Russian 605 250 355 3,045 1,460 1,580
Serbian 2,850 1,435 1,415 465 235 225
Serbo-Croatian 215 100 115 120 60 65
Slovak 915 415 500 115 60 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 155 65 90 80 40 45
Ukrainian 620 245 370 11,270 5,035 6,230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 290 145 145
Celtic languages 25 10 15 60 30 30
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 10 5 5
Welsh 10 0 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 5
Germanic languages 9,125 4,385 4,745 24,455 11,710 12,745
Afrikaans 35 20 20 880 450 430
Danish 65 30 35 255 145 110
Dutch 700 345 350 1,385 685 700
Frisian 15 10 5 30 20 10
German 8,180 3,920 4,260 21,320 10,150 11,170
Icelandic 0 0 0 55 20 25
Norwegian 5 5 5 310 140 165
Swedish 15 10 5 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 35 50 60 25 35
Yiddish 20 10 10 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Greek 1,050 515 530 935 490 445
Indo-Iranian languages 8,415 4,365 4,055 22,335 12,065 10,270
Indo-Aryan languages 7,540 3,940 3,600 19,995 10,780 9,210
Bengali 645 320 320 2,795 1,495 1,300
Gujarati 785 455 330 2,510 1,420 1,090
Hindi 705 395 310 1,545 880 665
Kashmiri 10 0 0 20 10 10
Konkani 5 0 5 35 15 10
Marathi 70 40 30 140 80 55
Nepali 460 225 235 770 400 370
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 25 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,475 1,285 1,185 5,250 2,890 2,360
Sindhi 35 15 15 120 65 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 60 270 130 135
Urdu 2,245 1,145 1,105 6,520 3,380 3,135
Iranian languages 830 400 425 2,065 1,130 940
Kurdish 135 70 65 145 80 65
Pashto 50 20 30 555 315 235
Persian (Farsi) 645 310 330 1,370 735 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 275 155 120
Italic (Romance) languages 19,370 9,620 9,750 6,470 3,225 3,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Italian 9,595 4,670 4,925 705 365 340
Portuguese 2,360 1,140 1,215 615 265 350
Romanian 2,235 1,065 1,170 850 425 430
Spanish 5,150 2,720 2,430 4,290 2,165 2,125
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 10 5 5
Japanese 85 40 50 320 100 220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Korean 475 235 235 1,670 800 865
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 40 20 25
Mongolian 0 0 0 40 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 795 380 415 2,310 1,235 1,075
Akan (Twi) 80 50 35 190 115 75
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Edo 15 10 10 35 20 15
Ewe 10 5 10 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 25 15 5
Ga 5 5 5 20 15 5
Ganda 25 15 10 35 15 20
Igbo 50 20 30 215 125 90
Lingala 25 10 15 30 20 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 20 145 85 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 30 35 115 55 60
Shona 10 5 5 90 55 40
Swahili 205 95 115 425 220 205
Wolof 10 0 10 20 10 10
Yoruba 140 70 75 465 240 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 430 220 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 100 95 335 195 140
Dinka 55 25 30 115 70 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 220 120 100
Sign languages 105 45 60 200 100 100
American Sign Language 50 25 25 65 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 25 30 135 70 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,220 3,580 3,645 13,500 6,700 6,795
Chinese languages 6,855 3,390 3,465 12,460 6,165 6,290
Cantonese 2,055 1,015 1,045 3,775 1,830 1,950
Hakka 30 15 15 35 20 15
Mandarin 4,045 2,000 2,045 7,230 3,600 3,630
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 45 55 210 110 100
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 25 40 60 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 560 290 265 1,135 570 565
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 365 190 175 1,040 530 505
Burmese 45 25 20 180 115 65
Karenic languages 300 155 150 810 395 415
Tibetan 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 35 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 430 210 225 525 235 290
Lao 235 105 120 345 175 170
Thai 195 95 100 180 55 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 465 225 240 360 185 175
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 25 10 10
Turkish 380 185 190 290 155 130
Uyghur 40 15 25 5 0 5
Uzbek 10 5 5 30 5 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 10 10
Uralic languages 1,510 705 805 1,555 735 820
Estonian 15 5 5 20 10 10
Finnish 120 55 60 205 85 120
Hungarian 1,380 645 730 1,330 650 685
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 100 55 45
Multiple responses 8,970 4,355 4,615 18,560 8,955 9,605
English and French 1,860 845 1,015 2,045 985 1,060
English and non-official language 6,400 3,185 3,215 15,925 7,675 8,245
French and non-official language 410 185 230 315 150 165
English, French and non-official language 305 140 160 280 145 135
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 395,115 194,770 200,340 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
Single responses 377,430 186,145 191,285 1,049,130 522,390 526,740
Official languages 333,670 164,825 168,845 968,625 481,845 486,780
English 330,760 163,505 167,255 964,640 479,915 484,730
French 2,910 1,320 1,595 3,985 1,930 2,050
Non-official languages 43,760 21,320 22,435 80,505 40,540 39,960
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 16,605 8,355 8,245
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 10,145 5,185 4,960
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 10,000 5,105 4,895
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,195 580 610
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 95 40 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 180 100 85
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 8,525 4,380 4,145
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 75 65
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 145 80 70
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,235
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 6,365 3,130 3,230
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,230
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 45 20 25
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 50 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 35 15 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,740 21,310 22,425 63,905 32,185 31,720
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,070 5,310 5,760 4,625 2,340 2,290
Berber languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kabyle 5 0 5 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 375 155 225 720 335 380
Bilen 0 0 0 30 15 15
Oromo 30 15 10 140 75 70
Somali 345 135 205 530 245 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Semitic languages 10,685 5,150 5,535 3,900 1,995 1,905
Amharic 45 25 25 150 75 70
Arabic 8,640 4,180 4,460 2,890 1,500 1,390
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 305 145 155 225 105 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,515 720 795 115 60 55
Harari 5 5 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0 25 10 15
Maltese 35 15 20 0 0 0
Tigrigna 55 25 25 430 205 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 70 40 30
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,570 740 830 1,740 850 895
Khmer (Cambodian) 235 105 125 40 20 25
Vietnamese 1,335 640 700 1,700 830 865
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,045 475 570 12,515 6,210 6,300
Bikol 5 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 35 20 15 580 280 295
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 110 60 50
Ilocano 15 5 10 240 115 120
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 30 15 20 35 20 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 0 70 35 35
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 920 415 500 11,345 5,630 5,715
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 95 50 45
Creole languages 140 70 75 95 35 65
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 120 55 70 65 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 35 10 20
Dravidian languages 345 175 170 845 440 410
Kannada 15 5 10 20 10 10
Malayalam 80 40 45 525 265 260
Tamil 175 90 85 155 90 65
Telugu 70 40 25 145 75 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 22,500 11,040 11,460 31,235 15,915 15,325
Albanian 465 235 235 205 100 100
Armenian 95 40 60 45 25 20
Balto-Slavic languages 4,930 2,325 2,600 5,170 2,560 2,610
Baltic languages 10 0 10 80 35 45
Latvian 5 0 0 40 20 20
Lithuanian 10 5 5 40 15 25
Slavic languages 4,915 2,325 2,595 5,090 2,525 2,560
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 165 75 90 85 45 40
Bulgarian 40 15 15 35 20 15
Croatian 565 265 300 170 85 85
Czech 55 25 35 30 20 15
Macedonian 520 260 260 35 15 15
Polish 1,320 615 700 480 220 255
Russian 295 125 165 1,725 875 840
Serbian 1,470 715 750 270 140 130
Serbo-Croatian 95 40 55 45 20 25
Slovak 275 120 155 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 5 5 0
Ukrainian 80 30 45 2,010 985 1,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 170 80 90
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 2,955 1,460 1,500 8,110 3,990 4,120
Afrikaans 5 5 5 530 275 250
Danish 5 0 0 10 5 0
Dutch 50 25 25 200 110 95
Frisian 5 0 0 5 0 0
German 2,760 1,365 1,390 7,290 3,565 3,725
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 0 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 45 25 20
Greek 395 190 210 395 190 205
Indo-Iranian languages 5,300 2,670 2,630 14,385 7,560 6,825
Indo-Aryan languages 4,805 2,445 2,360 12,960 6,820 6,140
Bengali 385 190 200 1,915 980 930
Gujarati 505 285 220 1,585 865 720
Hindi 365 195 175 880 490 390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 5 10 5 5
Marathi 30 15 15 55 30 30
Nepali 385 180 200 570 290 275
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,670 850 820 3,485 1,885 1,605
Sindhi 5 5 0 55 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 30 140 70 70
Urdu 1,405 700 705 4,265 2,180 2,080
Iranian languages 475 215 255 1,280 660 615
Kurdish 85 40 40 65 40 30
Pashto 30 15 15 345 185 160
Persian (Farsi) 360 165 195 865 435 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 150 80 65
Italic (Romance) languages 8,355 4,125 4,225 2,920 1,480 1,435
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 2,925 1,230 1,695 155 80 75
Portuguese 950 425 525 220 100 115
Romanian 1,135 555 580 315 165 150
Spanish 3,335 1,910 1,425 2,220 1,130 1,085
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 0 5
Japanese 35 15 20 120 45 75
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 340 175 165 1,180 590 595
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 265 125 140 735 350 380
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 55 30 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 5 5 0 10 0 5
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 20 10 10
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 10 5 10 40 15 20
Lingala 10 10 5 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 85 45 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 35 15 25
Shona 10 5 5 35 25 15
Swahili 70 30 40 200 90 110
Wolof 10 5 5 0 5 0
Yoruba 40 20 25 115 55 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 100 45 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 40 55 135 65 70
Dinka 30 10 15 65 30 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 70 35 40
Sign languages 115 60 55 285 175 105
American Sign Language 30 20 15 50 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 75 40 40 230 150 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,220 2,615 2,605 9,700 4,835 4,865
Chinese languages 4,905 2,455 2,450 8,925 4,450 4,475
Cantonese 1,370 665 705 2,400 1,140 1,265
Hakka 5 5 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 3,050 1,545 1,505 5,645 2,865 2,780
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 15 80 45 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 30 30 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 385 195 195 760 385 380
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 315 165 155 775 380 395
Burmese 35 15 20 115 65 55
Karenic languages 270 140 130 640 310 335
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 275 155 125 190 85 105
Lao 125 60 65 125 60 60
Thai 150 90 60 70 25 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 245 110 135 195 100 95
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 200 95 115 170 90 85
Uyghur 25 10 20 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 5
Uralic languages 460 200 260 240 125 120
Estonian 0 0 0 10 0 5
Finnish 25 10 15 15 10 5
Hungarian 440 190 245 215 110 105
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 45 25 20
Multiple responses 17,680 8,620 9,060 34,110 16,720 17,395
English and French 1,035 460 575 1,210 575 635
English and non-official language 15,990 7,895 8,100 32,250 15,810 16,435
French and non-official language 130 50 80 150 85 70
English, French and non-official language 520 215 305 495 250 250
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 395,110 194,770 200,340 1,083,235 539,100 544,130
None 340,690 168,580 172,110 983,935 490,490 493,450
English 18,810 9,310 9,500 41,920 21,045 20,875
French 7,575 3,235 4,335 9,340 4,085 5,255
Non-official language 26,920 13,120 13,805 46,495 22,705 23,785
Aboriginal 45 15 25 13,490 6,445 7,050
Non-Aboriginal 26,875 13,100 13,775 33,005 16,265 16,740
English and French 250 110 140 170 85 85
English and non-official language 375 190 185 860 440 420
French and non-official language 480 220 255 495 245 255
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 324,325 158,215 166,115 857,270 424,245 433,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 309,220 151,560 157,660 822,620 407,715 414,905
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,040 41,227 26,872 38,299 46,117 31,978
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 309,345 151,565 157,785 822,745 407,730 415,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,263 36,829 25,086 34,570 40,492 29,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 270,210 136,295 133,910 750,515 378,290 372,225
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,258 39,523 24,203 36,883 45,587 29,314
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 234,280 106,815 127,460 550,165 236,760 313,405
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,139 4,520 6,834 5,340 4,200 5,870
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,595 119,410 104,180 636,955 331,975 304,970
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,129 35,426 26,009 36,612 44,551 30,027
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 324,330 158,165 166,165 857,300 424,265 433,030
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 309,265 151,560 157,705 822,545 407,840 414,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,139 52,973 35,650 49,409 58,791 40,184
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 309,395 151,565 157,825 822,655 407,855 414,800
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,436 44,102 31,034 40,933 47,453 34,523
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 270,510 136,220 134,295 750,475 378,445 372,035
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,419 52,892 33,810 48,491 58,779 38,026
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 234,755 107,020 127,735 549,500 236,590 312,910
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,116 7,697 8,468 7,734 7,322 8,045
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,595 119,170 104,425 636,950 331,745 305,205
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,020 48,637 34,468 46,853 55,728 37,207
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 324,325 158,165 166,165 857,295 424,260 433,030
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 100,680 57,865 42,815 302,780 173,250 129,525
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,515 59,696 45,314 55,368 62,070 48,579
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,848 72,166 52,606 64,855 72,366 54,808
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.0 89.8 80.6 89.5 92.8 84.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.7 72.2 63.7 73.2 76.8 68.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.0 10.2 19.4 10.5 7.2 15.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 324,330 158,215 166,115 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without total income 15,110 6,655 8,455 34,645 16,530 18,120
With total income 309,220 151,560 157,660 822,620 407,715 414,905
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.8 94.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,625 19,925 26,700 105,780 47,325 58,455
$10,000 to $19,999 53,800 20,560 33,240 118,380 46,195 72,180
$20,000 to $29,999 42,810 16,725 26,085 107,890 42,345 65,545
$30,000 to $39,999 36,090 16,275 19,820 95,605 41,315 54,295
$40,000 to $49,999 33,845 17,920 15,920 89,285 42,260 47,025
$50,000 to $59,999 24,160 13,455 10,705 70,395 36,950 33,450
$60,000 to $69,999 17,325 10,335 6,990 53,855 31,055 22,795
$70,000 to $79,999 13,365 8,570 4,800 41,930 25,290 16,645
$80,000 to $89,999 10,610 6,800 3,815 34,305 20,750 13,560
$90,000 to $99,999 8,830 5,100 3,725 26,165 16,100 10,060
$100,000 and over 21,760 15,890 5,870 79,030 58,125 20,905
$100,000 to $149,999 15,145 10,725 4,420 56,160 40,025 16,140
$150,000 and over 6,620 5,165 1,450 22,870 18,100 4,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 324,325 158,215 166,115 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without after-tax income 14,980 6,650 8,330 34,520 16,515 18,010
With after-tax income 309,345 151,565 157,780 822,745 407,730 415,015
Percentage with after-tax income 95.4 95.8 95.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 47,945 20,155 27,790 108,310 48,150 60,160
$10,000 to $19,999 56,130 21,520 34,605 123,690 48,420 75,275
$20,000 to $29,999 49,495 19,835 29,655 125,285 50,160 75,125
$30,000 to $39,999 44,415 21,605 22,815 119,460 54,365 65,100
$40,000 to $49,999 36,000 19,750 16,255 103,250 52,900 50,350
$50,000 to $59,999 23,675 14,225 9,450 73,855 42,315 31,540
$60,000 to $69,999 16,875 10,975 5,900 53,925 32,645 21,280
$70,000 to $79,999 12,395 7,525 4,865 38,615 23,385 15,235
$80,000 and over 22,415 15,970 6,445 76,345 55,395 20,950
$80,000 to $89,999 7,225 4,780 2,450 24,935 16,370 8,560
$90,000 to $99,999 4,060 2,870 1,190 16,260 11,815 4,445
$100,000 and over 11,130 8,325 2,805 35,155 27,210 7,945
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 324,325 158,215 166,115 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without employment income 100,735 38,805 61,930 220,320 92,270 128,055
With employment income 223,590 119,410 104,180 636,950 331,980 304,970
Percentage with employment income 68.9 75.5 62.7 74.3 78.3 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,160 23,555 17,605 82,210 38,805 43,410
$5,000 to $9,999 17,270 7,555 9,715 46,620 20,310 26,310
$10,000 to $19,999 28,995 12,625 16,370 77,480 33,900 43,575
$20,000 to $29,999 23,970 10,360 13,615 68,175 29,285 38,885
$30,000 to $39,999 22,205 10,245 11,960 66,120 29,825 36,295
$40,000 to $49,999 19,715 9,605 10,110 61,800 29,930 31,870
$50,000 to $59,999 15,230 8,550 6,675 51,075 27,565 23,510
$60,000 to $69,999 11,730 7,215 4,520 39,805 23,605 16,195
$70,000 to $79,999 10,335 6,845 3,490 32,265 20,015 12,255
$80,000 and over 32,975 22,850 10,125 111,405 78,745 32,665
$80,000 to $89,999 8,220 5,345 2,880 28,240 17,220 11,020
$90,000 to $99,999 7,540 4,245 3,290 21,415 13,645 7,770
$100,000 and over 17,215 13,265 3,955 61,750 47,885 13,870
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 159,050 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,658 ... ... 75,412 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,274 ... ... 65,784 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 45,550 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,491 ... ... 38,188 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,338 ... ... 34,099 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 113,500 ... ... 311,450 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,248 ... ... 94,530 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,283 ... ... 81,696 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 159,055 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,824 ... ... 93,942 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,821 ... ... 77,837 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 45,520 ... ... 121,040 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,472 ... ... 48,880 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,928 ... ... 40,555 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 113,530 ... ... 311,580 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,806 ... ... 111,447 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,212 ... ... 92,320 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 159,055 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,715 ... ... 6,930 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,755 ... ... 4,575 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,015 ... ... 7,675 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,275 ... ... 18,025 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,860 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,555 ... ... 14,875 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,925 ... ... 17,700 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,010 ... ... 17,410 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,170 ... ... 17,345 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,065 ... ... 16,525 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,190 ... ... 31,595 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,725 ... ... 29,700 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,530 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,485 ... ... 25,810 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,310 ... ... 23,280 ... ...
$100,000 and over 47,460 ... ... 154,720 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,050 ... ... 48,375 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,835 ... ... 35,320 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,960 ... ... 40,875 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,620 ... ... 30,160 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 159,055 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,825 ... ... 7,355 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,805 ... ... 4,680 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,085 ... ... 7,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,500 ... ... 18,625 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,685 ... ... 20,275 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,415 ... ... 17,325 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,005 ... ... 20,700 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,500 ... ... 20,990 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,405 ... ... 20,395 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,265 ... ... 19,790 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,080 ... ... 37,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,420 ... ... 35,255 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,780 ... ... 32,575 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,855 ... ... 28,995 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,225 ... ... 25,545 ... ...
$100,000 and over 35,205 ... ... 114,570 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,705 ... ... 47,890 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,685 ... ... 29,680 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,815 ... ... 36,995 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 110,170 ... ... 299,345 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,865 ... ... 93,747 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,726 ... ... 81,065 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 39,945 ... ... 122,845 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,658 ... ... 87,865 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,708 ... ... 75,765 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 48,395 ... ... 124,285 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,711 ... ... 119,530 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,045 ... ... 101,656 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 19,085 ... ... 44,110 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,742 ... ... 50,749 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,748 ... ... 47,776 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 110,080 ... ... 299,455 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,744 ... ... 111,031 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,901 ... ... 91,825 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 39,800 ... ... 123,045 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,840 ... ... 104,889 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,093 ... ... 86,074 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 48,450 ... ... 124,275 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,518 ... ... 135,718 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,195 ... ... 111,601 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,995 ... ... 44,125 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,923 ... ... 62,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,544 ... ... 54,678 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 55,755 27,625 28,130 161,805 82,400 79,405
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,925 33,959 29,003 35,875 40,000 32,247
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,486 30,643 27,049 32,415 35,306 29,777
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 55,755 27,620 28,135 161,560 82,510 79,050
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,004 43,110 36,955 45,756 49,739 41,598
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,190 36,099 32,315 38,229 40,766 35,581
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 391,000 192,530 198,475 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
In the bottom half of the distribution 198,645 94,520 104,120 506,055 243,040 263,010
In the bottom decile 44,115 21,345 22,770 111,770 55,530 56,245
In the second decile 39,885 17,820 22,070 104,900 46,610 58,285
In the third decile 38,715 18,170 20,550 94,035 44,535 49,500
In the fourth decile 37,830 18,220 19,610 96,045 47,015 49,030
In the fifth decile 38,095 18,965 19,130 99,300 49,350 49,950
In the top half of the distribution 192,355 98,010 94,350 564,505 290,345 274,160
In the sixth decile 38,825 19,510 19,310 104,200 52,705 51,495
In the seventh decile 38,775 19,665 19,115 109,400 55,670 53,725
In the eighth decile 39,840 20,380 19,455 115,215 59,255 55,965
In the ninth decile 39,635 20,265 19,370 121,965 62,875 59,085
In the top decile 35,285 18,190 17,095 113,730 59,840 53,885
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 391,000 192,530 198,475 1,014,605 505,225 509,380
0 to 17 years 81,610 41,975 39,635 230,205 117,925 112,275
0 to 5 years 24,350 12,525 11,825 79,345 40,700 38,645
18 to 64 years 243,540 120,225 123,315 631,280 316,125 315,155
65 years and over 65,845 30,330 35,525 153,120 71,180 81,950
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 64,665 30,230 34,435 130,220 60,375 69,845
0 to 17 years 18,480 9,450 9,035 41,010 20,960 20,050
0 to 5 years 6,340 3,240 3,105 15,420 7,850 7,575
18 to 64 years 38,655 18,110 20,545 67,080 31,315 35,765
65 years and over 7,530 2,675 4,855 22,130 8,100 14,025
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 15.7 17.3 12.8 12.0 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 22.6 22.5 22.8 17.8 17.8 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 26.0 25.9 26.3 19.4 19.3 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 15.9 15.1 16.7 10.6 9.9 11.3
65 years and over (%) 11.4 8.8 13.7 14.5 11.4 17.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 34,975 17,360 17,620 59,440 29,890 29,545
0 to 17 years 8,960 4,550 4,405 17,870 9,140 8,735
0 to 5 years 3,170 1,645 1,520 7,005 3,540 3,465
18 to 64 years 24,330 12,110 12,225 38,775 19,470 19,305
65 years and over 1,685 700 990 2,795 1,280 1,510
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.9 9.0 8.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 11.0 10.8 11.1 7.8 7.8 7.8
0 to 5 years (%) 13.0 13.1 12.9 8.8 8.7 9.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 10.1 9.9 6.1 6.2 6.1
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.3 2.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 391,000 192,530 198,475 1,070,560 533,385 537,175
Official languages 383,855 189,610 194,245 1,062,885 529,920 532,965
English 383,490 189,460 194,035 1,062,275 529,630 532,645
French 38,630 17,135 21,485 51,325 23,600 27,725
Non-official languages 104,210 51,290 52,915 187,450 91,805 95,645
Aboriginal languages 90 40 50 38,110 18,390 19,720
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 28,270 13,675 14,590
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 15 27,065 13,115 13,950
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,665 1,770 1,900
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 470 185 285
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,260 570 695
Cree, n.o.s. 20 15 10 21,870 10,695 11,175
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 1,310 620 695
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 0 15 1,300 610 690
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 9,120 4,350 4,770
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 9,105 4,345 4,760
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 9,105 4,350 4,755
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 30 15 20 10 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 25 10 20 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 505 240 260
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 15 10 10 510 255 250
Dakota 0 0 0 415 205 210
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 90 50 45
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 104,125 51,255 52,870 149,475 73,470 76,000
Afro-Asiatic languages 23,415 11,750 11,665 8,595 4,585 4,015
Berber languages 0 10 0 40 35 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 30 25 0
Cushitic languages 750 335 420 1,305 620 690
Bilen 0 0 0 85 40 45
Oromo 75 30 45 160 70 90
Somali 675 300 370 1,090 520 570
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 22,765 11,460 11,310 7,500 4,075 3,425
Amharic 215 100 115 545 255 290
Arabic 20,540 10,380 10,155 5,605 3,165 2,435
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 545 290 255 505 240 265
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,280 1,570 1,710 195 95 100
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 115 45 75 470 245 230
Maltese 325 175 150 0 0 0
Tigrigna 155 60 95 705 350 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 65 115 245 120 125
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 70 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,880 1,410 1,475 3,315 1,685 1,635
Khmer (Cambodian) 610 290 315 210 105 105
Vietnamese 2,285 1,120 1,160 3,105 1,580 1,525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,015 1,205 1,810 29,705 14,065 15,640
Bikol 25 20 10 90 30 55
Cebuano 160 70 85 2,115 945 1,170
Fijian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 35 0 25 285 130 150
Ilocano 175 70 110 785 365 415
Malagasy 0 0 10 10 0 0
Malay 75 55 15 215 95 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 20 25 265 130 135
Pangasinan 10 0 0 45 25 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,765 1,065 1,700 28,655 13,575 15,080
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 35 25 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 300 145 155
Creole languages 450 175 275 495 230 270
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 365 135 235 240 95 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 45 40 250 125 120
Dravidian languages 875 495 380 2,190 1,205 980
Kannada 55 30 20 115 65 55
Malayalam 140 60 80 1,170 625 540
Tamil 555 325 230 635 345 290
Telugu 175 110 65 435 270 165
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 61,325 30,375 30,950 81,985 40,685 41,300
Albanian 1,315 625 690 560 275 285
Armenian 245 120 130 115 65 45
Balto-Slavic languages 13,705 6,600 7,110 20,395 9,470 10,925
Baltic languages 100 30 70 225 120 110
Latvian 25 10 20 135 60 70
Lithuanian 70 30 45 95 60 35
Slavic languages 13,610 6,570 7,045 20,265 9,400 10,860
Belarusan 15 0 15 20 0 15
Bosnian 375 195 180 325 155 165
Bulgarian 105 50 55 75 40 35
Croatian 2,505 1,230 1,280 605 355 250
Czech 245 120 125 300 155 150
Macedonian 1,435 725 715 65 35 35
Polish 3,605 1,665 1,935 2,185 1,040 1,145
Russian 1,075 490 580 5,275 2,585 2,690
Serbian 3,695 1,880 1,815 790 410 385
Serbo-Croatian 230 120 115 80 30 50
Slovak 965 425 540 125 85 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 180 75 100 105 50 50
Ukrainian 595 225 360 13,090 5,770 7,325
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 140 70 65 345 205 140
Celtic languages 35 10 25 165 105 65
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 55 35 25
Welsh 0 0 0 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 70 45 20
Germanic languages 10,960 5,460 5,500 21,275 10,435 10,840
Afrikaans 130 65 65 1,455 750 705
Danish 115 55 65 320 195 125
Dutch 765 380 390 1,510 720 790
Frisian 20 15 10 25 15 15
German 9,640 4,860 4,780 17,390 8,525 8,870
Icelandic 0 0 0 70 40 30
Norwegian 10 0 10 415 180 235
Swedish 45 25 15 230 95 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 40 60 80 25 50
Yiddish 15 10 15 75 35 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 625 295 325 265 135 125
Greek 1,560 770 790 1,470 725 745
Indo-Iranian languages 10,485 5,620 4,865 27,395 14,650 12,740
Indo-Aryan languages 9,430 5,070 4,360 25,355 13,530 11,825
Bengali 815 420 390 3,520 1,895 1,620
Gujarati 950 585 365 3,320 1,760 1,555
Hindi 2,750 1,575 1,175 8,040 4,480 3,560
Kashmiri 45 15 30 40 25 20
Konkani 15 10 0 40 30 15
Marathi 115 65 55 185 120 70
Nepali 445 235 210 835 435 400
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 25 15 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,285 1,730 1,555 8,300 4,635 3,665
Sindhi 75 45 30 180 105 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 75 70 355 205 150
Urdu 3,525 1,830 1,695 9,455 4,815 4,635
Iranian languages 1,070 570 505 2,285 1,240 1,040
Kurdish 170 100 70 145 90 60
Pashto 50 25 25 555 315 240
Persian (Farsi) 875 465 415 1,630 870 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 275 135 140
Italic (Romance) languages 24,690 12,160 12,520 12,660 6,085 6,570
Catalan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Italian 12,535 6,205 6,325 1,360 670 690
Portuguese 3,010 1,490 1,520 885 380 505
Romanian 2,595 1,220 1,375 1,105 525 575
Spanish 7,230 3,635 3,595 9,605 4,635 4,965
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 40 30 10
Japanese 235 135 100 1,205 540 665
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Korean 525 270 250 1,930 850 1,080
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Mongolian 0 0 0 60 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,330 665 660 4,125 2,245 1,885
Akan (Twi) 130 80 45 355 185 170
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 10
Edo 40 20 15 20 0 20
Ewe 25 10 15 100 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 60 45 15
Ga 10 10 0 45 25 15
Ganda 10 10 0 20 10 10
Igbo 115 55 60 625 325 300
Lingala 130 60 70 140 70 65
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 55 70 280 150 130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 45 70 125 65 55
Shona 10 0 10 150 90 55
Swahili 335 175 160 950 570 380
Wolof 20 0 15 40 25 15
Yoruba 270 140 130 965 470 495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 120 140 815 480 335
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 85 80 300 150 145
Dinka 35 15 20 100 65 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 195 90 105
Sign languages 720 300 420 1,565 585 985
American Sign Language 415 160 255 650 215 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 310 145 160 915 365 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,065 3,870 4,195 14,580 7,115 7,470
Chinese languages 7,765 3,715 4,050 13,630 6,625 7,005
Cantonese 2,560 1,195 1,370 4,675 2,245 2,435
Hakka 20 0 20 30 10 20
Mandarin 5,035 2,400 2,635 8,995 4,335 4,660
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 145 135 260 125 135
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 45 70 45 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 500 255 240 1,245 620 630
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 310 160 155 960 495 460
Burmese 85 40 45 315 185 130
Karenic languages 275 135 135 635 310 325
Tibetan 0 0 0 30 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 25 40
Tai-Kadai languages 545 250 295 635 245 385
Lao 330 155 170 410 170 240
Thai 310 140 170 275 105 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 645 330 315 640 365 285
Azerbaijani 30 25 0 25 20 10
Turkish 580 285 290 530 310 220
Uyghur 20 15 10 0 0 0
Uzbek 10 0 0 60 25 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 25 10 15
Uralic languages 2,005 1,010 990 1,765 850 915
Estonian 20 10 10 20 15 10
Finnish 110 60 50 360 170 190
Hungarian 1,875 940 935 1,385 670 715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 340 210 135
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 391,000 192,530 198,475 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 368,575 181,630 186,940 998,035 496,635 501,395
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,200 40,225 37,980 237,720 121,535 116,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 290,375 141,410 148,965 760,310 375,105 385,210
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 22,430 10,895 11,530 72,525 36,750 35,780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 391,000 192,530 198,470 1,070,560 533,385 537,170
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 300,465 148,720 151,750 945,810 470,790 475,025
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 85,810 40,975 44,840 112,490 55,800 56,690
Before 1981 28,710 13,855 14,855 16,650 8,190 8,465
1981 to 1990 10,370 4,975 5,390 5,545 2,670 2,875
1991 to 2000 17,590 8,210 9,380 9,315 4,645 4,665
2001 to 2010 18,340 8,680 9,660 33,045 16,410 16,635
2001 to 2005 9,170 4,405 4,765 8,670 4,165 4,505
2006 to 2010 9,170 4,280 4,890 24,370 12,245 12,130
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,800 5,255 5,550 47,935 23,880 24,055
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,725 2,845 1,885 12,255 6,800 5,455
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 85,810 40,970 44,835 112,495 55,795 56,695
Under 5 years 10,520 5,275 5,245 12,060 6,100 5,965
5 to 14 years 16,355 8,410 7,945 21,295 11,015 10,280
15 to 24 years 20,215 9,005 11,215 19,295 8,990 10,305
25 to 44 years 31,875 15,150 16,725 50,945 25,060 25,890
45 years and over 6,850 3,135 3,710 8,895 4,635 4,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 85,810 40,975 44,835 112,490 55,800 56,690
Americas 15,380 6,685 8,695 10,765 5,010 5,760
Brazil 190 75 110 185 65 120
Colombia 405 190 215 555 275 280
El Salvador 820 385 435 630 290 340
Guyana 100 30 70 155 75 85
Haiti 225 60 160 65 45 20
Jamaica 755 365 390 815 425 395
Mexico 3,890 1,900 1,985 1,330 665 665
Peru 40 10 35 165 60 100
Trinidad and Tobago 280 120 160 210 105 110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,920 2,700 4,220 4,845 2,045 2,800
Other places of birth in Americas 1,750 845 910 1,805 955 845
Europe 31,815 15,600 16,220 23,640 11,900 11,740
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,145 545 595 455 215 245
Croatia 2,015 1,050 965 445 280 165
France 365 175 190 215 90 125
Germany 1,310 650 655 2,575 1,280 1,295
Greece 815 420 395 605 325 280
Hungary 810 380 430 395 215 180
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 160 75 85 845 490 355
Italy 6,625 3,370 3,260 570 305 265
Netherlands 680 380 295 1,220 585 635
Poland 2,460 1,125 1,335 1,395 690 705
Portugal 1,655 800 855 220 105 120
Romania 2,300 1,070 1,235 695 335 360
Russian Federation 450 210 240 805 345 460
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,660 860 795 585 305 280
Ukraine 275 125 155 3,280 1,630 1,650
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,120 2,430 2,690 7,020 3,520 3,505
Other places of birth in Europe 3,970 1,950 2,020 2,320 1,195 1,125
Africa 4,090 2,015 2,075 10,285 5,360 4,925
Algeria 70 40 30 50 35 15
Egypt 435 225 210 435 230 205
Ethiopia 235 120 115 635 285 355
Kenya 80 50 35 425 225 200
Morocco 70 30 35 180 95 80
Nigeria 490 265 225 1,695 845 855
Somalia 360 135 225 635 335 300
South Africa, Republic of 375 175 200 1,775 920 855
Other places of birth in Africa 1,975 980 995 4,455 2,390 2,065
Asia 34,360 16,575 17,785 67,120 33,175 33,945
Afghanistan 115 40 70 515 230 285
Bangladesh 615 310 300 2,575 1,365 1,210
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,900 1,695 2,205 7,485 3,445 4,035
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 525 260 270 765 370 400
India 4,010 2,135 1,875 9,630 5,190 4,435
IranCensus data footnote 61 650 340 310 785 465 325
Iraq 6,255 2,980 3,280 1,175 625 550
Japan 45 15 30 265 65 200
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 360 190 170 1,120 475 645
Lebanon 4,565 2,280 2,285 255 160 90
Pakistan 2,105 1,090 1,020 6,860 3,575 3,280
Philippines 2,830 1,130 1,700 26,860 12,655 14,210
Sri Lanka 235 120 120 440 235 205
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,775 870 905 1,155 610 550
Taiwan 270 135 130 180 80 100
Viet Nam 1,740 860 880 2,615 1,340 1,280
Other places of birth in Asia 4,355 2,130 2,230 4,425 2,290 2,140
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 165 95 65 675 350 325
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,805 5,250 5,545 47,935 23,880 24,055
Americas 1,940 975 960 2,320 1,090 1,230
Brazil 30 15 15 45 10 35
Colombia 35 10 30 115 55 65
Cuba 25 10 20 35 20 15
Haiti 100 25 80 10 10 0
Jamaica 105 65 40 405 230 180
Mexico 390 220 175 435 215 225
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 955 510 445 745 330 420
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 25 40 35 10 30
Other places of birth in Americas 220 110 110 490 220 270
Europe 780 380 400 4,855 2,405 2,455
France 10 10 0 50 15 45
Germany 35 25 10 190 105 80
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 525 315 205
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 0 100 50 50
Romania 85 35 50 95 35 60
Russian Federation 20 10 10 220