Census Profile, 2016 Census
Essex, County [Census division], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Essex, CTY
Ontario
[Census division]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Essex, County [Census division], Ontario  Map : Essex, County [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 398,953 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 388,782 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.6 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 168,569 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 159,053 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 215.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,850.90 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 398,950 196,255 202,695 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 66,770 34,370 32,405 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 20,175 10,390 9,785 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 22,635 11,640 10,995 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 23,965 12,340 11,625 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 261,740 130,110 131,635 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 25,220 13,050 12,170 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 27,080 14,060 13,025 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 23,395 11,910 11,485 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 21,815 10,530 11,285 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 23,020 11,080 11,945 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 25,880 12,580 13,295 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 28,020 13,825 14,200 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 31,240 15,500 15,745 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 29,995 14,920 15,075 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 26,070 12,660 13,415 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 70,440 31,785 38,660 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 23,270 11,160 12,105 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 16,455 7,950 8,505 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 12,130 5,500 6,635 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 8,915 3,895 5,020 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 9,670 3,270 6,395 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 5,965 2,280 3,680 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 2,915 810 2,100 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 695 155 535 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 100 25 80 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.5 16.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.3 64.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.7 16.2 19.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.2 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.4 40.3 42.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 42.4 41.3 43.5 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 159,055 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 111,145 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,665 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 33,500 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,830 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 8,870 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,485 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 13,135 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 175 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 745 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 159,055 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 45,550 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 53,040 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 24,055 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 22,360 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,045 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 391,005 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 332,180 161,890 170,290 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 186,655 93,615 93,040 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 163,055 81,835 81,215 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 23,600 11,775 11,825 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 145,525 68,275 77,255 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 92,590 50,555 42,030 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 10,155 4,395 5,760 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 21,875 9,110 12,765 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 20,915 4,220 16,695 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 111,325 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 54,890 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 23,660 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 21,725 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,050 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 111,325 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 90,865 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 79,070 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,795 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,455 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 16,360 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 4,095 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 90,870 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 42,885 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 47,985 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 17,660 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 19,925 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 10,400 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,455 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 12,010 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 6,000 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,450 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 63,525 30,850 32,675 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 159,050 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 106,035 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 40,850 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 65,185 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,590 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 50,430 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 45,550 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,880 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 395,110 194,770 200,340 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 348,270 173,910 174,365 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 430 175 255 1,810 820 985
English and French 38,310 17,115 21,200 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 8,105 3,580 4,525 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 395,110 194,770 200,340 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 374,515 185,365 189,150 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 10,080 4,700 5,375 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,560 1,205 1,360 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 7,955 3,500 4,455 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,365 5,305 6,055 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.9 2.7 3.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 395,110 194,770 200,340 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 386,140 190,410 195,725 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 299,180 147,865 151,320 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 288,485 142,875 145,610 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 10,700 4,995 5,710 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 86,955 42,550 44,405 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 55 25 30 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 30 15 20 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 15 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 5 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 86,900 42,520 44,380 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,525 9,235 9,295 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 10 10 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 575 250 330 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 45 25 25 205 115 95
Somali 525 225 305 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 17,930 8,970 8,960 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 100 55 50 1,370 670 700
Arabic 14,435 7,250 7,185 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 465 230 235 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,425 1,180 1,245 440 245 200
Harari 0 5 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 25 15 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 215 115 100 215 100 115
Tigrigna 130 60 65 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,395 1,145 1,255 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 420 195 230 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,970 950 1,025 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,400 945 1,445 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 5 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 85 30 55 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 30 5 20 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 95 40 60 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 5 20 10 15
Malay 90 45 50 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 5 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,015 795 1,220 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 220 100 115 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 15 10 10 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 165 75 90 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 690 390 300 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 30 15 15 280 150 135
Malayalam 185 100 80 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 305 165 135 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 160 105 55 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 51,345 25,160 26,185 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 965 465 495 1,465 765 705
Armenian 210 95 115 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 12,185 5,710 6,480 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 75 30 50 1,070 485 585
Latvian 20 10 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 55 20 35 505 225 280
Slavic languages 12,110 5,680 6,430 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 320 160 160 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 110 45 65 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,755 845 910 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 195 80 115 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 1,185 580 610 325 160 165
Polish 3,095 1,415 1,680 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 605 250 355 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 2,850 1,435 1,415 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 215 100 115 1,395 670 725
Slovak 915 415 500 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 155 65 90 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 620 245 370 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 345 175 170
Celtic languages 25 10 15 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 240 130 110
Welsh 10 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 9,125 4,385 4,745 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 35 20 20 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 65 30 35 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 700 345 350 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 15 10 5 295 145 145
German 8,180 3,920 4,260 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 15 10 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 35 50 445 220 225
Yiddish 20 10 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 45 25
Greek 1,050 515 530 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 8,415 4,365 4,055 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 7,540 3,940 3,600 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 645 320 320 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 785 455 330 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 705 395 310 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 10 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 5 255 130 125
Marathi 70 40 30 620 325 295
Nepali 460 225 235 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,475 1,285 1,185 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 35 15 15 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 60 1,675 845 830
Urdu 2,245 1,145 1,105 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 830 400 425 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 135 70 65 1,765 945 825
Pashto 50 20 30 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 645 310 330 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 19,370 9,620 9,750 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 9,595 4,670 4,925 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 2,360 1,140 1,215 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 2,235 1,065 1,170 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 5,150 2,720 2,430 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 105 65 40
Japanese 85 40 50 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 475 235 235 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 795 380 415 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 80 50 35 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 15 10 10 85 50 35
Ewe 10 5 10 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 45 25 20
Ga 5 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 25 15 10 90 45 45
Igbo 50 20 30 245 145 105
Lingala 25 10 15 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 20 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 30 35 155 70 80
Shona 10 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 205 95 115 805 400 405
Wolof 10 0 10 50 25 25
Yoruba 140 70 75 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 100 95 340 175 165
Dinka 55 25 30 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 240 115 125
Sign languages 105 45 60 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 50 25 25 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 25 30 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,220 3,580 3,645 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 6,855 3,390 3,465 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 2,055 1,015 1,045 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 30 15 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 4,045 2,000 2,045 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 45 55 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 25 40 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 560 290 265 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 365 190 175 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 45 25 20 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 300 155 150 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 430 210 225 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 235 105 120 1,100 550 550
Thai 195 95 100 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 465 225 240 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 530 290 235
Turkish 380 185 190 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 40 15 25 170 85 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,510 705 805 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 15 5 5 705 295 410
Finnish 120 55 60 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,380 645 730 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 500 280 225
Multiple responses 8,970 4,355 4,615 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,860 845 1,015 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 6,400 3,185 3,215 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 410 185 230 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 305 140 160 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 395,115 194,770 200,340 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 377,430 186,145 191,285 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 333,670 164,825 168,845 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 330,760 163,505 167,255 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 2,910 1,320 1,595 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 43,760 21,320 22,435 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,740 21,310 22,425 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,070 5,310 5,760 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 0 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 375 155 225 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 30 15 10 90 50 45
Somali 345 135 205 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 10,685 5,150 5,535 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 45 25 25 600 275 320
Arabic 8,640 4,180 4,460 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 305 145 155 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,515 720 795 310 165 145
Harari 5 5 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 0 900 465 440
Maltese 35 15 20 15 5 10
Tigrigna 55 25 25 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,570 740 830 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 235 105 125 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,335 640 700 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 1,045 475 570 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 35 20 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 30 15 20 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 920 415 500 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 310 150 160
Creole languages 140 70 75 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 120 55 70 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 345 175 170 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 15 5 10 110 55 60
Malayalam 80 40 45 1,225 615 605
Tamil 175 90 85 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 70 40 25 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 22,500 11,040 11,460 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 465 235 235 695 335 360
Armenian 95 40 60 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 4,930 2,325 2,600 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 0 10 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 4,915 2,325 2,595 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 165 75 90 595 300 300
Bulgarian 40 15 15 1,035 485 550
Croatian 565 265 300 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 55 25 35 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 520 260 260 150 75 75
Polish 1,320 615 700 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 295 125 165 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 1,470 715 750 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 95 40 55 500 235 265
Slovak 275 120 155 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 145 65 85
Ukrainian 80 30 45 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 2,955 1,460 1,500 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 50 25 25 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 2,760 1,365 1,390 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 15 5 5
Greek 395 190 210 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 5,300 2,670 2,630 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 4,805 2,445 2,360 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 385 190 200 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 505 285 220 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 365 195 175 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 5 40 25 25
Marathi 30 15 15 270 140 130
Nepali 385 180 200 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,670 850 820 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 5 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 30 675 330 340
Urdu 1,405 700 705 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 475 215 255 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 85 40 40 1,080 540 535
Pashto 30 15 15 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 360 165 195 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 8,355 4,125 4,225 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 2,925 1,230 1,695 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 950 425 525 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,135 555 580 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 3,335 1,910 1,425 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 20 5 10
Japanese 35 15 20 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 340 175 165 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 265 125 140 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 10 5 10 40 20 15
Lingala 10 10 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 10 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 70 30 40 200 90 115
Wolof 10 5 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 40 20 25 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 40 55 140 60 75
Dinka 30 10 15 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 85 30 55
Sign languages 115 60 55 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 30 20 15 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 75 40 40 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,220 2,615 2,605 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 4,905 2,455 2,450 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,370 665 705 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 5 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 3,050 1,545 1,505 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 15 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 30 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 385 195 195 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 315 165 155 1,745 885 865
Burmese 35 15 20 720 375 350
Karenic languages 270 140 130 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 275 155 125 1,380 595 785
Lao 125 60 65 460 225 235
Thai 150 90 60 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 245 110 135 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 200 95 115 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 25 10 20 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 460 200 260 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 25 10 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 440 190 245 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 145 70 75
Multiple responses 17,680 8,620 9,060 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,035 460 575 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 15,990 7,895 8,100 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 130 50 80 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 520 215 305 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 395,110 194,770 200,340 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 340,690 168,580 172,110 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 18,810 9,310 9,500 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 7,575 3,235 4,335 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 26,920 13,120 13,805 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 45 15 25 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 26,875 13,100 13,775 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 250 110 140 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 375 190 185 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 480 220 255 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 324,325 158,215 166,115 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 309,220 151,560 157,660 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,040 41,227 26,872 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 309,345 151,565 157,785 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,263 36,829 25,086 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 270,210 136,295 133,910 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,258 39,523 24,203 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 234,280 106,815 127,460 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,139 4,520 6,834 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,595 119,410 104,180 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,129 35,426 26,009 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 324,330 158,165 166,165 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 309,265 151,560 157,705 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,139 52,973 35,650 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 309,395 151,565 157,825 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,436 44,102 31,034 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 270,510 136,220 134,295 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,419 52,892 33,810 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 234,755 107,020 127,735 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,116 7,697 8,468 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,595 119,170 104,425 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,020 48,637 34,468 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 324,325 158,165 166,165 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 100,680 57,865 42,815 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,515 59,696 45,314 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,848 72,166 52,606 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.0 89.8 80.6 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.7 72.2 63.7 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.0 10.2 19.4 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 324,330 158,215 166,115 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 15,110 6,655 8,455 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 309,220 151,560 157,660 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.8 94.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,625 19,925 26,700 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 53,800 20,560 33,240 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 42,810 16,725 26,085 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 36,090 16,275 19,820 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 33,845 17,920 15,920 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 24,160 13,455 10,705 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 17,325 10,335 6,990 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 13,365 8,570 4,800 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 10,610 6,800 3,815 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 8,830 5,100 3,725 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 21,760 15,890 5,870 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 15,145 10,725 4,420 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 6,620 5,165 1,450 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 324,325 158,215 166,115 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 14,980 6,650 8,330 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 309,345 151,565 157,780 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.4 95.8 95.0 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 47,945 20,155 27,790 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 56,130 21,520 34,605 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 49,495 19,835 29,655 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 44,415 21,605 22,815 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 36,000 19,750 16,255 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 23,675 14,225 9,450 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 16,875 10,975 5,900 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 12,395 7,525 4,865 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 22,415 15,970 6,445 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 7,225 4,780 2,450 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 4,060 2,870 1,190 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 11,130 8,325 2,805 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 324,325 158,215 166,115 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 100,735 38,805 61,930 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 223,590 119,410 104,180 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.9 75.5 62.7 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,160 23,555 17,605 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 17,270 7,555 9,715 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 28,995 12,625 16,370 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 23,970 10,360 13,615 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 22,205 10,245 11,960 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 19,715 9,605 10,110 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 15,230 8,550 6,675 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 11,730 7,215 4,520 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 10,335 6,845 3,490 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 32,975 22,850 10,125 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 8,220 5,345 2,880 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 7,540 4,245 3,290 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 17,215 13,265 3,955 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 159,050 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,658 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,274 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 45,550 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,491 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,338 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 113,500 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,248 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,283 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 159,055 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,824 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,821 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 45,520 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,472 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,928 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 113,530 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,806 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,212 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 159,055 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,715 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,755 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,015 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,275 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,860 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,555 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,925 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,010 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,170 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,065 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,190 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,725 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,530 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,485 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,310 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 47,460 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,050 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,835 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,960 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,620 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 159,055 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,825 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,805 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,085 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,500 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,685 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,415 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,005 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,500 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,405 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,265 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,080 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,420 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,780 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,855 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,225 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 35,205 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,705 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,685 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,815 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 110,170 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,865 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,726 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 39,945 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,658 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,708 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 48,395 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,711 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,045 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 19,085 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,742 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,748 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 110,080 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,744 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,901 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 39,800 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,840 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,093 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 48,450 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,518 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,195 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,995 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,923 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,544 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 55,755 27,625 28,130 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,925 33,959 29,003 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,486 30,643 27,049 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 55,755 27,620 28,135 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,004 43,110 36,955 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,190 36,099 32,315 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 391,000 192,530 198,475 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 198,645 94,520 104,120 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 44,115 21,345 22,770 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 39,885 17,820 22,070 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 38,715 18,170 20,550 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 37,830 18,220 19,610 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 38,095 18,965 19,130 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 192,355 98,010 94,350 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 38,825 19,510 19,310 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 38,775 19,665 19,115 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 39,840 20,380 19,455 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 39,635 20,265 19,370 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 35,285 18,190 17,095 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 391,000 192,530 198,475 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 81,610 41,975 39,635 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 24,350 12,525 11,825 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 243,540 120,225 123,315 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 65,845 30,330 35,525 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 64,665 30,230 34,435 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 18,480 9,450 9,035 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 6,340 3,240 3,105 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 38,655 18,110 20,545 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 7,530 2,675 4,855 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 15.7 17.3 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.6 22.5 22.8 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 26.0 25.9 26.3 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.9 15.1 16.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.4 8.8 13.7 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 34,975 17,360 17,620 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 8,960 4,550 4,405 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 3,170 1,645 1,520 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 24,330 12,110 12,225 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,685 700 990 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.9 9.0 8.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 11.0 10.8 11.1 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.0 13.1 12.9 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 10.1 9.9 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.3 2.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 391,000 192,530 198,475 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 383,855 189,610 194,245 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 383,490 189,460 194,035 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 38,630 17,135 21,485 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 104,210 51,290 52,915 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 90 40 50 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 15 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 15 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 15 0 15 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 30 15 20 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 25 10 20 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 10 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 15 10 10 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 104,125 51,255 52,870 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 23,415 11,750 11,665 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 750 335 420 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 75 30 45 245 140 110
Somali 675 300 370 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 22,765 11,460 11,310 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 215 100 115 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 20,540 10,380 10,155 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 545 290 255 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,280 1,570 1,710 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 115 45 75 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 325 175 150 315 155 155
Tigrigna 155 60 95 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 65 115 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,880 1,410 1,475 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 610 290 315 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 2,285 1,120 1,160 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 3,015 1,205 1,810 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 25 20 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 160 70 85 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 35 0 25 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 175 70 110 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 10 25 15 10
Malay 75 55 15 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 20 25 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,765 1,065 1,700 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 450 175 275 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 365 135 235 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 45 40 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 875 495 380 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 55 30 20 510 250 265
Malayalam 140 60 80 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 555 325 230 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 175 110 65 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 10 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 61,325 30,375 30,950 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,315 625 690 1,640 840 795
Armenian 245 120 130 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 13,705 6,600 7,110 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 100 30 70 1,030 515 520
Latvian 25 10 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 70 30 45 475 220 250
Slavic languages 13,610 6,570 7,045 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 15 0 15 245 115 125
Bosnian 375 195 180 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 105 50 55 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 2,505 1,230 1,280 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 245 120 125 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 1,435 725 715 400 220 185
Polish 3,605 1,665 1,935 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,075 490 580 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 3,695 1,880 1,815 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 230 120 115 1,525 770 750
Slovak 965 425 540 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 180 75 100 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 595 225 360 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 140 70 65 420 215 205
Celtic languages 35 10 25 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 10,960 5,460 5,500 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 130 65 65 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 115 55 65 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 765 380 390 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 20 15 10 465 230 240
German 9,640 4,860 4,780 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 0 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 45 25 15 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 40 60 545 270 275
Yiddish 15 10 15 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 625 295 325 155 95 60
Greek 1,560 770 790 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 10,485 5,620 4,865 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 9,430 5,070 4,360 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 815 420 390 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 950 585 365 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,750 1,575 1,175 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 45 15 30 60 30 25
Konkani 15 10 0 415 215 200
Marathi 115 65 55 1,475 780 695
Nepali 445 235 210 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,285 1,730 1,555 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 75 45 30 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 75 70 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 3,525 1,830 1,695 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,070 570 505 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 170 100 70 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 50 25 25 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 875 465 415 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 24,690 12,160 12,520 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 12,535 6,205 6,325 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 3,010 1,490 1,520 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 2,595 1,220 1,375 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 7,230 3,635 3,595 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 380 245 140
Japanese 235 135 100 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 525 270 250 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,330 665 660 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 130 80 45 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 40 20 15 145 80 60
Ewe 25 10 15 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 115 55 60 425 240 185
Lingala 130 60 70 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 55 70 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 45 70 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 10 415 220 195
Swahili 335 175 160 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 20 0 15 50 25 30
Yoruba 270 140 130 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 120 140 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 85 80 405 210 200
Dinka 35 15 20 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 325 155 165
Sign languages 720 300 420 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 415 160 255 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 310 145 160 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,065 3,870 4,195 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 7,765 3,715 4,050 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,560 1,195 1,370 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 20 0 20 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 5,035 2,400 2,635 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 145 135 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 45 70 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 500 255 240 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 310 160 155 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 85 40 45 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 275 135 135 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 545 250 295 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 330 155 170 1,630 735 890
Thai 310 140 170 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 645 330 315 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 30 25 0 945 510 435
Turkish 580 285 290 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 20 15 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 10 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,005 1,010 990 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 20 10 10 780 350 425
Finnish 110 60 50 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,875 940 935 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 391,000 192,530 198,475 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 368,575 181,630 186,940 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,200 40,225 37,980 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 290,375 141,410 148,965 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 22,430 10,895 11,530 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 391,000 192,530 198,470 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 300,465 148,720 151,750 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 85,810 40,975 44,840 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 28,710 13,855 14,855 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 10,370 4,975 5,390 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 17,590 8,210 9,380 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 18,340 8,680 9,660 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 9,170 4,405 4,765 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 9,170 4,280 4,890 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,800 5,255 5,550 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,725 2,845 1,885 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 85,810 40,970 44,835 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 10,520 5,275 5,245 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 16,355 8,410 7,945 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 20,215 9,005 11,215 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 31,875 15,150 16,725 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 6,850 3,135 3,710 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 85,810 40,975 44,835 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 15,380 6,685 8,695 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 190 75 110 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 405 190 215 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 820 385 435 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 100 30 70 1,305 600 710
Haiti 225 60 160 570 250 315
Jamaica 755 365 390 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 3,890 1,900 1,985 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 40 10 35 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 280 120 160 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,920 2,700 4,220 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,750 845 910 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 31,815 15,600 16,220 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,145 545 595 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 2,015 1,050 965 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 365 175 190 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,310 650 655 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 815 420 395 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 810 380 430 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 160 75 85 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 6,625 3,370 3,260 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 680 380 295 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 2,460 1,125 1,335 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 1,655 800 855 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 2,300 1,070 1,235 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 450 210 240 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,660 860 795 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 275 125 155 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,120 2,430 2,690 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 3,970 1,950 2,020 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 4,090 2,015 2,075 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 70 40 30 485 310 175
Egypt 435 225 210 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 235 120 115 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 80 50 35 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 70 30 35 985 535 455
Nigeria 490 265 225 1,740 925 815
Somalia 360 135 225 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 375 175 200 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,975 980 995 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 34,360 16,575 17,785 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 115 40 70 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 615 310 300 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,900 1,695 2,205 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 525 260 270 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 4,010 2,135 1,875 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 650 340 310 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 6,255 2,980 3,280 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 45 15 30 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 360 190 170 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 4,565 2,280 2,285 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 2,105 1,090 1,020 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,830 1,130 1,700 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 235 120 120 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,775 870 905 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 270 135 130 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,740 860 880 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 4,355 2,130 2,230 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 165 95 65 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,805 5,250 5,545 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,940 975 960 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 30 15 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 35 10 30 580 250 325
Cuba 25 10 20 140 60 80
Haiti 100 25 80 35 35 10
Jamaica 105 65 40 625 355 265
Mexico 390 220 175 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 955 510 445 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 25 40 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 220 110 110 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 780 380 400 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 10 0 970 510 460
Germany 35 25 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 85 35 50 690 310 380
Russian Federation