Census Profile, 2016 Census
Renfrew, County [Census division], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Renfrew, CTY
Ontario
[Census division]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Renfrew, County [Census division], Ontario  Map : Renfrew, County [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 102,394 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 101,326 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,860 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 42,779 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 13.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,448.57 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 102,395 51,090 51,300 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 16,475 8,540 7,940 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 5,665 2,880 2,780 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 5,565 2,945 2,620 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 5,250 2,715 2,535 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 64,620 32,760 31,860 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 5,335 2,740 2,595 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 5,550 3,015 2,530 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,440 3,430 3,010 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 6,400 3,380 3,020 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 5,640 2,865 2,775 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 5,565 2,690 2,875 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 5,940 3,010 2,925 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 7,915 3,900 4,015 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,195 3,990 4,205 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,640 3,725 3,915 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 21,300 9,795 11,505 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,940 3,470 3,470 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 5,000 2,460 2,545 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,735 1,780 1,955 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,780 1,145 1,630 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,845 940 1,910 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,735 635 1,095 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 860 255 610 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 220 40 175 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 25 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 16.7 15.5 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.1 64.1 62.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 20.8 19.2 22.4 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.8 1.8 3.7 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.2 41.9 44.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 44.8 43.0 46.5 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 42,775 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 33,240 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 65 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,125 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,925 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,970 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 600 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,490 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 145 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 345 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 42,780 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 12,070 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 16,740 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 6,100 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 5,170 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,695 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 99,265 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 85,920 42,555 43,365 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 52,600 26,340 26,255 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 43,420 21,765 21,650 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 9,180 4,575 4,605 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 33,315 16,210 17,105 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 19,175 11,275 7,900 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,765 1,260 1,505 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,145 2,355 2,790 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 6,225 1,315 4,910 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,015 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 17,125 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 5,835 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 4,860 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,195 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,010 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 25,855 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 21,265 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,590 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,160 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,125 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,035 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,855 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 14,510 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 11,345 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 4,665 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 4,575 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,105 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,160 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,615 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,175 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 375 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,210 8,095 8,115 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 42,780 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 28,995 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 14,070 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 14,925 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 505 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,285 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 12,075 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,210 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 100,920 50,595 50,325 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 88,115 44,565 43,550 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 275 135 140 1,110 530 580
English and French 12,375 5,830 6,540 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 160 65 95 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 100,920 50,600 50,330 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 95,780 48,075 47,700 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 4,815 2,360 2,460 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 170 100 70 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 155 60 90 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,905 2,410 2,495 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.9 4.8 5.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 100,920 50,595 50,330 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 99,995 50,155 49,845 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 95,665 48,105 47,565 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 90,635 45,645 44,990 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 5,030 2,455 2,575 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 4,325 2,045 2,280 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 5 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,310 2,040 2,270 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 115 60 55 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 110 55 50 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 5 5 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 100 55 50 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 0 0 0 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 5 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 20 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 40 20 15 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 100 25 75 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 5 0 5 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 5 5 0 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 5 5 5 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 20 60 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 10 5 0 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 70 30 35 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 0 0 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 15 5 10 1,750 905 845
Tamil 35 20 15 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 15 5 10 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 3,425 1,610 1,810 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 0 5 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 10 0 5 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,175 560 615 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 20 10 10 645 280 370
Latvian 10 0 5 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 10 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 1,155 550 605 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 5 0 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 10 0 0 1,725 805 915
Croatian 30 15 15 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 20 10 15 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 0 0 0 250 120 135
Polish 845 395 445 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 105 50 55 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 5 5 5 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 10 0 5 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 545 250 290
Ukrainian 55 30 25 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,540 685 855 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 5 0 0 1,435 730 705
Danish 20 5 10 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 385 180 210 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 5 80 30 50
German 1,100 485 615 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 0 10 835 410 430
Swedish 10 5 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 50 30 15 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 245 130 115 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 215 120 95 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 30 20 15 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 55 35 20 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 25 15 10 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 5 0 5 535 280 255
Nepali 5 0 0 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 20 20 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 5 5 5 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 1,455 730 725
Urdu 50 30 25 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 30 10 15 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 0 0 0 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 15 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 395 200 200 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 85 55 30 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 65 25 40 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 40 20 20 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 205 95 110 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 15 10 10 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 75 35 40 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 10 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 5 5 5 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 0 0 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 10 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 0 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 305 160 150 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 305 160 155 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 105 55 55 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 5 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 160 80 80 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 5 0 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 15 10 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 10 5 0 800 405 400
Thai 5 0 10 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 15 10 5 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 15 10 5 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 90 50 40 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 10 5 5 455 195 260
Finnish 20 10 10 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 60 30 25 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 930 445 485 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 550 260 285 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 350 165 180 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 20 15 5 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 100,925 50,595 50,325 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 99,750 50,045 49,710 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 98,545 49,455 49,095 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 96,645 48,485 48,165 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,905 970 930 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 1,205 595 610 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,205 590 610 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 50 20 30 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 45 20 30 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 50 20 30 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 20 10 5 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 15 5 10 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 5 5 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 0 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 30 15 15 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 10 5 5 885 450 435
Tamil 10 5 5 1,935 965 965
Telugu 5 0 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 840 405 440 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 225 115 115 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 225 115 115 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 5 5 0 1,795 840 955
Czech 5 0 0 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 150 75 80 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 45 25 15 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 0 0 0 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 5 5 0 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 10 5 5 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 375 170 205 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 30 15 15 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 340 155 190 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 5 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 25 10 10 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 95 50 45 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 80 40 40 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 10 5 5 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 25 10 10 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 10 0 10 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 0 5 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 5 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 5 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 25 10 10 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 10 10 5 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 10 10 5 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 115 55 60 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 5 0 5 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 5 5 5 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 20 5 10 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 85 45 40 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 5 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 35 20 15 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 0 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 15 10 5 830 460 370
American Sign Language 0 0 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 180 90 85 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 180 90 90 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 60 25 30 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 110 60 50 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 0 0 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 10 5 5 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 10 5 5 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,170 550 615 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 360 180 175 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 780 355 425 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 15 5 10 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 15 15 5 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 100,925 50,595 50,325 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 95,075 47,915 47,160 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 1,525 750 770 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,815 1,240 1,575 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 1,440 665 780 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 30 10 20 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 1,410 650 760 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 5 5 0 965 435 530
English and non-official language 15 10 5 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 45 15 30 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 82,825 41,040 41,785 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,040 39,800 40,240 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,319 44,375 26,687 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,085 39,800 40,285 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,196 39,339 24,764 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,025 36,260 34,765 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,139 42,761 23,579 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 58,385 26,580 31,805 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,076 8,314 7,843 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 56,205 29,810 26,395 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,259 42,951 25,764 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 82,825 41,040 41,785 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,090 39,785 40,300 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,506 50,282 34,828 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,140 39,795 40,345 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,268 42,396 30,223 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,220 36,335 34,885 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,504 48,624 32,046 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 58,150 26,395 31,755 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,931 8,856 8,993 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 56,200 29,715 26,490 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,991 47,605 33,571 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 82,830 41,040 41,790 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 27,475 16,155 11,320 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,638 60,863 45,133 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,038 62,926 51,062 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.8 88.4 79.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.5 70.8 62.9 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.2 11.6 20.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 82,825 41,040 41,790 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,785 1,240 1,545 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 80,040 39,800 40,245 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.6 97.0 96.3 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,050 3,765 6,290 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 14,390 5,390 9,000 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 11,470 4,645 6,825 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 9,295 4,270 5,025 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 8,175 4,195 3,980 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 6,590 3,835 2,750 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,455 4,350 2,110 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 4,285 2,940 1,345 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,890 1,940 950 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,235 1,390 845 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 4,200 3,075 1,120 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,245 2,365 880 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 960 710 245 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 82,825 41,040 41,790 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,740 1,240 1,500 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 80,090 39,805 40,280 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 97.0 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,550 3,855 6,695 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 15,020 5,645 9,370 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 13,095 5,475 7,615 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 11,090 5,290 5,805 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 9,300 5,235 4,060 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 8,270 5,500 2,775 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,075 3,475 1,595 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,315 2,130 1,180 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 4,380 3,200 1,185 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,775 1,205 575 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,010 765 245 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,595 1,230 365 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 82,830 41,040 41,790 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 26,625 11,230 15,395 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 56,205 29,810 26,395 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 67.9 72.6 63.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,280 4,055 4,230 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,555 1,875 2,685 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 7,115 2,880 4,240 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,170 2,740 3,430 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,665 2,615 3,055 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,160 2,640 2,520 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,210 2,430 1,780 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,800 3,370 1,420 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,060 2,225 835 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 7,200 4,990 2,200 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,330 1,530 800 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,815 1,145 670 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 3,050 2,320 730 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 42,780 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,683 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,769 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 12,070 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,256 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,435 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,710 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,874 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,876 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 42,780 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,574 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,944 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 12,080 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,975 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,885 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,700 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,367 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,558 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 42,780 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 355 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 495 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,265 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,790 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,970 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,710 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,925 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,865 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,840 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,865 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,425 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,645 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,365 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,900 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,505 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,850 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,685 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,015 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,755 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,395 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 42,780 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 385 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 515 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,280 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,860 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,195 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,905 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,215 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,170 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,235 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,150 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,585 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,095 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,565 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,090 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,445 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,085 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,080 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,110 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,895 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,770 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,590 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,591 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 13,800 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,570 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,773 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,480 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,123 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,140 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,880 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,021 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,004 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,790 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,067 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,242 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,915 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,754 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,028 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,500 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,470 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,644 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,880 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,065 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,931 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,775 7,450 7,325 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,299 39,026 28,177 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,678 34,684 26,409 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 14,785 7,415 7,370 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,714 44,682 36,721 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,918 37,713 32,105 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 99,265 49,565 49,695 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 51,075 24,595 26,485 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 8,070 3,895 4,175 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 9,935 4,445 5,490 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 10,425 4,965 5,465 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 11,405 5,645 5,760 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 11,245 5,645 5,600 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 48,185 24,975 23,215 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 11,330 5,785 5,540 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 11,180 5,900 5,280 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 10,530 5,405 5,125 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 9,025 4,680 4,340 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 6,130 3,205 2,925 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 98,830 49,350 49,480 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 19,525 10,110 9,415 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 6,715 3,440 3,280 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 59,895 30,010 29,885 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 19,415 9,225 10,185 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,910 5,930 6,975 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,955 1,525 1,425 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,025 545 480 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 7,305 3,390 3,915 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,650 1,015 1,635 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.1 12.0 14.1 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 15.1 15.1 15.1 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 15.3 15.8 14.6 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.3 13.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 13.6 11.0 16.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,410 2,175 2,230 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 885 445 440 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 305 155 145 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 3,260 1,625 1,635 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 255 105 155 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.5 4.4 4.5 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 4.5 4.4 4.7 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 4.5 4.5 4.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.4 5.4 5.5 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.3 1.1 1.5 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 99,265 49,570 49,700 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 99,120 49,505 49,615 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 98,875 49,380 49,495 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 12,310 5,650 6,665 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 5,975 2,895 3,080 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 60 35 25 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 40 20 15 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 15 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 20 15 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 15 15 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,920 2,860 3,060 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 150 80 75 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 10 0 10 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 145 75 70 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 125 65 60 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 10 0 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 10 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 10 10 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 75 40 35 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 55 30 25 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 105 20 85 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 20 0 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 10 80 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 25 10 15 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 15 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 135 70 65 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 45 30 20 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 60 40 25 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 30 10 20 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 4,750 2,300 2,455 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 10 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,395 690 710 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 20 10 10 635 310 325
Latvian 0 10 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 15 10 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,375 680 700 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 10 15 0 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 35 0 25 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 0 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 1,010 500 505 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 185 80 105 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 10 0 0 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 0 0 0 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 725 330 400
Ukrainian 60 25 30 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 250 120 125
Celtic languages 20 0 15 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,055 965 1,095 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 0 0 0 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 50 15 35 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 470 195 270 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 10 120 55 65
German 1,580 760 820 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 10 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 15 10 10 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 60 30 30 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 320 180 140 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 280 165 120 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 50 35 20 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 60 35 25 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 160 85 75 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 0 0 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 0 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 20 10 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 35 20 10 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 25 15 15 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 35 20 20 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 10 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 30 10 20 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 1,060 515 540 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 185 95 90 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 130 70 60 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 75 40 40 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 670 320 355 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 220 130 85
Japanese 50 10 35 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 90 40 45 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 55 35 20 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 10 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 40 30 15 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 0 0 10 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 70 30 40 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 25 0 25 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 430 230 205 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 430 225 200 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 170 95 70 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 10 10 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 255 130 125 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 10 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 20 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 0 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 10 0 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 10 10 0 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 25 20 10 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 25 15 0 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 100 60 40 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 20 10 10 495 205 295
Finnish 25 15 0 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 55 30 25 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 99,265 49,570 49,695 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 97,955 49,050 48,910 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,455 10,095 9,360 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 78,500 38,955 39,545 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,310 525 790 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 99,265 49,565 49,695 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 93,640 46,960 46,680 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 5,460 2,525 2,935 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 2,855 1,330 1,525 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 685 335 355 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 730 345 380 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 835 385 450 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 450 210 240 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 390 175 215 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 350 130 220 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 160 80 80 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 5,460 2,525 2,935 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 905 465 435 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 1,215 605 615 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 1,140 470 670 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 1,925 870 1,055 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 275 115 165 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,460 2,525 2,935 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 950 395 550 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 30 10 15 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 20 10 10 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 20 15 0 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 35 25 10 920 415 500
Haiti 20 10 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 50 20 25 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 30 10 20 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 10 0 10 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 20 10 15 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 610 230 380 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 115 65 50 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 3,320 1,565 1,760 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 0 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 10 0 0 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 80 25 55 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 640 275 365 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 45 25 15 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 35 20 15 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 10 25 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 65 40 20 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 395 195 200 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 220 110 105 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 35 15 20 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 65 35 35 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 50 20 25 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 55 15 40 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,315 650 670 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 275 110 170 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 135 75 60 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 20 10 10 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 0 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 0 0 0 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 10 10 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 25 15 15 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 70 45 30 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,025 480 545 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 0 0 0 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 15 15 10 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 280 140 145 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 30 20 10 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 230 125 100 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 30 15 20 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 0 0 0 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 10 0 15 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 60 30 30 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 25 15 10 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 20 15 10 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 105 10 95 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 20 10 10 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 15 0 15 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 35 10 25 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 135 80 55 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 35 15 15 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 350 130 220 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 90 25 65 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 15 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 160 115 45
Mexico 15 0 15 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 45 10 30 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 15 0 10 1,855 875 975
Europe 110 50 60 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 20 10 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 10 0 0 545 240