Census Profile, 2016 Census
Greater Sudbury, Census division [Census division], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Greater Sudbury, CDR
Ontario
[Census division]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Greater Sudbury, Census division [Census division], Ontario  Map : Greater Sudbury, Census division [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 161,647 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 160,376 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 75,103 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 69,200 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 49.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,239.02 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 161,650 79,010 82,640 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 25,095 12,875 12,215 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 8,155 4,215 3,945 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 8,630 4,450 4,175 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 8,315 4,215 4,095 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 106,875 52,865 54,010 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 9,280 4,730 4,550 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 10,435 5,365 5,065 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 9,955 4,955 4,995 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 9,810 4,885 4,925 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 9,800 4,775 5,030 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 10,025 5,010 5,015 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 10,605 5,280 5,325 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 13,300 6,540 6,760 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 12,730 6,105 6,625 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 10,945 5,215 5,725 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 29,675 13,265 16,410 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 9,435 4,670 4,765 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 7,000 3,260 3,740 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 5,330 2,390 2,935 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 4,075 1,655 2,420 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 3,835 1,285 2,550 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 2,510 930 1,580 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,060 295 765 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 250 65 190 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 5 15 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.5 16.3 14.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.1 66.9 65.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 18.4 16.8 19.9 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.2 41.1 43.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.3 41.9 44.5 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 69,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 42,625 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,455 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 21,620 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,235 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 2,870 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,210 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,150 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 160 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 505 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 69,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 20,500 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 25,570 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 10,440 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 8,985 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,705 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 158,780 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 136,555 66,130 70,425 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 78,490 39,205 39,285 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 61,870 30,905 30,960 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 16,620 8,295 8,325 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 58,065 26,930 31,135 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 35,720 19,500 16,215 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 4,670 2,085 2,580 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 7,865 3,380 4,485 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 9,805 1,960 7,850 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 46,925 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 25,765 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 10,000 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 8,385 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,775 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 46,925 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 38,675 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 30,365 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,310 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 8,250 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 6,375 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,880 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 38,675 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 20,575 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 18,095 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 7,680 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 7,790 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,620 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 8,250 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 5,195 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 2,315 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 745 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 29,095 13,865 15,230 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 69,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 45,220 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 19,845 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 25,375 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 845 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 23,135 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 20,500 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,635 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 159,860 78,315 81,545 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 96,305 48,980 47,325 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 1,300 545 755 1,110 530 580
English and French 61,865 28,645 33,215 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 395 145 250 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 159,855 78,315 81,545 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 118,150 58,775 59,375 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 40,500 19,000 21,500 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 850 405 440 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 360 125 235 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 40,925 19,205 21,720 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 25.6 24.5 26.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 159,855 78,315 81,545 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 156,180 76,585 79,595 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 146,310 71,970 74,345 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 105,355 52,710 52,645 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 40,955 19,260 21,695 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 9,860 4,610 5,250 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 230 90 135 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 220 90 130 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 60 25 30 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 5 10 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 35 15 20 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 160 65 100 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 155 55 95 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,635 4,520 5,115 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 450 260 190 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 15 5 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 5 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 430 245 185 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 5 5 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 415 240 175 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 0 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 125 65 70 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 120 60 60 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 220 75 145 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 10 5 5 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 20 5 10 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 15 0 15 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 165 55 110 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 10 5 5 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 115 55 55 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 5 5 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 35 10 25 1,750 905 845
Tamil 35 20 15 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 40 20 20 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 6,290 2,965 3,325 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 5 0 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 10 5 5 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,560 675 890 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 75 40 35 645 280 370
Latvian 30 15 15 320 145 175
Lithuanian 45 20 25 325 130 200
Slavic languages 1,485 635 850 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 5 5 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 10 5 5 1,725 805 915
Croatian 220 100 120 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 55 35 20 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 5 5 0 250 120 135
Polish 450 180 265 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 115 45 70 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 90 45 40 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 40 15 25 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 545 250 290
Ukrainian 450 175 275 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 5 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 860 390 465 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 20 10 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 30 10 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 120 60 55 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 0 80 30 50
German 665 290 375 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 0 5 835 410 430
Swedish 20 10 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 135 65 65 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 710 375 335 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 640 340 300 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 30 20 15 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 155 90 65 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 115 55 60 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 5 5 5 535 280 255
Nepali 35 20 15 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 60 55 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 15 5 5 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 1,455 730 725
Urdu 150 80 70 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 60 35 30 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 10 5 5 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 55 30 25 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,995 1,445 1,550 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 2,390 1,140 1,245 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 215 115 105 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 35 20 15 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 345 160 180 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 60 40 25
Japanese 25 10 15 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 75 40 35 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 175 90 85 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 0 5 160 90 65
Lingala 20 5 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 25 15 5 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 5 0 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 35 10 20 620 330 295
American Sign Language 15 5 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 685 340 345 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 680 335 345 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 240 110 130 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 375 180 190 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 25 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 5 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 0 5 800 405 400
Thai 20 0 20 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 25 15 5 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 25 20 5 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,375 590 785 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 35 15 15 455 195 260
Finnish 1,250 525 725 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 90 45 45 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,680 1,730 1,950 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 2,795 1,305 1,490 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 745 360 385 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 90 45 45 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 50 20 30 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 159,860 78,310 81,545 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 155,525 76,335 79,185 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 152,265 74,835 77,435 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 131,545 65,350 66,190 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 20,725 9,485 11,240 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 3,255 1,500 1,755 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 50 20 30 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 50 20 30 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 10 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 15 15 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 15 20 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,205 1,475 1,730 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 250 145 100 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 15 10 10 40 20 20
Kabyle 10 5 10 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 235 145 95 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 235 140 95 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 100 55 50 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 105 55 45 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 80 35 45 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 30 50 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 5 5 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 50 15 35 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 20 5 15 885 450 435
Tamil 15 10 10 1,935 965 965
Telugu 15 5 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,865 835 1,035 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 5 5 5 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 360 145 210 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 15 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 345 140 205 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 70 30 45 1,795 840 955
Czech 15 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 100 45 60 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 50 25 25 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 15 10 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 5 0 0 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 75 25 50 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 85 40 45 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 10 5 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 70 35 35 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 65 35 35 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 405 215 190 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 365 195 170 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 10 10 5 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 100 55 40 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 70 35 35 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 25 15 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 30 35 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 595 290 305
Urdu 80 40 40 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 35 20 15 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 5 5 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 30 20 10 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 940 390 545 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 700 275 425 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 95 50 40 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 10 5 5 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 140 65 70 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 5 0 0 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 45 30 20 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 10 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 0 5 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 5 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 50 25 25 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 10 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 20 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 405 205 200 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 405 205 200 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 120 55 65 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 240 125 120 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 15 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 10 0 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 5 0 5 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 300 110 190 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 280 105 180 435 190 240
Hungarian 15 10 10 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 4,335 1,975 2,360 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 2,665 1,175 1,495 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 1,525 745 780 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 65 30 40 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 75 35 40 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 159,860 78,310 81,545 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 125,335 62,610 62,725 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 13,345 6,135 7,210 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 17,270 7,810 9,455 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 3,660 1,640 2,015 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 295 115 180 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 3,365 1,525 1,835 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 40 25 20 965 435 530
English and non-official language 70 40 35 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 130 50 80 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 133,735 65,065 68,670 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 129,075 62,975 66,095 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,891 47,116 29,927 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 129,155 62,985 66,175 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,145 41,455 27,334 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 115,805 57,715 58,090 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,550 44,940 27,183 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,175 41,400 51,775 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,024 7,346 6,906 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,460 50,485 44,970 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,806 43,796 30,135 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 133,735 65,065 68,665 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 128,815 62,815 66,000 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,443 59,076 38,322 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 128,905 62,825 66,085 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,071 47,701 32,818 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 115,695 57,555 58,135 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,157 58,385 36,040 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,250 41,240 52,010 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,410 8,493 8,345 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,460 50,300 45,165 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,093 54,544 36,680 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 133,730 65,065 68,670 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 44,425 24,595 19,830 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,521 69,260 49,206 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,530 77,416 55,270 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.4 90.6 82.6 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.4 73.6 65.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.6 9.4 17.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 133,730 65,060 68,665 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,665 2,085 2,575 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 129,070 62,975 66,090 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.8 96.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,930 6,220 9,710 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 20,595 7,545 13,045 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 16,325 5,975 10,350 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 14,940 6,725 8,220 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 13,775 6,875 6,895 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 11,225 5,735 5,490 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 8,330 4,780 3,545 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 6,115 3,635 2,485 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 5,040 3,105 1,935 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 4,505 2,735 1,770 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 12,295 9,640 2,655 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 9,250 7,220 2,030 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,045 2,420 620 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 133,735 65,065 68,670 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,575 2,080 2,495 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 129,155 62,980 66,170 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.8 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,590 6,335 10,255 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 21,475 7,910 13,560 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 18,985 7,050 11,935 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 18,395 8,845 9,550 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 16,000 8,205 7,795 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 11,195 6,350 4,840 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 7,945 4,940 3,010 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 6,840 4,305 2,535 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 11,730 9,030 2,700 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 4,365 3,235 1,125 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,665 2,090 575 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,700 3,710 990 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 133,730 65,065 68,670 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 38,270 14,580 23,695 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 95,460 50,485 44,970 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.4 77.6 65.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,490 8,885 6,600 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 7,025 2,895 4,130 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 11,135 4,645 6,490 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 8,965 3,775 5,190 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 8,800 3,630 5,170 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 8,450 3,640 4,810 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 7,340 3,650 3,690 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 5,700 3,350 2,350 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,445 2,700 1,740 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 18,120 13,310 4,805 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 4,165 2,610 1,555 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,895 2,405 1,495 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 10,055 8,300 1,760 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 69,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,791 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,845 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 20,500 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,564 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,420 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 48,700 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,672 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,715 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 69,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,174 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,644 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 20,470 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,859 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,896 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 48,730 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 109,629 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,501 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 69,200 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 655 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,095 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,335 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,705 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,110 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,565 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,665 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,915 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,865 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,850 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,215 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,840 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,195 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,940 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,555 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 23,690 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,365 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,525 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,375 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,425 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 69,200 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 700 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,130 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,375 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,820 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,480 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,895 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,225 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,365 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,415 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,230 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,265 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,455 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,080 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,410 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,960 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,400 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,400 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,585 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,415 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 46,715 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,408 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,133 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,400 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,104 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,427 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,305 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,620 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,924 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,800 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,174 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,363 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 46,785 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 110,462 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,036 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,340 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,857 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,769 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 18,310 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,364 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,240 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,785 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,775 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,680 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 26,200 12,585 13,620 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,564 36,626 28,486 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 32,869 26,632 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 25,995 12,440 13,555 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,243 46,999 35,961 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,864 38,581 31,452 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 158,780 77,920 80,865 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 69,345 32,295 37,045 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 14,595 6,865 7,730 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 12,860 5,400 7,460 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 13,015 5,895 7,115 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 14,020 6,770 7,250 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 14,860 7,370 7,490 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 89,440 45,620 43,820 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 15,535 7,745 7,790 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 16,925 8,575 8,345 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 19,400 9,865 9,530 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 21,035 10,760 10,280 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 16,545 8,680 7,870 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 158,665 77,860 80,805 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 30,250 15,535 14,715 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 9,725 5,020 4,705 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 100,790 49,680 51,110 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 27,625 12,645 14,980 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,265 9,110 11,155 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 4,960 2,560 2,400 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,955 1,010 940 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 12,610 5,765 6,840 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,700 785 1,915 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 11.7 13.8 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.4 16.5 16.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 20.1 20.1 20.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.5 11.6 13.4 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.8 6.2 12.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,095 5,325 5,770 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,370 1,205 1,165 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,030 535 495 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 8,250 3,955 4,295 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 470 165 310 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.8 7.8 7.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.7 10.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 8.0 8.4 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.3 2.1 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 158,780 77,920 80,865 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 158,395 77,775 80,625 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 157,095 77,255 79,845 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 62,860 29,205 33,655 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 13,600 6,460 7,140 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 690 280 410 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 645 270 380 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 100 45 50 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 15 10 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 0 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 10 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 0 15 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 50 25 25 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 225 330 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 515 205 310 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 15 10 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 50 25 25 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,905 6,180 6,725 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 725 375 350 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 0 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 10 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 710 370 340 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 685 355 330 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 15 10 10 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 10 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 205 105 95 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 205 110 100 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 300 130 165 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 40 20 20 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 35 15 20 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 10 0 10 0 0
Malay 35 20 15 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 250 110 140 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 40 30 10 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 15 0 10 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 210 110 110 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 10 0 10 445 210 235
Malayalam 25 20 10 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 90 50 35 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 110 50 65 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 8,540 4,025 4,520 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,440 645 795 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 60 25 35 635 310 325
Latvian 35 20 15 310 175 140
Lithuanian 25 0 20 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,390 620 765 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 15 15 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 15 10 10 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 295 130 165 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 70 45 25 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 10 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 395 170 225 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 120 50 65 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 80 50 30 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 45 20 20 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 10 25 725 330 400
Ukrainian 400 160 240 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 25 0 25 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 15 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,120 495 625 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 40 30 15 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 20 10 10 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 190 75 115 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 865 380 490 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 0 0 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 10 10 10 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 15 10 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 240 115 120 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 1,020 535 485 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 920 485 435 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 45 25 20 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 200 125 80 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 470 250 215 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 25 15 10 1,275 650 625
Nepali 30 10 15 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 175 90 85 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 10 0 10 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 25 10 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 275 120 150 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 120 65 50 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 30 25 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 90 45 40 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 4,880 2,320 2,565 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 3,340 1,610 1,725 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 240 130 110 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 35 20 15 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,385 595 790 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 220 130 85
Japanese 65 25 40 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 85 55 35 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 280 170 105 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 35 20 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 60 30 35 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 15 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 210 95 115
Shona 25 10 15 265 125 140
Swahili 45 20 25 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 25 20 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 70 20 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 300 100 200 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 145 50 95 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 15 0 20 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 140 50 90 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 810 455 350 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 805 455 355 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 335 175 160 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 480 285 190 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 10 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 10 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 25 15 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 10 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 0 0 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 30 15 10 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 835 455 385
Turkish 10 10 10 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,550 685 865 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 30 10 15 495 205 295
Finnish 1,445 640 805 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 75 35 40 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 158,780 77,915 80,865 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 156,145 76,590 79,555 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 30,090 15,500 14,590 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 126,055 61,090 64,965 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,635 1,330 1,305 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 158,780 77,915 80,865 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 148,785 73,050 75,725 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 9,290 4,465 4,825 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 5,335 2,500 2,835 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 720 405 310 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 830 405 430 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,405 690 715 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 630 300 335 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 770 390 380 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,000 465 535 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 710 395 315 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 9,290 4,465 4,830 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,260 605 655 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 1,800 860 935 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 2,665 1,265 1,400 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 3,170 1,555 1,615 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 400 180 215 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,290 4,460 4,830 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,160 495 670 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 15 0 15 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 40 25 20 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 30 20 10 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 10 0 10 920 415 500
Haiti 25 10 15 265 110 160
Jamaica 180 90 90 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 35 10 35 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 30 10 20 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 30 20 0 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 615 255 360 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 160 60 100 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 5,430 2,585 2,845 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 20 15 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 165 85 85 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 110 50 60 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 545 245 300 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 145 65 80 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 50 20 25 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 90 55 30 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,485 735 745 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 125 75 55 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 210 80 135 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 130 70 60 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 35 20 15 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 60 10 50 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 20 15 0 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 70 35 40 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,100 540 560 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,050 465 580 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 585 295 290 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 55 25 25 430 270 150
Egypt 40 25 20 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 0 0 10 1,665 835 825
Kenya 0 0 10 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 20 15 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 10 0 10 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 30 15 20 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 405 195 210 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 2,075 1,060 1,015 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 25 10 10 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 25 10 10 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 360 195 170 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 60 35 30 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 515 235 285 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 55 30 25 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 0 0 0 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 20 0 15 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 50 25 20 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 85 50 35 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 150 65 80 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 245 110 130 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 65 35 25 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 20 10 10 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 15 10 0 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 190 100 90 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 210 125 85 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 40 30 10 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,000 465 535 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 115 60 50 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 15 15 0 160 115 45
Mexico 0 0 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 75 40 30 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 10 1,855 875 975
Europe 120 55 65 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 15