Census Profile, 2016 Census
Cochrane, District [Census division], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Cochrane, DIS
Ontario
[Census division]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Cochrane, District [Census division], Ontario  Map : Cochrane, District [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 79,682 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 81,122 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 37,974 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 34,012 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 141,268.51 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 79,680 39,570 40,110 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 13,530 6,860 6,670 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 4,435 2,235 2,195 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 4,685 2,365 2,320 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 4,415 2,265 2,145 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 52,460 26,355 26,105 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 4,720 2,420 2,300 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 4,635 2,385 2,250 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 4,715 2,360 2,350 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 4,610 2,295 2,315 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 4,560 2,230 2,330 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 4,740 2,355 2,390 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 5,250 2,570 2,680 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 6,630 3,305 3,325 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 6,880 3,495 3,385 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 5,715 2,935 2,785 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 13,690 6,350 7,340 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 4,645 2,320 2,325 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,355 1,675 1,680 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,370 1,035 1,330 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,790 770 1,015 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,530 545 990 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 990 395 595 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 435 130 305 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 85 15 70 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 15 5 15 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.0 17.3 16.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.8 66.6 65.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.2 16.0 18.3 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.6 41.0 42.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.3 42.7 43.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 34,015 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,495 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 690 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,355 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,920 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 925 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,505 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,845 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 150 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 470 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 34,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 10,040 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 12,835 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 4,910 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 4,130 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,100 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 78,515 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 66,150 32,705 33,445 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 40,005 20,005 20,000 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 30,060 15,065 14,990 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 9,950 4,940 5,010 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 26,145 12,700 13,445 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 15,970 9,040 6,925 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,310 1,095 1,215 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 3,265 1,550 1,720 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,605 1,020 3,585 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 23,640 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,250 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 4,820 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 3,905 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,660 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 23,635 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 19,695 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 14,725 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,975 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,935 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 2,925 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,010 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 19,695 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 10,870 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 8,830 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 3,730 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 3,575 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,520 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,940 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,380 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,090 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 470 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 13,025 6,540 6,485 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 34,015 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 22,675 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,540 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,140 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 475 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 10,860 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 10,040 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 825 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 78,930 39,245 39,685 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 33,835 17,455 16,380 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 3,675 1,750 1,920 1,110 530 580
English and French 41,295 19,990 21,305 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 120 45 75 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 78,930 39,250 39,680 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 44,505 22,380 22,125 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 33,840 16,585 17,255 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 475 245 230 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 110 40 70 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 34,080 16,705 17,375 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 43.2 42.6 43.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 78,930 39,245 39,680 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 76,890 38,245 38,645 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 73,005 36,425 36,575 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 39,110 19,825 19,285 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 33,895 16,600 17,295 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 3,885 1,815 2,065 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 1,615 730 885 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 1,605 725 880 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,545 695 845 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 45 20 20 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 165 60 105 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 1,320 615 705 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 25 35 70 25 40
Algonquin 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 20 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 5 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,270 1,085 1,185 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 50 35 20 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 5 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 50 35 15 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 5 0 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 40 25 15 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 0 0 0 1,770 960 805
Maltese 0 0 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 15 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 20 5 10 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 160 45 115 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 0 0 0 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 10 0 5 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 5 0 5 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 40 105 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 5 0 0 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 30 15 10 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 0 0 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 5 5 0 1,750 905 845
Tamil 20 10 10 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 0 0 0 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 1,520 740 780 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 5 0 5 1,090 560 530
Armenian 0 0 0 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 375 175 205 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 15 10 5 645 280 370
Latvian 5 5 5 320 145 175
Lithuanian 10 10 0 325 130 200
Slavic languages 360 160 195 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 5 5 0 1,725 805 915
Croatian 95 45 55 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 0 0 5 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 0 0 0 250 120 135
Polish 120 50 70 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 30 15 15 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 5 0 5 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 20 10 10 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 545 250 290
Ukrainian 50 30 20 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 0 5 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 405 215 195 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 20 15 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 0 0 0 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 70 40 25 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 305 145 155 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 5 0 835 410 430
Swedish 10 10 0 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 10 5 5 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 155 90 70 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 140 75 60 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 5 0 0 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 55 30 25 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 20 15 10 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 0 0 0 535 280 255
Nepali 20 5 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 5 5 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,455 730 725
Urdu 25 15 10 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 20 10 5 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 5 5 0 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 15 5 5 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 565 260 300 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 365 175 195 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 70 35 35 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 30 15 15 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 100 40 60 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 10 0 5 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 15 10 5 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 45 25 20 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 0 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 5 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 5 0 0 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 5 5 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 10 5 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 170 85 90 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 170 85 85 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 95 45 50 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 35 20 20 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 0 0 800 405 400
Thai 5 0 0 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 0 0 0 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 0 0 0 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 220 110 115 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 5 0 5 455 195 260
Finnish 200 95 105 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 20 15 5 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,040 1,000 1,040 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,530 760 770 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 465 215 250 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 25 10 10 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 78,930 39,250 39,685 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 76,365 38,015 38,350 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 74,985 37,380 37,610 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 50,960 25,795 25,165 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 24,030 11,580 12,450 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 1,375 635 740 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 605 285 325 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 600 285 320 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 595 280 315 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 30 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 535 250 285 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 770 355 415 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 15 10 10 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 15 5 10 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 5 535 250 290
Arabic 10 5 5 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 10 5 5 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 70 25 45 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 25 45 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 0 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 15 0 5 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 0 0 0 885 450 435
Tamil 15 5 5 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 0 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 490 225 265 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 55 20 35 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 55 25 35 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 5 5 925 425 495
Croatian 20 5 10 1,795 840 955
Czech 0 0 0 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 20 5 10 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 10 0 5 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 0 0 0 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 0 0 0 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 0 0 0 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 170 85 80 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 5 0 0 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 150 75 70 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 5 5 0 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 110 60 50 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 95 50 45 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 0 0 0 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 45 30 20 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 5 5 5 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 15 5 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 5 10 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 10 5 10 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 10 5 0 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 5 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 155 60 95 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 80 25 55 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 20 10 10 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 10 5 5 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 45 15 30 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 0 0 0 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 5 5 0 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 10 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 5 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 5 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 20 10 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 5 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 95 50 45 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 95 55 45 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 55 35 25 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 20 10 10 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 0 0 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 20 10 10 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 20 5 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 0 5 0 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 2,565 1,235 1,330 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,885 920 960 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 625 275 350 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 30 20 10 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 30 15 15 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 78,930 39,245 39,680 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 58,130 29,375 28,755 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 9,830 4,670 5,155 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 9,105 4,355 4,745 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 1,770 795 975 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 985 450 530 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 785 340 445 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 15 10 10 965 435 530
English and non-official language 35 20 20 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 50 25 25 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 64,990 32,220 32,770 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,895 31,350 31,550 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,063 46,033 27,029 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,915 31,350 31,570 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,923 40,610 25,218 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,135 28,235 26,905 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,370 45,504 24,537 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,895 20,330 24,565 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,074 8,431 7,673 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 46,135 24,605 21,530 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,167 47,447 27,176 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 64,990 32,215 32,770 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,005 31,390 31,615 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,390 55,654 35,200 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,015 31,390 31,625 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,168 45,485 30,907 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,185 28,315 26,870 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,231 54,857 33,034 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 45,190 20,480 24,715 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,267 9,450 9,115 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 46,135 24,645 21,485 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,607 53,730 34,143 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 64,990 32,220 32,770 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 20,265 11,450 8,820 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 57,590 68,816 46,044 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,114 75,283 51,911 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.4 88.9 79.8 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.3 76.1 66.2 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.6 11.1 20.2 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 64,990 32,220 32,775 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,095 870 1,225 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 62,895 31,345 31,545 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.8 97.3 96.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,970 3,040 4,930 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 10,680 3,940 6,740 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 9,120 3,730 5,385 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 7,060 3,110 3,950 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,160 2,970 3,185 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,010 2,715 2,295 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 3,940 2,405 1,530 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 2,995 2,020 980 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,280 1,545 735 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,225 1,475 750 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 5,455 4,390 1,060 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 4,340 3,460 875 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,115 925 185 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 64,990 32,215 32,775 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,075 870 1,205 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 62,920 31,345 31,565 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 97.3 96.3 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,195 3,105 5,090 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 11,140 4,110 7,030 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 10,430 4,315 6,115 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 8,330 3,880 4,450 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 7,165 3,745 3,420 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 5,325 3,265 2,060 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 3,895 2,625 1,270 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,195 2,210 990 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 5,230 4,085 1,145 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,175 1,620 555 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,225 1,005 220 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,830 1,460 370 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 64,995 32,220 32,770 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 18,855 7,615 11,240 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 46,135 24,600 21,530 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.0 76.4 65.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,085 3,695 3,395 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 3,725 1,500 2,230 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 5,435 2,275 3,165 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 4,515 1,815 2,705 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 4,235 1,715 2,515 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 3,905 1,760 2,150 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 3,565 1,955 1,610 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 2,915 1,870 1,040 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,310 1,580 735 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 8,440 6,445 1,995 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,880 1,305 585 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,045 1,335 710 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 4,515 3,810 710 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 34,015 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,349 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,192 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,040 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,451 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,160 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 23,970 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,454 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,757 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 34,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,082 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,717 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,015 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,094 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,099 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 23,995 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,607 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,167 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 34,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 325 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 365 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,120 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,615 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,865 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,440 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,540 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,520 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,405 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,355 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,595 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,190 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,060 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,885 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,700 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,025 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,715 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,665 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,965 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,685 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 34,010 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 350 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 370 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,140 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,665 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,050 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,590 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,720 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,740 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,695 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,600 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,035 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,610 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,415 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,255 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,905 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,865 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,540 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,110 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,220 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 23,400 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,382 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,652 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,380 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,916 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,693 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,925 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,648 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,419 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,630 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,917 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,568 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 23,395 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,596 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,099 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,365 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,542 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,185 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,925 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,206 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,888 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,635 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,069 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,459 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,715 5,915 5,795 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,942 37,459 24,944 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,728 33,437 24,000 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 11,690 5,765 5,925 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,338 47,775 35,073 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,465 39,746 31,299 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 78,515 39,075 39,435 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 37,090 17,520 19,570 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 7,515 3,515 4,000 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 8,345 3,550 4,790 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 7,180 3,450 3,725 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 6,920 3,430 3,485 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 7,135 3,565 3,570 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 41,420 21,555 19,860 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 7,435 3,815 3,615 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 8,350 4,325 4,030 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 9,180 4,800 4,385 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 9,615 5,005 4,610 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 6,840 3,615 3,225 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 75,365 37,445 37,920 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 15,300 7,755 7,540 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 4,885 2,465 2,415 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 47,425 23,735 23,690 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 12,640 5,955 6,685 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 10,690 4,675 6,020 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,835 1,415 1,420 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,070 510 560 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 5,840 2,620 3,215 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,020 640 1,380 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 12.5 15.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.5 18.2 18.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.9 20.7 23.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.3 11.0 13.6 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 16.0 10.7 20.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,870 1,840 2,030 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,015 495 520 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 390 185 210 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 2,715 1,290 1,425 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 140 50 90 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.1 4.9 5.4 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 6.6 6.4 6.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 8.0 7.5 8.7 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.7 5.4 6.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.1 0.8 1.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 78,510 39,080 39,435 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 78,400 39,035 39,365 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 74,770 37,360 37,410 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 44,820 21,695 23,125 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 5,485 2,605 2,880 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 2,325 1,100 1,225 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 2,265 1,080 1,185 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,195 1,045 1,150 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 80 40 40 0 0 10
Naskapi 10 0 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 0 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 240 130 110 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 1,860 865 1,000 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 90 45 45 140 40 100
Algonquin 15 10 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 45 25 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 35 15 20 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 35 10 20 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 10 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 10 20 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,165 1,510 1,655 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 35 25 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 10 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 50 35 20 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 35 20 10 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 15 0 10 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 10 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 10 10 0 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 165 50 115 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 0 0 0 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 15 0 10 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 45 115 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 10 0 10 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 25 15 15 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 10 0 10 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 10 0 10 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 0 0 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 2,300 1,095 1,210 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 15 0 10 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 400 180 215 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 15 15 0 635 310 325
Latvian 10 0 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 10 10 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 390 170 215 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 120 55 70 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 0 10 0 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 0 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 110 45 60 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 40 20 20 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 10 0 10 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 20 15 10 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 75 45 35 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 0 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 490 275 220 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 65 40 30 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 0 0 0 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 100 45 50 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 330 180 155 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 0 0 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 20 15 0 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 10 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 30 10 15 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 175 85 90 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 150 80 75 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 0 0 0 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 80 50 30 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 75 40 35 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 0 0 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 10 0 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 10 0 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 35 15 20 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 25 10 20 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 0 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 15 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 1,235 550 685 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 545 220 325 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 120 60 60 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 35 15 25 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 590 280 310 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 0 0 0 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 10 0 10 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 55 40 20 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 10 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 10 0 265 125 140
Swahili 15 15 0 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 25 15 10 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 135 60 75 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 45 30 20 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 85 30 60 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 160 95 65 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 165 100 65 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 90 55 40 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 55 30 25 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 10 0 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 15 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 0 0 0 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 0 0 0 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 255 135 120 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 10 10 10 495 205 295
Finnish 220 110 110 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 30 25 10 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 78,510 39,075 39,430 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 77,865 38,750 39,115 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,310 8,345 7,965 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 61,555 30,405 31,150 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 645 325 320 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 78,510 39,075 39,435 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 76,220 37,950 38,275 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,165 1,060 1,110 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 1,100 565 535 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 165 85 85 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 230 105 125 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 400 180 215 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 185 85 95 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 210 95 115 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 265 125 140 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 120 65 60 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,170 1,065 1,105 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 370 185 185 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 480 275 205 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 465 205 260 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 775 360 420 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 80 35 45 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,170 1,060 1,110 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 355 165 185 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 10 10 10 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 0 0 0 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 10 0 10 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 10 0 0 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 20 10 10 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 25 10 20 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 0 0 0 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 0 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 190 85 110 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 80 50 30 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 1,155 590 570 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 10 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 40 25 15 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 35 15 20 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 155 80 75 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 0 0 0 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 20 20 0 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 235 105 125 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 55 35 15 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 50 20 30 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 45 30 15 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 35 15 20 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 10 0 10 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 10 0 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 0 0 0 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 290 125 165 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 165 100 65 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 160 100 55 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 30 20 0 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 0 0 0 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 25 10 10 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 55 35 20 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 40 35 0 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 500 205 290 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 0 0 0 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 0 0 0 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 95 30 65 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 15 15 0 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 95 40 50 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 20 10 15 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 10 10 0 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 0 0 0 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 0 10 0 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 0 0 0 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 30 15 15 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 165 45 125 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 0 0 0 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 25 15 10 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 40 20 20 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 0 0 0 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 265 120 140 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 75 25 50 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 10 160 115 45
Mexico 10 0 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 40 15 30 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 10 1,855 875 975
Europe 30 15 15 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0 0 545