Census Profile, 2016 Census
Division No. 1, Census division [Census division], Manitoba and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Division No. 1, CDR
Manitoba
[Census division]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Division No. 1, Census division [Census division], Manitoba  Map : Division No. 1, Census division [Census division], Manitoba Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 18,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,278,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 17,331  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,208,268  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 17,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 8,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 14,871.94  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 552,370.99  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 18,535 9,615 8,915 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 2,515 1,290 1,225 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 770 380 385 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 830 445 390 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 915 460 455 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 11,045 5,780 5,265 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 890 460 430 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 795 475 315 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 745 415 330 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 825 435 390 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 710 380 325 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 825 455 370 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 1,030 515 515 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 1,485 750 740 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 1,810 905 900 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 1,930 985 950 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 4,975 2,545 2,430 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 1,795 915 875 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 1,300 670 630 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 955 525 430 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 520 265 255 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 410 170 240 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 255 115 140 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 115 50 65 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 35 5 25 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 5 0 5 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.6 13.4 13.7 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 59.6 60.1 59.1 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 26.8 26.5 27.3 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.2 1.8 2.7 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 47.6 47.2 48.0 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 53.3 52.7 53.8 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 8,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 331,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 8,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 2,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 3,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 164,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 17,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,240,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 16,020 8,330 7,690 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 10,640 5,385 5,250 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 9,300 4,715 4,585 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 1,340 670 670 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 5,380 2,945 2,435 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 3,010 1,880 1,130 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 370 225 150 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 895 530 365 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 1,105 310 800 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 5,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 3,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 5,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 5,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 4,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 242,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 5,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 3,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 1,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,975 1,670 1,305 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 8,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 5,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 323,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 2,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 2,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 18,125 9,290 8,835 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 16,260 8,350 7,910 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 15 10 5 1,485 680 800
English and French 1,805 910 895 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 45 20 25 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 18,125 9,285 8,835 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 17,080 8,730 8,350 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 980 525 460 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 20 15 5 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 45 20 25 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 990 530 460 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 5.5 5.7 5.2 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 18,125 9,285 8,835 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 17,835 9,130 8,700 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 15,525 7,955 7,570 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 14,420 7,365 7,060 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 1,100 590 515 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 2,310 1,185 1,130 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 50 20 25 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 50 25 25 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 5 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 15 20 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 15 20 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,265 1,165 1,100 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 15 10 10 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,750 875 875
Bilen 0 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 0 0 0 345 175 170
Somali 0 0 0 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 15 5 5 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 0 0 0 1,770 885 885
Arabic 15 5 5 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 545 320 225
Maltese 5 5 5 40 20 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 280 135 145
Vietnamese 0 0 0 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 70 25 40 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 0 0 0 175 80 95
Cebuano 0 0 5 1,245 565 675
Fijian 5 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 390 170 220
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 5 0 5 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 655 315 340
Pangasinan 0 0 0 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 60 25 30 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 70 85
Creole languages 0 0 0 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 25 10 15 1,565 825 735
Kannada 0 0 0 95 50 40
Malayalam 25 10 15 790 410 380
Tamil 0 0 0 480 255 230
Telugu 0 0 0 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,050 1,065 990 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 0 0 0 350 170 180
Armenian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 560 285 275 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 5 5 0 165 65 95
Latvian 10 5 0 80 35 45
Lithuanian 0 0 0 85 35 45
Slavic languages 550 280 275 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 0 0 0 40 20 25
Bosnian 5 0 5 575 285 290
Bulgarian 0 0 0 140 70 65
Croatian 5 5 0 1,030 505 530
Czech 15 5 5 615 310 310
Macedonian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Polish 105 60 50 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 15 10 5 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 0 0 0 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 240 110 130
Slovak 10 5 5 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 270 130 140
Ukrainian 395 195 195 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Celtic languages 0 0 0 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 50 25 20
Welsh 0 0 0 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 1,385 715 670 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 5 0 5 420 220 205
Danish 5 0 0 280 145 135
Dutch 75 40 35 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 0 0 0 55 30 25
German 1,290 665 625 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 0 0 0 475 210 260
Norwegian 5 5 5 115 45 65
Swedish 5 0 0 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 310 125 180
Yiddish 5 0 0 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 10 5 5 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 20 20 5 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 15 15 0 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 0 0 0 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 0 0 5 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 5 5 0 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 35 20 15
Marathi 0 0 0 135 80 50
Nepali 0 0 0 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 0 0 0 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 670 345 320
Urdu 0 0 0 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 5 0 0 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 0 0 0 415 210 200
Pashto 0 0 0 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 5 5 5 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 80 45 35 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 25 15 10 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 20 10 10 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 10 10 0 645 310 335
Spanish 25 15 15 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Japanese 5 0 5 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 10 5 5 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Mongolian 0 0 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Ewe 0 0 0 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Ga 0 0 0 15 10 5
Ganda 0 0 0 50 20 30
Igbo 5 0 0 280 155 130
Lingala 0 0 0 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 250 125 120
Shona 0 0 0 110 50 60
Swahili 5 0 5 870 420 455
Wolof 0 0 0 75 50 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 395 215 180
Dinka 0 0 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 100
Sign languages 5 0 5 440 230 210
American Sign Language 0 0 5 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 15 10 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 25 15 10 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 10 5 5 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 0 0 0 55 30 25
Mandarin 5 0 5 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 5 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 575 295 285
Burmese 0 0 0 85 50 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,120 525 595
Lao 5 5 0 875 445 430
Thai 0 0 0 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 30 20 15
Turkish 0 0 0 210 120 95
Uyghur 0 0 0 10 5 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Uralic languages 50 20 25 1,440 655 790
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 15
Finnish 10 5 10 225 85 135
Hungarian 35 15 20 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 85 70
Multiple responses 295 155 140 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 85 50 40 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 195 100 95 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 5 5 5 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 18,125 9,290 8,840 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 17,660 9,040 8,620 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 16,925 8,680 8,250 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 16,665 8,540 8,125 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 265 145 120 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 735 360 370 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 730 355 370 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 5 0 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 0 0 0 210 95 115
Somali 0 0 0 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 5 5 0 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 0 0 0 1,045 520 525
Arabic 5 5 5 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 125 55 70
Vietnamese 0 0 0 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 45 20 20 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 0 0 0 495 250 245
Fijian 5 5 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 125 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 20 20 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 0 0 0 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 15 5 5 800 400 400
Kannada 0 0 0 45 25 25
Malayalam 10 0 5 405 195 205
Tamil 0 0 0 240 120 120
Telugu 0 0 0 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 630 310 320 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 0 0 0 155 80 75
Armenian 0 0 0 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 80 45 35 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Latvian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 80 45 40 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 285 145 140
Bulgarian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Croatian 0 0 0 320 145 180
Czech 5 5 5 115 55 60
Macedonian 0 0 0 85 35 45
Polish 25 10 10 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 0 0 5 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 0 0 0 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 90 40 50
Slovak 0 0 0 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 55 20 30
Ukrainian 50 25 20 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 515 240 270 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 5 0 0 200 100 100
Danish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dutch 5 5 5 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 505 240 265 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 5 5 5 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 15 10 5 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 5 5 0 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 0 0 0 690 390 305
Gujarati 0 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 0 0 0 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 40 25 20
Nepali 0 0 0 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 0 0 0 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 360 190 170
Urdu 5 10 0 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 5 0 0 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 0 0 0 275 135 140
Pashto 0 0 0 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 5 5 0 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 20 10 10 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 0 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 5 0 5 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 0 0 5 235 110 125
Spanish 15 5 10 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 10 5 0 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 75 40 35
Lingala 0 0 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 55 50
Shona 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swahili 0 0 0 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 10 5 0 560 310 255
American Sign Language 5 5 0 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 10 5 5 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 10 0 5 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 0 0 0 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 0 0 0 25 10 15
Mandarin 0 0 5 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 465 235 225
Burmese 0 0 0 55 30 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 535 250 280
Lao 0 0 0 430 210 220
Thai 0 0 0 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkish 0 0 0 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 5 0 5 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hungarian 5 5 0 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Multiple responses 465 245 220 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 60 35 25 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 405 210 195 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 18,125 9,285 8,840 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 16,790 8,605 8,190 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 370 185 185 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 390 205 185 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 565 290 275 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 30 10 20 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 535 280 255 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 0 0 0 305 150 150
English and non-official language 0 0 0 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 10 5 5 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 15,235 7,815 7,425 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 14,745 7,570 7,175 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,961 41,582 25,706 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 14,750 7,570 7,175 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,329 36,424 23,368 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 13,555 7,130 6,430 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,715 35,506 20,497 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 11,250 5,480 5,770 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,270 10,506 8,497 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,705 5,275 4,430 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,234 34,944 22,923 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 15,235 7,780 7,455 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 14,740 7,470 7,265 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,373 49,834 32,674 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 14,740 7,470 7,265 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,457 41,048 27,682 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 13,535 7,030 6,500 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,197 45,311 28,427 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 11,325 5,415 5,915 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,398 9,945 8,896 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,700 5,185 4,520 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,412 44,153 29,684 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 15,235 7,780 7,455 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 4,125 2,470 1,650 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,922 55,305 43,477 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,318 63,127 48,615 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.5 85.5 77.8 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 60.0 61.9 56.9 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.5 14.5 22.3 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 15,240 7,815 7,425 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 490 245 245 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 14,740 7,570 7,175 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.9 96.6 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,750 640 1,110 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 2,660 1,025 1,635 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 2,345 970 1,370 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 1,980 980 1,000 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 1,710 1,005 705 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 1,225 780 445 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 910 620 290 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 645 455 185 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 475 300 175 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 330 235 95 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 725 560 160 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 515 395 120 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 210 170 40 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 15,235 7,815 7,425 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 490 245 245 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 14,750 7,570 7,180 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 96.9 96.7 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,905 660 1,245 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 2,840 1,110 1,730 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 2,770 1,180 1,590 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 2,395 1,305 1,090 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 1,790 1,155 635 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 1,145 785 360 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 800 560 245 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 450 315 135 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 655 505 145 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 250 190 60 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 135 95 40 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 270 220 55 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 15,235 7,815 7,425 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 5,540 2,540 2,995 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 9,700 5,275 4,430 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 63.7 67.5 59.7 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,750 880 870 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 765 365 395 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 1,355 580 770 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 1,190 550 640 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 1,030 495 530 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 845 490 355 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 640 405 240 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 560 380 180 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 440 295 140 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 1,135 830 300 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 360 225 135 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 215 160 55 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 560 450 105 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 8,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 62,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,147  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,724  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,093  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 2,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,159  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 5,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,532  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 8,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,476  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,859  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,154  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 2,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,984  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 5,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,409  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,591  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,044  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 8,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 8,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 5,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 64,923  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,529  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,456  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,902  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 84,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,648  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,877  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 5,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,629  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,583  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,743  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,959  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,625 1,510 1,115 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,417 38,880 29,568 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,688 33,584 26,931 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 2,605 1,480 1,125 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,178 47,161 37,937 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,095 38,556 32,857 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 17,660 9,060 8,600 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 10,145 5,110 5,040 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 1,790 930 865 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 2,025 955 1,080 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 2,135 1,065 1,065 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 2,065 1,045 1,015 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 2,125 1,110 1,010 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 7,515 3,950 3,565 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 1,910 980 935 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 1,760 920 840 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 1,535 830 700 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 1,370 730 645 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 935 495 445 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 17,175 8,805 8,375 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 2,830 1,450 1,375 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 855 435 420 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 9,695 4,940 4,755 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 4,655 2,415 2,245 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,785 1,375 1,405 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 765 385 375 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 250 130 120 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 1,430 705 725 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 590 285 305 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.2 15.6 16.8 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 27.0 26.6 27.3 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 29.2 29.9 28.6 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.3 15.2 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 12.7 11.8 13.6 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 855 445 415 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 265 115 145 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 70 35 40 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 550 300 250 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 50 30 15 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.0 5.1 5.0 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 9.4 7.9 10.5 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 8.2 8.0 9.5 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 5.7 6.1 5.3 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 1.1 1.2 0.7 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 17,660 9,055 8,605 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 17,625 9,040 8,585 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 17,615 9,035 8,575 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 1,785 890 895 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 2,355 1,230 1,125 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 105 50 50 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 95 40 50 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 0 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 10 0 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 85 40 45 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 85 35 45 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,255 1,180 1,075 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 25 10 10 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 0 0 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 0 0 0 535 275 260
Somali 0 0 0 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 20 10 15 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 0 0 0 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 20 10 0 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 10 0 0 65 30 35
Tigrigna 0 0 0 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 335 185 150
Vietnamese 0 0 0 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 170 85 85 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 0 0 0 225 100 125
Cebuano 10 0 10 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 10 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 425 180 245
Ilocano 10 0 10 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 945 415 530
Pangasinan 0 0 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 80 80 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 80 120
Creole languages 0 0 0 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 45 20 25 1,840 945 895
Kannada 0 0 0 175 95 80
Malayalam 50 20 25 830 400 430
Tamil 0 0 0 655 330 325
Telugu 0 0 0 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,945 1,040 900 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 0 0 0 390 195 195
Armenian 0 0 0 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 550 300 250 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 0 0 10 230 90 140
Latvian 0 0 10 115 45 70
Lithuanian 0 0 0 120 50 65
Slavic languages 545 300 250 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 25 45
Bosnian 0 0 0 835 405 430
Bulgarian 0 0 0 155 95 60
Croatian 10 0 0 1,595 765 825
Czech 20 10 10 735 335 395
Macedonian 0 0 0 140 75 60
Polish 85 55 30 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 25 15 10 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 10 0 0 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 190 75 115
Slovak 15 0 10 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 275 100 175
Ukrainian 410 225 190 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 30
Celtic languages 0 0 0 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 90 65 25
Welsh 0 0 0 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Germanic languages 1,180 645 530 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 0 0 0 715 330 385
Danish 0 0 0 270 120 150
Dutch 45 20 25 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 0 0 0 90 65 30
German 1,105 615 495 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 0 0 0 560 225 335
Norwegian 15 0 10 290 115 175
Swedish 0 0 0 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 270 120 155
Yiddish 10 0 0 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 0 0 0 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 75 45 30 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 45 20 20 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 0 0 0 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 0 0 0 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 45 20 25 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 10
Konkani 0 0 0 40 30 10
Marathi 0 0 0 275 170 105
Nepali 0 0 0 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 0 0 0 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 920 500 420
Urdu 0 0 0 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 30 20 10 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 0 0 0 600 295 305
Pashto 0 0 0 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 30 15 10 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 195 95 100 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 35 20 20 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 25 15 15 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 0 0 0 785 395 390
Spanish 140 65 70 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 45 15
Japanese 15 10 10 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 0 0 0 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 10 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 0 0 0 95 60 30
Ewe 0 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 0 0 0 30 10 15
Ganda 0 0 0 230 110 120
Igbo 0 10 10 665 345 325
Lingala 0 0 0 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 305 155 155
Shona 0 0 0 250 110 140
Swahili 0 0 0 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 0 0 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Sign languages 20 0 20 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 15 0 10 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 20 0 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 20 20 0 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 15 15 0 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 0 0 0 50 30 20
Mandarin 0 0 0 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 10 0 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 675 310 370
Burmese 0 0 0 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,565 730 835
Lao 0 0 0 1,120 520 600
Thai 0 0 0 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 50 25 30
Turkish 0 0 0 365 180 185
Uyghur 0 0 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 30
Uralic languages 35 10 25 1,550 730 815
Estonian 0 0 0 45 20 25
Finnish 10 0 10 265 105 160
Hungarian 25 10 15 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 17,655 9,055 8,600 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 17,075 8,780 8,295 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,955 1,535 1,420 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 14,120 7,250 6,875 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 580 275 310 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 17,660 9,055 8,605 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 15,890 8,160 7,730 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,705 860 845 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 880 460 415 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 145 65 80 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 135 50 80 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 375 200 175 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 185 100 80 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 190 95 90 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 180 85 90 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 60 35 30 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,705 860 845 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 235 140 95 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 340 185 150 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 460 215 240 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 570 265 300 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 110 45 55 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,705 860 845 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 490 250 240 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 0 0 0 435 170 265
Colombia 10 0 10 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 0 0 0 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 0 0 0 1,135 515 620
Haiti 0 0 0 155 75 80
Jamaica 10 0 0 1,810 835 970
Mexico 45 25 20 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 0 0 0 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 15 10 0 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 315 155 160 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 100 60 45 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 875 445 435 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 1,055 530 525
Croatia 10 0 0 975 445 535
France 10 0 0 795 425 365
Germany 240 135 105 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 0 0 0 820 445 375
Hungary 15 10 0 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 0 650 310 340
Italy 10 0 0 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 65 30 35 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 60 35 30 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 15 0 0 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 0 0 0 720 345 375
Russian Federation 30 20 10 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 10 0 355 175 175
Ukraine 35 10 25 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 245 125 125 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 120 55 60 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 45 20 25 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 0 0 0 115 60 55
Egypt 0 0 0 980 525 455
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 0 0 0 935 470 465
Morocco 15 10 0 250 140 110
Nigeria 0 0 10 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 0 0 0 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 10 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 15 10 10 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 290 140 150 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 0 0 0 615 285 330
Bangladesh 0 0 0 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 15 10 0 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 1,460 715 735
India 65 35 30 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 20 10 10