Census Profile, 2016 Census
Division No. 11, Census division [Census division], Saskatchewan and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Division No. 11, CDR
Saskatchewan
[Census division]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Division No. 11, Census division [Census division], Saskatchewan  Map : Division No. 11, Census division [Census division], Saskatchewan
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 303,423 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 271,170 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.9 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 129,632 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 119,128 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 18.2 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 16,692.08 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 303,420 149,820 153,605 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 57,000 29,265 27,735 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 20,060 10,310 9,745 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 19,340 9,925 9,415 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 17,600 9,035 8,570 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 205,950 102,995 102,960 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 18,040 9,185 8,855 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 22,675 11,545 11,135 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 25,380 12,820 12,555 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 24,490 12,150 12,340 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 21,430 10,760 10,670 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 19,040 9,540 9,500 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 18,070 9,105 8,960 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 20,200 10,005 10,195 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 19,535 9,570 9,970 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 17,090 8,315 8,775 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 40,475 17,565 22,910 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 12,735 6,105 6,625 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 8,730 4,095 4,640 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 6,970 2,955 4,015 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 5,575 2,270 3,300 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 6,460 2,130 4,330 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 3,900 1,430 2,470 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,890 570 1,320 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 580 120 455 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 95 10 80 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.8 19.5 18.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.7 67.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.3 11.7 14.9 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.4 2.8 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 38.0 36.9 39.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 35.9 35.0 36.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 119,125 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 72,925 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,270 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 40,920 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,590 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 7,445 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,570 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 23,235 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 80 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,015 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 119,130 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 32,420 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 40,935 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 18,065 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 16,705 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,010 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 296,705 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 246,425 120,560 125,865 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 141,915 71,115 70,800 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 120,285 60,275 60,005 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 21,630 10,840 10,795 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 104,510 49,445 55,065 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 72,835 39,240 33,600 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 5,305 2,345 2,960 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 13,725 5,520 8,205 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 12,645 2,340 10,305 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 81,650 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 40,510 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 16,735 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 16,010 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,395 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 81,650 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 69,110 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 58,300 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 10,810 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 12,540 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 9,875 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 2,665 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 69,110 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 33,145 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 35,960 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 13,260 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 14,855 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 7,845 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 12,540 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 7,360 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 3,475 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,710 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 56,330 27,845 28,485 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 119,130 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 77,680 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 31,790 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 45,895 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,930 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 39,510 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 32,415 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,095 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 299,450 148,180 151,275 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 277,650 138,315 139,345 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 155 75 80 1,110 530 580
English and French 18,025 8,155 9,875 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 3,610 1,635 1,980 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 299,450 148,180 151,275 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 291,530 144,455 147,080 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 3,560 1,720 1,840 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 860 425 430 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 3,505 1,575 1,920 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,985 1,935 2,055 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 299,455 148,180 151,275 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 293,445 145,320 148,120 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 242,690 120,575 122,115 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 238,810 118,700 120,110 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 3,880 1,875 2,000 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 50,755 24,745 26,010 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 1,370 570 800 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 1,085 445 640 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 925 375 550 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 260 110 150 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 20 30 15 10 5
Woods Cree 75 35 40 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 530 205 325 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 160 75 85 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 160 70 90 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 200 80 120 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 200 85 115 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 200 80 115 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 5 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 25 10 15 10 0 5
Salish languages 5 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 45 20 25 25 10 10
Dakota 40 20 20 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 49,385 24,180 25,205 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,390 1,750 1,645 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 385 185 200 1,355 675 680
Bilen 25 15 10 5 0 0
Oromo 140 75 70 165 95 75
Somali 205 90 115 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,985 1,545 1,440 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 140 60 80 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,960 1,035 925 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 145 135 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 30 15 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 5 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 290 140 150 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,145 550 595 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 35 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,075 520 555 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 8,285 3,905 4,380 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 35 20 20 310 140 170
Cebuano 535 235 305 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 5 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 80 40 45 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 255 120 130 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 55 25 30 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 20 30 635 290 345
Pangasinan 15 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,125 3,380 3,750 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 30 15 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 50 830 360 470
Creole languages 70 35 35 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 540 290 250 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 35 15 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 250 135 115 1,750 905 845
Tamil 155 85 70 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 95 50 50 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 26,365 12,895 13,475 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 85 50 40 1,090 560 530
Armenian 45 25 20 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 6,215 2,785 3,430 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 60 35 30 645 280 370
Latvian 50 20 25 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 10 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 6,150 2,755 3,400 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 110 55 60 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 30 15 10 1,725 805 915
Croatian 160 85 75 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 80 35 40 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 45 25 20 250 120 135
Polish 650 295 355 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,160 535 620 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 175 105 80 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 75 35 35 1,145 545 600
Slovak 40 25 20 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 545 250 290
Ukrainian 3,520 1,500 2,020 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 180 90 90
Celtic languages 20 10 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 10 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 6,315 2,925 3,390 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 215 95 115 1,435 730 705
Danish 80 45 35 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 435 225 215 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 15 10 5 80 30 50
German 5,405 2,490 2,910 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 15 5 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 85 30 55 835 410 430
Swedish 40 20 20 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 235 120 110 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 10,555 5,550 5,000 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 9,265 4,860 4,405 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,665 900 765 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 775 415 360 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 570 320 255 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 10 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 5 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 55 30 25 535 280 255
Nepali 330 170 165 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,140 1,160 975 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 100 50 45 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 220 105 110 1,455 730 725
Urdu 3,390 1,700 1,695 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,140 615 525 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 55 35 25 1,650 875 780
Pashto 295 160 135 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 790 415 370 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,895 1,425 1,470 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 5 125 65 55
Italian 210 110 105 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 375 155 225 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 405 210 195 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,900 955 950 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 150 55 95 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 495 235 255 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 35 10 25 340 145 200
Mongolian 30 10 20 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 900 475 420 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 75 50 30 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 20 10 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 15 10 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 70 40 25 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 25 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 25 25 105 45 55
Shona 55 25 25 150 70 85
Swahili 165 90 75 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 220 105 110 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 85 85 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 70 65 265 135 135
Dinka 40 20 15 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40 190 85 100
Sign languages 90 45 45 620 330 295
American Sign Language 40 20 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 25 25 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,880 3,430 3,445 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 6,545 3,250 3,295 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,885 935 955 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 15 10 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 4,130 2,060 2,070 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 45 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 380 185 190 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 335 180 160 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 95 65 35 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 220 105 120 770 370 400
Tibetan 10 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 215 90 125 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 145 70 70 800 405 400
Thai 70 25 45 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 180 95 80 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 495 275 225
Turkish 130 80 55 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 470 215 250 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 10 0 10 455 195 260
Finnish 75 30 45 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 380 190 190 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 365 200 170
Multiple responses 6,010 2,855 3,150 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 650 300 345 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 5,140 2,450 2,690 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 90 45 50 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 130 70 70 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 299,450 148,180 151,275 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 286,835 142,000 144,830 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 260,935 129,050 131,885 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 259,840 128,485 131,350 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,095 565 530 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 25,900 12,950 12,950 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 370 170 190 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 265 125 145 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 235 110 135 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 65 25 40 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 150 65 85 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 20 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 20 10 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 75 40 40 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 40 35 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 80 40 40 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 15 10 10 10 5 5
Dakota 10 5 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,535 12,775 12,755 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,315 1,165 1,150 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 5 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 250 120 135 695 315 380
Bilen 15 5 10 0 0 0
Oromo 115 60 55 80 40 35
Somali 115 50 65 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 2,060 1,035 1,020 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 65 35 35 535 250 290
Arabic 1,415 725 690 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 210 100 110 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 55 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 10 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 175 80 90 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 770 365 400 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 620 290 330
Vietnamese 745 360 390 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 4,425 2,165 2,270 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 205 100 110 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 55 30 25 355 150 205
Ilocano 65 30 30 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 20 10 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,030 1,960 2,065 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 10 260 130 130
Creole languages 30 10 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 265 140 130 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 15 10 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 160 80 80 885 450 435
Tamil 55 30 30 1,935 965 965
Telugu 35 15 20 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 11,595 5,895 5,705 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 45 25 20 530 255 270
Armenian 35 20 15 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 2,080 1,035 1,050 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 35 10 15 160 75 90
Latvian 25 10 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 0 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 2,050 1,020 1,030 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 60 30 25 540 270 270
Bulgarian 20 10 10 925 425 495
Croatian 50 25 30 1,795 840 955
Czech 15 10 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 35 15 20 120 60 60
Polish 220 105 120 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 660 335 320 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 140 75 65 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 30 10 20 435 205 235
Slovak 25 15 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 765 380 390 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,100 545 555 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 120 60 60 520 250 265
Danish 0 5 0 180 90 90
Dutch 45 25 15 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 925 450 470 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 100 45 60 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 6,870 3,540 3,330 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 6,060 3,130 2,935 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 1,180 610 570 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 535 275 255 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 300 160 140 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 25 15 10 245 125 120
Nepali 225 115 110 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,445 780 665 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 45 20 25 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 50 595 290 305
Urdu 2,195 1,095 1,105 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 730 370 360 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 35 20 15 1,025 515 505
Pashto 185 90 90 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 510 255 250 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,360 685 675 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 45 20 25 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 120 55 65 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 200 105 100 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,000 505 495 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 55 25 30 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 310 150 160 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 160 80 85
Mongolian 20 10 10 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 230 115 120 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 5 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 20 10 10 40 15 20
Swahili 60 30 30 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 25 25 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 25 35 105 50 55
Dinka 20 10 10 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 110 65 45 830 460 370
American Sign Language 40 20 20 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 45 30 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,030 2,500 2,530 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 4,770 2,375 2,395 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,225 580 645 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 3,260 1,650 1,610 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 230 115 115 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 130 130 1,630 820 810
Burmese 60 30 25 685 350 335
Karenic languages 190 90 95 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 0 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 85 35 45 1,015 435 580
Lao 50 25 25 335 160 175
Thai 30 10 20 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 85 45 45 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 70 35 35 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 125 70 60 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 15 10 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 110 60 50 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 12,615 6,175 6,440 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 435 210 225 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 11,905 5,835 6,070 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 45 25 25 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 230 105 125 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 299,455 148,180 151,275 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 269,730 133,780 135,945 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 11,800 5,945 5,850 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,970 1,270 1,700 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 14,355 6,900 7,460 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 1,255 540 715 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 13,100 6,355 6,750 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 65 35 30 965 435 530
English and non-official language 345 175 170 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 185 75 110 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 240,010 117,730 122,275 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 230,750 113,465 117,290 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,367 49,099 33,670 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 230,785 113,470 117,320 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,116 42,561 30,820 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 214,220 107,115 107,105 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,946 48,311 30,934 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 150,495 63,135 87,355 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,849 2,389 4,512 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 183,760 94,640 89,125 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,713 47,457 31,269 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 240,010 117,735 122,280 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 230,665 113,500 117,165 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,824 63,755 42,235 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 230,695 113,505 117,190 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,324 50,940 35,948 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 214,215 107,115 107,100 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,977 63,720 40,231 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 150,565 63,425 87,140 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,975 6,473 7,340 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 183,765 94,665 89,095 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,859 60,188 38,884 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 240,010 117,735 122,275 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 87,425 49,740 37,690 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,330 65,609 50,135 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,241 78,292 57,295 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.3 94.3 87.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.2 78.7 70.0 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.7 5.7 13.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 240,010 117,735 122,280 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 9,255 4,270 4,985 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 230,750 113,465 117,290 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.4 95.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 27,410 11,580 15,830 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 31,050 11,745 19,300 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 29,100 11,225 17,870 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 26,805 11,400 15,405 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 25,355 11,775 13,580 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 20,355 10,675 9,680 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 15,790 8,910 6,885 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 12,245 7,270 4,970 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 10,080 5,995 4,085 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 7,665 4,650 3,010 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 24,905 18,230 6,680 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 17,010 12,050 4,965 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 7,895 6,180 1,710 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 240,010 117,735 122,280 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 9,225 4,265 4,955 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 230,785 113,470 117,320 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 28,145 11,780 16,360 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 32,560 12,380 20,180 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 34,105 13,510 20,590 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 33,885 15,130 18,750 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 29,435 15,000 14,430 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 21,290 11,890 9,400 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 15,885 9,495 6,395 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 11,370 6,790 4,575 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 24,125 17,495 6,625 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 7,345 4,890 2,450 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,950 3,530 1,420 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 11,830 9,080 2,755 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 240,010 117,735 122,280 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 56,245 23,090 33,155 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 183,765 94,645 89,125 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 76.6 80.4 72.9 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 20,670 9,215 11,455 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 13,080 5,340 7,740 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 22,070 9,260 12,810 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 19,115 8,140 10,975 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 19,365 8,735 10,635 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 18,195 8,710 9,480 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 15,180 8,215 6,965 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 11,970 6,845 5,120 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 9,680 5,915 3,765 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 34,435 24,260 10,175 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 8,400 5,075 3,330 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 6,345 3,950 2,390 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 19,690 15,235 4,450 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 119,130 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,913 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,753 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 32,420 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,534 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,613 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 86,715 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,398 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,918 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 119,130 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,281 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,898 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 32,390 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,556 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,364 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 86,735 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,225 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,409 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 119,130 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,690 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,060 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,790 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,835 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,475 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,585 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,140 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,480 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,555 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,365 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,655 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,030 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,515 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,190 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,630 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 47,130 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,050 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,425 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,625 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,035 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 119,125 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,810 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,085 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,840 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,005 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,835 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,235 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,055 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,560 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,410 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,320 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,235 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,485 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,080 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,220 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,435 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 35,535 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,165 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,215 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,150 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 81,735 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,069 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,533 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 31,335 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,970 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,797 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 36,035 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,596 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,215 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 11,600 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,986 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,151 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 81,675 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,418 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,281 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 31,405 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 116,513 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,042 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 35,970 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 145,027 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,272 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,690 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,427 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,643 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 48,635 24,035 24,600 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,222 40,937 34,183 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,501 35,946 31,265 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 48,795 24,065 24,730 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,469 50,630 42,420 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,643 41,446 35,915 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 296,705 146,825 149,880 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 128,230 60,730 67,500 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 25,025 12,195 12,830 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 25,400 11,105 14,290 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 24,385 11,395 12,995 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 25,955 12,565 13,390 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 27,465 13,465 13,995 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 168,470 86,095 82,380 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 28,975 14,630 14,340 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 31,700 15,975 15,725 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 33,950 17,300 16,650 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 37,165 19,065 18,095 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 36,685 19,125 17,560 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 296,255 146,625 149,630 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 66,925 34,325 32,600 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 23,835 12,320 11,515 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 192,700 95,875 96,825 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 36,635 16,430 20,200 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 35,145 16,135 19,005 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 11,380 5,820 5,560 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 4,270 2,190 2,080 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 19,565 8,965 10,600 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 4,200 1,350 2,845 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.9 11.0 12.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.0 17.1 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.9 17.8 18.1 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 9.4 10.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.5 8.2 14.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,105 9,950 10,160 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 5,705 2,930 2,775 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,235 1,135 1,100 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 13,645 6,710 6,940 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 755 305 445 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.8 6.8 6.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.5 8.5 8.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.2 9.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.1 7.0 7.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.9 2.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 296,705 146,825 149,880 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 293,105 145,225 147,880 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 292,975 145,170 147,810 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 17,835 8,115 9,720 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 62,945 30,355 32,595 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 2,785 1,135 1,645 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 2,310 985 1,320 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,120 915 1,205 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 585 230 355 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 120 40 80 20 10 20
Woods Cree 170 85 90 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 1,240 555 680 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 200 75 125 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 200 75 125 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 340 105 230 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 335 105 230 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 340 105 230 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 75 25 50 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 100 40 65 30 15 20
Dakota 95 40 60 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,215 29,230 30,985 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,150 2,105 2,050 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 15 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 430 175 255 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 50 25 20 15 0 15
Oromo 105 35 70 190 110 80
Somali 295 115 175 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,815 1,965 1,855 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 275 120 155 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,760 1,475 1,280 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 445 210 235 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 195 90 105 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 100 50 50 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 380 165 215 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 230 115 115 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,520 755 770 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 45 35 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,450 715 735 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 10,575 4,965 5,610 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 60 30 35 495 205 285
Cebuano 710 295 415 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 85 35 45 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 255 120 130 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 10 10 0 0
Malay 110 45 60 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 30 45 775 350 430
Pangasinan 25 20 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,170 4,780 5,390 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 30 15 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 55 80 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 190 85 95 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 95 35 55 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 845 470 370 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 45 25 25 445 210 235
Malayalam 370 210 160 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 325 190 140 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 185 95 90 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 32,540 15,945 16,590 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 150 80 70 1,135 580 555
Armenian 85 50 30 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 7,075 3,355 3,720 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 85 40 40 635 310 325
Latvian 40 15 25 310 175 140
Lithuanian 45 25 20 325 135 185
Slavic languages 7,020 3,330 3,690 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 135 65 70 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 40 20 20 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 240 135 105 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 125 65 60 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 50 20 30 345 180 160
Polish 840 420 415 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,055 1,020 1,040 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 340 175 160 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 65 20 45 1,240 595 645
Slovak 40 25 15 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 725 330 400
Ukrainian 4,245 1,925 2,325 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 110 70 45 250 120 125
Celtic languages 60 40 20 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 10 350 225 120
Welsh 20 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 6,925 3,260 3,670 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 405 210 185 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 120 75 45 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 470 255 215 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 10 0 120 55 65
German 5,780 2,650 3,130 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 20 10 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 135 70 65 1,405 730 680
Swedish 90 45 40 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 15 220 125 100
Yiddish 15 15 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 410 175 235 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 12,870 6,735 6,135 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 11,755 6,150 5,605 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 2,045 1,135 910 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,140 545 595 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,010 1,600 1,405 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 10 0 375 185 190
Marathi 60 40 25 1,275 650 625
Nepali 325 170 160 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,585 1,970 1,615 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 110 65 50 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 270 165 110 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 5,125 2,565 2,560 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,185 620 565 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 80 45 30 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 230 120 105 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 910 470 440 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 135 65 70 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 5,810 2,720 3,085 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 530 265 270 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 505 230 275 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 650 330 325 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 4,255 1,970 2,290 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 545 245 305 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 630 275 355 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 50 20 25 320 155 170
Mongolian 50 20 30 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,330 735 595 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 110 55 55 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 50 30 30 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 15 0 45 10 35
Ga 30 15 15 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 210 125 80 240 140 95
Lingala 35 25 15 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 70 25 40 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 20 15 210 95 115
Shona 65 40 30 265 125 140
Swahili 275 160 115 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 340 170 175 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 285 155 130 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 85 100 300 150 150
Dinka 60 30 25 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 55 80 250 120 135
Sign languages 740 240 500 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 405 135 275 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 335 105 230 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,290 3,545 3,750 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 7,010 3,410 3,605 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,255 1,080 1,180 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 5,060 2,440 2,615 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 45 55 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 15 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 345 170 170 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 285 135 145 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 105 50 55 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 165 75 90 905 455 450
Tibetan 15 10 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 210 70 135 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 140 55 85 1,125 505 620
Thai 90 20 65 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 355 180 180 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 835 455 385
Turkish 295 155 135 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 20 0 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 225 125 105
Uralic languages 635 310 325 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 10 0 10 495 205 295
Finnish 220 120 105 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 410 195 215 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 65 70 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 296,705 146,825 149,880 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 268,330 132,625 135,700 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 60,820 31,200 29,625 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 207,510 101,425 106,080 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 28,375 14,200 14,175 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 296,705 146,825 149,880 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 246,475 121,695 124,780 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 45,585 22,645 22,940 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 5,895 2,920 2,975 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 2,305 1,165 1,140 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 4,235 2,200 2,035 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 14,350 7,085 7,270 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 4,030 1,905 2,125 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 10,320 5,180 5,140 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 18,805 9,275 9,525 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,645 2,485 2,160 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 45,585 22,645 22,940 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 4,630 2,235 2,390 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 8,660 4,545 4,115 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 7,490 3,440 4,050 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 20,995 10,420 10,575 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 3,815 2,005 1,810 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 45,585 22,645 22,940 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,700 1,750 1,950 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 95 25 70 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 315 150 160 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 360 160 200 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 50 20 30 920 415 500
Haiti 20 10 15 265 110 160
Jamaica 265 150 110 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 285 145 140 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 90 30 55 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 60 30 30 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,400 640 755 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 770 385 385 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 8,875 4,590 4,285 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 215 95 125 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 145 100 45 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 60 30 35 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 890 445 450 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 190 100 90 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 135 80 50 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 365 235 130 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 215 110 100 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 370 185 180 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 595 315 275 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 160 75 85 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 395 185 210 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 295 120 170 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 235 120 115 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,250 630 620 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,550 1,355 1,200 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 815 410 410 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 3,845 1,920 1,925 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 15 10 10 430 270 150
Egypt 190 100 95 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 275 105 170 1,665 835 825
Kenya 195 105 90 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 100 45 55 730 385 340
Nigeria 595 285 310 1,205 630 575
Somalia 140 55 85 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 535 275 255 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,805 950 855 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 28,865 14,240 14,630 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 195 60 130 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,570 840 730 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,825 1,785 2,040 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 355 175 180 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,525 1,865 1,665 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 545 315 230 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 945 480 470 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 135 35 100 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 360 155 200 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 80 50 35 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 3,715 1,905 1,815 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 9,625 4,515 5,110 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 295 165 130 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 620 345 280 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 85 35 50 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,295 670 630 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,685 845 840 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 290 135 155 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 18,800 9,280 9,530 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 895 430 470 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 30 0 25 960 445 520
Colombia 50 25 25 465 220 240
Cuba 10 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 190 110 80 160 115 45
Mexico 165 90 75 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 195 85 105 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 0 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 245 100 145 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,840 920 925 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 15 10 20 790 415 370
Germany 50 30 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 235 165 80 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 60 30 35 200 110 90