Census Profile, 2016 Census
Division No. 11, Census division [Census division], Saskatchewan and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Division No. 11, CDR
Saskatchewan
[Census division]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Division No. 11, Census division [Census division], Saskatchewan  Map : Division No. 11, Census division [Census division], Saskatchewan
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 303,423 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 271,170 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 129,632 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 119,128 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 18.2 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 16,692.08 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 303,420 149,820 153,605 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 57,000 29,265 27,735 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 20,060 10,310 9,745 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 19,340 9,925 9,415 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 17,600 9,035 8,570 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 205,950 102,995 102,960 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 18,040 9,185 8,855 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 22,675 11,545 11,135 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 25,380 12,820 12,555 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 24,490 12,150 12,340 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 21,430 10,760 10,670 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 19,040 9,540 9,500 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 18,070 9,105 8,960 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 20,200 10,005 10,195 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 19,535 9,570 9,970 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 17,090 8,315 8,775 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 40,475 17,565 22,910 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 12,735 6,105 6,625 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 8,730 4,095 4,640 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 6,970 2,955 4,015 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 5,575 2,270 3,300 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 6,460 2,130 4,330 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 3,900 1,430 2,470 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 1,890 570 1,320 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 580 120 455 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 95 10 80 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.8 19.5 18.1 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.7 67.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 13.3 11.7 14.9 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.4 2.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 38.0 36.9 39.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 35.9 35.0 36.9 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 119,125 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 72,925 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,270 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 40,920 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,590 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 7,445 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,570 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 23,235 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 80 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,015 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 119,130 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 32,420 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 40,935 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 18,065 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 16,705 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,010 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 296,705 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 246,425 120,560 125,865 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 141,915 71,115 70,800 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 120,285 60,275 60,005 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 21,630 10,840 10,795 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 104,510 49,445 55,065 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 72,835 39,240 33,600 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 5,305 2,345 2,960 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 13,725 5,520 8,205 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 12,645 2,340 10,305 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 81,650 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 40,510 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 16,735 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 16,010 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,395 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 81,650 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 69,110 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 58,300 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 10,810 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 12,540 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 9,875 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 2,665 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 69,110 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 33,145 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 35,960 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 13,260 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 14,855 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 7,845 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 12,540 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 7,360 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 3,475 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 1,710 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 56,330 27,845 28,485 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 119,130 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 77,680 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 31,790 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 45,895 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,930 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 39,510 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 32,415 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,095 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 299,450 148,180 151,275 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 277,650 138,315 139,345 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 155 75 80 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 18,025 8,155 9,875 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 3,610 1,635 1,980 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 299,450 148,180 151,275 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 291,530 144,455 147,080 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 3,560 1,720 1,840 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 860 425 430 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 3,505 1,575 1,920 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,985 1,935 2,055 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 299,455 148,180 151,275 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 293,445 145,320 148,120 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 242,690 120,575 122,115 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 238,810 118,700 120,110 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 3,880 1,875 2,000 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 50,755 24,745 26,010 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 1,370 570 800 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 1,085 445 640 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 925 375 550 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 5 0 5 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 10 5 5 315 125 190
Plains Cree 260 110 150 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 45 20 30 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 75 35 40 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 530 205 325 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 160 75 85 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 160 70 90 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 200 80 120 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 200 85 115 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 200 80 115 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 5 5 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 5 5 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 25 10 15 465 230 235
Salish languages 5 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 45 20 25 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 40 20 20 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 49,385 24,180 25,205 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,390 1,750 1,645 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 0 0 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 385 185 200 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 25 15 10 805 455 350
Oromo 140 75 70 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 205 90 115 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 2,985 1,545 1,440 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 140 60 80 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 1,960 1,035 925 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 145 135 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 30 15 10 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 5 5 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 290 140 150 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,145 550 595 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 35 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 1,075 520 555 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 8,285 3,905 4,380 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 35 20 20 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 535 235 305 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 5 5 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 80 40 45 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 255 120 130 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 55 25 30 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 20 30 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 15 5 5 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,125 3,380 3,750 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 30 15 10 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 50 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 70 35 35 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 540 290 250 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 35 15 20 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 250 135 115 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 155 85 70 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 95 50 50 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 26,365 12,895 13,475 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 85 50 40 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 45 25 20 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 6,215 2,785 3,430 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 60 35 30 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 50 20 25 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 15 10 10 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 6,150 2,755 3,400 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 110 55 60 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 30 15 10 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 160 85 75 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 80 35 40 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 45 25 20 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 650 295 355 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 1,160 535 620 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 175 105 80 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 75 35 35 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 40 25 20 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 3,520 1,500 2,020 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 20 10 10 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 10 5 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 6,315 2,925 3,390 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 215 95 115 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 80 45 35 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 435 225 215 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 15 10 5 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 5,405 2,490 2,910 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 15 5 10 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 85 30 55 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 40 20 20 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 10 5 5 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 235 120 110 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 10,555 5,550 5,000 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 9,265 4,860 4,405 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 1,665 900 765 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 775 415 360 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 570 320 255 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 10 5 5 565 300 265
Konkani 5 0 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 55 30 25 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 330 170 165 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,140 1,160 975 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 100 50 45 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 220 105 110 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 3,390 1,700 1,695 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 1,140 615 525 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 55 35 25 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 295 160 135 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 790 415 370 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 2,895 1,425 1,470 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 5 865 440 425
Italian 210 110 105 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 375 155 225 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 405 210 195 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 1,900 955 950 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 150 55 95 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 495 235 255 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 35 10 25 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 30 10 20 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 900 475 420 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 75 50 30 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 5 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 5 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 20 10 5 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 5 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 15 10 5 920 445 470
Ganda 5 5 5 1,295 625 665
Igbo 70 40 25 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 0 0 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 25 15 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 25 25 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 55 25 25 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 165 90 75 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 220 105 110 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 85 85 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 70 65 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 40 20 15 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 90 45 45 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 40 20 20 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 25 25 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,880 3,430 3,445 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 6,545 3,250 3,295 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 1,885 935 955 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 15 10 10 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 4,130 2,060 2,070 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 5 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 45 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 380 185 190 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 335 180 160 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 95 65 35 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 220 105 120 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 10 5 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 215 90 125 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 145 70 70 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 70 25 45 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 180 95 80 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 130 80 55 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 5 5 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 10 5 10 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 470 215 250 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 10 0 10 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 75 30 45 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 380 190 190 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 6,010 2,855 3,150 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 650 300 345 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 5,140 2,450 2,690 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 90 45 50 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 130 70 70 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 299,450 148,180 151,275 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 286,835 142,000 144,830 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 260,935 129,050 131,885 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 259,840 128,485 131,350 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 1,095 565 530 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 25,900 12,950 12,950 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 370 170 190 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 265 125 145 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 235 110 135 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 65 25 40 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 15 10 5 330 140 190
Woods Cree 5 5 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 150 65 85 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 20 10 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 30 20 10 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 75 40 40 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 40 35 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 80 40 40 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 15 10 10 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 10 5 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,535 12,775 12,755 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,315 1,165 1,150 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 5 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 5 5 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 250 120 135 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 15 5 10 620 330 285
Oromo 115 60 55 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 115 50 65 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 2,060 1,035 1,020 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 65 35 35 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 1,415 725 690 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 210 100 110 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 55 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 10 5 10 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 175 80 90 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 770 365 400 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 745 360 390 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 4,425 2,165 2,270 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 5 0 5 290 140 155
Cebuano 205 100 110 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 55 30 25 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 65 30 30 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 20 10 10 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 5 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,030 1,960 2,065 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 10 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 30 10 20 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 10 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 265 140 130 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 15 10 5 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 160 80 80 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 55 30 30 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 35 15 20 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 11,595 5,895 5,705 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 45 25 20 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 35 20 15 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 2,080 1,035 1,050 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 35 10 15 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 25 10 10 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 10 0 5 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 2,050 1,020 1,030 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 60 30 25 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 20 10 10 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 50 25 30 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 15 10 5 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 35 15 20 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 220 105 120 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 660 335 320 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 140 75 65 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 30 10 20 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 25 15 10 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 765 380 390 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 670 310 360
Celtic languages 5 0 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 5 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 1,100 545 555 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 120 60 60 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 5 0 855 410 445
Dutch 45 25 15 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 925 450 470 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 5 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 10 5 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 100 45 60 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 6,870 3,540 3,330 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 6,060 3,130 2,935 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 1,180 610 570 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 535 275 255 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 300 160 140 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 25 15 10 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 225 115 110 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,445 780 665 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 45 20 25 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 50 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 2,195 1,095 1,105 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 730 370 360 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 35 20 15 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 185 90 90 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 510 255 250 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,360 685 675 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 45 20 25 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 120 55 65 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 200 105 100 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 1,000 505 495 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 55 25 30 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 310 150 160 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 910 440 470
Mongolian 20 10 10 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 230 115 120 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 5 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 5 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 5 5 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 5 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 1,530 670 865
Shona 20 10 10 1,035 475 560
Swahili 60 30 30 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 50 25 25 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 25 35 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 20 10 10 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 110 65 45 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 40 20 20 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 45 30 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,030 2,500 2,530 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 4,770 2,375 2,395 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 1,225 580 645 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 3,260 1,650 1,610 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 230 115 115 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 130 130 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 60 30 25 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 190 90 95 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 5 0 5 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 85 35 45 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 50 25 25 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 30 10 20 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 85 45 45 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 1,245 640 610
Turkish 70 35 35 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 5 5 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 455 230 225
Uralic languages 125 70 60 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 5 5 5 975 365 610
Finnish 15 10 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 110 60 50 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 12,615 6,175 6,440 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 435 210 225 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 11,905 5,835 6,070 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 45 25 25 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 230 105 125 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 299,455 148,180 151,275 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 269,730 133,780 135,945 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 11,800 5,945 5,850 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 2,970 1,270 1,700 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 14,355 6,900 7,460 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 1,255 540 715 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 13,100 6,355 6,750 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 65 35 30 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 345 175 170 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 185 75 110 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 240,010 117,730 122,275 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 230,750 113,465 117,290 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,367 49,099 33,670 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 230,785 113,470 117,320 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,116 42,561 30,820 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 214,220 107,115 107,105 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,946 48,311 30,934 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 150,495 63,135 87,355 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,849 2,389 4,512 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 183,760 94,640 89,125 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,713 47,457 31,269 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 240,010 117,735 122,280 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 230,665 113,500 117,165 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,824 63,755 42,235 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 230,695 113,505 117,190 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,324 50,940 35,948 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 214,215 107,115 107,100 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,977 63,720 40,231 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 150,565 63,425 87,140 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,975 6,473 7,340 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 183,765 94,665 89,095 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,859 60,188 38,884 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 240,010 117,735 122,275 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 87,425 49,740 37,690 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,330 65,609 50,135 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,241 78,292 57,295 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.3 94.3 87.0 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.2 78.7 70.0 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.7 5.7 13.0 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 240,010 117,735 122,280 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 9,255 4,270 4,985 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 230,750 113,465 117,290 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.4 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 27,410 11,580 15,830 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 31,050 11,745 19,300 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 29,100 11,225 17,870 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 26,805 11,400 15,405 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 25,355 11,775 13,580 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 20,355 10,675 9,680 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 15,790 8,910 6,885 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 12,245 7,270 4,970 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 10,080 5,995 4,085 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 7,665 4,650 3,010 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 24,905 18,230 6,680 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 17,010 12,050 4,965 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 7,895 6,180 1,710 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 240,010 117,735 122,280 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 9,225 4,265 4,955 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 230,785 113,470 117,320 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 28,145 11,780 16,360 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 32,560 12,380 20,180 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 34,105 13,510 20,590 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 33,885 15,130 18,750 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 29,435 15,000 14,430 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 21,290 11,890 9,400 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 15,885 9,495 6,395 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 11,370 6,790 4,575 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 24,125 17,495 6,625 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 7,345 4,890 2,450 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 4,950 3,530 1,420 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 11,830 9,080 2,755 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 240,010 117,735 122,280 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 56,245 23,090 33,155 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 183,765 94,645 89,125 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 76.6 80.4 72.9 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 20,670 9,215 11,455 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 13,080 5,340 7,740 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 22,070 9,260 12,810 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 19,115 8,140 10,975 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 19,365 8,735 10,635 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 18,195 8,710 9,480 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 15,180 8,215 6,965 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 11,970 6,845 5,120 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 9,680 5,915 3,765 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 34,435 24,260 10,175 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 8,400 5,075 3,330 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 6,345 3,950 2,390 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 19,690 15,235 4,450 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 119,130 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,913 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,753 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 32,420 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,534 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,613 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 86,715 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,398 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,918 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 119,130 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,281 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,898 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 32,390 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,556 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,364 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 86,735 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,225 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,409 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 119,130 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,690 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,060 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,790 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,835 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,475 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,585 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,140 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,480 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,555 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,365 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,655 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,030 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,515 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,190 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,630 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 47,130 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,050 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,425 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,625 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,035 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 119,125 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,810 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,085 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,840 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,005 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,835 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,235 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,055 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,560 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,410 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,320 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,235 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,485 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,080 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,220 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,435 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 35,535 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,165 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,215 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,150 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 81,735 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,069 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,533 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 31,335 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,970 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,797 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 36,035 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,596 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,215 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 11,600 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,986 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,151 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 81,675 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,418 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,281 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 31,405 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 116,513 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,042 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 35,970 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 145,027 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,272 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,690 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,427 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,643 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 48,635 24,035 24,600 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,222 40,937 34,183 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,501 35,946 31,265 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 48,795 24,065 24,730 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,469 50,630 42,420 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,643 41,446 35,915 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 296,705 146,825 149,880 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 128,230 60,730 67,500 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 25,025 12,195 12,830 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 25,400 11,105 14,290 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 24,385 11,395 12,995 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 25,955 12,565 13,390 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 27,465 13,465 13,995 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 168,470 86,095 82,380 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 28,975 14,630 14,340 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 31,700 15,975 15,725 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 33,950 17,300 16,650 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 37,165 19,065 18,095 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 36,685 19,125 17,560 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 296,255 146,625 149,630 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 66,925 34,325 32,600 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 23,835 12,320 11,515 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 192,700 95,875 96,825 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 36,635 16,430 20,200 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 35,145 16,135 19,005 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 11,380 5,820 5,560 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 4,270 2,190 2,080 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 19,565 8,965 10,600 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 4,200 1,350 2,845 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.9 11.0 12.7 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.0 17.1 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.9 17.8 18.1 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 9.4 10.9 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 11.5 8.2 14.1 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,105 9,950 10,160 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 5,705 2,930 2,775 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 2,235 1,135 1,100 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 13,645 6,710 6,940 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 755 305 445 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.8 6.8 6.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.5 8.5 8.5 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.2 9.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 7.1 7.0 7.2 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.9 2.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 296,705 146,825 149,880 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 293,105 145,225 147,880 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 292,975 145,170 147,810 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 17,835 8,115 9,720 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 62,945 30,355 32,595 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 2,785 1,135 1,645 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 2,310 985 1,320 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 10 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,120 915 1,205 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 10 10 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 585 230 355 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 120 40 80 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 170 85 90 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 1,240 555 680 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 200 75 125 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 200 75 125 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 340 105 230 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 335 105 230 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 340 105 230 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 75 25 50 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 100 40 65 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 95 40 60 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,215 29,230 30,985 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,150 2,105 2,050 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 15 15 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 10 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 430 175 255 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 50 25 20 1,085 625 470
Oromo 105 35 70 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 295 115 175 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 3,815 1,965 1,855 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 275 120 155 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 2,760 1,475 1,280 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 445 210 235 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 195 90 105 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 100 50 50 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 380 165 215 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 230 115 115 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,520 755 770 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 45 35 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 1,450 715 735 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 10,575 4,965 5,610 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 60 30 35 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 710 295 415 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 85 35 45 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 255 120 130 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 10 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 110 45 60 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 30 45 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 25 20 10 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,170 4,780 5,390 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 30 15 10 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 55 80 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 190 85 95 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 0 10 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 95 35 55 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 845 470 370 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 45 25 25 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 370 210 160 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 325 190 140 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 185 95 90 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 32,540 15,945 16,590 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 150 80 70 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 85 50 30 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 7,075 3,355 3,720 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 85 40 40 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 40 15 25 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 45 25 20 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 7,020 3,330 3,690 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 10 10 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 135 65 70 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 40 20 20 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 240 135 105 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 125 65 60 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 50 20 30 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 840 420 415 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 2,055 1,020 1,040 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 340 175 160 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 65 20 45 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 40 25 15 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 4,245 1,925 2,325 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 110 70 45 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 60 40 20 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 10 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 20 10 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 6,925 3,260 3,670 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 405 210 185 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 120 75 45 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 470 255 215 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 10 10 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 5,780 2,650 3,130 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 20 10 10 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 135 70 65 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 90 45 40 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 15 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 15 15 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 410 175 235 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 12,870 6,735 6,135 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 11,755 6,150 5,605 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 2,045 1,135 910 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 1,140 545 595 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 3,010 1,600 1,405 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 10 10 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 60 40 25 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 325 170 160 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,585 1,970 1,615 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 110 65 50 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 270 165 110 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 5,125 2,565 2,560 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 1,185 620 565 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 80 45 30 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 230 120 105 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 910 470 440 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 135 65 70 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 5,810 2,720 3,085 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 530 265 270 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 505 230 275 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 650 330 325 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 4,255 1,970 2,290 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 545 245 305 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 10 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 630 275 355 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 50 20 25 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 50 20 30 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 1,330 735 595 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 110 55 55 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 50 30 30 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 15 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 30 15 15 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 0 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 210 125 80 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 35 25 15 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 70 25 40 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 20 15 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 65 40 30 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 275 160 115 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 0 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 340 170 175 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 285 155 130 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 85 100 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 60 30 25 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 55 80 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 740 240 500 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 405 135 275 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 335 105 230 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,290 3,545 3,750 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 7,010 3,410 3,605 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 2,255 1,080 1,180 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 0 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 5,060 2,440 2,615 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 45 55 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 15 20 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 345 170 170 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 285 135 145 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 105 50 55 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 165 75 90 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 15 10 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 210 70 135 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 140 55 85 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 90 20 65 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 355 180 180 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 295 155 135 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 20 0 15 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 635 310 325 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 10 0 10 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 220 120 105 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 410 195 215 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 65 70 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 296,705 146,825 149,880 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 268,330 132,625 135,700 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 60,820 31,200 29,625 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 207,510 101,425 106,080 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 28,375 14,200 14,175 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 296,705 146,825 149,880 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 246,475 121,695 124,780 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 45,585 22,645 22,940 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 5,895 2,920 2,975 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 2,305 1,165 1,140 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 4,235 2,200 2,035 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 14,350 7,085 7,270 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 4,030 1,905 2,125 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 10,320 5,180 5,140 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 18,805 9,275 9,525 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,645 2,485 2,160 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 45,585 22,645 22,940 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 4,630 2,235 2,390 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 8,660 4,545 4,115 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 7,490 3,440 4,050 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 20,995 10,420 10,575 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 3,815 2,005 1,810 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 45,585 22,645 22,940 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 3,700 1,750 1,950 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 95 25 70 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 315 150 160 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 360 160 200 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 50 20 30 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 20 10 15 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 265 150 110 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 285 145 140 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 90 30 55 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 60 30 30 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,400 640 755 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 770 385 385 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 8,875 4,590 4,285 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 215 95 125 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 145 100 45 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 60 30 35 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 890 445 450 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 190 100 90 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 135 80 50 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 365 235 130 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 215 110 100 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 370 185 180 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 595 315 275 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 160 75 85 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 395 185 210 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 295 120 170 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 235 120 115 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 1,250 630 620 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,550 1,355 1,200 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 815 410 410 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 3,845 1,920 1,925 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 15 10 10 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 190 100 95 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 275 105 170 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 195 105 90 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 100 45 55 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 595 285 310 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 140 55 85 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 535 275 255 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 1,805 950 855 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 28,865 14,240 14,630 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 195 60 130 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 1,570 840 730 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,825 1,785 2,040 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 355 175 180 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 3,525 1,865 1,665 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 545 315 230 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 945 480 470 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 135 35 100 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 360 155 200 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 80 50 35 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 3,715 1,905 1,815 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 9,625 4,515 5,110 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 295 165 130 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 620 345 280 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 85 35 50 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 1,295 670 630 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 1,685 845 840 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 290 135 155 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 18,800 9,280 9,530 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 895 430 470 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 30 0 25 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 50 25 25 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 10 10 0 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 0 0 0 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 190 110 80 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 165 90 75 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 195 85 105 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 0 20 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 245 100 145 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 1,840 920 925 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 15 10 20 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 50 30 15 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 235 165 80 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66